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New Paradigms In Computational Modeling And Its Applications

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New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications

New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications Book
Author : Snehashish Chakraverty
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-09
ISBN : 0128221682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In general, every problem of science and engineering is governed by mathematical models. There is often a need to model, solve and interpret the problems one encounters in the world of practical problems. Models of practical application problems usually need to be handled by efficient computational models. New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications deals with recent developments in mathematical methods, including theoretical models as well as applied science and engineering. The book focuses on subjects that can benefit from mathematical methods with concepts of simulation, waves, dynamics, uncertainty, machine intelligence, and applied mathematics. The authors bring together leading-edge research on mathematics combining various fields of science and engineering. This perspective acknowledges the inherent characteristic of current research on mathematics operating in parallel over different subject fields. New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications meets the present and future needs for the interaction between various science and technology/engineering areas on the one hand and different branches of mathematics on the other. As such, the book contains 13 chapters covering various aspects of computational modeling from theoretical to application problems. The first six chapters address various problems of structural and fluid dynamics. The next four chapters include solving problems where the governing parameters are uncertain regarding fuzzy, interval, and affine. The final three chapters will be devoted to the use of machine intelligence in artificial neural networks. Presents a self-contained and up to date review of modelling real life scientific and engineering application problems Introduces new concepts of various computing techniques to handle different engineering and science problems Demonstrates the efficiency and power of the various algorithms and models in a simple and easy to follow style, including numerous examples to illustrate concepts and algorithms

Soft Computing in Interdisciplinary Sciences

Soft Computing in Interdisciplinary Sciences Book
Author : S. Chakraverty
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 9811647135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soft Computing in Interdisciplinary Sciences book written by S. Chakraverty, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Echnology Assessment in Software Applications

Echnology Assessment in Software Applications Book
Author : Harold F. O'Neil, Jr.,Eva Baker,Harold F. O'Neil
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-05
ISBN : 1135442827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers an expansion of ideas presented at a recent conference convened to identify the major strategies and more promising practices for assessing technology. The authors -- representing government, business, and university sectors -- helped to set the boundaries of present technology assessment by offering perspectives from computer science, cognitive and military psychology, and education. Their work explores both the use of techniques to assess technology and the use of technology to facilitate the assessment process. The book's main purpose is to portray the state of the art in technology assessment and to provide conceptual options to help readers understand the power of technology. Technological innovation will continue to develop its own standards of practice and effectiveness. To the extent that these practices are empirically based, designers, supporters, and consumers will be given better information for their decisions.

Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images Fundamentals Methods and Applications

Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images  Fundamentals  Methods and Applications Book
Author : João Manuel R.S. Tavares,Jorge R.M. Natal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-08
ISBN : 1351377132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains keynote lectures and full papers presented at the International Symposium on Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images (CompIMAGE), held in Coimbra, Portugal, on 20-21 October 2006. International contributions from nineteen countries provide a comprehensive coverage of the current state-of-the-art in the fields of: - Image Processing and Analysis; - Image Segmentation; - Data Interpolation; - Registration, Acquisition and Compression; - 3D Reconstruction; - Objects Tracking; - Motion and Deformation Analysis; - Objects Simulation; - Medical Imaging; - Computational Bioimaging and Visualization. Related techniques also covered in this book include the finite element method, modal analyses, stochastic methods, principal and independent components analyses and distribution models. Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images will be useful to academics, researchers and professionals in Computational Vision (image processing and analysis), Computer Sciences, and Computational Mechanics.

