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Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials In Construction

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Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction Book
Author : Wouter Schroeyers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 0081020082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Construction (COST Action NORM4Building) discusses the depletion of energy resources and raw materials and its huge impact not only on the building market, but also in the development of new synthetic building materials, whereby the reuse of various (waste) residue streams becomes a necessity. It is based on the outcome of COST Action TU 1301, where scientists, regulators, and representatives from industry have come together to present new findings, sharing knowledge, experiences, and technologies to stimulate research on the reuse of residues containing enhanced concentrates of natural radionuclides (NORM) in tailor-made building materials. Chapters address legislative issues, measurement, and assessment of building materials, physical and chemical aspects, from raw materials, to residues with enhanced concentrations of natural radionuclides (NORM), processes, building products containing NORM, and end-of-life and reuse requirements. Presents a holistic approach in developing new reuse pathways involving experts on different (technical, chemical, physical, ecological, economical and radiological) aspects of materials Provides practical guidance that address questions and comments regarding the EU-BSS standards linked to the processing of NORM in building materials Investigates realistic legislative scenarios Primarily aimed at industry and actors linked to the industry, but also researchers Contains a strong international network of expert authors and internal reviewers for each chapter

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : T.Rick Irvin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 1351429116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials - known in the industry as NORM -has become an important part of the regular training required for workers in oil and gas production, refinery and petrochemical manufacturing, and in certain types of mining. Proper handling of NORM-contaminated wastes and use of appropriate radiation detection and protective equipment are now understood to be important components of good worker safety programs. Until now, no practical, easy-to-read, book was available to supplement worker training courses on NORM management. Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials: Principles and Practices fills this void by providing, in a single publication, an ideal reference for industry managers, supervisors and line personnel. The book stresses the proper handling and management of NORM contaminated wastes and provides a firm understanding of the chemical properties of radioactive agents, their toxicological effects, and the appropriate containerization and disposal methods for these materials.

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-08
ISBN : 0309580706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Extent of Environmental Contamination by Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material NORM and Technological Options for Mitigation

Extent of Environmental Contamination by Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material  NORM  and Technological Options for Mitigation Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher :
Release : 2003
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This purpose of this report is to raise awareness of the residues arising from the processing of various naturally occurring radioactive materials and the possible environmental contamination arising from these. The various processes and their residues are analysed and the technical options for dealing with such contamination are discussed. The industries of interest include those related to fuel production, water use, metal ores and industrial minerals.

Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 0857096354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Engineering Geology for Society and Territory Volume 5

Engineering Geology for Society and Territory   Volume 5 Book
Author : Giorgio Lollino,Andrea Manconi,Fausto Guzzetti,Martin Culshaw,Peter Bobrowsky,Fabio Luino
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-25
ISBN : 3319090488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is one out of 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes, and deals with the theme of urban geology. Along with a rapidly growing world population, the wave of urban growth continues, causing cities to swell and new metropolitan centers to emerge. These global trends also open new ventures for underground city development. Engineering geology plays a major role in facing the increasing issues of the urban environment, such as: finding aggregates for construction works; providing adequate water supply and waste management; solving building problems associated to geological and geomorphological conditions; evaluating host rock conditions for underground constructions; preventing or mitigating geological and seismic hazards. Furthermore, this book illustrates recent advancements in sustainable land use planning, which includes conservation, protection, reclamation and landscape impact of open pit mining and alternative power generation. The Engineering Geology for Society and Territory volumes of the IAEG XII Congress held in Torino from September 15-19, 2014, analyze the dynamic role of engineering geology in our changing world and build on the four main themes of the congress: environment, processes, issues and approaches. The congress topics and subject areas of the 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes are: 1. Climate Change and Engineering Geology 2. Landslide Processes River Basins 3. Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources 4. Marine and Coastal Processes Urban Geology 5. Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation 6. Applied Geology for Major Engineering Projects 7. Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology 8. Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Characterization and Valorization of Norm Wastes for Construction Materials

Characterization and Valorization of Norm Wastes for Construction Materials Book
Author : Irene García-Díaz
Publisher :
Release : 2016
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recycling of waste generated by industrial production processes is a topic of considerable environmental and economic interest. The minimization of waste disposal, avoiding its direct release into the environment, generates environmental benefits for industries in addition to the manufacture of the main product. Some of these wastes, measured by their radioactive element content, may be considered as naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). Two of these NORMs are phosphogypsum (PG) and ilmenite mud (IM) come from the fertilizer industry and TiO2 pigment industry, respectively. This chapter discusses the viability of valorization and/or recycling of PG and IM in the manufacture of sulfur polymer cement/concrete, Portland cement, and ceramic materials.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book
Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-03
ISBN : 0080993931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

