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Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion Book
Author : Ying-Pin Chen,Sajid Bashir,Jingbo Louise Liu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-31
ISBN : 3662535149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 1 of a 4-volume series is a concise, authoritative and an eminently readable and enjoyable experience related to hydrogen production, storage and usage for portable and stationary power. Although the major focus is on hydrogen, discussion of fossil fuels and nuclear power is also presented where appropriate. This monograph is written by recognized experts in the field, and is both timely and appropriate as this decade will see application of hydrogen as an energy carrier, for example in transportation sector. The world's reliance on fossil fuels is due to the ever growing need for energy to sustain life and on-going progress; however exploitation also brings consequences such as emission of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur dioxides into the atmosphere. The collective influence of these photochemical gases is production of acid rain and an alternation of global temperatures, leading to record high temperatures in many parts of the world. The fossil fuel is unsustainable and thus there is a critical need for alternative sustainable energy resources. One universal energy carrier is hydrogen, which is the focus of this volume. This book is suitable for those who work in the energy field as technical experts, including engineers and scientists, as well as managers, policy and decision-makers, environmentalists and consultants. Students and practitioners such as lectures, teachers, legislators and their aids in the field of energy will find this book invaluable and a practical handbook or guide in the field of sustainable energy with emphasis on hydrogen as an energy carrier.

Photoelectrochemical Materials and Energy Conversion Processes

Photoelectrochemical Materials and Energy Conversion Processes Book
Author : Richard C. Alkire,Dieter M. Kolb,Jacek Lipkowski,Phil N. Ross
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-01
ISBN : 3527633235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An international group of leading scientists from the field has contributed to the 12th volume in this series, covering a range of different types of solar cells and including a critical comparison of the different techniques available for manufacturing the semiconductors needed. The result is an expert insight the central questions surrounding photovoltaic materials and systems, reflecting the latest developments in this hot and timely green topic.

Nanomaterials Nanotechnologies and Design

Nanomaterials  Nanotechnologies and Design Book
Author : Daniel L. Schodek,Paulo Ferreira,Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-03-24
ISBN : 9780080941530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How could nanotechnology not perk the interest of any designer, engineer or architect? Exploring the intriguing new approaches to design that nanotechnologies offer, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design is set against the sometimes fantastic sounding potential of this technology. Nanotechnology offers product engineers, designers, architects and consumers a vastly enhanced palette of materials and properties, ranging from the profound to the superficial. It is for engineering and design students and professionals who need to understand enough about the subject to apply it with real meaning to their own work. * World-renowned author team address the hot-topic of nanotechnology * The first book to address and explore the impacts and opportunities of nanotech for mainstream designers, engineers and architects * Full colour production and excellent design: guaranteed to appeal to everyone concerned with good design and the use of new materials

