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Nanotechnology And Photocatalysis For Environmental Applications

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Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Muhammad Rafique,Muhammad Shahid Rafique
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-17
ISBN : 012821192X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications focuses on nanostructured control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of semiconductor-based nanostructures. The book offers future guidelines for designing new semiconductor-based photocatalysts, with low cost and high efficiency, for a range of products aimed at environmental protection. The book covers the fundamentals of nanotechnology, the synthesis of nanotechnology, and the use of metal oxide, metal sulfide, and carbon-based nanomaterials in photocatalysis. The book also discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale. The book then explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification. The final chapter considers the recent advances in the field and outlines future perspectives on the technology. This is an important reference for materials scientists, chemical engineers, energy scientists, and anyone looking to understand more about the photocatalytic potential of nanomaterials, and their possible environmental applications. Explains why the properties of semiconductor-based nanomaterials make them particularly good for environmental applications Explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification Discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale

Nanophotocatalysis and Environmental Applications

Nanophotocatalysis and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Inamuddin,Gaurav Sharma,Amit Kumar,Eric Lichtfouse,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-14
ISBN : 3030106098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves the environmentalists to track the development of photocatalytic materials and technology in the present context and to explore future trends. Photocatalysis is the most influential greener technology being researched, developed and adopted for the treatment of wastewater. The technological advancements in the area of smart hybrid photocatalytic materials have gained momentum in the present era. The rational designing of photocatalytic materials with a multi-pronged approach opens a new chapter for environmental detoxification. Other important aspects relate to the transfer of this nanostructured photocatalytic technology to real backdrops. Harnessing natural solar energy for energy and environmental roles is another crucial criterion in designing photocatalysts.

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Muhammad Rafique,Muhammad Shahid Rafique
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-14
ISBN : 0128211970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications focuses on nanostructured control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of semiconductor-based nanostructures. The book offers future guidelines for designing new semiconductor-based photocatalysts, with low cost and high efficiency, for a range of products aimed at environmental protection. The book covers the fundamentals of nanotechnology, the synthesis of nanotechnology, and the use of metal oxide, metal sulfide, and carbon-based nanomaterials in photocatalysis. The book also discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale. The book then explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification. The final chapter considers the recent advances in the field and outlines future perspectives on the technology. This is an important reference for materials scientists, chemical engineers, energy scientists, and anyone looking to understand more about the photocatalytic potential of nanomaterials, and their possible environmental applications. Explains why the properties of semiconductor-based nanomaterials make them particularly good for environmental applications Explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification Discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale

Nanocatalysts in Environmental Applications

Nanocatalysts in Environmental Applications Book
Author : Samira Bagheri,Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-09
ISBN : 3319695576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a range of nanocatalysts, together with their primary environmental applications and use in chemical production processes. In addition, it describes the nanomaterials used for catalysts and details their performance. The book introduces readers to the fundamentals and applications of nanocatalysis, synthesis, characterization, modification and application. Further topics include: landfill organic pollutant photodegradation; magnetic photocatalysis; synergistic effects on hydrogenated TiO2; and photoinduced fusion of gold-semiconductor nanoparticles. A detailed explanation of the chemistry of nanostructures and the ability to control materials at the nano-scale rounds out the coverage. Given the central importance of research in nanotechnology and nanoscience for the development of new catalysts, the book offers a valuable source of information for researchers and academics alike. It will also benefit industrial engineers and production managers who wish to understand the environmental impact of nanocatalysts.

Nanostructured Catalysts for Environmental Applications

Nanostructured Catalysts for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Marco Piumetti,Samir Bensaid
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 303058934X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an overview of the recent studies and advances in environmental catalysis by nanomaterials, considering both the fundamental and the technological aspects. It offers contributions in different areas of environmental catalysis, including the catalytic and photocatalytic abatement of environmentally hazardous effluents from stationary or mobile sources, the valorization of waste and the production of sustainable energy. In other words, this monograph provides an overview of modern environmental and energy related applications with a particular emphasis to nano-sized catalytic materials. Recent concepts, experimental data and advanced theories are reported in this book to give evidence of the environmental and sustainable applications that can be found in the highly interdisciplinary field of catalysis. Illustrates how environmental catalysis is a promising opportunity for a sustainable development Covers the seminal and most recent studies concerning the environmental catalysis by nanostructured catalysts Presents an overview of both the fundamental and the technological aspects of environmental catalysis .

