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Neutron Scattering

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Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering Book
Author : G. L. Squires
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 1107644062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A long-awaited reprint of the book that has established itself as the classic textbook on neutron scattering. It will be an invaluable introductory text for students taking courses on neutron scattering, as well as for researchers and those who would like to deepen their knowledge on the subject through self-study.

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials Book
Author : Tapan Chatterji
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-29
ISBN : 0080457053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials is a comprehensive account of the present state of the art in the use of the neutron scattering for the study of magnetic materials. The chapters have been written by well-known researchers who are at the forefront of this field and have contributed directly to the development of the techniques described. Neutron scattering probes magnetic phenomena directly. The generalized magnetic susceptibility, which can be expressed as a function of wave vector and energy, contains all the information there is to know about the statics and dynamics of a magnetic system and this quantity is directly related to the neutron scattering cross section. Polarized neutron scattering techniques raise the sophistication of measurements to even greater levels and gives additional information in many cases. The present book is largely devoted to the application of polarized neutron scattering to the study of magnetic materials. It will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers who plan to investigate magnetic materials using neutron scattering. · Written by a group of scientist who have contributed directly in developing the techniques described. · A complete treatment of the polarized neutron scattering not available in literature. · Gives practical hits to solve magnetic structure and determine exchange interactions in magnetic solids. · Application of neutron scattering to the study of the novel electronic materials.

Neutron Scattering with a Triple Axis Spectrometer

Neutron Scattering with a Triple Axis Spectrometer Book
Author : Gen Shirane,Stephen M. Shapiro,John M. Tranquada
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-02-21
ISBN : 1139431013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neutron scattering is an extremely powerful tool in the study of elemental excitations in condensed matter. This book provides a practical guide to basic techniques using a triple-axis spectrometer. Introductory chapters summarize useful scattering formulas and describe the components of a spectrometer, followed by a comprehensive discussion of the resolution function and focusing effects. Later sections include simple examples of phonon and magnon measurements, and an analysis of spurious effects in both inelastic and elastic measurements, and how to avoid them. Finally, polarization analysis techniques and their applications are covered. This guide will allow graduate students and experienced researchers new to neutron scattering to make the most efficient use of their experimental time.

Applications of Neutron Scattering to Soft Condensed Matter

Applications of Neutron Scattering to Soft Condensed Matter Book
Author : Barbara J Gabrys
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-12-21
ISBN : 9789056993009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neutrons, which are a penetrating yet non destructive probe, are ideally suited to studying the structure, organisation and motion of molecules responsible for the physical properties of materials under a variety of conditions. Applications are in fields as diverse as colloid and polymer science, earth sciences, pharmaceutics, biology and engineering. This book will be of interest to both present and potential future users of neutron sources working in these areas, as both a useful reference and a comprehensive overview.

Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering

Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Stefan Klotz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-04
ISBN : 1439835632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on the author’s practical work from the last 20 years, Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering is one of the first books to gather recent methods that allow neutron scattering well beyond 10 GPa. The author shows how neutron scattering has to be adapted to the pressure range and type of measurement. Suitable for both newcomers and experienced high pressure scientists and engineers, the book describes various solutions spanning two to three orders of magnitude in pressure that have emerged in the past three decades. Many engineering concepts are illustrated through examples of real high pressure devices that have demonstrated their capacity and have produced scientific results. After introducing basic engineering concepts related to the elastic and plastic behavior of cylindrical pressure devices, the text emphasizes mechanical and neutronic properties of construction materials. Subsequent chapters describe numerous high pressure techniques, including liquid/gas, clamp, and McWhan cells. The book also focuses on Paris-Edinburgh devices, high pressure metrology, and scientific applications.

