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Near Field Radiative Heat Transfer Across Nanometer Vacuum Gaps

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Near Field Radiative Heat Transfer across Nanometer Vacuum Gaps

Near Field Radiative Heat Transfer across Nanometer Vacuum Gaps Book
Author : Soumyadipta Basu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-05-30
ISBN : 0323429769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer across Nanometer Vacuum Gaps provides an in-depth description of fundamentals and application of near-field radiative heat transfer. When the vacuum gap between two media is on the order of nanometers, heat transfer can exceed that between blackbodies. This book investigates near-field heat transfer between different materials and geometries highlighting interplay between optics, material thermophysical properties and electromagnetism. The book also highlights the application of near-field thermal radiation in the field of power generation, imaging, and thermal systems as an analog of electronic devices. Brings together research in near-field radiative heat transfer in a focused and comprehensive manner, allowing those new to the topic to gain a thorough understanding of the science and how it can be used Offers focused coverage of heat transfer in near-field radiation, which other books do not Outlines the interplay between optics, electromagnetics, basic thermodynamics, and thermophysical properties of materials during near-field heat transfer

Nano Microscale Heat Transfer

Nano Microscale Heat Transfer Book
Author : Zhuomin M. Zhang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-23
ISBN : 3030450392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This substantially updated and augmented second edition adds over 200 pages of text covering and an array of newer developments in nanoscale thermal transport. In Nano/Microscale Heat Transfer, 2nd edition, Dr. Zhang expands his classroom-proven text to incorporate thermal conductivity spectroscopy, time-domain and frequency-domain thermoreflectance techniques, quantum size effect on specific heat, coherent phonon, minimum thermal conductivity, interface thermal conductance, thermal interface materials, 2D sheet materials and their unique thermal properties, soft materials, first-principles simulation, hyperbolic metamaterials, magnetic polaritons, and new near-field radiation experiments and numerical simulations. Informed by over 12 years use, the author’s research experience, and feedback from teaching faculty, the book has been reorganized in many sections and enriched with more examples and homework problems. Solutions for selected problems are also available to qualified faculty via a password-protected website.• Substantially updates and augments the widely adopted original edition, adding over 200 pages and many new illustrations;• Incorporates student and faculty feedback from a decade of classroom use;• Elucidates concepts explained with many examples and illustrations;• Supports student application of theory with 300 homework problems;• Maximizes reader understanding of micro/nanoscale thermophysical properties and processes and how to apply them to thermal science and engineering;• Features MATLAB codes for working with size and temperature effects on thermal conductivity, specific heat of nanostructures, thin-film optics, RCWA, and near-field radiation.

Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer

Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer Book
Author : John R. Howell,M. Pinar Mengüc,Kyle Daun,Robert Siegel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 1000257835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seventh edition of this classic text outlines the fundamental physical principles of thermal radiation, as well as analytical and numerical techniques for quantifying radiative transfer between surfaces and within participating media. The textbook includes newly expanded sections on surface properties, electromagnetic theory, scattering and absorption of particles, and near-field radiative transfer, and emphasizes the broader connections to thermodynamic principles. Sections on inverse analysis and Monte Carlo methods have been enhanced and updated to reflect current research developments, along with new material on manufacturing, renewable energy, climate change, building energy efficiency, and biomedical applications. Features: Offers full treatment of radiative transfer and radiation exchange in enclosures. Covers properties of surfaces and gaseous media, and radiative transfer equation development and solutions. Includes expanded coverage of inverse methods, electromagnetic theory, Monte Carlo methods, and scattering and absorption by particles. Features expanded coverage of near-field radiative transfer theory and applications. Discusses electromagnetic wave theory and how it is applied to thermal radiation transfer. This textbook is ideal for Professors and students involved in first-year or advanced graduate courses/modules in Radiative Heat Transfer in engineering programs. In addition, professional engineers, scientists and researchers working in heat transfer, energy engineering, aerospace and nuclear technology will find this an invaluable professional resource. Over 350 surface configuration factors are available online, many with online calculation capability. Online appendices provide information on related areas such as combustion, radiation in porous media, numerical methods, and biographies of important figures in the history of the field. A Solutions Manual is available for instructors adopting the text.

Nanometer Scale Science and Technology

Nanometer Scale Science and Technology Book
Author : Società italiana di fisica
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781586031657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanosciences and nanotechnology are at the interface between physics, chemistry, engineering and biology. The fundamental processes of living matter occur on the nanometre scale. This book is based on local probes (STM, AFM, SNOM) and related supreme technological acheivements. Topics are covered extensively, covering issues such as: clusters, nanocontacts, photonic bad gap materials, atom manipulation by light, atom optics with Bose-Einstein condensates, and quantum computing.

