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Nanostructures Properties Processing And Applications

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Nanostructures Properties Processing and Applications

Nanostructures  Properties  Processing and Applications Book
Author : Gaurav Verma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 0128231793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructures: Properties, Processing and Applications is oriented around the Structure-Property-Processing-Applications and Performance lifecycle of materials development at the nanoscale. Through analogies and illustrations, the book explains the complex fundamentals in the areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The structures of metallic, polymeric, ceramic, hybrid, novel and natural nanomaterials are covered in-depth to provide a broad-based understanding for the reader. Sections cover major techniques for characterizing these properties and the major applications and performances of nanostructured materials, drawing comparisons and highlighting efficacy. This is an important information source for early career researchers and engineers who want to understand nanostructured materials and their applications. Explains the fundamental concepts and properties behind nanostructured materials Discusses the major stages of materials development at the nanoscale Explores major application areas, showing how nanotechnology is more efficient than other technologies for a variety of biomedical, environmental and industrial uses

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Book
Author : Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9814322504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Book
Author : Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2011-01-03
ISBN : 981310077X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the 2nd edition of the original “Nanostructures and Nanomaterials” written by Guozhong Cao and published by Imperial College Press in 2004. This important book focuses not only on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructures and nanomaterials, but also includes properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Both chemical processing and lithographic techniques are presented in a systematic and coherent manner for the synthesis and fabrication of 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D nanostructures, as well as special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and ordered mesoporous oxides. The book will serve as a general introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology for teaching and self-study purposes.

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : C. Koch
Publisher : Taylor & Francis US
Release : 2002-03-01
ISBN : 9780815514510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructure science and technology has become an identifiable, if very broad and multidisciplinary, field of research and emerging application in recent years. It is one of the most visible and growing research areas in materials science in its broadest sense. Nanostructured materials include atomic clusters, layered (lamellar) films, filamentary structures, and bulk nanostructured materials. The common thread to these materials is the nanoscale dimensionality, i.e. at least one dimension less than 100 nm, more typically less than 50 nm. In some cases, the physics of such nanoscale materials can be very different form the macroscale properties of the same substance, offering often superior properties that warrant much interest in these materials. Including contributions from twenty-one international contributors, Nanostructured Materials focuses on the synthesis, characterization, and properties relevant to nanostructured materials applications that require bulk and mainly inorganic materials. Topics include synthesis and processing of powders and films, thermal spray processing of nanocrystalline materials, solid state processing, nanocrystalline powder consolidation methods, electrodeposited nanocrystalline materials, computer simulation of nanomaterials, diffusion, gas reactive applications, magnetic properties, mechanical behavior, structure formation, mechanical behavior of two-phase materials, and more.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Ruslan Z. Valiev,Alexander P. Zhilyaev,Terence G. Langdon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-28
ISBN : 1118095405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the most recent results in the area of bulk nanostructured materials and new trends in their severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing, where these techniques are now emerging from the domain of laboratory-scale research into the commercial production of various bulk nanomaterials. Special emphasis is placed on an analysis of the effect of nanostructures in materials fabricated by SPD on mechanical properties (strength and ductility, fatigue strength and life, superplasticity) and functional behavior (shape memory effects, magnetic and electric properties), as well as the numerous examples of their innovative applications. There is a high innovation potential for industrial applications of bulk nanomaterials for structural use (materials with extreme strength) as well as for functional applications such as nanomagnets, materials for hydrogen storage, thermoelectric materials, superconductors, catalysts, and biomedical implants.

