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Nanostructured Metal Oxide Electrode Materials For Water Purification

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Nanostructured Metal Oxide Electrode Materials for Water Purification

Nanostructured Metal Oxide Electrode Materials for Water Purification Book
Author : Onoyivwe Monday Ama,Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-07
ISBN : 3030433463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports on the development of nanostructured metal-oxide-based electrode materials for use in water purification. The removal of organic pollutants and heavy metals from wastewater is a growing environmental and societal priority. This book thus focuses primarily on new techniques to modify the nanostructural properties of various solvent-electrolyte combinations to address these issues. Water treatment is becoming more and more challenging due to the ever increasing complexity of the pollutants present, requiring alternative and complementary approaches toward the removal of toxic chemicals, heavy metals and micro-organisms, to name a few. This contributed volume cuts across the fields of electrochemistry, water science, materials science, and nanotechnology, while presenting up-to-date experimental results on the properties and synthesis of metal-oxide electrode materials, as well as their application to areas such as biosensing and photochemical removal of organic wastewater pollutants. Featuring an introductory chapter on electrochemical cells, this book is well positioned to acquaint interdisciplinary researchers to the field, while providing topical coverage of the latest techniques and methodology. It is ideal for students and research professionals in water science, materials science, and chemical and civil engineering.

Metal Metal Oxides and Metal Organic Frameworks for Environmental Remediation

Metal  Metal Oxides and Metal Organic Frameworks for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Saravanan Rajendran
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-02
ISBN : 303068976X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metal Metal Oxides and Metal Organic Frameworks for Environmental Remediation book written by Saravanan Rajendran, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modern Age Waste Water Problems

Modern Age Waste Water Problems Book
Author : Mohammad Oves,Mohammad Omaish Ansari,Mohammad Zain Khan,Mohammad Shahadat,Iqbal M.I. Ismail
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-23
ISBN : 3030082830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a picture of the advances in the research of theoretical and practical frameworks of wastewater problems and solutions. The book deals with a basic concept and principles of modern biological, chemical and technical approaches to remediate various hazardous pollutants from wastewater. The latest empirical research findings in wastewater treatment are comprehensively discussed. Examples of low-cost technologies are also included. The book is written for professionals, researchers, academics and students wanting to improve their understanding of the strategic role of environmental protection and advanced applied technologies.

Chemically Modified Metal Oxide Nanostructures Electrodes for Sensing and Energy Conversion

Chemically Modified Metal Oxide Nanostructures Electrodes for Sensing and Energy Conversion Book
Author : Sami Elhag
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2017-02-02
ISBN : 9176855902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of this thesis is the development of scalable, low cost synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures based electrodes and to correlate the chemical modifications with their energy conversion performance. Methods in energy conversion in this thesis have focused on two aspects; a potentiometric chemical sensor was used to determine the analytical concentration of some components of the analyte solution such as dopamine, glucose and glutamate molecules. The second aspect is to fabricate a photo-electrochemical (PEC) cell. The biocompatibility, excellent electro-catalytic activities and fast electron transfer kinetics accompanied with a high surface area to volume ratio; are properties of some metal oxide nanostructures that of a potential for their use in energy conversion. Furthermore, metal oxide nanostructures based electrode can effectively be improved by the physical or a chemical modification of electrode surface. Among these metal oxide nanostructures are cobalt oxide (Co3O4), zinc oxide (ZnO), and bismuth-zincvanadate (BiZn2VO6) have all been studied in this thesis. Metal oxide nanostructures based electrodes are fabricated on gold-coated glass substrate by low temperature (< 100 0C) wet chemicalapproach. X-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the electrodes while ultraviolet-visible absorption and photoluminescence were used to investigate the optical properties of the nanostructures. The resultant modified electrodes were tested for their performance as chemical sensors and for their efficiency in PEC activities. Efficient chemically modified electrodes were demonstrated through doping with organic additives like anionic, nonionic or cationic surfactants. The organic additives are showing a crucial role in the growth process of metal oxide nanocrystals and hence can beused to control the morphology. These organic additives act also as impurities that would significantly change the conductivity of the electrodes. However, no organic compounds dependence was observed to modify the crystallographic structure. The findings in this thesis indicate the importance of the use of controlled nanostructures morphology for developing efficient functional materials.

