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Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds

Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-09-25
ISBN : 9780080464923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely book provides an overview of natural products/botanicals used for the management of insect-pest and diseases. It will help readers to update and widen their knowledge about natural products and their bio-activities against plant pathogens. The volume explores activity, chemistry, toxicity and geographic distribution of plants. Discussions concerning the methodology used for the detection of active principles, their mode of action and commercial prospects are of utmost importance and worthy of note. Focuses on recent achievements in natural bio-actives Global coverage of natural products / plants Targets the most important issues of natural botanicals/ biocides Includes innovative ideas with lucid explanations Contains specialized chapters, such as, natural control of multi-drug resistant organisms, anti-salmonella agents, natural house-dust-mite control agents, and naturally occurring anti-insect proteins, etc. Covers research on bioactives: From Lab to Field and Field to Market Includes eco-friendly and economically viable herbal technology

Chemistry and Pharmacology of Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds

Chemistry and Pharmacology of Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds Book
Author : Goutam Brahmachari
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-02-20
ISBN : 1439891680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural products play crucial roles in modern drug development, and constitute a prolific source of novel lead compounds or pharmacophores for ongoing drug discovery programs. Chemistry and Pharmacology of Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds presents cutting-edge research in the chemistry of bioactive natural products and demonstrates how natural product research continues to make significant contributions in the discovery and development of new medicinal entities. In 21 chapters, this book highlights chemistry and pharmaceutical potential of natural products in modern drug discovery processes, and covers the synthesis and semi-synthesis of potentially bioactive natural products. Written for phytochemists, synthetic chemists, combinatorial chemists, as well as other practitioners and students in related fields, the book features chemical advances in naturally occurring organic compounds and describes their chemical transformations and structure–activity relationships.

Advances in Plant Phenolics

Advances in Plant Phenolics Book
Author : Guddadarangavvanahally K. Jayaprakasha,Giuseppe Gattuso
Publisher :
Release : 2019-07-05
ISBN : 9780841232969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presently, the diverse researchers of the phenolics community invest their time and energy in a broad range of activities from the isolation and identification of new phenolic compounds from plant materials to the study of the effect and mechanism of action of known and novel phenolics in vitro and in vivo. Reflecting this diversity, the symposium covered widespread topics, with outstanding contributions ranging from isolation and identification of naturally occurring bioactive compounds, to the understanding of their health benefits.

Bioactive Natural Products

Bioactive Natural Products Book
Author : Steven M. Colegate,Russell J. Molyneux
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-12-14
ISBN : 1420006886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioactive natural products are proving to be a rich source of novel therapeutics to both protect against and combat diseases, as well as serve as lead compounds in crop protection. Following the successful format of the first edition, this volume brings together collective research from many new contributors and emphasizes the rationale behind the

Bioactive Natural Products

Bioactive Natural Products Book
Author : Goutam Brahmachari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-23
ISBN : 3527337946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural compounds, which have evolved their function over millions of years, are often more efficient than man-made compounds if a specific biological activity is needed, e.g. as an enzyme inhibitor or as a toxin to kill a cancer cell. This book comprising of sixteen technical chapters, highlights the chemical and biological aspects of potential natural products with an intention of unravelling their pharmaceutical applicability in modern drug discovery processes. Key features: Covers the synthesis, semi-synthesis and also biosynthesis of potentially bioactive natural products Features chemical and biological advances in naturally occurring organic compounds describing their chemical transformations, mode of actions, and structure-activity relationships 40 expert scientists from around the world report their latest findings and outline future opportunities for the development of novel and highly potent drugs based on natural products operating at the interface of chemistry and biology Forward-looking: Addresses opportunities and cutting-edge developments rather than well-documented basic knowledge, pinpoints current trends and future directions in this rapidly-evolving field Application-oriented: Throughout the book, the focus is on actual and potential applications in pharmacology and biotechnology This book is an essential resource for natural products chemists, medicinal chemists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, as well as the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries.

Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources

Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources Book
Author : Corrado Tringali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-02
ISBN : 9780203212318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interest in obtaining biologically active compounds from natural sources has recently spiked due to their low toxicity, complete biodegradability, availability from renewable sources, and in most cases, low cost. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources: Isolation, Characterization, and Biological Properties covers general methods and main topics in the research field of bioactive natural products. The book describes general screening methods, modern HPLC hyphenated techniques, and NMR methods in the structural elucidation of compounds and devotes individual chapters to specific topics of research. Surveys on compounds displaying important pharmacological activities are presented in chapters devoted to Mexican medicinal plants, anti-tumor drugs of natural origin, cancer chemopreventive flavonoids, and metabolites displaying anti-HIV, antioxidative, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory activity. The final chapters are devoted to representative examples of research into marine metabolites: immunomodulating marine glycolipids and surveys of bioactive compounds from marine opisthobranchs and Japanese soft corals. With its focus on modern approaches to the isolation of biologically active natural products, this book encourages interdisciplinary work among chemists, pharmacologists, biologists, botanists, and agronomists with an interest in bioactive natural products.

Marine Algae Extracts 2 Volume Set

Marine Algae Extracts  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim,Katarzyna Chojnacka
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-10
ISBN : 3527679596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed as the primary reference for the biotechnological use of macroalgae, this comprehensive handbook covers the entire value chain from the cultivation of algal biomass to harvesting and processing it, to product extraction and formulation. In addition to covering a wide range of product classes, from polysaccharides to terpenes and from enyzmes to biofuels, it systematically discusses current and future applications of algae-derived products in pharmacology, medicine, cosmetics, food and agriculture. In doing so, it brings together the expertise of marine researchers, biotechnologists and process engineers for a one-stop resource on the biotechnology of marine macroalgae.

Biologically Active Natural Products

Biologically Active Natural Products Book
Author : Horace G. Cutler,Stephen J. Cutler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-06-23
ISBN : 9781420048629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural products that have both plant growth regulatory properties and pharmaceutical properties are examined in this book. This is the first and most up-to-date text linking agrochemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry in an easy to read presentation for practitioners in both fields. Due to the intense and widespread attention being given to

Neuroprotective Effects of Phytochemicals in Neurological Disorders

Neuroprotective Effects of Phytochemicals in Neurological Disorders Book
Author : Tahira Farooqui,Akhlaq A. Farooqui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-20
ISBN : 1119155142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phytochemicals are naturally occurring bioactive compounds found in edible fruits, plants, vegetables, and herbs. Unlike vitamins and minerals, phytochemicals are not needed for the maintenance of cell viability, but they play a vital role in protecting neural cells from inflammation and oxidative stress associated with normal aging and acute and chronic age-related brain diseases. Neuroprotective Effects of Phytochemicals in Neurological Disorders explores the advances in our understanding of the potential neuroprotective benefits that these naturally occurring chemicals contain. Neuroprotective Effects of Phytochemicals in Neurological Disorders explores the role that a number of plant-based chemical compounds play in a wide variety of neurological disorders. Chapters explore the impact of phytochemicals on neurotraumatic disorders, such as stroke and spinal cord injury, alongside neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease, as well as neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. The chapters and sections of this book provide the reader with a big picture view of this field of research. Neuroprotective Effects of Phytochemicals in Neurological Disorders aims to present readers with a comprehensive and cutting edge look at the effects of phytochemicals on the brain and neurological disorders in a manner useful to researchers, neuroscientists, clinical nutritionists, and physicians.

Local Mediterranean Food Plants and Nutraceuticals

Local Mediterranean Food Plants and Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Michael Heinrich,Walter Erhard Müller,Claudio Galli
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 3805581246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a result of domestication - considered to be the most important cultural development of the past 13,000 years of human history - we depend today on a tiny number of domesticated plant and animal species for our food supply. Nevertheless, people continue to gather food which grows around their homes or they cultivate local varieties of food plants (as well as keep land races of domestic animals). Generally, wild varieties tend to be richer in micronutrients and bioactive secondary metabolites, which are produced in adaptation to local environmental conditions. These metabolites trigger further adaptive responses by producing 'protective', bioactive compounds which, when ingested, result in the transfer of protective effects to our organism. The preservation of local knowledge for future generations as well as the identification of new nutraceuticals by means of characterizing plant extracts with potential health beneficial effects are the main objectives of this book. The first part therefore focuses on the ethnobotanical study of local food plants in selected regions of the Mediterranean, i.e. their use as well as beliefs and cultural practices associated with it. The biological-pharmacological effects of these plants on selected (mostly in vitro) targets of the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system make up the second part, highlighting the potential of these plants for developing novel health foods, herbal medicines or local products with beneficial effects on health. Those interested in an integrated approach to the identification of new and health beneficial foods will undoubtedly find this book a valuable source of information and an inspiration for new scientific approaches to this age-old topic.

