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Natures Machines

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Nature s Machines

Nature s Machines Book
Author : David E. Alexander
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-15
ISBN : 0128498978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nature’s Machines: An Introduction to Organismal Biomechanics presents the fundamental principles of biomechanics in a concise, accessible way while maintaining necessary rigor. It covers the central principles of whole-organism biomechanics as they apply across the animal and plant kingdoms, featuring brief, tightly-focused coverage that does for biologists what H. M. Frost’s 1967 Introduction to Biomechanics did for physicians. Frequently encountered, basic concepts such as stress and strain, Young’s modulus, force coefficients, viscosity, and Reynolds number are introduced in early chapters in a self-contained format, making them quickly available for learning and as a refresher. More sophisticated, integrative concepts such as viscoelasticity or properties of hydrostats are covered in the later chapters, where they draw on information from multiple earlier sections of the book. Animal and plant biomechanics is now a common research area widely acknowledged by organismal biologists to have broad relevance. Most of the day-to-day activities of an animal involve mechanical processes, and to the extent that organisms are shaped by adaptive evolution, many of those adaptations are constrained and channelized by mechanical properties. The similarity in body shape of a porpoise and a tuna is no coincidence. Many may feel that they have an intuitive understanding of many of the mechanical processes that affect animals and plants, but careful biomechanical analyses often yield counterintuitive results: soft, squishy kelp may be better at withstanding pounding waves during storms than hard-shelled mollusks; really small swimmers might benefit from being spherical rather than streamlined; our bones can operate without breaking for decades, whereas steel surgical implants exhibit fatigue failures in a few months if not fully supported by bone. Offers organismal biologists and biologists in other areas a background in biomechanics to better understand the research literature and to explore the possibility of using biomechanics approaches in their own work Provides an introductory presentation of the everyday mechanical challenges faced by animals and plants Functions as recommended or required reading for advanced undergraduate biology majors taking courses in biomechanics, supplemental reading in a general organismal biology course, or background reading for a biomechanics seminar course

Machines of Nature and Corporeal Substances in Leibniz

Machines of Nature and Corporeal Substances in Leibniz Book
Author : Justin E. H. Smith,Ohad Nachtomy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-04
ISBN : 9400700415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent decades, there has been much scholarly controversy as to the basic ontological commitments of the philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). The old picture of his thought as strictly idealistic, or committed to the ultimate reduction of bodies to the activity of mind, has come under attack, but Leibniz's precise conceptualization of bodies, and the role they play in his system as a whole, is still the subject of much controversy. One thing that has become clear is that in order to understand the nature of body in Leibniz, and the role body plays in his philosophy, it is crucial to pay attention to the related concepts of organism and of corporeal substance, the former being Leibniz's account of the structure of living bodies (which turn out, for him, to be the only sort of bodies there are), and the latter being an inheritance from the Aristotelian hylomorphic tradition which Leibniz appropriates for his own ends. This volume brings together papers from many of the leading scholars of Leibniz's thought, all of which deal with the cluster of questions surrounding Leibniz's philosophy of body.

The Machinery of Nature

The Machinery of Nature Book
Author : Paul R. Ehrlich
Publisher : Touchstone
Release : 1986
ISBN : 9780671633127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This explanation of ecology, written specifically for nonscientists emphasizes the relationships of living things and their environment and the delicate balance of natural ecosystems.

Darwin Machines and the Nature of Knowledge

Darwin Machines and the Nature of Knowledge Book
Author : Henry Plotkin
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780674192812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn and survive. Behind this simple equation lies a revolution in the study of knowledge, which has left the halls of philosophy for the labs of science. This book offers a cogent account of what such a move does to our understanding of the nature of learning, rationality, and intelligence. Bringing together evolutionary biology, psychology, and philosophy, Henry Plotkin presents a new science of knowledge, one that traces an unbreakable link between instinct and our ability to know. Contrary to the modern liberal idea that knowledge is something derived from experience, this science shows us that what we know is what our nature allows us to know, what our instincts tell us we must know. Since our ability to know our world depends primarily on what we call intelligence, intelligence must be understood as an extension of instinct. Drawing on contemporary evolutionary theory, especially notions of hierarchical structure and universal Darwinism, Plotkin tells us that the capacity for knowledge, which is what makes us human, is deeply rooted in our biology and, in a special sense, is shared by all living things. This leads to a discussion of animal and human intelligence as well as an appraisal of what an instinct-based capacity for knowledge might mean to our understanding of language, reasoning, emotion, and culture. The result is nothing less than a three-dimensional theory of our nature, in which all knowledge is adaptation and all adaptation is a specific form of knowledge.

