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Neurophotonics And Biomedical Spectroscopy

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Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy Book
Author : Robert R. Alfano,Lingyan Shi
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 0323480683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy addresses the novel state-of-the-art work in non-invasive optical spectroscopic methods that detect the onset and progression of diseases and other conditions, including pre-malignancy, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, tissue and cell response to therapeutic intervention, unintended injury and laser energy deposition. The book then highlights research in neurophotonics that investigates single and multi-photon excitation optical signatures of normal/diseased nerve tissues and in the brain, providing a better understanding of the underlying biochemical and structural changes of tissues and cells that are responsible for the observed spectroscopic signatures. Topics cover a wide array of well-established UV, visible, NIR and IR optical and spectroscopic techniques and novel approaches to diagnose tissue changes, including: label free in vivo and ex vivo fluorescence spectroscopy, Stoke shift spectroscopy, spectral imaging, Resonance Raman spectroscopy, multiphoton two Photon excitation, and more. Provides an overview of the spectroscopic properties of tissue and tissue-light interaction, describing techniques to exploit these properties in imaging Explores the potential and significance of molecule-specific imaging and its capacity to reveal vital new information on nanoscale structures Offers a concise overview of different spectroscopic methods and their potential benefits for solving diagnostic and therapeutic problems

Neurophotonics and Brain Mapping

Neurophotonics and Brain Mapping Book
Author : Yu Chen,Babak Kateb
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 1482236869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding how the brain works and developing effective therapeutics are important in advancing neuroscience and improving clinical patient care. Neurophotonics and Brain Mapping covers state-of-the-art research and development in optical technologies and applications for brain mapping and therapeutics. It provides a comprehensive overview of various methods developed using light, both microscopic and macroscopic techniques. Recent developments in minimally-invasive endoscopic imaging of deep brain structure and function, as well as light-based therapy are also reviewed.

Multimodal Optical Diagnostics of Cancer

Multimodal Optical Diagnostics of Cancer Book
Author : Valery V. Tuchin,Jürgen Popp,Valery Zakharov
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 3030445941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an in-depth description and discussion of different multi-modal diagnostic techniques for cancer detection and treatment using exact optical methods, their comparison, and combination. Coverage includes detailed descriptions of modern state of design for novel methods of optical non-invasive cancer diagnostics; multi-modal methods for earlier cancer diagnostic enhancing the probability of effective cancer treatment; modern clinical trials with novel methods of clinical cancer diagnostics; medical and technical aspects of clinical cancer diagnostics, and long-term monitoring. Biomedical engineers, cancer researchers, and scientists will find the book to be an invaluable resource. Introduces optical imaging strategies; Focuses on multimodal optical diagnostics as a fundamental approach; Discusses novel methods of optical non-invasive cancer diagnostics.

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy  Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies Book
Author : Ramasamy Paulmurugan,Tarik F. Massoud
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 0128215682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy: Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies brings current knowledge from an international team of experts on the science and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance. The book discusses topics such as molecular mechanisms of chemoresistance, experimental models to study chemoresistance, chemoresistance to drugs other than Temozolomide, and specific strategies to reverse chemoresistance. Additionally, it encompasses information on how to mitigate chemoresistance by targeted enhancement of p53 function. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, neuro-oncologists and other members of the biomedical field. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most invasive and malignant primary brain tumor in humans with poor survival after diagnosis, therefore it is imperative that molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant GBM cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter the resistance are comprehensively understood. Provides comprehensive, core knowledge related to the entire discipline of glioblastoma chemoresistance, from its many etiological mechanisms, to specific strategies to reverse resistance Presents current information from an international team of experts on the basic science, pre-clinical research, and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance Discusses molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant glioblastoma cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter this resistance