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Philippe Knauth,Joop Schoonman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 030647722X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Materials: Selected Synthesis Methods, Properties and Applications presents several important recent advances in synthesis methods for nanostructured materials and processing of nano-objects into macroscopic samples, such as nanocrystalline ceramics. This book will not cover the whole spectrum of possible synthesis techniques, which would be limitless, but it presents especially interesting highlights in the domains of research of the editors. Subjects that are covered include the following: *"chimie douce" approaches for preparation of a large variety of nanostructured materials, including metals, alloys, semiconductors and oxides; *hydrothermal synthesis with water as solvent and reaction medium can be specifically adapted to nanostructured materials; *"electrospraying" as a powerful new route for the preparation of nanoparticles, especially of oxides for electroceramics; *nanoparticles processed into nanostructured ceramics, by using dynamic compaction techniques; *applications of nanostructured materials. This book complements the previous volume in this series (P. Knauth, J. Schoonman, eds., Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides: Selected Properties and Applications, Kluwer, Boston, 2002).

Functional Nanostructures

Functional Nanostructures Book
Author : Sudipta Seal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-02
ISBN : 0387488057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book about functional nanostructures. Nanocrystalline materials exhibit outstanding properties and represent a new class of structural materials having a wide range of applications. In particular, there is considerable interest in developing nanocrystalline materials to be used as functional materials in aerospace applications, automotive industry, wear applications, etc. Future progress in these high technological applications of nanocrystalline materials depends on development of new methods of their fabrication and understanding of the underlying nano-scale and interface effects causing their unique mechanical properties.

Metal Nanostructures for Photonics

Metal Nanostructures for Photonics Book
Author : Luciana Reyes Pires Kassab,Cid Bartolomeu De Araujo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 0081023790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Nanostructures for Photonics presents updates on the development of materials with enhanced optical properties and the demand for novel metal-dielectric nanocomposites and nanostructured materials. The book covers various aspects of metal-dielectric nanocomposites and metallic-nanostructures and illustrates techniques used to prepare and characterize materials and their physical properties. It focuses on three main sections, nanocomposites with enhanced luminescence properties due to contributions of metal nanoparticles hosted in photonic glasses, near and far-field optical phenomena, and the optical response of single nanoparticles that reveal quantum phenomena in the nanoscale, amongst other topics. This book will serve as an important research reference for materials scientists who want to learn more on how a range of metallic nanostructured materials are used in photonics. Sets out the properties of a range of metal-dielectric nanostructures and nanocomposites, along with the use cases for each in photonics Discusses the pros and cons of using different metallic nanostructures for different photonic applications Includes case studies that illustrate how metallic nanostructures have successfully been applied in photonics

Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology Five Volume Set

Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology  Five Volume Set Book
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1999-11
ISBN : 0125137605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials is one of the hottest and fastest growing areas in today's materials science field, along with the related field of solid state physics. Nanostructured materials and their based technologies have opened up exciting new possibilites for future applications in a number of areas including aerospace, automotive, x-ray technology, batteries, sensors, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, and cosmetics. The ability to change properties on the atomic level promises a revolution in many realms of science and technology. Thus, this book details the high level of activity and significant findings are available for those involved in research and development in the field. It also covers industrial findings and corporate support. This five-volume set summarizes fundamentals of nano-science in a comprehensive way. The contributors enlisted by the editor are at elite institutions worldwide. Key Features * Provides comprehensive coverage of the dominant technology of the 21st century * Written by 127 authors from 16 countries, making this truly international * First and only reference to cover all aspects of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology

Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials

Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Robert Vajtai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-20
ISBN : 364220595X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials covers the description of materials which have dimension on the "nanoscale". The description of the nanomaterials in this Handbook follows the thorough but concise explanation of the synergy of structure, properties, processing and applications of the given material. The Handbook mainly describes materials in their solid phase; exceptions might be e.g. small sized liquid aerosols or gas bubbles in liquids. The materials are organized by their dimensionality. Zero dimensional structures collect clusters, nanoparticles and quantum dots, one dimensional are nanowires and nanotubes, while two dimensional are represented by thin films and surfaces. The chapters in these larger topics are written on a specific materials and dimensionality combination, e.g. ceramic nanowires. Chapters are authored by well-established and well-known scientists of the particular field. They have measurable part of publications and an important role in establishing new knowledge of the particular field.

