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Nanostructured Metals And Alloys

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Nanostructured Metals and Alloys

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys Book
Author : S H Whang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-03-22
ISBN : 0857091123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility are important properties of nanostructured metallic materials, which make them suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Nanostructured metals and alloys reviews the latest technologies used for production of these materials, as well as recent advances in research into their structure and mechanical properties. One of the most important issues facing nanostructured metals and alloys is how to produce them. Part one describes the different methods used to process bulk nanostructured metals and alloys, including chapters on severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying and electrodeposition among others. Part two concentrates on the microstructure and properties of nanostructured metals, with chapters studying deformation structures such as twins, microstructure of ferrous alloys by equal channel angular processing, and characteristic structures of nanostructured metals prepared by plastic deformation. In part three, the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals and alloys are discussed, with chapters on such topics as strengthening mechanisms, nanostructured metals based on molecular dynamics computer simulations, and surface deformation. Part four focuses on existing and developing applications of nanostructured metals and alloys, covering topics such as nanostructured steel for automotives, steel sheet and nanostructured coatings by spraying. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanostructured metals and alloys is a standard reference for manufacturers of metal components, as well as those with an academic research interest in metals and materials with enhanced properties.

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys Book
Author : S. H. Whang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06
ISBN : 9780081017388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility are important properties of nanostructured metallic materials, which make them suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Nanostructured metals and alloys reviews the latest technologies used for production of these materials, as well as recent advances in research into their structure and mechanical properties. One of the most important issues facing nanostructured metals and alloys is how to produce them. Part one describes the different methods used to process bulk nanostructured metals and alloys, including chapters on severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying and electrodeposition among others. Part two concentrates on the microstructure and properties of nanostructured metals, with chapters studying deformation structures such as twins, microstructure of ferrous alloys by equal channel angular processing, and characteristic structures of nanostructured metals prepared by plastic deformation. In part three, the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals and alloys are discussed, with chapters on such topics as strengthening mechanisms, nanostructured metals based on molecular dynamics computer simulations, and surface deformation. Part four focuses on existing and developing applications of nanostructured metals and alloys, covering topics such as nanostructured steel for automotives, steel sheet and nanostructured coatings by spraying. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanostructured metals and alloys is a standard reference for manufacturers of metal components, as well as those with an academic research interest in metals and materials with enhanced properties.

Fatigue and Fracture of Nanostructured Materials

Fatigue and Fracture of Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Pasquale Cavaliere
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 3030580881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the main approaches for production and synthesis of nanostructured metals and alloys, taking into account the fatigue behavior of materials in additive manufactured components. Depending on the material type, form, and application, a deep discussion of fatigue properties and crack behavior is also provided. Pure nanostructured metals, complex alloys and composites are further considered. Prof. Cavaliere’s examination is supported by the most up-to-date understanding from the scientific literature along with a thorough presentation of theory. Bringing together the widest range of perspective on its topic, the book is ideal for materials researchers, professional engineers in industry, and students interested in nanostructured materials, fracture/fatigue mechanics, and additive manufacturing. Describes in detail the relevance of nanostructures in additive manufacturing technologies; Includes sufficient breadth and depth on theoretical modelling of fatigue and crack behavior for use in the classroom; Identifies many open questions regarding different theories through experimental finding; Contextualizes the latest scientific results for readers in industry.

Nanostructured Materials by High Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation

Nanostructured Materials by High Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation Book
Author : Yuntian T. Zhu,Viktor Varyukhin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781402039225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently, it was reported that nanostructured materials processed under high pressure by HPT and ECAP have an extraordinary combination of both high strength and high ductility, which are two desirable, but rarely co-existing properties. These findings indicate that high-pressure is a critical factor that can be employed to process nanostructured materials with superior mechanical, and possibly also physical, properties. It is the objective of this workshop to review our current knowledge, identify issues for future research, and discuss future directions on the processing and properties of nanostructured materials via SPD techniques, with a special emphasis on high-pressure effects. The 42 peer-reviewed papers in this book cover areas of high pressure effect on the nanostructure and properties of SPD-processed materials, fundamentals of nanostructured materials, development of high-pressure SPD technologies for commercializations, recent advances of SPD technologies as well as applications and future markets of SPD-processed nanostructured materials.

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides Book
Author : Grzegorz D. Sulka
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-27
ISBN : 0128168773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides: Synthesis and Applications reviews the current status of fabrication strategies that have been successfully developed to generate nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous anodic oxides on a range of metals. The most recent achievements and innovative strategies for the synthesis of nanoporous aluminum oxide and nanotubular titanium oxide are discussed. However, a special emphasis is placed on the possibility of fabrication of nanostructured oxide layers with different morphologies on other metals, including aluminum titanium, tantalum, tin, zinc, zirconium and copper. In addition, emerging biomedical applications of synthesized materials are discussed in detail. During the past decade, great progress has been made both in the preparation and characterization of various nanomaterials and their functional applications. The anodization of metals has proven to be reliable for the synthesis of nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous metal oxides to produce a desired diameter, density, aspect ratio (length to diameter) of pores/tubes, and internal pore/tube structure. Provides an in-depth overview of anodization techniques for a range of metals Explores the emerging applications of anodic metal oxides Explains mechanisms of formation valve metal oxides via anodization

