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Neuroepidemiology In Tropical Health

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Neuroepidemiology in Tropical Health

Neuroepidemiology in Tropical Health Book
Author : Pierre-Marie Preux,Michel Dumas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 9780128046074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

8.2.6 Rheumatic Fever and Rhematic Heart Disease

Neuroepidemiology in Tropical Health

Neuroepidemiology in Tropical Health Book
Author : Pierre-Marie Preux,Michel Dumas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-21
ISBN : 0128046252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroepidemiology in Tropical Health covers major neurological diseases of relevance in tropical settings and examines the specificities of epidemiology of neurological diseases in the context of tropical countries that face many challenges when compared to the developed world. Part One focuses on methods and their eventual specificities, and how such methods, like sampling, can be adapted for specific scenarios. Parts Two and Three discuss environmental factors and their consequences for neurology in the tropical world, as well as large geographical areas and their specificities. Finally, Part Four presents relevant neurological diseases in in-depth chapters. This invaluable information will help readers recognize the various neurological conditions presented, with the inclusion of their aetiologies and treatment in tropical areas. The book therefore fills a gap in the neuroepidemiology literature, with chapters written by an international collection of experienced authors in the field. Highlights differences and similarities between neuroepidemiology in tropical areas and temperate zones with a focus on methods and underlying factors Covers environmental factors in the tropical world and their consequences for neurology Chapters include references (key articles, books, protocols) for additional detailed study Includes wide topics of neurological disease in the tropics, not only infectious diseases, but also nutrition and public health

Cuban Blindness

Cuban Blindness Book
Author : Gustavo C. Román
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-30
ISBN : 0128041196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On May 4, 1993, Cuba asked the international health community and the World Health Organization (WHO) to find the cause of a mysterious epidemic of blindness that was spreading uncontrollably. Contradictory hypotheses confronted the team of scientists on this mission. Is the epidemic the result of a plot to topple Castro, as the Cubans believe? Or exposure to radioactivity or an unidentified nerve toxin accidentally released by the Russian Army withdrawing from Cuba? Cuban Blindness: Diary of a Mysterious Epidemic Neuropathy is a firsthand account of the epidemic of blindness and the hardships of life in Cuba at the time of the "special period" that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the tightening of the US embargo. Dr. Román—who was at the time Chief of Neuroepidemiology at the US National Institutes of Health—was a participant in this scientific mission and describes the neurological symptoms experienced by the victims of this epidemic disease, and narrates the epidemiologists’ detective work struggling to solve the mystery. This book combines neuroscience and scientific discovery with political intrigue, finally bringing the reader to the unexpected solution provided by a WWII survivor of Changi POW Camp in Singapore. Cuban Blindness: Diary of a Mysterious Epidemic Neuropathy is a description of the neuroepidemiological study undertaken to identify the cause of the epidemic neurological disease that affected Cuba in 1993-1994. Summarizes clinical manifestations in prototypical case reports Analyzes possible neurological and neuroepidemiological causes from possible viruses to toxins Discusses the health ramifications of political decisions surrounding the Cuban Embargo Describes the implementation of treatment and preventive measures

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology Book
Author : Devender Bhalla,Michel Dumas,Pierre-Marie Preux
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-03
ISBN : 0128079622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filarial infections cause a huge public health burden wherever they are endemic. These filaria may locate anywhere in the human body. Their manifestations and pathogenic mechanisms, except the most common ones, are rarely investigated systematically. Their neurological manifestations, however, are being increasingly recognized particularly with onchocerciasis or Loa loa infections, Wuchereria bancrofti, or Mansonella perstans. The risk of developing these manifestations may also increase in cases that harbor multiple filariasis or coinfections, for instance as with Plasmodium. The microfilaria of Onchocerca and Loa loa are seen in cerebrospinal fluid. The pathogenesis of neurological manifestations of these infections is complex; however, pathogenic reactions may be caused by mechanical disruption, e.g., degeneration often followed by granulomas, causing fibrosis or mass effects on other tissues, vascular lesions, e.g., vascular block of cerebral vessels, or disordered inflammatory responses resulting in meningitis, encephalitis or localized inflammatory responses. The chances of having neurological manifestations may also depend upon the frequency and“heaviness”of infection over a lifetime. Hence, this type of infection should no longer be considered a disease of the commonly affected areas but one that may produce systemic effects or other manifestations, and these should be considered in populations where they are endemic.

