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Neurotechnology And Brain Stimulation In Pediatric Psychiatric And Neurodevelopmental Disorders

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Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book
Author : Lindsay M. Oberman,Peter G. Enticott
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-27
ISBN : 0128127783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders provides a comprehensive overview of neurotechnological devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Many neuropsychiatric disorders are covered such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Depression, Tourette’s Syndrome, and OCD. Different device-based treatments are discussed such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Deep Brain Stimulation, Chronotherapy, and Neurofeedback. Provides an overview of neuromodulatory devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents Gives evidence-based recommendations for non-drug interventions that may be effective for treatment options Discusses different neuromodulatory treatment options, including TMS, tDCS, DBS, chronotherapy and neurofeedback

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book
Author : Lindsay M. Oberman,Peter G. Enticott
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-12-03
ISBN : 2889196992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Noninvasive brain stimulation (including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Current Brain Stimulation (TCS)) can be used both experimentally and therapeutically. In the experimental domain TMS can be applied in single pulses to depolarize a small population of neurons in a targeted brain region. This protocol can be used, for example, to map cortical motor outputs, study central motor conduction time, or evaluate the cortical silent period (a measure of intracortical inhibition) all of which are relevant to neurodevelopment. TMS can also be applied in pairs of pulses (paired pulse stimulation, ppTMS) where two pulses are presented in rapid succession to study intracortical inhibition and facilitation. Trains of repeated TMS (rTMS) pulses can be applied at various stimulation frequencies and patterns to modulate local cortical excitability beyond the duration of the stimulation itself. Depending on the parameters of stimulation the excitability can be either facilitated or suppressed. TCS (including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), alternating current (tACS), and random noise current stimulation (tRNS) also have the potential to modulate cortical excitability and have also been used to study and modulate cortical activity in healthy and patient populations. The after-effects of rTMS and TCS are thought to be related to changes in efficacy (in either the positive or negative direction) of synaptic connections of the neurons being stimulated, thus these techniques have been used to study and modulate cortical plasticity mechanisms in a number of populations. Recently, researchers have begun to apply these techniques to the study of neurodevelopmental mechanisms as well as the pathophysiology and development of novel treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. Though there is much promise, caution is warranted given the vulnerability of pediatric and clinical populations and the potential that these techniques have to modify circuit development in a cortex that is in a very dynamic state. This Research Topic hopes to provide an opportunity to share ideas across areas (human and animal researchers, clinicians and basic scientists). We are particularly interested in papers that address issues of choosing a protocol (intensity, frequency, location, coil geometry etc.), populations where noninvasive brain stimulation may have direct impact on diagnostics and treatment, as well as the safety and ethics of applying these techniques in pediatric populations. As many may not be aware of the potential and limitations of noninvasive brain stimulation and its use for research and treatment in this area, this Research Topic promises to have broad appeal. Submissions for all Frontiers article types are encouraged.

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts Book
Author : Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9780916110413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Society for Neuroscience Abstracts book written by Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physiology of Behavior

Physiology of Behavior Book
Author : Neil R. Carlson
Publisher : Pearson College Division
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised edition incorporates the latest discoveries in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology and offers the most comprehensive and integrative coverage of research and theory in contemporary behavioural neuroscience.

Encyclopedia of Medical Organizations and Agencies

Encyclopedia of Medical Organizations and Agencies Book
Author : Backus,Karen Boyden
Publisher : Gale Cengage
Release : 1993-12
ISBN : 9780810382008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Medical Organizations and Agencies book written by Backus,Karen Boyden, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Government Research Directory

Government Research Directory Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Government Research Directory book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Hypothalamus Basic and Clinical Aspects Part I

