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Nanotechnology In Eco Efficient Construction

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Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Maria Vittoria Diamanti,Ali Nazari,Claes Goran-Granqvist,Alina Pruna,Serji Amirkhanian
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 0081026420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering the latest technologies, Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. The book contains a special focus on applications concerning concrete and cement, as nanotechnology is driving significant development in concrete technologies. The new edition has 14 new chapters, including 3 new parts: Mortars and concrete related applications; Applications for pavements and other structural materials; and Toxicity, safety handling and environmental impacts. Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials, as well as researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry will find this updated reference to be highly valuable. Addresses issues such as toxicity and LCA aspects New chapters covering safety handling on occupational exposure of nanoparticles and the assessment of personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials Discusses the effects of adding nano-particles on the durability and on the properties of geopolymers

Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781781545652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Luisa F. Cabeza,Joao Labrincha,Aldo Giuntini de Magalhaes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857097725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Eco efficient concrete

Eco efficient concrete Book
Author : M.S. Konsta-Gdoutos
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-02-04
ISBN : 0128089105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the development of a materials science approach with an application to nanotechnology to optimize the processing and micro/nanoscale structure of cement-based materials reinforced with nanosized fibers and carbon nanotubes. The dispersion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) for use in cementitious composites and specifically the effect of ultrasonication energy are discussed in detail. The nanomechanical properties of the CNT/ CNF cementitious nanocomposites are examined through nanoindentation experiments. Additionally, the excellent reinforcing ability of both the MWCNTs and CNFs is demonstrated. Finally, the effect of the addition of silica nanoparticles on the degradation by calcium leaching is discussed and explained.

Construction 4 0

Construction 4 0 Book
Author : Marco Casini
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-12-01
ISBN : 0128218037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the advent of digitalization, innovative technologies and materials, and new construction techniques have begun transforming the way that infrastructure, real estate, and other built assets can be designed, constructed, and operated in order to create a more attractive, energy-efficient, comfortable, affordable, safe, and sustainable built environment. Developments in materials and cutting-edge technologies (such as artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and biotechnology) have finally started to move the construction towards a new era. Massive changes are occurring as a result of the possibilities created by big data and the Internet of Things, along with the technological advances that are driving down the cost of sensors, data storage, and computer services. Construction 4.0: Advanced Technology, Tools and Materials for the Digital Transformation of the Construction Industry presents a thorough review of developments in materials, emerging trends, cutting-edge technologies, and strategies in the fields of smart building design, construction, and operation, providing the reader with a comprehensive guideline on how to exploit the new possibilities offered by the digital revolution. It will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, material scientists, and civil engineers, undergraduate and graduate students, and other professionals working in the fields of smart eco-efficient construction and cutting-edge technologies applied to construction. Features discussions on how nanomaterials, bio-based materials, and recycled materials are applied in the construction of buildings Analyzes the lifecycle of materials, buildings and design and construction operations Covers new methodologies and construction processes Provides case studies on cutting-edge digital technology such as AI and machine learning Examines all aspects of sustainability, including end-of-life of buildings

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-31
ISBN : 9780857298928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering Mechanics and Computation

Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering  Mechanics and Computation Book
Author : Alphose Zingoni
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 1317280628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation comprises 360 papers that were presented at the Sixth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2016, Cape Town, South Africa, 5-7 September 2016). The papers reflect the broad scope of the SEMC conferences, and cover a wide range of engineering structures (buildings, bridges, towers, roofs, foundations, offshore structures, tunnels, dams, vessels, vehicles and machinery) and engineering materials (steel, aluminium, concrete, masonry, timber, glass, polymers, composites, laminates, smart materials). Some contributions present the latest insights and new understanding on (i) the mechanics of structures and systems (dynamics, vibration, seismic response, instability, buckling, soil-structure interaction), and (ii) the mechanics of materials and fluids (elasticity, plasticity, fluid-structure interaction, flow through porous media, biomechanics, fracture, fatigue, bond, creep, shrinkage). Other contributions report on (iii) recent advances in computational modelling and testing (numerical simulations, finite-element modeling, experimental testing), and (iv) developments and innovations in structural engineering (planning, analysis, design, construction, assembly, maintenance, repair and retrofitting of structures). Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation is particularly of interest to civil, structural, mechanical, marine and aerospace engineers. Researchers, developers, practitioners and academics in these disciplines will find the content useful. Short versions of the papers, intended to be concise but self-contained summaries of the full papers, are collected in the book, while the full versions of the papers are on the accompanying CD.