Experimental Neutron Scattering

Experimental Neutron Scattering Book
Author : B. T. M. Willis,C. J. Carlile
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-03-23
ISBN : 0191545473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first systematic experiments in neutron scattering were carried out in the late 1940s using fission reactors built for the nuclear power programme. Crystallographers were amongst the first to exploit the new technique, but they were soon followed by condensed matter physicists and chemists. Engineers and biologists are the most recent recruits to the club of neutron users. The aim of the book is to provide a broad survey of the experimental activities of all these users. There are many specialist monographs describing particular examples of the application of neutron scattering: fifteen of such monographs have been published already in the Oxford University Press series edited by S. Lovesey and E. Mitchell. However this book will appeal to newcomers to the field of neutron scattering, who may be intimidated by the bewildering array of instruments at central facilities (such as the Institut Laue Langevin in France, the ISIS Laboratory in the UK, or the PSI Laboratory in Switzerland), and who may be uncertain as to which instrument to use.

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-22
ISBN : 0123983851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work covers in some detail the application of neutron scattering to different fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences and engineering. Its goal is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify aspects of their work in which neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. The authors of the various chapters take account of the advances in experimental techniques over the past 25 years--for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials and biological systems. Furthermore, with the third-generation spallation sources recently constructed in the United States and Japan and in the advanced planning stage in Europe, there is an increasing interest in time-of-flight techniques and short wavelengths. Correspondingly, the improved performance of cold moderators at both reactors and spallation sources has extended the long-wavelength capabilities. Chapter authors are pre-eminent in their field Seminal experiments are presented as examples Provides guidance on how to plan, execute and analyse experiments

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Thomas Brückel
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2007
ISBN : 3893364897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neutron Scattering book written by Thomas Brückel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

German Neutron Scattering Conference

German Neutron Scattering Conference Book
Author : Thomas Brückel
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2012
ISBN : 3893368078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download German Neutron Scattering Conference book written by Thomas Brückel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neutron Scattering Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering     Fundamentals Book
Author : Francisco J. Bermejo,Fernando Sordo
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-22
ISBN : 0128066482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter reviews the most significant developments that have taken place in the design, construction, and operation of new neutron sources as well as the refurbishment programs of others already serving the neutron-scattering community. Such advances in neutron production devices are to be considered in conjunction with impressive achievements in the optimization of neutron delivery systems as well as in neutron instrumentation which overall resulted in a truly remarkable improvement in neutron count rates. As a result, the capabilities of experimental neutron sources are nowadays larger than ever before, despite there being fewer sources available. It is also worth remarking the coming into line of compact, accelerator-driven neutron sources as well as work carried out at small research reactors which, as exemplified during the past decade, have played an important role in helping the large, user-based facilities to carry out development work geared toward the achievement of full performance.

Magnetic Small Angle Neutron Scattering

Magnetic Small Angle Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Andreas Michels
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0198855176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic Small-Angle Neutron Scattering provides the first extensive treatment of magnetic small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The theoretical background required to compute magnetic SANS cross sections and correlation functions related to long-wavelength magnetization structures is laidout. The concepts are scrutinized based on the discussion of experimental neutron data. Regarding prior background knowledge, some familiarity with the basic magnetic interactions and phenomena as well as scattering theory is desired.Besides exposing the different origins of magnetic SANS, and furnishing the basics of the magnetic SANS technique in early chapters, a large part of the book is devoted to a comprehensive treatment of the continuum theory of micromagnetics, as it is relevant for the study of the elastic magneticSANS cross section. Analytical expressions for the magnetization Fourier components allow to highlight the essential features of magnetic SANS and to analyze experimental data both in reciprocal, as well as in real space. Later chapters provide an overview on the magnetic SANS of nanoparticles andso-called complex systems (e.g., ferrofluids, magnetic steels, spin glasses and amorphous magnets). It is this subfield where major progress is expected to be made in the coming years, mainly via the increased usage of numerical micromagnetic simulations (Chapter 7), which is a very promisingapproach for the understanding of the magnetic SANS from systems exhibiting nanoscale spin inhomogeneity.

