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Neuroanatomy Of Language Regions Of The Human Brain

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Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain

Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain Book
Author : Michael Petrides
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-10-28
ISBN : 9780124055148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many studies of the neural bases of language processes are now conducted with functional and structural neuroimaging. Research is often compromised because of difficulties in identifying the core structures in the face of the complex morphology of these regions of the brain. Although there are many books on the cognitive aspects of language and also on neurolinguistics and aphasiology, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain is the first anatomical atlas that focuses on the core regions of the cerebral cortex involved in language processing. This atlas is a richly illustrated guide for scientists interested in the gross morphology of the sulci and gyri of the core language regions, in the cytoarchitecture of the relevant cortical areas, and in the connectivity of these areas. Data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity are integrated iwth critical experimental anatomical data about homologous areas in the macaque monkey to provide the latest information on the connectivity of the language-relevant cortical areas of the brain. Although the anatomical connectivity data from studies on the macaque monkey provide the most detailed information, they are often neglected because of difficulties in interpreting the terminology used and in making the monkey-to-human comparison. This atlas helps investigators interpret this important source of information. Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain will assist investigators of the neural bases of language in increasing the anatomical sophistication of their research adn in evaluating studies of language and the brain. Abundantly illustrated with photographs, 3-D MRI reconstructions, and sections to represent the morphology of the sulci and gyri in the frontal, temporal, and parietal regions involved in language processing Photomicrographs showing the cytoarchitecture of cortical areas involved in language processing Series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections identifying the sulci and gyri to assist language investigators using structural and functional neuroimaging techniques All images accompanied by brief commentaries to help users navigate the complexities of the anatomy Integration of data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity with critical experimental anatomical data on the connectivity of homologous areas in the macaque monkey

Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain

Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain Book
Author : Michael Petrides
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-03
ISBN : 0124059317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many studies of the neural bases of language processes are now conducted with functional and structural neuroimaging. Research is often compromised because of difficulties in identifying the core structures in the face of the complex morphology of these regions of the brain. Although there are many books on the cognitive aspects of language and also on neurolinguistics and aphasiology, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain is the first anatomical atlas that focuses on the core regions of the cerebral cortex involved in language processing. This atlas is a richly illustrated guide for scientists interested in the gross morphology of the sulci and gyri of the core language regions, in the cytoarchitecture of the relevant cortical areas, and in the connectivity of these areas. Data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity are integrated iwth critical experimental anatomical data about homologous areas in the macaque monkey to provide the latest information on the connectivity of the language-relevant cortical areas of the brain. Although the anatomical connectivity data from studies on the macaque monkey provide the most detailed information, they are often neglected because of difficulties in interpreting the terminology used and in making the monkey-to-human comparison. This atlas helps investigators interpret this important source of information. Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain will assist investigators of the neural bases of language in increasing the anatomical sophistication of their research adn in evaluating studies of language and the brain. Abundantly illustrated with photographs, 3-D MRI reconstructions, and sections to represent the morphology of the sulci and gyri in the frontal, temporal, and parietal regions involved in language processing Photomicrographs showing the cytoarchitecture of cortical areas involved in language processing Series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections identifying the sulci and gyri to assist language investigators using structural and functional neuroimaging techniques All images accompanied by brief commentaries to help users navigate the complexities of the anatomy Integration of data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity with critical experimental anatomical data on the connectivity of homologous areas in the macaque monkey

Atlas of the Morphology of the Human Cerebral Cortex on the Average MNI Brain

Atlas of the Morphology of the Human Cerebral Cortex on the Average MNI Brain Book
Author : Michael Petrides
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-12-13
ISBN : 0128011599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atlas of the Morphology of the Human Cerebral Cortex on the Average MNI Brain provides a comprehensive identification of the sulci and gyri of the human brain on a series of coronal sections of the average MNI brain and identifies the likely location of the cytoarchitectonic areas of the cerebral cortex. Presentation in MNI Stereotaxic Space enables the atlas to serve as a useful working tool for structural/functional neuroimagers attempting to identify the sulcus or gyrus and the likely cytoarchitectonic area within which a functional activation or a structural change has occurred. A brief introductory section discusses the history and current state of studies of the sulcal and gyral morphology and cytoarchitecture of the human cerebral cortex. Identifies all sulci and gyri of both hemispheres of the average MNI brain (rather than those of a single brain with its individual peculiarities) so that the average surface morphology of the human cerebral cortex is clearly revealed Presents the likely location of architectonic areas on the average MNI brain so that researchers can report their findings in a manner that is readily translatable from laboratory to laboratory Offers succinct commentary on the relation of sulci and gyri to architectonic areas, which will be useful to those looking to identify the cortical area within which functional or structural changes occurred Offers succinct commentaries on the diversity of names often used to refer to the exact same area that will be useful to those struggling to navigate the often confusing cerebral cortex nomenclature

