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Neural Crest Cells

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The Neural Crest

The Neural Crest Book
Author : Nicole Le Douarin,Nicole M. LeDouarin,Chaya Kalcheim
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999-11-28
ISBN : 9780521620109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 1999 edition of The Neural Crest contains comprehensive information about the neural crest, a structure unique to the vertebrate embryo, which has only a transient existence in early embryonic life. The ontogeny of the neural crest embodies the most important issues in developmental biology, as the neural crest is considered to have played a crucial role in evolution of the vertebrate phylum. Data that analyse neural crest ontogeny in murine and zebrafish embryos have been included in this revision. This revised edition also takes advantage of recent advances in our understanding of markers of neural crest cell subpopulations, and a full chapter is now devoted to cell lineage analysis. The major research breakthrough since the first edition has been the introduction of molecular biology to neural crest research, enabling an elucidation of many molecular mechanisms of neural crest development. This book is essential reading for students and researchers in developmental biology, cell biology, and neuroscience.

Neural Crest Cells

Neural Crest Cells Book
Author : Paul Trainor
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-23
ISBN : 0124045863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neural Crest Cells: Evolution, Development and Disease summarizes discoveries of historical significance and provides in-depth, current analyses of the evolution of neural crest cells, their contribution to embryo development, and their roles in disease. In addition, prospects for tissue engineering, repair and regeneration are covered, offering a timely synthesis of the current knowledge in neural crest cell research. A comprehensive resource on neural crest cells for researchers studying cell biology, developmental biology, stem cells and neurobiology, Neural Crest Cells: Evolution, Development and Disease provides foundational information needed for students , practicing physicians and dentists treating patients with craniofacial defects. BMA Medical Book Awards 2014 - Highly Commended,Basic and Clinical Sciences,2014, British Medical Association Provides timely, comprehensive synthesis of the current knowledge of neural crest cells Covers the evolution and development of neural crest cells Includes content on applications for tissue engineering, repair and regeneration

Evolving Neural Crest Cells

Evolving Neural Crest Cells Book
Author : Brian Frank Eames,Daniel Meulemans Medeiros,Igor Adameyko
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-28
ISBN : 1351805916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vertebrates possess lineage-specific characteristics. These include paired anterior sense organs and a robust, modular head skeleton built of cellular cartilage and bone. All of these structures are derived, at least partly, from an embryonic tissue unique vertebrates - the neural crest. The evolutionary history of the neural crest, and neural crest cells, has been difficult to reconstruct. This volume will use a comparative approach to survey the development of the neural crest in vertebrates, and neural crest-like cells, across the metazoa. This information will be used to reveal neural crest evolution and identify the genomic, genetic, and gene-regulatory changes that drove them. Key selling features: Summarizes the data regarding neural crest cells and nerural crest derivatives Uses a broad-based comparative approach Suggests hypothesis that the origin of neural crest cells involved the novel co-activation of ancient metazoan gene programs in neural border cells Illustrates how the emergences of neural crest made possible the diversification of vertebrate heads

Neural Crest Stem Cells

Neural Crest Stem Cells Book
Author : Maya Sieber-Blum
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012-04-26
ISBN : 9814460591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book offers readers an understanding of the development of neural crest cells, which is crucial as many birth defects and tumours are of neural crest origin. The neural crest is a transient tissue of the vertebrate embryo. It originates from the future spinal cord and neural crest stem cells emigrate from this location to various places in the embryo, giving rise to many different cell types and tissues. Neural crest derivatives include the peripheral nervous systems, endocrine cells such as the adrenal medulla, smooth musculature of the cardiac outflow tract and great blood vessels, as well as craniofacial bone and cartilage. The underlying mechanisms that regulate embryonic neural crest development are still being investigated and are important for our understanding of neural crest pathologies. Readers will have ready access to current research topics, elaborated in great detail, with a focus on adult neural crest-derived stem cells, which persist in various locations of the postnatal organism. Delving into stem cells from different locations of the body, the book explores the best possible source of such cells for future use in medical applications. Contents:Regulation of Embryonic Neural Crest Cell Differentiation:The New Heart for the New Head (Deborah J Henderson and Bill Chaudhry)Dual but Converging Roles: A Tale of Two Crests (Michael Olaopa and Simon J Conway)The Cornea, Neural Crest and Stem Cells (Charles Osei-Bempong, Haifa Ali and Sajjad Ahmad)Adult Neural Crest Stem Cells:Characterisation of Neural Crest-Derived Stem Cells in Different Tissues (Narihito Nagoshi and Hideyuki Okano)Epidermal Neural Crest Stem Cells (Oliver Clewes and Maya Sieber-Blum)Neural Crest Stem Cells from the Head Region (Christian Kaltschmidt and Barbara Kaltschmidt) Readership: Postgraduate students, researchers and professionals interested in stem cells and developmental biology research. Keywords:Neural Crest;Stem Cell;Somatic Stem Cell;Adult Stem Cell;Embryonic Stem Cell;Multipotency;Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPS Cells);Heart;Cardiac Outflow Tract;Tooth;Dental Pulp;Bone Marrow;Adrenal Medulla;Dorsal Root Ganglion;Craniofacial;BoneKey Features:Large market for applications in cell replacement therapy and biomedical engineeringUseful study material for academicsUseful information for the pharmaceutical industry

