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Neuroendocrine Regulation Of Animal Vocalization

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Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization Book
Author : Cheryl S. Rosenfeld,Frauke Hoffmann
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0128151617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization: Mechanisms and Anthropogenic Factors in Animal Communication examines the underpinning neuroendocrine (NE) mechanisms that drive animal communications across taxa. Written by international subject experts, the book focuses on the importance of animal communication in survival and reproduction at an individual and species level, along with the impact the increased production and accumulation of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can have on disturbing these normal regulatory processes. Sections cover sound production, perception, processing and response across a range of animals, including fish, bats, birds, non-human primates and infant humans. Each chapter covers the physiology of the animal’s perceptive organs, auditory receptors and pathways, analyzing how neuroactive substances, endocrine control and chemical changes in the environment affects these factors. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students seeking first-rate material on the neuroendocrinological effects of animal behavior and communication. Presents the most comprehensive cross-taxa study of its kind Revolutionary in its focus on the impacts of EDCs in the regulatory processes guiding animal communication Discusses intra- and inter-sexually selected traits Emphasizes the importance of acoustic vocalization perception and processing for survival Analyzes recent governmental policies and the subsequent effects of EDCs on humans and wildlife

The Neuroendocrine Regulation of Behavior

The Neuroendocrine Regulation of Behavior Book
Author : Jay Schulkin,Research Professor of Physiology and Biophysics Jay Schulkin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780521459853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this text Jay Schulkin discusses and emphasizes the important roles of steroids and neuropeptides in the regulation of behavior. The guiding principle behind much of the research and insights that are presented in the book is the concept of using certain model animal systems to study how hormones influence the brain. The results from these model systems can then be used to generalize the information obtained and apply it to other animals and humans. Senior undergraduate and graduate students in neuroscience, endocrinology, psychology, and physiology will find this text a useful guide to the role of hormones in behavior. It should be of use to colleagues in the field and medical health-care professionals.

Neuroendocrine Regulation and Altered Behaviour

Neuroendocrine Regulation and Altered Behaviour Book
Author : Pavel D. Hrdina,Radhey L. Singhal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468440675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ill recent years, it has become clearly recognized that many behavioural disturb ances and psychiatric illnesses are intimately associated with alterations in neuroendocrine function. This volume is designed to provide a thorough, up-to date review of our current knowledge of the neuroendocrine correlates of altered behaviour in man and experimental animals. Particular emphasis has been focused on the mechanisms which may underlie the coupling of mental functions with endocrine changes and the possible common links in the central regulation of both endocrine and psychic activities. One of the main objectives of this book is to consider both the experimental and clinical approaches in studying the interrelationship between neuroendocrine regulation and altered behaviour, and to assess its importance in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. The book has been organized into four major sections which focus on: (i) the role of pituitary hormones in the regulation of CNS function; (ii) the relationship between brain endorphin systems, psychotropic drugs and neuroendocrine regulation; (iii) the importance of neuroendocrine regulation in the pathogenesis of mental disorders; and (iv) biological markers of altered mental function. Each chapter is organized for ease of comprehension as well as for rapid retrieval of progress and essential information concerning the neuroendocrine basis of altered behaviour and psychiatric illnesses. The contributing authors were selected because of their widely recognized expertise in the field.

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Behavior

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Behavior Book
Author : Lique M. Coolen,David R. Grattan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-02
ISBN : 3030387208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special volume provides twelve contributions that discuss different aspects of social and endocrine behaviors with an emphasis on the neural regulation of these behaviors. In addition, several review chapters address the neural plasticity that results from exposure to hormones or the experiences with the behavior. Finally, each of the contributions emphasizes future directions and incorporation of newly developed neuroscience techniques and approaches.

Neuroendocrine Control of Feeding Behavior

Neuroendocrine Control of Feeding Behavior Book
Author : Serge H. Luquet,Riccarda Granata,Hubert Vaudry
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 2889632024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hypothalamus plays a crucial role in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis. Hypothalamic neuronal circuits thus represent a privileged target for the treatment of eating disorders and metabolic diseases. The present eBook constitutes a unique collection of research articles and reviews that highlight new concepts and recent findings about the neuroendocrine control of feeding behavior.

