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Neurocognitive Mechanisms Of Attention

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Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Attention

Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Attention Book
Author : Golnaz Baghdadi,Farzad Towhidkhah,Mojdeh Rajabi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-16
ISBN : 0323909361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Attention: Computational Models, Physiology, and Disease States describes the brain mechanisms underlying the attention control system, how those mechanisms are examined, how they operate in different disease states, and methods for improving them. Conceptual models of attention further explore their functional operation. Coverage includes the different types of attention, processing paths, brain anatomy, and attention’s role in memory and movement. Factors affecting attention are explored including nutrition, exercise, and genetics. Neurocognitive disorders impacting attention are discussed including autism, ADHD, OCD, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease. Assessment methods and treatments are uniquely set against the backdrop of current conceptual, computational, and oscillatory-based models to encourage researchers to pursue continued development of new diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Examines brain mechanisms underlying different types of attention Explores how nutrition, exercise, genetics and more impact attention Identifies impact on attention of neurocognitive diseases and disorders Includes therapeutic advances to improve attention Provides computational models via companion website

Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Attention

Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Attention Book
Author : Golnaz Baghdadi,Farzad Towhidkhah,Mojdeh Rajabi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 0323909353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Attention: Computational Models, Physiology, and Disease States describes the brain mechanisms underlying the attention control system, how those mechanisms are examined, how they operate in different disease states, and methods for improving them. Conceptual models of attention further explore their functional operation. Coverage includes the different types of attention, processing paths, brain anatomy, and attention's role in memory and movement. Factors affecting attention are explored including nutrition, exercise, and genetics. Neurocognitive disorders impacting attention are discussed including autism, ADHD, OCD, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease. Assessment methods and treatments are uniquely set against the backdrop of current conceptual, computational, and oscillatory-based models to encourage researchers to pursue continued development of new diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Examines brain mechanisms underlying different types of attention Explores how nutrition, exercise, genetics and more impact attention Identifies impact on attention of neurocognitive diseases and disorders Includes therapeutic advances to improve attention Provides computational models via companion website

Neurocognitive Mechanisms

Neurocognitive Mechanisms Book
Author : Gualtiero Piccinini
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-10-08
ISBN : 0198866283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gualtiero Piccinini presents a systematic and rigorous philosophical defence of the computational theory of cognition. His view posits that cognition involves neural computation within multilevel neurocognitive mechanisms, and includes novel ideas about ontology, functions, neural representation, neural computation, and consciousness.

Gene Expression to Neurobiology and Behaviour

Gene Expression to Neurobiology and Behaviour Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-21
ISBN : 0444538852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How does the genome, interacting with the multi-faceted environment, translate into the development by which the human brain achieves its astonishing, adaptive array of cognitive and behavioral capacities? Why and how does this process sometimes lead to neurodevelopmental disorders with a major, lifelong personal and social impact? This volume of Progress in Brain Research links findings on the structural development of the human brain, the expression of genes in behavioral and cognitive phenotypes, environmental effects on brain development, and developmental processes in perception, action, attention, cognitive control, social cognition, and language, in an attempt to answer these questions. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

The Neuropsychology of Attention

The Neuropsychology of Attention Book
Author : Ronald A. Cohen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-11
ISBN : 038772639X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has been 15 years since the original publication of Neuropsychology of Attention. At the time of its publication, attention was a construct that had long been of theoretical interest in the field of psychology and was receiving increased research by cognitive scientists. Yet, attention was typically viewed as a nuisance variable; a factor that needed to be accounted for when assessing brain function, but of limited importance in its own right. There is a need for a new edition of this book within Neuropsychology to present an updated and integrated review of what is know about attention, the disorders that affect it, and approaches to its clinical assessment and treatment. Such a book will provide perspectives for experimental neuropsychological study of attention and also provide clinicians with insights on how to approach this neuropsychological domain.

Collective Emotions

Collective Emotions Book
Author : Christian von Scheve,Mikko Salmella
Publisher : Affective Science
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199659184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive overview of contemporary theories and research on collective emotions. It spans several disciplines and brings together, for the first time, various strands of inquiry and up-to-date research in the study of collective emotions and related phenomena. In focusing on conceptual, theoretical, and methodological issues in collective emotion research, the volume narrows the gap between the wealth of studies on individual emotions and inquiries into collective emotions. The book catches up with a renewed interest into the collective dimensions of emotions and their close relatives, for example emotional climates, atmospheres, communities, and intergroup emotions.

Theories of Theories of Mind

Theories of Theories of Mind Book
Author : Peter Carruthers,Peter K. Smith
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996-02-23
ISBN : 9780521559164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state of the art survey of debate within philosophy of mind, developmental psychology, the aetiology of autism and primatology.

