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Neuroeconomics Of Prosocial Behavior

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Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior

Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior Book
Author : Carolyn Declerck,Christophe Boone
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-21
ISBN : 0128014415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This summary of recent research in neuroeconomics aims to explain how and why a person can sometimes be generous, helpful, and cooperative, yet other times behave in a self-interested and/or exploitative manner. The book explains a dual process of analysis measuring immediate needs of the individual, relative to long term gains possible through prosocial behavior (e.g. synergy, accumulating profits, (in)direct reciprocity) with the output further mitigated by the motivation of the individual at that moment and any special circumstances of the environment. Ultimately it can be shown that prosocial behavior can be economically rational. Yet even when individuals are intrinsically motivated to act prosocially, they are also able to reverse this behavior when they sense it is no longer adaptive. The book will further explore individual differences in prosocial behavior, the development of prosocial behavior, and how a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation. The book includes game theory research, neuroimaging studies, and research in traditional cognitive psychology to better understand human decision-making re prosocial behavior. This will be of interest to cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as neuroscientists, and behavioral economists. Explores: Individual differences in prosocial behavior, The development of prosocial behavior, How a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation Includes: Game theory research, Neuroimaging studies, Research in traditional cognitive psychology

The Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior

The Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior Book
Author : Carolyn Declerck,Christophe Boone
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-03
ISBN : 9780128013038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This summary of recent research in neuroeconomics aims to explain how and why a person can sometimes be generous, helpful, and cooperative, yet other times behave in a self-interested and/or exploitative manner. The book explains a dual process of analysis measuring immediate needs of the individual, relative to long term gains possible through prosocial behavior (e.g. synergy, accumulating profits, (in)direct reciprocity) with the output further mitigated by the motivation of the individual at that moment and any special circumstances of the environment. Ultimately it can be shown that prosocial behavior can be economically rational. Yet even when individuals are intrinsically motivated to act prosocially, they are also able to reverse this behavior when they sense it is no longer adaptive. The book will further explore individual differences in prosocial behavior, the development of prosocial behavior, and how a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation. The book includes game theory research, neuroimaging studies, and research in traditional cognitive psychology to better understand human decision-making re prosocial behavior. This will be of interest to cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as neuroscientists, and behavioral economists. Explores: Individual differences in prosocial behavior The development of prosocial behavior How a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation Includes: Game theory research Neuroimaging studies Research in traditional cognitive psychology

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr,Colin Camerer,Russell Alan Poldrack
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-10-10
ISBN : 9780080921068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroeconomics is a new highly promising approach to understanding the neurobiology of decision making and how it affects cognitive social interactions between humans and societies/economies. This book is the first edited reference to examine the science behind neuroeconomics, including how it influences human behavior and societal decision making from a behavioral economics point of view. Presenting a truly interdisciplinary approach, Neuroeconomics presents research from neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral economics, and includes chapters by all the major figures in the field, including two Economics Nobel laureates. * An authoritative reference written and edited by acknowledged experts and founders of the field * Presents an interdisciplinary view of the approaches, concepts, and results of the emerging field of neuroeconomics relevant for anyone interested in this area of research * Full-color presentation throughout with carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

Values Empathy and Fairness across Social Barriers Volume 1167

Values  Empathy  and Fairness across Social Barriers  Volume 1167 Book
Author : Oscar Vilarroya,Scott Atran,Arcadi Navarro,Kevin Ochsner,Adolf Tobeña
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-27
ISBN : 1573317608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What makes suicide bombers capable of sacrificing themselves for a belief? Why do members of one race believe they are superior to another? How do subliminal messages affect the outcome of political polling? Using the tools of neuroscience and social science, researchers have learned a great deal about the brain's role in human behavior and interactions. This volume is the proceedings of the first Barcelona Social Brain Conference, which was organized by the New York Academy of Sciences, the Fundació Catalana per a la Recerca i la Innovació, the Càtedra UAB "el cervell social," and the European Science Foundation. Through a neuroscientific lens, the invited chapters examine the human qualities of empathy, sacred values, and cooperation, and focus on the ways in which what they learn can be used to understand human conflicts. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member.