Neutron Scattering by Ferroelectrics

Neutron Scattering by Ferroelectrics Book
Author : V L Aksenov,N M Plakida,S Stamenkovic
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1989-11-01
ISBN : 9814507881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the recent theoretical and experimental developments of neutron scattering by ferroelectrics. A Model description of lattice dynamics of structurally unstable crystals (self-consistent phonon approximation, pseudo-spin formalism, coherent potential approximation etc.) is formulated. The effects of nonlinear excitations and lattice defects in neutron scattering are also discussed. Contents:Theory of Neutron Scattering and Lattice Dynamics at Structural Phase Transitions: Neutron Diffraction, Inelastic Scattering, Lattice Dynamics at Structural Transition, Free Energy in the Self-Consistent Phonon Theory, Structural Transitions in an Electron-Phonon SystemThe Model Description of Structural Phase Transitions: A Microscopic Model for a Structural Transition, Nonlinear Effects and Phonons, Phonons in Strongly Anharmonic Systems, Influence of Defects on a Structural Phase TransitionNeutron Scattering by Displacive Ferroelectrics: Transition at the Centre of the Brillouin Zone, Transitions on the Boundary of the Brillouin Zone, Incommensurate Transitions in Ferroelectrics, The Dynamics of Domain Walls in Uniaxial FerroelectricsNeutron Scattering by Ferroelectrics of the Order-Disorder Type: The Dynamics of Ferroelectrics with Hydrogen Bonds, The Theory of Neutron Scattering by Order-Disorder Ferroelectrics, Properties of Neutron Scattering by Hydrogen-Bonded FerroelectricsExperimental Investigation of Hydrogen-Bonded Ferroelectrics Readership: Physicists, graduate students and engineers in solid state physics. Keywords:Neutron Scattering;Ferroelectrics;Dynamics;Phase Transitions;Displacive Systems;Hydrogen Bonds;Phonons;Psudospin;Anharmonicity;Nonlinearity;Defects;Experiments

Neutron Scattering and Other Nuclear Techniques for Hydrogen in Materials

Neutron Scattering and Other Nuclear Techniques for Hydrogen in Materials Book
Author : Helmut Fritzsche,Jacques Huot,Daniel Fruchart
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-22
ISBN : 3319227920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the main nuclear characterization techniques used to study hydrogen absorption and desorption in materials. The various techniques (neutron scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, ion-beams, positron annihilation spectroscopy) are explained in detail, and a variety of examples of recent research projects are given to show the unique advantage of these techniques to study hydrogen in materials. Most of these nuclear techniques require very specialized instrumentation, and there are only a handful of these instruments available worldwide. Therefore, the aim of this book is to reach out to a readership with a very diverse background in the physical sciences and engineering and a broad range of hydrogen-related research interests. The same technique can be used by researchers interested in the improvement of the performance of hydrogen storage materials and by those focused on hydrogen ingress causing embrittlement of metals. The emphasis of this book is to provide tutorial material on how to use nuclear characterization techniques for the investigation of hydrogen in materials – information that cannot readily be found in conference and regular research papers. Provides a comprehensive overview of nuclear techniques used for hydrogen-related research Explains all nuclear techniques in detail for the non-expert Covers the whole range of hydrogen-related research Features chapters written by world-renowned experts in nuclear technique and hydrogen-related research

Spin Wave Theory and its Applications to Neutron Scattering and THz Spectroscopy

Spin Wave Theory and its Applications to Neutron Scattering and THz Spectroscopy Book
Author : Randy S Fishman,Jaime A Fernandez-Baca,Toomas Rõõm
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2018-11-05
ISBN : 1643271148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two of the most powerful tools used to study magnetic materials are inelastic neutron scattering and THz spectroscopy. Because the measured spectra provide a dynamical fingerprint of a magnetic material, those tools enable scientists to unravel the structure of complex magnetic states and to determine the microcscopic interactions that produce them. This book discusses the experimental techniques of inleastic neutron scattering and THz spectroscopy and provides the theoretical tools required to analyze their measurements using spin-wave theory. For most materials, this analysis can resolve the microscopic magnetic interactions such as exchange, anisotropy, and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Assuming a background in elementary statistical mechanics and a familiarity with the quantized harmonic oscillator, this book presents a comprehensive review of spin-wave theory and its applications to both inelastic neutron scattering and THz spectroscopy. Spin-wave theory is used to study several model magnetic systems, including non-collinear magnets such as spirals and cycloids that are produced by geometric frustration, competing exchange interactions, or Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Several case studies utilizing spin-wave theory to analyze inelastic neutron-scattering and THz spectroscopy measurements are presented. These include both single crystals and powders and both oxides and molecule-based magnets. In addition to sketching the numerical techniques used to fit dynamical spectra based on microscopic models, this book also contains over 70 exercises that can be performed by beginning graduate students.