Nanomaterials and Photocatalysis in Chemistry

Nanomaterials and Photocatalysis in Chemistry Book
Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Khalid Nadeem Riaz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-03-05
ISBN : 9789811606458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book demonstrates the basic and fundamental aspects of nanotechnology and potential application as a photocatalysis in multiple application especially in environment and energy harvesting. This book also contains methods of preparation and characterization of unique nanostructured photocatalysts, and details about their catalytic action. The book consists of seven chapters, including the principles and fundamentals of heterogeneous photocatalysis; the mechanisms and dynamics of surface photocatalysis; research on pure and composites based materials with unique nanostructures; the latest developments and advances in exploiting photocatalyst alternatives to WO3; and photocatalytic materials for applications other than the traditional degradation of pollutants, such as carbon dioxide reduction, water oxidation, a complete spectrum of selective organic transformations and water splitting by photocatalytic reduction. This book will appeal to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers and it can also be used in the classroom for undergraduate and graduate students focusing on heterogeneous photocatalysis, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, nanotechnology, chemical engineering, environmental protection, optoelectronics, sensors, and surface and interface science.

Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications and their Fascinating Attributes

Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications and their Fascinating Attributes Book
Author : S. B. Khan
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2018-08-07
ISBN : 168108645X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has brought about new applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supra molecular chemistry. Environmental pollution treatment by nanomaterials is an emerging application of nanotechnology. It is gaining importance because of the increased environmental challenges due to the impact of modern industrial activities. Industrial activity involves the production and use of various toxic organic and inorganic chemicals which pollute nearby water streams, indirectly influencing aquatic and human life. Thus, there is a need to protect the environment through the development of new technologies and by enacting awareness drives for environmental sustainability. This volume summarizes cutting-edge research on nanomaterial utilization for environmental challenges. Chapters introduce readers to the concepts of environmental protection, sustainability and monitoring. Readers will also learn about technologies used for keeping the environment safer, including ion exchangers, metallic oxide complexes, nanocomposite materials, porous membranes and nanocatalysts. This volume is intended to be an introductory reference for students and researchers undertaking advanced courses in materials science, environmental science and engineering, giving readers a glimpse into the fascinating world of nanotechnology.

Chalcogenide Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts

Chalcogenide Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts Book
Author : Mohammad Mansoob Khan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-15
ISBN : 0128209178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide-Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts deals with the different types of chalcogenide-based photocatalytic reactions, covering the fundamental concepts of photocatalytic reactions involving chalcogenides for a range of energy and environmental applications. Sections focus on nanostructure control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of chalcogenide-based nanomaterials. The book offers guidelines for designing new chalcogenide-based nanoscale photocatalysts at low cost and high efficiency for efficient utilization of solar energy in the areas of energy production and environment remediation. Provides information on the development of novel chalcogenide-based nanomaterials Outlines the fundamentals of chalcogenides-based photocatalysis Includes techniques for heterogeneous catalysis based on chalcogenide-based nanomaterials