The Natural Radiation Environment VII

The Natural Radiation Environment VII Book
Author : J.P. McLaughlin,E.S. Simopoulos,F. Steinhäusler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-03-30
ISBN : 9780080457918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Natural Radiation Environment Symposium (NRE VII), the Seventh in the NRE series, which commenced forty years ago in 1963 at Rice University Texas, was held in Rhodes (Greece) in May 2002. During the intervening four decades the research work presented at these NRE Symposia has contributed to a deeper understanding of natural radiation and in particular of its contribution to human radiation exposures. It is clear from the quality and diversity of the 143 papers in this volume of Radioactivity in the Environment series that the study of the natural radiation environment is an active and continually expanding field of research. The papers in this volume fall into a number of main and topical research areas namely: the measurement and behaviour of natural radionuclides in the environment cosmic radiation measurement and dosimetry the external penetrating radiation field at ground level TENR (Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation) and NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) studies assessment of the health effects of radon regulatory aspects of natural radiation exposures In these papers the results of many new surveys of natural radionuclide levels in the environment and of improved methods of detection are described. While some of the natural radiation sources investigated are unmodified by human activity, many accounts are given here of exposures to natural sources which have been enhanced by technology. Such TENR and NORM exposures are shown to range from activities such as mining, oil and gas exploitation, the use of industrial by-products as building materials, to space travel to name but a few. In several cases quite high doses to some individuals are shown to occur. Accounts are given here of methods to prevent and reduce exposures to such sources.

Environmental Science

Environmental Science Book
Author : Daniel D. Chiras
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780763708603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely updated, the seventh edition of 'Environmental Science' enlightens students on the fundamental causes of the current environmental crisis and offers ideas on how we, as a global community, can create a sustainable future.

Nuclear Safety

Nuclear Safety Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1983
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials NORM IV

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials  NORM IV  Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher :
Release : 2005
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasingly, countries are regulating exposures to natural sources of radiation, and the body of radiological data on such exposures is growing rapidly. This report contains the proceedings of an international conference which addressed a number of issues including: exposure to radionuclides of natural origin in mining and other industrial operations involving NORM (including environmental impacts), standards and regulation, and measurement techniques including measurement of radon.

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-02
ISBN : 9780080474892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Radioactivity in the Environment Series addresses the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us is documented and given perspective. In a world in which nuclear science is not only less popular than in the past, but also less extensively taught in universities and colleges, this book series will fill a significant educational gap. Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment presents an updated and critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved. Contains extensive references to sources of more detailed information Provides a detailed summary of radioactivity in terrestrial ecosystems, providing a substantial and essential reference on the subject Discusses lesser-known sources of radiation exposure that provide useful information for those seeking to place environmental radioactivity into perspective

NORM a Guide to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material

NORM  a Guide to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Book
Author : William Feathergail Wilson
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release : 1994
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text accommodates all levels of knowledge regarding naturally-occurring radioactive material. It explains what and where it is, its impact on the environment and ensuing regulations. Starting with the basics, this book covers everything from definitions to theories to concepts.

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety Book
Author : International Labour Office
Publisher : International Labour Organization
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9789221092032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developed through an extensive process of consultation with leading professionals and health and safety institutions worldwide, the new, expanded, and long-awaited Fourth Edition of this well-respected reference provides comprehensive, timely, and accurate coverage of occupational health and safety. Aimed at the specialist and non-specialist alike, such as lawyers, doctors, nurses, engineers, toxicologists, regulators, and other safety professionals, this compendium is organized and designed to provide the most critical information in an easy-to-read format. It uses more than 1,000 illustrations, a new attractive layout, and provides thousands of cited references that provide up-to-date literature reviews. Indexes by subject, chemical name, and author make navigating through information quick and easy. The CD-ROM version includes the same information as the print volumes, plus the benefit of a powerful search and retrieval engine to make searching for information as easy as a mouse click. Here's a sampling of what's covered in each volume and the CD-ROM: Volume 1: The body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches Volume 2: Psychological and organizational factors, hazards, the environment, accidents, and safety Volume 3: Chemicals, industries and occupations Volume 4: Index by subject, chemical name, author, cross-reference guide, directory of contributors.

Rutherford s Vascular Surgery E Book

Rutherford s Vascular Surgery E Book Book
Author : Jack L. Cronenwett,K. Wayne Johnston
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-03-12
ISBN : 0323243061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published in association with the Society for Vascular Surgery, Rutherford’s Vascular Surgery presents state-of-the-art updates on all aspects of vascular health care. Extensively revised by many new authors to meet the needs of surgeons, interventionalists, and vascular medicine specialists, this medical reference book incorporates medical, endovascular and surgical treatment, as well as diagnostic techniques, decision making and fundamental vascular biology. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Master the latest developments, techniques, and approaches with thorough updates on endovascular applications, vascular access, imaging, non-operative management, and much more. View clinical and physical findings and operative techniques more vividly with a full-color layout and images. Get answers you can depend on. Rutherford's delivers the world’s most trusted information on all major areas of vascular health care, is written by international experts, and includes up-to-date bibliographies and annotated recommended references. Discover emerging techniques in rapidly advancing topics, with special emphasis on endovascular coverage, vascular imaging, angiography, CT and MRI. Explore brand new chapters on dialysis catheters, renovascular disease, and management of branches during endovascular aneurysm. Stay up-to-date with the latest coverage of endovascular procedures that reflects the changing practices and techniques in vascular surgery. Access videos at Expert Consult.