3D Imaging Technologies Multi dimensional Signal Processing and Deep Learning

3D Imaging Technologies   Multi dimensional Signal Processing and Deep Learning Book
Author : Lakhmi C. Jain,Roumen Kountchev,Junsheng Shi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 9811633916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents high-quality research in the field of 3D imaging technology. The second edition of International Conference on 3D Imaging Technology (3DDIT-MSP&DL) continues the good traditions already established by the first 3DIT conference (IC3DIT2019) to provide a wide scientific forum for researchers, academia and practitioners to exchange newest ideas and recent achievements in all aspects of image processing and analysis, together with their contemporary applications. The conference proceedings are published in 2 volumes. The main topics of the papers comprise famous trends as: 3D image representation, 3D image technology, 3D images and graphics, and computing and 3D information technology. In these proceedings, special attention is paid at the 3D tensor image representation, the 3D content generation technologies, big data analysis, and also deep learning, artificial intelligence, the 3D image analysis and video understanding, the 3D virtual and augmented reality, and many related areas. The first volume contains papers in 3D image processing, transforms and technologies. The second volume is about computing and information technologies, computer images and graphics and related applications. The two volumes of the book cover a wide area of the aspects of the contemporary multidimensional imaging and the related future trends from data acquisition to real-world applications based on various techniques and theoretical approaches.

Epidemiology of Brain and Spinal Tumors

Epidemiology of Brain and Spinal Tumors Book
Author : Jahangir Moini,Nicholas Avgeropoulos,Mohtashem Samsam
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 0128217553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epidemiology of Brain and Spinal Tumors provides a single volume resource on imaging methods and neuroepidemiology of both brain and spinal tumors. The book covers a variety of imaging techniques, including computed tomography (CT), MRI, positron emission tomography (PET), and other laboratory tests used in diagnosis and treatment. Detailed epidemiology, various imaging methods, and clinical considerations of tumors of the CNS make this an ideal reference for users who will also find diverse information about structures and functions, cytology, epidemiology (including molecular epidemiology), diagnosis and treatment. This book is appropriate for neuroscience researchers, medical professionals and anyone interested in a complete guide to visualizing and understanding CNS tumors. Provides the most up-to-date information surrounding the epidemiology, biology and imaging techniques for brain and spinal tumors, including CT, MRI, PET, and others Includes full color figures, photos, tables, graphs and radioimaging Contains information that will be valuable to anyone interested in the field of neurooncology and the treatment of patients with brain and spinal tumors Serves as a source of background information for basic scientists and pharmaceutical researchers who have an interest in imaging and treatment

Biophotonics Tryptophan and Disease

Biophotonics  Tryptophan and Disease Book
Author : Laura A. Sordillo,Peter P. Sordillo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-09
ISBN : 0128227915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biophotonics, Tryptophan and Disease is a comprehensive resource on the key role of tryptophan in wide range of diseases as seen by using optics techniques. It explores the use of fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman, imaging techniques and time-resolved spectroscopy in normal and diseased tissues and shows the reader how light techniques (i.e. spectroscopy and imaging) can be used to detect, distinguish and evaluate diseases. Diseases covered include cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and other age-related diseases. Biophotonics, Tryptophan and Disease offers a clear presentation of techniques and integrates material from different disciplines into one resource. It is a valuable reference for students and interdisciplinary researchers working on the interface between biochemistry and molecular biology, translational medicine, and biophotonics. Shows the key role of tryptophan in diseases Emphasizes how optical techniques can be potent means of assessing many diseases Points to new ways of understanding autism, aging, depression, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases

Biomedical Signal Processing

Biomedical Signal Processing Book
Author : Iyad Obeid,Ivan Selesnick,Joseph Picone
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-12
ISBN : 3030674940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an interdisciplinary look at emerging trends in signal processing and biomedicine found at the intersection of healthcare, engineering, and computer science. It examines the vital role signal processing plays in enabling a new generation of technology based on big data, and looks at applications ranging from medical electronics to data mining of electronic medical records. Topics covered include analysis of medical images, machine learning, biomedical nanosensors, wireless technologies, and instrumentation and electrical stimulation. Biomedical Signal Processing: Innovation and Applications presents tutorials and examples of successful applications, and will appeal to a wide range of professionals, researchers, and students interested in applications of signal processing, medicine, and biology.