Sun Tracking and Solar Renewable Energy Harvesting

Sun Tracking and Solar Renewable Energy Harvesting Book
Author : Gerro Prinsloo,Robert Dobson
Publisher : Gerro Prinsloo
Release : 2015-11-02
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Free to download eBook on Practical Solar Tracking Design, Solar Tracking, Sun Tracking, Sun Tracker, Solar Tracker, Follow Sun, Sun Position calculation (Azimuth, Elevation, Zenith), Sun following, Sunrise, Sunset, Moon-phase, Moonrise, Moonset calculators. In harnessing power from the sun through a solar tracker or solar tracking system, renewable energy system developers require automatic solar tracking software and solar position algorithms. On-axis sun tracking system such as the altitude-azimuth dual axis or multi-axis solar tracker systems use a sun tracking algorithm or ray tracing sensors or software to ensure the sun's passage through the sky is traced with high precision in automated solar tracker applications, right through summer solstice, solar equinox and winter solstice. Eco Friendly and Environmentally Sustainable Micro Combined Solar Heat and Power (m-CHP, m-CCHP, m-CHCP) with Microgrid Storage and Layered Smartgrid Control towards Supplying Off-Grid Rural Villages in developing BRICS countries such as Africa, India, China and Brazil. Off-grid rural villages and isolated islands areas require mCHP and trigeneration solar power plants and associated isolated smart microgrid solutions to serve the community energy needs. This article describes the development progress for such a system, also referred to as solar polygeneration. The system includes a sun tracker mechanism wherin a parabolic dish or lenses are guided by a light sensitive mechanique in a way that the solar receiver is always at right angle to the solar radiation. Solar thermal energy is then either converted into electrical energy through a free piston Stirling, or stored in a thermal storage container. The project includes the thermodynamic modeling of the plant in Matlab Simulink as well as the development of an intelligent control approach that includes smart microgrid distribution and optimization. The book includes aspects in the simulation and optimization of stand-alone hybrid renewable energy systems and co-generation in isolated or islanded microgrids. It focusses on the stepwise development of a hybrid solar driven micro combined cooling heating and power (mCCHP) compact trigeneration polygeneration and thermal energy storage (TES) system with intelligent weather prediction, weak-ahead scheduling (time horizon), and look-ahead dispatch on integrated smart microgrid distribution principles. The solar harvesting and solar thermodynamic system includes an automatic sun tracking platform based on a PLC controlled mechatronic sun tracking system that follows the sun progressing across the sky. An intelligent energy management and adaptive learning control optimization approach is proposed for autonomous off-grid remote power applications, both for thermodynamic optimization and smart micro-grid optimization for distributed energy resources (DER). The correct resolution of this load-following multi objective optimization problem is a complex task because of the high number and multi-dimensional variables, the cross-correlation and interdependency between the energy streams as well as the non-linearity in the performance of some of the system components. Exergy-based control approaches for smartgrid topologies are considered in terms of the intelligence behind the safe and reliable operation of a microgrid in an automated system that can manage energy flow in electrical as well as thermal energy systems. The standalone micro-grid solution would be suitable for a rural village, intelligent building, district energy system, campus power, shopping mall centre, isolated network, eco estate or remote island application setting where self-generation and decentralized energy system concepts play a role. Discrete digital simulation models for the thermodynamic and active demand side management systems with digital smartgrid control unit to optimize the system energy management is currently under development. Parametric simulation models for this trigeneration system (polygeneration, poligeneration, quadgeneration) are developed on the Matlab Simulink and TrnSys platforms. In terms of model predictive coding strategies, the automation controller will perform multi-objective cost optimization for energy management on a microgrid level by managing the generation and storage of electrical, heat and cooling energies in layers. Each layer has its own set of smart microgrid priorities associated with user demand side cycle predictions. Mixed Integer Linear Programming and Neural network algorithms are being modeled to perform Multi Objective Control optimization as potential optimization and adaptive learning techniques.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 0128131969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Light Water Hydrogen

Light  Water  Hydrogen Book
Author : CRAIG GRIMES,OOMMAN VARGHESE,SUDHIR RANJAN
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-12-03
ISBN : 9780387682389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the field of solar production of hydrogen by water photo-splitting (photoelectrolysis) using semiconductor photoanodes. The emphasis of the discussion is on the use of nanotechnology in the field. The theories behind photocatalysis and photoelectrochemical processes responsible for hydrogen production are given in detail. This provides a state-of-the-art review of the semiconductor materials and methods used for improving the efficiency of the processes. The book also gives an account of the techniques used for making the nanostructures.

Nanowires

Nanowires Book
Author : Anqi Zhang,Gengfeng Zheng,Charles M. Lieber
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 3319419811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive summary of nanowire research in the past decade, from the nanowire synthesis, characterization, assembly, to the device applications. In particular, the developments of complex/modulated nanowire structures, the assembly of hierarchical nanowire arrays, and the applications in the fields of nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, quantum devices, nano-enabled energy, and nano-bio interfaces, are focused. Moreover, novel nanowire building blocks for the future/emerging nanoscience and nanotechnology are also discussed.Semiconducting nanowires represent one of the most interesting research directions in nanoscience and nanotechnology, with capabilities of realizing structural and functional complexity through rational design and synthesis. The exquisite control of chemical composition, morphology, structure, doping and assembly, as well as incorporation with other materials, offer a variety of nanoscale building blocks with unique properties.