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 1475730640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A discussion of the neural crest and neural crest cells, dealing with their discovery, their embryological and evolutionary origins, their cellular derivatives - in both agnathan and jawed vertebrates or gnathostomes - and the broad topics of migration and differentiation in normal development. The book also considers what goes wrong when development is misdirected by mutations, or by exposure of embryos to exogenous agents such as drugs, alcohol, or excess vitamin A, and includes discussions of tumours and syndromes and birth defects involving neural crest cells.

The Enteric Nervous System

The Enteric Nervous System Book
Author : John Barton Furness
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2006-01-09
ISBN : 1405133767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers all aspects of the structure, function, neurochemistry, transmitter identification and development of the enteric nervous system This book brings together extensive knowledge of the structure and cell physiology of the enteric nervous system and provides an up-to-date synthesis of the roles of the enteric nervous system in the control of motility, secretion and blood supply in the gastrointestinal tract. It includes sections on the enteric nervous system in disease, genetic abnormalities that affect enteric nervous system function, and targets for therapy in the enteric nervous system. It also includes many newly created explanatory diagrams and illustrations of the organization of enteric nerve circuits. This new book is ideal for gastroenterologists (including trainees/fellows), clinical physiologists and educators. It is invaluable for the many scientists in academia, research institutes and industry who have been drawn to work on the gastrointestinal innervation because of its intrinsic interest, its economic importance and its involvement in unsolved health problems. It also provides a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate teaching.

Transcriptional Control of Neural Crest Development

Transcriptional Control of Neural Crest Development Book
Author : Brian Nelms,Patricia Labosky
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2010-02-01
ISBN : 1615040498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The neural crest is a remarkable embryonic population of cells found only in vertebrates and has the potential to give rise to many different cell types contributing throughout the body. These derivatives range from the mesenchymal bone and cartilage comprising the facial skeleton, to neuronal derivatives of the peripheral sensory and autonomic nervous systems, to melanocytes throughout the body, and to smooth muscle of the great arteries of the heart. For these cells to correctly progress from an unspecifi ed, nonmigratory population to a wide array of dynamic, differentiated cell types—some of which retain stem cell characteristics presumably to replenish these derivatives—requires a complex network of molecular switches to control the gene programs giving these cells their defi ning structural, enzymatic, migratory, and signaling capacities. This review will bring together current knowledge of neural crest-specifi c transcription factors governing these progressions throughout the course of development. A more thorough understanding of the mechanisms of transcriptional control in differentiation will aid in strategies designed to push undifferentiated cells toward a particular lineage, and unraveling these processes will help toward reprogramming cells from a differentiated to a more naive state. Table of Contents: Introduction / AP Genes / bHLH Genes / ETS Genes / Fox Genes / Homeobox Genes / Hox Genes / Lim Genes / Pax Genes / POU Domain Genes / RAR/RXR Genes / Smad Genes / Sox Genes / Zinc Finger Genes / Other Miscellaneous Genes / References / Author Biographies

Craniofacial Development

Craniofacial Development Book
Author : British Society for Developmental Biology. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Craniofacial Development book written by British Society for Developmental Biology. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neurotrophins and the Neural Crest

Neurotrophins and the Neural Crest Book
Author : Maya Sieber-Blum
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-06-29
ISBN : 9780849340048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The target of much current research, the neural crest is a transitory tissue of the vertebrate embryo that gives rise to many diverse structures in the adult organism, including the autonomic nervous system, the enteric nervous system, and most primary sensory ganglia, among other cell types and tissues. Reflecting recent investigations, Neurotrophins and the Neural Crest is dedicated to the roles neurotrophins play in neural crest cell differentiation and in the survival of neural crest derivatives. This timely book correlates in vitro data with results obtained from knock-out mice with targeted neurotrophin or receptor deletions, with the goal of determining the fidelity and usefulness of various experimental culture systems. It also covers embryonic expression patterns and functions of neurotrophins and their receptors. Chapters are organized to begin with neural crest-derived tissues as sources for experimental material, including sensory neurons, sympathetic neurons, enteric neurons, melanocytes, and calcitonin-producing cells from the thyroid, and concludes with discussions of the neural crest cells. A broad range of researchers and scientists involved in growth factors, neuroscience, developmental and cell biology, embryology, and many other fields, will find that Neurotrophins and the Neural Crest targets this fast-moving area of research completely and concisely.