Neuroepidemiology

Neuroepidemiology Book
Author : Gerard Meurant
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323138519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a collection of neuroepidemiology papers, this book captures the range and excitement of the discipline. Researchers in the field have been at the forefront in the study of slow viruses, retroviral epidemiology, chronic neuroloical diseases, as well as injuries and other disabilities of the neurological system. The intersection of epidemiology, neurology, and behavioral/social science is a unique feature of this book. Furthermore, Molgaard's collection differs from similar titles in that it focuses on minorities and international work in neuroepidemiology. * Covers the patterns and risk factors of the epidemiology of neurologic disease and disorders * Studies chronic disease epidemiology * Presents research methods in public health

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology Book
Author : Hector H. Garcia,Herbert B. Tanowitz,Oscar H. Del Brutto
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-03
ISBN : 0444534997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology, a new volume in The Handbook of Clinical Neurology, provides a comprehensive and contemporary reference on parasitic infections of the human nervous system. Parasitic infections are varied and some are resolved by the host’s immune system, other infections may become established even though unnoticed, and some cause severe disease and death. In our modern world, neuroparasitoses are no longer geographically isolated and these infections now appear worldwide. Outside of a very few well understood pathologies, most parasitic infections have been neglected in the neurological literature and most neurologists have never diagnosed such an infection. This volume details how, with the advent of modern neuroimaging techniques, improved diagnostic applications of molecular biology, more accurate immunodiagnosis, and minimally invasive neurosurgery, human nervous system parasitoses are now diagnosed and treated, with increasing frequency. The book is divided into six sections, and begins with an introduction to the mechanisms of infection, diagnosis, and pathology of parasitic diseases. Subsequent chapters detail protozoan diseases and a section covering each of the major classes of human-infecting helminths: nematodes (roundworms), trematodes (flukes), and cestodes (tapeworms). The final section contains chapters on other important areas of tropical clinical medicine including the neurological complications of venomous bites and tropical nutritional deficiencies. Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology will be of interest to neurologists, neurosurgeons and other health professionals encountering patients with parasitic infections. A comprehensive reference resource on the diagnosis and treatment of parasitic infections of the human nervous system Focuses on the impact of modern neuroimaging techniques, improved diagnostic applications of molecular biology, more accurate immunodiagnosis, and minimally invasive neurosurgery to diagnose parasitoses International list of contributors including the leading workers in the field

Global and Domestic Public Health and Neuroepidemiology An Issue of the Neurologic Clinics E Book

Global and Domestic Public Health and Neuroepidemiology  An Issue of the Neurologic Clinics  E Book Book
Author : David Younger
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2016-10-08
ISBN : 0323477097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of Neurologic Clinics, edited by Dr. David Younger, is focused on Global and Domestic Public Health and Neuroepidemeiology. Topics covered in the issue include, but are not limited to research methods; gene-environment interplay; Alzheimer disease; headache disorders; multiple sclerosis and related disorders; lyme neuroborreliosis; cerebrovascular disease; neuro-oncology; community health needs assessment; and neurologic public health in the BRICS.