Applied Materials and Technologies for Modern Manufacturing

Applied Materials and Technologies for Modern Manufacturing Book
Author : Lai Jiu Zheng,Shinichi Kuroda,Hua Wu Liu,Bing Du,Ju Wei,Yu Ping Zhao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-09-27
ISBN : 3038262692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the Third International Conference on Applied Mechanics, Materials and Manufacturing (ICAMMM 2013), August 24-25, 2013, Dalian, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 587 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Composites; Chapter 2: Micro/Nano Materials; Chapter 3: Iron, Steel, Metals and Metal Alloys; Chapter 4: Polymer; Chapter 5: Biological Materials and Technologies; Chapter 6: Optical Materials and Engineering; Chapter 7: Chemical Engineering; Chapter 8: Mineral Mining and Processing; Chapter 9: Materials Processing Technology; Chapter 10: Building Materials; Chapter 11: Construction Technologies; Chapter 12: Environmental Engineering and Land Planning; Chapter 13: The Basic of Mechanics and Research Methods; Chapter 14: Dynamics, Vibration and Noise; Chapter 15: Solid Mechanics; Chapter 16: Fluid Mechanics; Chapter 17: Biomechanics; Chapter 18: Product Design and Innovative Design Methodology; Chapter 19: Design of Machinery and Mechanisms; Chapter 20: Industrial Engineering and Production Operations Management; Chapter 21: Sensor Technology; Chapter 22: Technologies of Measuring, Testing and Monitoring, Data and Signal Processing; Chapter 23: Electronic Engineering, Embedded System and Information Technologies; Chapter 24: Mechatronics, Robotics and Control, Automation of Manufacture; Chapter 25: Engineering Education; Chapter 26: Related Themes.

Advanced Materials and Computer Science

Advanced Materials and Computer Science Book
Author : Garry Zhu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-04-19
ISBN : 303813497X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this collection of papers was to bring together innovative academics and industrial experts in the field of Advanced Materials and Computer Science, and to gather together their current expertise in this field. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 450 peer-reviewed papers are grouped into the chapters: 1: Advanced Materials and Computer Science - 2: Materials Science and Mechatronics - 3: Automation, Mechatronics and Robotics. Overall, the contents provide a timely guide to the subject.

Information Technology Applications in Industry II

Information Technology Applications in Industry II Book
Author : Prasad Yarlagadda,Su Fen Yang,Keon Myung Lee
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-09-03
ISBN : 3038262455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 2nd International Conference on Information Technology and Management Innovation (ICITMI 2013), July 23-24, 2013, Zhuhai, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 642 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Information Processing and Information Security; Chapter 2: Information Storage and Database System; Chapter 3: Software Engineering; Chapter 4: Computer Networks; Chapter 5: Modern Technologies in Communication and Navigation; Chapter 6: Multimedia Technology; Chapter 7: Data and Signal Processing; Chapter 8: Processing Image and Video; Chapter 9: Applied and Computational Mathematics; Chapter 10: Sensors, Detection Technology and Instrument; Chapter 11: Circuit Theory and Microelectronic Devices and Technologies; Chapter 12: Automation, Control and Mechatronics; Chapter 13: Artificial Intelligence and Optimization Algorithm; Chapter 14: E-commerce, E-government and Management; Chapter 15: Enterprise Resource Planning, Management System and Engineering Management; Chapter 16: Innovative Decisions in Transportation, Supply Chain and Logistic; Chapter 17: Information and Innovation Technologies in Engineering Education; Chapter 18: Applied Research in Materials, Mechanical Engineering and Technologies of Manufacture and Processing; Chapter 19: Applied Biotechnologies.