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Gan-Moog Chow,Nina Ivanovna Noskova
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-10-28
ISBN : 9789401061001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A critical, up to date, tutorial review and discussion of the science and technology of nanostructured metallic and ceramic materials. The focus is on the synthesis and processing of nanoparticles, the assembly and stability of nanostructures, characterization and properties, and applications. There is a growing interest in the processing of nanoparticles into consolidated bulk materials and coatings. The metastability of nanoparticles may lead to undesirable grain growth during thermally assisted consolidation or other processing routes, and the retention of nanostructures in a processed part or component continues to attract a great deal of attention. Current activity is concentrating on the deposition of nanostructured coatings using established thermal spray technology and wet chemistry methods. Naturally existing or artificially synthesized templates with unique structures and morphologies have been used to fabricate nanostructured materials with the same structural and morphological characteristics as the templates. Recent advances in characterization techniques have provided information on the structure, the surface and bulk chemistry of nanoparticles, and the structures and chemistry of exposed and buried surfaces of coatings. Contributors are drawn from Canada, France, UK, USA, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

Synthesis Processing and Application of Micro and Nanostructured Materials

Synthesis  Processing and Application of Micro and Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Bogdan Stefan Vasile
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-14
ISBN : 3039289675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is focused on nanostructured materials, which have been well-studied in various fields from life to materials sciences. Nanostructured science has the potential to help make revolutionary discoveries based on modifying the properties of these materials compared with micro-structured materials. Nanostructured materials are the key to discovering new products based on new technologies. This book is focused on presenting new state-of-the-art methods for the synthesis and processing of nanostructured materials. These materials can be used in both in life and materials science with applications from biomedical devices, drug delivery systems, medical imaging with multiferoic materials, high-energy batteries, capacitors, superconductors, and aerospace components.

Advances in Synthesis Processing and Applications of Nanostructures

Advances in Synthesis  Processing  and Applications of Nanostructures Book
Author : Kathy Lu,Navin Jose Manjooran,Ri-ichi Murakam,Gary Pickrell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-30
ISBN : 1118273273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This volume is a collection of the papers presented at the three nanotechnology related symposia held during the Materials Science and Technology 2011 conference (MS&T'11), October 16-20, 2011 in Columbus, Ohio"--P. vii.

Nanostructured Materials and Their Applications

Nanostructured Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : Stergios Logothetidis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-13
ISBN : 3642222277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives an overview of nanostructures and nanomaterials applied in the fields of energy and organic electronics. It combines the knowledge from advanced deposition and processing methods of nanomaterials such as laser-based growth and nanopatterning and state-of-the-art characterization techniques with special emphasis on the optical, electrical, morphological, surface and mechanical properties. Furthermore it contains theoretical and experimental aspects for different types of nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, nanotubes and thin films for organic electronics applications. The international group of authors specifically chosen for their distinguished expertise belong to the academic and industrial world in order to provide a broader perspective. The authors take an interdisciplinary approach of physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and nanotechnology. It appeals to researchers and graduate students.

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Anton Ficai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-11
ISBN : 0323461506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy discusses the available preclinical and clinical nanoparticle technology platforms and their impact on cancer therapy, including current trends and developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapy and chemotherapeutics. In particular, coverage is given to the applications of gold nanoparticles and quantum dots in cancer therapies. In addition to the multifunctional nanomaterials involved in the treatment of cancer, other topics covered include nanocomposites that can target tumoral cells and the release of antitumoral therapeutic agents. The book is an up-to-date overview that covers the inorganic and organic nanostructures involved in the diagnostics and treatment of cancer. Provides an examination of nanoparticle delivery systems for cancer treatment, illustrating how the use of nanotechnology can help provide more effective chemotherapeutic treatments Examines, in detail, the different types of nanomaterials used in cancer therapy, also explaining the effect of each Provides a cogent overview of recent developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapeutics, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this area