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior Book
Author : David A. Schroeder,William G. Graziano
Publisher : Oxford Library of Psychology
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0195399811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior provides a comprehensive review of the current literature contributing to our understanding of when and why people act to benefit others. The field of prosocial behavior encompasses a broad spectrum of activities, ranging from dyadic helping in emergencies, planned helping, volunteerism, and cooperation within and between groups. Taking a multi-level approach, the chapters explore the basic underlying evolutionary, developmental, emotional, cognitive, personality, and social psychological processes that set the stage for and motivate prosocial actions. Consideration is also given to applications to such real-world situations as the encouragement of pro-environmental behavior, the recruitment of participants for medical clinical trials, and the reduction of ethnic conflict and promotion of world peace"--Publisher.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Tania Singer,Anita Tusche
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-13
ISBN : 0128073349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While economics and game theory are based on the assumption that people who engage in economic exchange are able to infer other people's motives and beliefs to predict their actions, economists have not yet become interested in the neural mechanisms that enable people to make inferences about other's mental and motivational states. However, the fields of social neuroscience and neuroeconomics have started to investigate our ability to represent others’ intentions and beliefs, referred to as “mentalizing” or “Theory of Mind” (ToM), and to share others' feelings and motivational states, referred to as “empathy”. Following an introduction to the field of social neuroscience, a clarification of concepts and a summary of major findings concerning the neural basis of mentalizing and empathizing are provided. Next, other social emotions closely related to empathy, such as compassion, and social emotions opposing empathy, such as schadenfreude, are introduced. Finally, future research questions are outlined and are discussed in light of their implications for neuroeconomics and human prosociality in general.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Martin Reuter,Christian Montag
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-06
ISBN : 364235923X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents one of the cornerstones of the series Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. It is divided into eight sections, starting with an introduction to neuroeconomics followed by an overview of frequently applied experimental paradigms (games) in neuroeconomics research. Furthermore, it addresses the molecular basis of human decision making, environmental/situational factors and social contexts influencing human decision making, as well as translational and developmental/clinical approaches to neuroeconomics. In closing, a paper on neuro-marketing demonstrates how knowledge from neuroeconomics research can be applied in “real life.” Culminating in an extensive methods section, in which eight different neuroscience techniques are introduced, the book offers an essential resource for researchers and practitioners, and may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy Book
Author : Jon-Arild Johannessen
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 1789738598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the 1980s, society has undergone enormous change. And yet management styles have stayed the same, not adapting to the change in focus from efficiency and productivity, to creativity and innovation. Here, leading innovation expert Jon-Arild Johannessen offers a replacement to traditional goal-driven management and New Public Management (NPM).

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Molly J. Crockett,Ernst Fehr
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-13
ISBN : 0128073217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this chapter we present a survey of studies employing pharmacological manipulations in humans to elucidate the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying the neuromodulation of economic and social preferences. We will review research examining the effects of changes in neurotransmitters (including serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline) and hormones (such as oxytocin and testosterone) on human decision making. Recent studies have shown these neuromodulatory systems to play a key role in shaping time, risk, and social preferences. We will consider how the involvement of these evolutionarily ancient chemical systems in basic learning and affective processes scales up to impact complex decision making in economic and social settings.

Prosocial Development

Prosocial Development Book
Author : Laura M. Padilla-Walker,Gustavo Carlo
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199964777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines a variety of biological, socialization, and contextual influences on prosocial development from infancy through young adulthood. While the definition of prosocial behavior may seem straight forward, recent research has highlighted its multifaceted nature. This volume specifically focuses on the multidimensionality of prosocial development, examining different contexts, motivations, types, and targets of prosocial behavior that are differentially predicted by socialization and dispositional characteristics.