The Neuroendocrine Control of Adaptation

The Neuroendocrine Control of Adaptation Book
Author : K. Lissák,E. Endröczi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483150356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neuroendocrine Control of Adaptation examines the mechanisms underlying the neuroendocrine control of adaptation. Topics covered include the anatomical and functional relationships between the adenohypophysis and the adrenal cortex; adrenocortical secretion at rest and under stress; ""specific adaptation"" in pituitary-adrenocortical function; and humoral regulation of the release of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The link between pituitary-adrenocortical and sexual activities with regard to the regulation of the central nervous system is also discussed. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins with an analysis of the anatomical and functional connections between the adenohypophysis and the adrenal cortex, followed by a review of ACTH secretion at rest and under stress. Subsequent chapters explore humoral regulation of ACTH release; functional connections between the hypothalamus and the adenohypophysis, with emphasis on their role in the regulation of ACTH secretion; the function of the pituitary-adrenocortical system during development; and some physiological and pathological problems concerning the link between higher nervous activity and the pituitary-adrenocortical system. This monograph will be of particular value to physiologists.

Hormones and Animal Social Behavior

Hormones and Animal Social Behavior Book
Author : Elizabeth Adkins-Regan
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2005-08-07
ISBN : 9780691092478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research into the lives of animals in their natural environments has revealed a rich tapestry of complex social relationships and previously unsuspected social and mating systems. The evolution of this behavior is increasingly well understood. At the same time, laboratory scientists have made significant discoveries about how steroid and peptide hormones act on the nervous system to shape behavior. An exciting and rapidly progressing hybrid zone has developed in which these two fields are integrated, providing a fuller understanding of social behavior and the adaptive functions of hormones. This book is a guide to these fascinating connections between animal social behavior and steroid and peptide hormones--a synthesis designed to make it easier for graduate students and researchers to appreciate the excitement, engage in such integrative thinking, and understand the primary literature. Throughout, Elizabeth Adkins-Regan emphasizes concepts and principles, hypothesis testing, and critical thinking. She raises unanswered questions, providing an unparalleled source of ideas for future research. The chapter sequence is by levels of biological organization, beginning with the behavior and hormones of individuals, proceeding to social relationships and systems, and from there to development, behavioral evolution over relatively short time scales, life histories and their evolution, and finally evolution over longer time scales. The book features studies of a wide variety of wild and domestic vertebrates along with some of the most important invertebrate discoveries.

Preoptic Mechanisms of Social Behavior Plasticity

Preoptic Mechanisms of Social Behavior Plasticity Book
Author : Joel Adam Tripp
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A central challenge animals face is finding a mate and reproducing to pass on genes to offspring. Doing this often requires the performance of several related behaviors that may include territory defense, courtship, mating, and parental care. Individuals must perform these behaviors in a species- and context-appropriate manner or risk losing fitness. Together, hormones and the brain act to coordinate these social behaviors. Due to the extreme degree of intrasexual variation they express, species with alternative reproductive tactics make excellent models for investigating the neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying plasticity in reproductive behavior. I have worked with one of these species, the plainfin midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus), to investigate the role of a neuroendocrine center of the brain, the preoptic area-anterior hypothalamus (POA-AH), in regulating alternative spawning tactics and reproductive-related behaviors. Midshipman males develop into either of two fixed alternate morphs: type I males which may engage in courtship or cuckoldry and type II males which engage in cuckoldry only. These alternate morphs, coupled with type I male behavioral flexibility, have allowed me to better understand how POA-AH function is influenced both by developmental history and behavioral context. I have examined the role of the POA-AH in these tactics at the level of gene expression, neuroanatomy, and neural activity during behavior. First, I used RNA-sequencing to identify that during spawning type I males engaged in the cuckolding tactic had a more similar pattern of transcript expression in the POA-AH to cuckolding type II males than to courting type I males. This revealed that current behavioral tactic was more strongly associated with POA-AH transcript expression than was developmental morph. Additionally, I was able to identify a small set of differentially expressed transcripts involved in hormone signaling that included the neuropeptide galanin, which has an established role in mating, and is a marker for neurons that control parental care behaviors. Next, I found that the anatomy of galanin-expressing neurons is highly sexually polymorphic, with subtle differences between male morphs but extreme differences between males and females. Their location in the POA-AH and projection patterns make them well positioned to influence social behaviors, especially male-specific behaviors. Finally, I investigated the activity of these neurons during spawning and related behaviors, using phosphorylated S6 protein to label galanin-expressing cells that had recently been active. I found that these neurons are active in courting type I males during spawning, but not cuckolders of either morph or females. Additionally, this activity was not explained by courtship vocalization, care for eggs, or defense against cuckolders during spawning. Taken together, these results indicate that galanin is a regulator of male midshipman courtship tactic during spawning and appears to play a conserved role among vertebrates in behaviors contributing to individual fitness.