Induction and Segregation of the Vertebrate Cranial Placodes

Induction and Segregation of the Vertebrate Cranial Placodes Book
Author : Byung-Yong Park,Jean-Pierre Saint-Jeannet
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2010-04-01
ISBN : 1615041036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During evolution the vertebrate head has acquired a number of unique features including specialized paired sense organs and cranial sensory ganglia. These evolutionary novelties arise from discrete thickenings of the head ectoderm known as cranial placodes. They include the adenohypophyseal, olfactory, lens, trigeminal, profundal, otic, epibranchial and lateral line placodes. While distinct in the derivatives and cell types they will form, all cranial placodes originate from a common preplacodal domain surrounding the anterior neural plate. Recent evidence suggests that the induction of this pre-placodal domain and its subsequent subdivision into individual placodes with specific identities is a multi-step process. Here we describe the development of these placodes and their derivatives and summarize recent advances in the characterization of the repertoire of transcription factors underlying their development. We also review recent studies that have started to address the role of several classes of signaling molecules in placode induction and segregation, including Bone Morphogenetic Proteins, Fibroblast Growth Factors and Wnt molecules. Table of Contents: Introduction / Cranial Placodes and Their Derivatives / Molecular Identity of Cranial Placodes / Induction and Segregation of the Cranial Placodes / Conclusion / Acknowledgments / References / Author Biographies

Etiology and Morphogenesis of Congenital Heart Disease

Etiology and Morphogenesis of Congenital Heart Disease Book
Author : Toshio Nakanishi,Roger R. Markwald,H.Scott Baldwin,Bradley B. Keller,Deepak Srivastava,Hiroyuki Yamagishi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 4431546286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on the etiology and morphogenesis of congenital heart diseases. It reviews in detail the early development and differentiation of the heart, and later morphologic events of the cardiovascular system, covering a wide range of topics such as gene functions, growth factors, transcription factors and cellular interactions that are implicated in cardiac morphogenesis and congenital heart disease. This book also presents recent advances in stem cell and cell sheet tissue engineering technologies which have the potential to provide novel in vitro disease models and to generate regenerative paradigms for cardiac repair and regeneration. This is the ideal resource for physician scientists and investigators looking for updates on recent investigations on the origins of congenital heart disease and potential future therapies.

Neural Crest and Placodes

Neural Crest and Placodes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-02-03
ISBN : 0124078907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neural Crest and Placodes provides in-depth coverage of the topic, including information on their critical role in vertebrate development, evolution, and the way defects in their development underlie a wide range of congenital disorders. It delves deep into advances made in our understanding of the mechanisms governing the formation, migration, and differentiation of these two cell populations, also discussing their integration during embryonic development. The text highlights the application of fundamental knowledge in investigating the etiology and pathogenesis of congenital disorders and the ways the data applies to the field of regenerative medicine. Written by leading experts in the field Includes descriptions of the most recent advances in the field Highlights the applications of this knowledge in investigating the etiology and pathogenesis of congenital disorders Explores their usage in the field of regenerative medicine

The Neural Crest and Neural Crest Cells in Vertebrate Development and Evolution

The Neural Crest and Neural Crest Cells in Vertebrate Development and Evolution Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-28
ISBN : 9780387098463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A presentation of all aspects of neural crest cell origins (embryological and evolutionary) development and evolution; neural crest cell behavior (migration) and anomalies (neurocristopathies and birth defects) that arise from defective neural crest development. The treatment of development will include discussions of cellular, molecular and genetic aspects of the differentiation and morphogenesis of neural crest cells and structures derived from neural crest cells. The origins of the neural crest in embryology will be discussed using the recent information on the molecular basis of the specification of the neural crest. Also presented are the advances in our understanding of the evolution of jaws from studies on lampreys and of the neural crest from studies on ascidians and amphioxus.

Neural Crest Induction and Differentiation

Neural Crest Induction and Differentiation Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Saint-Jeannet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-10
ISBN : 0387469540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international panel of recognized leaders in the field, Neural Crest Induction and Differentiation discusses all aspects of modern neural crest biology from its evolutionary significance to its specification, migration, plasticity and contribution to multiple lineages of the vertebrate body, to the pathologies associated with abnormal neural crest development and function. Abundant color figures enhance the text providing clear and attractive illustrations of central issues and concepts.

