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Nanostructured Biomaterials For Regenerative Medicine

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Nanostructured Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Vincenzo Guarino,Michele Iafisco,Silvia Spriano
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0081025955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine focuses on the definition of new trends for the design of biomaterials for biomedical applications. It includes the ex novo synthesis as well as technological strategies to manipulate them into appropriate two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) forms, in order to impart all the main physical, chemical, structural and biological properties requested to achieve desired clinical efficacy. This book aims at offering a concise overview of innovative platforms based on nanostructured biomaterials as a function of their chemical nature - established by a consolidated material classification i.e., polymer, ceramics and metals. For each class, emerging bioinspired systems with rapid expansion in the biomedical research area and fabricated via new enabling technologies will be proposed for the use in tissue repair/regeneration and nanomedicine. This book is an essential resource for researchers, academics and professionals interested in the potential of nanostructured biomaterials for regenerative medicine. Classifies materials into three classes for comprehensive discussion Discusses design techniques to create innovative nanostructured biomaterials Looks at enabling technologies and strategies for emerging applications

Engineering Micro and Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cell and Tissue Engineering

Engineering Micro  and Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cell and Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Benjamin Li-Ping Lee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tissue engineering has emerged as a well-investigated research area that aims to ultimately create biological substitutes, ranging from skin replacement to artificial blood vessels, for regenerative medicine applications. It is a multidisciplinary field that integrates knowledge and advancements from biology, materials, chemistry, and many others. Although the goal of tissue engineering is to engineer tissues with structure and function that closely mimic those of native tissues for not only diagnostic and drug testing applications but also repair and replacement of diseased and injured tissues, it provides in-depth understanding of tissue development and morphogenesis, including the intricate biological systems in the body that together operate to direct growth, repair, and death. The general approach of tissue engineering is to use cells, biomaterials, bioactive molecules, or a combination thereof to best recapitulate the properties of native tissues and reconstitute function. Specifically, biomaterial scaffolds play a key role in that their main function is to serving as a basis to interact with and support cells, promoting their attachment and migration while providing a porous and biomimetic microenvironment for mass transport and integration of bioactive factors. Therefore, in order to fabricate implantable scaffolds with properties that emulate the natural extracellular matrix (ECM) in terms of structure and organization, we utilize and implement electrospinning technology. Electrospinning is a versatile technique with immense potential to create cell-instructive scaffolds possessing ECM-like fibrous structures. Because of the ability to tune scaffold structure with respect to physical (i.e. geometry and mechanical properties) and chemical (i.e. retention and presentation of bioactive molecules) features, electrospun scaffolds, which are made from synthetic, natural, or a combination of the two polymers, have demonstrated functional success in an array of tissue engineering applications. In fact, the fibrous network, especially in the nanoscale, possesses high surface-area-to-volume ratio that is favorable for surface modifications to facilitate cell attachment as well as immobilization and covalent conjugation of bioactive molecules. However, one major shortcoming of electrospun scaffolds as a result of such densely packed network of fibers is their small pore size, limiting cell infiltration and tissue ingrowth essential for desired angiogenesis and tissue integration. Thus, electrospun scaffolds with dense fibrous structure and small pore size have not had enormous success in the regeneration of large, more complex tissues that require abundant vascularization and mass transport of oxygen and nutrients. In this dissertation, we attempt to address both the physical and chemical elements of electrospun scaffolds as we engineer novel ways to modulate their structural features and surface chemistry for their utilization in different cell and tissue engineering applications. We focus primarily on micro- and nanostructures, topographical cues, and chemical modifications and their role in enhancing cell infiltration and promoting better tissue integration in terms of angiogenesis in and overall functional performance of implanted scaffolds as well as vascular graft. Specifically, we detail the employment of an ultrafast, femtosecond (FS) laser system as a promising post-fabrication technology to pattern structural features (i.e. through-holes) that influence cell behavior and improve the integration electrospun scaffolds in vivo. We also demonstrate that changes in biophysical factors, such as increasing pore size and porosity via incorporation and removal of sacrificial fibers from composite scaffolds, can not only improve cell infiltration but more importantly regulate stem cell differentiation. Lastly, we show that we can fabricate small-diameter, nanofibrous vascular graft made of Carbosil®, a commercially available polycarbonate-urethane (PCU), via electrospinning and subsequently manipulate its surface properties through plasma treatment and reductive amination to effectively end-point immobilize heparin to reduce surface thrombogenicity while enhancing bioactivity and short-term in vivo performance. In summary, we offer novel design and fabrication of electrospun scaffolds with large pore size and highly porous structure, and vascular grafts with tailored surface chemistry and bioactivity optimal for their biological performance. We demonstrate through our studies that physical and chemical features of not only electrospun scaffolds but implantable biomaterials in general can be engineered and manipulated using post-fabrication processing (i.e. FS laser and tunable surface chemistry) and unique fabrication approaches (i.e. multiple polymers with sacrificial components). Only with ample vascularization and tissue integration will such biomaterial scaffolds regenerate native tissue function and demonstrate success in both simple, such as skin substitutes, as well as complicated, such as artificial heart, tissues and organs for applications in regenerative medicine.

