Skip to main content

Neutron Scattering Magnetic And Quantum Phenomena

In Order to Read Online or Download Neutron Scattering Magnetic And Quantum Phenomena Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Neutron Scattering Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena

Neutron Scattering   Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-29
ISBN : 0128020938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena provides detailed coverage of the application of neutron scattering in condensed matter research. The book's primary aim is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify the aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. An earlier series edited by Kurt Sköld and David L. Price, and published in the 1980s by Academic Press as three volumes in the series Methods of Experimental Physics, was very successful and remained the standard reference in the field for several years. This present work has similar goals, taking into account the advances in experimental techniques over the past quarter-century, for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials of technological relevance. This volume complements Price and Fernandez-Alonso (Eds.), Neutron Scattering - Fundamentals published in November 2013. Covers the application of neutron scattering techniques in the study of quantum and magnetic phenomena, including superconductivity, multiferroics, and nanomagnetism Presents up-to-date reviews of recent results, aimed at enabling the reader to identify new opportunities and plan neutron scattering experiments in their own field Provides a good balance between theory and experimental techniques Provides a complement to Price and Fernandez-Alonso (Eds.), Neutron Scattering - Fundamentals published in November 2013

Neutron Scattering Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena

Neutron Scattering   Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena Book
Author : Felix Fernandez-Alonso,David Long Price
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Neutron Scattering Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena book written by Felix Fernandez-Alonso,David Long Price, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neutron Scattering Applications in Biology Chemistry and Materials Science

Neutron Scattering     Applications in Biology  Chemistry  and Materials Science Book
Author : Felix Fernandez-Alonso,David L Price
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 0128092300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neutron Scattering: Applications in Chemistry, Materials Science and Biology, Volume 49, provides an in-depth overview of the applications of neutron scattering in the fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences, and engineering. The book describes the tremendous advances in instrumental, experimental, and computational techniques over the past quarter-century. Examples include the coming-of-age of neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, the advent of brighter accelerator-based neutron facilities and associated techniques in the United States and Japan over the past decade, and current efforts in Europe to develop long-pulse, ultra-intense spallation neutron sources. It acts as a complement to two earlier volumes in the Experimental Methods in the Physical Science series, Neutron Scattering: Fundamentals(Elsevier 2013) and Neutron Scattering: Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena (Elsevier 2015). As a whole, the set enables researchers to identify aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required, write a successful proposal for one of the major facilities around the globe, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. Completes a three-volume set, providing extensive coverage on emerging and highly topical applications of neutron scattering Addresses the increasing use of neutrons by chemists, life scientists, material scientists, and condensed-matter physicists Presents up-to-date reviews of recent results, enabling readers to identify new opportunities and plan neutron scattering experiments in their own field

Magnetic Neutron Scattering Proceedings Of The Third Summer School On Neutron Scattering

Magnetic Neutron Scattering  Proceedings Of The Third Summer School On Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Albert Furrer
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1995-10-12
ISBN : 9814548901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The proceedings provide a topical survey of the static and dynamical magnetic properties of condensed matter studied by neutron scattering which has been the key technique in this field for a long time. The static aspects deal with the determination of long-range ordered spin structures and magnetization densities. The dynamic aspects concentrate on the determination of magnetic excitations such as spin waves and crystal-field transitions. The use of polarized-neutron techniques is particularly emphasized. All these topics are thoroughly introduced, methodically discussed, and highlighted with recent experimental results obtained for a vast variety of magnetic materials (e.g., strongly correlated electron systems, multilayers, nanocrystals, molecular complexes, etc.) by acknowledged experts. Other experimental methods (x-ray scattering, muon spin rotation) in the study of magnetism are compared to neutron scattering.

Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter Physics

Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter Physics Book
Author : Albert Furrer,Joël Mesot,Thierry Strässle
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2009-05-22
ISBN : 9813102500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neutron scattering has become a key technique for investigating the properties of materials on an atomic scale. The uniqueness of this method is based on the fact that the wavelength and energy of thermal neutrons ideally match interatomic distances and excitation energies in condensed matter, and thus neutron scattering is able to directly examine the static and dynamic properties of the material. In addition, neutrons carry a magnetic moment, which makes them a unique probe for detecting magnetic phenomena. In this important book, an introduction to the basic principles and instrumental aspects of neutron scattering is provided, and the most important phenomena and materials properties in condensed matter physics are described and exemplified by typical neutron scattering experiments, with emphasis on explaining how the relevant information can be extracted from the measurements.

Theory of Magnetic Neutron and Photon Scattering

Theory of Magnetic Neutron and Photon Scattering Book
Author : Ewald Balcar,Stephen W. Lovesey
Publisher : Clarendon Press
Release : 1989-01-19
ISBN : 019158911X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The techniques of magnetic neutron and photon scattering provide information on the electronic properties of materials that is obtainable in no other way. With both techniques information on an atomic scale is obtained on the spatial and temporal developments of the spin and current densities which are fundamental quantities in a basic understanding of magnetic phenomena. To date most magnetic scattering studies have used neutron beams, and the use of photon beams is, relatively speaking, in its infancy. This book is the first monograph devoted to the theory required for a full interpretation of magnetic scattering experiments. It is designed to meet the needs of postgraduates and researchers new to the techniques. At the same time, the requirements of theoretical chemists and physicists are catered for through chapters that present the basic formalism in detail. Special features of the book include extensive tables of quantities that occur frequently in applications of theory, and a number of worked examples.

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering Book
Author : G. L. Squires
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 1107644062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

A long-awaited reprint of the book that has established itself as the classic textbook on neutron scattering. It will be an invaluable introductory text for students taking courses on neutron scattering, as well as for researchers and those who would like to deepen their knowledge on the subject through self-study.

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter Book
Author : Andrew T. Boothroyd
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 0192607057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful technique available for looking inside materials and seeing what the atoms are doing. This textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the many different ways neutrons are being used to investigate the behaviour of atoms and molecules in bulk matter. It is written in a pedagogical style, and includes many examples and exercises. Every year, thousands of experiments are performed at neutron scattering facilities around the world, exploring phenomena in physics, chemistry, materials science, as well as in interdisciplinary areas such as biology, materials engineering, and cultural heritage. This book fulfils a need for a modern and pedagogical treatment of the principles behind the various different neutron techniques, in order to provide scientists with the essential formal tools to design their experiments and interpret the results. The book will be of particular interest to researchers using neutrons to study the atomic-scale structure and dynamics in crystalline solids, simple liquids and molecular fluids by diffraction techniques, including small-angle scattering and reflectometry, and by spectroscopic methods, ranging from conventional techniques for inelastic and quasielastic scattering to neutron spin-echo and Compton scattering. A comprehensive treatment of magnetic neutron scattering is given, including the many and diverse applications of polarized neutrons.

Neutron Interferometry

Neutron Interferometry Book
Author : Helmut Rauch,Director of Institute for Nuclear Physics Helmut Rauch,Samuel A. Werner,Millsap Distinguished Professor of Physics Samuel A Werner
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780198500278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book provides the reader with a detailed account of one of the most startling and fundamental aspect of quantum mechanics: the quantum interference of matter waves, vividly displayed in the wide assembly of neutron interferometry experiments. The book is written in a style suitable at the beginning graduate level, and will excite many students and researchers in neutron physics, optics, and atomic physics.

Quantum Theory of Magnetism

Quantum Theory of Magnetism Book
Author : Robert M. White
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 3662023601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Although it is one of the oldest physical phenomena studied, magnetism con tinues to be an active and challenging subject. This is due to the fact that mag netic phenomena represent a complex application of quantum mechanics, statistical physics, and electromagnetism. As new magnetic materials are syn thesized and new experimental conditions realized, the very fundamentals of these subjects are expanded. Thus, the Kondo effect, like superconductivity, stimulated the development of many-body techniques; spin glasses with their competing interactions are leading to advances in statistical physics; and angle and spin-resolved photoemission is probing details of transition-metal electronic states never before possible. I have not tried to incorporate all the new developments in this subject since the first edition ten years ago. My purpose is still the same - to use linear response theory to establish a common conceptual basis for understanding a variety of magnetic phenomena. Many recent developments fit into this frame work and have been included.