Nature s Machines

Nature s Machines Book
Author : Deborah A. Parks
Publisher : Franklin Watts
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780531169551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mimi Koehl, a biomechanist, uses engineering and physics to study the designs of living things that fly, swim, drift, and crawl. She loves solving riddles about how creatures from feathered dinosaurs to flying frogs live and move. Mimi's curiosity has led her into all kinds of natural neighborhoods.

Relics

Relics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2011-10-31
ISBN : 0226568709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combines text with colorful photographs to chronicle the species of animals and plants that are biological relics of a bygone era.

Species and Machines

Species and Machines Book
Author : Martyn Hudson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-18
ISBN : 1351615246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a re-examination of the relationship between humans and nature with a new methodology: by examining our entanglement with machines. Using central ideas of critical theory, it uncovers the suppression of nature through technology, tools and engines. It focuses on the ways in which human social forms have actively subjugated and destroyed other species in order to enhance their own social power and accumulation, leading to a new Anthropocene epoch in which human intervention is signalled in the geological record. Beginning with an account of the interactions between humans and other species, the book moves on to explore the hidden history of Marx and his obsession with machines, as well as new attempts to rethink a Marxist ecology, before proceeding to examine the manner in which technologies were used to suppress and destroy one particular species - the Whale of what we call the Cetacean Holocaust. Following this, there are analyses of the emergence of the ‘human encampments’ of the cities and the rise of mobile, locomotive cultures, and consideration of the relationship between machines of memory, and the ‘capturing’ of nature. A radical rethinking of classical social theory that develops new ways of thinking about ecological catastrophe and nature, this book will appeal to scholars of social theory and environmental sociology.

Machine Nature

Machine Nature Book
Author : Moshe Sipper
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computer scientist Moshe Sipper takes readers on a thrilling journey to the terra nova of computing to provide a compelling look at cutting-edge computers, robots, and machines now and in the decades ahead.

Our Molecular Nature

Our Molecular Nature Book
Author : David S. Goodsell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461223369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Nature is a richly illustrated guide to the extraordinary diversity of molecules that are responsible for life. David Goodsell, author of the highly-praised book, The Machinery of Life, has synthesized a vast amount of data in a manner that is accessible to the general reader. Molecular Nature examines topics ranging from the shape of cells to the molecules responsible for digestion, immunity, and thought. The author's unique combination of scientific and artistic talents make this a readable, stimulating and highly evocative book. About the Author: David Goodsell is in the Department of Molecular Biology at the Research Institute of Scripps Clinic in La Jolla, California. His research involves computer graphics and X-ray crystallography. He is the author of The Machinery of Life (Springer-Verlag, 1992), and his artwork has been shown at exhibitions on science and art.

Protein Machines Technology and the Nature of the Future

Protein Machines  Technology  and the Nature of the Future Book
Author : Wyatt Galusky
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-04
ISBN : 3031087178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Protein Machines Technology and the Nature of the Future book written by Wyatt Galusky, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Analogia

