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Neurobiology of Language

Neurobiology of Language Book
Author : Gregory Hickok,Steven L. Small
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-15
ISBN : 0124078621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Language explores the study of language, a field that has seen tremendous progress in the last two decades. Key to this progress is the accelerating trend toward integration of neurobiological approaches with the more established understanding of language within cognitive psychology, computer science, and linguistics. This volume serves as the definitive reference on the neurobiology of language, bringing these various advances together into a single volume of 100 concise entries. The organization includes sections on the field's major subfields, with each section covering both empirical data and theoretical perspectives. "Foundational" neurobiological coverage is also provided, including neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, genetics, linguistic, and psycholinguistic data, and models. Foundational reference for the current state of the field of the neurobiology of language Enables brain and language researchers and students to remain up-to-date in this fast-moving field that crosses many disciplinary and subdisciplinary boundaries Provides an accessible entry point for other scientists interested in the area, but not actively working in it – e.g., speech therapists, neurologists, and cognitive psychologists Chapters authored by world leaders in the field – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Research Methods in Psycholinguistics and the Neurobiology of Language

Research Methods in Psycholinguistics and the Neurobiology of Language Book
Author : Annette M. B. de Groot,Peter Hagoort
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-23
ISBN : 1119109841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive guide to research methods and technologies in psycholinguistics and the neurobiology of language Bringing together contributions from a distinguished group of researchers and practitioners, editors Annette M. B. de Groot and Peter Hagoort explore the methods and technologies used by researchers of language acquisition, language processing, and communication, including: traditional observational and behavioral methods; computational modelling; corpus linguistics; and virtual reality. The book also examines neurobiological methods, including functional and structural neuroimaging and molecular genetics. Ideal for students engaged in the field, Research Methods in Psycholinguistics and the Neurobiology of Language examines the relative strengths and weaknesses of various methods in relation to competing approaches. It describes the apparatus involved, the nature of the stimuli and data used, and the data collection and analysis techniques for each method. Featuring numerous example studies, along with many full-color illustrations, this indispensable text will help readers gain a clear picture of the practices and tools described. Brings together contributions from distinguished researchers across an array of related disciplines who explain the underlying assumptions and rationales of their research methods Describes the apparatus involved, the nature of the stimuli and data used, and the data collection and analysis techniques for each method Explores the relative strengths and weaknesses of various methods in relation to competing approaches Features numerous real-world examples, along with many full-color illustrations, to help readers gain a clear picture of the practices and tools described

The Neurobiology of Affect in Language Learning

The Neurobiology of Affect in Language Learning Book
Author : John H. Schumann
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 1999-06-18
ISBN : 9780631210108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a theory of how the psychology and neurobiology of stimulus appraisal influences the variability in second language acquisition. It then extends the notion of affect developed for second language acquisition to primary language acquisition and to cognition in general. Written by one of the leading scholars in the field, this book is an important research tool for students and professors of language studies and linguistics.

The Neurobiology of Learning

The Neurobiology of Learning Book
Author : John H. Schumann,Sheila E. Crowell,Nancy E. Jones,Namhee Lee,Sara Ann Schuchert
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 1135619514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes a timely contribution to the existing literature by presenting a relatively comprehensive, neurobiological account of certain aspects of second language acquisition. It represents the collaborative efforts of members of the Neurobiology of Language Research Group in the Applied Linguistics and TESL Department at UCLA. Members of the group are trained in neurobiology and then use this knowledge to develop biological accounts of various aspects of applied linguistics. The volume avoids the corticocentric bias that characterizes many brain-language publications--both cortical and subcortical structures receive their appropriate attention. In addition, it demonstrates that enough is presently known about the brain to inform our conceptualizations of how humans acquire second languages, thus, it provides a refreshingly novel, highly integrative contribution to the (second) language acquisition literature. The goal of the research program was based on the need to draw more links between the neurobiological mechanisms and second language acquisition. As such, the book promotes a neurobiology of language that starts with the brain and moves to behavior. The fundamental insights presented should guide second language acquisition researchers for years to come.