Optics of Conducting Polymer Thin Films and Nanostructures

Optics of Conducting Polymer Thin Films and Nanostructures Book
Author : Shangzhi Chen
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2021-02-19
ISBN : 9179297455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intrinsically conducting polymers forms a category of doped conjugated polymers that can conduct electricity. Since their discovery in the late 1970s, they have been widely applied in many fields, ranging from optoelectronic devices to biosensors. The most common type of conducting polymers is poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), or PEDOT. PEDOT has been popularly used as electrodes for solar cells or light-emitting diodes, as channels for organic electrochemical transistors, and as p-type legs for organic thermoelectric generators. Although many studies have been dedicated to PEDOT-based materials, there has been a lack of a unified model to describe their optical properties across different spectral ranges. In addition, the interesting optical properties of PEDOT-based materials, benefiting from its semi-metallic character, have only been rarely studied and utilized, and could potentially enable new applications. Plasmonics is a research field focusing on interactions between light and metals, such as the noble metals (gold and silver). It has enabled various opportunities in fundamental photonics as well as practical applications, varying from biosensors to colour displays. This thesis explores highly conducting polymers as alternatives to noble metals and as a new type of active plasmonic materials. Despite high degrees of microstructural disorder, conducting polymers can possess electrical conductivity approaching that of poor metals, with particularly high conductivity for PEDOT deposited via vapour phase polymerization (VPP). In this thesis, we systematically studied the optical and structural properties of VPP PEDOT thin films and their nanostructures for plasmonics and other optical applications. We employed ultra-wide spectral range ellipsometry to characterize thin VPP PEDOT films and proposed an anisotropic Drude-Lorentz model to describe their optical conductivity, covering the ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and terahertz ranges. Based on this model, PEDOT doped with tosylate (PEDOT:Tos) presented negative real permittivity in the near infrared range. While this indicated optical metallic character, the material also showed comparably large imaginary permittivity and associated losses. To better understand the VPP process, we carefully examined films with a collection of microstructural and spectroscopic characterization methods and found a vertical layer stratification in these polymer films. We unveiled the cause as related to unbalanced transport of polymerization precursors. By selection of suitable counterions, e.g., trifluoromethane sulfonate (OTf), and optimization of reaction conditions, we were able to obtain PEDOT films with electrical conductivity exceeding 5000 S/cm. In the near infrared range from 1 to 5 µm, these PEDOT:OTf films provided a well-defined plasmonic regime, characterized by negative real permittivity and lower magnitude imaginary component. Using a colloidal lithography-based approach, we managed to fabricate nanodisks of PEDOT:OTf and showed that they exhibited clear plasmonic absorption features. The experimental results matched theoretical calculations and numerical simulations. Benefiting from their mixed ionic-electronic conducting characters, such organic plasmonic materials possess redox-tunable properties that make them promising as tuneable optical nanoantennas for spatiotemporally dynamic systems. Finally, we presented a low-cost and efficient method to create structural colour surfaces and images based on UV-treated PEDOT films on metallic mirrors. The concept generates beautiful and vivid colours through-out the visible range utilizing a synergistic effect of simultaneously modulating polymer absorption and film thickness. The simplicity of the device structure, facile fabrication process, and tunability make this proof-of-concept device a potential candidate for future low-cost backlight-free displays and labels.

Two Dimensional Nanostructures

Two Dimensional Nanostructures Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Nasar Ali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-05-02
ISBN : 1439866651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene," even more research and development efforts have been focused on two-dimensional nanostructures. Illustrating the importance of this area in future applications, Two-Dimensional Nanostructures covers the fabrication methods and properties of these materials. The authors begin with discussions on the properties, size effect, applications, classification groups, and growth of nanostructures. They then describe various characterization and fabrication methods, such as spectrometry, low-energy electron diffraction, physical and chemical vapor deposition, and molecular beam epitaxy. The remainder of the text focuses on mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and fabrication methods, including a new mechanical method for fabricating graphene layers and a model for relating the features and structures of nanostructured thin films. With companies already demonstrating the capabilities of graphene in a flexible touch-screen and a 150 GHz transistor, nanostructures are on their way to replacing silicon as the materials of choice in electronics and other areas. This book aids you in understanding the current chemical, mechanical, and physical processes for producing these "miracle materials."

Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Daniela Nunes,Ana Pimentel,Lidia Santos,Pedro Barquinha,Luis Pereira,Elvira Fortunato,Rodrigo Martins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-01
ISBN : 012811505X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications covers the theoretical and experimental aspects related to design, synthesis, fabrication, processing, structural, morphological, optical and electronic properties on the topic. In addition, it reviews surface functionalization and hybrid materials, focusing on the advantages of these oxide nanostructures. The book concludes with the current and future prospective applications of these materials. Users will find a complete overview of all the important topics related to oxide nanostructures, from the physics of the materials, to its application. Delves into hybrid structured metal oxides and their promising use in the next generation of electronic devices Includes fundamental chapters on synthesis design and the properties of metal oxide nanostructures Provides an in-depth overview of novel applications, including chromogenics, electronics and energy

Functionalized Nanomaterials

Functionalized Nanomaterials Book
Author : Vineet Kumar,Praveen Guleria,Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-28
ISBN : 1000367207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials contain some unique properties due to their nanometric size and surface functionalization. Nanomaterial functionalization also affects their compatibility to biocompatibility and toxicity behaviors. environment and living organism. This makes functionalized nanomaterials a material with huge scope and few challenges. This book provides detailed information about the nanomaterial functionalization and their application. Recent advancements, challenges and opportunities in the preparation and applications of functionalized nanomaterials are also highlighted. This book can serve as a reference book for scientific investigators, doctoral and post-doctoral scholars; undergrad and grad. This book is very useful for multidisciplinary researchers, industry personnel’s, journalists, and policy makers. Features: Covers all aspects of Nanomaterial functionalization and its applications Describes and methods of functionalized nanomaterials synthesis for different applications Discusses the challenges, recent findings, and cutting-edge global research trends on functionalization of nanomaterials and its applications It discusses the regulatory frameworks for the safe use of functionalized nanomaterials. It contains contributions from international experts from multiple disciplines.

Zinc Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications

Zinc Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-22
ISBN : 0128236566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Zinc-Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications shows how zinc nanostructures are being used in agriculture, food and the environment. The book has been divided into two parts: Part I deals with the synthesis and characterization of zinc-based nanostructures such as biogenic, plant, microbial, and actinobacteria mediated synthesis of zinc nanoparticles, Part II is focused on agri-food applications such as antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, plant disease management, controlling post-harvest diseases, pesticide sensing and degradations, plant promotions, ZnO nanostructure for food packaging application, safe animal food and feed supplement, elimination of mycotoxins, and veterinary applications. Part III reviews technological developments in environmental applications such as risks and benefits for aquatic organisms and the marine environment, antiseptic activity and toxicity mechanisms, wastewater treatment, and zinc oxide-based nanomaterials for photocatalytic degradation of environmental and agricultural pollutants. The book discusses various aspects, including the application of zinc-based nanostructures to enhance plant health and growth, the effect on soil microbial activity, antimicrobial mechanism, phytotoxicity and accumulation in plants, the possible impact of zinc-based nanostructures in the agricultural sector as nanofertilizer, enhancing crop productivity, and other possible antimicrobial mechanisms of ZnO nanomaterials. Explores the impact of a large variety of zinc-based nanostructures on agri-food and environment sectors Outlines how the properties of zinc-based nanostructures mean they are particularly efficient in environmental and agricultural application areas Assesses the major challenges of synthesizing and processing zinc-based nanostructured materials