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy

Augmentation of Brain Function  Facts  Fiction and Controversy Book
Author : Manuel F. Casanova,Mikhail Lebedev,Ioan Opris
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 2889456161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The final volume in this tripartite series on Brain Augmentation is entitled “From Clinical Applications to Ethical Issues and Futuristic Ideas”. Many of the articles within this volume deal with translational efforts taking the results of experiments on laboratory animals and applying them to humans. In many cases, these interventions are intended to help people with disabilities in such a way so as to either restore or extend brain function. Traditionally, therapies in brain augmentation have included electrical and pharmacological techniques. In contrast, some of the techniques discussed in this volume add specificity by targeting select neural populations. This approach opens the door to where and how to promote the best interventions. Along the way, results have empowered the medical profession by expanding their understanding of brain function. Articles in this volume relate novel clinical solutions for a host of neurological and psychiatric conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), traumatic brain injury, and disorders of consciousness. In disease, symptoms and signs denote a departure from normal function. Brain augmentation has now been used to target both the core symptoms that provide specificity in the diagnosis of a disease, as well as other constitutional symptoms that may greatly handicap the individual. The volume provides a report on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in ASD with reported improvements of core deficits (i.e., executive functions). TMS in this regard departs from the present-day trend towards symptomatic treatment that leaves unaltered the root cause of the condition. In diseases, such as schizophrenia, brain augmentation approaches hold promise to avoid lengthy pharmacological interventions that are usually riddled with side effects or those with limiting returns as in the case of Parkinson’s disease. Brain stimulation can also be used to treat auditory verbal hallucination, visuospatial (hemispatial) neglect, and pain in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. The brain acts as a telecommunication transceiver wherein different bandwidth of frequencies (brainwave oscillations) transmit information. Their baseline levels correlate with certain behavioral states. The proper integration of brain oscillations provides for the phenomenon of binding and central coherence. Brain augmentation may foster the normalization of brain oscillations in nervous system disorders. These techniques hold the promise of being applied remotely (under the supervision of medical personnel), thus overcoming the obstacle of travel in order to obtain healthcare. At present, traditional thinking would argue the possibility of synergism among different modalities of brain augmentation as a way of increasing their overall effectiveness and improving therapeutic selectivity. Thinking outside of the box would also provide for the implementation of brain-to-brain interfaces where techniques, proper to artificial intelligence, could allow us to surpass the limits of natural selection or enable communications between several individual brains sharing memories, or even a global brain capable of self-organization. Not all brains are created equal. Brain stimulation studies suggest large individual variability in response that may affect overall recovery/treatment, or modify desired effects of a given intervention. The subject’s age, gender, hormonal levels may affect an individual’s cortical excitability. In addition, this volume discusses the role of social interactions in the operations of augmenting technologies. Finally, augmenting methods could be applied to modulate consciousness, even though its neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Finally, this volume should be taken as a debate on social, moral and ethical issues on neurotechnologies. Brain enhancement may transform the individual into someone or something else. These techniques bypass the usual routes of accommodation to environmental exigencies that exalted our personal fortitude: learning, exercising, and diet. This will allow humans to preselect desired characteristics and realize consequent rewards without having to overcome adversity through more laborious means. The concern is that humans may be playing God, and the possibility of an expanding gap in social equity where brain enhancements may be selectively available to the wealthier individuals. These issues are discussed by a number of articles in this volume. Also discussed are the relationship between the diminishment and enhancement following the application of brain-augmenting technologies, the problem of “mind control” with BMI technologies, free will the duty to use cognitive enhancers in high-responsibility professions, determining the population of people in need of brain enhancement, informed public policy, cognitive biases, and the hype caused by the development of brain- augmenting approaches.

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process Book
Author : Christiansen, Bryan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-03-17
ISBN : 1466699906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroeconomics has emerged as a field of study with the goal of understanding the human decision-making process and the mental consideration of multiple outcomes based on a selected action. In particular, neuroeconomics emphasizes how economic conditions can impact and influence the decision-making process and alternately, how human actions have the power to impact economic conditions. Neuroeconomics and the Decision-Making Process presents the latest research on the relationship between neuroscience, economics, and human decision-making, including theoretical foundations, real-world applications, and models for implementation. Taking a cross-disciplinary approach to neuroeconomic theory and study, this publication is an essential reference source for economists, psychologists, business professionals, and graduate-level students across disciplines.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Daniel Houser,Kevin McCabe
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2008-12-01
ISBN : 1848553048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Considers the various topics in health economics including the production of and demand for health; the demand for medical care services; the financing of these services; the markets for physicians, nurses, dentists, hospitals, and drugs; the economics of substance use; health in developing countries; and, the economics of medical technology.

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research Book
Author : Gigi Foster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-08
ISBN : 0128130938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research: Theory and Practice demonstrates the use of biophysical measurement in laboratory-based experimental social science research and the ways biophysical measures can inform analyses of human behavior. Noting the practical limitations of laboratory-based biophysical measurement, its contributors provide hands-on guidance about biophysical measurement devices. Its Introductory and concluding chapters address ethics, measurement options, and historical and scientific contexts. Highlighting examples of device adoption in experimental social science lab settings, this book makes these tools understandable and accessible to all. Demonstrates the strengths and limitations of tools in both research objectives and practicality Provides hands-on guidance for device usage and data implementation, integration and assessment Compares and contrasts the uses of biophysical data in research objectives and disciplines

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis Book
Author : Sanjit Dhami
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 0192606492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This seventh volume of The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis covers a range of topics in behavioral economics. It is an essential guide for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students seeking a concise and focused text that explores the key areas of emotions in economics, behavioral welfare economics, and neuroeconomics. This updated extract from Dhami's leading textbook allows the reader to pursue subsections of this vast and rapidly growing field and to tailor their reading to their specific interests in behavioral economics.

