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Neurobiology Of Depression

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Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Francisco Lopez-Munoz,Cecilio Alamo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 1439838496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major depressive disorders have recently been associated with impairments in signaling pathways that regulate neuroplasticity and cell survival. Agents designed to directly target molecules in these pathways hold promise as new therapeutics for depression. With the collaboration of the most prestigious international specialists in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, psychiatry, psychology, and pharmacology, Neurobiology of Depression discusses the nature of the central nervous system circuits responsible for the modifications of neuronal functioning that lead to depression. The book begins by discussing animal, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological models of depression as well as neural foundations. It explores genetic factors that contribute to depression and describes the effect of monoaminergic systems in the central nervous system. Next, the book profiles the rise of psychopharmacology in the treatment of depression and the research into serotonin and monoamine reuptake inhibitors. It examines the role of the glutamatergic, endocannabinoid, and opioid systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, as well as the effect of biological rhythms on the human body. Later chapters review the role of CRF-related ligands, CRF receptors, HPA axis activity, and glucocorticoid receptors in the regulation of the stress response and depression. They also describe cytokine modulation of molecular mechanisms. They examine the role of neuropeptide Y, nitric oxide, beta-arrestins, BDNF, and phosphodiesterases, and discuss the use of tachykinin antagonists in treatment. Finally, they analyze the neurobiological basis for the development of new antidepressant agents. Exploring myriad aspects of a disease that plagues a large percentage of the population worldwide, this volume captures the state of the science of this debilitating disorder, facilitating further research and discovery.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 0128133341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression

Systems Neuroscience in Depression

Systems Neuroscience in Depression Book
Author : Thomas Frodl
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 0128026286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems Neuroscience in Depression provides a comprehensive overview of the normal and depressed brain processes as studied from a systems neuroscience perspective. Systems neuroscience uses a wide variety of approaches to study how networks of neurons form the bases of higher brain function. A broad overview is discussed starting with a background from neurodevelopment and neural understanding as well as novel treatment approaches for depression. This book covers basic developmental aspects and depressive psychopathology, as well as the basic scientific background from animal models and experimental research. Current advances in systems neuroscience are highlighted in studies from child and adolescent psychiatry. Integrated approaches are presented with regards to genetics, neuroimaging and neuroinflammation as well as neuroendocrinology. The field of systems and network neuroscience is evolving rapidly and this book provides a greatly needed resource for researchers and practitioners in systems neuroscience and psychiatry. Knowledge covering the whole life span from early to later life Comprehensively written chapters developing from molecules via epigenetics and neural circuits to clinical neuroscience Understanding the neurobiology of major depressive disorder Integrating stress and environmental factors with molecular underpinnings More than 25 illustrations and tables

Behavioral Neurobiology of Depression and Its Treatment

Behavioral Neurobiology of Depression and Its Treatment Book
Author : Philip J. Cowen,Trevor Sharp,Jennifer Y . F. Lau
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-04-24
ISBN : 3642354254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book highlights important new research using current state-of-the-art approaches by prominent researchers in the field of depression. A broad range of topics is covered, beginning with a description of the phenotypic features of clinical depression, followed by chapters on the cellular and molecular basis, functional neuroimaging correlates and information-processing accounts. Finally, existing and novel treatment approaches are covered. In this way the volume brings together the key disciplines involved in the neurobiological understanding of depression to provide an update of the field and outlook to the future. Together, the volume chapters provide focused and critical reviews that span a broad range of topics suitable for both students and established investigators interested in the present state of depression research.

Bipolar Depression Molecular Neurobiology Clinical Diagnosis and Pharmacotherapy

Bipolar Depression  Molecular Neurobiology  Clinical Diagnosis and Pharmacotherapy Book
Author : Carlos A. Zarate Jr.,Husseini K. Manji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-16
ISBN : 3764385677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although our knowledge of mood disorders is expanding, comparatively little is known about bipolar depression in particular. This book offers the most up-to-date information about the diagnosis, treatment, and research surrounding bipolar depression. Early chapters provide diagnostic information and review the course, outcome and genetics of this heritable condition. The book gives a thorough and unique overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including neuroimaging work. Several chapters delineate the treatment of bipolar depression in special populations such as children and pregnant women. Furthermore, the particular issues of suicide, focusing on the need for assessment during both acute and maintenance treatment, are addressed. Finally, acute and long-term treatment strategies for bipolar depression are discussed, including both traditional and novel therapeutics, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. This volume offers researchers and clinicians key insights into this devastating disorder.