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Ruslan Z. Valiev,Alexander P. Zhilyaev,Terence G. Langdon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-09-17
ISBN : 1118742575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the most recent results in the area of bulk nanostructured materials and new trends in their severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing, where these techniques are now emerging from the domain of laboratory-scale research into the commercial production of various bulk nanomaterials. Special emphasis is placed on an analysis of the effect of nanostructures in materials fabricated by SPD on mechanical properties (strength and ductility, fatigue strength and life, superplasticity) and functional behavior (shape memory effects, magnetic and electric properties), as well as the numerous examples of their innovative applications. There is a high innovation potential for industrial applications of bulk nanomaterials for structural use (materials with extreme strength) as well as for functional applications such as nanomagnets, materials for hydrogen storage, thermoelectric materials, superconductors, catalysts, and biomedical implants.

Atomic scale Modeling of Nanostructured Metals and Alloys

Atomic scale Modeling of Nanostructured Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Alexander Stukowski
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Atomic scale Modeling of Nanostructured Metals and Alloys book written by Alexander Stukowski, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Michael J. Zehetbauer,Yuntian Theodore Zhu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-06-10
ISBN : 3527626905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The processing and mechanical behaviour of bulk nanostructured materials are one of the most interesting new fields of research on advanced materials systems. Many nanocrystalline materials possess very high strength with still good ductility, and exhibit high values of fatigue resistance and fracture toughness. There has been continuing interest in these nanomaterials for use in structural and biomedical applications, and this has led to a large number of research programs worldwide. This book focuses on the processing techniques, microstructures, mechanical and physical properties, and applications of bulk nanostructured materials, as well as related fundamental issues. Only since recently can such bulk nanostructured materials be produced in large bulk dimensions, which opens the door to their commercial applications.

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale Book
Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-10
ISBN : 0128193603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices Book
Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-21
ISBN : 1000073203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Heterostructured Materials

Heterostructured Materials Book
Author : Xiaolei Wu,Yuntian Zhu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-24
ISBN : 100035332X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterostructured (HS) materials represent an emerging class of materials that are expected to become a major research field for the communities of materials, mechanics, and physics in the next couple of decades. One of the biggest advantages of HS materials is that they can be produced by large-scale industrial facilities and technologies and therefore can be commercialized without the scaling up and high-cost barriers that are often encountered by other advanced materials. This book collects recent papers on the progress in the field of HS materials, especially their fundamental physics. The papers are arranged in a sequence of chapters that will help new researchers entering the field to have a quick and comprehensive understanding of HS materials, including the fundamentals and recent progress in their processing, characterization, and properties.

Internal Friction in Metallic Materials

Internal Friction in Metallic Materials Book
Author : Mikhail S. Blanter,Igor S. Golovin,Hartmut Neuhäuser,Hans-Rainer Sinning
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-17
ISBN : 3540687580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a unique collection of experimental data in the field of internal friction, anelastic relaxation, and damping properties of metallic materials. It reviews virtually all anelastic relaxation phenomena ever published. The reader is also supplied with explanations of the basic physical mechanisms of internal friction, a summary of typical effects for different groups of metals, and more than 2000 references to original papers.

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0125139209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology Provides comprehensive coverage of the dominant technology of the 21st century Written by a truly international list of contributors.

Nanostructure Control of Materials

Nanostructure Control of Materials Book
Author : R H J Hannink,A J Hill
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2006-02-28
ISBN : 1845691180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to measure and manipulate matter on the nanometer level is making possible a new generation of materials with enhanced mechanical, optical, transport and magnetic properties. This important book summarises key developments in nanotechnology and their impact on the processing of metals, polymers, composites and ceramics. After a brief introduction, a number of chapters discuss the practical issues involved in the commercial production and use of nanomaterials. Other chapters review ways of nanoengineering steel, aluminium and titanium alloys. Elsewhere the book discusses the use of nanoengineered metal hydrides to store hydrogen as an energy source, and the development of nanopolymers for batteries and other energy storage devices. Other chapters discuss the use of nanotechnology to enhance the toughness of ceramics, the production of synthetic versions of natural materials such as bone, and the development of nanocomposites. Nanostructure control of materials is an ideal introduction to the ways nanotechnology is being used to create new materials for industry. It will be welcomed by R&D managers in such sectors as automotive engineering as well as academics working in this exciting area. Reviews key developments in nanotechnology and their impact on various materials Edited by leading experts in the field