Electron Magnetic Resonance

Electron Magnetic Resonance Book
Author : Ashutosh Kumar Shukla
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-11
ISBN : 0128140259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Electron Magnetic Resonance: Applications in Physical Sciences and Biology, Volume 50, describes the principles and recent trends in different experimental methods of Electron Magnetic Resonance (EMR) spectroscopy. In addition to principles, experimental methods and applications, each chapter contains a complete list of references that guide the reader to relevant literature. The book is intended for both skilled and novice researchers in academia, professional fields, scientists and students without any geographical limitations. It is useful for both beginners and experts in the field of Electron Spin Resonance who are looking for recent experimental methods of EMR techniques. Features a bottoms-up approach, with each chapter opening with basic theory and principles that are followed by recent trends and applications Focuses on applications and data interpretation, thus avoiding extensive use of mathematics Includes content from scientists working with lead manufacturers of EMR machines Provides thorough comparisons of the features of each EMR machine Written by experts in ESR spectroscopy from all over the world, giving the content global appeal

Neutron Interferometry

Neutron Interferometry Book
Author : Helmut Rauch,Samuel A. Werner
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2015-01-15
ISBN : 0191021253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The quantum interference of de Broglie matter waves is probably one of the most startling and fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. It continues to tax our imaginations and leads us to new experimental windows on nature. Quantum interference phenomena are vividly displayed in the wide assembly of neutron interferometry experiments, which have been carried out since the first demonstration of a perfect silicon crystal interferometer in 1974. Since the neutron experiences all four fundamental forces of nature (strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational), interferometry with neutrons provides a fertile testing ground for theory and precision measurements. Many Gedanken experiments of quantum mechanics have become real due to neutron interferometry. Quantum mechanics is a part of physics where experiment and theory are inseparably intertwined. This general theme permeates the second edition of this book. It discusses more than 40 neutron interferometry experiments along with their theoretical motivations and explanations. The basic ideas and results of interference experiments related to coherence and decoherence of matter waves and certain post-selection variations, gravitationally induced quantum phase shifts, Berry`s geometrical phases, spinor symmetry and spin superposition, and Bell's inequalities are all discussed and explained in this book. Both the scalar and vector Aharonov-Bohm topological interference effects and the neutron version of the Sagnac effect are presented in a self-contained and pedagogical way. Interferometry with perfect crystals, artificial lattices, and spin-echo systems are also topics of this book. It includes the theoretical underpinning as well as connections to other areas of experimental physics, such as quantum optics, nuclear physics, gravitation, and atom interferometry. The observed phase shifts due to the Earth's gravity and rotation indicate a close connection to relativity theory. Neutron interferometry can be considered as a central technique of quantum optics with massive particles. It has stimulated the development of interferometry with atoms, molecules and clusters. The book is written in a style that will be suitable at the senior undergraduate and beginning of graduate level. It will interest and excite many students and researchers in neutron, nuclear, quantum, gravitational, optical, and atomic physics. Lecturers teaching courses in modern physics and quantum mechanics will find a number of interesting and historic experiments they may want to include in their lectures.

