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Neurobiology Of Psychiatric Disorders

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Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Neurobiology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Dennis S. Charney,Eric J. Nestler,Pamela Sklar,Joseph D. Buxbaum
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-07-04
ISBN : 0199934959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease has accelerated in the past five years. The fourth edition of Neurobiology of Mental Illness has been completely revamped given these advances and discoveries on the neurobiologic foundations of psychiatry. Like its predecessors the book begins with an overview of the basic science. The emerging technologies in Section 2 have been extensively redone to match the progress in the field including new chapters on the applications of stem cells, optogenetics, and image guided stimulation to our understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Sections' 3 through 8 pertain to the major psychiatric syndromes-the psychoses, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, dementias, and disorders of childhood-onset. Each of these sections includes our knowledge of their etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The final section discusses special topic areas including the neurobiology of sleep, resilience, social attachment, aggression, personality disorders and eating disorders. In all, there are 32 new chapters in this volume including unique insights on DSM-5, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) from NIMH, and a perspective on the continuing challenges of diagnosis given what we know of the brain and the mechanisms pertaining to mental illness. This book provides information from numerous levels of analysis including molecular biology and genetics, cellular physiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, epidemiology, and behavior. In doing so it translates information from the basic laboratory to the clinical laboratory and finally to clinical treatment. No other book distills the basic science and underpinnings of mental disorders and explains the clinical significance to the scope and breadth of this classic text. The result is an excellent and cutting-edge resource for psychiatric residents, psychiatric researchers and doctoral students in neurochemistry and the neurosciences.

Charney Nestler s Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Charney   Nestler s Neurobiology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 019068142X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder Book
Author : Joao Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Eduard Vieta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 012819183X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder: Road to Novel Therapeutics combines the basic neurobiology of bipolar disorder with discussions of the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder, genetic approaches and the pharmacogenomics of bipolar disorder. The basic foundational understanding of the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research combine to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of bipolar disorder management using novel and fast-acting pharmaceutical and neuromodulatory approaches. Aids readers in understanding bipolar disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments to novel therapeutics Synthesizes a discussion of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with clinical aspects of bipolar disorder

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders Book
Author : Michael J. Zigmond,Joseph T. Coyle,Lewis P. Rowland
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-03
ISBN : 0123982804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is the first book directed primarily at basic scientists to offer a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain disorders. It offers students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in the diverse fields of neuroscience, neurobiology, neurology, and psychiatry the tools they need to obtain a basic background in the major neurological and psychiatric diseases, and to discern connections between basic research and these relevant clinical conditions. This book addresses developmental, autoimmune, central, and peripheral neurodegeneration; infectious diseases; and diseases of higher function. The final chapters deal with broader issues, including some of the ethical concerns raised by neuroscience and a discussion of health disparities. Included in each chapter is coverage of the clinical condition, diagnosis, treatment, underlying mechanisms, relevant basic and translational research, and key unanswered questions. Written and edited by a diverse team of international experts, Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is essential reading for anyone wishing to explore the basic science underlying neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases. Links basic, translational, and clinical research on disorders of the nervous system, creating a format for study that will accelerate disease prevention and treatment Covers a vast array of neurological disorders, including ADHD, Down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, TBI, Parkinson, Huntington, Alzheimer, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, depression, and pain Illustrated in full color Each chapter provides in-text summary points, special feature boxes, and research questions Provides an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 0128133341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Thomas E. Schlaepfer,Charles B. Nemeroff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0444520023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology presents a comprehensive review of the fundamental science and clinical treatment of psychiatric disorders. Advances in neuroscience have allowed for dramatic advances in the understanding of psychiatric disorders and treatment. Brain disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia, are the leading cause of disability worldwide. It is estimated that over 25% of the adult population in North America are diagnosed yearly with at least one mental disorder and similar results hold for Europe. Now that neurology and psychiatry agree that all mental disorders are in fact, "brain diseases," this volume provides a foundational introduction to the science defining these disorders and details best practices for psychiatric treatment. Provides a comprehensive review of the scientific foundations of psychiatric disorders and psychiatric treatment Includes detailed results from genetics, molecular biology, brain imaging, and neuropathological, immunological, epidemiological, metabolic, therapeutic and historical aspects of the major psychiatric disorders A "must have" reference and resource for neuroscientists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and clinical psychologists as well as all research scientists investigating disorders of the brain

Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience Book
Author : Charles Zorumski,Eugene Rubin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-06-03
ISBN : 0199877602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychiatric disorders are brain disorders, reflecting dysfunction within and across neural networks. Advances in functional neuroimaging and cellular neuroscience offer hope of revolutionizing the approach to diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. This resource presents an introduction to network neuroscience and demonstrates the relationship of advances in this field to the future of psychiatry. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry Book
Author : A. David Redish
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-12-09
ISBN : 0262035421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychiatrists and neuroscientists discuss the potential of computational approaches to address problems in psychiatry including diagnosis, treatment, and integration with neurobiology.

Neurobiology of Mental Disorders

Neurobiology of Mental Disorders Book
Author : Marcus Lira Brandão
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781594549144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In writing this book, the authors have emphasised current perspectives on the neurobiology of mental disorders, not attempting to provide an exhaustive coverage of the field. Each chapter of the book represents a synthesis of the subject's state of the art. The first and third chapters were written by one of the Editors (FGG) and the sixth by the other (MLB). Each of the remaining chapters was extensively revised by one the authors. The book is a single-volume overview on the neurobiology of mental disorders, and was written for a broad audience. The authors aimed at the generally educated reader, who enjoys science and is interested in becoming acquainted with the remarkable new discoveries about how the nervous system executes mental functions. For this reason, they have provided, inside text boxes, background knowledge on the most relevant topics of each field. The authors hope that students from many areas will find here a clear and readable introduction to the present topic.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Francisco Lopez-Munoz,Cecilio Alamo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 1439838496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major depressive disorders have recently been associated with impairments in signaling pathways that regulate neuroplasticity and cell survival. Agents designed to directly target molecules in these pathways hold promise as new therapeutics for depression. With the collaboration of the most prestigious international specialists in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, psychiatry, psychology, and pharmacology, Neurobiology of Depression discusses the nature of the central nervous system circuits responsible for the modifications of neuronal functioning that lead to depression. The book begins by discussing animal, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological models of depression as well as neural foundations. It explores genetic factors that contribute to depression and describes the effect of monoaminergic systems in the central nervous system. Next, the book profiles the rise of psychopharmacology in the treatment of depression and the research into serotonin and monoamine reuptake inhibitors. It examines the role of the glutamatergic, endocannabinoid, and opioid systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, as well as the effect of biological rhythms on the human body. Later chapters review the role of CRF-related ligands, CRF receptors, HPA axis activity, and glucocorticoid receptors in the regulation of the stress response and depression. They also describe cytokine modulation of molecular mechanisms. They examine the role of neuropeptide Y, nitric oxide, beta-arrestins, BDNF, and phosphodiesterases, and discuss the use of tachykinin antagonists in treatment. Finally, they analyze the neurobiological basis for the development of new antidepressant agents. Exploring myriad aspects of a disease that plagues a large percentage of the population worldwide, this volume captures the state of the science of this debilitating disorder, facilitating further research and discovery.

Personalized Psychiatry

Personalized Psychiatry Book
Author : Bernhard Baune
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128131772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personalized Psychiatry presents the first book to explore this novel field of biological psychiatry that covers both basic science research and its translational applications. The book conceptualizes personalized psychiatry and provides state-of-the-art knowledge on biological and neuroscience methodologies, all while integrating clinical phenomenology relevant to personalized psychiatry and discussing important principles and potential models. It is essential reading for advanced students and neuroscience and psychiatry researchers who are investigating the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. Combines neurobiology with basic science methodologies in genomics, epigenomics and transcriptomics Demonstrates how the statistical modeling of interacting biological and clinical information could transform the future of psychiatry Addresses fundamental questions and requirements for personalized psychiatry from a basic research and translational perspective

