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New Trends In Removal Of Heavy Metals From Industrial Wastewater

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New Trends in Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastewater

New Trends in Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastewater Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Vineet Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 0128231084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Trends in Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastewater covers the applicable technologies relating to the removal of heavy metals from wastewater and new and emerging trends in the field, both at the laboratory and industrial scale. Sections explore new environmentally friendly technologies, the principles of sustainable development, the main factors contributing to heavy metal removal from wastewater, methods and procedures, materials (especially low-cost materials originated from industrial and agricultural waste), management of wastewater containing heavy metals and wastewater valorization, recycling, environmental impact, and wastewater policies for post heavy metal removal. This book is an advanced and updated vision of existing heavy metal removal technologies with their limitations and challenges and their potential application to remove heavy metals/environmental pollutants through advancements in bioremediation. Finally, sections also cover new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation with recent developments in this field by an application of chemical/biochemical and environmental biotechnology. Outlines the fate and occurrence of heavy metals in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) and potential approaches for their removal Describes the techniques currently available for removing heavy metals from wastewater Discusses the emerging technologies in heavy metal removal Covers biological treatments to remove heavy metals Includes the valorization of heavy metal containing wastewater

New Technologies Development and Application II

New Technologies  Development and Application II Book
Author : Isak Karabegović
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 3030180727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features papers focusing on the implementation of new and future technologies, which were presented at the International Conference on New Technologies, Development and Application, held at the Academy of Science and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo on 27th–29th June 2019. It covers a wide range of future technologies and technical disciplines, including complex systems such as Industry 4.0; robotics; mechatronics systems; automation; manufacturing; cyber-physical and autonomous systems; sensors; networks; control, energy, automotive and biological systems; vehicular networking and connected vehicles; effectiveness and logistics systems, smart grids, as well as nonlinear, power, social and economic systems. We are currently experiencing the Fourth Industrial Revolution “Industry 4.0”, and its implementation will improve many aspects of human life in all segments, and lead to changes in business paradigms and production models. Further, new business methods are emerging, transforming production systems, transport, delivery, and consumption, which need to be monitored and implemented by every company involved in the global market.

Biological Crystallization

Biological Crystallization Book
Author : Jaime Gómez Morales
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-09-23
ISBN : 3039214039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For at least six hundred million years, life has been a fascinating laboratory of crystallization, referred to as biomineralization. During this huge lapse of time, many organisms from diverse phyla have developed the capability to precipitate various types of minerals, exploring distinctive pathways for building sophisticated structural architectures for different purposes. The Darwinian exploration was performed by trial and error, but the success in terms of complexity and efficiency is evident. Understanding the strategies that those organisms employ for regulating the nucleation, growth, and assembly of nanocrystals to build these sophisticated devices is an intellectual challenge and a source of inspiration in fields as diverse as materials science, nanotechnology, and biomedicine. However, “Biological Crystallization” is a broader topic that includes biomineralization, but also the laboratory crystallization of biological compounds such as macromolecules, carbohydrates, or lipids, and the synthesis and fabrication of biomimetic materials by different routes. This Special Issue collects 15 contributions ranging from biological and biomimetic crystallization of calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, and silica-carbonate self-assembled materials to the crystallization of biological macromolecules. Special attention has been paid to the fundamental phenomena of crystallization (nucleation and growth), and the applications of the crystals in biomedicine, environment, and materials science.

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 0128110341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Nanocomposites for Pollution Control

Nanocomposites for Pollution Control Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-24
ISBN : 1351387936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites present outstanding mechanical properties and compatibility owing to their composite matrix and unique physical and chemical composition provided by large surface-area-to-volume ratios and high interfacial reactivity. Freedom to functionalize nanocomposites with various chemical groups increases their affinity toward target pollutants, which is highly desirable for the selective extraction of target analytes in complex environmental matrixes. This book presents the recent progress in the field of nanocomposites and their properties, fabrication methods, and applications for pollution control and sensing. It discusses the advances in pollution control techniques made possible because of nanocomposites and focuses on environment-friendly and efficient approaches. The text also covers economic, toxicological, and regulatory issues and research trends.

