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Networks on Chips

Networks on Chips Book
Author : Giovanni De Micheli,Luca Benini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-08-30
ISBN : 9780080473567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The design of today's semiconductor chips for various applications, such as telecommunications, poses various challenges due to the complexity of these systems. These highly complex systems-on-chips demand new approaches to connect and manage the communication between on-chip processing and storage components and networks on chips (NoCs) provide a powerful solution. This book is the first to provide a unified overview of NoC technology. It includes in-depth analysis of all the on-chip communication challenges, from physical wiring implementation up to software architecture, and a complete classification of their various Network-on-Chip approaches and solutions. * Leading-edge research from world-renowned experts in academia and industry with state-of-the-art technology implementations/trends * An integrated presentation not currently available in any other book * A thorough introduction to current design methodologies and chips designed with NoCs

Networks on Chip

Networks on Chip Book
Author : Sheng Ma,Libo Huang,Mingche Lai,Wei Shi
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2014-12-04
ISBN : 0128011785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Networks-on-Chip: From Implementations to Programming Paradigms provides a thorough and bottom-up exploration of the whole NoC design space in a coherent and uniform fashion, from low-level router, buffer and topology implementations, to routing and flow control schemes, to co-optimizations of NoC and high-level programming paradigms. This textbook is intended for an advanced course on computer architecture, suitable for graduate students or senior undergrads who want to specialize in the area of computer architecture and Networks-on-Chip. It is also intended for practitioners in the industry in the area of microprocessor design, especially the many-core processor design with a network-on-chip. Graduates can learn many practical and theoretical lessons from this course, and also can be motivated to delve further into the ideas and designs proposed in this book. Industrial engineers can refer to this book to make practical tradeoffs as well. Graduates and engineers who focus on off-chip network design can also refer to this book to achieve deadlock-free routing algorithm designs. Provides thorough and insightful exploration of NoC design space. Description from low-level logic implementations to co-optimizations of high-level program paradigms and NoCs. The coherent and uniform format offers readers a clear, quick and efficient exploration of NoC design space Covers many novel and exciting research ideas, which encourage researchers to further delve into these topics. Presents both engineering and theoretical contributions. The detailed description of the router, buffer and topology implementations, comparisons and analysis are of high engineering value.

Networks on Chip

Networks on Chip Book
Author : Axel Jantsch,Hannu Tenhunen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 0306487276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the number of processor cores and IP blocks integrated on a single chip is steadily growing, a systematic approach to design the communication infrastructure becomes necessary. Different variants of packed switched on-chip networks have been proposed by several groups during the past two years. This book summarizes the state of the art of these efforts and discusses the major issues from the physical integration to architecture to operating systems and application interfaces. It also provides a guideline and vision about the direction this field is moving to. Moreover, the book outlines the consequences of adopting design platforms based on packet switched network. The consequences may in fact be far reaching because many of the topics of distributed systems, distributed real-time systems, fault tolerant systems, parallel computer architecture, parallel programming as well as traditional system-on-chip issues will appear relevant but within the constraints of a single chip VLSI implementation.

Designing Network On Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era

Designing Network On Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era Book
Author : Jose Flich,Davide Bertozzi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-12-18
ISBN : 1439837112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Going beyond isolated research ideas and design experiences, Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era covers the foundations and design methods of network on-chip (NoC) technology. The contributors draw on their own lessons learned to provide strong practical guidance on various design issues. Exploring the design process of the network, the first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of switch architecture and design, topology selection, and routing implementation. In the second part, contributors discuss their experiences in the industry, offering a roadmap to recent products. They describe Tilera’s TILE family of multicore processors, novel Intel products and research prototypes, and the TRIPS operand network (OPN). The last part reveals state-of-the-art solutions to hardware-related issues and explains how to efficiently implement the programming model at the network interface. In the appendix, the microarchitectural details of two switch architectures targeting multiprocessor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) and chip multiprocessors (CMPs) can be used as an experimental platform for running tests. A stepping stone to the evolution of future chip architectures, this volume provides a how-to guide for designers of current NoCs as well as designers involved with 2015 computing platforms. It cohesively brings together fundamental design issues, alternative design paradigms and techniques, and the main design tradeoffs—consistently focusing on topics most pertinent to real-world NoC designers.