Neurobiology of human language and its evolution Primate and Nonprimate Perspectives

Neurobiology of human language and its evolution  Primate and Nonprimate Perspectives Book
Author : Constance Scharff,Angela D. Friederici,Michael Petrides
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-04-15
ISBN : 9782889191116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolution of human language has been discussed for centuries from different perspectives. Linguistic theory has proposed grammar as a core part of human language that has to be considered in this context. Recent advances in neurosciences have allowed us to take a new neurobiological look on the similarities and dissimilarities of cognitive capacities and their neural basis across both closely and distantly related species. A couple of decades ago the comparisons were mainly drawn between human and non-human primates, investigating the cytoarchitecture of particular brain areas and their structural connectivity. Moreover, comparative studies were conducted with respect to their ability to process grammars of different complexity. So far the available data suggest that non-human primates are able to learn simple probabilistic grammars, but not hierarchically structured complex grammars. The human brain, which easily learns both grammars, differs from the non-human brain (among others) in how two language-relevant brain regions (Broca’s area and superior temporal cortex) are connected structurally. Whether the more dominant dorsal pathway in humans compared to non-human primates is causally related to this behavioral difference is an issue of current debate. Ontogenetic findings suggest at least a correlation between the maturation of the dorsal pathway and the behavior to process syntactically complex structures, although a causal prove is still not available. Thus the neural basis of complex grammar processing in humans remains to be defined. More recently it has been reported that songbirds are also able to distinguish between sound sequences reflecting complex grammar. Interestingly, songbirds learn to sing by imitating adult song in a process not unlike language development in children. Moreover, the neural circuits supporting this behavior in songbirds bear anatomical and functional similarities to those in humans. In adult humans the fiber tract connecting the auditory cortex and motor cortex dorsally is known to be involved in the repetition of spoken language. This pathway is present already at birth and is taken to play a major role during language acquisition. In songbirds, detailed information exist concerning the interaction of auditory, motor and cortical-basal ganglia processing during song learning, and present a rich substrate for comparative studies. The scope of the Research Topic is to bring together contributions of researchers from different fields, who investigate grammar processing in humans, non-human primates and songbirds with the aim to find answers to the question of what constitutes the neurobiological basis of grammar learning. Open questions are: Which brain networks are relevant for grammar learning? Is there more than one dorsal pathway (one from temporal cortex to motor cortex and one to Broca’s area) and if so what are their functions? Has the ability to process sequences of a given hierarchical complexity evolved in different phylogenetic lines (birds, primates, other vocal production learners such as bats)? Is the presence of a sensory-to-motor circuit in humans a precondition for development of a dorsal pathway between the temporal cortex and Broca’s area? What role do subcortical structures (Basal Ganglia) play in vocal and grammar learning?

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language 2 Volume Set

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Miriam Faust
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-15
ISBN : 1119050464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain–language research Features a novel emphasis on state–of–the–art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain–language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations

Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use

Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use Book
Author : Roel M. Willems
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-02-12
ISBN : 1107042011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributors to this book argue that we should study the brain basis of language as used in our daily lives.

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Second Language Acquisition

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Second Language Acquisition Book
Author : Marianne Gullberg,Peter Indefrey
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2006-08-11
ISBN : 9781405155427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores the cognitive neuroscience of second language acquisition from the perspectives of critical/sensitive periods, maturational effects, individual differences, neural regions involved, and processing characteristics. The research methods used include functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and event related potentials (ERP). The studies in this volume provide initial answers to core questions including: which brain areas are reliably activated in second language processing? Are they the same or different from those activated in first language acquisition and use? And what are the behavioral consequences of individual differences among brains?

