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New Technologies For Emission Control In Marine Diesel Engines

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New Technologies for Emission Control in Marine Diesel Engines

New Technologies for Emission Control in Marine Diesel Engines Book
Author : Masaaki Okubo,Takuya Kuwahara
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-08-29
ISBN : 0128123087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Technologies for Emission Control in Marine Diesel Engines provides a unique overview on marine diesel engines and aftertreatment technologies that is based on the authors’ extensive experience in research and development of emission control systems, especially plasma aftertreatment systems. The book covers new and updated technologies, such as combustion improvement and after treatment, SCR, the NOx reduction method, Ox scrubber, DPF, Electrostatic precipitator, Plasma PM decomposition, Plasma NOx reduction, and the Exhaust gas recirculation method. This comprehensive resource is ideal for marine engineers, engine manufacturers and consultants dealing with the development and implementation of aftertreatment systems in marine engines. Includes recent advances and future trends of marine engines Discusses new and innovative emission technologies for marine diesel engines and their regulations Covers aftertreatment technologies that are not widely applied, such as catalysts, SCR, DPF and plasmas

Pounder s Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

Pounder s Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines Book
Author : Malcolm Latarche
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0081027850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pounder’s Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines, Tenth Edition, gives engineering cadets, marine engineers, ship operators and managers insights into currently available engines and auxiliary equipment and trends for the future. This new edition introduces new engine models that will be most commonly installed in ships over the next decade, as well as the latest legislation and pollutant emissions procedures. Since publication of the last edition in 2009, a number of emission control areas (ECAs) have been established by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in which exhaust emissions are subject to even more stringent controls. In addition, there are now rules that affect new ships and their emission of CO2 measured as a product of cargo carried. Provides the latest emission control technologies, such as SCR and water scrubbers Contains complete updates of legislation and pollutant emission procedures Includes the latest emission control technologies and expands upon remote monitoring and control of engines

Engine Emission Control Technologies

Engine Emission Control Technologies Book
Author : G. Amba Prasad Rao,T. Karthikeya Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-29
ISBN : 1000448991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume covers the important issues related to environmental emissions from SI and CI engines as well as their formation and various pollution mitigation techniques. The book addresses aspects of improvements in engine modification, such as design modifications for enhanced performance, both with conventional fuels as well as with new and alternative fuels. It also explores some new combustion concepts that will help to pave the way for complying with new emission concepts. Alternative fuels are addressed in this volume to help mitigate harmful emissions, and alternative power sources for automobiles are also discussed briefly to cover the switch over from fueled engines to electrics, including battery-powered electric vehicles and fuel cells. The authors explain the different technologies available to date to overcome the limitations of conventional prime movers (fueled by both fossil fuels and alternative fuels). Topics examined include: • Engine modifications needed to limit harmful emissions • The use of engine after-treatment devices to contain emissions • The development of new combustion concepts • Adoption of alternative fuels in existing engines • Switching over to electrics—advantages and limitations • Specifications of highly marketed automobiles • Emission measurement methods

NOx Emission Control Technologies in Stationary and Automotive Internal Combustion Engines

NOx Emission Control Technologies in Stationary and Automotive Internal Combustion Engines Book
Author : B. Ashok
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-09
ISBN : 0128242280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NOx Emission Control Technologies in Stationary and Automotive Internal Combustion Engines: Approaches Toward NOx Free Automobiles presents the fundamental theory of emission formation, particularly the oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and its chemical reactions and control techniques. The book provides a simplified framework for technical literature on NOx reduction strategies in IC engines, highlighting thermodynamics, combustion science, automotive emissions and environmental pollution control. Sections cover the toxicity and roots of emissions for both SI and CI engines and the formation of various emissions such as CO, SO2, HC, NOx, soot, and PM from internal combustion engines, along with various methods of NOx formation. Topics cover the combustion process, engine design parameters, and the application of exhaust gas recirculation for NOx reduction, making this book ideal for researchers and students in automotive, mechanical, mechatronics and chemical engineering students working in the field of emission control techniques. Covers advanced and recent technologies and emerging new trends in NOx reduction for emission control Highlights the effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on engine performance parameters Discusses emission norms such as EURO VI and Bharat stage VI in reducing global air pollution due to engine emissions

