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Neuro ophthalmology

Neuro ophthalmology Book
Author : Christopher Kennard,R. John Leigh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0444529039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive look into the innovative methods used to explore the visual system. From the way the brain processes vision, an imperative part of the human experience, to the role eye movement plays in a range of questions concerning visual perception, memory, attention, free will, and even topological diagnoses, this in-depth handbook gives neurologists, ophthalmologists, and neuro-ophthalmologists an invaluable tool to help them better understand the visual system. Disorders of the retinal and cerebral cortex, and those that affect control of eye and lid movements are thoroughly discussed, along with groundbreaking visual rehabilitative methods, and chapters on individual parts of the visual system. Practitioners will find a useful resource that lays out fundamental concepts, while seamlessly summarizing clinical and laboratory methods for neuro-ophthalmological evaluation. The material is perfect for early-stage physicians or long practicing specialists who wish to learn the latest developments in the field. * A comprehensive resource that explores the innovative methods used to understand the visual system * An in-depth study of how the brain processes vision, and the role certain functions such as eye movement play in visual diagnosis and memory * Clinical and laboratory methods of evaluation that are perfect for physicians and specialists in any stage of practice

Neuro Ophthalmology

Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Desmond P. Kidd
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-18
ISBN : 1447124103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents fifty clinical cases in neuro-ophthalmology, some of which are common and some of which are rare. Each case is presented as a diagnostic and management challenge as found in clinical practice. High quality clinical photographs and images bring the cases to life alongside the diagnostic process and management decisions of an experienced specialist. A short summary of important aspects of the pathogenesis and treatment of each disease finishes each case. Neuro-Ophthalmology: Illustrated Case Studies entertains and instructs the reader and is ideal reading for doctors in training in this area, as well as general consultant neurologists and ophthalmologists.

Neuro Ophthalmology Illustrated

Neuro Ophthalmology Illustrated Book
Author : Valerie Biousse,Nancy Newman
Publisher : Thieme Medical Publishers
Release : 2019-11-09
ISBN : 9781684200740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A highly praised, well written, and richly illustrated modern classic in neuro-ophthalmology now in an exciting new edition with video clips! Neuro-ophthalmology is an "overlap" specialty, encompassing all disorders that affect the parts of the central nervous system related to vision. Neuro-Ophthalmology Illustrated, Third Edition by world-renowned neuro-ophthalmologists and professors Valérie Biousse and Nancy J. Newman expands on the widely acclaimed prior editions, lauded with awards by the Association of American Publishers and the British Medical Association. The updated text reflects diagnostic advances such as optical coherence tomography and features new high-quality images and videos. The text starts with neuro-ophthalmic and funduscopic examinations, visual fields, commonly used ancillary testing methods, and an overview of visual loss. Subsequent chapters detail a wide array of conditions including retinal vascular diseases, optic neuropathies, disc edema, disorders of higher cortical function, abnormal visual perceptions, diplopia, orbital syndromes, cavernous sinus and orbital vascular disorders, nystagmus/other ocular oscillations, and disorders of the eyelid. Final chapters are dedicated to nonorganic neuro-ophthalmic symptoms and signs, diagnosis of headache and facial pain, neurologic and systemic disorders that commonly have neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations, and an approach to management of the visually impaired patient. Key Highlights Concise text coupled with more than 600 high-quality images enhances understanding of complex concepts Easily accessible within pertinent sections, 69 video clips cover a wide spectrum of topics such as examination techniques, normal eye movements, eye movement disorders, and pupil findings Clinical pearls, flow charts, boxes, tables, and a highly detailed index at the end of the text improve retention and assimilation of knowledge This book is essential reading for students, ophthalmology, neurology, and neurosurgery residents, as well as seasoned clinicians in these specialties. At once authoritative and easy to read, this resource provides readers with all the tools they need to diagnose and manage neuro-ophthalmologic disorders. This book includes complimentary access to a digital copy on https://medone.thieme.com.