Human Hypothalamus  Basic and Clinical Aspects  Part I Book
Author : Dick F. Swaab
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-12-29
ISBN : 9780444513571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the human hypothalamus has traditionally been considered part of the neuroendocrine system, it has been of little interest to neurologists. This volume creates renewed interest in the subject, highlighting groundbreaking research that links this complex part of the human brain to a variety of neurological and psychological disorders. Clinicians, researchers, and practitioners from a variety of medical fields will find this to be a comprehensive presentation of new research that applies to a variety of disorders, including their origin, diagnosis, and treatment. From groundbreaking discussions that link the human hypothalamus to attention deficits in the dementias, to its role in disorders such as narcolepsy and certain epilepsies, users will find this volume to be an invaluable resource for research and patient care. Specific information on topics including depression, eating disorders, aggression, and mental retardation are included, giving those in the field of neurology, psychiatry, endocrinology, and pediatrics a comprehensive understanding on how the human hypothalamus is related to patient disorders in these fields. * A comprehensive accounting of groundbreaking new research regarding the human hypothalamus * New insights on the hypothalamus and its role in disorders, including dementias, epilepsies, and associated psychiatric diseases * A greater understanding of how the human hypothalamus impacts research and treatment protocols in a variety of fields, including neurology, endocrinology, and psychology

The Neuroscience of Hallucinations

The Neuroscience of Hallucinations Book
Author : Renaud Jardri,Arnaud Cachia,Pierre Thomas,Delphine Pins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-25
ISBN : 1461441218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hallucinatory phenomena have held the fascination of science since the dawn of medicine, and the popular imagination from the beginning of recorded history. Their study has become a critical aspect of our knowledge of the brain, making significant strides in recent years with advances in neuroimaging, and has established common ground among what normally are regarded as disparate fields. The Neuroscience of Hallucinations synthesizes the most up-to-date findings on these intriguing auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, and somatosensory experiences, from their molecular origins to their cognitive expression. In recognition of the wide audience for this information among the neuroscientific, medical, and psychology communities, its editors bring a mature evidence base to highly subjective experience. This knowledge is presented in comprehensive detail as leading researchers across the disciplines ground readers in the basics, offer current cognitive, neurobiological, and computational models of hallucinations, analyze the latest neuroimaging technologies, and discuss emerging interventions, including neuromodulation therapies, new antipsychotic drugs, and integrative programs. Among the topics covered: Hallucinations in the healthy individual. A pathophysiology of transdiagnostic hallucinations including computational and connectivity modeling. Molecular mechanisms of hallucinogenic drugs. Structural and functional variations in the hallucinatory brain in schizophrenia. The neurodevelopment of hallucinations. Innovations in brain stimulation techniques and imaging-guided therapy. Psychiatrists, neurologists, neuropsychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, clinical psychologists, and pharmacologists will welcome The Neuroscience of Hallucinations as a vital guide to the current state and promising future of their shared field.

Biological Psychology

Biological Psychology Book
Author : Stephen B. Klein
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For sophomore/senior-level courses in Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience, Biological Psychology, Brain and Behavior, Psychobiology, or Physiological Psychology. Bringing the study of Biological Psychology to life with beautiful full color graphics, chapter-opening case studies, a solid pedagogical framework and generous use of clinical examples throughout, this text offers students with little or no background in the sciences a rich introduction into the basic concepts of the biology of behavior.

Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders Book
Author : Professor of Child Psychiatry Pediatrics and Psychology and Director Child Study Center Donald J Cohen, M D,Donald J. Cohen,Fred R. Volkmar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes the newest work on motor functioning, social cognition, brain imaging, attentional mechanisms, emotional development, language functions and new genetic findings.

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download American Book Publishing Record book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry Book
Author : Martin Brüne
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past couple of decades, studies investigating the genetic background of psychiatric disorders have mushroomed. Research into the brain mechanisms and regions of the brain involved in certain dysfunctions have greatly improved our knowledge of the relationship between brain pathology and psychopathology. By contrast, we know far less about 'why' certain individuals remain vulnerable to psychiatric disease at all, and whether they were selected by evolutionary forces or simply by-products of other species-specific characteristics. This comprehensive book presents a new integrative approach to understanding psychopathological conditions - an approach that embraces cognition, emotion, behaviour, and their nature-nurture interactions. Central to this approach is the introduction of human evolution into the psychiatric model - psychiatrists need to know why the human mind and brain evolved in the way it did. In three parts, the book presents a comprehensive account of human brain evolution in terms of physical features and function, showing how these relate to our current understanding of psychopathology. Accessibly written, the book shows how a consideration of evolutionary factors in psychiatry can improve our understanding and treatment of specific disorders such as suicidal behaviour, anorexia, and depression.

