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Network Functions and Plasticity

Network Functions and Plasticity Book
Author : Jian Jing
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-11
ISBN : 0128034998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Network Functions and Plasticity: Perspectives from Studying Neuronal Electrical Coupling in Microcircuits focuses on the specific roles of electrical coupling in tractable, well-defined circuits, highlighting current research that offers novel insights for electrical coupling‘s roles in sensory and motor functions, neural computations, decision-making, regulation of network activity, circuit development, and learning and memory. Bringing together a diverse group of international experts and their contributions using a variety of approaches to study different invertebrate and vertebrate model systems with a focus on the role of electrical coupling/gap junctions in microcircuits, this book presents a timely contribution for students and researchers alike. Provides an easy-to-read introduction on neural circuits of the model system Focuses on the specific roles of electrical coupling in tractable, well-defined circuits Includes recent discoveries and findings that are presented in the context of historical background Outlines outstanding issues and future research in the field

Structure function and plasticity of hippocampal dentate gyrus microcircuits

Structure  function  and plasticity of hippocampal dentate gyrus microcircuits Book
Author : Peter Jonas,John Lisman
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-02-13
ISBN : 288919387X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hippocampus mediates several higher brain functions, such as learning, memory, and spatial coding. The input region of the hippocampus, the dentate gyrus, plays a critical role in these processes. Several lines of evidence suggest that the dentate gyrus acts as a preprocessor of incoming information, preparing it for subsequent processing in CA3. For example, the dentate gyrus converts input from the entorhinal cortex, where cells have multiple spatial fields, into the spatially more specific place cell activity characteristic of the CA3 region. Furthermore, the dentate gyrus is involved in pattern separation, transforming relatively similar input patterns into substantially different output patterns. Finally, the dentate gyrus produces a very sparse coding scheme in which only a very small fraction of neurons are active at any one time. How are these unique functions implemented at the level of cells and synapses? Dentate gyrus granule cells receive excitatory neuron input from the entorhinal cortex and send excitatory output to the hippocampal CA3 region via the mossy fibers. Furthermore, several types of GABAergic interneurons are present in this region, providing inhibitory control over granule cell activity via feedback and feedforward inhibition. Additionally, hilar mossy cells mediate an excitatory loop, receiving powerful input from a small number of granule cells and providing highly distributed excitatory output to a large number of granule cells. Finally, the dentate gyrus is one of the few brain regions exhibiting adult neurogenesis. Thus, new neurons are generated and functionally integrated throughout life. How these specific cellular and synaptic properties contribute to higher brain functions remains unclear. One way to understand these properties of the dentate gyrus is to try to integrate experimental data into models, following the famous Hopfield quote: “Build it, and you understand it.” However, when trying this, one faces two major challenges. First, hard quantitative data about cellular properties, structural connectivity, and functional properties of synapses are lacking. Second, the number of individual neurons and synapses to be represented in the model is huge. For example, the dentate gyrus contains ~1 million granule cells in rodents, and ~10 million in humans. Thus, full scale models will be complex and computationally demanding. In this Frontiers Research Topic, we collect important information about cells, synapses, and microcircuit elements of the dentate gyrus. We have put together a combination of original research articles, review articles, and a methods article. We hope that the collected information will be useful for both experimentalists and modelers. We also hope that the papers will be interesting beyond the small world of “dentology,” i.e., for scientists working on other brain areas. Ideally, the dentate gyrus may serve as a blueprint, helping neuroscientists to define strategies to analyze network organization of other brain regions.

