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Natech Risk Assessment and Management

Natech Risk Assessment and Management Book
Author : Elisabeth Krausmann,Ernesto Salzano,Ana Maria Cruz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-12-01
ISBN : 9780128038079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations" covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic that includes definitions of terms, authors Krausmann, Cruz, and Salzano discuss various examples of international frameworks and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech Risk Management in the EU and OECD. There is a dedicated chapter on natural-hazard prediction and measurement from an engineering perspective, as well as a consideration of the impact of climate change on Natech risk. The authors also discuss selected Natech accidents, including recent examples, and provide specific lessons learned from each, as well as an analysis of all essential elements of Natech risk assessment, such as plant layout, substance hazards, and equipment vulnerability. The final section of the book is dedicated to the reduction of Natech risk, including structural and organizational prevention and mitigation measures, as well as early warning issues and emergency foreword planning. Teaches chemical engineers and safety managers how to safeguard chemical processing plants and pipelines against natural disastersIncludes international regulations and explains how to conduct a natural hazards risk assessment, both of which are supported by examples and case studiesDiscusses a broad range of hazards and the multidisciplinary aspects of risk assessment in a detailed and accessible style"

Natech Risk Assessment and Management

Natech Risk Assessment and Management Book
Author : Elisabeth Krausmann,Ana Maria Cruz,Ernesto Salzano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-01
ISBN : 0128038799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic that includes definitions of terms, authors Krausmann, Cruz, and Salzano discuss various examples of international frameworks and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech Risk Management in the EU and OECD. There is a dedicated chapter on natural-hazard prediction and measurement from an engineering perspective, as well as a consideration of the impact of climate change on Natech risk. The authors also discuss selected Natech accidents, including recent examples, and provide specific ‘lessons learned’ from each, as well as an analysis of all essential elements of Natech risk assessment, such as plant layout, substance hazards, and equipment vulnerability. The final section of the book is dedicated to the reduction of Natech risk, including structural and organizational prevention and mitigation measures, as well as early warning issues and emergency foreword planning. Teaches chemical engineers and safety managers how to safeguard chemical processing plants and pipelines against natural disasters Includes international regulations and explains how to conduct a natural hazards risk assessment, both of which are supported by examples and case studies Discusses a broad range of hazards and the multidisciplinary aspects of risk assessment in a detailed and accessible style

Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Book
Author : Muneta Yokomatsu,Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-02
ISBN : 9811543208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides insight on how disaster risk management can increase the resilience of society to various natural hazards. The multi-dimensionality of resilience and the various different perspectives in regards to disaster risk reduction are taken explicitly into account by providing studies and approaches on different scales and ranging from natural science based methods to social science frameworks. For all chapters, special emphasis is placed on implementation aspects and specifically in regards to the targets and priorities for action laid out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The chapters provide also a starting point for interested readers on specific issues of resilience and therefore include extensive reference material and important future directions for research.

Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2019

Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2019 Book
Author : United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2019-06-27
ISBN : 9210041801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) is the flagship report of the United Nations on worldwide efforts to reduce disaster risk. The GAR is published biennially by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), and is the product of the contributions of nations, public and private risk-related science and research, amongst others. The GAR contributes to achieving the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development through monitoring risk patterns and trends, as well as progress in disaster risk reduction, while providing strategic policy guidance to countries and the international community. The GAR aims to focus international attention on the issue of risk and encourage political and economic support for risk reduction.