Gesture Based Communication in Human Computer Interaction

Gesture Based Communication in Human Computer Interaction Book
Author : Antonio Camurri,Gualtiero Volpe
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-04-02
ISBN : 3540245987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on the multifaceted aspects of modeling, analysis, and synthesis of - man gesture is receiving growing interest from both the academic and industrial communities. On one hand, recent scienti?c developments on cognition, on - fect/emotion, on multimodal interfaces, and on multimedia have opened new perspectives on the integration of more sophisticated models of gesture in c- putersystems.Ontheotherhand,theconsolidationofnewtechnologiesenabling “disappearing” computers and (multimodal) interfaces to be integrated into the natural environments of users are making it realistic to consider tackling the complex meaning and subtleties of human gesture in multimedia systems, - abling a deeper, user-centered, enhanced physical participation and experience in the human-machine interaction process. The research programs supported by the European Commission and s- eral national institutions and governments individuated in recent years strategic ?elds strictly concerned with gesture research. For example, the DG Infor- tion Society of the European Commission (www.cordis.lu/ist) supports several initiatives, such as the “Disappearing Computer” and “Presence” EU-IST FET (Future and Emerging Technologies), the IST program “Interfaces & Enhanced Audio-Visual Services” (see for example the project MEGA, Multisensory - pressive Gesture Applications, www.megaproject.org), and the IST strategic - jective “Multimodal Interfaces.” Several EC projects and other funded research are represented in the chapters of this book. Awiderangeofapplicationscanbene?tfromadvancesinresearchongesture, from consolidated areas such as surveillance to new or emerging ?elds such as therapy and rehabilitation, home consumer goods, entertainment, and aud- visual, cultural and artistic applications, just to mention only a few of them.

Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning  Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Gogate, Lakshmi
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2013-02-28
ISBN : 1466629746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The process of learning words and languages may seem like an instinctual trait, inherent to nearly all humans from a young age. However, a vast range of complex research and information exists in detailing the complexities of the process of word learning. Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning: Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence strives to combine cross-disciplinary research into one comprehensive volume to help readers gain a fuller understanding of the developmental processes and influences that makeup the progression of word learning. Blending together developmental psychology and artificial intelligence, this publication is intended for researchers, practitioners, and educators who are interested in language learning and its development as well as computational models formed from these specific areas of research.

New Computational Paradigms

New Computational Paradigms Book
Author : S.B. Cooper,Benedikt Löwe,Andrea Sorbi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-28
ISBN : 0387685464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This superb exposition of a complex subject examines new developments in the theory and practice of computation from a mathematical perspective, with topics ranging from classical computability to complexity, from biocomputing to quantum computing. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematics, philosophy, and computer science with a special interest in logic and foundational issues. Most useful to graduate students are the survey papers on computable analysis and biological computing. Logicians and theoretical physicists will also benefit from this book.

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-11-19
ISBN : 9780309178891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new field of toxicogenomics presents a potentially powerful set of tools to better understand the health effects of exposures to toxicants in the environment. At the request of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Research Council assembled a committee to identify the benefits of toxicogenomics, the challenges to achieving them, and potential approaches to overcoming such challenges. The report concludes that realizing the potential of toxicogenomics to improve public health decisions will require a concerted effort to generate data, make use of existing data, and study data in new ways--an effort requiring funding, interagency coordination, and data management strategies.

Computational Intelligence Cyber Security and Computational Models Models and Techniques for Intelligent Systems and Automation

Computational Intelligence  Cyber Security and Computational Models  Models and Techniques for Intelligent Systems and Automation Book
Author : Suresh Balusamy,Alexander N. Dudin,Manuel Graña,A. Kaja Mohideen,N. K. Sreelaja,B. Malar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-28
ISBN : 9811597006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Cyber Security, and Computational Models, ICC3 2019, which was held in Coimbatore, India, in December 2019. The 9 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: computational intelligence; cyber security; and computational models.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2016

Computational Science and Its Applications     ICCSA 2016 Book
Author : Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Ana Maria A.C. Rocha,Carmelo M. Torre,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Elena Stankova,Shangguang Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-30
ISBN : 3319420925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The five-volume set LNCS 9786-9790 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2016, held in Beijing, China, in July 2016. The 239 revised full papers and 14 short papers presented at 33 workshops were carefully reviewed and selected from 849 submissions. They are organized in five thematical tracks: computational methods, algorithms and scientific applications; high performance computing and networks; geometric modeling, graphics and visualization; advanced and emerging applications; and information systems and technologies.