Quantum Materials Explored by Neutron Scattering

Quantum Materials Explored by Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Peter Babkevich
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This thesis describes neutron scattering experiments on strongly correlated systems exhibiting a range of emergent phenomena: antiferromagnetism, charge order, superconductivity and multiferroicity. I have examined the La_{2}CoO_{4} compound which is a Mott insulator and orders antiferromagnetically near room temperature. The La_{2}CoO_{4} sample was studied using spherical neutron polarimetry and I present magnetic structure models to describe the two antiferromagnetic phases of the compound. Furthermore, the magnetic fluctuations have been investigated using neutron time-of-flight technique. This has allowed us to extract the dominant exchange interactions in the system. More interestingly, the work on La_{2}CoO_{4} presented in this thesis provides a basis for the experimental evidence of an hourglass dispersion in La_{5/3}Sr_{1/3}CoO_{4}, previously only observed in the copper oxide based superconductors. This dispersion has been understood in terms of a stripe ordered magnetic phase and was found to be well described by a linear spin-wave model. Neutron scattering experiments were also carried out on the new iron-based high-temperature superconductors, FeSe_{x}Te_{1-x}. A range of compositions were studied, including both antiferromagnetically ordered and superconducting. Below the superconducting phase transition temperature, a spin resonance mode was found centred on the antiferromagnetic wavevector. This is an important feature shared by many unconventional superconductors. The spin resonance intensity was found to reflect the order parameter of the superconducting state. Polarised inelastic neutron scattering experiments have revealed a small anisotropy between the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic fluctuations at the resonance. This anisotropy cannot be readily explained by the usual anisotropic terms in the Hamiltonian. This could be evidence of new physics in the FeSe_{x}Te_{1-x} superconductors. Finally, I have studied CuO - a high-temperature multiferroic. Analysis of polarised neutron diffraction experiments shows that the magnetic domain population can be varied using an externally applied electric field. This unambiguously demonstrates coupling between the magnetic and ferroelectric degrees of freedom. Using representation analysis I derive the incommensurate magnetic structure in the multiferroic phase. The origin of the magnetoelectric coupling is consistent with models based on the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction.

Magnetic Measurement Techniques for Materials Characterization

Magnetic Measurement Techniques for Materials Characterization Book
Author : Victorino Franco,Brad Dodrill
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-30
ISBN : 3030704432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book discusses the most commonly used techniques for characterizing magnetic material properties and their applications. It provides a comprehensive and easily digestible collection and review of magnetic measurement techniques. It also examines the underlying operating principles and techniques of magnetic measurements, and presents current examples where such measurements and properties are relevant. Given the pervasive nature of magnetic materials in everyday life, this book is a vital resource for both professionals and students wishing to deepen their understanding of the subject.

Studies of Novel Quantum Phenomena in Ruthenates

Studies of Novel Quantum Phenomena in Ruthenates Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Strongly correlated oxides have been the subject of intense study in contemporary condensed matter physics, and perovskite ruthenates (Sr, Ca)n+1RunO3n+1 have become a new focus in this field. One of important characteristics of ruthenates is that both lattice and orbital degrees of freedom are active and are strongly coupled to charge and spin degrees of freedom. Such a complex interplay of multiple degrees of freedom causes the properties of ruthenates to exhibit a gigantic response to external stimuli under certain circumstances. Magnetic field, pressure, and chemical composition all have been demonstrated to be effective in inducing electronic/magnetic phase transitions in ruthenates. Therefore, ruthenates are ideal candidates for searching for novel quantum phenomena through controlling external parameters. The objective of this project is to search for novel quantum phenomena in ruthenate materials using high-quality single crystals grown by the floating-zone technique, and investigate the underlying physics. The following summarizes our accomplishments. We have focused on trilayered Sr4Ru3O10 and bilayered (Ca1-xSrx)3Ru2O7. We have succeeded in growing high-quality single crystals of these materials using the floating-zone technique and performed systematic studies on their electronic and magnetic properties through a variety of measurements, including resistivity, Hall coefficient, angle-resolved magnetoresistivity, Hall probe microscopy, and specific heat. We have also studied microscopic magnetic properties for some of these materials using neutron scattering in collaboration with Los Alamos National Laboratory. We have observed a number of unusual exotic quantum phenomena through these studies, such as an orbital selective metamagnetic transition, bulk spin valve effect, and a heavy-mass nearly ferromagnetic state with a surprisingly large Wilson ratio. Our work has also revealed underlying physics of these exotic phenomena. Exotic phenomena of correlated electron has been among central topics of contempary condensed matter physics. Ultrfast phase transitions accompanied by switching of conductivity or magnetization in stronly correlated materials are believed to be promising in developing next generation of transistors. Our work on layered ruthenates has remarkably advanced our understanding of how the exotic phenomena of correlated electrons is governed by the complex interplay between charge, spin, lattice and orbital degrees of freedom. In addition to studies on ruthenates, we have also expanded our research to the emerging field of Fe-based superconductors, focusing on the iron chalcogenide Fe1+y(Te1-xSex) superconductor system. We first studied the superconductivity of this alloy system following the discovery of superconductivity in FeSe using polycrystalline samples. Later, we successfuly grew high-quality single crystals of these materials. Using these single crystals, we have determined the magnetic structure of the parent compound Fe1+yTe, observed spin resonance of superconducting state in optimally doped samples, and established a phase diagram. Our work has produced an important impact in this burgeoning field. The PI presented an invited talk on this topic at APS March meeting in 2010. We have published 19 papers in these two areas (one in Nature materials, five in Physical Review Letters, and nine in Physical Review B) and submitted two (see the list of publications attached below).

