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Nanotechnologies And Nanomaterials For Diagnostic Conservation And Restoration Of Cultural Heritage

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Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials for Diagnostic Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage

Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials for Diagnostic  Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Giuseppe Lazzara,Rawil F. Fakhrullin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-12
ISBN : 0128139110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials for Diagnostic, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage explores how advanced nanoscale techniques can help preserve artworks. The book covers lab-scale available techniques as well as advanced methods from neutron sources and X-ray spectroscopy. Other sections highlight a variety of nanomaterials with potential uses in treatments for restoration and conservation, with conservation, consolidation and long-term protection protocols analyzed in each case. The final chapter presents case studies, demonstrates how nanoscale techniques are used to conserve art, and shows what happens when misinterpretation of data sources leads to misdiagnosis. The book is intended for scientists from academic and professional conservators, restorers who are involved in the conservation of artistic and historical artifacts, and those who want to learn how nanotechnology can increase the efficiency of conservation and protection techniques. Cogently explains how nanotechnology is used in the preservation, protection and restoration of artworks Explores the best nanomaterials for a variety of situations Shows how nanomaterials can be used in restoration, for cleaning and in conservation treatments Includes guidelines to prevent the misinterpretation of diagnostic data to help avoid misdiagnosis

Nanotechnologies in Cultural Heritage Materials and Instruments for Diagnosis and Treatment

Nanotechnologies in Cultural Heritage   Materials and Instruments for Diagnosis and Treatment Book
Author : Rodica-Mariana Ion
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter aims to evaluate the nanomaterials that can be used to diagnostic, conservation and restoration of different artifacts and monuments and that can contribute to solving the problems which could appear during weathering processes of them. The nanotechnology, as a new and revolutionary area in science, can improve the traditional methods currently used for restoration and preservation in cultural heritage and can contribute to the creation of new highly specialized methods for diagnostic and treatment of different artifacts or even monuments. With a smaller size, a higher penetrability, viscosity, thermal and magnetic properties, in comparison with the traditional materials, the nanomaterials can contribute to solve the problems deriving from specific phenomena that could appear during the intervention and to identify the potential newly formed products in the treated materials. In this chapter, some aspects about the nanomaterials used for conservation and restoration of stone and paper artifacts are evidenced and discussed.

Plasma Technology in the Preservation and Cleaning of Cultural Heritage Objects

Plasma Technology in the Preservation and Cleaning of Cultural Heritage Objects Book
Author : Radko Tiňo,Katarína Vizárová,František Krčma,Milena Reháková,Viera Jančovičová,Zdenka Kozáková
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-30
ISBN : 1000342158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists have long been looking for alternative methods for the cleaning of historical and cultural museum objects as conventional methods often fail to completely remove surface films, leaving contamination and surface residues behind. Low-temperature plasmas have recently been found to provide a new, efficient and durable approach that maintains the safety of both the materials and personnel. This book is the first to introduce the emerging use of low-temperature plasmas in the cleaning and decontamination of cultural heritage items. It provides a comprehensive exploration of the new possibilities of cleaning objects with plasma, before providing a practice guide to the individual cleaning methods and an overview of the technologies and conditions used in the different cleaning regimes. It is an ideal reference for researchers in plasma physics, in addition to professionals working in the field of historical and cultural conservation. Features: Provides a thorough overview of the cleaning potential of emerging plasma technologies in accessible language for professional restorers and conservators without a scientific background Includes the latest case studies from the field, which have not been published elsewhere yet Authored by a team of experts in the field About the Authors: Dr. Radko Tiňo is an Associate Professor at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia. Dr. Katarína Vizárová is an Associate Professor at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia. Dr. František Krčma is an Associate Professor at Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic. Dr. Milena Reháková is an Associate Professor at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia. Dr. Viera Jančovičová is an Associate Professor at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia. Dr. Zdenka Kozáková is an Associate Professor at Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic.

Conservation of Easel Paintings

Conservation of Easel Paintings Book
Author : Joyce Hill Stoner,Rebecca Rushfield
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 0429680961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conservation of Easel Paintings, Second Edition provides a much-anticipated update to the previous edition, which has come to be known internationally as an invaluable and comprehensive text on the history, philosophy and methods of the treatment of easel paintings. Including 49 chapters written by more than 90 respected authors from around the world, this volume offers the necessary background knowledge in technical art history, artists’ materials and scientific methods of examination and documentation. Later sections of the book provide information about the varying approaches and methods for treatment and issues of preventive conservation, as well as valuable reflections on storage, shipping, and exhibition. Including exciting developments that have taken place since the last edition was published, the book also covers new techniques of examination, especially MacroXRF scanning and Reflectance Transmission Imagery. Drawing on research presented at recent professional conferences, information about innovative methods for cleaning modern and contemporary paintings and insights into modern oil paints is also included. Incorporating the latest regulations and understanding of health and safety practices and integrating theory with practice throughout, Conservation of Easel Paintings, Second Edition will continue to be an indispensable reference for practicing conservators. It will also be an essential resource for students taking conservation courses around the world.