Hierarchical Micro Nanostructured Materials

Hierarchical Micro Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Weiping Cai,Guotao Duan,Yue Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-01
ISBN : 1439876827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hierarchical Micro/Nanostructured Materials: Fabrication, Properties, and Applications presents the latest fabrication, properties, and applications of hierarchical micro/nanostructured materials in two sections—powders and arrays. After a general introduction to hierarchical micro/nanostructured materials, the first section begins with a detailed discussion of the methods of mass production for hierarchical micro/nanostructured powders, including structure-directed solvothermal routes, template-etching strategies, and electrospinning technologies. It then proceeds to address structurally enhanced adsorption and photocatalytic performances. The second section describes strategies for the fabrication of hierarchical micro/nanostructured object arrays and their devices, such as modified colloidal lithographies-based solution and electrodeposition. It also examines the structure-dependent properties and performances of the micro/nanostructured arrays, including surface wettability, optical properties, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effects, and gas-sensing performances. In its cutting-edge coverage, Hierarchical Micro/Nanostructured Materials: Fabrication, Properties, and Applications explores the use of hierarchical micro/nanostructured materials in environmental remediation and detection devices, commenting on future trends and applications in catalysis, integrated nanophotonics, optical devices, super-high density storage media, sensors, nanobiotechnology, SERS substrates, and more.

Frontiers in Water Energy Nexus Nature Based Solutions Advanced Technologies and Best Practices for Environmental Sustainability

Frontiers in Water Energy Nexus   Nature Based Solutions  Advanced Technologies and Best Practices for Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : Vincenzo Naddeo,Malini Balakrishnan,Kwang-Ho Choo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-18
ISBN : 3030130681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes selected contributions presented during the 2nd edition of the international conference on WaterEnergyNEXUS which was held in Salerno, Italy in November 2018. This conference was organized by the Sanitary Environmental Engineering Division (SEED) of the University of Salerno (Italy) in cooperation with Advanced Institute of Water Industry at Kyungpook National University (Korea) and with The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI (India). The initiative received the patronage of UNESCO – World Water Association Programme (WWAP) and of the International Water Association (IWA) and was organized with the support of Springer (MENA Publishing Program), Arab Water Council (AWC), Korean Society of Environmental Engineering (KSEE) and Italian Society of Sanitary Environmental Engineering Professors (GITISA). With the support of international experts invited as plenary and keynote speakers, the conference aimed to give a platform for Euro-Mediterranean countries to share and discuss key topics on such water-energy issues through the presentation of nature-based solutions, advanced technologies and best practices for a more sustainable environment. This volume gives a general and brief overview on current research focusing on emerging Water-Energy-Nexus issues and challenges and its potential applications to a variety of environmental problems that are impacting the Euro-Mediterranean zone and surrounding regions. A selection of novel and alternative solutions applied worldwide are included. The volume contains over about one hundred carefully refereed contributions from 44 countries worldwide selected for the conference. Topics covered include (1) Nexus framework and governance, (2) Environmental solutions for the sustainable development of the water sector, (3) future clean energy technologies and systems under water constraints, (4) environmental engineering and management, (5) Implementation and best practices Intended for researchers in environmental engineering, environmental science, chemistry, and civil engineering. This volume is also an invaluable guide for industry professionals working in both water and energy sectors.

Nanotechnology for Defence Applications

Nanotechnology for Defence Applications Book
Author : Narendra Kumar,Ambesh Dixit
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 3030298809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the application of nanoscience and nanotechnology in military defence strategies. Both historical and current perspectives on military technologies are discussed. The book provides comprehensive details on current trends in the application of nanotechnology to ground, air, and naval specializations. Furthermore, nanotechnology-enabled high energy explosives and propellants, chemical, biological, radiation, and nuclear threats and their detection/protection, and camouflage and stealth for signature management of military targets in multispectral wavelength signals are analyzed. The book also covers nanotechnology-enabled armor and platforms, which may serve as lightweight and high mechanical strength options in contrast to conventional systems. Finally, the book also emphasizes future military applications of nanotechnology and its integration into ‘smart’ materials. Provides comprehensive details on trends in the application of nanotechnology to ground, air, and naval defence systems; Examines the application of nanoscience and nanotechnology in military defence strategies; Offers pathways and research avenues for development of nanotechnology and materials applications in military capacities.