Neutron Scattering Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering     Fundamentals Book
Author : David L. Price,Felix Fernandez-Alonso
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-22
ISBN : 0128066474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This introductory chapter provides a self-contained survey of the merits, strengths, and conceptual framework underpinning the use of neutrons as a probe of the structure and dynamics of materials. We also take the opportunity to illustrate important concepts using examples taken from the scientific literature, as well as establish the basic notation that will be used throughout, and listed in more detail in the List of Commonly Used Symbols.

Neutron Optics

Neutron Optics Book
Author : Varley F. Sears,Robert J. Campbell
Publisher : New York : Oxford University Press
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents the background theory and practical uses of neutron optics. Because the wave-particle duality applies to neutron beams generated in nuclear reactors, optical techniques have direct applications in this area of research. Optical instrumentation may consist of monochromators, prisms, lenses, or mirrors. The book assumes no knowledge of optics beyond undergraduate physics, and will be useful for those condensed matter physicists and chemists specializing in neutron theory and experimentation. This is the first North American volume in the newly inaugurated Oxford Series on Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter.

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials Book
Author : Tapan Chatterji
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-29
ISBN : 0080457053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neutron Scattering from Magnetic Materials is a comprehensive account of the present state of the art in the use of the neutron scattering for the study of magnetic materials. The chapters have been written by well-known researchers who are at the forefront of this field and have contributed directly to the development of the techniques described. Neutron scattering probes magnetic phenomena directly. The generalized magnetic susceptibility, which can be expressed as a function of wave vector and energy, contains all the information there is to know about the statics and dynamics of a magnetic system and this quantity is directly related to the neutron scattering cross section. Polarized neutron scattering techniques raise the sophistication of measurements to even greater levels and gives additional information in many cases. The present book is largely devoted to the application of polarized neutron scattering to the study of magnetic materials. It will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers who plan to investigate magnetic materials using neutron scattering. · Written by a group of scientist who have contributed directly in developing the techniques described. · A complete treatment of the polarized neutron scattering not available in literature. · Gives practical hits to solve magnetic structure and determine exchange interactions in magnetic solids. · Application of neutron scattering to the study of the novel electronic materials.

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering Book
Author : Gordon Leslie Squires
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781107232334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Since the advent of the nuclear reactor, thermal neutron scattering has proved a valuable tool for studying many properties of solids and liquids, and research workers are active in the field at reactor centres and universities throughout the world. This classic text provides the basic quantum theory of thermal neutron scattering and applies the concepts to scattering by crystals, liquids and magnetic systems. Other topics discussed are the relation of the scattering to correlation functions in the scattering system, the dynamical theory of scattering and polarisation analysis. No previous knowledge of the theory of thermal neutron scattering is assumed, but basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid state physics is required. The book is intended for experimenters rather than theoreticians, and the discussion is kept as informal as possible. A number of examples, with worked solutions, are included as an aid to the understanding of the text.

Technical Abstract Bulletin

Technical Abstract Bulletin Book
Author : Defense Documentation Center (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Technical Abstract Bulletin book written by Defense Documentation Center (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.