Cranial Placodes and Neural Crest Interactions in Craniofacial Development

Cranial Placodes and Neural Crest Interactions in Craniofacial Development Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Saint-Jeannet,Lisa Taneyhill,Patrick Blader
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-16
ISBN : 2889668827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cranial Placodes and Neural Crest Interactions in Craniofacial Development book written by Jean-Pierre Saint-Jeannet,Lisa Taneyhill,Patrick Blader, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Review of Medical Embryology

Review of Medical Embryology Book
Author : Ben Pansky
Publisher : Macmillan Publishing Company
Release : 1982-08-01
ISBN : 9780071053037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Review of Medical Embryology book written by Ben Pansky, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-07-30
ISBN : 9780387987026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A discussion of the neural crest and neural crest cells, dealing with their discovery, their embryological and evolutionary origins, their cellular derivatives - in both agnathan and jawed vertebrates or gnathostomes - and the broad topics of migration and differentiation in normal development. The book also considers what goes wrong when development is misdirected by mutations, or by exposure of embryos to exogenous agents such as drugs, alcohol, or excess vitamin A, and includes discussions of tumours and syndromes and birth defects involving neural crest cells.

Anatomy for Dental Students

Anatomy for Dental Students Book
Author : Martin E. Atkinson
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 0191649406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anatomy for Dental Students, Fourth Edition, demonstrates and explains all the anatomy needed for a modern dentistry undergraduate course. This text covers developmental anatomy, the thorax, the central nervous system, and the head and neck with an emphasis on the practical application of anatomical knowledge. This new edition has been extensively revised and updated in line with contemporary teaching and dental practice. Over 300 new full colour diagrams map all the anatomical regions that dental students need to know, while the lively and accessible text guides the reader's learning. Throughout Clinical Application Boxes demonstrate how the form and function of anatomy have consequences for clinical practice. Side-lines boxes contain additional descriptions for key anatomical structures. This text is supported by an Online Resource Centre with multiple choice questions, drag and drop figure exercises, and links to key resources to help readers to consolidate and extend their knowledge of anatomy. Anatomy for Dental Students brings together anatomical structure, function, and their relationship to clinical practice, making ideal for today's dental students.

Mayo Clinic Medical Neurosciences

Mayo Clinic Medical Neurosciences Book
Author : Eduardo E. Benarroch,Jeremy K. Cutsforth-Gregory,Kelly D. Flemming
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-11-06
ISBN : 0190209429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fully updated and revised according to student feedback, the sixth edition of Mayo Clinic Medical Neurosciences: Organized by Neurologic System and Level provides a systematic approach to anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system inspired by the neurologist's approach to solving clinical problems. This volume has 4 sections: 1) an overview of the neurosciences necessary for understanding anatomical localization and pathophysiologic characterization of neurologic disorders; 2) an approach to localizing lesions in the 7 longitudinal systems of the nervous system; 3) an approach to localizing lesions in the 4 horizontal levels of the nervous system; and 4) a collection of clinical problems. This book provides the neuroscience framework to support the neurologist in a clinical setting and is also a great resource for neurology and psychiatry board certifications. This is the perfect guide for all medical students and neurology, psychiatry, and physical medicine residents at early stages of training. New to This Edition - A chapter devoted to multiple-choice questions for self-assessment - Discussion of emerging concepts in molecular, cellular, and system neurosciences - New chapters on emotion and consciousness systems - Incorporation of new discoveries in neuroimaging and an appendix for tables of medications commonly used to treat neurologic disorders

The Incredible Unlikeliness of Being Evolution and the Making of Us

The Incredible Unlikeliness of Being  Evolution and the Making of Us Book
Author : Alice Roberts
Publisher : Heron Books
Release : 2015-11-03
ISBN : 162365808X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this compulsively readable book, Dr. Alice Roberts lays out the miraculously strange way in which the human body grows from a chemical (DNA) into a living, sentient being. A longtime professor and well-known TV presenter, Dr. Roberts is also an author of unusual ability, capable of synthesizing complex ideas and packing dense scientific information into lucid, beautiful prose. Bringing together the latest scientific discoveries and drawing on interviews with scientists from around the world, Dr. Roberts illustrates that our evolution has resulted in something that is awe-inspiring yet far from perfect. Our embryonic development is a quirky mix of new and old, with strokes of genius alongside accommodated glitches and imperfections that are all inherited from distant ancestors. For instance, our development and evolutionary past explains why, as embryos, we have what look like gills, and as adults we suffer from back pain. This is a tale of discovery, about ourselves and our environment, that explores why and how we have developed as we have, looking at the development of human physiognomy through the various lenses of embryology, genetics, anatomy, evolution, and zoology. It combines the remarkable set of skills Alice Roberts possesses as a medical doctor, anatomist, osteoarchaeologist, and writer. As Richard Dawkins put it, the reader emerges from her book "entertained and with a deeper understanding of yourself."