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-01
ISBN : 0128051442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering is a unique source for rapidly evolving updates on topics that are at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering. Biomaterials, biomedical devices and techniques play a significant role in improving the quality of health care in the developed world. The book covers an extensive range of topics related to biomedical engineering, including biomaterials, sensors, medical devices, imaging modalities and imaging processing. In addition, applications of biomedical engineering, advances in cardiology, drug delivery, gene therapy, orthopedics, ophthalmology, sensing and tissue engineering are explored. This important reference work serves many groups working at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering, including engineering students, biological science students, clinicians, and industrial researchers. Provides students with a concise description of the technologies at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering Covers all aspects of biomedical engineering, also incorporating perspectives from experts working within the domains of biomedicine, medical engineering, biology, chemistry, physics, electrical engineering, and more Contains reputable, multidisciplinary content from domain experts Presents a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field

Nanotechnology in Cancer Management

Nanotechnology in Cancer Management Book
Author : Kamil Reza Khondakar,Ajeet Kaushik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-18
ISBN : 0128181559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology in Cancer Management: Precise Diagnostics toward Personalized Health Care provides a well-focused and comprehensive overview of technologies involved in early stage cancer diagnostics via the detection of various cancer biomarkers, both in-vitro and in-vivo. The book briefly describes the advancement in cancer biomarker research relating to cancer diagnostics, covering fundamental aspects of various techniques, especially transduction methodologies, such as electrochemical, optical, magnetic, etc. In addition, it describes approaches on how to make options cost-effective, scalable for clinical application, and user-friendly. Advancements in technology related to device miniaturization, performance improvement and point-of-care applications round out discussions. Final sections cover future challenges, the prospects of various techniques, and how the introduction of nanotechnology in cancer management in a personalized manner is useful. Includes smart sensing materials such as smart electro-active nanomaterials, sensitive transducers development, nano-enabled advanced imaging, miniaturized analytical system, and device integration and interfacing for point-of-care applications Describes each component involved in the development of an efficient cancer diagnostics system Focuses on fundamental and applied concepts of the technologies, along with the related mechanisms proposed for diagnostics of cancer Enhances fundamental understandings of the concepts and development of nanotechnology based analytical tools and novel techniques for early stage cancer diagnostics and management

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Akihiro Miyauchi,Yuji Miyahara
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 1000333744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several developed countries are facing serious problems in medical environments owing to the aging society, and extension of healthy lifetime has become a big challenge. Biomedical engineering, in addition to life sciences and medicine, can help tackle these problems. Innovative technologies concerning minimally invasive treatment, prognosis and early diagnosis, point-of-care testing, regenerative medicine, and personalized medicine need to be developed to realize a healthy aging society. This book presents cutting-edge research in biomedical engineering from materials, devices, imaging, and information perspectives. The contributors are senior members of the Research Center for Biomedical Engineering, supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. All chapters are results of collaborative research in engineering and life sciences and cover nanotechnology, materials, optical sensing technology, imaging technology, image processing technology, and biomechanics, all of which are important areas in biomedical engineering. The book will be a useful resource for researchers, students, and readers who are interested in biomedical engineering.

Spectrally Resolved Detector Arrays for Multiplexed Biomedical Fluorescence Imaging

Spectrally Resolved Detector Arrays for Multiplexed Biomedical Fluorescence Imaging Book
Author : Anna Siri Luthman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 3319982559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the design, development, characterisation and application of two novel fluorescence imaging instruments based on spectrally resolved detector arrays (SRDAs). The simplest SRDA is the standard colour camera, which integrates a Bayer filter array of red, green and blue colour filters to replicate the colour sensing capability of the human eye. The SRDAs used in this book contain many more colours, ranging from 16 to over 100 colour channels. Using these compact, robust and low-cost detectors for biomedical applications opens new avenues of exploration that were not possible before, in particular, the use of spectral imaging in endoscopy. The work presented shows for the first time that not only can this new type of camera be used for fluorescence imaging, but also that it is able to resolve signals from up to 7 different dyes – a level of multiplexing not previously achieved in tissue with such compact and robust equipment. Furthermore, it reports the application of a bimodal endoscope performing both reflectance and fluorescence imaging using these cameras in an ex vivo pig oesophagus model.