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering Towards an Integrated Vision

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering  Towards an Integrated Vision Book
Author : Robby Caspeele,Luc Taerwe,Dan M. Frangopol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-31
ISBN : 1351857576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2018, the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2018), held in Ghent, Belgium, October 28-31, 2018. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB device with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 8 keynote lectures, and 390 technical papers from all over the world. Contributions relate to design, inspection, assessment, maintenance or optimization in the framework of life-cycle analysis of civil engineering structures and infrastructure systems. Life-cycle aspects that are developed and discussed range from structural safety and durability to sustainability, serviceability, robustness and resilience. Applications relate to buildings, bridges and viaducts, highways and runways, tunnels and underground structures, off-shore and marine structures, dams and hydraulic structures, prefabricated design, infrastructure systems, etc. During the IALCCE2018 conference a particular focus is put on the cross-fertilization between different sub-areas of expertise and the development of an overall vision for life-cycle analysis in civil engineering. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of cutting edge information for anyone interested in life-cycle analysis and assessment in civil engineering, including researchers, practising engineers, consultants, contractors, decision makers and representatives from local authorities.

Risk Analysis of Natural Hazards

Risk Analysis of Natural Hazards Book
Author : Paolo Gardoni,Colleen Murphy,Arden Rowell
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-17
ISBN : 3319221264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume investigates the interdisciplinary and cross-cutting challenges in the risk analysis of natural hazards. It brings together leading minds in engineering, science, philosophy, law, and the social sciences. Parts I and II of this volume explore risk assessment, first by providing an overview of the interdisciplinary interactions involved in the assessment of natural hazards, and then by exploring the particular impacts of climate change on natural hazard assessment. Part III discusses the theoretical frameworks for the evaluation of natural hazards. Finally, Parts IV and V address the risk management of natural hazards, providing first an overview of the interdisciplinary interactions underlying natural hazard management, and then exploring decision frameworks that can help decision makers integrate and respond to the complex relationships among natural events, the built environment, and human behavior.

Essentials for Health Protection

Essentials for Health Protection Book
Author : Emily Chan
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-12-20
ISBN : 0192572385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of health protection is to prevent and manage outbreaks of communicable and environmental diseases, and to make us better at responding to emergencies and disasters. This includes working with diseases and injuries from environmental hazard exposures and climate change. Essentials for Health Protection: Four Key Components is a guide to the reality of the field, and a discussion of how we can improve our present and future. Based on public health theories and illustrated by relevant examples, this book is founded on the experience gained from the long-established CCOUC Ethnic Minority Health Project in China. It covers the four key areas identified by the Commonwealth Secretariat in its 'Health Protection Policy Toolkit'; climate change adaptation and mitigation, communicable disease control, emergency preparedness, and environmental health. With the aim to strengthen regional, subnational, national and global health protection, it also looks at health impact assessment in these areas. Discussing the health protection spectrum from mitigation, interventions and response, this book is a current and comprehensive guide to the field. Looking forwards, it discusses the latest controversies and dynamics and how they might change the reality of health protection practices and development. Essentials for Health Protection: Four Key Components is the ideal introductory to intermediate level textbook and reference book for healthcare professionals, fieldworkers, volunteers and students who are interested in promoting health and emergency and disaster risk reduction.

Risk Analysis VIII

Risk Analysis VIII Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2012-09-01
ISBN : 1845646207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprised of the papers presented at the eighth, and latest, International Conference Simulation in Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation, this book covers a topic of increasing importance. Scientific knowledge is essential to our better understanding of risk. Natural hazards such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, fires and others, have always affected human societies. Man-made hazards, however, played a comparatively small role until the industrial revolution when the risk of catastrophic events started to increase due to the rapid growth of new technologies and the urbanisation of populations. The interaction of natural and anthropogenic risks adds to the complexity of the problem.Due to advances in computational methods and the ability to model systems more precisely we can now quantify hazards, simulate their effects and calculate risk with greater accuracy, enabling us to manage risk much more effectively. These developments are particularly relevant to environmental issues, where substantial risks are involved. Governments, and their publics, now place a high priority on effective risk management and the mitigation of possible hazards. Covering topics such as: Estimation of Risk; Risk Management; Vulnerability; Geomorphologic Risk; Network Systems; Climate Change Risks; Hazard Prevention; Management and Control; Security and Public Safety; Transportation Safety; Safe Ship Operations; Early Warning Systems; Food Safety; Risk Perception; Natural Hazards; Technological Risk, the book will be of interest to planners, emergency managers, environmentalists, engineers, policy makers and other government officials, researchers and academics involved in the field of risk and disaster management.

