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Negative Affective States And Cognitive Impairments In Nicotine Dependence

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Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence

Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence Book
Author : F. Scott Hall,Jared W. Young,Andre Der-Avakian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-17
ISBN : 0128026693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence is the only book of its kind that addresses nicotine use and abuse in the context of negative reinforcement mechanisms. Written and edited by leading investigators in addiction, affective, genetic, and cognitive research, it provides researchers and advanced students with an overview of the clinical bases of these effects, allowing them to fully understand the various underlying dysfunctions that drive nicotine use in different individuals. In addition, this book examines animal models that researchers have utilized to investigate the biological bases of these dysfunctions. The combination of clinical and preclinical approaches to understanding nicotine dependence makes this book an invaluable resource for researchers and practitioners seeking to develop targeted treatments aimed at ameliorating symptoms of nicotine dependence, as well as identifying premorbid differences in affective or cognitive function. Provides a unique perspective on nicotine dependence that emphasizes negative reinforcement rather than positive reinforcement Examines psychiatric comorbidities and alleviation of withdrawal states as motivation for continued tobacco use Includes both clinical and preclinical perspectives Includes genetic and multi-neurotransmitter perspectives on nicotine use and withdrawal Emphasizes heterogeneity of underlying reasons for smoking, the need for multiple animal models to understand this heterogeneity, and the expectation of heterogeneous responses to potential treatments, underscoring the need for personalized therapeutics

Anhedonia Preclinical Translational and Clinical Integration

Anhedonia  Preclinical  Translational  and Clinical Integration Book
Author : Diego A. Pizzagalli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-08
ISBN : 3031096835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anhedonia is a key symptom (and often risk factor) for various neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, substance use disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, and Parkinson's Disease, among others. Across disorders, anhedonia has been associated with worse disease course, including poor response to pharmacological, psychological and neurostimulation treatments as well as completed suicide. Mounting evidence emerging from preclinical and translational sciences has clarified that "anhedonia" can be parsed into partially independent subcomponents, including incentive motivation, consummatory pleasure, reward learning, and effort-based decision making, pointing to distinct neurobiological substrates that could underlie anhedonic phenotypes. Taking an integrative approach that emphasizes cross-species integration and dimensional conceptualization of mental illnesses (e.g., Research Domain Criteria (RDoC)), this book represents the most comprehensive evaluation, synthesis and integration of theories and empirical findings focused on anhedonia. Organized across five parts, the handbook starts with chapters on the history, etiology, and assessments of anhedonia (Part I), followed by a section on the role of anhedonia in psychiatric and neurological disorders (Part II). Using the RDoC Matrix as a guide, Part III presents chapters synthetizing preclinical and clinical findings on different reward processing subdomains (e.g., reward responsiveness, reward valuation, reward learning). Part IV is focused on selected special topics, including historical and current perspectives on the transdiagnostic nature and importance of social anhedonia, the role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of anhedonia, the use of computational modeling to “dissect” anhedonia and improve its understanding, and links between anhedonia and suicide. Finally, Part V includes chapters on pharmacological, psychological and neurostimulation treatments for anhedonia.

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine From Prevention to Recovery

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine  From Prevention to Recovery Book
Author : Hamed Ekhtiari,Antonio Verdejo-García,Scott J. Moeller,Alexander Mario Baldacchino,Martin P. Paulus
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-01-12
ISBN : 2889663779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine From Prevention to Recovery book written by Hamed Ekhtiari,Antonio Verdejo-García,Scott J. Moeller,Alexander Mario Baldacchino,Martin P. Paulus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sleep and Health

Sleep and Health Book
Author : Michael Grandner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 0128153741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sleep and Health provides an accessible yet comprehensive overview of the relationship between sleep and health at the individual, community and population levels, as well as a discussion of the implications for public health, public policy and interventions. Based on a firm foundation in many areas of sleep health research, this text further provides introductions to each sub-area of the field and a summary of the current research for each area. This book serves as a resource for those interested in learning about the growing field of sleep health research, including sections on social determinants, cardiovascular disease, cognitive functioning, health behavior theory, smoking, and more. Highlights the important role of sleep across a wide range of topic areas Addresses important topics such as sleep disparities, sleep and cardiometabolic disease risk, real-world effects of sleep deprivation, and public policy implications of poor sleep Contains accessible reviews that point to relevant literature in often-overlooked areas, serving as a helpful guide to all relevant information on this broad topic area

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : U.S. Government Printing Office
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report considers the biological and behavioral mechanisms that may underlie the pathogenicity of tobacco smoke. Many Surgeon General's reports have considered research findings on mechanisms in assessing the biological plausibility of associations observed in epidemiologic studies. Mechanisms of disease are important because they may provide plausibility, which is one of the guideline criteria for assessing evidence on causation. This report specifically reviews the evidence on the potential mechanisms by which smoking causes diseases and considers whether a mechanism is likely to be operative in the production of human disease by tobacco smoke. This evidence is relevant to understanding how smoking causes disease, to identifying those who may be particularly susceptible, and to assessing the potential risks of tobacco products.

