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Naturalness and Iconicity in Language

Naturalness and Iconicity in Language Book
Author : Klaas Willems,Ludovic De Cuypere
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9027243433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume examines unresolved issues in iconicity and naturalness in language. The studies discuss topics such as naturalism in the philosophy of language and the epistemology of linguistics, linguistic iconicity in semiotics, iconic structures in Sign Languages, natural and unnatural sound patterns, the iconic nature of parts of speech, the relation between (un)markedness and naturalness, and lexical and syntactic iconicity.

Naturalness String Landscape and Multiverse

Naturalness  String Landscape and Multiverse Book
Author : Arthur Hebecker
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-26
ISBN : 3030651517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a string-theoretic approach to new ideas in particle physics, also known as Physics Beyond the Standard Model, and to cosmology. The concept of Naturalness and its apparent violation by the low electroweak scale and the small cosmological constant is emphasized. It is shown that string theory, through its multitude of solutions, known as the landscape, offers a partial resolution to these naturalness problems as well as suggesting more speculative possibilities like that of a multiverse. The book is based on a one-semester course, as such, it has a pedagogical approach, is self-contained and includes many exercises with solutions. Notably, the basics of string theory are introduced as part of the lectures. These notes are aimed at graduate students with a solid background in quantum field theory, as well as at young researchers from theoretical particle physics to mathematical physics. This text also benefits students who are in the process of studying string theory at a deeper level. In this case, the volume serves as additional reading beyond a formal string theory course.

Morphological Naturalness

Morphological Naturalness Book
Author : Willi Mayerthaler
Publisher : Karoma Pub
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Profoundly concerned with the properties of access, perceptual complexity, and pragmatic presuppositions, here formalized as a calculus of markedness, this study attempts to provide a highly principled explanation of morphological complexity and change. Here, markedness is construed as a qualitative statement, as a natural parametric device, and not as an empirically empty algorithmic tool. This work is fundamentally concerned with iconicity as a property of grammatical encoding. A major contribution to a dynamic theory of language as a communicative endeavor, this study is strongly oriented towards universals with prognostic capacity. Moreover, the terms morphology and naturalness are here given biological reference, keyed as they are to the basis for a biology of language, and it is thus altogether fitting that this first English-language version of a work that has long enjoyed critical airing in Europe be prefaced with an essay by none less than Rupert Riedl -- Back cover.

Naturalness

Naturalness Book
Author : Dieter Birnbacher
Publisher : University Press of America
Release : 2014-04-15
ISBN : 0761863508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Naturalness, Dieter Birnbacher delves into an argument common in everyday thinking and ethics—the argument of naturalness. This argument suggests that what is natural is in some ways superior to what is artificial, due to repeated positive connotations associated with the natural. This book presents both a phenomenology and a critique. For the former, Naturalness reviews the role of naturalistic arguments in various domains of everyday language and reasoning as well as in political and ethical debates, especially regarding controversial issues in preservation. For the latter, it critically discusses the persuasiveness of naturalness, both intellectually and morally, and how it is currently no more than an expression of conservatism and resistance to change in basic orientations.

Philosophy of Nature

Philosophy of Nature Book
Author : Svein Anders Noer Lie
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1317645952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of naturalness has largely disappeared from the academic discourse in general but also the particular field of environmental studies. This book is about naturalness in general – about why the idea of naturalness has been abandoned in modern academic discourse, why it is important to explicitly re-establish some meaning for the concept and what that meaning ought to be. Arguing that naturalness can and should be understood in light of a dispositional ontology, the book offers a point of view where the gap between instrumental and ethical perspectives can be bridged. Reaching a new foundation for the concept of ‘naturalness’ and its viability will help raise and inform further discussions within environmental philosophy and issues occurring in the crossroads between science, technology and society. This topical book will be of great interest to researchers and students in Environmental Studies, Environmental Philosophy, Science and Technology Studies, Conservation Studies as well as all those generally engaged in debates about the place of ‘man in nature’.

Inflectional Morphology and Naturalness

Inflectional Morphology and Naturalness Book
Author : Wolfgang Ullrich Wurzel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1989-04-30
ISBN : 9781556080258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Inflectional Morphology and Naturalness book written by Wolfgang Ullrich Wurzel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Features of Naturalness in Conversation

Features of Naturalness in Conversation Book
Author : Martin Warren
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 2006-12-14
ISBN : 902729285X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study describes a detailed and original piece of research work, investigating a very important genre of human communication, and that is conversation. It provides a definition of the genre of conversation by describing nine features of conversation, namely multiple sources, discourse coherence, language as doing, co-operation, unfolding, open-endedness, artifacts, inexplicitness and shared responsibility. These nine features of naturalness in conversation serve to distinguish conversation from specialized discourse types. The study illustrates the nine defining features of conversation with authentic conversational data collected surreptitiously in England. While this study is of native speakers of English, the nine defining features of naturalness of English conversation are applicable to conversations conducted in other languages.