Recent Trends in Cold Formed Steel Construction

Recent Trends in Cold Formed Steel Construction Book
Author : Cheng Yu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-27
ISBN : 0081001576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Trends in Cold-Formed Steel Construction discusses advancements in an area that has become an important construction material for buildings. The book addresses cutting-edge new technologies and design methods using cold-formed steel as a main structural material, and provides technical guidance on how to design and build sustainable and energy-efficient cold-formed steel buildings. Part One of the book introduces the codes, specifications, and design methods for cold-formed steel structures, while Part Two provides computational analysis of cold-formed steel structures. Part Three examines the structural performance of cold-formed steel buildings and reviews the thermal performance, acoustic performance, fire protection, floor vibrations, and blast resistance of these buildings, with a final section reviewing innovation and sustainability in cold-formed steel construction. Addresses building sciences issues and provides performance solutions for cold-formed buildings Provides guidance for using the next generation design method, computational tools, and technologies Edited by an experienced researcher and educator with significant knowledge on new developments in cold-formed steel construction

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Book
Author : Kent A. Harries,Bhavna Sharma
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 0081000553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive repository of information on materials science and the modern structural engineering application of ancient, vernacular, and nonconventional building materials, with leading experts contributing chapters that focus on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Opening with a historic retrospective of nonconventional materials, Part One includes a review of vernacular construction and a discussion of the future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research and applications. Chapters in Part Two focus on natural fibers, including their application in cementitious composites, non-cementitious composites, and strawbale construction. In Part Three, chapters cover the use of industrial by-products and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete, and construction using soil-cement blocks, clay-based materials, adobe and earthen materials, and ancient stone masonry. Timber, bamboo, and paper construction materials are investigated in the final section of the book. Provides a state-of-the-art review of the modern use and engineering of nonconventional building materials Contains chapters that focus on individual construction materials and address both material characterization and structural applications Covers sustainable engineering and the trend towards engineering for humanity

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction Book
Author : George C. Wang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 0081003978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Utilization of Slag in Civil Infrastructure Construction strives to integrate the theory, research, and practice of slag utilization, including the production and processing of slags. The topics covered include: production and smelting processes for metals; chemical and physical properties of slags; pretreatment and post-treatment technology to enhance slag properties; potential environmental impact; mechanisms of potential expansion; special testing methods and characteristics; slag processing for aggregate and cementitious applications; suitability of slags for use in specific applications; overall properties of materials containing slags; and commercialization and economics. The focus of the book is on slag utilization technology, with a review of the basic properties and an exploration of how its use in the end product will be technically sound, environment-friendly, and economic. Covers the production, processing, and utilization of a broad range of ferrous, non-ferrous, and non-metallurgical slags Provides information on applicable methods for a particular slag and its utilization to reduce potential environmental impacts and promote natural resource sustainability Presents the overall technology of transferring a slag from the waste stream into a useful materials resource Provides a detailed review of the appropriate utilization of each slag from processing right through to aggregate and cementitious use requirements

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Marina Mistretta,Artūras Kaklauskas,Claes G. Granqvist,Luisa F. Cabeza
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1447155238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on 19 May 2010. For new buildings, the recast fixes 2020 as the deadline for all new buildings to be “nearly zero energy” (and even sooner for public buildings – by the end of 2018). This book gives practitioner an important tool to tackle the challenges of building refurbishment towards nearly zero energy. This book is welcome at this time and sets the scene for professionals whether practitioners or researchers to learn more about how we can make whether old or new buildings more efficient and effective in terms of energy performance.

Nanotoxicity

Nanotoxicity Book
Author : Susai Rajendran,Anita Mukherjee,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Chandraiah Godugu,Ritesh K. Shukla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-09
ISBN : 012819944X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotoxicity: Prevention, and Antibacterial Applications of Nanomaterials focuses on the fundamental concepts for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of nanomaterials. It sheds more light on the underlying phenomena and fundamental mechanisms through which nanomaterials interact with organisms and physiological media. The book provides good guidance for toxic prevention methods and management in the manufacture/application/disposal. The book also discusses the potential applications of nanomaterials-based antibiotics. The potential toxic effects of nanomaterials result not only from the type of base materials, but also from their size/ ligands/surface chemical modifications. This book discusses why different classes of nanomaterials display toxic properties, and what can be done to mitigate this toxicity. It also explores how nanomaterials are being used as antimicrobial agents, being used to purify air and water, and counteract a range of infectious diseases. This is an important reference for materials scientists, environmental scientists and biomedical scientists, who are seeking to gain a greater understanding of how nanomaterials can be used to combat toxic agents, and how the toxicity of nanomaterials themselves can best be mitigated. Explains the underlying phenomena and fundamental mechanisms through which nanomaterials interact with organisms and physiological media Outlines major methods for mitigating and prevention of nanotoxicity Discusses the applications of nanomaterials-based antibiotics

Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures Book
Author : Mark Alexander
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0081000847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 0128131969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair

Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair Book
Author : Yail Jimmy Kim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-16
ISBN : 0857097016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced composite materials for bridge structures are recognized as a promising alternative to conventional construction materials such as steel. After an introductory overview and an assessment of the characteristics of bonds between composites and quasi-brittle structures, Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair reviews the use of advanced composites in the design and construction of bridges, including damage identification and the use of large rupture strain fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. The second part of the book presents key applications of FRP composites in bridge construction and repair, including the use of all-composite superstructures for accelerated bridge construction, engineered cementitious composites for bridge decks, carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composites for cable-stayed bridges and for repair of deteriorated bridge substructures, and finally the use of FRP composites in the sustainable replacement of ageing bridge superstructures. Advanced Composites in Bridge Construction and Repair is a technical guide for engineering professionals requiring an understanding of the use of composite materials in bridge construction. Reviews key applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in bridge construction and repair Summarizes key recent research in the suitability of advanced composite materials for bridge structures as an alternative to conventional construction materials

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency Book
Author : F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-04
ISBN : 3319275054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.

Bio based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco efficient Construction

Bio based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco efficient Construction Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C.W. Tsang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-13
ISBN : 0128223812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals. Focuses on sustainability and green concepts in construction Discusses recent trends on bio-based materials and biotechnologies for eco-efficient construction Covers many important aspects, including infrastructure applications, energy efficiency for building construction, and air, water and soil related problems

Expanding Boundaries Systems Thinking in the Built Environment

Expanding Boundaries  Systems Thinking in the Built Environment Book
Author : Guillaume Habert,Arno Schlueter
Publisher : vdf Hochschulverlag AG
Release : 2016-08-15
ISBN : 372813774X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Consuming over 40% of total primary energy, the built environment is in the centre of worldwide strategies and measures towards a more sustainable future. To provide resilient solutions, a simple optimisation of individual technologies will not be sufficient. In contrast, whole system thinking reveals and exploits connections between parts. Each system interacts with others on different scales (materials, components, buildings, cities) and domains (ecology, economy and social). Whole-system designers optimize the performance of such systems by understanding interconnections and identifying synergies. The more complete the design integration, the better the result. In this book, the reader will find the proceedings of the 2016 Sustainable Built Environment (SBE) Regional Conference in Zurich. Papers have been written by academics and practitioners from all continents to bring forth the latest understanding on systems thinking in the built environment.

The ELSI Handbook of Nanotechnology

The ELSI Handbook of Nanotechnology Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 1119592968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook focuses on the recent advancements in Safety, Risk, Ethical Society and Legal Implications (ESLI) as well as its commercialization of nanotechnology, such as manufacturing. Nano is moving out of its relaxation phase of scientific route, and as new products go to market, organizations all over the world, as well as the general public, are discussing the environmental and health issues associated with nanotechnology. Nongovernmental science organizations have long since reacted; however, now the social sciences have begun to study the cultural portent of nanotechnology. Societal concerns and their newly constructed concepts, show nanoscience interconnected with the economy, ecology, health, and governance. This handbook addresses these new challenges and is divided into 7 sections: Nanomaterials and the Environment; Life Cycle Environmental Implications of Nanomanufacturing; Bioavailability and Toxicity of Manufactured Nanoparticles in Terrestrial Environments; Occupational Health Hazards of Nanoparticles; Ethical Issues in Nanotechnology; Commercialization of Nanotechnology; Legalization of Nanotechnology.

Acoustic Emission and Related Non destructive Evaluation Techniques in the Fracture Mechanics of Concrete

Acoustic Emission and Related Non destructive Evaluation Techniques in the Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Book
Author : Masayasu Ohtsu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-03-28
ISBN : 1782423451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of NDT (non-destructive testing) techniques used for the inspection of concrete structures is currently in high demand, because many existing structures have become aged and deteriorated in service. In order to formulate predictions on their stability and to estimate their safety, it is necessary to identify damage signals and to determine their causes. In this regard, the development and establishment of innovative and highly advanced non-destructive methods are required. Acoustic Emission (AE) and related NDE (non-destructive evaluation) techniques have been extensively used to determine crack detection and damage evaluation in concrete. With the move towards a more sustainable society, and the need to extend the long-term service life of infrastructure and aging and disastrous damage due to recent earthquakes, Acoustic Emission (AE) and Related Non-destructive Evaluation (NDE) Techniques in the Fracture Mechanics of Concrete: Fundamentals and Applications is a critical reference source for civil engineers, contractors working in construction and materials scientists working both in industry and academia. Presents innovative Acoustic Emission (AE) and related non-destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques, used for damage detection and inspection of aged and deteriorated concrete structures Contributions from recognized world-leaders in the application of acoustic emission (AE) and NDE techniques used for the damage assessment of concrete and concrete structures With the move towards a more sustainable society, and the need to extend the long-term service life of infrastructure and damage due to recent earthquakes, this book is of critical importance An essential knowledge resource for civil engineers, contractors working in construction and materials scientists working both in industry and academia