The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates Book
Author : George Paxinos,Michael Petrides
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128158524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paxinos and Petrides' The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates is the most comprehensive and accurate atlas of the monkey brain currently available. The fourth edition of this classic book will be a complete revision, featuring many improvements and upgrades. Containing coronal diagrams and accompanying photographic plates spaced at 120 μm intervals, this atlas follows the same nomenclature and abbreviations conventions as the mouse, rat, chicken, and human brain atlases published under George Paxinos' leadership. This atlas is suitable for researchers who work with both monkeys and humans. Constructed by the established leaders in neuroanatomical atlas development, the new edition will again be the indispensable resource for all scientists working on the primate nervous system. Coronal diagrams and accompanying photographic plates spaced at 120 μm intervals; diagrams completely revised Photographic coronal plates of SMI immunoreactivity; delineations completely revised Linking of structure names from the atlas to the CoCoMac neuroinformatics database for online retrieval of additional information on partitioning schemes and connectivity Inclusion of MR images at approximately the same levels as the coronal diagrams This monkey brain atlas follows the same nomenclature and abbreviations conventions as the mouse, rat, chicken, and human brain atlases published under George Paxinos' leadershi

MRI Atlas of the Human Cerebellum

MRI Atlas of the Human Cerebellum Book
Author : Jeremy D. Schmahmann,Julien Doyon,Michael Petrides,Alan C. Evans,Arthur W. Toga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2000-08-16
ISBN : 9780080574073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The MRI Atlas of the Human Cerebellum constitutes the most complete, detailed work on the human cerebellum to date. This definitive work provides images in the three cardinal planes (sagittal, transverse, and coronal) at closely spaced intervals of 2 millimeters. The images are derived from MRI scans of one individual and from postmortem sections of another. It is the only such atlas set within the universally accepted framework of the Talairach stereotaxic system, derived from standard landmarks in the brain. The book includes a new nomenclature system (labeling system) which is easier to use, aids in understanding the organization of the cerebellum, and is consistent with earlier work on the anatomy of the cerebellum in animals and the development of the human cerebellum in infants. Recent studies have shown that the cerebellum is involved in much more than motor coordination alone: also in higher functions including memory, language, emotion, and attention, as well as sensory discrimination. This atlas facilitates this new era of study of the cerebellum, allowing investigators to identify cerebellar structures with precision. Everyone concerned with the anatomy, function, or dysfunction of the cerebellum should have a copy. Key Features * Provides the most comprehensive, detailed, and authoritative atlas of the human cerebellum * Contains 110 MRI images and 110 corresponding cryosection images * Includes a CD with all of the images and text from the book, supported by both PC and Macintosh computer platforms * Developed within the universally accepted framework of the Talairach stereotaxic system * Contains detailed myelin- and Nissl-stained histology of major nuclei * Presents a new, easy-to-use nomenclature system * Allows investigators to identify structures with precision and to address detailed structure-function correlations

The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates Book
Author : George Paxinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780123736192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates is the most comprehensive and accurate atlas of the monkey brain currently available. The second edition of this classic book is a complete revision, featuring many improvements and upgrades. Constructed by the established leaders in neuroanatomical atlas development, the new edition will again be the indispensable resource for all scientists working on the primate nervous system. * 151 coronal diagrams and 151 accompanying photographic plates spaced at 120 µm intervals; diagrams completely revised * 60 photographic coronal plates of SMI immunoreactivity; delineations completely revised. New in this edition * DVD with all drawings in Adobe Acrobat (r) pdf format as well as eps files of photographic plates * Inclusion in the DVD of 3D reconstructions of the diagrammatic atlas done by two major teams headed by Rolf Kotter and Louis Collins * Linking of structure names from the atlas to the CoCoMac neuroinformatics database for online retrieval of additional information on partitioning schemes and connectivity * Inclusion of MR images at approximately the same levels as the coronal diagrams * This monkey brain atlas follows the same nomenclature and abbreviations conventions as the mouse, rat, chicken, and human brain atlases published under George Paxinos' leadership