The Naturalness of Religious Ideas

The Naturalness of Religious Ideas Book
Author : Pascal Boyer
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 1994-02-03
ISBN : 9780520911628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why do people have religious ideas? And why thosereligious ideas? The main theme of Pascal Boyer's work is that important aspects of religious representations are constrained by universal properties of the human mind-brain. Experimental results from developmental psychology, he says, can explain why certain religious representations are more likely to be acquired, stored, and transmitted by human minds. Considering these universal constraints, Boyer proposes an exciting new answer to the question of why similar religious representations are found in so many different cultures. His work will be widely discussed by cultural anthropologists, psychologists, and students of religion, history, and philosophy.

Authenticity in Nature

Authenticity in Nature Book
Author : Nigel Dudley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-03-12
ISBN : 113647255X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the concept of naturalness in ecosystems, discusses its values and considers choices about the level of naturalness in conservation efforts. The author argues that all ecosystems have been modified and the idea of places 'untouched by humans' is a myth. But there are large differences in the degree of modification and levels of naturalness which can be identified. Changes are not always irreversible; some apparent wilderness areas are sites of former civilizations. There is no longer any simple distinction possible between 'natural' and 'cultural' systems. In the future, society will, to some extent, choose the degree of naturalness in land and seascapes. The growth of protected areas is an early sign of this, as are changes in forest management, dam removal and control of invasive species. To make informed choices about these areas, the author shows that we must understand the characteristics and values of naturally regulating ecosystems – their practical benefits, social values and management needs. Authenticity in Nature uses a rigorous definition of authenticity to help in the understanding and measurement of naturalness. It discusses the choices facing us and some of the information we need to make decisions relating to land and water management. Practical issues of management and numerous terrestrial and aquatic examples from around the world are discussed. It is an optimistic and highly original book, aiming to make genuine advances in our understanding and management of natural systems.

Higgs Potential and Naturalness After the Higgs Discovery

Higgs Potential and Naturalness After the Higgs Discovery Book
Author : Yuta Hamada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-30
ISBN : 9811034184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis focuses on the theoretical foundation of the Standard Model valid up to the Planck scale, based on the current experimental facts from the Large Hadron Collider. The thesis consists of two themes: (1) to open up a new window of the Higgs inflation scenario, and (2) to explore a new solution to the naturalness problem in particle physics. In the first area, on the Higgs inflation scenario, the author successfully improves a large value problem on a coupling constant relevant to the Higgs mass in the Standard Model, in which the coupling value of the order of 105 predicted in a conventional scenario is reduced to the order of 10. This result makes the Higgs inflation more attractive because the small value of coupling is natural in the context of ultraviolet completion such as string theory. In the second area, the author provides a new answer to the naturalness problem, of why the cosmological constant and the Higgs mass are extremely small compared with the Planck scale. Based on the baby universe theory originally proposed by Coleman, the smallness of those quantities is successfully explained without introducing any additional new particles relevant at the TeV energy scale.

The Naturalness of Belief

The Naturalness of Belief Book
Author : Paul Copan,Charles Taliaferro
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 1498579914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume exposes naturalism’s unnaturalness and defends theism’s naturalness and greater explanatory power to account for wide-ranging phenomena in the world and human experience. A broadening of naturalism to accommodate these features means borrowing heavily from—and thus more closely resembling—a theistic worldview.

Neural Information Processing

Neural Information Processing Book
Author : Masumi Ishikawa,Kenji Doya,Hiroyuki Miyamoto,Takeshi Yamakawa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-16
ISBN : 3540691545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volume set LNCS 4984 and LNCS 4985 constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Neural Information Processing, ICONIP 2007, held in Kitakyushu, Japan, in November 2007, jointly with BRAINIT 2007, the 4th International Conference on Brain-Inspired Information Technology. The 228 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous ordinary paper submissions and 15 special organized sessions. The 116 papers of the first volume are organized in topical sections on computational neuroscience, learning and memory, neural network models, supervised/unsupervised/reinforcement learning, statistical learning algorithms, optimization algorithms, novel algorithms, as well as motor control and vision. The second volume contains 112 contributions related to statistical and pattern recognition algorithms, neuromorphic hardware and implementations, robotics, data mining and knowledge discovery, real world applications, cognitive and hybrid intelligent systems, bioinformatics, neuroinformatics, brain-conputer interfaces, and novel approaches.

