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Neurobiological Background Of Exploration Geosciences

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Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences Book
Author : Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 0128104813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences: New Methods for Data Analysis Based on Cognitive Criteria examines the neurobiological background of earth science disciplines. It presents the fundamental features of the human brain that form the cognitive basis of exploration geophysics and investigates how their analysis can drive the development of new brain-based technologies. Crucial aspects of human cognition include the impulse to explore the environment, the ability of our brain to create mental maps and virtual images of the world, and the human ability to recognize, integrate and save patterns of information in a shared memory. Geoscience technology can be made more effective by taking the working neurobiological principles of our brains into account. This book is appropriate for multiple audiences, including neuroscientists, cognitive scientists and geoscientists, presenting both theoretical and experimental results. Presents the neurological background of human brain function and cognition as it relates to the geosciences Explores possible links between geophysics, neural anatomy and neural physiology Dissects topics with a multidisciplinary approach and balanced combination of theory and applications Examines the potential mechanism by which exploration geoscience is triggered by specific neural systems located in primordial areas of the subcortical brain Proposes working hypotheses and possible scenarios for future research in neuroscience and the geosciences

A Global Approach to Data Value Maximization

A Global Approach to Data Value Maximization Book
Author : Paolo Dell’Aversana
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 1527533379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a systematic discussion about methods and techniques used to extract the maximum informative value from complex data sets. A multitude of approaches and techniques can be applied for that purpose, including data fusion and model integration, multimodal data analysis in different physical domains, audio-video display of data through techniques of “sonification”, multimedia machine learning, and hybrid methods of data analysis. The book begins with the domain of geosciences, before moving on to other scientific areas, like diagnostic medicine and various engineering sectors. As such, it will appeal to a large audience, including geologists and geophysicists, data scientists, physicians and cognitive scientists, and experts in social sciences and knowledge management.

Directory of Awards

Directory of Awards Book
Author : National Science Foundation (U.S.). Directorate for Science and Engineering Education
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Directory of Awards book written by National Science Foundation (U.S.). Directorate for Science and Engineering Education, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

SEE Directory of Awards

SEE Directory of Awards Book
Author : National Science Foundation (U.S.). Directorate for Science and Engineering Education
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download SEE Directory of Awards book written by National Science Foundation (U.S.). Directorate for Science and Engineering Education, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Behavioral Neurobiology

Behavioral Neurobiology Book
Author : Günther Karl-Heinz Zupanc
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780198700562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animals often exhibit intriguing and captivating patterns of behavior, from migration and homing, to communication. But how is this behavior controlled? This new textbook introduces undergraduate students and other readers to the fascinating field of neuroethology--the study of the neurobiological processes underlying animal behavior. Written in a lively, easy to read style, and assuming no background knowledge of animal behavior or neurobiology, this book introduces the key concepts and ideas which underpin the subject, and describes many of the key findings that have helped us to understand this intricate and elegant subject. Beginning with a look at the history of the study of behavior, from Aristotle to recent breakthroughs and predictions for the future, the book then reviews the ethological and neurobiological concepts that constitute the essential tools of behavioral neurobiology, before moving on to the field of neuroethology itself. In each chapter, the text not only describes the major findings in each area, but also describes the approaches used to obtain these results. Many chapters contain a detailed case study describing the research performed. A key feature of the text is the number of excellent learning aids included. Each chapter ends with a summary of key points, exercises and suggestions for further reading. Boxes are used both to provide relevant physical and chemical background information and to add additional historical interest by describing the life and work of eminent neuroethologists.

The Neurobiological Basis of Memory and Behavior

The Neurobiological Basis of Memory and Behavior Book
Author : Hinrich Rahmann,Mathilde Rahmann
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1992-05-14
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of all the areas of biological science, there is, perhaps, none that has experienced in recent decades so great an increase in findings as neurobiology, the discipline that concerns memory in all of its myriad aspects. The notion of exploring memory, that capacity to store and recall individual experience, has received attention increasingly in our society. Of course, animals can exhibit astounding powers of memory, but memory is of paramount importance to human beings due to the significant role it plays in the transmission of our cultural traditions. It is tradition, after all, that ensures the passing on of qualities established by lineage, a continuous link from generation to generation, between past and present. And it is tradition that inspires bodies of thought (knowledge and customs, for example) to be handed down by a multiplicity of information bearing devices (i. e. , word, writing, picture, electronic data carriers). The objective of this book is to inform the reader in one clear volume of the groundwork which has been established in memory research from the diverse disciplines of neurobiology. It is intended, primarily, for students of medicine, zoology, biology, psychology and psychiatry, but will certainly prove to be a valuable resource to others with a healthy interest in the area.