Analogia Book
Author : George Dyson
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release : 2020-08-18
ISBN : 0374710074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Named one of WIRED’s "The Best Pop Culture That Got Us Through 2020" In Analogia, technology historian George Dyson presents a startling look back at the analog age and life before the digital revolution—and an unsettling vision of what comes next. In 1716, the philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz spent eight days taking the cure with Peter the Great at Bad Pyrmont in Saxony, trying to persuade the tsar to launch a voyage of discovery from Russia to America and to adopt digital computing as the foundation for a remaking of life on earth. In two classic books, Darwin Among the Machines and Turing’s Cathedral, George Dyson chronicled the realization of the second of Leibniz’s visions. In Analogia, his pathbreaking new book, he brings the story full circle, starting with the Russian American expedition of 1741 and ending with the beyond-digital revolution that will complete the transformation of the world. Dyson enlists a startling cast of characters, from the time of Catherine the Great to the age of machine intelligence, and draws heavily on his own experiences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, and onward to the rain forest of the Northwest Coast. We are, Dyson reveals, entering a new epoch in human history, one driven by a generation of machines whose powers are no longer under programmable control. Includes black-and-white illustrations

The Nature of the Mechanical Bond

The Nature of the Mechanical Bond Book
Author : Carson J. Bruns,J. Fraser Stoddart
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-11-07
ISBN : 1119044006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to the mechanical bond -- The fundamentals of making mechanical bonds -- Making mechanical bonds under thermodynamic control -- Molecular topologies and architectures with mechanical bonds -- The stereochemistry of the mechanical bond -- Molecular switches and machines with mechanical bonds

Birds

Birds Book
Author : Caroline Arnold
Publisher : Charlesbridge Publishing
Release : 2003-07-01
ISBN : 1570915725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hovering, gliding, diving -- how do birds do it? BIRDS: NATURE'S MAGNIFICENT FLYING MACHINES looks at how feathers, body structure, and wings vary from bird to bird. Readers will learn the mechanics of bird flight from takeoff to landing and discover how wing types meet the survival needs of each species. Popular science writer Caroline Arnold infuses this informative look at avian flight with her love of birds. Patricia J. Wynne's exquisitely detailed illustrations show these amazing creatures in action.

Lithium ion Batteries

Lithium ion Batteries Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9783030168001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This is the first machine-generated scientific book in chemistry published by Springer Nature. Serving as an innovative prototype defining the current status of the technology, it also provides an overview about the latest trends of lithium-ion batteries research. This book explores future ways of informing researchers and professionals. State-of-the-art computer algorithms were applied to: select relevant sources from Springer Nature publications, arrange these in a topical order, and provide succinct summaries of these articles. The result is a cross-corpora auto-summarization of current texts, organized by means of a similarity-based clustering routine in coherent chapters and sections. This book summarizes more than 150 research articles published from 2016 to 2018 and provides an informative and concise overview of recent research into anode and cathode materials as well as further aspects such as separators, polymer electrolytes, thermal behavior and modelling. With this prototype, Springer Nature has begun an innovative journey to explore the field of machine-generated content and to find answers to the manifold questions on this fascinating topic. Therefore it was intentionally decided not to manually polish or copy-edit any of the texts so as to highlight the current status and remaining boundaries of machine-generated content. Our goal is to initiate a broad discussion, together with the research community and domain experts, about the future opportunities, challenges and limitations of this technology."--Publisher's website.

The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics

The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics Book
Author : Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-03
ISBN : 3319545175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a philosophical exploration of the theoretical causes behind the collapse of classical cybernetics, as well as the lesson that this episode can provide to current emergent technologies. Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson advances the idea that the cybernetic understanding of the nature of a machine entails ontological and epistemological consequences that created both material and theoretical conundrums. However, he proposes that given our current state of materials research, scientific practices, and research tools, there might be a way for cybernetics to flourish this time. The book starts with a historical and theoretical articulation of cybernetics in order to proceed with a philosophical explanation of its collapse—emphasizing the work of Alan Turing, Ross Ashby and John von Neumann. Subsequently, Malapi-Nelson unveils the common metaphysical signature shared between cybernetics and emergent technologies, identifying this signature as transhumanist in nature. Finally, avenues of research that may allow these disruptive technologies to circumvent the cybernetic fate are indicated. It is proposed that emerging technologies ultimately entail an affirmation of humanity.