Optical Nanotechnologies

Optical Nanotechnologies Book
Author : Junji Tominaga
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-06-13
ISBN : 3540440704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book treats the phenomena and techniques of advanced optics confined in nanometer-scale regions, especially near-field optics and surface as well as local plasmons. Written by internationally distinguished scientists the coverage extends from the basics to the most advanced technologies, system characteristics and methods of manipulation.

Nano Microscale Heat Transfer

Nano Microscale Heat Transfer Book
Author : Zhuomin Zhang
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2007-04-20
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A THOROUGH EXPLANATION OF THE METHODOLOGIES USED FOR SOLVING HEAT TRANSFER PROBLEMS IN MICRO- AND NANOSYSTEMS. Written by one of the field's pioneers, this highly practical, focused resource integrates the existing body of traditional knowledge with the most recent breakthroughs to offer the reader a solid foundation as well as working technical skills. THE INFORMATION NEEDED TO ACCOUNT FOR THE SIZE EFFECT WHEN DESIGNING AND ANALYZING SYSTEMS AT THE NANOMETER SCALE, WITH COVERAGE OF Statistical Thermodynamics, Quantum Mechanics, Thermal Properties of Molecules, Kinetic Theory, and Micro/Nanofluidics Thermal Transport in Solid Micro/Nanostructures, Electron and Phonon Scattering, Size Effects, Quantum Conductance, Electronic Band Theory, Tunneling, Nonequilibrium Heat Conduction, and Analysis of Solid State Devices Such As Thermoelectric Refrigeration and Optoelectronics Nanoscale Thermal Radiation and Radiative Properties of Nanomaterials, Radiation Temperature and Entropy, Surface Electromagnetic Waves, and Near-Field Radiation for Energy Conversion Devices IN THE NANOWORLD WHERE THE OLD AXIOMS OF THERMAL ANALYSIS MAY NOT APPLY, NANO/MICROSCALE HEAT TRANSFER IS AN ESSENTIAL RESEARCH AND LEARNING SOURCE. Inside: • Statistical Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory • Thermal Properties of Solids • Thermal Transport in Solids Micro/Nanostructures • Micro/Nanoscale Thermal Radiation • Radiative Properties of Nanomaterials

Electromagnetic Fluctuations at the Nanoscale

Electromagnetic Fluctuations at the Nanoscale Book
Author : Aleksandr I. Volokitin,Bo N.J. Persson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 3662534746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a general formalism for the calculation of the spectral correlation function for the fluctuating electromagnetic field. The procedure is applied to the radiative heat transfer and the van der Waals friction using both the semi-classical theory of the fluctuating electromagnetic field and quantum field theory. Applications of the radiative heat transfer and non-contact friction to scanning probe spectroscopy are presented. The theory gives a tentative explanation for the experimental non-contact friction data. The book explains that radiative heat transfer and the van der Waals friction are largely enhanced at short separations between the bodies due to the evanescent electromagnetic waves. Particular strong enhancement occurs if the surfaces of the bodies can support localized surface modes like surface plasmons, surface polaritons or adsorbate vibrational modes. An electromagnetic field outside a moving body can also be created by static charges which are always present on the surface of the body due to inhomogeneities, or due to a bias voltage. This electromagnetic field produces electrostatic friction which can be significantly enhanced if on the surface of the body there is a 2D electron or hole system or an incommensurate adsorbed layer of ions exhibiting acoustic vibrations.

Handbook of Thermal Science and Engineering

Handbook of Thermal Science and Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-18
ISBN : 9783319266947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook provides researchers, faculty, design engineers in industrial R&D, and practicing engineers in the field concise treatments of advanced and more-recently established topics in thermal science and engineering, with an important emphasis on micro- and nanosystems, not covered in earlier references on applied thermal science, heat transfer or relevant aspects of mechanical/chemical engineering. Major sections address new developments in heat transfer, transport phenomena, single- and multiphase flows with energy transfer, thermal-bioengineering, thermal radiation, combined mode heat transfer, coupled heat and mass transfer, and energy systems. Energy transport at the macro-scale and micro/nano-scales is also included. The internationally recognized team of authors adopt a consistent and systematic approach and writing style, including ample cross reference among topics, offering readers a user-friendly knowledgebase greater than the sum of its parts, perfect for frequent consultation. The Handbook of Thermal Science and Engineering is ideal for academic and professional readers in the traditional and emerging areas of mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, aerospace engineering, bioengineering, electronics fabrication, energy, and manufacturing concerned with the influence thermal phenomena.