Plasma Processes for Renewable Energy Technologies

Plasma Processes for Renewable Energy Technologies Book
Author : Masaaki Okubo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-07
ISBN : 3039219723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of renewable energy is an effective solution for the prevention of global warming. On the other hand, environmental plasmas are one of powerful means to solve global environmental problems on nitrogen oxides, (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOC), and carbon dioxides (CO2) in the atmosphere. By combining both technologies, we can develop an extremely effective environmental improvement technology. Based on this background, a Special Issue of the journal Energies on plasma processes for renewable energy technologies is planned. On the issue, we focus on environment plasma technologies that can effectively utilize renewable electric energy sources, such as photovoltaic power generation, biofuel power generation, wind turbine power generation, etc. However, any latest research results on plasma environmental improvement processes are welcome for submission. We are looking, among others, for papers on the following technical subjects in which either plasma can use renewable energy sources or can be used for renewable energy technologies: · Plasma decomposition technology of harmful gases, such as the plasma denitrification method; · Plasma removal technology of harmful particles, such as electrostatic precipitation; · Plasma decomposition technology of harmful substances in liquid, such as gas–liquid interfacial plasma; · Plasma-enhanced flow induction and heat transfer enhancement technologies, such as ionic wind device and plasma actuator; · Plasma-enhanced combustion and fuel reforming; · Other environment plasma technologies.

Marine Engines Performance and Emissions

Marine Engines Performance and Emissions Book
Author : María Isabel Lamas Galdo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-09-02
ISBN : 303650964X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a collection of peer-review scientific papers about marine engines’ performance and emissions. These papers were carefully selected for the “Marine Engines Performance and Emissions” Special Issue of the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. Recent advancements in engine technology have allowed designers to reduce emissions and improve performance. Nevertheless, further efforts are needed to comply with the ever increased emission legislations. This book was conceived for people interested in marine engines. This information concerning recent developments may be helpful to academics, researchers, and professionals engaged in the field of marine engineering.

Modeling and Control of EGR on Marine Two Stroke Diesel Engines

Modeling and Control of EGR on Marine Two Stroke Diesel Engines Book
Author : Xavier Llamas
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2018-02-20
ISBN : 9176853683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The international marine shipping industry is responsible for the transport of around 90% of the total world trade. Low-speed two-stroke diesel engines usually propel the largest trading ships. This engine type choice is mainly motivated by its high fuel efficiency and the capacity to burn cheap low-quality fuels. To reduce the marine freight impact on the environment, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has introduced stricter limits on the engine pollutant emissions. One of these new restrictions, named Tier III, sets the maximum NOx emissions permitted. New emission reduction technologies have to be developed to fulfill the Tier III limits on two-stroke engines since adjusting the engine combustion alone is not sufficient. There are several promising technologies to achieve the required NOx reductions, Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) is one of them. For automotive applications, EGR is a mature technology, and many of the research findings can be used directly in marine applications. However, there are some differences in marine two-stroke engines, which require further development to apply and control EGR. The number of available engines for testing EGR controllers on ships and test beds is low due to the recent introduction of EGR. Hence, engine simulation models are a good alternative for developing controllers, and many different engine loading scenarios can be simulated without the high costs of running real engine tests. The primary focus of this thesis is the development and validation of models for two-stroke marine engines with EGR. The modeling follows a Mean Value Engine Model (MVEM) approach, which has a low computational complexity and permits faster than real-time simulations suitable for controller testing. A parameterization process that deals with the low measurement data availability, compared to the available data on automotive engines, is also investigated and described. As a result, the proposed model is parameterized to two different two-stroke engines showing a good agreement with the measurements in both stationary and dynamic conditions. Several engine components have been developed. One of these is a new analytic in-cylinder pressure model that captures the influence of the injection and exhaust valve timings without increasing the simulation time. A new compressor model that can extrapolate to low speeds and pressure ratios in a physically sound way is also described. This compressor model is a requirement to be able to simulate low engine loads. Moreover, a novel parameterization algorithm is shown to handle well the model nonlinearities and to obtain a good model agreement with a large number of tested compressor maps. Furthermore, the engine model is complemented with dynamic models for ship and propeller to be able to simulate transient sailing scenarios, where good EGR controller performance is crucial. The model is used to identify the low load area as the most challenging for the controller performance, due to the slower engine air path dynamics. Further low load simulations indicate that sensor bias can be problematic and lead to an undesired black smoke formation, while errors in the parameters of the controller flow estimators are not as critical. This result is valuable because for a newly built engine a proper sensor setup is more straightforward to verify than to get the right parameters for the flow estimators.