Risk Governance

Risk Governance Book
Author : Urbano Fra.Paleo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-19
ISBN : 940179328X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the common language of politics, ecology and risk, and crosses their conceptual divides. It seeks to shed light on the underlying structural factors, processes, players and interactions in the risk scenario, all of which influence decision-making that both increases and reduces disaster risk. The first section explores risk governance under conditions of increasing complexity, diversity and change. The discussion includes chapters on The problem of governance in the risk society; Making sense of decentralization; Understanding and conceptualizing risk in large-scale social-ecological systems; The disaster epidemic and Structure, process, and agency in the evaluation of risk governance. Part II, focused on governance in regions and domains of risk, includes nine chapters with discussion of Climate governance and climate change and society; Climate change and the politics of uncertainty; Risk complexity and governance in mountain environments; On the edge: Coastal governance and risk and Governance of megacity disaster risks, among other important topics. Part III discusses directions for further advancement in risk governance, with ten chapters on such topics as the transition From risk society to security society; Governing risk tolerability; Risk and adaptive planning for coastal cities; Profiling risk governance in natural hazards contexts; Confronting the risk of large disasters in nature and Transitions into and out of a crisis mode of socio-ecological systems. The book presents a comprehensive examination of the complexity of both risk and environmental policy-making and of their multiple—and not always visible—interactions in the context of social–ecological systems. Just as important, it also addresses unseen and neglected complementarities between regulatory policy-making and ordinary individual decision-making through the actions of nongovernmental actors. A range of distinguished scholars from a diverse set of disciplines have contributed to the book with their expertise in many areas, including disaster studies, emergency planning and management, ecology, sustainability, environmental planning and management, climate change, geography, spatial planning, development studies, economy, political sciences, public administration, communication, as well as physics and geology.

The Crisis Management Cycle

The Crisis Management Cycle Book
Author : Christer Pursiainen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1317243234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Crisis Management Cycle is the first holistic, multidisciplinary introduction to the dynamic field of crisis management theory and practice. By drawing together the different theories and concepts of crisis management literature and practice, this book develops a theoretical framework of analysis that can be used by both students and practitioners alike. Each stage of the crisis cycle is explored in turn: Risk assessment Prevention Preparedness Response Recovery Learning Stretching across disciplines as diverse as safety studies, business studies, security studies, political science and behavioural science, The Crisis Management Cycle provides a robust grounding in crisis management that will be invaluable to both students and practitioners worldwide.

Safety Reliability and Risk Analysis

Safety  Reliability and Risk Analysis Book
Author : R.D.J.M. Steenbergen,P.H.A.J.M. van Gelder,S. Miraglia,A.C.W.M. Vrouwenvelder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-09-18
ISBN : 1315815591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last decade there have been increasing societal concerns over sustainable developments focusing on the conservation of the environment, the welfare and safety of the individual and at the same time the optimal allocation of available natural and financial resources. As a consequence the methods of risk and reliability analysis are becomi