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices Book
Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-21
ISBN : 1000073203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Carbon and Inorganic based Nanostructures for Energy Applications

Carbon  and Inorganic based Nanostructures for Energy Applications Book
Author : Federico Cesano,M. Jasim Uddin,Yuanbing Mao,Muhammad N. Huda
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-01-04
ISBN : 2889663310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon and Inorganic based Nanostructures for Energy Applications book written by Federico Cesano,M. Jasim Uddin,Yuanbing Mao,Muhammad N. Huda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metal Oxides Chalcogenides and Composites

Metal Oxides Chalcogenides and Composites Book
Author : Aneeya Kumar Samantara,Satyajit Ratha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-09
ISBN : 3030248615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the recent development of metal oxides, hydroxides and their carbon composites for electrochemical oxidation of water in the production of hydrogen and oxygen as fuels. It includes a detailed discussion on synthesis methodologies for the metal oxides/hydroxides, structural/morphological characterizations, and the key parameters (Tafel plot, Turnover frequency, Faradic efficiency, overpotential, long cycle life etc.) needed to evaluate the electrocatalytic activity of the materials. Additionally, the mechanism behind the electro oxidation process is presented. Readers will find a comprehensive source on the close correlation between metal oxides, hydroxides, composites, and their properties and importance in the generation of hydrogen and oxygen from water. The depletion of fossil fuels from the earth’s crust, and related environmental issues such as climate change, demand that we search for alternative energy resources to achieve some form of sustainable future. In this regard, much scientific research has been devoted to technologies such as solar cells, wind turbines, fuel cells etc. Among them fuel cells attract much attention because of their versatility and efficiency. In fuel cells, different fuels such as hydrogen, CO2, alcohols, acids, methane, oxygen/air, etc. are used as the fuel, and catalysts are employed to produce a chemical reaction for generating electricity. Hence, it is very important to produce these fuels in an efficient, eco-friendly, and cost effective manner. The electrochemical splitting of water is an environmentally friendly process to produce hydrogen (the greener fuel used in fuel cells), but the efficiencies of these hydrogen evolution reactions (cathodic half reaction) are strongly dependent on the anodic half reaction (oxygen evolution reaction), i.e., the better the anodic half, the better will be the cathodic reaction. Further, this oxygen evolution reaction depends on the types of active electrocatalysts used. Though many more synthetic approaches have been explored and different electrocatalysts developed, oxide and hydroxide-based nanomaterials and composites (with graphene, carbon nanotubes etc.) show better performance. This may be due to the availability of more catalytic surface area and electro active centers to carry out the catalysis process.

Electrochemically Engineering of Nanoporous Materials

Electrochemically Engineering of Nanoporous Materials Book
Author : Abel Santos
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-10-10
ISBN : 3038972681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Electrochemically Engineering of Nanoporous Materials" that was published in Nanomaterials

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Qiang Zhang,Fei Wei
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-19
ISBN : 3527333460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the recent developments and prospects in this highly topical area, covering the synthesis, characterization, properties and applications of hierarchical nanostructured materials. The book concentrates on those materials relevant for research and development in the fields of energy, biomedicine and environmental protection, with a strong focus on 3D materials based on nanocarbons, mesoporous silicates, hydroxides, core-shell particles and helical nanostructures. Thanks to its clear concept and application-oriented approach, this is an essential reference for experienced researchers and newcomers to the field alike.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-02
ISBN : 012812296X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology, Second Edition allows researchers to navigate a very diverse, interdisciplinary and rapidly-changing field with up-to-date, comprehensive and authoritative coverage of every aspect of modern nanoscience and nanotechnology. Presents new chapters on the latest developments in the field Covers topics not discussed to this degree of detail in other works, such as biological devices and applications of nanotechnology Compiled and written by top international authorities in the field

Hybrid Nanomaterials

Hybrid Nanomaterials Book
Author : Suneel Kumar Srivastava,Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-13
ISBN : 1119160359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A hybrid material is defined as a material composed of an intimate mixture of inorganic components, organic components, or both types of components. In the last few years, a tremendous amount of attention has been given towards the development of materials for efficient energy harvesting; nanostructured hybrid materials have also been gaining significant advances to provide pollutant free drinking water, sensing of environmental pollutants, energy storage and conservation. Separately, intensive work on high performing polymer nanocomposites for applications in the automotive, aerospace and construction industries has been carried out, but the aggregation of many fillers, such as clay, LDH, CNT, graphene, represented a major barrier in their development. Only very recently has this problem been overcome by fabrication and applications of 3D hybrid nanomaterials as nanofillers in a variety of polymers. This book, Hybrid Nanomaterials, examines all the recent developments in the research and specially covers the following subjects: Hybrid nanostructured materials for development of advanced lithium batteries High performing hybrid nanomaterials for supercapacitor applications Nanohybrid materials in the development of solar energy applications Application of hybrid nanomaterials in water purification Advanced nanostructured materials in electromagnetic shielding of radiations Preparation, properties and application of hybrid nanomaterials in sensing of environmental pollutants Development of hybrid fillers/polymer nanocomposites for electronic applications High performance hybrid filler reinforced epoxy nanocomposites State-of-the-art overview of elastomer/hybrid filler nanocomposites

