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Natural Gas Hydrates In Flow Assurance

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Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance Book
Author : Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2010-10-12
ISBN : 9781856179461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Flow Assurance Solids in Oil and Gas Production

Flow Assurance Solids in Oil and Gas Production Book
Author : Jon Steinar Gudmundsson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-13
ISBN : 1351733168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The precipitation and deposition of solids are a major challenge in the production of oil and gas. Flow assurance solids are formed because of unavoidable changes in temperature, pressure and composition of the oil-gas-water flowstream, from reservoir conditions to processing conditions. The advent of subsea production and the increased exploitation of heavy crudes have made flow assurance issues dominant in ensuring efficient and safe exploitation of hydrocarbon assets. Five troublesome flow assurance solids are described in the book: asphaltene, paraffin wax, natural gas hydrate, naphthenate and inorganic scale. These big-five solids are presented in stand-alone chapters. Each chapter is designed to be readable without clutter. Derivations of equations and descriptions of supporting details are given in several appendices. The book is intended for professional engineers and natural scientist working in E&P companies, engineering companies, service companies and specialized companies. An understanding of the big-five solids is required throughout the lifetime of oil and gas assets, from early development to abandonment. The technical, safety and environmental risks associated with deposition problems in near-wellbore formations, production tubing, wellhead equipment, flowlines and processing facilities, are relevant for decisions in the oil and gas industry and in outside regulatory and financial entities.

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases Book
Author : E. Dendy Sloan Jr.,Carolyn A. Koh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-09-07
ISBN : 1420008498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas cla

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates Book
Author : John Carroll
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-01-13
ISBN : 9780080512402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the most exhaustive study to date on natural gas hydrates. In spite of their importance, hydrates are misunderstood, and misconceptions abound. This book provides an accurate review of what hydrates are and under what conditions they will form, and it provides the engineer with the methods to predict the occurrences of hydrates. The petroleum industry spends millions every year to combat the formation of hydrates, the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules, damaging equipment and plugging transmission lines. Understanding how, when, and where they form and using this knowledge to apply remedies in practical applications are crucial. * The most comprehensive study of natural gas hydrates * A manual for the engineer or textbook for the student * Contains cutting-edge solutions to natural gas hydrate problems

Flow Assurance

Flow Assurance Book
Author : Qiwei Wang
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0128232587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petroleum engineers search through endless sources to understand oil and gas chemicals, find problems, and discover solutions while operations are becoming more unconventional and driving towards more sustainable practices.?The Oil and Gas Chemistry Management Series?brings an all-inclusive suite of tools to cover all the sectors of oil and gas chemicals from drilling to production, processing, storage, and transportation. The?second?reference in?the series,?Flow Assurance,?delivers the critical chemical oilfield basics while also covering latest research developments and practical solutions. Organized by the type of problems and mitigation methods, this reference allows the engineer to fully understand how to effectively control chemistry issues, make sound decisions, and mitigate challenges ahead. Basics include?root cause, model prediction and laboratory simulation of the major chemistry related challenges during oil and gas productions, while more advanced discussions cover?the chemical and non-chemical mitigation strategies for more efficient, safe and sustainable operations. Supported by a list of contributing experts from both academia and industry,?Flow Assurance?brings a necessary reference to bridge petroleum chemistry operations from theory into safer and cost-effective practical applications.? Offers?full?range of oilfield production chemistry issues, including chapters focused on?hydrate and organic deposition control, liquid blockage mitigation, and abiotic and microbially influenced corrosion prevention Gain effective control?on?problems and mitigation strategies from industry list of experts and contributors? Delivers both up to date research developments and practical applications, bridging between theory and practice

Ionic Liquids in Flow Assurance

Ionic Liquids in Flow Assurance Book
Author : Bhajan Lal,Ali Qasim,Azmi Mohammad Shariff
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-05
ISBN : 3030637530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the application of ionic liquids in flow assurance in the oil and gas industry. It discusses their physiochemical properties, and considers the role of ionic liquids as gas hydrate inhibitors in offshore pipelines. Gas hydrate occurrence can pose a major threat to pipeline integrity. Therefore, different categories of gas hydrate inhibitors and the main factors influencing ionic liquids during gas hydrate inhibition are examined thoroughly. The use of ionic liquids as corrosion inhibitors, their application in flow assurance industry to mitigate corrosion, and factors affecting their performance are discussed. Finally, the applications of ionic liquids in wax, scale and asphaltenes deposition control is explored. The extensive discussion of ionic liquids in flow assurance mean that this book will be of use to researchers, engineers, and industry professionals in upstream processing of the oil and gas sector.