Material Science Technology and Global Sustainability II

Material Science Technology and Global Sustainability II Book
Author : Syed Shatir A. Syed-Hassan
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2019-03-28
ISBN : 3035732043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of the journal presents readers with the collection of papers by results of the 4th International Conference on Global Sustainability and Chemical Engineering (ICGSCE 2018) which was successfully held during 5-6 September 2018 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The topics mentioned in this collection cover a wide range of modern materials science and chemical engineering in the aspect of clean and sustainable development.

Contemporary Ergonomics 1999

Contemporary Ergonomics 1999 Book
Author : Margaret Hanson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-01-14
ISBN : 9780203211977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The annually released proceedings of the UK's Ergonomics Society annual conference. This book continues the long association between Taylor & Francis and the Ergonomics Society.

Heavy Metals in the Environment

Heavy Metals in the Environment Book
Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Jiaping Paul Chen,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-06-23
ISBN : 9781420073195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A successful modern heavy metal control program for any industry will include not only traditional water pollution control, but also air pollution control, soil conservation, site remediation, groundwater protection, public health management, solid waste disposal, and combined industrial-municipal heavy metal waste management. In fact, it should be a total environmental control program. Comprehensive in scope, Heavy Metals in the Environment provides technical and economical information on the development of a feasible total heavy metal control program that can benefit industry and local municipalities. The book discusses the importance and contamination of metals such as lead, chromium, cadmium, zinc, copper, nickel, iron, and mercury. It covers important research of metals in the environment, the processes and mechanisms for metals control and removal, the environmental behavior and effects of engineered metal and metal oxide nanoparticles, environmental geochemistry of high arsenic aquifer systems, nano-technology applications in metal ion adsorption, biosorption of metals, and heavy metal removal by expopolysaccharide-producing cyanobacteria. The authors delineate technologies for metals treatment and management, metal bearing effluents, metal-contaminated solid wastes, metal finishing industry wastes and brownfield sites, and arsenic-contaminated groundwater streams. They also discuss control, treatment, and management of metal emissions from motor vehicles. The authors reflect the breadth of the field and draw on personal experiences to provide an in-depth presentation of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends for each industrial or commercial operation. The methodologies and technologies discussed are directly applicable to the waste management problems that must be met in all industries.

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : D. G. Rao,R. Senthilkumar,J. Anthony Byrne,S. Feroz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-05
ISBN : 1439860459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to the heterogeneous nature of water streams from diverse domestic and industrial sources, and the equally diverse nature of pollutants that can be physical, chemical, and biological in nature, their treatment methods also must be varied in nature. Responding to this complex situation, Wastewater Treatment: Advanced Processes and Technologies p

Bioremediation of Industrial Waste for Environmental Safety

Bioremediation of Industrial Waste for Environmental Safety Book
Author : Ram Naresh Bharagava,Gaurav Saxena
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-08
ISBN : 9811334269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Achieving environmental sustainability with rapid industrialization is currently a major global challenge. Industries are the key economic drivers, but are also the main polluters as untreated/partially treated effluents from industry are usually discharged into the aquatic environment or dumped. Industrial effluents often contain highly toxic and hazardous pollutants, which cause ecological damage and present and health hazards to living beings. As such, there is a pressing need to find ecofriendly solutions to deal with industrial waste, and to develop sustainable methods for treating/detoxifying waste before it’s released into the environment. As a low cost and eco-friendly clean technology, bioremediation can offer a sustainable alternative to conventional remediation technologies for the treatment and management of industrial wastes. This book (Volume II) describes the role of biological agents in the degradation and detoxification of organic and inorganic pollutants in industrial wastes, and presents recent bioremediation approaches for waste treatment and management, such as constructed wetlands, electro- bioremediation and nano-bioremediation, as well as microbial fuel cells. It appeals to students, researchers, scientists, industry professionals and experts in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences, eco-toxicology, environmental remediation and waste management and other relevant areas who are interested in biodegradation and bioremediation of industrial wastes for environmental safety.