Routing Algorithms in Networks on Chip

Routing Algorithms in Networks on Chip Book
Author : Maurizio Palesi,Masoud Daneshtalab
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1461482747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a single-source reference to routing algorithms for Networks-on-Chip (NoCs), as well as in-depth discussions of advanced solutions applied to current and next generation, many core NoC-based Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). After a basic introduction to the NoC design paradigm and architectures, routing algorithms for NoC architectures are presented and discussed at all abstraction levels, from the algorithmic level to actual implementation. Coverage emphasizes the role played by the routing algorithm and is organized around key problems affecting current and next generation, many-core SoCs. A selection of routing algorithms is included, specifically designed to address key issues faced by designers in the ultra-deep sub-micron (UDSM) era, including performance improvement, power, energy, and thermal issues, fault tolerance and reliability.

Networks on Chips

Networks on Chips Book
Author : Fayez Gebali,Haytham Elmiligi,Mohamed Watheq El-Kharashi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-06-03
ISBN : 1439859639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The implementation of networks-on-chip (NoC) technology in VLSI integration presents a variety of unique challenges. To deal with specific design solutions and research hurdles related to intra-chip data exchange, engineers are challenged to invoke a wide range of disciplines and specializations while maintaining a focused approach. Leading Researchers Present Cutting-Edge Designs Tools Networks-on-Chips: Theory and Practice facilitates this process, detailing the NoC paradigm and its benefits in separating IP design and functionality from chip communication requirements and interfacing. It starts with an analysis of 3-D NoC architectures and progresses to a discussion of NoC resource allocation, processor traffic modeling, and formal verification, with an examination of protocols at different layers of abstraction. An exploration of design methodologies, CAD tool development, and system testing, as well as communication protocol, the text highlights important emerging research issues, such as Resource Allocation for Quality of Service (QoS) on-chip communication Testing, verification, and network design methodologies Architectures for interconnection, real-time monitoring, and security requirements Networks-on-Chip Protocols Presents a flexible MPSoC platform to easily implement multimedia applications and evaluate future video encoding standards This useful guide tackles power and energy issues in NoC-based designs, addressing the power constraints that currently limit the embedding of more processing elements on a single chip. It covers traffic modeling and discusses the details of traffic generators. Using unique case studies and examples, it covers theoretical and practical issues, guiding readers through every phase of system design.

Reliability Availability and Serviceability of Networks on Chip

Reliability  Availability and Serviceability of Networks on Chip Book
Author : Érika Cota,Alexandre de Morais Amory,Marcelo Soares Lubaszewski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-23
ISBN : 9781461407911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of the issues related to the test, diagnosis and fault-tolerance of Network on Chip-based systems. It is the first book dedicated to the quality aspects of NoC-based systems and will serve as an invaluable reference to the problems, challenges, solutions, and trade-offs related to designing and implementing state-of-the-art, on-chip communication architectures.

Low Power Networks on Chip

Low Power Networks on Chip Book
Author : Cristina Silvano,Marcello Lajolo,Gianluca Palermo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-24
ISBN : 144196911X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, both Networks-on-Chip, as an architectural solution for high-speed interconnect, and power consumption, as a key design constraint, have continued to gain interest in the design and research communities. This book offers a single-source reference to some of the most important design techniques proposed in the context of low-power design for networks-on-chip architectures.

Analysis and Design of Networks on Chip Under High Process Variation

Analysis and Design of Networks on Chip Under High Process Variation Book
Author : Rabab Ezz-Eldin,Magdy Ali El-Moursy,Hesham F. A. Hamed
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-16
ISBN : 3319257668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes in detail the impact of process variations on Network-on-Chip (NoC) performance. The authors evaluate various NoC topologies under high process variation and explain the design of efficient NoCs, with advanced technologies. The discussion includes variation in logic and interconnect, in order to evaluate the delay and throughput variation with different NoC topologies. The authors describe an asynchronous router, as a robust design to mitigate the impact of process variation in NoCs and the performance of different routing algorithms is determined with/without process variation for various traffic patterns. Additionally, a novel Process variation Delay and Congestion aware Routing algorithm (PDCR) is described for asynchronous NoC design, which outperforms different adaptive routing algorithms in the average delay and saturation throughput for various traffic patterns.