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease Book
Author : Luigi Nibali,Brian Henderson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1118982894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiota-associated pathology can be a direct result of changes in general bacterial composition, such as might be found in periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis, and/or as the result of colonization and/or overgrowth of so called keystone species. The disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota, or dysbiosis, plays an integral role in human health and human disease. The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease: Dysbioses as a Cause of Human Pathology discusses the role of the microbiota in maintaining human health. The text introduces the reader to the biology of microbial dysbiosis and its potential role in both bacterial disease and in idiopathic chronic disease states. Divided into five sections, the text delineates the concept of the human bacterial microbiota with particular attention being paid to the microbiotae of the gut, oral cavity and skin. A key methodology for exploring the microbiota, metagenomics, is also described. The book then shows the reader the cellular, molecular and genetic complexities of the bacterial microbiota, its myriad connections with the host and how these can maintain tissue homeostasis. Chapters then consider the role of dysbioses in human disease states, dealing with two of the commonest bacterial diseases of humanity – periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis. The composition of some, if not all microbiotas can be controlled by the diet and this is also dealt with in this section. The discussion moves on to the major ‘idiopathic’ diseases afflicting humans, and the potential role that dysbiosis could play in their induction and chronicity. The book then concludes with the therapeutic potential of manipulating the microbiota, introducing the concepts of probiotics, prebiotics and the administration of healthy human faeces (faecal microbiota transplantation), and then hypothesizes as to the future of medical treatment viewed from a microbiota-centric position. Provides an introduction to dysbiosis, or a disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota Explains how microbiota-associated pathology and other chronic diseases can result from changes in general bacterial composition Explores the relationship humans have with their microbiota, and its significance in human health and disease Covers host genetic variants and their role in the composition of human microbial biofilms, integral to the relationship between human health and human disease Authored and edited by leaders in the field, The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease will be an invaluable resource for clinicians, pathologists, immunologists, cell and molecular biologists, biochemists, and system biologists studying cellular and molecular bases of human diseases.

Soft Computing Agents

Soft Computing Agents Book
Author : Vincenzo Loia
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9784274905445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A study of soft computing agents. It seeks to: explore the development of soft computing-based agents; examine the role of soft computing-based technology in facets of agent design; and cross-fertilise ideas on the soft computing perspective to the development of agent-based systems.

PARLE 89 Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe

PARLE  89   Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe Book
Author : Martin Rem
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9783540512851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first PARLE conference, PARLE '87, attracted more than 300 participants, it was considered a useful and successful forum and encouraged the organization of this second issue known as PARLE '89. The initiative for these conferences was taken by project 415 of ESPRIT (the European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology of the Commission of the European Communities). Their scope covers central themes in the area of parallel architectures and languages, including such topics as concurrent, object-oriented, logic and functional programming; MIMD, dataflow, inference and reduction machines; design and verification of parallel systems; VLSI, WSI and RISC architectures; performance evaluation, memory management, systolic arrays, applications and special purpose architectures. The four invited lectures present the state of the art and advanced developments in major research areas related to the topics of the conference. Of the more than 150 submitted papers 45 were selected for presentation. Furthermore the program of PARLE '89 comprises presentations on the subprojects which together constitute ESPRIT project 415. Parallel architectures based on a variety of programming styles (object-oriented, logic, functional, dataflow) are represented in these overviews.