Industrial Wastewater Management Treatment and Disposal 3e MOP FD 3

Industrial Wastewater Management  Treatment  and Disposal  3e MOP FD 3 Book
Author : Water Environment Federation
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2008-05-15
ISBN : 9780071592390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Latest Tactics and Strategies for Treating Every Kind of Industrial Wastewater Industrial Wastewater Management offers proven methods to help you treat toxic, concentrated, and polluted water. Complete with illustrations and tables throughout, this authoritative guide contains information on the newest chemicals, significant treatment studies, efficient control processes, and the latest instrumentation. Industrial Wastewater Management equips you with the know-how for treating and removing heavy metals, arsenic, selenium, and mercury by providing detailed descriptions of pretreatment processes, design criteria, and process performance. Features include: Characteristic, sampling, and treatment studies The latest techniques and materials for heavy-metal removal Arsenic, selenium, and mercury treatment processes Applications for biological treatment Instrumentation and control procedures Design and construction procurement services SI as primary units and U.S. as secondary Pros and cons of processes in specific applications Inside: • Discharge and Disposal Regulations • Sampling and Analysis • Wastewater Survey and Characterization • Chemical and Physical Treatability Assessments • Pollution Prevention • Waste Minimization • Flow and Load Equalization • Solids Separation and Handling • Fat, Oil, and Grease Removal • pH Control • Inorganic Constituent Removal • Organic Constituent Treatment • Process Instrumentation and Control • Project Procurement Services

Advances in Environmental Biotechnology

Advances in Environmental Biotechnology Book
Author : Raman Kumar,Anil Kumar Sharma,Sarabjeet Singh Ahluwalia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-19
ISBN : 9811040419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book aims to provide a comprehensive view of advanced environmental approaches for wastewater treatment, heavy metal removal, pesticide degradation, dye removal, waste management, microbial transformation of environmental contaminants etc. With advancements in the area of Environmental Biotechnology, researchers are looking for the new opportunities to improve quality standards and environment. Recent technologies have given impetus to the possibility of using renewable raw materials as a potential source of energy. Cost intensive and eco-friendly technology for producing high quality products and efficient ways to recycle waste to minimize environmental pollution is the need of hour. The use of bioremediation technologies through microbial communities is another viable option to remediate environmental pollutants, such as heavy metals, pesticides and dyes etc. Since physico-chemical technologies employed in the past have many potential drawbacks including higher cost, and lower sustainability. So there is need of efficient biotechnological alternatives to overcome increasing environmental pollution. Hence, there is a need for environmental friendly technologies that can reduce the pollutants causing adverse hazards on humans and surrounding environment.

Recent Trends in Materials and Mechanical Engineering Materials Mechatronics and Automation

Recent Trends in Materials and Mechanical Engineering Materials  Mechatronics and Automation Book
Author : Qi Luo
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-05-03
ISBN : 3038135305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection of over 429 peer-reviewed papers on Materials and Mechanical Engineering is divided into the chapters: 1: Materials Engineering and Mechanical Engineering - 2: Manufacturing and Production Processes - 3: Automotive Engineering and Industry Application. It provides an authoritative overview of the subject.

Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Waste Water

Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Waste Water Book
Author : Sanjay K. Sharma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-04
ISBN : 1118720741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of synthetic chemical dyes in various industrialprocesses, including paper and pulp manufacturing, plastics, dyeingof cloth, leather treatment and printing, has increasedconsiderably over the last few years, resulting in the release ofdye-containing industrial effluents into the soil and aquatic ecosystems. The textile industry generates high-pollutingwastewaters and their treatment is a very serious problem due tohigh total dissolved solids (TDS), presence of toxic heavy metals,and the non-biodegradable nature of the dyestuffs in theeffluent. The chapters in this book provide an overview of the problem andits solution from different angles. These problems and solutionsare presented in a genuinely holistic way by world-renownedresearchers. Discussed are various promising techniques to removedyes, including the use of nanotechnology, ultrasound, microwave,catalysts, biosorption, enzymatic treatments, advanced oxidationprocesses, etc., all of which are “green.” Green Chemistry for Dyes Removal from Wastewatercomprehensively discusses: Different types of dyes, their working and methodologies andvarious physical, chemical and biological treatment methodsemployed Application of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in dyeremoval whereby highly reactive hydroxyl radicals are generatedchemically, photochemically and/or by radiolytic/ sonolytic means.The potential of ultrasound as an AOP is discussed as well. Nanotechnology in the treatment of dye removal types ofadsorbents for removal of toxic pollutants from aquaticsystems Photocatalytic oxidation process for dye degradation under bothUV and visible light, application of solar light and solarphotoreactor in dye degradation