Memory Systems of the Addicted Brain The Underestimated Role of Drug Induced Cognitive Biases in Addiction and Its Treatment

Memory Systems of the Addicted Brain  The Underestimated Role of Drug Induced Cognitive Biases in Addiction and Its Treatment Book
Author : Vincent David,Daniel Béracochéa,Mark E. Walton
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-06-08
ISBN : 2889454878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug addiction may be viewed as a form of learning during which strong associations linking actions to drug-seeking are expressed as persistent stimulus–response habits, thereby maintaining a vulnerability to relapse. Disrupting cue–drug memory could be an efficient strategy to reduce the strength of cues in motivating drug-taking behavior. Upon reactivation, these memories undergo a reconsolidation process that can be blocked pharmacologically, providing an opportunity to prevent the powerful control of drug cues on behavior. This conceptually elegant approach still calls for more experimental data. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that drug taking not only accelerates habit forming, but has long-lasting effects on interactions between memory systems eventually leading to a functional imbalance. The dorsal part of the striatum plays a critical role in habit/procedural learning, whereas the hippocampal memory system encodes relationships between events and their later flexible use. Both humans and rodents studies support the view that the hippocampus and the dorsal striatum interact in either a cooperative or competitive manner during learning, the prefrontal cortex being involved in the selection of an appropriate learning strategy. Chronic drug consumption biases normal interactions between these memory systems. For instance, drug-experienced rodents tend to use preferentially striatum-dependent learning strategies in navigational tasks. These persistent effects seem to occur at cellular, neurophysiological and behavioral levels to promote specific, striatal-dependent forms of learning, to the detriment of spatial/declarative, hippocampal-dependent and more flexible types of memory. Whether cue sensitive and response learners, in contrast to spatial learners, could be prone to drug addiction is an intriguing hypothesis which clearly deserves to be further explored. A loss of flexibility may be uncovered also by imposing changing rules on the subject, such as requiring an attentional shift between different perceptual features of a complex stimulus, as in the attentional set shifting task which was recently adapted to rodents. Working memory is at risk during transition phases, although it remains to be determined whether withdrawal-induced alterations are observed also during protracted abstinence. Drug-induced cognitive biases thus lead to cognitive rigidity which could play a critical, yet overlooked role in different phases of addiction (acquisition, extinction/withdrawal and relapse). They are also likely to preclude the clinical efficiency of treatments. Therefore, the aim of this research topic is to provide an overview of the current work investigating the long-term impact of drug use on learning and memory processes, how multiple memory systems modulate drug-seeking behavior, as well as how drug-induced cognitive biases could contribute to the persistence of addictive behaviors.

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction Book
Author : Mary Torregrossa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 0128123311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction is the only book available that synthesizes the latest research in the field into a single, accessible resource covering all aspects of how addiction develops and persists in the brain. The book summarizes our most recent understanding on the neural mechanisms underlying addiction. It also examines numerous biobehavioral aspects of addiction disorders, such as reinforcement learning, reward, cognitive dysfunction, stress, and sleep and circadian rhythms that are not covered in any other publication. Readers with find the most up-to-date information on which to build a foundation for their future research in this expanding field. Combining chapters from leading researchers and thought leaders, this book is an indispensable guide for students and investigators engaged in addiction research. Transcends multiple neural, neurochemical and behavioral domains Summarizes advances in the field of addiction research since the advent of optogenetics Discusses the most current, leading theories of addiction, including molecular mechanisms and dopamine mechanisms

Neuroscience of Nicotine

Neuroscience of Nicotine Book
Author : Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-20
ISBN : 0128130369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience of Nicotine: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of nicotine addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of nicotine research, treatment, policy and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of nicotine misuse. With an estimated one billion individuals worldwide classified as tobacco users—and tobacco use often being synonymous with nicotine addiction—nicotine is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, and a frequent comorbidity of misuse of other common addictive substances. Nicotine alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition, and quitting is exceedingly difficult because of the number of withdrawal symptoms that accompany the process. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of nicotine use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses nicotine use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions and outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of nicotine use and withdrawal to provide a fully-formed view of nicotine dependency and its effects

Posttraumatic Stress and Substance Use Disorders

Posttraumatic Stress and Substance Use Disorders Book
Author : Anka A. Vujanovic,Sudie E. Back
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 1315442620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Posttraumatic Stress and Substance Use Disorders summarizes the state of the field from a biopsychosocial perspective, addressing key domains of interest to clinicians, students, instructors, and researchers. This book is a valuable resource and reference guide for multidisciplinary practitioners and scientists interested in the evidence-based assessment and treatment of posttraumatic stress and substance use disorders. Chapters written by leaders in the field cover the latest research on assessment, diagnosis, evidence-based treatments, future directions, and much more.

WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2021

WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2021 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2021-07-27
ISBN : 9240032096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2021 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology Book
Author : Jerrold S. Meyer,Andrew M. Farrar,Dominik Biezonski,Jennifer R. Yates
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2022-02
ISBN : 1605359874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Unique in its breadth of coverage ranging from historical accounts of drug use to clinical and preclinical behavioral studies, Psychopharmacology is appropriate for undergraduates studying the relationships between the behavioral effects of psychoactive drugs and their mechanisms of action"--

Biomarkers in Psychiatry

Biomarkers in Psychiatry Book
Author : Judith Pratt,Jeremy Hall
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-05
ISBN : 3319996428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume addresses one of the Holy Grails in Psychiatry, namely the evidence for and potential to adopt ‘Biomarkers’ for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment responses in mental health conditions. It meshes together state of the art research from international renowned pre-clinical and clinical scientists to illustrate how the fields of anxiety disorders, depression, psychotic disorders, and autism spectrum disorder have advanced in recent years.

Health and Academic Achievement

Health and Academic Achievement Book
Author : Blandina Bernal-Morales
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 1789237300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emotional, physical and social well-being describe human health from birth. Good health goes hand in hand with the ability to handle stress for the future. However, biological factors such as diet, life experiences such as drug abuse, bullying, burnout and social factors such as family and community support at the school stage tend to mold health problems, affecting academic achievements. This book is a compilation of current scientific information about the challenges that students, families and teachers face regarding health and academic achievements. Contributions also relate to how physical activity, psychosocial support and other interventions can be made to understand resilience and vulnerability to school desertion. This book will be of interest to readers from broad professional fields, non-specialist readers, and those involved in education policy.

The Neuropharmacology of Nicotine Dependence

The Neuropharmacology of Nicotine Dependence Book
Author : David J.K. Balfour,Marcus R. Munafò
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-31
ISBN : 3319134825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The primary purpose of this book and its companion volume The Behavioral Genetics of Nicotine and Tobacco is to explore the ways in which recent studies on nicotine and its role in tobacco addiction have opened our eyes to the psychopharmacological properties of this unique and fascinating drug. While The Behavioral Genetics of Nicotine and Tobacco considers the molecular and genetic factors which influence behavioral responses to nicotine and how these may impact on the role of nicotine in tobacco dependence, the present book focuses on the complex neural and psychological mechanisms that mediate nicotine dependence in experimental animal models and their relationship to tobacco addiction in humans. These volumes will provide readers a contemporary overview of current research on nicotine psychopharmacology and its role in tobacco dependence from leaders in this field of researchand will hopefully prove valuable to those who are developing their own research programmes in this important topic.

Drugs Addiction and the Brain

Drugs  Addiction  and the Brain Book
Author : George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Michel Le Moal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-12
ISBN : 0123869595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Alcohol and Tobacco

Alcohol and Tobacco Book
Author : Otto-Michael Lesch,Henriette Walter,Christian Wetschka,Michie N. Hesselbrock,Victor Hesselbrock,Samuel Pombo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-29
ISBN : 303041941X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This updated and revised second edition of “Alcohol and Tobacco” reflects the new ICD 11 and DSM V classifications and provides comprehensive descriptions of new therapeutic approaches, outlining the different interactions between personality, environment and the effects of the respective substance. In addition to new data on prevention-based therapies, especially for smoking addiction, the book also presents essential psychological and sociological strategies, and medication-based therapies. Particular attention is given to new medications and new compounds for e-cigarettes, while a broad overview of the American and European epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions rounds out the coverage. Given the breadth and depth of its coverage, the book will appeal to a wide readership, from professionals to researchers and students.