Homeostatic and Retrograde Signaling Mechanisms Modulating Presynaptic Function and Plasticity

Homeostatic and Retrograde Signaling Mechanisms Modulating Presynaptic Function and Plasticity Book
Author : Michael A. Sutton,Dion Dickman
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-01-06
ISBN : 2889197042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Activity within neural circuits shapes the synaptic properties of component neurons in a manner that maintains stable excitatory drive, a process referred to as homeostatic plasticity. These potent and adaptive mechanisms have been demonstrated to modulate activity at the level of an individual neuron, synapse, circuit, or entire network, and dysregulation at some or all of these levels may contribute to neuropsychiatric disorders, intellectual disability, and epilepsy. Greater mechanistic understanding of homeostatic plasticity will provide key insights into the etiology of these disorders, which may result from network instability and synaptic dysfunction. Over the past 15 years, the molecular mechanisms of this form of plasticity have been intensely studied in various model organisms, including invertebrates and vertebrates. Though once thought to have a predominantly postsynaptic basis, emerging evidence suggests that homeostatic mechanisms act on both sides of the synapse through mechanisms such as retrograde signaling, to orchestrate compensatory adaptations that maintain stable network function. These trans-synaptic signaling systems ultimately alter neurotransmitter release probability by a variety of mechanisms including changes in vesicle pool size and calcium influx. These adaptations are not expected to occur homogenously at all terminals of a pre-synaptic neuron, as they might synapse with neurons in non-overlapping circuits. However, the factors that govern the homeostatic control of synapse-specific plasticity are only beginning to be understood. In addition to our limited molecular understanding of pre-synaptic homeostatic plasticity, very little is known about its prevalence in vivo or its physiological and disease relevance. In this research topic, we aim to fill the aforementioned void by covering a broad range of topics that include: - Identification of signaling pathways and mechanisms that operate globally or locally to induce specific pre-synaptic adaptations - The nature of pre-synaptic ion channels relevant to this form of plasticity and their synapse-specific modulation and trafficking - Development and utilization of new tools or methods to study homeostatic plasticity in axons and pre-synaptic terminals - Novel mechanisms of homeostatic adaptations in pre-synaptic neurons - Postsynaptic sensors of activity and retrograde synaptic signaling systems - A comprehensive analysis of the kinds of pre-synaptic adaptations in diverse neural circuits and cell types - Identification of physiological or developmental conditions that promote pre-synaptic homeostatic adaptations - How activity-dependent (Hebbian) and homeostatic synaptic changes are integrated to both permit sufficient flexibility and maintain stable activity - Relevance of pre-synaptic homeostatic plasticity to the etiology of neuropsychiatric disorders - Computational modeling of pre-synaptic homeostatic plasticity and network stability.

Propriospinal Neurons Essential Elements in Locomotion Autonomic Function and Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury and Disease

Propriospinal Neurons  Essential Elements in Locomotion  Autonomic Function and Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury and Disease Book
Author : Katinka Stecina,Kristine C. Cowley,Claire Francesca Meehan,Michelle Maria Rank,Michael A. Lane
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-28
ISBN : 2889669165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Propriospinal Neurons Essential Elements in Locomotion Autonomic Function and Plasticity after Spinal Cord Injury and Disease book written by Katinka Stecina,Kristine C. Cowley,Claire Francesca Meehan,Michelle Maria Rank,Michael A. Lane, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molecular Kinesis in Cellular Function and Plasticity

Molecular Kinesis in Cellular Function and Plasticity Book
Author : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0309074258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molecular Kinesis in Cellular Function and Plasticity book written by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Skeletal Muscle Structure Function and Plasticity

Skeletal Muscle Structure  Function  and Plasticity Book
Author : Richard L. Lieber
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780781730617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In its Second Edition, this text addresses basic and applied physiological properties of skeletal muscle in the context of the physiological effects from clinical treatment. Many concepts are expanded and recent studies on human muscle have been added. This new edition also includes more clinically relevant cases and stories. A two-page full color insert of muscle sections is provided to ensure integral understanding of the concepts presented in the text. Anyone interested in human movement analysis and the understanding of generation and control from the musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems in implementing movement will find this a valuable resource.