Electrolytic Processes for Simultaneous Removal of Heavy Metals and Organics from Different Industrial Wastewaters

Electrolytic Processes for Simultaneous Removal of Heavy Metals and Organics from Different Industrial Wastewaters Book
Author : Ya Vinh
Publisher :
Release : 2020
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A novel sacrificial anode comprised of scrap iron packed inside a cage made of titanium (Ti) mesh was developed for the treatment of electroplating Cr(VI)-containing wastewater (denoted as electrochemical reduction (ECR)) and CuEDTA wastewater (denoted as electro-replacement/precipitation/deposition (ERPD)). Since scrap iron packed in Ti mesh cage has large surface area and open structures, these systems were able to operate at low voltage and consume less energy by applying low current densities (1.18-3.54 mA/cm2). Meanwhile, a high-pressure electrocoagulation (HPEC) system was devised to facilitate the Fe(II)-to-Fe(III) conversion under acidic pH conditions to treat organic wastewater. A complete removal of Cr(VI) was achieved with electrical current, whereas only 20% of the Cr(VI) was removed without current. Direct reduction of Cr(VI) on the iron surface was a dominant mechanism for the system operated at low (0.25 A) or no current intensity. However, the direct Cr(VI) reduction on the iron surface is hindered by the passivation of iron surfaces by freshly precipitated iron oxides or mixed Cr(III)-Fe(III) oxides. Cr(VI) reduction/removal was more effective under acidic solution pH because of additional adsorption of Cr(VI) onto the precipitated Fe/Cr hydroxides. The trend in total Cr removal was almost the same as that of Cr(VI) reduction/removal, but the time required to complete total Cr removal was increased with decreasing of solution pH. With intermittent electric current supply, the energy consumption and scrap iron used were more efficient. The total operational costs using scrap iron as a sacrificial anode under the intermittent current condition could be 72-77% less than that required by the conventional plate electrode. ERPD process with scrap iron packed in a Ti mesh cage as a sacrificial anode was investigated to treat Cu-ligand containing wastewater. At first, a series of experiments using iron or carbon plates as sacrificial anodes to treat Cu-containing solutions with and without ligands were performed to elucidate the removal mechanism. Ineffective Cu removal (~20%) using carbon anode and a complete Cu removal using iron anode along with "E289A4" 10% of TOC removal indicates that ERPD is the major removal mechanism responsible for the removal of Cu from CuEDTA complexes. A complete Cu removal was achieved with electric current applied using scrap iron packed anode. Meanwhile, only 60% of Cu was removed without electric current. The initial pH of solution had negligible effect on Cu removal. Under aeration, Cu removal was only ~60%, while mechanic mixing and N2 purging showed 100% removal efficiencies, indicating that DO significantly impacts Cu removals. The obtained results clearly indicated that the electrolytic system (ES) using scrap iron packed in Ti mesh as a sacrificial anode was not only high in removal efficiency but also cost-effective. The operating cost for ES using scrap iron packed anode was found to be more economic than that of conventional processes. Around 60-75% of operation cost could be saved by using ERPD process for the treatment of CuEDTA-containing wastewater. A novel high-pressure electrocoagulation (HPEC) system was developed to facilitate the Fe(II)-to-Fe(III) conversion under acidic pH conditions. The effectiveness of HPEC and conventional electrocoagulation (CEC) processes were compared for the treatment of synthetic dye wastewater containing Eriochrome Black T (EBT). Various operating pressure levels (0-3 bar) and initial solution pH values (3-10) were investigated. Under the same Fe dosage, the HPEC system outperformed the CEC, achieving complete color removal after a short reaction time. In the initial solution pH range of 8, a completed color removal and around 78% of total organic carbon removal were achieved using the HPEC process. However, a sharp drop in the removal efficiency occurred at the solution pH of 8 due to the formation of Fe(III)-EBT complexes and the ineffective removal of these complexes by coagulation or adsorption reactions. The high removal efficiencies obtained under acidic and neutral pH conditions were attributed to the effective conversion Fe(II)-to-Fe(III) and formation of Fe(OH)3 precipitates by dissolved oxygen when the reactor was pressurized. Since the reaction time of HPEC was extremely short, the HPEC could save significant operation costs (45-70%) compared to the CEC processes.