Components of the Language Ready Brain

Components of the Language Ready Brain Book
Author : Cedric Boeckx,Antonio Benítez-Burraco
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-09-09
ISBN : 2889198936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume highlights new avenues of research in the language sciences, and particularly, in the neurobiology of language. The term “language-ready brain” stresses, on the one hand, the importance of a brain-based description of our species’ linguistic capacity, and, on the other, the need to appreciate the crucial role culture plays in shaping the linguistic systems children acquire and adults use. For this reason, the focus is not put on language per se, but on our learning biases and cognitive pre-dispositions toward language. Both brain and culture are considered at two crucial levels of inquiry: phylogeny and ontogeny. In a fast-growing field like the language sciences and specifically, language evolution studies, this book has tried to capture several of the most exciting topics explored currently, sowing seeds for future investigations.

Put it in Context the Neurobiology of Language Explored with Controlled Stimuli in Naturalistic Auditory Stories

Put it in Context  the Neurobiology of Language Explored with Controlled Stimuli in Naturalistic Auditory Stories Book
Author : Katerina Danae Kandylaki
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Put it in Context the Neurobiology of Language Explored with Controlled Stimuli in Naturalistic Auditory Stories book written by Katerina Danae Kandylaki, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Oscillatory Nature of Language

The Oscillatory Nature of Language Book
Author : Elliot Murphy
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-11-05
ISBN : 1108873375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on cutting-edge ideas from the biological and cognitive sciences, this book presents both an innovative neuro-computational model of language comprehension and a state-of-the-art review of current topics in neurolinguistics. It explores a range of newly-emerging topics in the biological study of language, building them into a framework which views language as grounded in endogenous neural oscillatory behaviour. This allows the author to formulate a number of hypotheses concerning the relationship between neurobiology and linguistic computation. Murphy also provides an extensive overview of recent theoretical and experimental work on the neurobiological basis of language, from which the reader will emerge up-to-date on major themes and debates. This lively overview of contemporary issues in theoretical linguistics, combined with a clear theory of how language is processed, is essential reading for scholars and students across a range of disciplines.

Evolution and Neurology of Language

Evolution and Neurology of Language Book
Author : FESN Study Group on Evolution and Neurology of Language
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution and Neurology of Language book written by FESN Study Group on Evolution and Neurology of Language, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neurobiology of Disease

Neurobiology of Disease Book
Author : Alan L. Pearlman,Robert Chaplin Collins,Robert C. Collins
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of the mechanisms by which diseases alter the function of the nervous system was once well described as "Neurological Pathophysiology," the title of previous editions of this book. But when disciplines as diverse as molecular genetics and radiation biophysics converge on the analysis of the nervous system and its disorders, a title with broader meaning is required to encompass them. The change in the book's title reflects a change in its scope, as it includes much more information on functional and anatomical systems than the early editions. New to this fourth edition are three chapters on Memory, Genetic Disorders, and Brain Tumors. Infections are given more extensive treatment, the original chapter being divided into two, the first on bacteria, fungi and parasites, the second on viruses. All other chapters have been updated. For medical students and physicians the text offers and introduction to the scientific basis of clinical neurology--the framework on which diagnosis and treatment are based. For graduate students and scientists in the field of neurobiology, it describes the expression of fundamental mechanisms gone awry, and provides clues for elucidating those mechanisms.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Birdsong

Behavioral Neurobiology of Birdsong Book
Author : Harris Philip Zeigler,Peter Marler
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of findings in the bird song system that have had a major impact on neuroscience research, and have fundamentally altered our concepts of brain function. The 32 papers constitute the proceedings of a conference on The Behavioural Neurobiology of Bird Song, held in New York in 2002.

Neurobiology of Infantile Autism

Neurobiology of Infantile Autism Book
Author : Hiroshi Naruse,Edward M. Ornitz
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of infantile autism has undergone dramatic change in recent years. Not only are psychologists and psychiatrists researching the neurobiology of infantile autism, but also a growing number of investigators in both basic and clinical neuroscience. The multidisciplinary spectrum of such research supports the accelerating progress in research on autism. Thus, the satellite symposium on Neurobiology of Infantile Autism gathered psychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists and basic scientists in various disciplines of neuroscience together, to exchange information on recent progress in various fields of neurobiological research. The essential nature of the syndrome of infantile autism was addressed, and new pharmacotherapies discussed, the origins of which have been based on the results of neurochemical research. These proceedings contain important reports which reveal a deep understanding of the disorder and are already indicating new horizons for future research.