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults Book
Author : United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General
Publisher : U.S. Government Printing Office
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT -- OVERSTOCK SALE -- Significantly reduced list price This Surgeon General s Report details the causes and the consequences of tobacco use among youth and young adults by focusing on the social, environmental, advertising, and marketing influences that encourage youth and young adults to initiate and sustain tobacco use. This is the first time tobacco data on young adults as a discrete population have been explored in detail. The report also highlights successful strategies to prevent young people from using tobacco. This three volume set includes the following items: A booklet containing highlights from the 2012 Surgeon General s report on tobacco use among youth and teens ages 12 through 17 and young adults ages 18 through 26. This booklet provides an overview of tobacco use within this targeted age group. The second booklet is an Executive Summary with two messages. One message from for Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health and Human Services and a second message from Howard Koh, Assistant Secretary of Health and contains a brief introduction to the set and summary and conclusions for each chapter contained in the final volume. The final volume contains over 800 pages of documentation, interwoven with text and data addressing the adverse health consequences of tobacco use by children and young adults. It includes research on a variety of topics, including nicotine addiction, trends in cigarette smoking among young adults, trends in smokeless tobacco use and cigar smoking over time, genetic factors in tobacco use among youth, and mass media influence on smoking to this age group to name a few. This third volume is rich with table data research findings to support the Surgeon General s concerns with America s use and tobacco. If you would like to find similiar products, please check out our Alcoholism, Smoking, and Substance Abuse resources collection at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/health-benefits/alcoholism-smoking-substance-abuse "

Translational Neuropsychopharmacology

Translational Neuropsychopharmacology Book
Author : Trevor W. Robbins,Barbara J. Sahakian
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 3319339133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers wide areas of animal and human psychopharmacology with clinical utility in the treatment of psychiatric and neurological (e.g Alzheimer's disease) disorders. The main theme is to develop a new paradigm for drug discovery that questions the claim that animal models or assays fail adequately to predict Phase 3 clinical trials. A new paradigm is advocated that stresses the importance of intermediate staging points between these extremes that depend on suitable translation of findings from animal studies to Phase 1 or Phase 2 studies utilising experimental medicine.

Nicotine Addiction

Nicotine Addiction Book
Author : C. Tracy Orleans,John Slade,John D. Slade
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0195064410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite persistent warnings from the medical profession about the health risks involved in cigarette smoking, millions of people continue to smoke cigarettes. With contributions from renowned experts, this ground-breaking work defines and explains nicotine addiction as a primary problem or disease, instead of as a habit or risk factor for other diseases. A comprehensive, clinical text on tobacco dependence, this book provides clinicians with essential information on how to diagnose and treat nicotine addicted patients. It also offers the medical, epidemiological and behavioral science backgrounds necessary for understanding the process and dynamics of tobacco dependence. Following the traditional format of medical texts, the book first covers etiology, pathogenesis and complications, then diagnosis and treatment, and finally public health and prevention. Part One presents an overview of the biological, psychological and social factors that contribute to nicotine dependence including such topics as a description of nicotine delivery systems, psychopharmacology, economics, natural history and epidemiology, mortality, morbidity, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. The second part offers practical guidelines and tools for treating nicotine dependence and describes a stepped-care treatment model with brief interventions that can be easily integrated into routine medical practice. This section also covers the role of psychopharmacologic and formal treatment programs, the treatment of smokeless tobacco addiction, and treating nicotine dependence in pregnant women and in people with medical illnesses, other chemical dependencies, or psychiatric disorders. The last section focuses on worksite and community intervention programs and summarizes the research on smoking patterns and history in women, Blacks, Hispanics, youth, and older adults, and shows how intervention and prevention programs could be made more effective in these groups. Written by the nation's leading tobacco control researchers and clinicians, this important work contains new and critical information not previously available.

An Introduction to Behavior Analysis

An Introduction to Behavior Analysis Book
Author : Gregory J. Madden,Derek D. Reed,Florence D. DiGennaro Reed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-02
ISBN : 1119126541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

AN INTRODUCTION TO BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS Explore a fascinating introductory treatment of the principles of behavior analysis written by three leading voices in the field An Introduction to Behavior Analysis delivers an engaging and comprehensive introduction to the concepts and applications for graduate students of behavior analysis. Written from the ground up to capture and hold student interest, the book keeps its focus on practical issues. The book offers readers sound analyses of Pavlovian and operant learning, reinforcement and punishment, motivation and stimulus control, language and rule-following, decision-making and clinical behavior analysis. With fully up to date empirical research references and theoretical content, An Introduction to Behavior Analysis thoroughly justifies every principle it describes with empirical support and explicitly points out where more data are required. The text encourages students to analyze their own experiences and some foundational findings in the field in a way that minimizes jargon and maximizes engagement. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A clear articulation and defense of the philosophical assumptions and overarching goals of behavior analysis. A thorough description of objective data collection, experimental methods, and data analysis in the context of psychology An exploration of the core principles of behavior analysis, presented at a level comprehensible to an introductory audience A broad array of principles that cover issues as varied as language, substance-use disorders, and common psychological disorders Perfect for students taking their first course in behavior analysis or behavior modification, An Introduction to Behavior Analysis will also earn a place in the libraries of students pursuing certification through the Behavior Analysis Certification Board or taking courses in the applied psychological sciences.