Modeling and Simulation Set

Modeling and Simulation Set Book
Author : John A. Sokolowski,Catherine M. Banks
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2009-08-31
ISBN : 9780470556009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This set features: Principles of Modeling and Simulation: A Multidisciplinary Approach by John A. Sokolowski and Catherine M. Banks (Editors) (978-0-470289499) and Modeling and Simulation for Analyzing Global Events by John A. Sokolowski and Catherine M. Banks (978-0-470-47841-7)

Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering

Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering Book
Author : Giorgio Fasano,János D. Pintér
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-23
ISBN : 1461444691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a selection of advanced case studies that address a substantial range of issues and challenges arising in space engineering. The contributing authors are well-recognized researchers and practitioners in space engineering and in applied optimization. The key mathematical modeling and numerical solution aspects of each application case study are presented in sufficient detail. Classic and more recent space engineering problems – including cargo accommodation and object placement, flight control of satellites, integrated design and trajectory optimization, interplanetary transfers with deep space manoeuvres, low energy transfers, magnetic cleanliness modeling, propulsion system design, sensor system placement, systems engineering, space traffic logistics, and trajectory optimization – are discussed. Novel points of view related to computational global optimization and optimal control, and to multidisciplinary design optimization are also given proper emphasis. A particular attention is paid also to scenarios expected in the context of future interplanetary explorations. Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering will benefit researchers and practitioners working on space engineering applications. Academics, graduate and post-graduate students in the fields of aerospace and other engineering, applied mathematics, operations research and optimal control will also find the book useful, since it discusses a range of advanced model development and solution techniques and tools in the context of real-world applications and new challenges.

Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine

Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine Book
Author : Daskalaki, Andriani
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2008-11-30
ISBN : 1605660779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book highlights the use of systems approaches including genomic, cellular, proteomic, metabolomic, bioinformatics, molecular, and biochemical, to address fundamental questions in complex diseases like cancer diabetes but also in ageing"--Provided by publisher.

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior Book
Author : Ahmed A. Moustafa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-09-11
ISBN : 1119159075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive Introduction to the world of brain and behavior computational models This book provides a broad collection of articles covering different aspects of computational modeling efforts in psychology and neuroscience. Specifically, it discusses models that span different brain regions (hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, visual cortex), different species (humans, rats, fruit flies), and different modeling methods (neural network, Bayesian, reinforcement learning, data fitting, and Hodgkin-Huxley models, among others). Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is divided into four sections: (a) Models of brain disorders; (b) Neural models of behavioral processes; (c) Models of neural processes, brain regions and neurotransmitters, and (d) Neural modeling approaches. It provides in-depth coverage of models of psychiatric disorders, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, and dyslexia; models of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy; early sensory and perceptual processes; models of olfaction; higher/systems level models and low-level models; Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning; linking information theory to neurobiology; and more. Covers computational approximations to intellectual disability in down syndrome Discusses computational models of pharmacological and immunological treatment in Alzheimer's disease Examines neural circuit models of serotonergic system (from microcircuits to cognition) Educates on information theory, memory, prediction, and timing in associative learning Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is written for advanced undergraduate, Master's and PhD-level students—as well as researchers involved in computational neuroscience modeling research.

Computational Models in Engineering

Computational Models in Engineering Book
Author : Konstantin Volkov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-11
ISBN : 1789238692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The accurate prediction of multi-physical and multi-scale physical/chemical/mechanical processes in engineering remains a challenging problem despite considerable work in this area and the acceptance of finite element analysis and computational fluid dynamics as design tools. This book intends to provide the reader with an overview of the latest developments in computational techniques used in various engineering disciplines. The book includes leading-edge scientific contributions of computational and applied mathematics, computer science and engineering focusing on the modelling and simulation of complex engineering systems and multi-physical/multi-scale engineering problems. The following topics are covered: numerical analysis and algorithms, software development, coupled analysis, multi-criteria optimization as they applied to all kinds of applied and emerging problems in energy systems, additive manufacturing, propulsion systems, and thermal engineering.

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation Book
Author : T.V. Gopal,Gerhard Jäger,Silvia Steila
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-13
ISBN : 3319559117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, TAMC 2017, held in Bern, Switzerland, in April 2017. The 45 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. The main themes of TAMC 2017 have been computability, computer science logic, complexity, algorithms, and models of computation and systems theory.