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal Book
Author : Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 3319921118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first volume on adsorption using green adsorbents and is written by international contributors who are the leading experts in the adsorption field. The first volume provides an overview of fundamentals and design of adsorption processes. For people who are new to the field, the book starts by two overview chapters presenting the principles and properties of wastewater treatment and adsorption processes. The book also provides a comprehensive source of knowledge on acid-base properties of biosorbents. It discusses fractal-like kinetic models for fluid-solid adsorption, reports on the chemical characterization of oxidized activated carbons for metal removal, and the use of magnetic biosorbents in water treatment. Furthermore, the thermodynamic properties of metals adsorption by green adsorbents, and biosorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organic pollutants are reviewed, and finally the recent trends and impact of nanomaterials as green adsorbent and potential catalysts for environmental applications are summarized. The audience for this book includes students, environmentalists, engineers, water scientists, civil and industrial personnel who wish to specialize in adsorption technology. Academically, this book will be of use to students in chemical and environmental engineering who wish to learn about adsorption and its fundamentals. It has also been compiled for practicing engineers who wish to know about recent developments on adsorbent materials in order to promote further research toward improving and developing newer adsorbents and processes for the efficient removal of pollutants from industrial effluents. It is hoped that the book will serve as a readable and useful presentation not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students but also for the water scientists and engineers and as a convenient reference handbook in the form of numerous recent examples and appended information.

Marine Algae Extracts 2 Volume Set

Marine Algae Extracts  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim,Katarzyna Chojnacka
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-10
ISBN : 3527679596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed as the primary reference for the biotechnological use of macroalgae, this comprehensive handbook covers the entire value chain from the cultivation of algal biomass to harvesting and processing it, to product extraction and formulation. In addition to covering a wide range of product classes, from polysaccharides to terpenes and from enyzmes to biofuels, it systematically discusses current and future applications of algae-derived products in pharmacology, medicine, cosmetics, food and agriculture. In doing so, it brings together the expertise of marine researchers, biotechnologists and process engineers for a one-stop resource on the biotechnology of marine macroalgae.

Microbe Assisted Phytoremediation of Environmental Pollutants

Microbe Assisted Phytoremediation of Environmental Pollutants Book
Author : Vineet Kumar,Gaurav Saxena
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-14
ISBN : 1000065588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbe-Assisted Phytoremediation of Environmental Pollutants: Recent Advances and Challenges provides comprehensive information on the principles and practical knowledge of microbe-assisted phytoremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants for environmental safety. This book describes the physiological, biochemical, microbiological, and molecular basis of microbe-assisted phytoremediation and contains many relevant topics to fill the gaps in developing an understanding of microbe-assisted phytoremediation of environmental pollutants. The book provides state-of-the-art knowledge on fundamental, practical, and purposeful utilization of plant-associated bacteria (plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria [PGPR] and endophytes) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for plant-growth promotion and enhanced phytoremediation of environmental pollutants in the contaminated matrix. Features: Provides a state-of-the-art overview of microbe-assisted phytoremediation Emphasizes the roles of PGPR, endophytes, and mycorrhizal fungi in assisted phytoremediation Elucidates biochemical and molecular mechanisms of microbe-assisted phytoremediation Details field studies and success stories of microbe-assisted phytoremediation Explores advances, challenges, and future directions in microbe-assisted phytoremediation The book serves as a valuable resource for researchers, ecotoxicologists, environmental scientists and engineers, environmental microbiologists and biotechnologists, environmental health and risk scientists, environmental science managers and administrators, remediation practitioners, environmental policymakers, and students at the postgraduate and doctoral levels in the relevant fields who wish to work on microbe-assisted phytoremediation of pollutants for environmental safety and sustainability.