Biomedical Visualisation

Biomedical Visualisation Book
Author : Paul M. Rea
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-19
ISBN : 3030474836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book explores the use of technology to enable us to visualise the life sciences in a more meaningful and engaging way. It will enable those interested in visualisation techniques to gain a better understanding of the applications that can be used in visualisation, imaging and analysis, education, engagement and training. The reader will be able to explore the utilisation of technologies from a number of fields to enable an engaging and meaningful visual representation of the biomedical sciences, with a focus in this volume related to anatomy, and clinically applied scenarios. The first six chapters in this volume show the wide variety of tools and methodologies that digital technologies and visualisation techniques can be utilised and adopted in the educational setting. This ranges from body painting, clinical neuroanatomy, histology and veterinary anatomy through to real time visualisations and the uses of digital and social media for anatomical education. The last four chapters represent the diversity that technology has to be able to use differing realities and 3D capture in medical visualisation, and how remote visualisation techniques have developed. Finally, it concludes with an analysis of image overlays and augmented reality and what the wider literature says about this rapidly evolving field.

New Horizons in Time Domain Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy and Imaging

New Horizons in Time Domain Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy and Imaging Book
Author : Yoko Hoshi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-06-23
ISBN : 3039361007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Jöbsis was the first to describe the in vivo application of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), also called diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS). NIRS was originally designed for the clinical monitoring of tissue oxygenation, and today it has also become a useful tool for neuroimaging studies (functional near-infrared spectroscopy, fNIRS). However, difficulties in the selective and quantitative measurements of tissue hemoglobin (Hb), which have been central in the NIRS field for over 40 years, remain to be solved. To overcome these problems, time-domain (TD) and frequency-domain (FD) measurements have been tried. Presently, a wide range of NIRS instruments are available, including commonly available commercial instruments for continuous wave (CW) measurements, based on the modified Beer–Lambert law (steady-state domain measurements). Among these measurements, the TD measurement is the most promising approach, although compared with CW and FD measurements, TD measurements are less common, due to the need for large and expensive instruments with poor temporal resolution and limited dynamic range. However, thanks to technological developments, TD measurements are increasingly being used in research, and also in various clinical settings. This Special Issue highlights issues at the cutting edge of TD DOS and diffuse optical tomography (DOT). It covers all aspects related to TD measurements, including advances in hardware, methodology, the theory of light propagation, and clinical applications.

Neuroergonomics

Neuroergonomics Book
Author : Hasan Ayaz,Frederic Dehais
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 0128119276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life details the methodologies that are useful for keeping an ideal human-machine system up-to-date, along with information on how to prevent potential overload and minimize errors. It discusses neural measures and the proper methods and technologies to maximize performance, thus providing a resource for neuroscientists who want to learn more about the technologies and real-time tools that can help them assess cognitive and motivational states of human operators and close the loop for advanced human-machine interaction. With the advent of new and improved tools that allow monitoring of brain activity in the field and better identification of neurophysiological markers that can index impending overload or fatigue, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Includes neurobiological models to better understand risky decision-making and cognitive countermeasures, augmented cognition, and brain stimulations to enhance performance and mitigate human error Features innovative methodologies and protocols using psychophysiological measurements and brain imaging techniques in realistic operational settings Discusses numerous topics, including cognitive performance in psychological and neurological disorders, brain computer interfaces (BCI), and human performance monitoring in ecological conditions, virtual reality, and serious gaming