Metamaterial Enhanced Near field Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion

Metamaterial Enhanced Near field Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion Book
Author : Payam Sabbaghi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is well known that radiative heat transfer rate can exceed that between two blackbodies by several orders of magnitude due to the coupling of evanescent waves. One promising application of near-field thermal radiation is thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices, which convert thermal energy to electricity. Recently, different types of metamaterials with excitations of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs)/surface phonon polaritons (SPhPs), magnetic polaritons (MP), and hyperbolic modes (HM), have been studied to further improve near-field radiative heat flux and conversion efficiency. On the other hand, near-field experimental demonstration between planar surfaces has been limited due to the extreme challenge in the vacuum gap control as well as the parallelism. The main objective of this work is to experimentally study the near-field radiative transfer and the excitation of resonance modes by designing nanostructured thin films separated by nanometer vacuum gaps. In particular, the near-field radiative heat transfer between two parallel plates of intrinsic silicon wafers coated with a thin film of aluminum nanostructure is investigated. In addition, theoretical studies about the effects of different physical mechanisms such as SPhP/SPP, MPs, and HM on near-field radiative transfer in various nanostructured metamaterials are conducted particularly for near-field TPV applications. Numerical simulations are performed by using multilayer transfer matrix method, rigorous coupled wave analysis, and finite difference time domain techniques incorporated with fluctuational electrodynamics. The understanding gained here will undoubtedly benefit the spectral control of near-field thermal radiation for energy-harvesting applications like thermophotovoltaic energy conversion and radiation-based thermal management.

Dynamic Control of Radiative Heat Transfer with Tunable Materials for Thermal Management in Both Far and Near Fields

Dynamic Control of Radiative Heat Transfer with Tunable Materials for Thermal Management in Both Far and Near Fields Book
Author : Yue Yang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proposed research mainly focuses on employing tunable materials to achieve dynamic control of radiative heat transfer in both far and near fields for thermal management. Vanadium dioxide (VO2), which undergoes a phase transition from insulator to metal at the temperature of 341 K, is one tunable material being applied. The other one is graphene, whose optical properties can be tuned by chemical potential through external bias or chemical doping. In the far field, a VO2-based metamaterial thermal emitter with switchable emittance in the mid-infrared has been theoretically studied. When VO2 is in the insulating phase, high emittance is observed at the resonance frequency of magnetic polaritons (MPs), while the structure becomes highly reflective when VO2 turns metallic. A VO2-based thermal emitter with tunable emittance is also demonstrated due to the excitation of MP at different resonance frequencies when VO2 changes phase. Moreover, an infrared thermal emitter made of graphene-covered SiC grating could achieve frequency-tunable emittance peak via the change of the graphene chemical potential.In the near field, a radiation-based thermal rectifier is constructed by investigating radiative transfer between VO2 and SiO2 separated by nanometer vacuum gap distances. Compared to the case where VO2 is set as the emitter at 400 K as a metal, when VO2 is considered as the receiver at 300 K as an insulator, the energy transfer is greatly enhanced due to the strong surface phonon polariton (SPhP) coupling between insulating VO2 and SiO2. A radiation-based thermal switch is also explored by setting VO2 as both the emitter and the receiver. When both VO2 emitter and receiver are at the insulating phase, the switch is at the "on" mode with a much enhanced heat flux due to strong SPhP coupling, while the near-field radiative transfer is greatly suppressed when the emitting VO2 becomes metallic at temperatures higher than 341K during the "off" mode. In addition, an electrically-gated thermal modulator made of graphene covered SiC plates is theoretically studied with modulated radiative transport by varying graphene chemical potential. Moreover, the MP effect on near-field radiative transport has been investigated by spectrally enhancing radiative heat transfer between two metal gratings.