Nanobiomaterials Science Development and Evaluation

Nanobiomaterials Science  Development and Evaluation Book
Author : Mehdi Razavi,Avnesh Thakor
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 9780081009635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research is shifting towards the nanoscale modification of fundamental biomaterials and their characteristics to stimulate new tissue creation and improve prospects in tissue engineering. Tissue engineering using nanobiomaterials is still in its infancy but steps are being made to advance and enhance protocols for clinical applications. Nanobiomaterials science, development and evaluation examines the practical aspects of producing nanostructured biomaterials for a range of applications. With a strong focus on materials such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites, the book also examines nanostructured coatings and toxicology aspects. Chapters in Part 1 look at materials classes and their synthesis with information on all major material groups. Part 2 focusses on nanostructured coatings and practical aspects associated with the use of nanobiomaterials in vivo. This book brings together the work of international contributors, who are actively engaged at the forefront of research in their respective disciplines, and is a valuable resource for materials scientists in academia and industry and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Focuses on the synthesis and evaluation techniques for a range of nanobiomaterials Examines nanostructured inorganic coatings for biomaterials Discusses issues related to the toxicology of nanobiomaterials Presents the practical aspects of nanobiomaterials

Novel Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

Novel Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Heung Jae Chun,Kwideok Park,Chun-Ho Kim,Gilson Khang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-24
ISBN : 9811309477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores in depth a wide range of new biomaterials that hold great promise for applications in regenerative medicine. The opening two sections are devoted to biomaterials designed to direct stem cell fate and regulate signaling pathways. Diverse novel functional biomaterials, including injectable nanocomposite hydrogels, electrosprayed nanoparticles, and waterborne polyurethane-based materials, are then discussed. The fourth section focuses on inorganic biomaterials, such as nanobioceramics, hydroxyapatite, and titanium dioxide. Finally, up-to-date information is provided on a wide range of smart natural biomaterials, ranging from silk fibroin-based scaffolds and collagen type I to chitosan, mussel-inspired biomaterials, and natural polymeric scaffolds. This is one of two books to be based on contributions from leading experts that were delivered at the 2018 Asia University Symposium on Biomedical Engineering in Seoul, Korea – the companion book examines in depth the latest enabling technologies for regenerative medicine.

Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine

Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Leszek A. Dobrzański
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 953513776X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine is addressed to the engineers and mainly medical practitioners as well as scientists and PhD degree students. The book indicates the progress in research and in the implementation of the ever-new biomaterials for the application of the advanced types of prosthesis, implants, scaffolds and implant-scaffolds including personalised ones. The book presents a theoretical approach to the synergy of technical, biological and medical sciences concerning materials and technologies used for medical and dental implantable devices and on metallic biomaterials. The essential contents of the book are 16 case studies provided in each of the chapters, comprehensively describing the authors' accomplishments of numerous teams from different countries across the world in advanced research areas relating to the biomaterials applied in regenerative medicine and dentistry. The detailed information collected in the book, mainly deriving from own and original research and R

Biomaterials and Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine

Biomaterials and Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Murugan Ramalingam,Seeram Ramakrishna,Serena Best
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-03
ISBN : 1439879265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Work in the area of biomaterials and stem cell therapy has revealed great potential for many applications, from the treatment of localized defects and diseases to the repair and replacement of whole organs. Researchers have also begun to develop a better understanding of the cellular environment needed for optimal tissue repair and regeneration. Biomaterials and Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine explores a range of applications for biomaterials and stem cell therapy and describes recent research on suitable cell scaffolds and substrates for tissue repair and reconstruction. Featuring contributions by experts in the field, the book explores important scientific and clinical aspects. It covers the basic science involved in structure and properties, techniques and technological innovations in processing and characterization, and applications of biomaterials and stem cells. Topics include: Polymeric systems for stem cell delivery The potential of membranes and porous scaffolds in tissue repair, including myocardial, periodontal, ophthalmic, and bone tissues The optimization of the interaction between stem cells and biomaterial substrates The source and nature of stem cells for tissue engineering applications The clinical translation of stem cell–based tissue engineering for regenerative medicine From fundamental principles to recent advances at the macro, micro, nano, and molecular scales, the book brings together current knowledge on biomaterials and stem cells in the context of regenerative medicine. It also stimulates discussion about future research directions. This unique book offers a valuable benchmark for the current status of clinically relevant research and development in stem cells and regenerative medicine. It bridges the gaps in experimental approaches and understanding among the materials science and engineering, biological sciences, and biomedical science and engineering communities, making it a valuable reference for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners working in the multidisciplinary field of biomedical research.