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Thomas E. Schlaepfer,Charles B. Nemeroff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0444520023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology presents a comprehensive review of the fundamental science and clinical treatment of psychiatric disorders. Advances in neuroscience have allowed for dramatic advances in the understanding of psychiatric disorders and treatment. Brain disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia, are the leading cause of disability worldwide. It is estimated that over 25% of the adult population in North America are diagnosed yearly with at least one mental disorder and similar results hold for Europe. Now that neurology and psychiatry agree that all mental disorders are in fact, "brain diseases," this volume provides a foundational introduction to the science defining these disorders and details best practices for psychiatric treatment. Provides a comprehensive review of the scientific foundations of psychiatric disorders and psychiatric treatment Includes detailed results from genetics, molecular biology, brain imaging, and neuropathological, immunological, epidemiological, metabolic, therapeutic and historical aspects of the major psychiatric disorders A "must have" reference and resource for neuroscientists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and clinical psychologists as well as all research scientists investigating disorders of the brain

Charney Nestler s Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Charney   Nestler s Neurobiology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 019068142X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

Understanding Depression

Understanding Depression Book
Author : Yong-Ku Kim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 9811065802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, in two volumes, focuses on contemporary issues and dilemmas in relation to depression. The aim is to equip readers with an up-to-date understanding of the clinical and neurobiological underpinnings of depression and their relation to clinical manifestations and the development of more effective treatments. This first volume is devoted specifically to biomedical and neurobiological issues. Detailed information is presented on a wide range of topics, including genetics, molecular and cellular biology, and aspects at the neural circuit and multicellular system levels. Readers will gain a deeper appreciation of the factors and interactions underlying individual variation in responsiveness to stress and vulnerability to depression, as well as a clear understanding of potential treatment targets and causes of treatment resistance based on the latest research. A concluding section considers progress towards precision psychiatry and gender and cultural differences in depression. The companion volume is dedicated to clinical and management issues in depression. Understanding Depression will be an excellent source of information for both researchers and practitioners in the field.

Depression and Brain Dysfunction

Depression and Brain Dysfunction Book
Author : Frank Gilliam,Andres M. Kanner,Yvette Sheline
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-12-08
ISBN : 9780203485668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a scholarly reference to published research results on the neurobiology and neuroanatomy of depression and the association of depression with disorders of the central nervous system. The book reviews and discusses aspects of recent research on the underlying mechanisms of depression, including neurotransmitter dysregulation, hypothal

Melancholia A Disorder of Movement and Mood

Melancholia  A Disorder of Movement and Mood Book
Author : Gordon Parker,Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic,Kerrie Eyers
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996-03-29
ISBN : 9780521472753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the development of a new approach to the diagnosis and pathogenesis of melancholic depression.

Contemporary Behavioral Neurology

Contemporary Behavioral Neurology Book
Author : Michael R. Trimble,Jeffrey L. Cummings
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann Medical
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personality disorders, affective disorders, anxiety neurosis, hallucinations and delusions can all be manifestations of a neurological, rather than psychiatric problem. It is the difference between an organic/structural brain disorder and a functional one. In practice, the dividing line is not always clear. Behavioral neurology is the neurology of psychiatry. In light of an evolving restructuring of our understanding, the authors provide a timely review of clinical behavioral neurology in the setting of contemporary neuroanatomical and neurochemical theory.

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry Book
Author : Niruj Agrawal,Rafey Faruqui,Mayur Bodani
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 0198757131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New from Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry, the Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry bridges the gap between general psychiatric textbooks and reference texts in neuropsychiatry. Divided into four sections, it covers core knowledge and skills for practice in all psychiatric disciplines, with key information for training in neuropsychiatry.

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression Book
Author : Bernhard Baune
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-23
ISBN : 0128110740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inflammation and Immunity in Depression: Basic Science and Clinical Applications is the first book to move beyond the established theory of cytokine-induced depression and explore the broader role the immune system plays in this devastating mood disorder. The book fully explores the most recent lines of research into this rapidly advancing field, including alterations of T-cells, the neurobiological implications of neuroinflammation and immune alterations for brain development and function, and the genetic components of neuroinflammation in depression, including the relationships between stress and inflammation that are revealing gene-environment interactions in the disorder. Combining contributions from researchers worldwide, this book provides the most comprehensive discussion available today on the involvement of the innate immune and adaptive immune systems in depressive disorder. Chapters span neuroscience, psychology, clinical applications and future directions, making this book an invaluable resource for advanced students, researchers and practitioners who need to understand the complex and varied role of inflammation and immune responses in depression. Synthesizes current knowledge of inflammation and immunity in depression, ranging from basic neuroscience research, to clinical applications in psychiatry Expands on the long-established theory of cytokine-induced depression to discuss broader involvement of the immune system Explores translational potential of targeting immune dysfunction for clinical interventions

Ketamine for Treatment Resistant Depression

Ketamine for Treatment Resistant Depression Book
Author : Gustavo H. Vazquez,Carlos A. Zarate,Elisa Brietzke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0128210346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ketamine for Treatment-Resistant Depression: Neurobiology and Applications provides a simple, evidence-based overview for neuropsychiatrists and translational researchers on this medication, its mechanisms of actions, eligibility of patients for treatment, and the preparation and implementation of ketamine clinics. Provides efficacy research on ketamine as a treatment for depression Identifies best practices for clinical use, both long-term and acute Discusses the molecular mechanisms and neurobiology of action