Nanostructured Materials Preparation via Condensation Ways

Nanostructured Materials Preparation via Condensation Ways Book
Author : Anatolii D. Pomogailo,Gulzhian I. Dzhardimalieva
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-26
ISBN : 9048125677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is devoted to novel nanostructured materials and nanotechnology. A comprehensive analysis of the condensing methods of preparation of novel nanostructured materials is given. The methodology of power-consuming preparation of nanostructured materials is discussed, including thermolysis, photo- and radiolytic, electrochemical and mechanochemical methods. The peculiarities of chemical transformations in organic and inorganic matrices are compared. Special attention is given to kinetics and mechanism of the formation of nanocomposites. The structure and properties of such nanostructured materials are analysed.

Complex Magnetic Nanostructures

Complex Magnetic Nanostructures Book
Author : Surender Kumar Sharma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-04
ISBN : 3319520873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a detailed discussion of the complex magnetic behavior of magnetic nanosystems, with its myriad of geometries (e.g. core-shell, heterodimer and dumbbell) and its different applications. It provides a broad overview of the numerous current studies concerned with magnetic nanoparticles, presenting key examples and an in-depth examination of the cutting-edge developments in this field. This contributed volume shares the latest developments in nanomagnetism with a wide audience: from upper undergraduate and graduate students to advanced specialists in both academia and industry. The first three chapters serve as a primer to the more advanced content found later in the book, making it an ideal introductory text for researchers starting in this field. It provides a forum for the critical evaluation of many aspects of complex nanomagnetism that are at the forefront of nanoscience today. It also presents highlights from the extensive literature on the topic, including the latest research in this field.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissertation Abstracts International book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanooptics Nanophotonics Nanostructures and Their Applications

Nanooptics  Nanophotonics  Nanostructures  and Their Applications Book
Author : Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-26
ISBN : 3319910833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features selected peer-reviewed contributions from participants in the 5th International Science and Practice Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2017) held in Chernivtsi, Ukraine on August 23-26, 2017. The International Conference was organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Ukraine), University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics and nanoplasmonics to interface studies. This book's companion volume also addresses topics such as energy storage and biomedical applications.

Nanostructured Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Metal Oxides Book
Author : Enrico Traversa
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 1566775094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of metal oxides in nanostructured form, made possible by recent advances in their synthesis, allow the exploitation of unique physical and chemical properties of materials. This issue presents te latest advances in the controlled syntheseis and processing of nanostructured oxides, and the design, fabrication, and performance of devices that utilize them. The emphasis will be on the beneficial effects of using nanostructured materials in enviromentally-friendly applications.

Advances in Nanostructured Composites

Advances in Nanostructured Composites Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-30
ISBN : 0429664311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first volume of this book covered Section I: Introduction to Nanocomposites Fabrication and Section II: CNT and Graphene Nanocomposites. The present second volume covers Section III: Recent Applications of Nanocomposites. The second volume aims to provide a guide for different applications of modern nanocomposites especially those fabricated by carbon nanotubes and graphene. The book makes a comparative study of fiber-reinforced composites which have been embedded into the matrix with nanocomposites containing nanotubes in place of fibers. The main topics of this volume are: Electrochemical Properties of Nanoporous Based Materials, Fabrication and Application of Graphene Oxide-based Metal and Metal Oxide Nanocomposites, Electrochemical Sensors/Biosensors Based on Carbon Aerogels/Xerogels, Advances in Nanobiocatalysis: Strategies for Lipase Immobilization and Stabilization, Metal Oxide Based Heterojunction Nanoscale Materials for Chemiresistive Gas Sensors, Recent Advances in Polymer Nanocomposite Coatings for Corrosion Protection, Recent Advances in the Design of Nanocomposite Materials via Laser Techniques for Biomedical Applications, Carbonaceous Nanostructured Composites for Electrochemical Power Sources: Fuel Cells, Supercapacitors and Batteries, Bismuth Vanadate Based Nanostructured and Nanocomposite Photocatalyst Materials for Water Splitting Application.