A Brain for Speech

A Brain for Speech Book
Author : Francisco Aboitiz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1137540605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses evolution of the human brain, the origin of speech and language. It covers past and present perspectives on the contentious issue of the acquisition of the language capacity. Divided into two parts, this insightful work covers several characteristics of the human brain including the language-specific network, the size of the human brain, its lateralization of functions and interhemispheric integration, in particular the phonological loop. Aboitiz argues that it is the phonological loop that allowed us to increase our vocal memory capacity and to generate a shared semantic space that gave rise to modern language. The second part examines the neuroanatomy of the monkey brain, vocal learning birds like parrots, emergent evidence of vocal learning capacities in mammals, mirror neurons, and the ecological and social context in which speech evolved in our early ancestors. This book's interdisciplinary topic will appeal to scholars of psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, biology and history.

The Marmoset Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

The Marmoset Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates Book
Author : George Paxinos,Charles Watson,Michael Petrides,Marcello Rosa,Hironobu Tokuno
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9780124158184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Marmoset Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates is the most comprehensive atlas of the brain of this animal available. The atlas is constructed in the style of The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates, the most-cited book in neuroscience. It represents a collaboration between world leaders in neuroanatomy of the primate cortex and subcortex. It will be an indispensible tool for neuroanatomists, behavioral neuroscientists, and molecular biologists trying to understand the primate brain. ENDORSED BY SOCIETY FOR BRAIN MAPPING AND THERAPEUTICS (SBMT) - SBMT is a non-profit society organized for the purpose of encouraging basic and clinical scientists who are interested in areas of Brain Mapping, engineering, stem cell, nanotechnology, imaging and medical device to improve the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients afflicted with neurological disorders. This society promotes the public welfare and improves patient care through the translation of new technologies/therapies into life saving diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The Society is focused in breaking boundaries of science, technology, medicine, art and healthcare policy. For more information about how to become a member or participate in SBMT programs please visit: www.WorldBrainMapping.org * 97 coronal diagrams and 97 accompanying photographic plates spaced at regular intervals and stained alternately for either Nissl or calbindin * 100 fully labeled photographic plates of acetylcholinesterase and SMI32 sections at regular stereotaxic intervals * Complete and up-to-date delineation of all areas of cortex and subcortex * Stereotaxically accurate * Electronic diagrams are available to purchasers of this book via booksite.elsevier.com/9780124158184 ENDORSED BY SOCIETY FOR BRAIN MAPPING AND THERAPEUTICS (SBMT) - SBMT is a non-profit society organized for the purpose of encouraging basic and clinical scientists who are interested in areas of Brain Mapping, engineering, stem cell, nanotechnology, imaging and medical device to improve the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients afflicted with neurological disorders. This society promotes the public welfare and improves patient care through the translation of new technologies/therapies into life saving diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The Society is focused in breaking boundaries of science, technology, medicine, art and healthcare policy. For more information about how to become a member or participate in SBMT programs visit www.WorldBrainMapping.org

Broca s Region

Broca s Region Book
Author : Yosef Grodzinsky
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-04-20
ISBN : 0195177649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paul Broca, the discoverer of Broca's region, was one of the first scientists to equate a significant piece of behaviour - articulated language - with a piece of neural tissue. This text creates a coherent, novel picture of the state of contemporary knowledge on the structure and function of the region.

The Human Cerebral Cortex

The Human Cerebral Cortex Book
Author : Michael Petrides
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9780123869388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The atlas provides nearly 200 photographs of 3D reconstructions of human brains in a standard series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections. It illustrates in detail and labels 95% of the cortex sulci and gyri, and images are presented in the MNI stereotaxic space. In addition to the standard brain and its sections are numerous examples of brains that exhibit patterns of deviating sulci and gyri. Examples of these variants are presented next to the standard illustration, accompanied by brief commentary aimed at helping users identify these variants and use them in their own work."--pub. desc.