Economic Consequence Analysis of Disasters

Economic Consequence Analysis of Disasters Book
Author : Adam Rose,Fynnwin Prager,Zhenhua Chen,Samrat Chatterjee,Dan Wei,Nathaniel Heatwole,Eric Warren
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-13
ISBN : 9811025673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study develops a methodology for rapidly obtaining approximate estimates of the economic consequences from numerous natural, man-made and technological threats. This software tool is intended for use by various decision makers and analysts to obtain estimates rapidly. It is programmed in Excel and Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) to facilitate its use. This tool is called E-CAT (Economic Consequence Analysis Tool) and accounts for the cumulative direct and indirect impacts (including resilience and behavioral factors that significantly affect base estimates) on the U.S. economy. E-CAT is intended to be a major step toward advancing the current state of economic consequence analysis (ECA) and also contributing to and developing interest in further research into complex but rapid turnaround approaches. The essence of the methodology involves running numerous simulations in a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model for each threat, yielding synthetic data for the estimation of a single regression equation based on the identification of key explanatory variables (threat characteristics and background conditions). This transforms the results of a complex model, which is beyond the reach of most users, into a "reduced form" model that is readily comprehensible. Functionality has been built into E-CAT so that its users can switch various consequence categories on and off in order to create customized profiles of economic consequences of numerous risk events. E-CAT incorporates uncertainty on both the input and output side in the course of the analysis.

Disaster Risk Communication

Disaster Risk Communication Book
Author : Katsuya Yamori
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-16
ISBN : 9811323186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a unique blend of integrated disaster risk communication research conducted by authors with diverse backgrounds, including social psychology, sociology, civil engineering, informatics, and meteorology. It reports on the latest advances in collaborative and participatory action research on community-based disaster management from the frontline in Japan, Nepal, China and the USA. In addition, it employs and integrate a broad range of methodologies, including mathematical analyses, computer simulations, questionnaire surveys, gaming approaches, and participatory observation. Each chapter deals with disaster risk communication initiatives to address various hazards, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and landslides, which are uniquely integrated from a social psychological perspective.

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-29
ISBN : 3030612783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience book written by Saeid Eslamian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Valerio Cozzani,Elisabeth Krausmann,Genserik Reniers
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 012808247X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Blast waves, fires and fragment projection are by far the most common causes of escalation leading to domino accidents. The present chapter deals with less-frequent and more controversial domino scenarios: domino events due to indirect escalation and external events. Indirect causes of escalation, even if not frequent, may be extremely important since they are likely to be overlooked, in particular in complex industrial clusters. External hazard factors can also cause severe domino accidents. Natural events or intentional malicious acts of interference can escalate to cause severe domino events. The present chapter focuses on these particular causes of escalations, aiming to provide an approach for the assessment of these specific domino scenarios.

Defining and Measuring Economic Resilience from a Societal Environmental and Security Perspective

Defining and Measuring Economic Resilience from a Societal  Environmental and Security Perspective Book
Author : Adam Rose
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-03
ISBN : 9811015333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents an economic framework for the analysis of resilience in relation to societal, environmental, and personal security perspectives. It offers a rigorous definition of economic resilience and an operational metric, and it shows how they can be applied to measuring and applying the concept to private and public decision making. Major dimensions of resilience and their implications for human development are explored. Resilience is emphasized as a coping mechanism for dealing with short-term crises, such as natural disasters and acts of terrorism. As well, the author shows how lessons learned in the short-run out of necessity and through the application of human ingenuity can be incorporated into long-run sustainability practices. In part, this opportunity stems from viewing resilience as a process, one that enhances individual and societal competencies. The book links economic resilience to several other disciplines and examines the relationship between resilience and various other key concepts such as vulnerability, adaptation, and sustainability. It scrutinizes the measurement of economic resilience in terms of temporal, spatial, and scale dimensions. It examines the time-path of resilience and relates it to the recovery process.This work also looks closely at progress on the formulation of resilience indices and stresses the importance of actionable variables. It presents a risk-management framework, including aspects of cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis. Additionally, it explores the role of resilience in relation to the co-benefits of disaster risk management.