Regulatory Announcement

Regulatory Announcement Book
Author : United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Transportation and Air Quality
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is adopting emission standards for new marine diesel engines that will be installed on vessels flagged or registered in the United States. The near-term, Tier 1 standards in this rule are equivalent to the internationally negotiated emission limits for oxides of nitrogen (NOx). These standards will go into effect in 2004 and are based on readily available emission-control technology. We will also undertake another rulemaking in a few years to consider a second tier of more stringent standards. This fact sheet contains an overview of the new standards and information about the future rulemaking.

Federal Register

Federal Register Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Federal Register book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hazardous Waste Management

Hazardous Waste Management Book
Author : Zarook Shareefdeen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-22
ISBN : 3030952622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides readers with the most current knowledge on hazardous waste management practices. It addresses the rapidly changing advances in waste stream characterization and the discovery of new chemicals – which have led to new hazardous wastes, technological innovation, stringent environmental regulations, changes in transport and dispersion modelling of hazardous pollutants, and new waste management techniques. Hazardous Waste Management: Advances in Chemical and Industrial Waste Treatment and Technologies is an invaluable reference for waste management and treatment professionals, chemical engineers and technicians, medical professionals, and environmental regulators, as well as students taking courses on hazardous waste management, environmental engineering, and environmental science.

Pounder s Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines

Pounder s Marine Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines Book
Author : Doug Woodyard
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-08-18
ISBN : 9780080943619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since its first appearance in 1950, Pounder's Marine Diesel Engines has served seagoing engineers, students of the Certificates of Competency examinations and the marine engineering industry throughout the world. Each new edition has noted the changes in engine design and the influence of new technology and economic needs on the marine diesel engine. Now in its ninth edition, Pounder's retains the directness of approach and attention to essential detail that characterized its predecessors. There are new chapters on monitoring control and HiMSEN engines as well as information on developments in electronic-controlled fuel injection. It is fully updated to cover new legislation including that on emissions and provides details on enhancing overall efficiency and cutting CO2 emissions. After experience as a seagoing engineer with the British India Steam Navigation Company, Doug Woodyard held editorial positions with the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and the Institute of Marine Engineers. He subsequently edited The Motor Ship journal for eight years before becoming a freelance editor specializing in shipping, shipbuilding and marine engineering. He is currently technical editor of Marine Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery, a contributing editor to Speed at Sea, Shipping World and Shipbuilder and a technical press consultant to Rolls-Royce Commercial Marine. * Helps engineers to understand the latest changes to marine diesel engineers * Careful organisation of the new edition enables readers to access the information they require * Brand new chapters focus on monitoring control systems and HiMSEN engines. * Over 270 high quality, clearly labelled illustrations and figures to aid understanding and help engineers quickly identify what they need to know.

Diesel Emissions and Their Control

Diesel Emissions and Their Control Book
Author : Magdi K Khair
Publisher : SAE International
Release : 2006-12-30
ISBN : 0768049741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will assist readers in meeting todays tough challenges of improving diesel engine emissions, diesel efficiency, and public perception of the diesel engine. It can be used as an introductory text, while at the same time providing practical information that will be useful for experienced readers. This comprehensive book is well illustrated with more than 560 figures and 80 tables. Each main section is broken down into chapters that offer more specific and extensive information on current issues, as well as answers to technical questions.