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates Book
Author : Nobuo Maeda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-15
ISBN : 3030518744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to experimental techniques of general utility that can be used to practically and reliably determine nucleation rates. It also covers the basics of gas hydrates, phase equilibria, nucleation theory, crystal growth, and interfacial gaseous states. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of hydrate nucleation. The formation of gas hydrates is a first-order phase transition that begins with nucleation. Understanding nucleation is of interest to many working in the chemical and petroleum industry, since nucleation, while beneficial in many chemical processes, is also a concern in terms of flow assurance for oil and natural gas pipelines. A primary difficulty in the investigation of gas hydrate nucleation has been researchers’ inability to determine and compare the nucleation rates of gas hydrates across systems with different scales and levels of complexity, which in turn has limited their ability to study the nucleation process itself. This book introduces readers to experimental techniques that can be used to practically and reliably determine the nucleation rates of gas hydrate systems. It also covers the basics of gas hydrates, phase equilibria, nucleation theory, crystal growth, and interfacial gaseous states. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of hydrate nucleation.

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons Book
Author : IUrii Federovich Makogon,I︠U︡riĭ Fedorovich Makogon,Yuri F. Makogon
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780878147182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons is the first book to address methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. The book provides solutions formulated for drilling, pipeline, and chemical engineers in both the onshore and offshore environments, as well as educators in advanced petroleum and chemical engineering courses. It also offers timely information on the use of hydrate properties in new technologies and the production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits.

Hydrate Formation and Deposition in Natural Gas Flow Line

Hydrate Formation and Deposition in Natural Gas Flow Line Book
Author : Esam Jassim
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2011-12
ISBN : 9783847319306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases that occur in petroleum deposits. It is principally composed of methane and varying quantities of ethane, propane, and heavier hydrocarbons, and is used as a fuel and in the manufacture of organic compounds. These hydrocarbon components exist in multiple phases according to changes in temperature, pressure and composition. Under certain conditions solids may also precipitate, resulting in changes to the fluid properties. Macroscopically, hydrate structures appear similar to ice or snow, but unlike ice hydrates can be stable at temperatures above 0 C. The interest in hydrates has significantly increased because of their potential as a separating agent and as a storage vehicle. Gas hydrates found in deep seas and permafrost provide a large amount of methane. Other positive applications include carbon dioxide sequestration, separation and natural gas storage. In return, the occurrence of such solids may lead to severe problems in oil and gas production systems. Besides, its physical properties may include an important bearing on flow assurance and safety matters, posing a major risk in all high-pressure oil and natural gas transport lines."

Offshore Pipelines

Offshore Pipelines Book
Author : Tian Ran Lin, PhD,Boyun Guo,,Shanhong Song, Ph.D.,Ali Ghalambor, PhD,Jacob Chacko
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-04-25
ISBN : 0080456901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offshore Pipelines covers the full scope of pipeline development from pipeline designing, installing, and testing to operating. It gathers the authors' experiences gained through years of designing, installing, testing, and operating submarine pipelines. The aim is to provide engineers and management personnel a guideline to achieve cost-effective management in their offshore and deepwater pipeline development and operations. The book is organized into three parts. Part I presents design practices used in developing submarine oil and gas pipelines and risers. Contents of this part include selection of pipe size, coating, and insulation. Part II provides guidelines for pipeline installations. It focuses on controlling bending stresses and pipe stability during laying pipelines. Part III deals with problems that occur during pipeline operations. Topics covered include pipeline testing and commissioning, flow assurance engineering, and pigging operations. This book is written primarily for new and experienced engineers and management personnel who work on oil and gas pipelines in offshore and deepwater. It can also be used as a reference for college students of undergraduate and graduate levels in Ocean Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Petroleum Engineering. * Pipeline design engineers will learn how to design low-cost pipelines allowing long-term operability and safety. * Pipeline operation engineers and management personnel will learn how to operate their pipeline systems in a cost effective manner. * Deepwater pipelining is a new technology developed in the past ten years and growing quickly.

Energy from Gas Hydrates Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

Energy from Gas Hydrates  Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada Book
Author : Council of Canadian Academies
Publisher : Council of CanadianAcademies
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1926558022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy from Gas Hydrates Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada book written by Council of Canadian Academies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : David S. Ginley,David Cahen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-11-30
ISBN : 1139502689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: • Renewable/non-renewable energy sources • Future transportation systems • Energy efficiency • Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations.

Oil and Gas Production Handbook An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production

Oil and Gas Production Handbook  An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production Book
Author : Havard Devold
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2013*
ISBN : 1105538648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Oil and Gas Production Handbook An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production book written by Havard Devold, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wax Deposition

Wax Deposition Book
Author : Zhenyu Huang,Sheng Zheng,H. Scott Fogler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-03-09
ISBN : 1466567678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wax Deposition: Experimental Characterizations, Theoretical Modeling, and Field Practices covers the entire spectrum of knowledge on wax deposition. The book delivers a detailed description of the thermodynamic and transport theories for wax deposition modeling as well as a comprehensive review of laboratory testing for the establishment of appropriate field control strategies. Offering valuable insight from academic research and the flow assurance industry, this balanced text: Discusses the background of wax deposition, including the cause of the phenomenon, the magnitude of the problem, and its impact on petroleum production Introduces laboratory techniques and theoretical models to measure and predict key parameters of wax precipitation, such as the wax appearance temperature and the wax precipitation curve Explains how to conduct and interpret laboratory experiments to benchmark different wax deposition models, to better understand wax deposition behaviors, and to predict wax deposit growth for the field Presents various models for wax deposition, analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of each and evaluating the differences between the assumptions used Provides numerous examples of how field management strategies for wax deposition can be established based on laboratory testing and modeling work Wax Deposition: Experimental Characterizations, Theoretical Modeling, and Field aids flow assurance engineers in identifying the severity and controlling the problem of wax deposition. The book also shows students and researchers how fundamental principles of thermodynamics, heat, and mass transfer can be applied to solve a problem common to the petroleum industry.