Reconfigurable Networks on Chip

Reconfigurable Networks on Chip Book
Author : Sao-Jie Chen,Ying-Cherng Lan,Wen-Chung Tsai,Yu-Hen Hu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-16
ISBN : 144199341X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive survey of recent progress in the design and implementation of Networks-on-Chip. It addresses a wide spectrum of on-chip communication problems, ranging from physical, network, to application layers. Specific topics that are explored in detail include packet routing, resource arbitration, error control/correction, application mapping, and communication scheduling. Additionally, a novel bi-directional communication channel NoC (BiNoC) architecture is described, with detailed explanation. Written for practicing engineers in need of practical knowledge about the design and implementation of networks-on-chip; Includes tutorial-like details to introduce readers to a diverse range of NoC designs, as well as in-depth analysis for designers with NoC experience to explore advanced issues; Describes a variety of on-chip communication architectures, including a novel bi-directional communication channel NoC. From the Foreword: Overall this book shows important advances over the state of the art that will affect future system design as well as R&D in tools and methods for NoC design. It represents an important reference point for both designers and electronic design automation researchers and developers. --Giovanni De Micheli

Transient and Permanent Error Control for Networks on Chip

Transient and Permanent Error Control for Networks on Chip Book
Author : Qiaoyan Yu,Paul Ampadu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-18
ISBN : 9781461409625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses reliability and energy efficiency of on-chip networks using cooperative error control. It describes an efficient way to construct an adaptive error control codec capable of tracking noise conditions and adjusting the error correction strength at runtime. Methods are also presented to tackle joint transient and permanent error correction, exploiting the redundant resources already available on-chip. A parallel and flexible network simulator is also introduced, which facilitates examining the impact of various error control methods on network-on-chip performance.

Source Synchronous Networks On Chip

Source Synchronous Networks On Chip Book
Author : Ayan Mandal,Sunil P. Khatri,Rabi Mahapatra
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 1461494052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes novel methods for network-on-chip (NoC) design, using source-synchronous high-speed resonant clocks. The authors discuss NoCs from the bottom up, providing circuit level details, before providing architectural simulations. As a result, readers will get a complete picture of how a NoC can be designed and optimized. Using the methods described in this book, readers are enabled to design NoCs that are 5X better than existing approaches in terms of latency and throughput and can also sustain a significantly greater amount of traffic.

Network on Chip Architectures

Network on Chip Architectures Book
Author : Chrysostomos Nicopoulos,Vijaykrishnan Narayanan,Chita R. Das
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9789048130313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

[2]. The Cell Processor from Sony, Toshiba and IBM (STI) [3], and the Sun UltraSPARC T1 (formerly codenamed Niagara) [4] signal the growing popularity of such systems. Furthermore, Intel’s very recently announced 80-core TeraFLOP chip [5] exemplifies the irreversible march toward many-core systems with tens or even hundreds of processing elements. 1.2 The Dawn of the Communication-Centric Revolution The multi-core thrust has ushered the gradual displacement of the computati- centric design model by a more communication-centric approach [6]. The large, sophisticated monolithic modules are giving way to several smaller, simpler p- cessing elements working in tandem. This trend has led to a surge in the popularity of multi-core systems, which typically manifest themselves in two distinct incarnations: heterogeneous Multi-Processor Systems-on-Chip (MPSoC) and homogeneous Chip Multi-Processors (CMP). The SoC philosophy revolves around the technique of Platform-Based Design (PBD) [7], which advocates the reuse of Intellectual Property (IP) cores in flexible design templates that can be customized accordingly to satisfy the demands of particular implementations. The appeal of such a modular approach lies in the substantially reduced Time-To- Market (TTM) incubation period, which is a direct outcome of lower circuit complexity and reduced design effort. The whole system can now be viewed as a diverse collection of pre-existing IP components integrated on a single die.