Radiative Heat Transfer with Nanowire nanohole Metamaterials for Thermal Energy Harvesting Applications

Radiative Heat Transfer with Nanowire nanohole Metamaterials for Thermal Energy Harvesting Applications Book
Author : Jui-Yung Chang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently, nanostructured metamaterials have attracted lots of attention due to their tunable artificial properties. In particular, nanowire/nanohole based metamaterials capable of large area fabrication have been intensively studied. Most of the studies are only based on the electrical responses of the metamaterials; however, magnetic response is usually neglected since magnetic material does not exist naturally within the visible or infrared range. For the past few years, artificial magnetic response from nanostructure based metamaterials has been proposed. This reveals the possibility of exciting resonance modes based on magnetic responses in nanowire/nanohole metamaterials which can potentially provide additional enhancement on radiative transport. On the other hand, beyond classical far-field radiative heat transfer, near-field radiation which is known to exceed the Planck’s blackbody limit has also become a hot topic in the field. This PhD dissertation aims to obtain a deep fundamental understanding of nanowire/nanohole based metamaterials in both far-field and near-field in terms of both electrical and magnetic responses. The underlying mechanisms that can be excited by nanowire/nanohole metamaterials such as electrical surface plasmon polariton, magnetic hyperbolic mode, magnetic polariton, etc., will be theoretically studied in both far-field and near-field. Furthermore, other than conventional effective medium theory which only considers the electrical response of metamaterials, the artificial magnetic response of metamaterials will also be studied through parameter retrieval of far-field optical and radiative properties for studying near-field radiative transport. Moreover, a custom-made AFM tip based metrology will be employed to experimentally study near-field radiative transfer between a plate and a sphere separated by nanometer vacuum gaps in vacuum. This transformative research will break new ground in nanoscale radiative heat transfer for various applications in energy systems, thermal management, and thermal imaging and sensing.

Optical Refrigeration

Optical Refrigeration Book
Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-13
ISBN : 3527628053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by the two top experts in the field with a panel of International contributors, this is a comprehensive up-to-date review of research and applications. Starting with the basic physical principles of laser cooling of solids, the monograph goes on to discuss the current theoretical issues being resolved and the increasing demands of growth and evaluation of high purity materials suitable for optical refrigeration, while also examining the design and applications of practical cryocoolers. An advanced text for scientists, researchers, engineers, and students (masters, PHDs and Postdoc) in laser and optical material science, and cryogenics.

Hyperbolic Metamaterials

Hyperbolic Metamaterials Book
Author : Igor I Smolyaninov
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2018-03-23
ISBN : 1681745666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hyperbolic metamaterials were originally introduced to overcome the diffraction limit of optical imaging. Soon thereafter it was realized that hyperbolic metamaterials demonstrate a number of novel phenomena resulting from the broadband singular behavior of their density of photonic states. These novel phenomena and applications include super resolution imaging, new stealth technologies, enhanced quantum-electrodynamic effects, thermal hyperconductivity, superconductivity, and interesting gravitation theory analogs. Here I review typical material systems, which exhibit hyperbolic behavior and outline important new applications of hyperbolic metamaterials, such as imaging experiments with plasmonic hyperbolic metamaterials and novel VCSEL geometries, in which the Bragg mirrors may be engineered in such a way that they exhibit hyperbolic properties in the long wavelength infrared range, so that they may be used to efficiently remove excess heat from the laser cavity. I will also discuss potential applications of self-assembled photonic hypercrystals. This system bypasses 3D nanofabrication issues, which typically limit hyperbolic metamaterial applications. Photonic hypercrystals combine the most interesting features of hyperbolic metamaterials and photonic crystals.

The Theory of Heat Radiation

The Theory of Heat Radiation Book
Author : Max Planck
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1914
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Theory of Heat Radiation book written by Max Planck, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer

Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer Book
Author : C.B. Sobhan,G.P. Peterson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-06-12
ISBN : 1000654214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through analyses, experimental results, and worked-out numerical examples, Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer: Fundamentals and Engineering Applications explores the methods and observations of thermophysical phenomena in size-affected domains. Compiling the most relevant findings from the literature, along with results from their own re

Nanoscale Energy Transport and Conversion

Nanoscale Energy Transport and Conversion Book
Author : Gang Chen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2005-03-03
ISBN : 9780199774685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a graduate level textbook in nanoscale heat transfer and energy conversion that can also be used as a reference for researchers in the developing field of nanoengineering. It provides a comprehensive overview of microscale heat transfer, focusing on thermal energy storage and transport. Chen broadens the readership by incorporating results from related disciplines, from the point of view of thermal energy storage and transport, and presents related topics on the transport of electrons, phonons, photons, and molecules. This book is part of the MIT-Pappalardo Series in Mechanical Engineering.