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action Book
Author : Roberto C. Parra,Sara C. Zapico,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-28
ISBN : 1119481945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Widens traditional concepts of forensic science to include humanitarian, social, and cultural aspects Using the preservation of the dignity of the deceased as its foundation, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the Dead and the Living is a unique examination of the applications of humanitarian forensic science. Spanning two comprehensive volumes, the text is sufficiently detailed for forensic practitioners, yet accessible enough for non-specialists, and discusses both the latest technologies and real-world interactions. Arranged into five sections, this book addresses the ‘management of the dead’ across five major areas in humanitarian forensic science. Volume One presents the first three of these areas: History, Theory, Practice, and Legal Foundation; Basic Forensic Information to Trace Missing Persons; and Stable Isotopes Forensics. Topics covered include: Protection of The Missing and the Dead Under International Law Social, Cultural and Religious Factors in Humanitarian Forensic Science Posthumous Dignity and the Importance in Returning Remains of the Deceased The New Disappeared – Migration and Forensic Science Stable Isotope Analysis in Forensic Anthropology Volume Two covers two further areas of interest: DNA Analysis and the Forensic Identification Process. It concludes with a comprehensive set of case studies focused on identifying the deceased, and finding missing persons from around the globe, including: Forensic Human Identification from an Australian Perspective Skeletal Remains and Identification Processing at the FBI Migrant Deaths along the Texas/Mexico Border Humanitarian Work in Cyprus by The Committee on Missing Persons (CMP) Volcán De Fuego Eruption – Natural Disaster Response from Guatemala Drawing upon a wide range of contributions from respected academics working in the field, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action is a unique reference for forensic practitioners, communities of humanitarian workers, human rights defenders, and government and non-governmental officials.

Decision Making Improvement for Disaster Risk Management DRM Through Technological Support

Decision Making Improvement for Disaster Risk Management  DRM  Through Technological Support Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789276146650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The workshop "Decision Making Improvement for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) through technological support" was held in Bucharest, Romania on 16th of October 2019, part of the 4th DRMKC Annual Seminar. The key objective of the session was to increase the collaboration with national/regional/local authorities and other institutions, aligning the development of the tools to the needs and concerns expressed at local/national level. To accomplish its objective, the workshop brought together technical and scientific experts with end users of the platforms, who have faced the main challenges related to data, knowledge and institutional practices while offering technological support for DRM. Showcases and feedback from national authorities and institutions were presented, as they were experienced when using the platforms presented in the session: the DRMKC Risk Data Hub, GRRASP and RAPID-N. The session was divided in two parts, in the first it was presented the general characteristics and functionalities of the platforms, followed in the second part by showcases of using these platforms in various applications by the local authorities and institutions.

Reliability Engineering

Reliability Engineering Book
Author : Elsayed A. Elsayed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 1119665892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Get a firm handle on the engineering reliability process with this insightful and complete resource The newly and thoroughly revised 3rd Edition of Reliability Engineering delivers a comprehensive and insightful analysis of this crucial field. Accomplished author, professor, and engineer, Elsayed. A. Elsayed includes new examples and end-of-chapter problems to illustrate concepts, new chapters on resilience and the physics of failure, revised chapters on reliability and hazard functions, and more case studies illustrating the approaches and methodologies described within. The book combines analyses of system reliability estimation for time independent and time dependent models with the construction of the likelihood function and its use in estimating the parameters of failure time distribution. It concludes by addressing the physics of failures, mechanical reliability, and system resilience, along with an explanation of how to ensure reliability objectives by providing preventive and scheduled maintenance and warranty policies. This new edition of Reliability Engineering covers a wide range of topics, including: Reliability and hazard functions, like the Weibull Model, the Exponential Model, the Gamma Model, and the Log-Logistic Model, among others System reliability evaluations, including parallel-series, series-parallel, and mixed parallel systems The concepts of time- and failure-dependent reliability within both repairable and non-repairable systems Parametric reliability models, including types of censoring, and the Exponential, Weibull, Lognormal, Gamma, Extreme Value, Half-Logistic, and Rayleigh Distributions Perfect for first-year graduate students in industrial and systems engineering, Reliability Engineering, 3rd Edition also belongs on the bookshelves of practicing professionals in research laboratories and defense industries. The book offers a practical and approachable treatment of a complex area, combining the most crucial foundational knowledge with necessary and advanced topics.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book
Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 0444543244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed