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Neural Mechanisms Of Addiction

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Neural Mechanisms of Addiction

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction Book
Author : Mary Torregrossa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 0128123311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction is the only book available that synthesizes the latest research in the field into a single, accessible resource covering all aspects of how addiction develops and persists in the brain. The book summarizes our most recent understanding on the neural mechanisms underlying addiction. It also examines numerous biobehavioral aspects of addiction disorders, such as reinforcement learning, reward, cognitive dysfunction, stress, and sleep and circadian rhythms that are not covered in any other publication. Readers with find the most up-to-date information on which to build a foundation for their future research in this expanding field. Combining chapters from leading researchers and thought leaders, this book is an indispensable guide for students and investigators engaged in addiction research. Transcends multiple neural, neurochemical and behavioral domains Summarizes advances in the field of addiction research since the advent of optogenetics Discusses the most current, leading theories of addiction, including molecular mechanisms and dopamine mechanisms

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction Book
Author : Stephen J. Wilson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-07-07
ISBN : 1118472241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a thorough and up-to-date synthesis of the expansive and highly influential literature from the last 30 years by bringing together contributions from leading authorities in the field, with emphasis placed on the most commonly investigated drugs of abuse. Emphasises the most commonly investigated drugs of abuse, including alcohol, cocaine, nicotine, and opiates Brings together the work of the leading authorities in all major areas of the field Provides novel coverage of cutting-edge methods for using cognitive neuroscience to advance the treatment of addiction, including real-time neurofeedback and brain stimulation methods Includes new material on emerging themes and future directions in the use of cognitive neuroscience to advance addiction science

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction Book
Author : Mary Torregrossa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10
ISBN : 9780128122020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, optogenetics and other newly developed techniques have rapidly advanced researchers' understanding of addiction, particular the basic biology of reinforcement learning that is usurped by abused substances. Neural Mechanisms of Addiction is the only book available that synthesizes the latest research in the field into a single, accessible resource covering all aspects of how addiction develops and persists in the brain. The book summarizes our most recent understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying addiction. It also examines numerous biobehavioral aspects of addiction disorders - such as reinforcement learning, reward, cognitive dysfunction, stress, and sleep and circadian rhythms - that are not covered in any other book publication. Neural Mechanisms of Addiction will provide readers with the most up-to-date information to build a foundation for their future research as the field continues to grow and expand. Combining chapters from leading researchers and thought leaders, the book will be an indispensable guide for students and investigators at all levels engaged in addiction researchers. Transcends multiple neural, neurochemical, and behavioral domains Summarizes the advances in the field of addiction research since the advent of optogenetics Discusses the current leading theories of addiction, including molecular mechanisms and dopamine mechanisms

Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction Book
Author : Reinout W. Wiers,Alan W. Stacy
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781412909747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction' brings together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research, thus providing an opportunity to move the field forward by integrating research from previously independent fields.

Pathways of Addiction

Pathways of Addiction Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-10-01
ISBN : 9780309175388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug abuse persists as one of the most costly and contentious problems on the nation's agenda. Pathways of Addiction meets the need for a clear and thoughtful national research agenda that will yield the greatest benefit from today's limited resources. The committee makes its recommendations within the public health framework and incorporates diverse fields of inquiry and a range of policy positions. It examines both the demand and supply aspects of drug abuse. Pathways of Addiction offers a fact-filled, highly readable examination of drug abuse issues in the United States, describing findings and outlining research needs in the areas of behavioral and neurobiological foundations of drug abuse. The book covers the epidemiology and etiology of drug abuse and discusses several of its most troubling health and social consequences, including HIV, violence, and harm to children. Pathways of Addiction looks at the efficacy of different prevention interventions and the many advances that have been made in treatment research in the past 20 years. The book also examines drug treatment in the criminal justice setting and the effectiveness of drug treatment under managed care. The committee advocates systematic study of the laws by which the nation attempts to control drug use and identifies the research questions most germane to public policy. Pathways of Addiction provides a strategic outline for wise investment of the nation's research resources in drug abuse. This comprehensive and accessible volume will have widespread relevance--to policymakers, researchers, research administrators, foundation decisionmakers, healthcare professionals, faculty and students, and concerned individuals.

Chronic Pain and Addiction

Chronic Pain and Addiction Book
Author : M.R. Clark,G.J. Treisman
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2011-04-20
ISBN : 3805597266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Patients with chronic pain understandably seek relief from their distress and discomfort, but many medications that alleviate pain are potentially addictive, and most chronic pain conditions only have a temporary response to opiate analgesic drugs. This volume reviews the fundamental topics that underlie the complex relationships of this controversial domain. The authors review behavioral models and practical methods for understanding and treating chronic pain and addiction including methods to formulate patients with complex comorbidity and screen patients with chronic pain for addictive liability. Finally, the authors describe the current findings from clinical and basic science that illuminate the role of opiates, cannabinoids and ketamine in the treatment of chronic pain. Up to date and comprehensive, this book is relevant to all professionals engaged in the care of patients with chronic pain or addiction and all others interested in these contemporary issues, particularly non-clinicians seeking clarity in the controversy over the best approach to patients with chronic pain.

Addictive Disorders

Addictive Disorders Book
Author : Michael F. Fleming,Kristen Lawton Barry
Publisher : Year Book Medical Pub
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses on ambulatory care of patients adversely affected by addictive substances such as tobacco and alcohol. Topics include urine drug screening, medical withdrawal and detoxification, smoking cessation strategies, and substance abuse in adolescents, women and elderly patients.

Addiction Neuroethics

Addiction Neuroethics Book
Author : Adrian Carter,Wayne Hall,Judy Illes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-10-04
ISBN : 0123859743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research increasingly suggests that addiction has a genetic and neurobiological basis, but efforts to translate research into effective clinical treatments and social policy needs to be informed by careful ethical analyses of the personal and social implications. Scientists and policy makers alike must consider possible unintended negative consequences of neuroscience research so that the promise of reducing the burden and incidence of addiction can be fully realized and new advances translated into clinically meaningful and effective treatments. This volume brings together leading addiction researchers and practitioners with neuroethicists and social scientists to specifically discuss the ethical, philosophical, legal and social implications of neuroscience research of addiction, as well as its translation into effective, economical and appropriate policy and treatments. Chapters explore the history of ideas about addiction, the neuroscience of drug use and addiction, prevention and treatment of addiction, the moral implications of addiction neuroscience, legal issues and human rights, research ethics, and public policy. Features outstanding and truly international scholarship, with chapters written by leading experts in neuroscience, addiction medicine, psychology and more Informs psychologists of related research in neuroscience and vice versa, giving researchers easy one-stop access to knowledge outside their area of specialty

Drugs Addiction and the Brain

Drugs  Addiction  and the Brain Book
Author : George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Michel Le Moal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-12
ISBN : 0123869595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease

Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-02-18
ISBN : 0128092963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease: Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, and Drugs of Abuse in Everyday Lifestyles is a complete guide to the manifold effects of addictive substances on the brain, providing readers with the latest developing research on how these substances are implicated in neurological development and dysfunction. Cannabis, cocaine, and other illicit drugs can have substantial negative effects on the structure and functioning of the brain. However, other common habituating and addictive substances often used as part of an individual’s lifestyle, i.e., alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, painkillers can also compromise brain health and effect or accentuate neurological disease. This book provides broad coverage of the effects of addictive substances on the brain, beginning with an overview of how the substances lead to dysfunction before examining each substance in depth. It discusses the pathology of addiction, the structural damage resulting from abuse of various substances, and covers the neurobiological, neurodegenerative, behavioral, and cognitive implications of use across the lifespan, from prenatal exposure, to adolescence and old age. This book aids researchers seeking an understanding of the neurological changes that these substances induce, and is also extremely useful for those seeking potential treatments and therapies for individuals suffering from chronic abuse of these substances. Integrates current research on the actions of addictive substances in neurological disease Includes functional foods, such as caffeine beverages, that have habituating effects on the brain Provides a synopsis of key ideas associated with the consequences of addictive and habituating lifestyle substances

Addiction and Self Control

Addiction and Self Control Book
Author : Neil Levy
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-12
ISBN : 0199862583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings cutting edge neuroscience and psychology into dialogue with philosophical reflection to illuminate the loss of control experienced by addicts, and thereby cast light on ordinary agency and the way in which it sometimes goes wrong.

Behavioral Neuroscience of Drug Addiction

Behavioral Neuroscience of Drug Addiction Book
Author : David W. Self,Julie K. Staley Gottschalk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-18
ISBN : 9783642030017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing mental illness involving severe motivational disturbances and loss of behavioral control leading to personal dev- tation. The disorder af?icts millions of people, often co-occurring with other mental illnesses with enormous social and economic costs to society. Several decades of research have established that drugs of abuse hijack the brain’s natural reward substrates, and that chronic drug use causes aberrant alterations in these rewa- processing systems. Such aberrations may be demonstrated at the cellular, neu- transmitter, and regional levels of information processing using either animal models or neuroimaging in humans following chronic drug exposure. Behaviorally, these neural aberrations manifest as exaggerated, altered or dysfunctional expr- sion of learned behavioral responses related to the pursuit of drug rewards, or to environmental factors that precipitate craving and relapse during periods of drug withdrawal. Current research efforts are aimed at understanding the associative and causal relationships between these neurobiological and behavioral events, such that treatment options will ultimately employ therapeutic amelioration of neural de?cits and restoration of normal brain processing to promote efforts to abstain from further drug use. The Behavioral Neuroscience of Drug Addiction, part of the Springer series on Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, contains scholarly reviews by noted experts on multiple topics from both basic and clinical neuroscience ?elds.

Neurobiology of Cocaine Addiction

Neurobiology of Cocaine Addiction Book
Author : Eric J. Nestler
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2008-05
ISBN : 1428988262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cocaine produces its psychoactive & addictive effects primarily by acting on the brain¿s limbic system, a set of interconnected regions that regulate pleasure & motivation. An initial, short-term effect -- a buildup of the neurochemical dopamine -- gives rise to euphoria & a desire to take the drug again. Researchers are seeking to understand how cocaine¿s many longer term effects produce addiction¿s persistent cravings & risk of relapse. This paper focuses on the buildup of the genetic transcription factor DeltaFosB in the limbic system which correlate with addiction-like behaviors in mice & may precipitate very long-lasting changes to nerve cell structure. This is one of the first steps toward an understanding of the transition from cocaine abuse to addiction.

The Molecular Basis of Drug Addiction

The Molecular Basis of Drug Addiction Book
Author : Shafiqur Rahman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 0128038683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science focuses on the molecular basis of drug addiction. Contains contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Homeostatic Control of Brain Function

Homeostatic Control of Brain Function Book
Author : Detlev Boison,Susan Masino
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0199322295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Homeostatic Control of Brain Function offers a broad view of brain health and diverse perspectives for potential treatments, targeting key areas such as mitochondria, the immune system, epigenetic changes, and regulatory molecules such as ions, neuropeptides, and neuromodulators. Loss of homeostasis becomes expressed as a diverse array of neurological disorders. Each disorder has multiple comorbidities - with some crossing over several conditions - and often disease-specific treatments remain elusive. When current pharmacological therapies result in ineffective and inadequate outcomes, therapies to restore and maintain homeostatic functions can help improve brain health, no matter the diagnosis. Employing homeostatic therapies may lead to future cures or treatments that address multiple comorbidities. In an age where brain diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's are ever present, the incorporation of homeostatic techniques could successfully promote better overall brain health. Key Features include · A focus on the homeostatic controls that significantly depend on the way one lives, eats, and drinks. · Highlights from emerging research in non-pharmaceutical therapies including botanical medications, meditation, diet, and exercise. · Incorporation of homeostatic therapies into existing basic and clinical research paradigms. · Extensive scientific basic and clinical research ranging from molecules to disorders. · Emerging practical information for improving homeostasis. · Examples of homeostatic therapies in preventing and delaying dysfunction. Both editors, Detlev Boison and Susan Masino, bring their unique expertise in homeostatic research to the overall scope of this work. This book is accessible to all with an interest in brain health; scientist, clinician, student, and lay reader alike.