Cognitive Dimensions of Major Depressive Disorder

Cognitive Dimensions of Major Depressive Disorder Book
Author : Bernhard T. Baune,Catherine Harmer
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2019-08
ISBN : 0198810946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental disorders worldwide, and is estimated to affect 300 million people. Most research defines MDD as a categorical disorder and investigations on clinical, functional, and biological correlates are assessed by established diagnostic instruments. However, given the phenotypic and biological heterogeneity of depression, a re-focus on the clinical phenotype of MDD is required. Bridging psychiatric and psychological traditions Cognitive Dimensions of Major Depressive Disorder, discusses the characteristics of the dimensional approach of MDD. Focusing on the cognitive and emotional processes of depression, this guide offers extended and novel diagnostic and treatment approaches ranging from pharmacological to psychological interventions targeting dimensions of depression. Edited by pioneers in this field, this resource discusses hot topics such as how to define the dimensional approach to depression, the neurobiological underpinnings of cognitive dysfunction in depression, and the impairment of emotional processing deficits in depression. Cognitive Dimensions of Major Depressive Disorder is suitable for students, trainees, clinicians and scientists in the fields of psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, cognitive neuroscience, neurology, general practice and also for various other health care professionals.

International Journal of Neuroscience

International Journal of Neuroscience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Journal of Neuroscience book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder Book
Author : Yong-Ku Kim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-06-11
ISBN : 9535121294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder, phenotypically and biologically. MDD may be caused by complex interaction between genes and environment in susceptible individuals. Thus, a combination of certain genetic polymorphism, environmental stress, and personal susceptibility ultimately may induce MDD. Gene-environment interactions in the pathophysiology of MDD lead to advancement in personalized medicine by means of genotyping for inter-individual variability in drug action and metabolism. Gene-environment interactions may explain why some subjects become depressed while others remain unaffected. The aim of this book is to describe current knowledge of MDD from the point of view of neurobiology, molecular genetics and cognition. The authors address a deep understanding of cognitive and neurobiological mechanisms involved in MDD.

The Spectrum of Psychotic Disorders

The Spectrum of Psychotic Disorders Book
Author : Daryl Fujii,Iqbal Ahmed
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-03-08
ISBN : 113946213X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The spectrum of psychotic disorders encompasses as many as 25 different etiologies, ranging from the primary psychoses through those secondary to medical conditions, drugs and medications, and sensory impairments. This 2007 book provides a one-stop, comprehensive review of these disorders and gives quick comparisons for diagnostic decision-making to help with difficult differential diagnoses. Every chapter is uniformly structured to show comparisons between each disorder of presentation, course, and underlying neuropathology. Evidence for each etiology is also rated, indicating the confidence level the reader can place in the current findings. The international team of authors also examines data supporting a unitary neurobiological model of psychosis and the hypothesis that psychosis is a neurobiological syndrome similar to aphasia or apraxia. This book represents a paradigm shift in understanding, classifying and diagnosing these disorders, providing directions for future research and treatment. It will be of great interest to psychiatrists and neuroscientists alike.

The American Journal of Psychiatry

The American Journal of Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The American Journal of Psychiatry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bipolar Disorder in Youth

Bipolar Disorder in Youth Book
Author : Stephen M. Strakowski
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014-10-29
ISBN : 0199985359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bipolar disorders affect up to 3% of the world's population and are the 6th leading cause of disability worldwide. The estimated annual costs of bipolar disorder approach $50 billion in the United States, and the associated societal and personal suffering is immeasurable. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness that typically begins in mid-adolescence, thereby disrupting healthy developmental processes. It is also a progressive illness, making early intervention even more critical. As the disorder presents differently in youth as it does in adults, considerable controversy exists around the diagnosis in young people. The neurobiological factors leading to the onset of bipolar disorder reflect abnormalities in adolescent brain development. Bipolar disorder is strongly heritable and therefore, these developmental abnormalities likely represent the culmination of processes that precede the expression of symptoms. Current studies of children who are at risk for bipolar disorder are identifying these processes. Again, controversy exists about how to move these neuroscience gains forward to help affected individuals and, particularly to manage children at risk to delay or prevent the onset or progression of bipolar disorder. With these considerations in mind, Bipolar Disorder in Youth provides a timely, focused review of the diagnosis, treatment, and neurobiology of bipolar disorder in youth. It addresses current controversies and resolves those in which evidence is available. The book is organized into three sections based on these topics to provide comprehensive discussions to aid clinicians managing these individuals in their practices, as well as scientists trying to advance the field. The three editors are widely recognized experts in bipolar disorder, and the authors of each chapter represent international experts in the respective topics. Consequently, this book is the most comprehensive volume available discussing this important population and is a 'must' for the libraries of clinicians and scientists working with bipolar children and adolescents.