Directory of Research Grants 2001

Directory of Research Grants 2001 Book
Author : Grants Program,Oryx Publishing
Publisher : Greenwood
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9781573562690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Directory provides the most accurate and current data on funds available from foundations, private sources, and state and local organization, as well as federal sources. The lastest facts are presented on nearly 6,000 sources, including 300 programs identified for the first time. All major disciplines and subject areas are covered. The Directory provides the most accurate and current data on funds available from foundations, private sources, and state and local organization, as well as federal sources. The lastest facts are presented on nearly 6,000 sources, including 300 programs identified for the first time. All major disciplines and subject areas are covered. Programs listed include funding for basic research, materials and equipment acquisition, centers, dissertation research, faculty development, and symposiums.

Capute Accardo s Neurodevelopmental Disabilities in Infancy and Childhood Neurodevelopmental diagnosis and treatment

Capute   Accardo s Neurodevelopmental Disabilities in Infancy and Childhood  Neurodevelopmental diagnosis and treatment Book
Author : Pasquale J. Accardo,Arnold J. Capute
Publisher : Brookes Pub
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781557667564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first of two volumes comprising the third edition of the core text for certification in neurodevelopmental disabilities in pediatrics, this definitive resource prepares future clinicians to skillfully assess and treat a range of neurodevelopmental dis

Psychology in Context

Psychology in Context Book
Author : Stephen Michael Kosslyn,Robin S. Rosenberg
Publisher : Allyn & Bacon
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To be the most comprehensive neuroscience introductory psychologybook, every chapter contains much new research and cutting-edgecoverage, all accessibly presented with engaging real-world examplesthat make the material relevant and interesting to students. Studentslearn the connections between the various fields of psychology in theirintroductory course by using Kosslyn /Rosenberg 3e. They alsounderstand the science behind psychology while being motivated tolearn with student-friendly pedagogy and real world examples.Students will understand the scientific method, how to think criticallyabout research, and how to draw inferences from the results.

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Schizophrenia Bulletin Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Schizophrenia Bulletin book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders

Childhood Trauma in Mental Disorders Book
Author : Gianfranco Spalletta,Delfina Janiri,Federica Piras,Gabriele Sani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-29
ISBN : 3030494144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a comprehensive overview of childhood trauma, considering the psychopathological definition and its neurobiological implications as well as its impact on different psychiatric disorders. The focus on childhood trauma rather than that occurring in adulthood is important due to its general “neuro-psyco-socio” and its specific biological implications, since trauma during childhood impacts directly on neurodevelopment. It has been suggested that early life stress increases vulnerability to psychiatric disorders; however, the exact mechanisms of this association are not yet completely understood. Although childhood trauma could be considered too unspecific to be an important risk factor for individual psychiatric disorders since it seems to occur across the board, it impacts differently on different psychiatric disorders, and it can modulate their clinical expression. Therefore, the assessment of early trauma needs to be included in the clinical evaluation of patients with psychiatric disorders. The volume will be an invaluable tool for psychiatrists, helping them to select suitable pharmacological, psychotherapeutic and rehabilitative treatments.

Abstracts

Abstracts Book
Author : Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstracts book written by Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Developmental Psychopathology Theory and Methods

Developmental Psychopathology  Theory and Methods Book
Author : Dante Cicchetti,Donald J. Cohen
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 1995-05-01
ISBN : 9780471532439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first of two complementary volumes on developmental psychopathology, a new perspective on mental illness that ties mental disorder to normal development. Developmental psychopathology is sufficiently different from older views of mental dysfunction as to be growing as a separate subdiscipline of psychology/psychiatry. This volume covers the history, theory and methods of this new approach, including the contributions of several standard theoretical viewpoints (psychoanalytic, system, theory, organizational, information processing, cross-cultural, etc.); examines the relationship between developmental psychopathology and genetics, neuropsychology, epidemiology, and ethology; and looks at the implications for psychometric theory.

The Guide to Medical Organizations and Agencies

The Guide to Medical Organizations and Agencies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Guide to Medical Organizations and Agencies book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.