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780080453330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior has engaged with great success the efforts of many of the best behavioral biologists of the 21st century. Section editors drawn from the most accomplished behavioral scientists of their generation have enrolled an international cast of highly respected thinkers and writers all of whom have taken great care and joy in illuminating every imaginable corner of animal behavior. This comprehensive work covers not only the usual topics such as communication, learning, sexual selection, navigation, and the history of the field, but also emerging topics in cognition, animal welfare, conservation, and applications of animal behavior. The large section on animal cognition brings together many of the world's experts on the subject to provide a comprehensive overview of this rapidly developing area. Chapters relating to animal welfare give a full view of behavioral interactions of humans with companion animals, farm animals, and animals in the wild. The key role of animal behavior in conservation biology receives broad attention, including chapters on topics such as the effects of noise pollution, captive breeding, and how the behavioral effects of parasites interacts with conservation issues. Animal behavior in environmental biology is highlighted in chapters on the effects of endocrine disruptors on behavior and a large number of chapters on key species, such as wolves, chimpanzees, hyenas and sharks. Clear, accessible writing complements a wealth of information for undergraduate college students about the essential concepts of animal behavior and the application of those concepts across the field. In-depth coverage of concepts, methods, and exemplar organisms serves the needs of graduate students and professionals in the field. From the use of behavior in assessing the welfare of pigs to the social behavior of insects, from animal empathy to bat brains, this authoritative reference, with its in-depth introductory articles, rich array of illustrations, interactive cross-referenced links, and numerous suggested readings, can guide the student or the professional to an expanded appreciation of the far-flung world of animal behavior. An invaluable tool for teaching and a source of enrichment and detail for any topic covered in an animal behavior course, the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior is the definitive reference work in its field and will be for years to come. Comprehensive work which covers the usual topics along with emerging areas of animal behavior This encyclopedia contains clear, accessible writing and is well illustrated, including an online video, complimenting a wealth of information As an online reference, this work will be subject to period updating. This ensures that the work always remains current Contains in-depth introductions to the material that make each well-illustrated section come alive with the best the new content the discipline has to offer Glossary includes a compendium of behavioral terms that form a succinct mosaic of virtually every concept and phenomenon related to animal behavior Section editors, drawn from around the world, represent the best and the brightest among today's behavioral biologists and have recruited a broad range of internationally recognized experts Editors-in-Chief are experienced scientists and writers who between them have authored or edited eight books and teach courses in animal behavior at their respective universities

Reproduction in New World Primates

Reproduction in New World Primates Book
Author : J.P. Hearn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400973225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The New World primates are becoming widely used in scientific and medical work in fields from anthropology to zoology, behaviour to urology. They have unique attributes for studies in cancer, infectious diseases, genetics, virology and reproduction. However, it is only now that their reproductive physiology is being clarified in any depth and this book is a first synthesis of that knowledge. The nine authors involved in this project have presented an up to date account of the major New World species used in biological and medical science. In addition to their distribution and conservation in the wild, essential biological data from laboratory studies are presented on reproductive cycles, gestation length, seasonal breeding, puberty and other factors. The major applications of these species in research are explored. Whenever possible, research workers should steer away from using endangered species in their studies. The New World monkeys used in research in any numbers are still fairly common ~n the wild, yet their greatest advantages are ~n their smalle size and high fecundity. This makes possible the establishment of self sustaining captive breeding colonies at a fraction of the time and cost necessary for the more conventional Old World laboratory primates. Consequently the drain on wild stocks need not be extensive as only breeding nuclei should be necessary.

Hormones Brain and Behavior Online

Hormones  Brain and Behavior Online Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2002-06-18
ISBN : 008088783X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hormones, Brain, and Behavior Second Edition is a comprehensive work discussing the effect of hormones on the brain and, subsequently, behavior. This major reference work has 109 chapters covering a broad range of topics with an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. To truly understand all aspects of our behavior, we must take every influence (including the hormonal influences) into consideration. Donald Pfaff and a number of well-qualified editors examine and discuss how we are influenced by hormonal factors, offering insight, and information on the lives of a variety of species. Hormones, Brain, and Behavior offers the reader comprehensive coverage of growing field of research, with a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Available online exclusively via ScienceDirect. A limited edition print version is also available. * Comprehensive coverage of a growing field of research * Unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunites for relating behavior to molecular genetics * Covers an unusual breadth ranging from molecules to ecophysiology, and from basic science to clinical research