Neuro Ophthalmology

Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Matthew J. Thurtell,Robert L. Tomsak,Robert B. Daroff
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-12-01
ISBN : 0195390849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuro-ophthalmology is a field of medicine that touches on every subspecialty in neurology, but has an undeserved reputation as a branch of knowledge that is difficult to learn and practice. Many neurologists and ophthalmologists do not receive sufficient exposure to neuro-ophthalmology during their residencies, and are uncomfortable diagnosing and treating patients with neuro-ophthalmic problems. Authored by neuro-ophthalmologists whose careers span three generations in the field, Neuro-Ophthalmology helps clinicians evaluate and manage patients with neuro-ophthalmic problems. This "curb-side consult" approach is divided into five sections: afferent (visual) disorders; efferent (eye movement) disorders; eyelid disorders; pupil disorders; and combination syndromes. Based on the most current scholarly evidence and filled with practical advice, Neuro-Ophthalmology provides the answers to "what do I do now?"

Clinical Neuro Ophthalmology

Clinical Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Ulrich Schiefer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-29
ISBN : 3540327061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology is a challenge for residents and experienced clinicians alike. This book covers all relevant techniques of diagnosis as well as interpretations of clinical signs. All information is highly structured, highlighting 'definition', 'note' and 'pearl', so that it can also be used by the physician during the patient encounter. The included flow chart posters remind the physician of the most important information.Further, the accompanying animated CD contains: all of the text passages in a searchable format, interactive case demonstrations, animated sequences of clinical signs andvideo recordings of clinical examinations.This unique and practical guide offers invaluable and practical advice for physicians treating patients with neuro-ophthalmic problems.

50 Illustrated Cases in Neuro ophthalmology

50 Illustrated Cases in Neuro ophthalmology Book
Author : Martyn Bracewell,Desmond Kidd
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-09
ISBN : 9781447124115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuro-ophthalmology lies at the interface of Neurology and Ophthalmology. Neuro-ophthalmologists typically receive referrals from general ophthalmologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and endocrinologists caring for patients with pituitary tumors and thyroid disease. Typical neuro-ophthalmologic problems including visual loss, diplopia, nystagmus, optic neuritis, papilloedema, visual field defects, ptosis, and pupil abnormalities. Some neuro-ophthalmology cases are life-threatening medical emergencies requiring prompt diagnosis and management some cases are manifestations of multisystem disease. This book presents 50 clinical cases, both commonly and rarely occurring, collected by experts in the field. Each case is presented as a diagnostic and management challenge as found in clinical practice. High quality clinical photographs and images will bring the case to life alongside the diagnostic process and management decisions of experienced specialists, with clear diagrams and tables to summarise key points effectively. This book will challenge, entertain and instruct the reader focusing on issues in diagnosis in an area that many doctors in training and general consultant neurologists and ophthalmologists find challenging.

Neuro ophthalmology Review Manual

Neuro ophthalmology Review Manual Book
Author : Lanning B. Kline,Frank J. Bajandas
Publisher : SLACK Incorporated
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781556427893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost 30 years since it was first published, Neuro-Ophthalmology Review Manual by Drs. Lanning B. Kline and Frank J. Bajandas is now available in an updated Sixth Edition. With new information and effective exercises, this easy-to-read reference addresses the clinical neuro-ophthalmology principles used in everyday practice. Neuro-Ophthalmology Review Manual, Sixth Edition's use of illustrations, anatomy diagrams, and tables allow for a user-friendly format and quick access to valuable information. This sixth edition includes 28 tables; 138 figures, including 33 hypothetical cases to test the reader in diagnosing visual field problems; and updated and expanded references for all chapters. New to this Sixth Edition: • Revised chapter on supranuclear and internuclear gaze pathways • Revised chapter on headache • Updated and expanded chapter on visual fields • Updated and expanded chapter on nystagmus and related ocular oscillations Topics addressed inside include: • Ocular motor cranial nerve syndromes • Cavernous sinus syndrome • The pupil • Optic nerve disorders • Eyelid abnormalities • Carotid artery disease • Non-organic visual disorders • Phakomatoses • Ancillary clinical procedures Neuro-Ophthalmology Review Manual, Sixth Edition is a succinct text for all practitioners and residents in ophthalmology, neurology, and neurosurgery. A popular choice among colleagues for almost 30 years, this text is a must-have resource in neuro-ophthalmology.