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Abstracts and reviews of selected literature in psychiatry, neurology and their allied fields." (varies slightly)

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment Book
Author : Husseini K. Manji,Carlos A. Zarate Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-10
ISBN : 9783642157578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers the most up-to-date information about research surrounding the neurobiology of bipolar disorder as well as currently available and novel therapeutic options. The volume has assembled a widely respected group of preclinical and clinical researchers who bring their expertise to bear upon this illness by reviewing cutting-edge research and clinical evidence regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. Early chapters review the course and outcome and genetics of this highly heritable condition, including chapters on epigenetics and clinical endophenotypes. Several chapters offer a remarkably thorough and unique overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including what is known from neuroimaging work and the development of animal models. Finally, the book covers treatment strategies for bipolar disorder, including both traditional and novel therapeutics, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. It offers both researchers and clinicians key insights into this devastating disorder.

The Neuropsychology of Mental Illness

The Neuropsychology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Stephen J. Wood,Nicholas B. Allen,Christos Pantelis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2009-10-01
ISBN : 0521862892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes neuropsychological approaches to the investigation, description, measurement and management of a wide range of mental illnesses.

Marijuana and Madness

Marijuana and Madness Book
Author : David Castle,Robin Murray
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-05-27
ISBN : 9781139451659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the psychiatry and neuroscience of Cannabis sativa (marijuana), with particular emphasis on psychotic disorders. It outlines developments in our understanding of the human cannabinoid system, and links this knowledge to clinical and epidemiological facts about the impact of cannabis on mental health. Clinically focused chapters review not only the direct psychomimetic properties of cannabis, but also the impact consumption has on the courses of evolving or established mental illness such as schizophrenia. A number of controversial issues are critically explored, including whether a discrete 'cannabis psychosis' exists, and whether cannabis can actually cause schizophrenia. Effects of cannabis on mood, notably depression, are reviewed, as are its effects on cognition. This book will be of interest to all members of the mental health team, as well as to neuroscientists and those involved in drug and alcohol research.

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior Book
Author : Ahmed A. Moustafa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 1119159067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive Introduction to the world of brain and behavior computational models This book provides a broad collection of articles covering different aspects of computational modeling efforts in psychology and neuroscience. Specifically, it discusses models that span different brain regions (hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, visual cortex), different species (humans, rats, fruit flies), and different modeling methods (neural network, Bayesian, reinforcement learning, data fitting, and Hodgkin-Huxley models, among others). Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is divided into four sections: (a) Models of brain disorders; (b) Neural models of behavioral processes; (c) Models of neural processes, brain regions and neurotransmitters, and (d) Neural modeling approaches. It provides in-depth coverage of models of psychiatric disorders, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, and dyslexia; models of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy; early sensory and perceptual processes; models of olfaction; higher/systems level models and low-level models; Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning; linking information theory to neurobiology; and more. Covers computational approximations to intellectual disability in down syndrome Discusses computational models of pharmacological and immunological treatment in Alzheimer's disease Examines neural circuit models of serotonergic system (from microcircuits to cognition) Educates on information theory, memory, prediction, and timing in associative learning Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is written for advanced undergraduate, Master's and PhD-level students—as well as researchers involved in computational neuroscience modeling research.