Tropical Neurology

Tropical Neurology Book
Author : U.K. Misra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-01-01
ISBN : 1498713432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical neurology refers to those diseases of the nervous system which prevail in between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Developments in speed and ease of travel and globalisation of economy have resulted in large scale migration rendering the boundaries of tropical regions less distinct. Wars, famines, natural disasters and economic sanctio

Environmental Factors in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Environmental Factors in Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-19
ISBN : 0128127651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Factors in Neurodegenerative Diseases, Volume One addresses contemporary advances in neurotoxicology, with thematic volumes providing authoritative review articles on key issues in the field. Updates in this new volume include chapters on Air pollution and neurodegenerative diseases, Mercury and Parkinson’s disease, Pesticides and PD: current evidence, Aluminum and neurodegeneration, Microglia and neurodegeneration, Dietary factors, Mitochondria in neurodegeneration, and Manganese and neurodegeneration. Edited by leading experts, volumes are designed as in-depth overviews of the latest topic developments that analyze the effect of varied chemical agents on the nervous system. It is an essential resource for researchers and graduate students alike. Includes, in one single publication, a selection of comprehensive reviews devoted to neurotoxicology Edited by high-profile, leading academics in the field, ensuring a quality publication for subscribers Aims to widen the scope for participation by international contributors, researchers and editorial board members outside North America Serves a broad audience of university faculty, researchers and students, as well as the industry, drug development companies and the government

Epilepsy

Epilepsy Book
Author : Ennapadam S. Krishnamoorthy,Simon D. Shorvon,Steven C. Schachter
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-04-06
ISBN : 1107035376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to epilepsy compares and contrasts scientific knowledge, clinical experience and social consciousness between Western and non-Western cultures, enhancing transcultural understanding and providing a paradigm for an integrative, truly global health policy for this disorder. Topics covered include pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of epilepsy; care models and traditional medical systems; service organization in resource-limited countries; cultural perspectives on consequences of epilepsy; social, anthropological, economic, political, and spiritual issues related to living with epilepsy; infectious and non-infectious causes and risk-factors; region-specific syndromes. Uniquely drawing attention to both a medical perspective and the burden of living with epilepsy, this is a must-have reference work for epileptologists, neurologists, epidemiologists, medical policymakers and health administrators in both the developed and developing world.

New Challenges from Infectious Diseases

New Challenges from Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Challenges from Infectious Diseases book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuroepidemiology

Neuroepidemiology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuroepidemiology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Epilepsy in the Tropics

Epilepsy in the Tropics Book
Author : J.M.K. Murthy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-06-01
ISBN : 1498713467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Epilepsy in the Tropics book written by J.M.K. Murthy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Right Therapy for Neurological Disorders

The Right Therapy for Neurological Disorders Book
Author : E. Beghi,G. Logroscino
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 3318058653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most neurological disorders are chronic and aging-related. With the increase of life expectancy their incidence and prevalence will grow in the decades to come, which in turn will increase the load on medical and social systems worldwide. There is thus a desperate need for successful preventive and therapeutic measures based on randomized clinical trials (RTCs) conducted by independent organizations. This book provides a compendium relating most of the principles of reliable RTCs to specific neurological diseases. Contributed by specialized neurologists, the articles touch on important aspects of RCTs with a clear critical approach, highlighting their limitations as well as giving recommendations for their planning and conducting to address the variable genotypic and phenotypic aspects of neurological conditions. Consideration is also given to combining the clinical impact of the study results with patients’ values and the interests of pharmaceutical companies. Neurologists involved in clinical trials will certainly benefit from this book, which should become a basic text for all neurological courses dealing with evidence-based neurology.

Epilepsy New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2012 Edition

Epilepsy  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2012 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-12-10
ISBN : 1464970149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epilepsy: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Epilepsy. The editors have built Epilepsy: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Epilepsy in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Epilepsy: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Tropical Neurology

Tropical Neurology Book
Author : Raad A. Shakir,Peter K. Newman,Charles M. Poser
Publisher : Bailliere Tindall Limited
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A team of expert authors presents techniques for the diagnosis and management of tropical neurological conditions in this concise, practical, and readable resource. Sections cover viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and environmental conditions, in addition to some conditions that are not exclusively tropical, such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. Also addresses the particular concerns of physicians who have limited access to high-tech medical facilities.