Neuro vascular Neuro ophthalmology

Neuro vascular Neuro ophthalmology Book
Author : Mark J. Kupersmith
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642776205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuro-ophthalmological symptoms frequently arise in disorders which alter the intracranial and intraorbital circulation. Because of the wide range of sensory and cognitive systems involved in vision and eye movements, visual disturbances are typically found in the common vascular disorders, such as atherosclerosis, migraine, and aneurysms, but can also result from practically any, common or rare,local or systemic vascular disorder. The dysfunction can be part of a largersyndrome or the predominant clinical abnormality. Many of the newer concepts concerning the diagnosis and treatment of neurovascular disorders have evolved in consequence of advances in techniques for neuroimaging such as MRI; methods of measuring systemic coagulation and inflammation; and superselective catheterization ofabnormal blood vessels and vascular lesions. The neuroophthalmological evaluation of clinical signs and symptoms often leads to accurate localization and diagnosis of the lesion. Many of these clinical abnormalities, such as visual field defects and ocular misalignments, can be quantified and followed to assess either the natural history of the disorder or the effects of therapies. No one medical specialty can manage these neurovascular neuro-ophthalmological disorders alone. The complexity of diagnosis and treatment planning requires a multi- disciplinary team. This approach, bringing ophthalmologists, neurosurgeons, and neurologists together to confer in the management of these cases, has been pioneered by the authors' group at the New York University Medical Center.

Clinical Neuro Ophthalmology

Clinical Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Ulrich Schiefer,Helmut Wilhelm,William Hart
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-11
ISBN : 3540327088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all relevant techniques of diagnosis as well as interpretations of clinical signs in Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology. All information is highly structured, highlighting ‘definition’, ‘note’ and ‘pearl’, so that it can also be used by the physician during the patient encounter. The included flow chart posters remind the physician of the most important information. This unique and practical guide offers invaluable and practical advice for physicians treating patients with neuro-ophthalmic problems.

Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology Wills Eye Institute Neuro Ophthalmology

Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology    Wills Eye Institute    Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Peter J. Savino,Helen V. Danesh-Meyer
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2012-05-01
ISBN : 1609132661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Developed at Philadelphia's famed Wills Eye Institute, the series presents unmistakable guidelines for the differential diagnosis and treatment of the full range of ophthalmic problems. For each condition there are photographs coupled with salient points of epidemiology, history, physical examination, differential diagnosis, laboratory and special examinations, disease course, and up-to-date treatments. The Series is a unique combination of text, quick reference, and color atlas, covering every essential sub-specialty in Ophthalmology including pediatrics. Each title features more than 150 color illustrations throughout and a short, succinct format which in most cases, includes: Epidemiology and Etiology, History, Physical Examination, Differential Diagnosis, Laboratory and Special Examinations, Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Management. The book is designed as an aid to the diagnosis and management of Vitreoretinal disease in the care of patients and as a resource for the student and trainee"--Provided by publisher.