Bipolar Disorder in Youth

Bipolar Disorder in Youth Book
Author : Stephen M. Strakowski
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014-10-29
ISBN : 0199985359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bipolar disorders affect up to 3% of the world's population and are the 6th leading cause of disability worldwide. The estimated annual costs of bipolar disorder approach $50 billion in the United States, and the associated societal and personal suffering is immeasurable. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness that typically begins in mid-adolescence, thereby disrupting healthy developmental processes. It is also a progressive illness, making early intervention even more critical. As the disorder presents differently in youth as it does in adults, considerable controversy exists around the diagnosis in young people. The neurobiological factors leading to the onset of bipolar disorder reflect abnormalities in adolescent brain development. Bipolar disorder is strongly heritable and therefore, these developmental abnormalities likely represent the culmination of processes that precede the expression of symptoms. Current studies of children who are at risk for bipolar disorder are identifying these processes. Again, controversy exists about how to move these neuroscience gains forward to help affected individuals and, particularly to manage children at risk to delay or prevent the onset or progression of bipolar disorder. With these considerations in mind, Bipolar Disorder in Youth provides a timely, focused review of the diagnosis, treatment, and neurobiology of bipolar disorder in youth. It addresses current controversies and resolves those in which evidence is available. The book is organized into three sections based on these topics to provide comprehensive discussions to aid clinicians managing these individuals in their practices, as well as scientists trying to advance the field. The three editors are widely recognized experts in bipolar disorder, and the authors of each chapter represent international experts in the respective topics. Consequently, this book is the most comprehensive volume available discussing this important population and is a 'must' for the libraries of clinicians and scientists working with bipolar children and adolescents.

Bipolar Depression Molecular Neurobiology Clinical Diagnosis and Pharmacotherapy

Bipolar Depression  Molecular Neurobiology  Clinical Diagnosis and Pharmacotherapy Book
Author : Carlos A. Zarate Jr.,Husseini K. Manji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-16
ISBN : 3764385677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although our knowledge of mood disorders is expanding, comparatively little is known about bipolar depression in particular. This book offers the most up-to-date information about the diagnosis, treatment, and research surrounding bipolar depression. Early chapters provide diagnostic information and review the course, outcome and genetics of this heritable condition. The book gives a thorough and unique overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including neuroimaging work. Several chapters delineate the treatment of bipolar depression in special populations such as children and pregnant women. Furthermore, the particular issues of suicide, focusing on the need for assessment during both acute and maintenance treatment, are addressed. Finally, acute and long-term treatment strategies for bipolar depression are discussed, including both traditional and novel therapeutics, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. This volume offers researchers and clinicians key insights into this devastating disorder.

The Spectrum of Psychotic Disorders

The Spectrum of Psychotic Disorders Book
Author : Daryl Fujii,Iqbal Ahmed
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-03-08
ISBN : 113946213X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The spectrum of psychotic disorders encompasses as many as 25 different etiologies, ranging from the primary psychoses through those secondary to medical conditions, drugs and medications, and sensory impairments. This 2007 book provides a one-stop, comprehensive review of these disorders and gives quick comparisons for diagnostic decision-making to help with difficult differential diagnoses. Every chapter is uniformly structured to show comparisons between each disorder of presentation, course, and underlying neuropathology. Evidence for each etiology is also rated, indicating the confidence level the reader can place in the current findings. The international team of authors also examines data supporting a unitary neurobiological model of psychosis and the hypothesis that psychosis is a neurobiological syndrome similar to aphasia or apraxia. This book represents a paradigm shift in understanding, classifying and diagnosing these disorders, providing directions for future research and treatment. It will be of great interest to psychiatrists and neuroscientists alike.

Computational Psychiatry

Computational Psychiatry Book
Author : Alan Anticevic,John D Murray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-19
ISBN : 0128098260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Psychiatry: Mathematical Modeling of Mental Illness is the first systematic effort to bring together leading scholars in the fields of psychiatry and computational neuroscience who have conducted the most impactful research and scholarship in this area. It includes an introduction outlining the challenges and opportunities facing the field of psychiatry that is followed by a detailed treatment of computational methods used in the service of understanding neuropsychiatric symptoms, improving diagnosis and guiding treatments. This book provides a vital resource for the clinical neuroscience community with an in-depth treatment of various computational neuroscience approaches geared towards understanding psychiatric phenomena. Its most valuable feature is a comprehensive survey of work from leaders in this field. Offers an in-depth overview of the rapidly evolving field of computational psychiatry Written for academics, researchers, advanced students and clinicians in the fields of computational neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, psychiatry, clinical psychology, neurology and cognitive neuroscience Provides a comprehensive survey of work from leaders in this field and a presentation of a range of computational psychiatry methods and approaches geared towards a broad array of psychiatric problems