Datasets for Brain Computer Interface Applications

Datasets for Brain Computer Interface Applications Book
Author : Ian Daly,Ana Matran-Fernandez,Davide Valeriani,Mikhail Lebedev,Andrea Kübler
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-11-25
ISBN : 2889716945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Datasets for Brain Computer Interface Applications book written by Ian Daly,Ana Matran-Fernandez,Davide Valeriani,Mikhail Lebedev,Andrea Kübler, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Neuroscience of Pain Anesthetics and Analgesics

The Neuroscience of Pain  Anesthetics  and Analgesics Book
Author : Rajkumar Rajendram,Vinood B. Patel,Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-13
ISBN : 0323903134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neuroscience of Pain, Anesthetics and Analgesics examines the syndromes of pain and how they interlink with anesthesia and analgesics. The book covers assessments, screening and resources, and provides applications to related areas of medicine. It explores how the perception of pain results from a multifaceted interaction between illness beliefs, age, gender, time of onset, stress, socioeconomic status, and other factors. In addition, it scrutinizes how the neuroscience of pain in one condition may be relevant to understanding pain observed in other conditions. Sections address the onset of pain, the cause of pain, and the administration of analgesia or anesthesia. The book works to clarify all of the subjects pertinent to anesthesia and the brain. Featuring chapters on neurotransmitters, pharmacology and brain imaging, this volume discusses the mechanisms of pain and experimental studies undertaken to better understand the pathways involved. Includes content on the features and assessments of pain, anesthesia and analgesia Provides a mini-dictionary of terms and summary points that succinctly encapsulate each chapter Covers a broad range of topics related to the neuroscience of analgesics and anesthetics Helps readers navigate key areas for research and further clinical recommendations Features chapters on molecular pathways, imaging and a deep look at behavior associated with the experience of pain

Assessing Complexity in Physiological Systems through Biomedical Signals Analysis

Assessing Complexity in Physiological Systems through Biomedical Signals Analysis Book
Author : Paolo Castiglioni,Luca Faes,Gaetano Valenza
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 3039433687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity is a ubiquitous phenomenon in physiology that allows living systems to adapt to external perturbations. Fractal structures, self-organization, nonlinearity, interactions at different scales, and interconnections among systems through anatomical and functional networks, may originate complexity. Biomedical signals from physiological systems may carry information about the system complexity useful to identify physiological states, monitor health, and predict pathological events. Therefore, complexity analysis of biomedical signals is a rapidly evolving field aimed at extracting information on the physiological systems. This book consists of 16 contributions from authors with a strong scientific background in biomedical signals analysis. It includes reviews on the state-of-the-art of complexity studies in specific medical applications, new methods to improve complexity quantifiers, and novel complexity analyses in physiological or clinical scenarios. It presents a wide spectrum of methods investigating the entropic properties, multifractal structure, self-organized criticality, and information dynamics of biomedical signals touching upon three physiological areas: the cardiovascular system, the central nervous system, the heart-brain interactions. The book is aimed at experienced researchers in signal analysis and presents the latest trends in the complexity methods in physiology and medicine with the hope of inspiring future works advancing this fascinating area of research.

Biomedical Signal Processing

Biomedical Signal Processing Book
Author : Ganesh Naik
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-12
ISBN : 9811390975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports on the latest advances in the study of biomedical signal processing, and discusses in detail a number of open problems concerning clinical, biomedical and neural signals. It methodically collects and presents in a unified form the research findings previously scattered throughout various scientific journals and conference proceedings. In addition, the chapters are self-contained and can be read independently. Accordingly, the book will be of interest to university researchers, R&D engineers and graduate students who wish to learn the core principles of biomedical signal analysis, algorithms, and applications, while also offering a valuable reference work for biomedical engineers and clinicians who wish to learn more about the theory and recent applications of neural engineering and biomedical signal processing.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Child Development

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Child Development Book
Author : Brian Hopkins,Elena Geangu,Sally Linkenauger
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-10-19
ISBN : 110710341X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Updated and expanded to 124 entries, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Child Development remains the authoritative reference in the field.