Biochemistry of the Stilbenoids

Biochemistry of the Stilbenoids Book
Author : J. Gorham
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1995-02-28
ISBN : 0412550709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive account of the distribution, chemistry, biological roles and pharmacological properties of this group of phenolic compounds.

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Processing Technology

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Processing Technology Book
Author : Joyce I. Boye
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-03
ISBN : 1118504976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For several years, the food industry has been interested inidentifying components in foods which have health benefits to beused in the development of functional food and nutraceuticalproducts. Examples of these ingredients include fibre,phytosterols, peptides, proteins, isoflavones, saponins, phyticacid, probiotics, prebiotics and functional enzymes. Although muchprogress has been made in the identification, extraction andcharacterisation of these ingredients, there remains a need forready and near-market platform technologies for processing theseingredients into marketable value-added functional food andnutraceutical products. This book looks at how these ingredientscan be effectively incorporated into food systems for market, andprovides practical guidelines on how challenges in specific foodsectors (such as health claims and marketing) can be addressedduring processing. Nutraceutical and Functional Food Processing Technologyis a comprehensive overview of current and emerging trends in theformulation and manufacture of nutraceutical and functional foodproducts. It highlights the distinctions between foods falling intothe nutraceutical and functional food categories. Topics includesustainable and environmentally–friendly approaches to theproduction of health foods, guidelines and regulations, and methodsfor assessing safety and quality of nutraceutical and functionalfood products. Specific applications of nutraceuticals in emulsionand salad dressing food products, beverages and soft drinks, bakedgoods, cereals and extruded products, fermented food products arecovered, as are novel food proteins and peptides, and methods forencapsulated nutraceutical ingredients and packaging. The impact ofprocessing on the bioactivity of nutraceutical ingredients,allergen management and the processing of allergen-free foods,health claims and nutraceutical food product commercialization arealso discussed. Nutraceutical and Functional Food Processing Technologyis a comprehensive source of practical approaches that can be usedto innovate in the nutraceutical and health food sectors. Fullyup-to-date and relevant across various food sectors, the book willbenefit both academia and industry personnel working in the healthfood and food processing sectors.

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-04
ISBN : 1466566280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A natural long-chain polymer, chitin is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods (including crustaceans and insects), the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods. However, marine crustacean shells are the primary sources of the chitin derivative chitosan. Chitin and chitosan are useful for various biological and biomedical applications, although they have been limited by poor solubility in the past. Current research focuses on increasing their solubility and bioactivity through molecular modifications. The resulting derivatives are receiving much attention for interesting properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nontoxicity, that make them suitable for use in the biomedical field. Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments presents current research trends in the synthesis of chitin and chitosan derivatives, their biological activities, and their biomedical applications. Part I discusses basic information about the synthesis and characterization of a variety of derivatives, including the preparation of chitin nanofibers. Part II covers chitin and chitosan modifications as the basis for biological applications. It describes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial activities. Part III addresses chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and wound dressing. A must-have reference for novices and experts in biotechnology, natural products, materials science, nutraceuticals, and biomedical engineering, this book presents a wide range of biological and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan derivatives for drug discovery and development.

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles Book
Author : Goutam Brahmachari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-17
ISBN : 0128005904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles reviews this significant group of organic compounds within the context of sustainable methods and processes. Each clearly structured chapter features in-depth coverage of various green protocols for the synthesis of a wide variety of bioactive heterocycles classified on the basis of ring-size and/or presence of heteratoms(s). Techniques covered include microwave heating, ultrasound, ionic liquids, solid phase, solvent-free, heterogeneous catalysis, and aqueous media, along with multi-component reaction strategies. This book also integrates advances in green chemistry research into industrial applications and process developments. Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working in medicinal, organic, natural product, and agricultural chemistry. Includes global coverage of a wide variety of green synthetic techniques Features cutting-edge research in the field of bioactive heterocyclic compounds Focuses extensively on applications, with numerous examples of biologically relevant heterocycles

Naturally occurring pest bioregulators

Naturally occurring pest bioregulators Book
Author : Paul Arthur Hedin,Paul A. Hedin
Publisher : An American Chemical Society Publication
Release : 1991
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing resistance of pests to pesticides has led to a search for better, safer compounds and delivery systems for controlling plant and animal pests. This new volume explores the use of biologically active natural products to control insects, diseases, and weeds. Its 31 chapters are divided into five sections covering bioregulators of insect behavior and development, insects and other animals, phytoalexins and phototoxins in plant pest control, and allelochemicals as plant disease control agents.

Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources Second Edition

Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources  Second Edition Book
Author : Corrado Tringali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-27
ISBN : 1439822298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources was published in a period of renewed attention to biologically active compounds of natural origin. This trend has continued and intensified—natural products are again under the spotlight, in particular for their possible pharmacological applications. Largely focusing on natural products as lead compounds in drug discovery, Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources, Second Edition: Natural Products as Lead Compounds in Drug Discovery is actually a completely new volume containing surveys of selected recent advances in an interdisciplinary area covering chemistry of natural products, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, and other related topics. Written by some of the most reputed scientists in the field, this second edition includes new chapters from authors who contributed to the first edition as well as many chapters compiled by new authors. Introducing the reader to strategies and methods in the search for bioactive natural products, this book covers topics including: Natural sources of bioactive compounds such as aquatic cyanobacteria, filamentous fungi, and tropical plants, The tremendous potentiality of metabolic engineering of natural products biosynthesis The contribution of emerging or developing technologies to the study of bioactive natural compounds, namely computational methods and circular dichroism The potential of natural or natural-derived compounds for specific therapeutic applications: treatment of viral diseases, regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor, antimalarials, modulation of angiogenesis, and antitumor and wound-healing activity Selected examples of natural product families and related synthetic analogues, namely polyphenols and campthotecins Compiled for researchers and Ph.D. students working in interdisciplinary fields, this book will also be appreciated by readers without a background in chemistry interested in bioactive natural products, their biological and pharmacological properties, and their possible use as chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agents. Conversely, the biological and pharmacological data and methods are accessible by chemists.

Advanced Bioactive Compounds Countering the Effects of Radiological Chemical and Biological Agents

Advanced Bioactive Compounds Countering the Effects of Radiological  Chemical and Biological Agents Book
Author : Grant N. Pierce,Volodymyr I. Mizin,Alexander Omelchenko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 9400765134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The probability for exposure to damaging radiation, toxic chemicals in the environment and adverse biological agents has increased exponentially today. The more frequent and faster travel that we experience today also escalates the risk of contraction and transmission of potentially deadly infections. This has created a very real and escalating risk for injuries and deaths. This is accentuated in the military and medical staff that is more frequently exposed to radiological, chemical, and biological agents in their normal working environment. Understanding the mechanisms whereby these toxic agents inflict damage to our bodies is essential to prepare us for these challenges. Much of the damage is inflicted through the generation of free radicals and non-radical oxidants which then act through oxidative mechanisms to injury the body. This volume will discuss the damage caused by these radiological, chemical, and biological environmental stressors, the mechanisms through which the damage can occur and the novel strategies that can be used to reduce the injury inflicted by these toxic compounds. Using basic and clinical research approaches, the contents of this book discuss new ideas for the development of bioactive products and environmental approaches to lessen or negate the biological damage inflicted by these noxious compounds.

Drugs in American Society An Encyclopedia of History Politics Culture and the Law 3 volumes

Drugs in American Society  An Encyclopedia of History  Politics  Culture  and the Law  3 volumes  Book
Author : Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2014-12-16
ISBN : 1610695968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

Bioactive Compounds in Foods

Bioactive Compounds in Foods Book
Author : John Gilbert,Hamide Şenyuva
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-01-21
ISBN : 1444302299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inherent toxicants and processing contaminants are bothnon-essential, bioactive substances whose levels in foods can bedifficult to control. This volume covers both types of compound forthe first time, examining their beneficial as well as theirundesirable effects in the human diet. Chapters have been writtenas individually comprehensive reviews, and topics have beenselected to illustrate recent scientific advances in understandingof the occurrence and mechanism of formation, exposure/riskassessment and developments in the underpinning analyticalmethodology. A wide range of contaminants are examined in detail,including pyrrolizidine alkaloids, glucosinolates, phycotoxins, andmycotoxins. Several process contaminants (eg acrylamide and furan),which are relatively new but which have a rapidly growingliterature, are also covered. The book provides a practical reference for a wide range ofexperts: specialist toxicologists (chemists and food chemists),hygienists, government officials and anyone who needs to be awareof the main issues concerning toxicants and process contaminants infood. It will also be a valuable introduction to the subject forpost-graduate students.