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter Book
Author : Andrew T. Boothroyd
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 0192607057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful technique available for looking inside materials and seeing what the atoms are doing. This textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the many different ways neutrons are being used to investigate the behaviour of atoms and molecules in bulk matter. It is written in a pedagogical style, and includes many examples and exercises. Every year, thousands of experiments are performed at neutron scattering facilities around the world, exploring phenomena in physics, chemistry, materials science, as well as in interdisciplinary areas such as biology, materials engineering, and cultural heritage. This book fulfils a need for a modern and pedagogical treatment of the principles behind the various different neutron techniques, in order to provide scientists with the essential formal tools to design their experiments and interpret the results. The book will be of particular interest to researchers using neutrons to study the atomic-scale structure and dynamics in crystalline solids, simple liquids and molecular fluids by diffraction techniques, including small-angle scattering and reflectometry, and by spectroscopic methods, ranging from conventional techniques for inelastic and quasielastic scattering to neutron spin-echo and Compton scattering. A comprehensive treatment of magnetic neutron scattering is given, including the many and diverse applications of polarized neutrons.

Phase of Neutron Scattering

Phase of Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Enrico Fermi,L. Marshall
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1946
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase of Neutron Scattering book written by Enrico Fermi,L. Marshall, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neutron Scattering Lectures of the JCNS Laboratory Course held at Forschungszentrum J lich and at the Heinz Maier Leibnitz Zentrum Garching In cooperation with RWTH Aachen and University of M nster

Neutron Scattering Lectures of the JCNS Laboratory Course held at Forschungszentrum J  lich and at the Heinz Maier Leibnitz Zentrum Garching In cooperation with RWTH Aachen and University of M  nster Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2013
ISBN : 3893368809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neutron Scattering Lectures of the JCNS Laboratory Course held at Forschungszentrum J lich and at the Heinz Maier Leibnitz Zentrum Garching In cooperation with RWTH Aachen and University of M nster book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors

Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors Book
Author : Albert Furrer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-09-30
ISBN : 9780792352266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The phenomenon of superconductivity - after its discovery in metals such as mercury, lead, zinc, etc. by Kamerlingh-Onnes in 19]] - has attracted many scientists. Superconductivity was described in a very satisfactory manner by the model proposed by Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer, and by the extensions proposed by Abrikosov, Gorkov and Eliashberg. Relations were established between superconductivity and the fundamental properties of solids, resulting in a possible upper limit of the critical temperature at about 23 K. The breakthrough that revolutionized the field was made in 1986 by Bednorz and Muller with the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in layered copper-oxide perovskites. Today the record in transition temperature is 133 K for a Hg based cuprate system. The last decade has not only seen a revolution in the size of the critical temperature, but also in the myriads of research groups that entered the field. In addition, high-temperature superconductivity became a real interdisciplinary topic and brought together physicists, chemists and materials scientists who started to investigate the new compounds with almost all the available experimental techniques and theoretical methods. As a consequence we have witnessed an avalanche of publications which has never occurred in any field of science so far and which makes it difficult for the individual to be thoroughly informed about the relevant results and trends. Neutron scattering has outstanding properties in the elucidation of the basic properties of high-temperature superconductors.

Neutron Scattering Experiment Manuals of the JCNS Laborator Course held at Forschungszentrum J lich and the research reactor FRM II of TU Munich In cooperation with RWTH Aachen and University of M nster

Neutron Scattering Experiment Manuals of the JCNS Laborator Course held at Forschungszentrum J  lich and the research reactor FRM II of TU Munich In cooperation with RWTH Aachen and University of M  nster Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2012
ISBN : 389336790X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neutron Scattering Experiment Manuals of the JCNS Laborator Course held at Forschungszentrum J lich and the research reactor FRM II of TU Munich In cooperation with RWTH Aachen and University of M nster book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neutron Scattering in the nineties

Neutron Scattering in the  nineties Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neutron Scattering in the nineties book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.