Pediatric Neuro Ophthalmology

Pediatric Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Michael C. Brodsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-23
ISBN : 9780387690698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Due to the generous representation of the afferent visual system within the brain, neurological disease may disrupt vision as a presenting symptom or as a secondary effect of the disease. Conversely, early developmental disturbances of vision often disrupt ocular motor control systems, giving rise to complex disorders such as nystagmus, strabismus, and torticollis. The signs and symptoms of neurological disease are elusive by their very nature, presenting a confounding diagnostic challenge. Neurological medications and neurosurgical treatments can produce neuro-ophthalmological dysfunction that can be difficult to distinguish from disease progression. Affected patients may experience substantial delays in diagnosis, and are often subjected to extensive (and expensive) diagnostic testing. Scientific articles pertaining to specific disorders are scattered throughout medical subspecialty journals. These children continue to "fall through the cracks" of our medical education system. The increasing recognition that pediatric neuro-ophthalmology comprises a distinct set of diseases from those seen in adults has led to its emergence as a dedicated field of study. "Since the original publication of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology nearly fourteen years ago, interest in the field has burgeoned. Pediatric ophthalmology and pediatric neurology subspecialty conferences often include symposia dedicated to recent advances in pediatric neuro-ophthalmology. Technical advances in neuroimaging have given rise to a more integrated mechanistic classification of neuro-ophthalmological disease in children. Our understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders of the visual system has expanded, longstanding monoliths have been dissembled into component parts, basic molecular mechanisms have taken center stage, and genetic underpinnings have become definitional. Evolutionary alterations can now be observed at the level of the gene, adding a new dimension to our understanding of disease pathogenesis. New classifications now encompass clinically disparate conditions. Descriptive definitions have been supplanted by mechanistic ones, and clinical definitions superseded by genetic ones. Our concept of disease pathogenesis has been revised and in some cases overturned. Bearing witness to these remarkable advancements has compelled me to enhance and expand the first edition of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology into this new and revised one. "In the first edition of this book, our goal was to present the clinical characteristics, diagnostic evaluation, and therapeutic options for the common neuro-ophthalmologic disorders of childhood. In so doing, we designed the book to be provide a narrative journey through the thought processes involved in the clinical management of these disorders. In this edition, I have retained the basic narrative format of original book, while expanding the exploration of these complex visual disorders in the context of the many new scientific advancements and discoveries that have come to light. These conditions are fun to diagnose, fascinating to understand, and gratifying to manage." --from the Preface to the 2nd Edition.

Pediatric Ophthalmology Neuro Ophthalmology Genetics

Pediatric Ophthalmology  Neuro Ophthalmology  Genetics Book
Author : Birgit Lorenz,Francois-Xavier Borruat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-16
ISBN : 3540336796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This superbly structured text is designed for practical ease of use. Quick and easy to read, it bridges the gap between primary literature and daily practice in this specialized field. Neuro-ophthalmology encompasses lesions of both the afferent and efferent pathways, which can result from various etiologies, including tumoral, paraneoplastic, vascular, inflammatory, infectious, or hereditary – just to name a few. This volume of Essentials in Ophthalmology is dedicated to the review of new developments in neuro-ophthalmology. It has been written by an array of authors with real expertise in the subject. The text includes all the latest developments, including those in diagnosis, physiology, investigations, and in therapeutic options.

Clinical Pathways in Neuro Ophthalmology

Clinical Pathways in Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Andrew G. Lee,Paul W. Brazis
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 160406448X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an ophthalmologist and a neurologist with more than 30 years experience between them, this is the first book devoted specifically to differential diagnosis in neuro-ophthalmology. The expanded and updated second edition uses an evidence-based approach to link symptoms to specific findings, and covers all major advances in the field.The book utilizes a series of easy-to-follow pathways - supported by helpful tables and expertly written text - to help you walk through any clinical situation and confidently reach a diagnosis. Topics covered include: optic neuritis, diplopia, lid retraction, nerve palsies, and much more!Benefit from these key features:- Emphasis on cost-effective, evidence-based techniques- Coverage of new topics such as optic nerve glioma, meningiomas, and papilledema- Valuable tables of pathologies and clinical findings that help detect unusual signs and avoid common misinterpretations- Practical, easy-to-use format - written with the front line clinician in mind- Thousands of useful and updated referencesHere is an invaluable resource for all ophthalmologists, neurosurgeons, and neurologists who need the latest diagnostic and treatment techniques for neuro-ophthalmologic disorders. Residents and students will find it an outstanding introduction to the field.

Curbside Consultation in Neuro ophthalmology

Curbside Consultation in Neuro ophthalmology Book
Author : Andrew G. Lee,Paul W. Brazis,Lanning B. Kline
Publisher : SLACK Incorporated
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781556428401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Are you looking for concise, practical answers to those questions that are often left unanswered by traditional texts and references in neuro-ophthalmology? Are you seeking brief, evidence-based advice for common clinical dilemmas or complications?Curbside Consultation in Neuro-Ophthalmology: 49 Clinical Questions provides quick and direct answers to the thorny questions most commonly posed during a “curbside consultation” between neuro-ophthalmologists. Dr. Andrew G. Lee, and associate editors Dr. Paul W. Brazis and Dr. Lanning B. Kline, have designed this unique reference in which neuro-ophthalmologists offer expert advice, preferences, and opinions on tough clinical questions commonly associated with neuro-ophthalmology. The unique Q&A format provides quick access to current information related to neuro-ophthalmology with the simplicity of a conversation between two colleagues. Images, diagrams, and references are included to enhance the text and to illustrate common clinical dilemmas. Curbside Consultation in Neuro-Ophthalmology: 49 Clinical Questions provides information basic enough for residents while also incorporating expert pearls that even high-volume ophthalmologists will appreciate. Residents, fellows, and practicing physicians alike will benefit from the user-friendly and casual format and the expert advice contained within. Some of the questions that are answered: • What is the best way to manage papilledema? • What treatments are there for traumatic optic neuropathy? • When and how do I order an imaging study in neuro-ophthalmology? • What is the work-up for anterior ischemic optic neuropathy? • What evaluation is necessary for an isolated ocular motor cranial neuropathy?

Neuro ophthalmology

Neuro ophthalmology Book
Author : Christopher Kennard,R. John Leigh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-06-28
ISBN : 0702045470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Clinical Neurology Vol 102: Neuro-Ophthalmology provides a comprehensive discussion of the field of neuro-ophthalmology. The book is organized into four sections. Section 1 lays out fundamental concepts of the visual system and eye movements. It discusses the anatomy and physiology of the afferent visual system and the ocular motor system, and the neuro-ophthalmological examination. Section 2 deals with disorders of the afferent visual system, covering retinal disorders; abnormalities of the optic disc; lesions of the optic nerve; the optic chiasm; disorders of the optic tract, radiation, and occipital lobe; disorders of higher visual processing; and rehabilitative techniques. Section 3 discusses ocular motor abnormalities, including infranuclear ocular motor disorders; nuclear, internuclear, and supranuclear ocular motor disorders; nystagmus and saccadic intrusions; disorders of higher gaze control; and normal and abnormal lid function. Section 4 covers disorders of the pupil; neuro-ophthalmology of orbital disease; and functional neuro-ophthalmology. This book will be useful to early-stage physicians, as well as specialists interested in the latest developments in neuro-ophthalmology. A comprehensive resource that explores the innovative methods used to understand the visual system An in-depth study of how the brain processes vision, and the role certain functions such as eye movement play in visual diagnosis and memory Clinical and laboratory methods of evaluation that are perfect for physicians and specialists in any stage of practice

Neuro Ophthalmology

Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Judit Somlai,Tibor Kovács
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-25
ISBN : 331928956X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical guide provides an algorithm for diagnosis and treatment, from ‘having some problem with vision’, via diagnosis of cause and background, to treatment and eventually to rehabilitation. Following on from introductory sections devoted to the role of neuro-ophthalmology, recent developments in the field, and an overview of neuro-ophthalmological examinations, there are sections devoted to the different parts of the visual system, and finally a section on rehabilitation. Neuro-ophthalmology is aimed at ophthalmologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, traumatologists, neuroradiologists, experts in cardiology and stroke, and trainees in these areas. It will also be of interest to neuro-rehabilitation specialists, neuropsychologists, and those working in typhlopedagogy and health informatics.

Neuro ophthalmology Illustrated

Neuro ophthalmology Illustrated Book
Author : Valérie Biousse,Nancy J. Newman
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781604061567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Praise for this book: "[Five stars] Provid[es] succinct and easy to understand information with excellent illustrations...the wealth of color illustrations [are] invaluable to students learning about these disorders." - Doody's Review With nearly 900 illustrations and the combined 40-year experience of the authors, Neuro-Ophthalmology Illustrated serves as an atlas and a source of concise clinical information on the entire field. From anatomy and pathophysiology to diagnosis and management, the book provides a unique approach to thinking about, assessing, and treating neuro-ophthalmic disorders. It offers a "how-to" on performing the essential examination, and covers disorders of the visual afferent system, the pupil, ocular motor efferent systems, and the orbit and lid. The authors also point out the important neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations associated with common neurologic and systemic disorders. Highlights: Offers a basic introduction to anatomy, physiology, and examination of the eye for neurology students Teaches brain anatomy and the fundamentals of neuro-imaging to ophthalmologists Provides the coherent approach of two master teachers in the field Begins each chapter with a quick outline of contents, and concludes with a comprehensive index Features a handy examination chart and near card for easy reference A portable atlas, manual, and study guide in one, Neuro-Ophthalmology Illustrated is perfect for residents preparing for board examinations in ophthalmology, neurology and neurosurgery. Practitioners and instructors of neuro-ophthalmology will also find this highly visual pocketbook a useful reference in their practice and classroom.

Neuro Ophthalmology

Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Matthew J. Thurtell MD,Robert L. Tomsak MD, PhD
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 0190603976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the "What Do I Do Now?" series, Neuro-Ophthalmology uses a case-based approach to cover common and important topics in the examination, investigation, and management of afferent visual, efferent eye movement, eyelid, pupil, and orbital disorders. Each chapter provides a discussion of the diagnosis, key points to remember, and selected references for further reading. For this new edition, all cases and references have been updated and new cases have been added, including neuroretinitis, autosomal dominant optic atrophy, carotid-cavernous fistula, and more. Neuro-Ophthalmology is an engaging collection of thought-provoking cases which clinicians can utilize when they encounter difficult patients. The volume is also a self-assessment tool that tests the reader's ability to answer the question, "What do I do now?"

Controversies in Neuro Ophthalmology

Controversies in Neuro Ophthalmology Book
Author : Andrew G. Lee,Jacinthe Rouleau,Reid Longmuir
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420070932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuro-ophthalmology, like in any field of medicine, has many areas where controversy exists in diagnosis and treatment. Controversies in Neuro-Ophthalmology provides a comprehensive overview on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of neuro-ophthalmic disorders and specifically addresses areas where there is a general lack of consens

Neuro ophthalmology

Neuro ophthalmology Book
Author : Andreas Straube,U. Büttner
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 380558251X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All motor behavior is characterized by sensory inputs causing specific motor reactions. Because humans modify motor reactions voluntarily or through experience, this input-output relation is more complex in humans than in lower vertebrates. Eye movements provide a window on fundamental brain function, not only for topographic diagnosis of dysfunctions but also for the comprehension of normal brain function. This book highlights basic mechanical properties of eye movements, explains the neuronal basis of the vestibular-ocular reflex, saccadic eye movements, smooth-pursuit eye movements, and vergence eye movements, and deals with their pharmacological manipulation in disorders. Since precise measurement of motor reactions is essential for understanding the oculomotor system, one chapter critically discusses current registration methods, and another one considers the possibilities and limitations of modeling it by control theory methods. Its comprehensive characterization of eye movements and their relation to brain function makes this publication essential reading to ophthalmologists, neurologists, and clinical neuropsychologists.