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology Book
Author : M. H. Fulekar,Bhawana Pathak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-30
ISBN : 1498726259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental nanotechnology is considered to play a key role in shaping of current environmental engineering and science practices. This book titled "Environmental Nanotechnology" covers the advanced materials, devices, and system development for use in the environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding their chemistry and characterization using techniques like X- Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), high resolution-TEM, etc is included. It also highlights the scope for their applications in environmental protection, environmental remediation and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring and assessment. Key Features: Covers basic to advanced Nano-based materials, their synthesis, development, characterization and applications and all the updated information related to environmental nanotechnology. Discusses implications of nanomaterials on the environment and applications of nanotechnology to protect the environment. Illustrates specific topics such as ethics of nanotechnology development, Nano-biotechnology, and application in wastewater technology. Includes applications of nanomaterials for combating global climate change and carbon sequestration. Gives examples of field applications of environmental nanotechnology. This book covers advanced materials, devices, and system developments for use in environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding its chemistry and characterization by the use of X-Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and high resolution-TEM give the scope for their application in environmental protection, environmental remediation, and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring, and assessment. The green chemistry based on nano-based materials prevents pollution and controls environmental contaminants.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Juan Carlos Colmenares,Yi-Jun Xu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-24
ISBN : 3662487195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explains the principles and fundamentals of photocatalysis and highlights the current developments and future potential of the green-chemistry-oriented applications of various inorganic, organic, and hybrid photocatalysts. The book consists of eleven chapters, including the principles and fundamentals of heterogeneous photocatalysis; the mechanisms and dynamics of surface photocatalysis; research on TiO2-based composites with unique nanostructures; the latest developments and advances in exploiting photocatalyst alternatives to TiO2; and photocatalytic materials for applications other than the traditional degradation of pollutants, such as carbon dioxide reduction, water oxidation, a complete spectrum of selective organic transformations and water splitting by photocatalytic reduction. In addition, heterogeneized polyoxometalate materials for photocatalytic purposes and the proper design of photocatalytic reactors and modeling of light are also discussed. This book appeals to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers and it can also be used in the classroom for undergraduate and graduate students focusing on heterogeneous photocatalysis, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, nanotechnology, chemical engineering, environmental protection, optoelectronics, sensors, and surface and interface science. Juan Carlos Colmenares is a Professor at the Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland. Yi-Jun Xu is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, China.

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection Book
Author : Boris I. Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,H. V. Rasika Dias
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-27
ISBN : 1118845544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is divided into four main sections thoroughly analyzing the use of nanomaterials for water, air and soil solutions, and emphasizing environmental risks. Providing background on nanomaterials' two-decade study, it discusses the characterization and application of unconventional disinfectants, called antimicrobial nanomaterials, which fall into three categories and, while seemingly harmless, have potential hazards if applied improperly. Special attention is given to the process of remediation, synthetics techniques, and properties of nanomaterials, with examples to which new and trained readers in the field can relate and understand. an interdisciplinary approach, aimed at scientists in physical chemistry, nanotechnology, and environmental sciences includes applications of non-conventional techniques in environmental protection furthers the development of applied nanoscience and nanotechnology suggests new industrial projects and university courses addressing nanotechnology in and for the environment includes applications for water, air and soil protection

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-10
ISBN : 1119529891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive volume on photocatalytic functional materials for environmental remediation As the need for removing large amounts of pollution and contamination in air, soil, and water grows, emerging technologies in the field of environmental remediation are of increasing importance. The use of photocatalysis—a green technology with enormous potential to resolve the issues related to environmental pollution—breaks down toxic organic compounds to mineralized products such as carbon dioxide and water. Due to their high performance, ease of fabrication, long-term stability, and low manufacturing costs, photofunctional materials constructed from nanocomposite materials hold great potential for environmental remediation. Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation examines the development of high performance photofunctional materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants. This timely volume assembles and reviews a broad range of ideas from leading experts in fields of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. Precise, up-to-date chapters cover both the fundamentals and applications of photocatalytic functional materials. Semiconductor-metal nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, metal-organic frameworks, polymer nanocomposites, and other photofunctional materials are examined in applications such as carbon dioxide reduction and organic pollutant degradation. Providing interdisciplinary focus to green technology materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants, this important work: Provides comprehensive coverage of various photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation useful for researchers and developers Encompasses both fundamental concepts and applied technology in the field Focuses on novel design and application of photocatalytic materials used for the removal of environmental contaminates and pollution Offers in-depth examination of highly topical green-technology solutions Presents an interdisciplinary approach to environmental remediation Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation is a vital resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the multi-disciplinary areas of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, environmental science, materials science, and engineering related to photocatalytic environmental remediation.