The Old Quantum Theory

The Old Quantum Theory Book
Author : D. Ter Haar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-07
ISBN : 1483151964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Old Quantum Theory explains how the classical laws were modified by Planck, Einstein, Rutherford, Bohr, and other contributors to account for atomic phenomena, comprising the development of quantum theory from its start at the very end of the 19th century until the beginning of the 20th century. This book begins by discussing Planck's discovery of his radiation law, followed by Einstein's introduction to quanta. Next is a description of the Rutherford model of the atom and Bohr's postulates, which are confirmed by the Franck-Hertz experiment. This selection concludes with a description of how Bohr's theory could explain the main features of the atomic spectra. A brief summary of other important developments in the period are also elaborated. This publication is beneficial to students and researchers conducting work on the history of quantum mechanics from the 1900s to the development of wave mechanics.

Magnetic Ferrites and Related Nanocomposites

Magnetic Ferrites and Related Nanocomposites Book
Author : Ali Ghasemi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0128240156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a fast-emerging and growing class of magnetic materials, ferrites have generated an increasing amount of interest for providing specific magnetic properties through controlled mixture in composites. The study of magnetic ferrite nanocomposites requires a multidisciplinary approach, involving novel synthesis techniques and an understanding of solid-state physics, electronic engineering, and material science. Magnetic Ferrites and Related Nanocomposites covers recent trends of various types of ferrite nanocomposites and evaluating the mechanisms for interpreting static and dynamic magnetic properties. Sections cover the fundamentals of magnetism, introducing different kinds of ferrites, ferrite characterization techniques, magneto-electric ferrite nanocomposites, exchange spring ferrite nanocomposites, shielding effectiveness and microwave absorption characteristics of ferrite-carbon materials, photocatalytic application of ferrite nanocomposites, and novel synthesis techniques for fabricating ferrite in nanoparticles, bulks, thin films, and nanofiber configurations. This book is an important reference for scientists, researchers, graduate students, and practitioners active in this field in order to broaden their understanding of ferrite nanocomposites and their impact on modern technology. Provides background information regarding various basic magnetic phenomena and related theories, and defines the different natures of magnetic materials Covers a wide range of hard and soft ferrites and related nanocomposites, particularly focusing on the correlation between structural features and magnetic analysis Explores the role of substituted cations on the structural, thermal, magnetic, and microwave characteristics of ferrites and their nanocomposites Discusses the mechanism involved for magnetic properties of major types of ferrite-ferroelectric magneto-electric components, exchange spring ferrite nanocomposites for fabricating next-generation permanent magnets, ferrite carbon nanocomposites for suppressing high-frequency electromagnetic radiation, and ferrite photocatalysts for omitting pollutants from our environment Assesses the major challenges of experimental characterization and novel manufacturing techniques for fabrication of high quality ferrite, in terms of purity, shape, size, and distribution, and the application on an industrial scale

Preparation Characterization Properties and Application of Nanofluid

Preparation  Characterization  Properties  and Application of Nanofluid Book
Author : I. M. Mahbubul
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-09-20
ISBN : 012813299X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preparation, Characterization, Properties and Application of Nanofluid begins with an introduction of colloidal systems and their relation to nanofluid. Special emphasis on the preparation of stable nanofluid and the impact of ultrasonication power on nanofluid preparation is also included, as are characterization and stability measurement techniques. Other topics of note in the book include the thermophysical properties of nanofluids as thermal conductivity, viscosity, and density and specific heat, including the figure of merit of properties. In addition, different parameters, like particle type, size, concentration, liquid type and temperature are discussed based on experimental results, along with a variety of other important topics. The available model and correlations used for nanofluid property calculation are also included. Provides readers with tactics on nanofluid preparation methods, including how to improve their stability Explores the effect of preparation method and stability on thermophysical and rheological properties of nanofluids Assesses the available model and correlations used for nanofluid property calculation

Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer

Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer Book
Author : Robert Siegel
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1992-09-01
ISBN : 9780891162711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This extensively revised 4th edition provides an up-to-date, comprehensive single source of information on the important subjects in engineering radiative heat transfer. It presents the subject in a progressive manner that is excellent for classroom use or self-study, and also provides an annotated reference to literature and research in the field. The foundations and methods for treating radiative heat transfer are developed in detail, and the methods are demonstrated and clarified by solving example problems. The examples are especially helpful for self-study. The treatment of spectral band properties of gases has been made current and the methods are described in detail and illustrated with examples. The combination of radiation with conduction and/or convection has been given more emphasis nad has been merged with results for radiation alone that serve as a limiting case; this increases practicality for energy transfer in translucent solids and fluids. A comprehensive catalog of configuration factors on the CD that is included with each book provides over 290 factors in algebraic or graphical form. Homework problems with answers are given in each chapter, and a detailed and carefully worked solution manual is available for instructors.