Index of Conference Proceedings

Index of Conference Proceedings Book
Author : British Library. Document Supply Centre
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Index of Conference Proceedings book written by British Library. Document Supply Centre, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cognitive Science Literature and the Arts

Cognitive Science  Literature  and the Arts Book
Author : Patrick Colm Hogan
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0415942446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rise cognitive science has been one of the most important intellectual developments of recent years, stimulating new approaches to everything from philosophy to film studies. This is an introduction to what cognitive science has to offer the humanities and particularly the study of literature. Hogan suggests how the human brain works and makes us feel in response to literature. He walks the reader through all of the major theories of cognitive science that are important for the humanities in order to understand the production and reception of literature.

Directory of Research Grants

Directory of Research Grants Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Directory of Research Grants book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Analysis and Modeling of Neural Systems

Analysis and Modeling of Neural Systems Book
Author : Frank H. Eeckman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recentexplosionofactivity inneural modelingseemsto have beendriven more by advances inthe theories and applicationsoflearning paradigms for artificial neural networks than by advances in our knowledge of real nervous systems. In the past few years, major conferences on neural networks and neural modeling have emerged and, appropriately, have focussed on technological exploitation of these advances. Sensingthat the recentleaps in both computational powerand knowledge ofthe nervous system may have setthe stage for a revolution intheoretical neurobiology, neuroscientists have welcomed thenew neural modeling; butmanyofthem would like tosee itdirected as heavily toward understanding of the nervou$ system as it is presently directed toward computertechnology and control-system engineering. Furthermore, some neuroscientists believe thattechnologists shouldnotbe satisfiedonly with exploiting or extending the recent advances in learning paradigms, that emerging knowledge about real nervous systems will suggest other, comparably valuable, paradigms forsignal processingand control. Ourmotive as organizers was to have a conference that focussed on both of these areas -- emerging modeling tools and concepts for neurobiologists, and emerging neurobiological concepts and neurobiological knowledge ofpotential use to technologists. Ourprinciple ofdesign was simple. We attempted to organize aconference withagroup ofspeakers that would be most illuminating and exciting to us and to our students. We succeeded. EdwinR. Lewis INTRODUCTION This volume contains the collected papers of the 1990 Conference on Analysis and ModelingofNeural Systems, held July 25-27, in Berkeley, California. There were 21 invited talks at the meeting, covering aspects ofanalysis and modeling from the subcellularlevel to the networklevel. Inaddition, thirty six posters were accepted forpresentation.

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain Book
Author : Philip Lieberman,Stephen M. Kosslyn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In this provocative book, Lieberman shifts the focus, arguing that language is not an instinct coded in a discrete cortical "language organ", but a learned skill, based on a Functional Language System distributed over many parts of the human brain. To make his case, Lieberman synthesizes converging behavioral and neurobiological data, including clinical evidence from speech-impaired patients (some with Parkinson's disease, whose deficits are subcortical, and some with Broca's aphasia); neuroimaging; and evolutionary biology. Using this enormous body of data, he argues that human language is regulated by a network that involves regions of the neocortex often associated with nonlinguistic cognition, and even subcortical structures - our ancient reptilian brain - in addition to Broca's and Wernicke's areas in the neocortex."--BOOK JACKET.

Cellular and Molecular Neurophysiology

Cellular and Molecular Neurophysiology Book
Author : Constance Hammond
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780123741271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition is the new, thoroughly revised edition of the only current, established and authoritative text focusing on the cellular and molecular physiology of nerve cells. Previously titled Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, the new title better reflects this focus. The book is hypothesis driven rather than just presenting the facts, and the content is firmly based on numerous experiments performed by the top experts in the field. While the book does cover the important facts, it also presents the background for how researchers arrived at this knowledge to provide a context for the field. It teaches not only how excitable cells work in detail, but also how to construct and conduct intelligent research experiments. This book promotes a real understanding of the function of nerve cells that is useful for practicing neurophysiologists and students in a graduate-level course on the topic alike. * 80% new or updated material * Fifteen appendices describing neurobiological techniques are interspersed in the text * Now in full color throughout, with more than 400 carefully selected and constructed illustrations * Provides an instructor website with all the images in electronic format, plus additional material