Photocatalysis

Photocatalysis Book
Author : Jinlong Zhang,Baozhu Tian,Lingzhi Wang,Mingyang Xing,Juying Lei
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-11
ISBN : 9811321132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the photocatalytic mechanism, factors affecting photocatalytic activity, design and preparation of different kinds of nanostructured photocatalysts, and their applications in the environmental and energy fields. Further, it illustrates a broad range of modification methods including ion-doping, heterojunction, noble metal deposition, morphological control and sensitizations, which are used to extend the light absorption range of photocatalysts and reduce recombination between electrons and holes. Promising applications include water splitting, contaminant decomposition and photocatalytic reduction of CO2, which are closely related to environmental redemption and new energy development. The book offers an intriguing and useful guide for a broad readership in various fields of catalysis, material sciences, environment and energy.

Nanostructured Photocatalysts

Nanostructured Photocatalysts Book
Author : Rabah Boukherroub,Satishchandra B. OGALE,Neil Robertson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-13
ISBN : 0128178361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Photocatalysts: From Materials to Applications in Solar Fuels and Environmental Remediation addresses the different properties of nanomaterials-based heterogeneous photocatalysis. Heterogeneous nanostructured photocatalysis represents an interesting and viable technique to address issues of climate change and global energy supply. Sustainable hydrogen (H2) fuel production from water via semiconductor photocatalysis, driven by solar energy, is regarded as a viable and sustainable solution to address increasing energy and environmental issues. Similarly, photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with water for the production of hydrocarbons could also be a viable solution. Sections cover band gap tuning, high surface area, the short diffusion path of carriers, and more. Introduces the utilization of nanostructured materials in heterogeneous photocatalysis for hydrogen fuel production via water splitting Explains preparation techniques for different nanomaterials and hybrid nanocomposites, enabling improved sunlight absorption efficiency and enhanced charge separation Assesses the challenges that need to be addressed before this technology can be practically implemented, particularly of identifying cost-effective nanophotocatalysts

Crumpled Graphene Oxide

Crumpled Graphene Oxide Book
Author : Yi Jiang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental technologies, such as for water treatment, have advanced significantly due to the rapid expansion and application of nanoscale material science and engineering. In particular, two-dimensional graphene oxide (GO), has demonstrated considerable potential for advancing and even revolutionizing some of these technologies, such as engineered photocatalysts and membranes. To realize such potential, an industrially scalable process is needed to produce monomeric and aggregation-resistant GO nanostructures/composites, in addition to new knowledge of material properties, behavior, and performance within an environmental context. Research presented in this thesis addresses both scientific and engineering gaps through the development of a simple, yet robust aerosol-based synthesis approach and demonstrations of two applications, photocatalysts and membranes. The aerosol-based process was developed to engineer the 2D GO nanosheets into 3D crumpled balls (crumpled GO, CGO), which have excellent aggregation- and compression-resistant properties, while allowing for the incorporation (encapsulation) of other (multi)functional particles inside. The five focus areas of this dissertation are: 1) Crumpling and thermal reduction of GO nanosheets in aerosolized droplets, 2) (Multi)functional nanocomposite synthesis, 3) Colloidal behavior in water as a function of material properties and selected environmental constituents/conditions, 4) Photocatalytic applications, 5) Composite assemblies/nanoscale fillers for advanced water treatment membranes. Results reveal that the evaporation rate of water droplets plays a critical role in controlling the crumpling process, and thermal reduction leads to temperature-dependent removal of oxygen functional groups. (Multi)functional composites can be achieved through encapsulation of single or multiple types of nanoparticles, such as TiO2, magnetite, and silver. Morphological transformation by crumpling, increased degree(s) of oxidation, and presence of natural organic matters act to enhance the stability of GO in water. CGO-TiO2 composites are shown to possess superior aqueous-based photocatalytic properties, including efficient photo-reduction reaction pathways. Furthermore, assemblies of CGO nanoparticles show superior permeation, separation, and reactive (photo-reactive and antimicrobial) properties. In addition, in situ surface-based photocatalyzed synthesis of Ag nanoparticles at the surface of membrane assemblies, is demonstrated as an approach to (re)generate, thus maintain, enhanced antimicrobial activity. This work identifies and solves several key issues regarding the industrially attractive processing and applications of (crumpled) graphene-based materials for water treatment technologies. Knowledge obtained, as part of this thesis, will impact aerosol processing of materials, environmental nanotechnology, environmental catalysis, and water treatment membrane technology, among other fields.