Neurobiology of Addiction

Neurobiology of Addiction Book
Author : George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-11
ISBN : 0080497373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Addiction is conceived as a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction over the past 50 years. The book includes a scholarly introduction, thorough descriptions of animal models of addiction, and separate chapters on the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction for psychostimulants, opioids, alcohol, nicotine and cannabinoids. Key information is provided about the history, sources, and pharmacokinetics and psychopathology of addiction of each drug class, as well as the behavioral and neurobiological mechanism of action for each drug class at the molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry level of analysis. A chapter on neuroimaging and drug addiction provides a synthesis of exciting new data from neuroimaging in human addicts — a unique perspective unavailable from animal studies. The final chapters explore theories of addiction at the neurobiological and neuroadaptational level both from a historical and integrative perspective. The book incorporates diverse finding with an emphasis on integration and synthesis rather than discrepancies or differences in the literature. · Presents a unique perspective on addiction that emphasizes molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry changes in the transition to addiction · Synthesizes diverse findings on the neurobiology of addiction to provide a heuristic framework for future work · Features extensive documentation through numerous original figures and tables that that will be useful for understanding and teaching

Addiction Mechanisms Phenomenology and Treatment

Addiction Mechanisms  Phenomenology and Treatment Book
Author : W.W. Fleischhacker,D.J. Brooks
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-27
ISBN : 3709105412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Substance-related disorders pose an increasing challenge not only to the field of psychiatry but also to public health. The rapid development of our society has also changed the face of substance use and abuse, both quantitatively and qualitatively. In this volume international experts present reviews of the latest research covering many areas ranging from neurobiology to psychological management, as well as different drugs, from alcohol to ecstasy.

Drugs Brains and Behavior

Drugs  Brains  and Behavior Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Drugs, Brains, and Behavior" is an online textbook written by C. Robin Timmons and Leonard W. Hamilton. The book was previously published by Prentice Hall, Inc. in 1990 as "Principles of Behavioral Pharmacology." The authors attempt to develop an understanding of the interpenetration of brain, behavior and environment. They discuss the chemistry of behavior in both the literal sense of neurochemistry and the figurative sense of an analysis of the reactions with the environment.

Substance and Non substance Addiction

Substance and Non substance Addiction Book
Author : Xiaochu Zhang,Jie Shi,Ran Tao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-02
ISBN : 9811055629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the similarities and differences between substance and non-substance addictions. It discusses in detail the mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of substance and non-substance addictions, and addresses selected prospects that will shape future studies on addiction. Addiction is a global problem that costs millions of lives tremendous damage year after year. There are mainly two types of addition: substance addiction (e.g., nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, heroin, stimulants, etc.) and non-substance addiction (e.g., gambling, computer gaming, Internet, etc.). Based on existing evidence, both types of addiction produce negative impacts on individuals’ physical, mental, social and financial well-being, and share certain common mechanisms, which involve a dysfunction of the neural reward system and specific gene transcription factors. However, there are also key differences between these two types of addiction. Covering these aspects systematically, the book will provide researchers and graduate students alike a better understanding of drug and behavioral addictions.

Neural Mechanisms Underlying Internet Gaming Disorder

Neural Mechanisms Underlying Internet Gaming Disorder Book
Author : Jintao Zhang,Matthias Brand
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-02-19
ISBN : 2889456552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neural Mechanisms Underlying Internet Gaming Disorder book written by Jintao Zhang,Matthias Brand, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.