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas Book
Author : I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrates of Natural Gas book written by I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Flow Assurance Solids in Oil and Gas Production

Flow Assurance Solids in Oil and Gas Production Book
Author : Jon Steinar Gudmundsson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-13
ISBN : 1351733176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The precipitation and deposition of solids are a major challenge in the production of oil and gas. Flow assurance solids are formed because of unavoidable changes in temperature, pressure and composition of the oil-gas-water flowstream, from reservoir conditions to processing conditions. The advent of subsea production and the increased exploitation of heavy crudes have made flow assurance issues dominant in ensuring efficient and safe exploitation of hydrocarbon assets. Five troublesome flow assurance solids are described in the book: asphaltene, paraffin wax, natural gas hydrate, naphthenate and inorganic scale. These big-five solids are presented in stand-alone chapters. Each chapter is designed to be readable without clutter. Derivations of equations and descriptions of supporting details are given in several appendices. The book is intended for professional engineers and natural scientist working in E&P companies, engineering companies, service companies and specialized companies. An understanding of the big-five solids is required throughout the lifetime of oil and gas assets, from early development to abandonment. The technical, safety and environmental risks associated with deposition problems in near-wellbore formations, production tubing, wellhead equipment, flowlines and processing facilities, are relevant for decisions in the oil and gas industry and in outside regulatory and financial entities.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates Book
Author : John Carroll
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 0128223871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural Gas Hydrates, Fourth Edition, provides a critical reference for engineers who are new to the field. Covering the fundamental properties, thermodynamics and behavior of hydrates in multiphase systems, this reference explains the basics before advancing to more practical applications, the latest developments and models. Updated sections include a new hydrate toolbox, updated correlations and computer methods. Rounding out with new case study examples, this new edition gives engineers an important tool to continue to control and mitigate hydrates in a safe and effective manner. Presents an updated reference with structured comparisons on hydrate calculation methods that are supported by practical case studies and a current list of inhibitor patents Provides a comprehensive understanding of new hydrate management strategies, particularly for multiphase pipeline operations Covers future challenges, such as carbon sequestration with simultaneous production of methane from hydrates

Chemical Additives for Gas Hydrates

Chemical Additives for Gas Hydrates Book
Author : Bhajan Lal,Omar Nashed
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-01
ISBN : 3030307506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a straightforward, informative guide to the chemicals used for gas hydrate formation and inhibition, providing the reader with the latest information on the definition, structure, formation conditions, problems, and applications of gas hydrates. The authors review not only the inhibitors used to prevent or mitigate hydrate formation, but also the conditions under which it is necessary to form hydrates quickly, which require the use of promoters. Various promoters are discussed, including their specifications, functions, advantages and disadvantages. The possibility of using natural reservoirs of gas hydrate as an energy source is also considered. Lastly, due to the difficulty of conducting experiments that reflect all conditions and concentrations, the book presents a number of models that can predict the basic parameters in the presence of the chemicals. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to professionals working in this field in an industrial context, as well as to researchers, undergraduate and graduate students of chemical engineering.

Subsea Pipelines and Risers

Subsea Pipelines and Risers Book
Author : Yong Bai,Qiang Bai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-12-05
ISBN : 0080524192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

• Updated edition of a best-selling title • Author brings 25 years experience to the work • Addresses the key issues of economy and environment Marine pipelines for the transportation of oil and gas have become a safe and reliable way to exploit the valuable resources below the world’s seas and oceans. The design of these pipelines is a relatively new technology and continues to evolve in its quest to reduce costs and minimise the effect on the environment. With over 25years experience, Professor Yong Bai has been able to assimilate the essence of the applied mechanics aspects of offshore pipeline system design in a form of value to students and designers alike. It represents an excellent source of up to date practices and knowledge to help equip those who wish to be part of the exciting future of this industry.

Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates Book
Author : Carlo Giavarini,Keith Hester
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-06
ISBN : 9780857299567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gas hydrates are both a huge energy resource and an environmental challenge. They have a significant impact on society because of their applications to the future of energy, protection of the environment and fuel transportation. Gas Hydrates opens up this fascinating, multidisciplinary field to non-specialists. It provides a scientific study of gas hydrates that considers their potential as an energy source while assessing the possible risk to the environment. The authors also examine the feasibility of using these natural compounds for storing and transporting gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. Diagrams and photos are used throughout Gas Hydrates to help readers understand the scientific and technical content. Each section has been designed so it can be read independently by academics and professionals in the oil and gas industry, as well as by all those with an interest in how hydrates combine to be an energy resource, an industrial challange and a geological hazard.