Architecture and Physical Design for Advanced Networks on chip

Architecture and Physical Design for Advanced Networks on chip Book
Author : Woo Young Jang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aggressive scaling of the semiconductor technology following the Moore's Law has delivered true system-on-chip (SoC) integration. Network-on-chip (NoC) has been recently introduced as an effective solution for scalable on-chip communication since dedicated point-to-point (P2P) interconnection and shared bus architecture become performance and power bottlenecks in the SoCs. This dissertation studies three critical NoC challenges such as latency, power, and compatibility with emerging technologies in aspect of an architecture and physical design level. Latency is a key issue in NoC since the performance of applications considerably depends on resource sharing policies employed in an on-chip network. NoCs have been mainly developed to improve network-level performance that captures the inherent performance characteristics of a network itself, but the network-level optimizations are not directly related to application- or system-level performance. In addition, memory latency on NoC critically affects the performance of applications or systems. We propose a synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) aware NoC design to optimize memory throughput, latency, and design complexity. Furthermore, it is extended to an application-aware NoC design to provide the quality-of-service (QoS) of memory for various applications. NoC provides great on-chip communication. However, it brings no true relief to power budget when the on-chip network scales in terms of complexity/size and signal bandwidth. The combination of NoC and other techniques has the potential to reduce power. We study two power saving research topics for NoC: (a) we propose a voltage-frequency island (VFI) aware NoC optimization framework with a better tradeoff between power efficiency and design complexity to minimize both computation and on-chip communication power. (b) We formulate an application mapping problem to mixed integer quadratic programming (MIQP) with the purpose of reducing power consumption in various hard networks and develop highly efficient algorithms for the MIQP. Regarding NoC compatible with new technologies, we focus on three dimensional (3D) die integration based on through-silicon vias (TSVs). Since an on-chip network design has been subject to not only application constraints but also design/manufacturing constraints, a 3D NoC design is required for innovation in interconnection networks. We propose a chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) aware application-specific 3D NoC design that minimizes TSV height variation, thus reduces bonding failure, and meanwhile optimizes conventional NoC design objectives such as hop count, wirelength, power, and area.

Network on Chip

Network on Chip Book
Author : Santanu Kundu,Santanu Chattopadhyay
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351831968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addresses the Challenges Associated with System-on-Chip Integration Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration examines the current issues restricting chip-on-chip communication efficiency, and explores Network-on-chip (NoC), a promising alternative that equips designers with the capability to produce a scalable, reusable, and high-performance communication backbone by allowing for the integration of a large number of cores on a single system-on-chip (SoC). This book provides a basic overview of topics associated with NoC-based design: communication infrastructure design, communication methodology, evaluation framework, and mapping of applications onto NoC. It details the design and evaluation of different proposed NoC structures, low-power techniques, signal integrity and reliability issues, application mapping, testing, and future trends. Utilizing examples of chips that have been implemented in industry and academia, this text presents the full architectural design of components verified through implementation in industrial CAD tools. It describes NoC research and developments, incorporates theoretical proofs strengthening the analysis procedures, and includes algorithms used in NoC design and synthesis. In addition, it considers other upcoming NoC issues, such as low-power NoC design, signal integrity issues, NoC testing, reconfiguration, synthesis, and 3-D NoC design. This text comprises 12 chapters and covers: The evolution of NoC from SoC—its research and developmental challenges NoC protocols, elaborating flow control, available network topologies, routing mechanisms, fault tolerance, quality-of-service support, and the design of network interfaces The router design strategies followed in NoCs The evaluation mechanism of NoC architectures The application mapping strategies followed in NoCs Low-power design techniques specifically followed in NoCs The signal integrity and reliability issues of NoC The details of NoC testing strategies reported so far The problem of synthesizing application-specific NoCs Reconfigurable NoC design issues Direction of future research and development in the field of NoC Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration covers the basic topics, technology, and future trends relevant to NoC-based design, and can be used by engineers, students, and researchers and other industry professionals interested in computer architecture, embedded systems, and parallel/distributed systems.