Proceedings of Sixth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology

Proceedings of Sixth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology Book
Author : Xin-She Yang,Simon Sherratt,Nilanjan Dey,Amit Joshi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-09
ISBN : 9811617813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected high-quality research papers presented at the Sixth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology, held at Brunel University, London, on February 25–26, 2021. It discusses emerging topics pertaining to information and communication technology (ICT) for managerial applications, e-governance, e-agriculture, e-education and computing technologies, the Internet of things (IoT) and e-mining. Written by respected experts and researchers working on ICT, the book offers a valuable asset for young researchers involved in advanced studies. The book is presented in four volumes.

Diesel Engine

Diesel Engine Book
Author : Saiful Bari
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-04-30
ISBN : 9535111205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diesel engines, also known as CI engines, possess a wide field of applications as energy converters because of their higher efficiency. However, diesel engines are a major source of NOX and particulate matter (PM) emissions. Because of its importance, five chapters in this book have been devoted to the formulation and control of these pollutants. The world is currently experiencing an oil crisis. Gaseous fuels like natural gas, pure hydrogen gas, biomass-based and coke-based syngas can be considered as alternative fuels for diesel engines. Their combustion and exhaust emissions characteristics are described in this book. Reliable early detection of malfunction and failure of any parts in diesel engines can save the engine from failing completely and save high repair cost. Tools are discussed in this book to detect common failure modes of diesel engine that can detect early signs of failure.

Current Air Quality Issues

Current Air Quality Issues Book
Author : Farhad Nejadkoorki
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-10-21
ISBN : 9535121804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is thus far one of the key environmental issues in urban areas. Comprehensive air quality plans are required to manage air pollution for a particular area. Consequently, air should be continuously sampled, monitored, and modeled to examine different action plans. Reviews and research papers describe air pollution in five main contexts: Monitoring, Modeling, Risk Assessment, Health, and Indoor Air Pollution. The book is recommended to experts interested in health and air pollution issues.

Urea SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts

Urea SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts Book
Author : Isabella Nova,Enrico Tronconi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-03-14
ISBN : 1489980717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts presents a complete overview of the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by ammonia/urea. The book starts with an illustration of the technology in the framework of the current context (legislation, market, system configurations), covers the fundamental aspects of the SCR process (catalysts, chemistry, mechanism, kinetics) and analyzes its application to useful topics such as modeling of full scale monolith catalysts, control aspects, ammonia injections systems and integration with other devices for combined removal of pollutants.

Protocol of 1997 Amending MARPOL Convention

Protocol of 1997 Amending MARPOL Convention Book
Author : United States. President (2001-2009 : Bush)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Protocol of 1997 Amending MARPOL Convention book written by United States. President (2001-2009 : Bush), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Decreasing Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Gas Emissions in Transportation

Decreasing Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Gas Emissions in Transportation Book
Author : Michael Palocz-Andresen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-15
ISBN : 364211976X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within all areas of transportation, solutions for economical and environmentally friendly technology are being examined. Fuel consumption, combustion processes, control and limitation of pollutants in the exhaust gas are technological problems, for which guidelines like 98/69/EC and 99/96 determine the processes for the reduction of fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions. Apart from technological solutions, the consequences of international legislation and their effects on environmental and climate protection in the area of the transportation are discussed.

NOx Emission Study

NOx Emission Study Book
Author : Andrew D. Prior,Hannu Jääkeläinen,Janette Walsh,Transportation Development Centre (Canada),Program of Energy Research and Development,Fleetway Inc
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NOx Emission Study book written by Andrew D. Prior,Hannu Jääkeläinen,Janette Walsh,Transportation Development Centre (Canada),Program of Energy Research and Development,Fleetway Inc, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Environmental Protection Agency Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Request

The Environmental Protection Agency Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Request Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Environment and Hazardous Materials
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Environmental Protection Agency Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Request book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Environment and Hazardous Materials, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.