Handbook of Smart Photocatalytic Materials

Handbook of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-06
ISBN : 0128190507
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Smart Photocatalytic Materials: Environment, Energy, Emerging Applications and Sustainability provides an intriguing and useful guide to catalysis and materials. The handbook covers applications of smart photocatalytic materials for energy environmental protection and emerging fields. Also covered is the safety risk of Smart Photocatalytic Materials, commercialization, their fate and transportation in the environment, and sustainability. This volume provides a valuable roadmap, outlining common principles behind their use. Every chapter of this volume presents state-of-the-art knowledge on sustainable practices of smart photocatalytic materials (SPMs), including concepts of theory and practice. This handbook is a valued reference for both the academic and industrial researchers looking for recent developments in the field. Covers all aspects of recent developments in Environmental, Energy and Emerging applications of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Focuses on advanced applications and future research advancements of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Emphasizes the sustainability aspect of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Presents a valuable reference for researchers and students that stimulates interest in designing smart materials

Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications

Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Uma Shanker,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Manviri Rani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128231371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green nanomaterials are classed as nanomaterials with no environmentally harmful, toxic, properties.The photocatalysis of nanomaterials involves photo-conduction value in efficient removal/degradation of noxious pollutants. Green nanotechnology has objectives for the development of products and processes which are environmentally friendly, economically sustainable, safe, energy-efficient, and produce little waste or emissions. Such products and processes are based on renewable materials and/or have a low net impact on the environment. Green functionalized nanomaterials, formed by a combination of nanomaterials with natural materials or are derived through a green source, are the new trends in the remediation of pollutants in environmental industries. This has the effect of making photoactive nanomaterials work under UV/sunlight radiation in order to produce reactive radical species that rapidly remove pollutants by redox mechanism. This book focuses on recent developments in the area of fabrication of green nanomaterials and their properties. It also looks at ways of lowering the risk of exposure of green functionalized nanomaterials. This needs to be pursued in the future for investigating and assessing health risks, which may be due to exposure to green nanomaterials. It is an important reference source for all those seeking to improve their understanding of how green functionalized nanomaterials are being used in a range of environmental applications, as well as considering potential toxicity implications. Highlights innovative industrial technologies for green functionalized nanomaterials Covers major fabrication techniques for sustainable functionalized nanomaterials Shows how sustainable functionalized nanoamterials are being developed for commercial applications

Advanced Ceramics for Energy and Environmental Applications

Advanced Ceramics for Energy and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 9780367436742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Ceramics possess various unique properties and are gifted to withstand harsh environments. The aim of this book is to cover various aspects of the advanced ceramics like carbides, nitrides and oxides for energy and environment related applications. Advanced ceramics with additional functionality propose significant potential for greater impact in the field of energy and environmental technologies. This book is highly focused on the nanostructured ceramics synthesis, properties, structure-property relation and application in the area of energy and environment. It covers the high impact work from around 50 leading researchers throughout the world working in this field. This will help metallurgists, biologists, mechanical engineers, ceramicists, material scientists and researchers working in the nanotechnology field with inclusion of every aspect of advanced ceramics for energy and environmental applications.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Book
Author : Mamadou Diallo,Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2009-02-12
ISBN : 9780815519737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book. Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal. From the Foreword: "Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs." - Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative • Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa • Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications • Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. • Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors • Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.

Surface Science of Photocatalysis

Surface Science of Photocatalysis Book
Author : Jiaguo Yu,Mietek Jaroniec,Chuanjia Jiang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-28
ISBN : 0081028911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface Science of Photocatalysis, Volume 32, summarizes significant findings on the surface science behind various classic and novel photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications, with special emphasis on important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, such as interfacial charge transfer, function of co-catalysts, and adsorption over photocatalyst surface. This book timely and systematically reviews the state-of-the-art of the surface science in semiconductor-based photocatalysis, serving as a useful reference book for both new and experienced researchers in this field. Provides timely reviews on cutting-edge research on surface science and photocatalysts Comprehensively discusses novel photocatalysts, such as metal oxides, metal sulphides, graphitic carbon nitrides, graphene and metal-organics Presents important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, like Z-scheme system and surface heterojunctions Investigates the function of co-catalysts and the adsorption on photocatalyst surfaces Edited by world-leading researchers in interface science