Nanotechnology and Regenerative Engineering

Nanotechnology and Regenerative Engineering Book
Author : Cato T. Laurencin,Lakshmi S. Nair
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-10-28
ISBN : 1466585374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology and regenerative engineering have emerged to the forefront as the most versatile and innovative technologies to foster novel therapeutic techniques and strategies of the twenty-first century. The first edition of Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering: The Scaffold was the first comprehensive source to explain the developments in nanostructured biomaterials for tissue engineering, the relevance of nanostructured materials in tissue regeneration, and the current applications of nanostructured scaffolds for engineering various tissues. This fully revised second edition, renamed Nanotechnology and Regenerative Engineering: The Scaffold, provides a thorough update to the existing material, bringing together these two unique areas to give a perspective of the emerging therapeutic strategies for a wide audience. New coverage includes: Updated discussion of the importance of scaffolds in tissue engineering Exploration of cellular interactions at the nanoscale Complete range of fabrication processes capable of developing nanostructured scaffolds for regenerative engineering Applications of nanostructured scaffolds for neural, skin, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal regenerative engineering FDA approval process of nanostructure scaffolds Products based on nanostructured scaffolds Due to the unique and tissue-mimic properties of the nanostructured scaffolds, the past five years have seen a tremendous growth in nanostructured materials for biological applications. The revised work presents the current state-of-the-art developments in nanostructured scaffolds for regenerative engineering.

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Peter X. Ma
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-07-24
ISBN : 1139991906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by world-leading experts, this book focusses on the role of biomaterials in stem cell research and regenerative medicine. Emphasising basic principles and methodology, it covers stem cell interactions, fabrication technologies, design principles, physical characterisation and biological evaluation, across a broad variety of systems and biomaterials. Topics include: stem cell biology, including embryonic stem cells, IPS, HSC and progenitor cells; modern scaffold structures, including biopolymer, bioceramic, micro- and nanofiber, ECM and biohydrogel; advanced fabrication technologies, including computer-aided tissue engineering and organ printing; cutting-edge drug delivery systems and gene therapy techniques; and medical applications spanning hard and soft tissues, the cardiovascular system and organ regeneration. With a contribution by Nobel laureate Shinya Yamanaka, this is a must-have reference for anyone in the field of biomaterials, stem cell biology and engineering, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Ketul Popat
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-11-22
ISBN : 9781439801420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although nanotechnology applied to medicine has a potentially huge impact on drug delivery and tissue engineering, significant challenges need to be resolved before clinically viable nanomedicine or nanobiomedicine therapies will be available. Skillfully edited, with contributions from an expert panel of researchers, Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discusses the use of nanotechnology for medical applications with a focus on its use for drug delivery and tissue engineering. It sheds light on the challenges facing the field and examines cutting-edge research that may provide solutions. Topics covered include: Patterning of biomimetic substrates with AFM lithography, primarily focusing on DPN Nanotemplating polymer melts Nanotechnology-based approaches in the treatment of injuries to tendons and ligaments Progress in the use of electrospinning processing techniques for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds for neural applications Nanotopography techniques for tissue-engineered scaffolds and the effects of nanotopography on cells and tissues Vertically aligned TiO2 nanotube surface structuring for optimization of Ti implants utilizing nanotechnology Applications originating from the harmony of nanotechnology to biological systems, especially for the regeneration in the nervous system Current understanding of the mechanisms by which cells sense nano-scale structure at the molecular level and how this understanding can be useful in developing novel antifouling materials While there are books available on tissue engineering and nanotechnology and others about regenerative medicine, most do not comprehensively cover applications of nanotechnology to both these areas. Focusing chiefly on drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine, the book uses an application-based approach to relate laboratory-based research to the development of technologies that can be readily adaptable to an industrial environment.