Mind Brain Plasticity and Rehabilitation of Cognitive Functions What Techniques Have Been Proven Effective

Mind Brain Plasticity and Rehabilitation of Cognitive Functions  What Techniques Have Been Proven Effective  Book
Author : Katiuscia Sacco,Benedetto Sacchetti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 2889451879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mind Brain Plasticity and Rehabilitation of Cognitive Functions What Techniques Have Been Proven Effective book written by Katiuscia Sacco,Benedetto Sacchetti, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders

Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders Book
Author : Joseph I. Tracy,Benjamin M. Hampstead,Krishnankutty Sathian
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014-12-02
ISBN : 0199965242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders describes and specifies the cognitive impact of neuroplastic processes in key neurologic disorders and syndromes. It is set apart from previous works in this area by its emphasis on the changing quality of neurocognition, demonstrating that this dynamic nature emerges from the neuroplastic processes at work in both mild and severe states of brain disease or injury. This resource describes the ways neurological illness or trauma (or attempts to treat patients with such conditions) can trigger neuroplastic mechanisms in the brain, inducing cognitive reorganization and remapping of brain networks. Each chapter shows how the cognitive and behavioral presentation of the disorder mirrors the changing neurobiologic context, and displays the numerous techniques being employed (e.g. behavior and rehabilitation therapies, electrical stimulation, and computer/machine neuromodulation of brain signals) underlying the neurobiology in ways that facilitate adaptive plasticity and cognitive recovery. An important feature of the book involves characterizing the degree to which the mechanistic principles governing neuroplastic responses and cognitive reorganization in the brain have been elucidated, making clear that it is these principles which will allow us to further develop rational rehabilitative therapies, match patients to appropriate treatments, and even begin to predict clinical treatment outcomes.

Plasticity in Multiple Sclerosis from molecular to system level from adaptation to maladaptation

Plasticity in Multiple Sclerosis  from molecular to system level  from adaptation to maladaptation Book
Author : Daniel Zeller,Maria Assunta Rocca
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-01-27
ISBN : 2889197646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research topic aims at providing a state of the art update on neuroplasticity in humans with multiple sclerosis. It summarizes advances in plasticity research as achieved by a variety of techniques, in the motor as well as visual and cognitive domain. We are confident that this collection of articles broadens the view across systems and techniques and widens our understanding of this exciting field of research.

Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Neurosurgery

Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Neurosurgery Book
Author : Sandro M. Krieg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-03
ISBN : 3319549189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first comprehensive work summarizing the advances that have been made in the neurosurgical use of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) over the past ten years. Having increasingly gained acceptance as a presurgical mapping modality in neurosurgery, today it is widely used for preoperative mapping of cortical motor and language function, risk stratification and improving the accuracy of subcortical fiber bundle visualization. This unique work will provide neurosurgeons and neuroscientists who are starting their nTMS program essential and detailed information on the technique and protocols, as well as the current clinical evidence on and limitations of the various applications of nTMS. At the same time, more experienced nTMS users looking for deeper insights into nTMS mapping and treatment in neurosurgery will find clearly structured, accessible information. The book was prepared by an international mix of authors, each of which was chosen for their status as a respected expert on the respective subtopic, as evinced by their landmark publications on nTMS.

Advances in Synaptic Plasticity

Advances in Synaptic Plasticity Book
Author : M. Baudry,Joel L. Davis,Richard F. Thompson
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780262024600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, a follow-up to the editors' Synaptic Plasticity (MIT Press,1993), reports on the most recent trends in the field. The levels of analysis range from molecular to cellular and network, the unifying theme being the nature of the relationships between synaptic plasticity and information processing and storage. Many neurons exhibit plasticity; that is, they can change structurally or functionally, often in a lasting way. Plasticity is evident in such diverse phenomena as learning and memory, brain development, drug tolerance, sprouting of axon terminals after a brain lesion, and various cellular forms of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation and long-term depression. This book, a follow-up to the editors' Synaptic Plasticity (MIT Press, 1993), reports on the most recent trends in the field. The levels of analysis range from molecular to cellular and network, the unifying theme being the nature of the relationships between synaptic plasticity and information processing and storage. Contributors Yael Amitai, Michel Baudry, Theodore W. Berger, Pierre-Alain Buchs, A.K. Butler, Franck A. Chaillan, Gilbert A. Chauvet, Marie-Françoise Chesselet, Barry W. Connors, Taraneh Ghaffari, Jay R. Gibson, Ziv Gil, Michel Khrestchatisky, Dietmar Kuhl, Carole E. Landisman, Gilles Laurent, Jim-Shih Liaw, David J. Linden, Katrina MacLeod, Henry Markram, W.V. Morehouse, Dominique Muller, J.A. Napieralski, Santiago Rivera, François S. Roman, Bernard Soumireu-Mourat, Oswald Steward, Mark Stopfer, F.G. Szele, Richard F. Thompson, Nicolas Toni, Bernard Truchet, Misha Tsodyks, K. Uryu, Ascher Uziel, Christopher S. Wallace, Yun Wang, Michael Wehr, Paul F. Worley, Xiaping Xie

Anatomy and Plasticity in Large Scale Brain Models

Anatomy and Plasticity in Large Scale Brain Models Book
Author : Markus Butz,Wolfram Schenck,Arjen van Ooyen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-01-05
ISBN : 2889450651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Supercomputing facilities are becoming increasingly available for simulating activity dynamics in large-scale neuronal networks. On today's most advanced supercomputers, networks with up to a billion of neurons can be readily simulated. However, building biologically realistic, full-scale brain models requires more than just a huge number of neurons. In addition to network size, the detailed local and global anatomy of neuronal connections is of crucial importance. Moreover, anatomical connectivity is not fixed, but can rewire throughout life (structural plasticity)—an aspect that is missing in most current network models, in which plasticity is confined to changes in synaptic strength (synaptic plasticity). The papers in this Ebook, which may broadly be divided into three themes, aim to bring together high-performance computing with recent experimental and computational research in neuroanatomy. In the first theme (fiber connectivity), new methods are described for measuring and data-basing microscopic and macroscopic connectivity. In the second theme (structural plasticity), novel models are introduced that incorporate morphological plasticity and rewiring of anatomical connections. In the third theme (large-scale simulations), simulations of large-scale neuronal networks are presented with an emphasis on anatomical detail and plasticity mechanisms. Together, the articles in this Ebook make the reader aware of the methods and models by which large-scale brain networks running on supercomputers can be extended to include anatomical detail and plasticity.

Homeostatic Control of Brain Function

Homeostatic Control of Brain Function Book
Author : Detlev Boison,Susan A. Masino
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-12
ISBN : 0199322295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Homeostatic Control of Brain Function offers a broad view of brain health and diverse perspectives for potential treatments, targeting key areas such as mitochondria, the immune system, epigenetic changes, and regulatory molecules such as ions, neuropeptides, and neuromodulators. Loss of homeostasis becomes expressed as a diverse array of neurological disorders. Each disorder has multiple comorbidities - with some crossing over several conditions - and often disease-specific treatments remain elusive. When current pharmacological therapies result in ineffective and inadequate outcomes, therapies to restore and maintain homeostatic functions can help improve brain health, no matter the diagnosis. Employing homeostatic therapies may lead to future cures or treatments that address multiple comorbidities. In an age where brain diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's are ever present, the incorporation of homeostatic techniques could successfully promote better overall brain health. Key Features include - A focus on the homeostatic controls that significantly depend on the way one lives, eats, and drinks. - Highlights from emerging research in non-pharmaceutical therapies including botanical medications, meditation, diet, and exercise. - Incorporation of homeostatic therapies into existing basic and clinical research paradigms. - Extensive scientific basic and clinical research ranging from molecules to disorders. - Emerging practical information for improving homeostasis. - Examples of homeostatic therapies in preventing and delaying dysfunction. Both editors, Detlev Boison and Susan Masino, bring their unique expertise in homeostatic research to the overall scope of this work. This book is accessible to all with an interest in brain health; scientist, clinician, student, and lay reader alike.

Consciousness and Neural Plasticity

Consciousness and Neural Plasticity Book
Author : Morten Overgaard,Mads Jensen
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 2889190072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In contemporary consciousness studies the phenomenon of neural plasticity has received little attention despite the fact that neural plasticity is of still increased interest in neuroscience. We will, however, argue that neural plasticity could be of great importance to consciousness studies. If consciousness is related to neural processes it seems, at least prima facie, that the ability of the neural structures to change should be reflected in a theory of this relationship "Neural plasticity" refers to the fact that the brain can change due to its own activity. The brain is not static but rather a dynamic entity, which physical structure changes according to its use and environment. This change may take the form of growth of new neurons, the creation of new networks and structures, and change within network structures, that is, changes in synaptic strengths. Plasticity raises questions about the relation between consciousness and brain functions. If consciousness is connected to specific brain structures (as a function or in identity) what happens to consciousness when those specific underlying structures change? It is therefore possible that the understanding and theories of neural plasticity can have direct consequences for a theory about consciousness. For instance, theories of strict identity between consciousness and structure may face the serious dilemma to either accept that, say, the experience of the colour red is fundamentally different in one individual over time due to cortical changes or to abandon the strong identity thesis altogether. Were one to pursue a theory according to which consciousness is not an epiphenomenon to brain processes, consciousness may in fact affect its own neural basis. The neural correlate of consciousness is often seen as a stable structure, that is, something that is stable over time. Considering neural plasticity, this is not necessarily so. The NCC might change and hence literally change the way a person is conscious. What it is about the NCC that can and might change is, even though it can be relevant for the relation between the brain and consciousness is, still an unanswered question. There are, hence, a lot of questions that might shed light upon the relevant but unknown relations between consciousness and the brain. Therefore, We hereby propose to do a Research Topic on consciousness and neural plasticity to shed light on these underestimated issues.In contemporary consciousness studies the phenomenon of neural plasticity has received little attention despite the fact that neural plasticity is of still increased interest in neuroscience. We will, however, argue that neural plasticity could be of great importance to consciousness studies. If consciousness is related to neural processes it seems, at least prima facie, that the ability of the neural structures to change should be reflected in a theory of this relationship "Neural plasticity" refers to the fact that the brain can change due to its own activity. The brain is not static but rather a dynamic entity, which physical structure changes according to its use and environment. This change may take the form of growth of new neurons, the creation of new networks and structures, and change within network structures, that is, changes in synaptic strengths. Plasticity raises questions about the relation between consciousness and brain functions. If consciousness is connected to specific brain structures (as a function or in identity) what happens to consciousness when those specific underlying structures change? It is therefore possible that the understanding and theories of neural plasticity can have direct consequences for a theory about consciousness. For instance, theories of strict identity between consciousness and structure may face the serious dilemma to either accept that, say, the experience of the colour red is fundamentally different in one individual over time due to cortical changes or to abandon the strong identity thesis altogether. Were one to pursue a theory according to which consciousness is not an epiphenomenon to brain processes, consciousness may in fact affect its own neural basis. The neural correlate of consciousness is often seen as a stable structure, that is, something that is stable over time. Considering neural plasticity, this is not necessarily so. The NCC might change and hence literally change the way a person is conscious. What it is about the NCC that can and might change is, even though it can be relevant for the relation between the brain and consciousness is, still an unanswered question. There are, hence, a lot of questions that might shed light upon the relevant but unknown relations between consciousness and the brain. Therefore, We hereby propose to do a Research Topic on consciousness and neural plasticity to shed light on these underestimated issues.

Plasticity of GABAergic Synapses

Plasticity of GABAergic Synapses Book
Author : Andrea Barberis,Alberto Bacci
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 2889197328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learning and memory are believed to depend on plastic changes of neuronal circuits due to activity-dependent potentiation or depression of specific synapses. During the last two decades, plasticity of brain circuits was hypothesized to mainly rely on the flexibility of glutamatergic excitatory synapses, whereas inhibitory synapses were assumed relatively invariant, to ensure stable and reliable control of the neuronal network. As a consequence, while considerable efforts were made to clarify the main mechanisms underlying plasticity at excitatory synapses, the study of the cellular/molecular mechanisms of inhibitory plasticity has received much less attention. Nevertheless, an increasing body of evidence has revealed that inhibitory synapses undergo several types of plasticity at both pre- and postsynaptic levels. Given the crucial role of inhibitory interneurons in shaping network activities, such as generation of oscillations, selection of cell assemblies and signal integration, modifications of the inhibitory synaptic strength represents an extraordinary source of versatility for the fine control of brain states. This versatility also results from the rich diversity of GABAergic neurons in several brain areas, the specific role played by each inhibitory neuron subtype within a given circuit, and the heterogeneity of the properties and modulation of GABAergic synapses formed by specific interneuron classes. The molecular mechanisms underlying the potentiation or depression of inhibitory synapses are now beginning to be unraveled. At the presynaptic level, retrograde synaptic signaling was demonstrated to modulate GABA release, whereas postsynaptic forms of plasticity involve changes in the number/gating properties of GABAA receptors and/or shifts of chloride gradients. In addition, recent research indicates that GABAergic tonic inhibition can also be plastic, adding a further level of complexity to the control of the excitatory/inhibitory balance in the brain. The present Topic will focus on plasticity of GABAergic synapses, with special emphasis on the molecular mechanisms of plasticity induction and/or expression.

Developmental Plasticity of Inhibitory Circuitry

Developmental Plasticity of Inhibitory Circuitry Book
Author : Sarah L. Pallas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-12-09
ISBN : 9781441912435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience has long been focused on understanding neural plasticity in both development and adulthood. Experimental work in this area has focused almost entirely on plasticity at excitatory synapses. A growing body of evidence suggests that plasticity at inhibitory GABAergic and glycinergic synapses is of critical importance during both development and aging. The book brings together the work of researchers investigating inhibitory plasticity at many levels of analysis and in several different preparations. This topic is of wide relevance across a number of different areas of research in neuroscience and neurology. Medical problems such as epilepsy, mental illness, drug abuse, and movement disorders can result from malfunctioning inhibitory circuits. Further, the maturation of inhibitory circuits may trigger the onset of critical periods of neural circuit plasticity, raising the possibility that such plastici periods could be reactivated for medical benefit by manipulating inhibitory circuitry.

Music Training Neural Plasticity and Executive Function

Music Training  Neural Plasticity  and Executive Function Book
Author : Claude Alain,Assal Habibi,Paul J. Colombo
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-08
ISBN : 2889660478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Music Training Neural Plasticity and Executive Function book written by Claude Alain,Assal Habibi,Paul J. Colombo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cognitive and Brain Plasticity Induced by Physical Exercise Cognitive Training Video Games and Combined Interventions

Cognitive and Brain Plasticity Induced by Physical Exercise  Cognitive Training  Video Games and Combined Interventions Book
Author : Soledad Ballesteros,Claudia Voelcker-Rehage,Louis Bherer
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-07-05
ISBN : 2889455076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The premise of neuroplasticity on enhancing cognitive functioning among healthy as well as cognitively impaired individuals across the lifespan, and the potential of harnessing these processes to prevent cognitive decline attract substantial scientific and public interest. Indeed, the systematic evidence base for cognitive training, video games, physical exercise and other forms of brain stimulation such as entrain brain activity is growing rapidly. This Research Topic (RT) focused on recent research conducted in the field of cognitive and brain plasticity induced by physical activity, different types of cognitive training, including computerized interventions, learning therapy, video games, and combined intervention approaches as well as other forms of brain stimulation that target brain activity, including electroencephalography and neurofeedback. It contains 49 contributions to the topic, including Original Research articles (37), Clinical Trials (2), Reviews (5), Mini Reviews (2), Hypothesis and Theory (1), and Corrections (2).

Handbook of in Vivo Neural Plasticity Techniques

Handbook of in Vivo Neural Plasticity Techniques Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-01
ISBN : 0128120274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of in Vivo Neural Plasticity Techniques, Volume 28: A Systems Neuroscience Approach to the Neural Basis of Memory and Cognition gives a comprehensive overview of the current methods and approaches that are used to study neural plasticity from a systems neuroscience perspective. In addition, the book offers in-depth methodological advice that provides the necessary foundation for researchers establishing methods and students who need to understand the theoretical and methodological bases of these approaches. This is the ideal resource for anyone new to the study of cognitive and behavioral neuroscience who seeks an introduction to state-of-the-art techniques. Offers a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art approaches to studying neuroplasticity in vivo Combines discussions of theoretical underpinnings with the methodological and technical aspects necessary to guarantee success Arranged in a uniform format that clearly and concisely lays out descriptions, methods and the pitfalls of various techniques