The Private Self

The Private Self Book
Author : Arnold H. Modell
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9780674707528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of the self is the subject of intense debate in psychoanalysis - as it is in neuro-science, cognitive science, and philosophy. In The Private Self Arnold Modell, a leading thinker in American psychoanalysis, studies selfhood from the inside by examining variations on the theme of the self in Freud and in the work of object relations theorists, self psychologists, and neuro-scientists. His significant contribution is an interdisciplinary perspective in formulating a theory of the private self. Modell contends that the self is fundamentally paradoxical in that it is both dependent and autonomous - dependent upon social affirmation, but autonomous in generating itself from within: we create ourselves by selecting values that are endowed with private meanings. (Modell presents an extensive view of these self-generative and self-creative aspects.) The private self is an embodied self: the psychology of the self is rooted in biology. By thinking of the unconscious as a neurophysiological process and the self as the subject and object of its own experience, Modell is able to explain how identity can persist in the flux of consciousness. In arriving at his unique synthesis of psychoanalytic observations and neurobiological theory, Modell draws on the contributions of Donald Winnicott in psychoanalysis, William James in philosophy, and Gerald Edelman in neurobiology. The Private Self boldly explores the frontier between psychoanalysis and biology. In replacing the "instinct-driven" self and the "attachment-oriented" self with the "self-generating" self, the author offers an exciting and original perspective for our understanding of the mind and the brain.

Consciousness and Human Identity

Consciousness and Human Identity Book
Author : John Cornwell,Director Science and Human Dimension Project John Cornwell
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What processes of the brain or the mind can explain the uniquely personal experience we have of smelling a rose, or feeling the pain of toothache, or seeing the point of a newspaper cartoon, or sensing a pang of post-modernist angst in the run up to the Millenium. The phenomenon of humanhigher-order consciousness has puzzled philosophers, naturalists, and theologians down the ages. Now, somewhat belatedly, consciousness has caught the interest of scientists, some of whom believe they are on the brink of discovering its basis in neurobiological processes. This book, drawing together leading figures from the spheres of science and philosophy, is about the prospects of finding a scientific explanation of consciousness. And it is also about how our view of ourselves could be affected by such a scientific explanation. Until recently, the vast complexityof the brain had kept researchers from tackling the thorny topic of consciousness. But now, new imaging techniques are revealing many of the brain's mysteries to neuroscientists, while some researchers in the field of artificial intelligence believe they will be able to replicate consciousness withsilicon and circuitry. Meanwhile, philosophers continue to take issue with the methodology used by science to investigate this phenomenon. These are the issues that are debated in this book, in which exponenets of each view have the opportunity to argue their case, and the result is a collectionthat will both enlighten all those interested in the question of consciousness, and stimulate debate among those at the forefront of research in the many fields now investigating it.

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection Book
Author : Howard Eichenbaum,Neal J. Cohen
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780195085907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This cutting-edge book offers a theoretical account of the evolution of multiple memory systems of the brain. The authors conceptualize these memory systems from both behavioral and neurobiological perspectives, guided by three related principles. First, that our understanding of a wide range of memory phenomena can be advanced by breaking down memory into multiple forms with different operating characteristics. Second, that different forms of memory representation are supported by distinct brain pathways with circuitry and neural coding properties. Third, that the contributions of different brain systems can be compared and contrasted by distinguishing between dedicated (or specific) and elaborate (or general) memory systems. A primary goal of this work is to relate the neurobiological properties of dedicated and elaborate systems to their neuropsychological counterparts, and in so doing, account for the phenomenology of memory, from conditioning to conscious recollection.

Representation and Recognition in Vision

Representation and Recognition in Vision Book
Author : Shimon Edelman,Professor of Psychology Shimon Edelman
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780262050579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shimon Edelman bases a comprehensive approach to visual representation on the notion of correspondence between proximal (internal) and distal similarities in objects. Researchers have long sought to understand what the brain does when we see an object, what two people have in common when they see the same object, and what a "seeing" machine would need to have in common with a human visual system. Recent neurobiological and computational advances in the study of vision have now brought us close to answering these and other questions about representation. In Representation and Recognition in Vision, Shimon Edelman bases a comprehensive approach to visual representation on the notion of correspondence between proximal (internal) and distal similarities in objects. This leads to a computationally feasible and formally veridical representation of distal objects that addresses the needs of shape categorization and can be used to derive models of perceived similarity. Edelman first discusses the representational needs of various visual recognition tasks, and surveys current theories of representation in this context. He then develops a theory of representation that is related to Shepard's notion of second-order isomorphism between representations and their targets. Edelman goes beyond Shepard by specifying the conditions under which the representations can be made formally veridical. Edelman assesses his theory's performance in identification and categorization of 3D shapes and examines it in light of psychological and neurobiological data concerning the object-processing stream in primate vision. He also discusses the connections between his theory and other efforts to understand representation in the brain.

Roots of Social Sensibility and Neural Function

Roots of Social Sensibility and Neural Function Book
Author : Jay Schulkin,Research Professor of Physiology and Biophysics Jay Schulkin
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780262194471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout the book, he incorporates neurobiological evidence for a domain-specific system for social cognition.".

Beauty

Beauty Book
Author : Frederick Turner,Frederick W. Turner
Publisher : University of Virginia Press
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780813913575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this groundbreaking interdisciplinary work, Frederick Turner presents a new theory of aesthetics based on the argument that beauty is an objective reality in the universe. He identifies the experience of beauty as a pancultural, neurobiological phenomenon. Drawing on recent work in a wide range of fields--ritual and dramatic performance, the oral tradition, paleoanthropology and human evolution, neurobiology, cosmology and theoretic physics, chaos theory and fractal mathematics--the book describes evolution as a self-organizing, emergent process that generates increasingly advanced forms of self-reflection, and proposes that the experience of beauty is the recognition of this evolutionary process and the reward for participating in it. The experience of aesthetic beauty, Turner says, is an adaptive function that drives evolution through sexual selection. Those individuals most sensitive to beauty survived surface cultural changes, excelled in mating rituals, and were participants in the positive evolution of the species. Turner shows how, as a result, neurotransmitters in the brain respond to certain inherited systems by which we appreciate beauty. Turner also presents the implications for theories of art and literature that follow from his identification of the inherent genres of human aesthetic experience. Forms of art cannot be arbitrary but must be rooted in our biological inheritance. This calls into question theories about modern art, and suggests that modernist culture turned its back on beauty in an attempt to repress and avoid the shame of humanness and our biological nature. This book breaks radically with contemporary positions in psychology, sociology, philosophy, andart, and offers an alternative to present trends in literary and critical theory. It should be of interest to a wide variety of readers, including the artistic community, critical theorists, students of oral traditions, philosophers, and aestheticians.

Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books Book
Author : Rose Arny
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forthcoming Books book written by Rose Arny, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Curious Intimacy

A Curious Intimacy Book
Author : Lois Oppenheim
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2005
ISBN : 158391806X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What can neuroscience contribute to the psychodynamic understanding of creativity and the imagination? A Curious Intimacy is an innovative study into the interrelation between art and neuro-psychoanalysis which significantly narrows the divide between the humanities and the sciences. Situating our grasp of the creative mind within the historical context of theories of sublimation, Lois Oppenheim proposes a change in paradigm for the study of the creative process, questioning the idea that creativity serves, above all, the reparation of early object relationships and the resolution of conflict. The book is divided into two parts. Part One, Art and the Brain, introduces the field of neuro-psychoanalysis and examines the contribution it can make to the discussion of gender and art. Part Two, A New Direction for Interdisciplinary Psychoanalysis, draws on the verbal and visual artistry of Samuel Beckett, Paul Klee and Martha Graham to put to the test the proposed new direction for applied psychoanalysis. Lois Oppenheim concludes by addressing the future of psychoanalysis as it becomes increasingly informed by neuroscience and raising questions about what the neurobiology of emotion and feeling has to tell us about the creative experience of an individual and what might constitute a 'neuro-psychoanalytic aesthetics'. A Curious Intimacy will have great appeal for all those interested in the study of imagination and creativity. It will also be of particular interest to students across the humanities and sciences and to psychotherapists and psychoanalysts wanting to explore the contribution that neuro-psychoanalysis can make to our understanding of the creative process.