Cognitive Bases of Second Language Fluency

Cognitive Bases of Second Language Fluency Book
Author : Norman Segalowitz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-08-09
ISBN : 1136968830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of the 2011 Kenneth W. Mildenberger Prize Exploring fluency from multiple vantage points that together constitute a cognitive science perspective, this book examines research in second language acquisition and bilingualism that points to promising avenues for understanding and promoting second language fluency. Cognitive Bases of Second Language Fluency covers essential topics such as units of analysis for measuring fluency, the relation of second language fluency to general cognitive fluidity, social and motivational contributors to fluency, and neural correlates of fluency. The author provides clear and accessible summaries of foundational empirical work on speech production, automaticity, lexical access, and other issues of relevance to second language acquisition theory. Cognitive Bases of Second Language Fluency is a valuable reference for scholars in SLA, cognitive psychology, and language teaching, and it can also serve as an ideal textbook for advanced courses in these fields.

The Oxford Handbook of Attention

The Oxford Handbook of Attention Book
Author : Kia Nobre,Sabine Kastner
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 019882467X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last three decades, there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the neural mechanisms of selective attention at the network as well as the cellular level. The Oxford Handbook of Attention brings together the different research areas that constitute contemporary attention research into one comprehensive and authoritative volume. In 40 chapters, it covers the most important aspects of attention research from the areas of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, human and animal neuroscience, computational modelling, and philosophy. The book is divided into 4 main sections. Following an introduction from Michael Posner, the books starts by looking at theoretical models of attention. The next two sections are dedicated to spatial attention and non-spatial attention respectively. Within section 4, the authors consider the interactions between attention and other psychological domains. The last two sections focus on attention-related disorders, and finally, on computational models of attention. Aimed at both scholars and students, the Oxford Handbook of Attention provides a concise and state-of-the-art review of the current literature in this field.

The Handbook of Forensic Psychopathology and Treatment

The Handbook of Forensic Psychopathology and Treatment Book
Author : Maaike Cima
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-06-10
ISBN : 1317267036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Forensic Psychopathology and Treatment explores the relationship between psychopathology and criminal behaviour in juveniles and adults. It provides a detailed explanation of the developmental pathway from the process of increasing criminal behaviour and becoming a forensic patient, to assessment, treatment and rehabilitation. Incorporating theoretical and scientific research reviews, as well as reviews regarding forensic rehabilitation, the book covers the theory, maintenance and treatment of psychopathology in offenders who have committed a crime. The Handbook of Forensic Psychopathology and Treatment will be of interest to masters and postgraduate students studying the relationship between psychopathology and crime, as well as researchers and clinicians working in forensic psychiatry institutions or departments.

The Neuropsychology of Mental Illness

The Neuropsychology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Stephen J. Wood,Nicholas B. Allen,Christos Pantelis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2009-10
ISBN : 0521862892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes neuropsychological approaches to the investigation, description, measurement and management of a wide range of mental illnesses.

Interventions in Learning Disabilities

Interventions in Learning Disabilities Book
Author : Rachel Schiff,R. Malatesha Joshi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-17
ISBN : 3319312359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews systematic training programs that are designed to enhance the language, reading, literacy and cognitive skills of individuals with Learning Disabilities in various disciplines. Most titles on Learning Disabilities intervention often focus on the linguistic area of the disability, while there are many more areas of difficulty. Students with learning disabilities struggle with such as math, cognitive abilities, and organizational skills. Adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, this book encompasses a wide variety of remedial treatments and therapies developed by expert researchers and scholars in the Learning Disabilities area.

Proceedings of the European Cognitive Science Conference 2007

Proceedings of the European Cognitive Science Conference 2007 Book
Author : Stella Vosniadou,Daniel Kayser,Athanassios Protopapas
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1317705564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the invited lectures, invited symposia, symposia, papers and posters presented at the 2nd European Cognitive Science Conference held in Greece in May 2007. The papers presented in this volume range from empirical psychological studies and computational models to philosophical arguments, meta-analyses and even to neuroscientific experimentation. The quality of the work shows that the Cognitive Science Society in Europe is an exciting and vibrant one. There are 210 contributions by cognitive scientists from 27 different countries, including USA, France, UK, Germany, Greece, Italy, Belgium, Japan, Spain, the Netherlands, and Australia. This book will be of interest to anyone concerned with current research in Cognitive Science.