Climate Planetary and Evolutionary Sciences

Climate  Planetary and Evolutionary Sciences Book
Author : Guido Visconti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-14
ISBN : 3030747131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the result of an innovative challenge, to create a systematic literature overview driven by machine-generated content. Questions and related keywords were prepared for the machine to query, discover, collate and structure by Artificial Intelligence (AI) clustering. The AI-based approach seemed especially suitable to provide an innovative perspective as the topics are indeed both complex, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, for example, climate, planetary and evolution sciences. Springer Nature has published much on these topics in its journals over the years, so the challenge was for the machine to identify the most relevant content and present it in a structured way that the reader would find useful. The automatically generated literature summaries in this book are intended as a springboard to further discoverability. They are particularly useful to readers with limited time, looking to learn more about the subject quickly and especially if they are new to the topics. Springer Nature seeks to support anyone who needs a fast and effective start in their content discovery journey, from the undergraduate student exploring interdisciplinary content, to Master- or PhD-thesis developing research questions, to the practitioner seeking support materials, this book can serve as an inspiration, to name a few examples. It is important to us as a publisher to make the advances in technology easily accessible to our authors and find new ways of AI-based author services that allow human-machine interaction to generate readable, usable, collated, research content.

The Nature of Induction Machines

The Nature of Induction Machines Book
Author : Philip Langdon Alger
Publisher : Gordon & Breach Science Pub
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Nature of Induction Machines book written by Philip Langdon Alger, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nature Inspired Computation and Machine Learning

Nature Inspired Computation and Machine Learning Book
Author : Alexander Gelbukh,Félix Castro Espinoza,Sofía N. Galicia-Haro
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-05
ISBN : 331913650X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two-volume set LNAI 8856 and LNAI 8857 constitutes the proceedings of the 13th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2014, held in Tuxtla, Mexico, in November 2014. The total of 87 papers plus 1 invited talk presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 348 submissions. The first volume deals with advances in human-inspired computing and its applications. It contains 44 papers structured into seven sections: natural language processing, natural language processing applications, opinion mining, sentiment analysis, and social network applications, computer vision, image processing, logic, reasoning, and multi-agent systems, and intelligent tutoring systems. The second volume deals with advances in nature-inspired computation and machine learning and contains also 44 papers structured into eight sections: genetic and evolutionary algorithms, neural networks, machine learning, machine learning applications to audio and text, data mining, fuzzy logic, robotics, planning, and scheduling, and biomedical applications.

Nature Inspired Computation in Data Mining and Machine Learning

Nature Inspired Computation in Data Mining and Machine Learning Book
Author : Xin-She Yang,Xing-Shi He
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-03
ISBN : 3030285537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the latest developments in nature-inspired computation, with a focus on the cross-disciplinary applications in data mining and machine learning. Data mining, machine learning and nature-inspired computation are current hot research topics due to their importance in both theory and practical applications. Adopting an application-focused approach, each chapter introduces a specific topic, with detailed descriptions of relevant algorithms, extensive literature reviews and implementation details. Covering topics such as nature-inspired algorithms, swarm intelligence, classification, clustering, feature selection, cybersecurity, learning algorithms over cloud, extreme learning machines, object categorization, particle swarm optimization, flower pollination and firefly algorithms, and neural networks, it also presents case studies and applications, including classifications of crisis-related tweets, extraction of named entities in the Tamil language, performance-based prediction of diseases, and healthcare services. This book is both a valuable a reference resource and a practical guide for students, researchers and professionals in computer science, data and management sciences, artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Travels To The Nanoworld

Travels To The Nanoworld Book
Author : Michael Gross
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2008-01-04
ISBN : 0465011551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our lives are about to be changed by new technologies that operate on a scale too small to be seen by even the most powerful optical microscopes. Devices measured in nanometers-billionths of a meter-have set off a nanotechnology revolution. In Travels to the Nanoworld, Michael Gross takes us deep into this miniature universe and describes natural processes and new technologies that will make modern machines look like relics from the Stone Age. Starting with the model of the living cell, whose vital processes are directed and carried out by structures with dimensions on the nanometer scale, Gross shows how biochemists are beginning to understand the mechanisms of the "nanotechnology of nature." Soon science will have the knowledge and technology to generate artificial systems that will perform similar tasks, and through them will find new treatments for disease, substitutes for toxic waste, and alternatives to carbon fuel.