Advances in Nanostructured Materials Processed by Severe Plastic Deformation

Advances in Nanostructured Materials Processed by Severe Plastic Deformation Book
Author : Xiaozhou Liao,Yonghao Zhao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publication
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780878493845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials, in which the structural features (e.g., grains and/or domains separated by low-angle grain boundaries) are smaller than 100nm in at least one dimension, have attracted worldwide research interest for more than a decade because of their unique properties. For example, the combination of high strength with high ductility has been reported for some nanostructured metals and alloys: this is a rare, if not impossible, combination of mechanical properties for coarse-grained metals and alloys. Among the many techniques available for producing nanostructured materials, severe plastic deformation (SPD)26 is26 the most popular and most rapidly developing one. The presenteditors invited prominent researchers in this field to contribute research and review papers, on the advances made in nanostructured materials processing by SPD, to this special-topic book. The ten papers cover a wide range of issues that are of primordial interest to the SPD research community including: mechanical properties, microstructures, theoretical aspects of plastic behavior and recent development in practical SPD techniques. This book will therefore be essential reading for those having an interest in studying or using the SPD method.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Ruslan Z. Valiev,Alexander P. Zhilyaev,Terence G. Langdon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-28
ISBN : 1118095405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the most recent results in the area of bulk nanostructured materials and new trends in their severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing, where these techniques are now emerging from the domain of laboratory-scale research into the commercial production of various bulk nanomaterials. Special emphasis is placed on an analysis of the effect of nanostructures in materials fabricated by SPD on mechanical properties (strength and ductility, fatigue strength and life, superplasticity) and functional behavior (shape memory effects, magnetic and electric properties), as well as the numerous examples of their innovative applications. There is a high innovation potential for industrial applications of bulk nanomaterials for structural use (materials with extreme strength) as well as for functional applications such as nanomagnets, materials for hydrogen storage, thermoelectric materials, superconductors, catalysts, and biomedical implants.

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys Two Volume Set Print

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys  Two Volume Set  Print  Book
Author : George E. Totten,Murat Tiryakioglu,Olaf Kessler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1351045628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This encyclopedia, written by authoritative experts under the guidance of an international panel of key researchers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, is a comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of metallurgical science and engineering of aluminum and its alloys. Topics covered include extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy (including processing), physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing (processes such as metalworking and welding, heat treatment, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming), surface engineering and structure such as crystallography and metallography.

Investigations and Applications of Severe Plastic Deformation

Investigations and Applications of Severe Plastic Deformation Book
Author : Terry C. Lowe,Ruslan Z. Valiev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401140626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Material processing techniques that employ severe plastic deformation have evolved over the past decade, producing metals, alloys and composites having extraordinary properties. Variants of SPD methods are now capable of creating monolithic materials with submicron and nanocrystalline grain sizes. The resulting novel properties of these materials has led to a growing scientific and commercial interest in them. They offer the promise of bulk nanocrystalline materials for structural; applications, including nanocomposites of lightweight alloys with unprecedented strength. These materials may also enable the use of alternative metal shaping processes, such as high strain rate superplastic forming. Prospective applications for medical, automotive, aerospace and other industries are already under development.

Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys

Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys Book
Author : Hugh J. McQueen,Stefano Spigarelli,Michael E. Kassner,Enrico Evangelista
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420017683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive treatise on the hot working of aluminum and its alloys, Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys details the possible microstructural developments that can occur with hot deformation of various alloys, as well as the kind of mechanical properties that can be anticipated. The authors take great care to explain and differentiate hot working in the context of other elevated temperature phenomena, such as creep, superplasticity, cold working, and annealing. They also pay particular attention to the fundamental mechanisms of aluminum plasticity at hot working temperatures. Using extensive analysis derived from polarized light optical microscopy (POM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) scanning electron-microscopy with electron backscatter imaging (SEM-EBSD), and orientation imaging microscopy (OIM), the authors examine those microstructures that evolve in torsion, compression, extrusion, and rolling. Further microstructural analysis leads to detailed explanations of dynamic recovery (DRV), static recovery (SRV), discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (dDRX), discontinuous static recrystallization (dSRX), grain defining dynamic recovery (gDRV) (formerly geometric dynamic recrystallization, or gDRX), and continuous dynamic recrystallization involving both a single phase (cDRX/1-phase) and multiple phases (cDRX/2-phase). A companion to other works that focus on modeling, manufacturing involving plastic and superplastic deformation, and control of texture and phase transformations, this book provides thorough explanations of microstructural development to lay the foundation for further study of the mechanisms of thermomechanical processes and their application.

Nanotechnology Enhanced Orthopedic Materials

Nanotechnology Enhanced Orthopedic Materials Book
Author : Lei Yang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-07-28
ISBN : 0857098500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials provides the latest information on the emergence and rapid development of nanotechnology and the ways it has impacted almost every aspect of biomedical engineering. This book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the field, focusing on the fabrication and applications of these materials, presenting updated, practical, and systematic knowledge on the synthesis, processing, and modification of nanomaterials, along with the rationale and methodology of applying such materials for orthopedic purposes. Topics covered include a wide range of orthopedic material formulations, such as ceramics, metals, polymers, biomolecules, and self-assemblies. Final sections explore applications and future trends in nanotechnology-enhanced orthopedic materials. Details practical information on the fabrication and modification of new and traditional orthopedic materials Analyzes a wide range of materials, designs, and applications of nanotechnology for orthopedics Investigates future trends in the field, including sections on orthopedic materials with bacterial-inhibitory properties and novel materials for the control of immune and inflammatory responses