Autonomic Networking on Chip

Autonomic Networking on Chip Book
Author : Phan Cong-Vinh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351833715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the growing mainstream importance and unique advantages of autonomic networking-on-chip (ANoC) technology, Autonomic Networking-On-Chip: Bio-Inspired Specification, Development, and Verification is among the first books to evaluate research results on formalizing this emerging NoC paradigm, which was inspired by the human nervous system. The FIRST Book to Assess Research Results, Opportunities, & Trends in "BioChipNets" The third book in the Embedded Multi-Core Systems series from CRC Press, this is an advanced technical guide and reference composed of contributions from prominent researchers in industry and academia around the world. A response to the critical need for a global information exchange and dialogue, it is written for engineers, scientists, practitioners, and other researchers who have a basic understanding of NoC and are now ready to learn how to specify, develop, and verify ANoC using rigorous approaches. Offers Expert Insights Into Technical Topics Including: Bio-inspired NoC How to map applications onto ANoC ANoC for FPGAs and structured ASICs Methods to apply formal methods in ANoC development Ways to formalize languages that enable ANoC Methods to validate and verify techniques for ANoC Use of "self-" processes in ANoC (self-organization, configuration, healing, optimization, protection, etc.) Use of calculi for reasoning about context awareness and programming models in ANoC With illustrative figures to simplify contents and enhance understanding, this resource contains original, peer-reviewed chapters reporting on new developments and opportunities, emerging trends, and open research problems of interest to both the autonomic computing and network-on-chip communities. Coverage includes state-of-the-art ANoC architectures, protocols, technologies, and applications. This volume thoroughly explores the theory behind ANoC to illustrate strategies that enable readers to use formal ANoC methods yet still make sound judgments and allow for reasonable justifications in practice.

Modeling Analysis and Optimization of Network on Chip Communication Architectures

Modeling  Analysis and Optimization of Network on Chip Communication Architectures Book
Author : Umit Y. Ogras,Radu Marculescu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 9400739583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, design space exploration for Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) has focused on the computational aspects of the problem at hand. However, as the number of components on a single chip and their performance continue to increase, the communication architecture plays a major role in the area, performance and energy consumption of the overall system. As a result, a shift from computation-based to communication-based design becomes mandatory. Towards this end, network-on-chip (NoC) communication architectures have emerged recently as a promising alternative to classical bus and point-to-point communication architectures. In this dissertation, we study outstanding research problems related to modeling, analysis and optimization of NoC communication architectures. More precisely, we present novel design methodologies, software tools and FPGA prototypes to aid the design of application-specific NoCs.

Bio Inspired Fault Tolerant Algorithms for Network on Chip

Bio Inspired Fault Tolerant Algorithms for Network on Chip Book
Author : Muhammad Athar Javed Sethi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-17
ISBN : 100004811X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Network on Chip (NoC) addresses the communication requirement of different nodes on System on Chip. The bio-inspired algorithms improve the bandwidth utilization, maximize the throughput and reduce the end-to-end latency and inter-flit arrival time. This book exclusively presents in-depth information regarding bio-inspired algorithms solving real world problems focussing on fault-tolerant algorithms inspired by the biological brain and implemented on NoC. It further documents the bio-inspired algorithms in general and more specifically, in the design of NoC. It gives an exhaustive review and analysis of the NoC architectures developed during the last decade according to various parameters. Key Features: Covers bio-inspired solutions pertaining to Network-on-Chip (NoC) design solving real world examples Includes bio-inspired NoC fault-tolerant algorithms with detail coding examples Lists fault-tolerant algorithms with detailed examples Reviews basic concepts of NoC Discusses NoC architectures developed-to-date

Designing 2D and 3D Network on Chip Architectures

Designing 2D and 3D Network on Chip Architectures Book
Author : Konstantinos Tatas,Kostas Siozios,Dimitrios Soudris,Axel Jantsch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-08
ISBN : 1461442745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers key concepts in the design of 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip interconnect. It highlights design challenges and discusses fundamentals of NoC technology, including architectures, algorithms and tools. Coverage focuses on topology exploration for both 2D and 3D NoCs, routing algorithms, NoC router design, NoC-based system integration, verification and testing, and NoC reliability. Case studies are used to illuminate new design methodologies.

Network on Chip Security and Privacy

Network on Chip Security and Privacy Book
Author : Prabhat Mishra,Subodha Charles
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-04
ISBN : 3030691314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive coverage of Network-on-Chip (NoC) security vulnerabilities and state-of-the-art countermeasures, with contributions from System-on-Chip (SoC) designers, academic researchers and hardware security experts. Readers will gain a clear understanding of the existing security solutions for on-chip communication architectures and how they can be utilized effectively to design secure and trustworthy systems.