The Fragmentation of Being

The Fragmentation of Being Book
Author : Kris McDaniel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 0191030376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fragmentation of Being offers answers to some of the most fundamental questions in ontology. There are many kinds of beings but are there also many kinds of being? The world contains a variety of objects, each of which, let us provisionally assume, exists, but do some objects exist in different ways? Do some objects enjoy more being or existence than other objects? Are there different ways in which one object might enjoy more being than another? Most contemporary metaphysicians would answer "no" to each of these questions. So widespread is this consensus that the questions this book addressed are rarely even raised let alone explicitly answered. But Kris McDaniel carefully examines a wide range of reasons for answering each of these questions with a "yes". In doing so, he connects these questions with many important metaphysical topics, including substance and accident, time and persistence, the nature of ontological categories, possibility and necessity, presence and absence, persons and value, ground and consequence, and essence and accident. In addition to discussing contemporary problems and theories, McDaniel also discusses the ontological views of many important figures in the history of philosophy, including Aquinas, Aristotle, Descartes, Heidegger, Husserl, Kant, Leibniz, Meinong, and many more.

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-03-07
ISBN : 9535102028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The common idea for many people is that forests are just a collection of trees. However, they are much more than that. They are a complex, functional system of interacting and often interdependent biological, physical, and chemical components, the biological part of which has evolved to perpetuate itself. This complexity produces combinations of climate, soils, trees and plant species unique to each site, resulting in hundreds of different forest types around the world. Logically, trees are an important component for the research in forest ecosystems, but the wide variety of other life forms and abiotic components in most forests means that other elements, such as wildlife or soil nutrients, should also be the focal point in ecological studies and management plans to be carried out in forest ecosystems. In this book, the readers can find the latest research related to forest ecosystems but with a different twist. The research described here is not just on trees and is focused on the other components, structures and functions that are usually overshadowed by the focus on trees, but are equally important to maintain the diversity, function and services provided by forests. The first section of this book explores the structure and biodiversity of forest ecosystems, whereas the second section reviews the research done on ecosystem structure and functioning. The third and last section explores the issues related to forest management as an ecosystem-level activity, all of them from the perspective of the "other" parts of a forest.

The Philosophy of Parochialism

The Philosophy of Parochialism Book
Author : Radomir Konstantinovic
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release : 2021-10-07
ISBN : 0472132725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Available for the first time in English--an essay with important insights on the sources of totalitarianism, intolerance, and racism

The Christian Doctrine of Sin

The Christian Doctrine of Sin Book
Author : Julius Müller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1868
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Christian Doctrine of Sin book written by Julius Müller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Increasing Naturalness and Flexibility in Spoken Dialogue Interaction

Increasing Naturalness and Flexibility in Spoken Dialogue Interaction Book
Author : Erik Marchi,Sabato Marco Siniscalchi,Sandro Cumani,Valerio Mario Salerno,Haizhou Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-10
ISBN : 981159323X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles and presents a synopsis on current global research efforts to push forward the state of the art in dialogue technologies, including advances to language and context understanding, and dialogue management, as well as human–robot interaction, conversational agents, question answering and lifelong learning for dialogue systems.

The Christian doctrine of sin tr by W Urwick

The Christian doctrine of sin  tr  by W  Urwick Book
Author : Julius Müller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1868
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Christian doctrine of sin tr by W Urwick book written by Julius Müller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laws of Nature

Laws of Nature Book
Author : Walter Ott,Lydia Patton
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-05-12
ISBN : 0191063711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is the origin of the concept of a law of nature? How much does it owe to theology and metaphysics? To what extent do the laws of nature permit contingency? Are there exceptions to the laws of nature? Is it possible to give a reductive analysis of lawhood, or is it a primitive? Twelve new essays by an international team of leading philosophers take up these and other central questions on the laws of nature, whilst also examining some of the most important intuitions and assumptions that have guided the debate over laws of nature since the concepts invention in the seventeenth century. Laws of Nature spans the history of philosophy and of science, contemporary metaphysics, and contemporary philosophy of science.

The Journal of speculative philosophy

The Journal of speculative philosophy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1882
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Journal of speculative philosophy book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.