Microeconomics in Context

Microeconomics in Context Book
Author : Neva Goodwin,Jonathan M. Harris,Julie A. Nelson,Pratistha Joshi Rajkarnikar,Brian Roach,Mariano Torras
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2022-12-26
ISBN : 1000791106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microeconomics in Context lays out the principles of microeconomics in a manner that is thorough, up to date, and relevant to students. Like its counterpart, Macroeconomics in Context, the book is uniquely attuned to economic, social, and environmental realities. The "In Context" books offer an engaging coverage of current research and policy issues from economic inequality and climate change, to taxes and globalization. Key features include: Up-to-date discussions of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on inequality, labor markets, and beyond Analysis of recent trade issues and the implications of Brexit Presentation of policy issues in historical, environmental, institutional, social, political, and ethical contexts—an approach that fosters critical evaluation of the standard microeconomic models Clear explanations of basic concepts and analytical tools, with advanced models presented in optional chapter appendices A powerful graphical presentation of various measures of well-being in the United States and other countries, including income inequality, tax systems, educational attainment, and environmental quality A focus on human well-being from a multidimensional perspective, including traditional economic metrics and factors such as health, equity, and political inclusion A full complement of student and instructor support materials online. The book combines real-world relevance with a thorough grounding in multiple economic paradigms. It is the ideal textbook for modern introductory courses in microeconomics. The book's companion website is available at: www.bu.edu/eci/micro

The Social Net

The Social Net Book
Author : Yair Amichai-Hamburger
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-02-07
ISBN : 019963954X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do people fall in love on the Internet? Why is cyberspace such a violent place? This volume answers these and many other questions, focusing on the psychological well-being of Internet users and the commercial benefits of understanding online behaviour.

Economics and Psychology

Economics and Psychology Book
Author : Bruno S. Frey,Alois Stutzer
Publisher : Mit Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The integration of economics and psychology has created a vibrant and fruitfulemerging field of study. The essays in Economics and Psychology take a broad view of the interfacebetween these two disciplines, going beyond the usual focus on "behavioral economics." As documentedin this volume, the influence of psychology on economics has been responsible for a view of humanbehavior that calls into question the assumption of complete rationality (and raises the possibilityof altruistic acts), the acceptance of experiments as a valid method of economic research, and theidea that utility or well-being can be measured.The contributors, all leading researchers in thefield, offer state-of-the-art discussions of such topics as pro-social behavior and the role ofconditional cooperation and trust, happiness research as an empirical tool, the potential ofneuroeconomics as a way to deepen understanding of individual decision making, and proceduralutility as a concept that captures the well-being people derive directly from the processes andconditions leading to outcomes. Taken together, the essays in Economics and Psychology offer anassessment of where this new interdisciplinary field stands and what directions are most promisingfor future research, providing a useful guide for economists, psychologists, and socialscientists.

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics Book
Author : Jermo van Nes
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030846903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book offers a multidisciplinary dialogue on relational anthropology in contemporary economics. A particular view of the human being is often assumed in economic models, but seldom acknowledged let alone explicated. Addressing this neglected area of research in economic studies, altogether the contributors touch upon the importance and potential of virtues, the notions of freedom and self-love, the potential of simulation models, the dialectics of love, and questions of methodology in constructing a relational anthropology for contemporary economics. The overall result is a highly informative and constructive dialogue, establishing inter alia a research agenda for future collaborative and multidisciplinary study.

Neurosociology A New Field for Transdisciplinary Social Analysis

Neurosociology  A New Field for Transdisciplinary Social Analysis Book
Author : Gennaro Iorio,Rosalba Morese,Rudina Rama,Vincenzo Auriemma
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-05-26
ISBN : 2889761797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neurosociology A New Field for Transdisciplinary Social Analysis book written by Gennaro Iorio,Rosalba Morese,Rudina Rama,Vincenzo Auriemma, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.