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain Book
Author : Philip Lieberman,Stephen M. Kosslyn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In this provocative book, Lieberman shifts the focus, arguing that language is not an instinct coded in a discrete cortical "language organ", but a learned skill, based on a Functional Language System distributed over many parts of the human brain. To make his case, Lieberman synthesizes converging behavioral and neurobiological data, including clinical evidence from speech-impaired patients (some with Parkinson's disease, whose deficits are subcortical, and some with Broca's aphasia); neuroimaging; and evolutionary biology. Using this enormous body of data, he argues that human language is regulated by a network that involves regions of the neocortex often associated with nonlinguistic cognition, and even subcortical structures - our ancient reptilian brain - in addition to Broca's and Wernicke's areas in the neocortex."--BOOK JACKET.

Evolution of the Human Brain From Matter to Mind

Evolution of the Human Brain  From Matter to Mind Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 0444643184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolution of the Human Brain: From Matter to Mind, Volume 250 in the Progress in Brain Research, series documents the latest developments and insights about the origin and evolution of the human brain and mind. Specific sections in this new release include Evolution and development of the human cerebral cortex, Functional connectivity of the human cerebral cortex, Lateralization of the human cerebral cortex, Life history strategies and the human cerebral cortex, Evolution of the modern human brain, On the nature and evolution of the human mind, Origin and evolution of human cognition, Origin and evolution of human consciousness, and more. Presents insights on molecular and cellular mechanisms of human brain evolution Provides a better understanding of the origin and evolution of the human mind Includes information of the neural organization and functional connectivity of the cerebral cortex

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics Morp Slav

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics  Morp Slav Book
Author : William Bright
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A four-volume reference comprising approximately seven hundred alphabetically ordered entries, the IEL provides detailed and up-to-date information on all branches of linguistics. The IEL encompasses the full range of the contemporary field of linguistics, including historical, comparative, formal, mathematical, functional, and philosophical linguistics. It gives special attention to interrelations within branches of linguistics and to relations of linguistics with other disciplines, and covers areas of intersection with the social and behavioral sciences, as well as interdisciplinary work in language and literatures, mathematical linguistics, computational linguistics, and applied linguistics. Providing abundant examples with literal glosses and English translations, the IEL offers extensive coverage of languages and language families, from English and Japanese to Hittite and Yoruba. Bringing together the latest information on the diverse subject matters of linguistics, and including a network of cross references, this encyclopedia is an invaluable resource.

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Communication

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Communication Book
Author : Vesna Mildner
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2010-10-18
ISBN : 1136875298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a book about speech and language. It is primarily intended for those interested in speech and its neurophysiological bases: phoneticians, linguists, educators, speech therapists, psychologists, and neuroscientists. Although speech and language are its central topic, it provides information about related topics as well (e.g. structure and functioning of the central nervous system, research methods in neuroscience, theories and models of speech production and perception, learning, and memory). Data on clinical populations are given in parallel with studies of healthy subjects because such comparisons can give a better understanding of intact and disordered speech and language functions. There is a review of literature (more than 600 sources) and research results covering areas such as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, development of the nervous system, sex differences, history of neurolinguistics, behavioral, neuroimaging and other research methods in neuroscience, linguistics and psychology, theories and models of the nervous system function including speech and language processing, kinds of memory and learning and their neural substrates, critical periods, various aspects of normal speech and language processes (e.g. phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, reading), bilingualism, speech and language disorders, and many others. Newcomers to the field of neurolinguistics will find it as readable as professionals will because it is organized in a way that gives the readers flexibility and an individual approach to the text. The language is simple but all the technical terms are provided, explained, and illustrated. A comprehensive glossary provides additional information.

How the Brain Works

How the Brain Works Book
Author : Mark Wm. Dubin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-14
ISBN : 1118854845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Not just another standard introduction to neuroanatomy, How theBrain Works is an innovative and fun way to learn about thefunction and dysfunction of the central nervous system, asexplained in nine easy-to-understand "lectures." This exciting new addition to the "How it Works" series does awaywith the use of exhaustive details and tedious definitions toprovide an understandable and scientifically sound overview of thehuman brain. This book is neither an outline nor a summary, but aninformal approach to the relationship between physiology andmanifest behavior, including all essential elements covered in mostcourses. Students will find this book to be the perfect introduction totheir neuroscience courses, as well as a quick review for exam.Professionals will enjoy the way in which this complex topic isaddressed in a simple and straightforward manner, and the generalreader will satisfy a basic curiosity about the brain and its rolewithin the central nervous system.