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology Book
Author : Gustavo C. Román
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-03
ISBN : 0128079746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

About three-fourths of the total world population live in the tropics but consume only 6% of worldwide food production and contribute 15% of the world's net revenue explaining the short life expectancy, high infantile mortality, and poor daily caloric intake; moreover, lack of clean drinking water and deficient sanitation promote water-borne infections, diarrhea, and risk of malabsorption that contribute to the prevalence of malnutrition in the tropics. One-third of the world's population consumes insufficient iodine increasing the risk for mental retardation and deafness due to maternal hypothyroidism. The main nutritional syndromes comprise protein-energy malnutrition (marasmus and kwashiorkor); nutritional neuropathies, myelopathies and neuromyelopathies, as well as specific deficiencies of vitamins and micronutrients including iodine, iron, zinc, and selenium.

Evaluation of PEPFAR s Contribution 2012 2017 to Rwanda s Human Resources for Health Program

Evaluation of PEPFAR s Contribution  2012 2017  to Rwanda s Human Resources for Health Program Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Global Health,Committee on the Evaluation of Strengthening Human Resources for Health Capacity in the Republic of Rwanda Under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-06-22
ISBN : 0309672058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 2004, the U.S. government has supported the global response to HIV/AIDS through the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The Republic of Rwanda, a PEPFAR partner country since the initiative began, has made gains in its HIV response, including increased access to and coverage of antiretroviral therapy and decreased HIV prevalence. However, a persistent shortage in human resources for health (HRH) affects the health of people living with HIV and the entire Rwandan population. Recognizing HRH capabilities as a foundational challenge for the health system and the response to HIV, the Government of Rwanda worked with PEPFAR and other partners to develop a program to strengthen institutional capacity in health professional education and thereby increase the production of high-quality health workers. The Program was fully managed by the Government of Rwanda and was designed to run from 2011 through 2019. PEPFAR initiated funding in 2012. In 2015, PEPFAR adopted a new strategy focused on high-burden geographic areas and key populations, resulting in a reconfiguration of its HIV portfolio in Rwanda and a decision to cease funding the Program, which was determined no longer core to its programming strategy. The last disbursement for the Program from PEPFAR was in 2017. Evaluation of PEPFAR's Contribution (2012-2017) to Rwanda's Human Resources for Health Program describes PEPFAR-supported HRH activities in Rwanda in relation to programmatic priorities, outputs, and outcomes and examines, to the extent feasible, the impact on HRH and HIV-related outcomes. The HRH Program more than tripled the country's physician specialist workforce and produced major increases in the numbers and qualifications of nurses and midwives. Partnerships between U.S. institutions and the University of Rwanda introduced new programs, upgraded curricula, and improved the quality of teaching and training for health professionals. Growing the number, skills, and competencies of health workers contributed to direct and indirect improvements in the quality of HIV care. Based on the successes and challenges of the HRH program, the report recommends that future investments in health professional education be designed within a more comprehensive approach to human resources for health and institutional capacity building, which would strengthen the health system to meet both HIV-specific and more general health needs. The recommendations offer an aspirational framework to reimagine how partnerships are formed, how investments are made, and how the effects of those investments are documented.

Oxford Textbook of Neurologic and Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology

Oxford Textbook of Neurologic and Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology Book
Author : Carol Brayne,Professor of Public Health Medicine and Director of the Cambridge University Department of Public Health Carol Brayne,Director National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neuroscience (Nisan) Valery Feigin,Valery Feigin,Lenore Launer,Giancarlo Logroscino
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 019874949X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Textbook of Neurologic and Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology focuses on the overlaps between neuro-epidemiological disorders. Harmonising cohort studies to determine causes related to rarer disorders, this key work is an invaluable reference to current neuro-epidemiological methods.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research Awards Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.