Finding Consciousness in the Brain

Finding Consciousness in the Brain Book
Author : Peter G. Grossenbacher
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9789027251282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How does the brain go about the business of being conscious? Though we cannot yet provide a complete answer, this book explains what is now known about the neural basis of human consciousness.The last decade has witnessed the dawn of an exciting new era of cognitive neuroscience. For example, combination of new imaging technologies and experimental study of attention has linked brain activity to specific psychological functions. The authors are leaders in psychology and neuroscience who have conducted original research on consciousness. They wish to communicate the highlights of this research to both specialists and interested others, and hope that this volume will be read by students concerned with the neuroscientific underpinnings of subjective experience. As a whole, the book progresses from an overview of conscious awareness, through careful explanation of identified neurocognitive systems, and extends to theories which tackle global aspects of consciousness. (Series B)

Unlocking the Brain

Unlocking the Brain Book
Author : Georg Northoff
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199826994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What makes our brain a brain? This is the central question posited in Unlocking the Brain. By providing a fascinating venture into different territories of neuroscience, psychiatry, and philosophy, the author takes a novel exploration of the brain's resting state in the context of the neural code, and its ability to yield consciousness.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Book
Author : Keith McBurnett,Linda Pfiffner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-11-28
ISBN : 1420017144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compiling the expertise and research of many of the most widely-cited opinion leaders in the field, this reference spans the etiology, assessment, and management of ADHD and covers all the essential data required to care for patients with this disorder including clinical definitions, psychosocial management approaches, medication dosing ranges, and

New Paradigm of Attention and Attention Training Mechanisms and Applications

New Paradigm of Attention and Attention Training  Mechanisms and Applications Book
Author : Yi-Yuan Tang,Fushun Wang,Roy Frederick Baumeister
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-11-30
ISBN : 2832507581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Paradigm of Attention and Attention Training Mechanisms and Applications book written by Yi-Yuan Tang,Fushun Wang,Roy Frederick Baumeister, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spatial and Non Spatial Aspects of Neglect

Spatial and Non Spatial Aspects of Neglect Book
Author : Konstantinos Priftis,Carlo Umiltà,Marco Zorzi,Mario Bonato
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-07-10
ISBN : 2889195848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neglect is one of the most impressive neuropsychological disorder, for both its theoretical and clinical relevance. Besides being very common and disabling, it is highly informative for understanding normal cognitive functioning. The hallmark of neglect is the failure to attend to the contralesional hemispace. However, several studies have recently highlighted that additional deficits, not attributable to a spatial bias, are associated to the impaired contralesional hemispace processing. Moreover, manifestations of neglect tend to be particularly heterogeneous and often dissociate according to the spatial domain being investigated (e.g., body space, space within reaching, space beyond reaching, imaginal space). Heterogeneity in neglect patients also means that dissociations across different tasks in a single patient are more the rule than the exception. Evidence suggests that some of these dissociations can be readily explained by taking into account the amount of available attentional resources as a major determinant for the presence and the severity of neglect. There is no doubt that neglect patients provide a wealth of information about the functioning of systems subserving attentional orienting and spatial processing. Moreover, their performance also show that some non-spatial deficits are tightly coupled with more classic contralesional spatial deficits. It seems however still unclear to what extent these non-spatial deficits are an intrinsic characteristic of neglect or whether they are to be considered unspecific effects of the often massive brain lesions suffered by the patients. From the clinical point of view, neglect is a disorder that dramatically affects patients and their caregivers, because it severely limits the individuals’ autonomy and motor recovery after brain damage. For these reasons neglect is a disorder that is worth rehabilitating. To be effective, neglect rehabilitation should be based on the knowledge of what cognitive aspects are impaired and it should be focused on improving daily-life performance. For these reasons, it is also important to detect and quantify subtle forms of neglect.

Developmental Psychopathology Volume 1

Developmental Psychopathology  Volume 1 Book
Author : Dante Cicchetti,Donald J. Cohen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-24
ISBN : 0471755990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developmental Psychopathology, Second Edition, contains in three volumes the most complete and current research on every aspect of developmental psychopathology. This seminal reference work features contributions from national and international expert researchers and clinicians who bring together an array of interdisciplinary work to ascertain how multiple levels of analysis may influence individual differences, the continuity or discontinuity of patterns and the pathways by which the same developmental outcomes may be achieved. This volume addresses theoretical perspectives and methodological issues, including cross-cultural perspectives, developmental epidemiology, self determination theory, and gender issues.

Joint Attention

Joint Attention Book
Author : Axel Seemann
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2012-01-20
ISBN : 0262300621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interdisciplinary perspectives on definitional concerns, underlying mechanisms, and the functional significance of joint attention. Academic interest in the phenomenon of joint attention—the capacity to attend to an object together with another creature—has increased rapidly over the past two decades. Yet it isn't easy to spell out in detail what joint attention is, how it ought to be characterized, and what exactly its significance consists in. The writers for this volume address these and related questions by drawing on a variety of disciplines, including developmental and comparative psychology, philosophy of mind, and social neuroscience. The volume organizes their contributions along three main themes: definitional concerns, such as the question of whether or not joint attention should be understood as an irreducibly basic state of mind; processes and mechanisms obtaining on both the neural and behavioral levels; and the functional significance of joint attention, in particular the role it plays in comprehending spatial perspectives and understanding other minds. The collected papers present new work by leading researchers on one of the key issues in social cognition. They demonstrate that an adequate theory of joint attention is indispensable for a comprehensive account of mind.