The Neurobiology of Cognition and Behavior

The Neurobiology of Cognition and Behavior Book
Author : John Hart, Jr.
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-11-27
ISBN : 0190219033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Neurobiology of Cognition and Behavior" is one of the initial textbooks of brain mapping in the field of cognitive neuroscience. This well-researched text by a leading expert in the field provides a foundational map of the human brain for cognition and behavior. This comprehensive map of essential human thinking and emotion is based on the explosion in the field of functional neuroimaging studies (fMRI, PET) in the normally functioning human brain. The approach of this text is to confirm the association of these brain regions by verifying that damage to the activated brain area results in a consistent deficit in the cognitive/behavioral operation under investigation. The approach used to form this view of mapping brain and cognition is based on cognitive neuroscience principles of defining dissociable, fine-grained cognitive units and associating these units with brain regions encoding for these units or aspects of the units from both functional imaging and lesion studies. These cognitive-brain relationships are incorporated into clinical syndromes to account for the behavior of these patients after a lesion occurs, with the added feature of presenting patient videos demonstrating the disrupted cognitive behaviors. This comprehensive textbook provides a framework of the basic architecture of cognition in the brain with this combination of activation and lesion study confirmation of the brain-behavior associations. This basic framework is useful for those students studying the interaction of cognitive science and neuroanatomy as well as being relevant to the experienced neuroscientist researcher or clinician.

Neuroscience of Communication

Neuroscience of Communication Book
Author : Douglas B. Webster
Publisher : Singular
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New edition—revised and updated throughout. Clarifies and expands discussions from first edition. Includes two new chapters, additional information on the entire diencephalon, as well as 14 new illustrations. Provides clear description of structural and functional organization of the complete nervous system. Presents detailed descriptions of the structures and functions of the vestibular system, speech perception, language, and speech production.TEXTBOOK

Neurobiology of Early Infant Behaviour

Neurobiology of Early Infant Behaviour Book
Author : Curt von Euler,Hans Forssberg,Hugo Lagercrantz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neurobiology of Early Infant Behaviour book written by Curt von Euler,Hans Forssberg,Hugo Lagercrantz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuroscience Memory and Language

Neuroscience  Memory  and Language Book
Author : Richard D. Broadwell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Three symposia form the basis for this volume: the first symposium, convened in July of 1991, presented an overview of neuroscience advances in brain imaging technology, artificial intelligence, and the question of human consciousness; the second symposium, convened in February of 1992, concentrated on learning and memory and emphasized the growing understanding of how the brain learns and remembers; the thrid symposium, presented in September of 1992, focused on the neural basis of language in all its forms.

Approaches to the Evolution of Language

Approaches to the Evolution of Language Book
Author : James Raymond Hurford,James R. Hurford,Michael Studdert-Kennedy,Chris Knight
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998-09-17
ISBN : 9780521639644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one of the first systematic attempts to bring language within the neo-Darwinian framework of modern evolutionary theory, without abandoning the vast gains in phonology and syntax achieved by formal linguistics over the past forty years. The contributors, linguists, psychologists, and paleoanthropologists, address such questions as: what is language as a category of behavior; is it an instrument of thought or of communication; what do individuals know when they know a language; what cognitive, perceptual, and motor capacities must they have to speak, hear, and understand a language? For the past two centuries, scientists have tended to see language function as largely concerned with the exchange of practical information. By contrast, this volume takes as its starting point the view of human intelligence as social, and of language as a device for forming alliances, in exploring the origins of the sound patterns and formal structures that characterize language.