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement Based Materials

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement Based Materials Book
Author : Mohd Shahir Liew,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-16
ISBN : 0128178558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Graphene Bioelectronics

Graphene Bioelectronics Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 0128133503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene Bioelectronics covers the expending field of graphene biomaterials, a wide span of biotechnological breakthroughs, opportunities, possibilities and challenges. It is the first book that focuses entirely on graphene bioelectronics, covering the miniaturization of bioelectrode materials, bioelectrode interfaces, high-throughput biosensing platforms, and systemic approaches for the development of electrochemical biosensors and bioelectronics for biomedical and energy applications. The book also showcases key applications, including advanced security, forensics and environmental monitoring. Thus, the evolution of these scientific areas demands innovations in crosscutting disciplines, starting from fabrication to application. This book is an important reference resource for researchers and technologists in graphene bioelectronics—particularly those working in the area of harvest energy biotechnology—employing state-of-the-art bioelectrode materials techniques. Offers a comprehensive overview of state-of-art research on graphene bioelectronics and their potential applications Provides innovative fabrication strategies and utilization methodologies, which are frequently adopted in the graphene bioelectronics community Shows how graphene can be used to make more effective energy harvesting devices

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio Maxillofacial and Oral Applications

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio Maxillofacial and Oral Applications Book
Author : Júlio Souza,Dachamir Hotza,Bruno Henriques,Aldo Boccaccini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 0128146222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio-maxillofacial and Oral Applications examines the combined impact of materials science, biomedical and chemical engineering, and biology to provide enhanced biomaterials for applications in maxillo-facial rehabilitation and implantology. With a strong focus on a variety of material classes, it examines material processing and characterization techniques to decrease mechanical and biological failure in the human body. After an introduction to the field, the most commonly used materials for cranio-facial applications, including ceramics, polymers and glass ceramics are presented. The book then looks at nanostructured surfaces, functionally graded biomaterials and the manufacturing of nanostructured materials via 3-D printing. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and clinicians wishing to broaden their knowledge in this important and developing field. Explores the techniques used to apply nanotechnology to biomaterials for cranio-maxillofacial and oral applications Bridges the gap between fundamental materials science and medicine Shows how nanostructured biomaterials respond when implanted in the human body

Synchrotron Radiation Science and Applications

Synchrotron Radiation Science and Applications Book
Author : Italian Synchrotron Radiation Society. Meeting
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030720055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects several contributions presented at the 2019 meeting of the Italian Synchrotron Radiation Society (SILS), held in Camerino, Italy, from 9 to 11 September 2019. Topics included are recent developments in synchrotron radiation facilities and instrumentation, novel methods for data analysis, applications in the fields of materials physics and chemistry, Earth and environmental science, coherence in x-ray experiments. The book is intended for advanced students and researchers interested in synchrotron-based techniques and their application in diverse fields.

Novel Nanomaterials

Novel Nanomaterials Book
Author : George Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-04-18
ISBN : 1789230888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Nanomaterials" is a special topic of recent research and is a milestone of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nanoscale materials are a series of substances/compounds, in which at least one dimension has smaller size than 100 nm. Nanomaterials have a broad area of development, which is growing rapidly day by day. Their impact on commercial applications as well as on the respective academia and education is huge. The basic points of this book can be divided into synthesis of nanomaterials and their applications. For example, special mention is about metal-oxide nanostructures, nanocomposites, and polymeric nanomaterials. Also, synthesis, characterizations, various processes, fabrications and some promising applications are also developed and analyzed.

Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage

Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Piero Baglioni,David Chelazzi,Rodorico Giorgi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-20
ISBN : 9401793034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents novel applications of nanotechnology for the preservation of artistic and historical artifacts. It explains the scientific principles behind numerous nanomaterials and discusses their applications to different types of common movable and fixed artistic substrates. It starts with an overview of the nano-tools developed over the last three decades, such as dispersions of nanoparticles, micellar solutions, microemulsions and gels. Compared to traditional methods, these new tools have the benefit of considerably less impact on both the operators and the environment. Each chapter is dedicated to a specific type of cultural heritage material (wall and easel paintings, stone, paper, canvas and wood) starting with the main degradation paths and discussing protocols for the application of innovative nanomaterials-based tools for cleaning, consolidation, or deacidification, which represent the majority of the case studies encountered in restoration facilities, workshops and ateliers. The book provides step-by-step descriptions that are meant to support conservators in the application of these novel materials and methods. The aim of the book is to equip end-users and conservators with essential information and knowledge on the availability and applicability of different nano-materials and dispersed systems. While the book’s focus is on the practical aspects, interested readers will also find references to the relevant advanced colloid and material science literature. Main audience: Expert conservators, restorers and technical staff at conservation institutes and museums, students at conservation and restoration schools, and scientists who are new to the field of conservation of artistic and historical artifacts.

10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin

10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin Book
Author : Maria Koui,Fulvio Zezza,Dimitrios Kouis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 331978093X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses physical, chemical, and biological methods for the preservation of ancient artifacts. Advanced materials are required to preserve the Mediterranean belt's historic, artistic and archaeological relics against weathering, pollution, natural risks and anthropogenic hazards. Based upon the 10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin, this book provides a forum for international engineers, architects, archaeologists, conservators, geologists, art historians and scientists in the fields of physics, chemistry and biology to discuss principles, methods, and solutions for the preservation of global historical artifacts.

Topics in Ecological and Environmental Microbiology

Topics in Ecological and Environmental Microbiology Book
Author : Tom Schmidt,Moselio Schaechter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123838797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In 2009, the third edition of the Encyclopedia of Microbiology and the Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology published, providing customers with a six-volume compendium and condensed reference, respectively, on the vast subject of microbiology. This derivative will compile thirty-two chapters from the original MRW relating to microbial ecology (the study of how microbes interact with each other and their environments) and present them in a single thematic volume that will appeal to researchers, technicians, and students in the environmental science and microbial ecology fields. Classic and cutting-edge entries on topics including air quality, marine habitats, food webs, and microbial adhesion will be fully updated by their original authors (when possible), providing a up-to-date and affordable option to those with focused research interests"--Provided by publisher.

Advances in Conservation Research and Application 2011 Edition

Advances in Conservation Research and Application  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 146492175X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Conservation Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecology Environment and Conservation. The editors have built Advances in Conservation Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecology Environment and Conservation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Conservation Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.