From Ecology to Brain Development Bridging Separate Evolutionary Paradigms

From Ecology to Brain Development  Bridging Separate Evolutionary Paradigms Book
Author : Francisco Aboitiz,Miguel L. Concha,Christian González-Billault,Jorge Mpodozis
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 2889455572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The nervous system is the product of biological evolution and is shaped by the interplay between extrinsic factors determining the ecology of animals, and by intrinsic processes that dictate the developmental rules that give rise to adult functional structures. This special topic is oriented to develop an integrative view from behavior and ecology to neurodevelopmental processes. We address questions such as how do sensory systems evolve according to ecological conditions? How do neural networks organize to generate adaptive behavior? How does cognition and brain connectivity evolve? What are the developmental mechanisms that give rise to functional adaptation? Accordingly, the book is divided in three sections, (i) Evolution of sensorimotor systems; (ii) Cognitive computations and neural circuits, and (iii) Development and brain evolution. We hope that this initiative will support an interdisciplinary program that addresses the nervous system as a unified organ, subject to both functional and developmental constraints, where the final outcome results of a compromise between different parameters rather than being the result of several single variables acting independently of each other.

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders Book
Author : Georgios P. D. Argyropoulos
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-27
ISBN : 3030356876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the first presentation of the state-of-the-art in the application of modern Neuroscience research in predicting, preventing and alleviating the negative sequelae of neurodevelopmental, acquired, or neurodegenerative brain abnormalities on speech and language. To this end, this edited volume brings together contributions from several leading experts in a markedly broad range of disciplines, comprising Neurology, Neurosurgery, Genetics, Engineering, Neuroimaging and Neurostimulation, Neuropsychology, and Speech and Language Therapy.

The Study of Language

The Study of Language Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-07-26
ISBN : 1107152992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Study of Language book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Language beyond Words The Neuroscience of Accent

Language beyond Words  The Neuroscience of Accent Book
Author : Ignacio Moreno-Torres,Peter Mariën,Guadalupe Dávila,Marcelo L. Berthier
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-03-23
ISBN : 2889451070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Language learning also implies the acquisition of a set of phonetic rules and prosodic contours which define the accent in that language. While often considered as merely accessory, accent is an essential component of psychological identity as it embodies information on origin, culture, and social class. Speaking with a non-standard (foreign) accent is not inconsequential because it may negatively impact communication and social adjustment. Nevertheless, the lack of a formal definition of accent may explain that, as compared with other aspects of language, it has received relatively little attention until recently. During the past decade there has been increasing interest in the analysis of accent from a neuroscientific perspective. This e-book integrates data from different scientific frameworks. The reader will find fruitful research on new models of accent processing, how learning a new accent proceeds, and the role of feedback on accent learning in healthy subjects. In addition, information on accent changes in pathological conditions including developmental and psychogenic foreign accent syndromes as well as the description of a new variant of foreign accent syndrome is also included. It is anticipated that the articles in this e-book will enhance the understanding of accent as a linguistic phenomenon, the neural networks supporting it and potential interventions to accelerate acquisition or relearning of native accents.

How Language Began

How Language Began Book
Author : Daniel Everett
Publisher : Profile Books
Release : 2017-09-21
ISBN : 1782831282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In his groundbreaking new book Daniel Everett seeks answers to questions that have perplexed thinkers from Plato to Chomsky: when and how did language begin? what is it? and what is it for? Daniel Everett confounds the conventional wisdom that language originated with Homo sapiens 150,000 years ago and that we have a 'language instinct'. Drawing on evidence from a wide range of fields, including linguistics, archaeology, biology, anthropology and neuroscience, he shows that our ancient ancestors, Homo erectus, had the biological and mental equipment for speech one and half million years ago, and that their cultural and technological achievements (including building ocean-going boats) make it overwhelmingly likely they spoke some kind of language. How Language Began sheds new light on language and culture and what it means to be human and, as always, Daniel Everett spices his account with incident and anecdote. His book is convincing, arresting and entertaining.