Biomaterials in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Biomaterials in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Birru Bhaskar,Parcha Sreenivasa Rao,Naresh Kasoju,Vasagiri Nagarjuna,Rama Raju Baadhe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-29
ISBN : 9811600023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively explores the basic concepts and applications of biomaterials in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The book is divided into four sections; the first section deals with the basic concepts and different types of biomaterials used in tissue engineering. The second section discusses the functional requirements and types of materials that are used in developing state-of-the-art of scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The third section presents the applications of biomaterials for hard and soft tissue engineering, as well as for specialized tissue engineering. The last section addresses the future prospects of nanobiomaterials, intelligent biomaterials, and 3D bioprinting biomaterials in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It also discusses various in vitro disease models for tissue bioengineering and regenerative medicine. As such, it offers a valuable resource for students, researchers, scientists, entrepreneurs, and medical/healthcare professionals.

Biomaterials for Artificial Organs

Biomaterials for Artificial Organs Book
Author : Michael Lysaght,Thomas J Webster
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-12-20
ISBN : 0857090844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The worldwide demand for organ transplants far exceeds available donor organs. Consequently some patients die whilst waiting for a transplant. Synthetic alternatives are therefore imperative to improve the quality of, and in some cases, save people’s lives. Advances in biomaterials have generated a range of materials and devices for use either outside the body or through implantation to replace or assist functions which may have been lost through disease or injury. Biomaterials for artificial organs reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs. Part one discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and plasmafilters, titanium and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees, polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements, biomaterials for pacemakers, defibrillators and neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valves. Part two goes on to investigate advanced and next generation biomaterials including small intestinal submucosa and other decullarized matrix biomaterials for tissue repair, new ceramics and composites for joint replacement surgery, biomaterials for improving the blood and tissue compatibility of total artificial hearts (TAH) and ventricular assist devices (VAD), nanostructured biomaterials for artificial tissues and organs and matrices for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors Biomaterials for artificial organs is an invaluable resource to researchers, scientists and academics concerned with the advancement of artificial organs. Reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs Discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees and polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements Further biomaterials utilised in pacemakers, defibrillators, neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valve are also explored

Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Gustav Steinhoff
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-04
ISBN : 9048190754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regenerative Medicine is a fastly emerging interdisciplinary field of research and clinical therapies on the repair, replacement or regeneration of cells, tissues or organs in congenital or acquired disease. This new field of research and clinical development focussing on stem cell science and regenerative biology is just starting to be the most fascinating and controversial medical development at the dawn of the 21st century. Viewing the great expectations to restructure and regenerate tissue, organs or organisms the current attempts of scientist and physicians are still in an early phase of development. This new textbook on “Regenerative Medicine – from protocol to patient” is aiming to explain the scientific knowledge and emerging technology as well as the clinical application in different organ systems and diseases. The international leading experts from four continents describe the latest scientific and clinical knowledge of the field of “Regenerative Medicine”. The process of translating science of laboratory protocols into therapies is explained in sections on basic science, clinical translation, regulatory, ethical and industrial issues. The textbook is aiming to give the student, the researcher, the health care professional, the physician, and the patient a complete survey on the current scientific basis, therapeutical protocols, clinical translation and practised therapies in Regenerative Medicine.

NanoScience in Biomedicine

NanoScience in Biomedicine Book
Author : Donglu Shi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-05
ISBN : 3540496610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NanoScience in Biomedicine provides up-to-date information in the frontier fields of nano biomedicine focusing on basic concepts and recent developments in many topical areas including particular nanomaterials synthesis, field emission of carbon nanotubes, flexible dye-sensitized nano-porous films, magnetic nanofluids, and intrinsically electroconducting nanoparticles. Novel methods of synthesizing nanoscale biomaterials and their applications in biomedicine are also included such as nano-sized materials for drug delivery, bioactive molecules for regenerative medicine, nanoscale mechanisms for assembly of biomaterials, and nanostructured materials constructed from polypeptides. This book is organized in three parts: Part I introduces most recent developments in all aspects of design, synthesis, properties, and applications of nanoscale biomaterials. Part II focuses on novel nanotechnologies in biomedicine. Part III includes some of the new developments of nanomaterials’ synthesis and recent studies on nanostructure-properties relationships. The book comprehensively addresses the most critical issues in a tutorial manner so that technical non-specialists and students in both biomedical sciences and engineering will be able to benefit. All chapters are contributed by internationally recognized scholars. Dr. Donglu Shi is a professor at the Chemical and Materials Engineering Department, University of Cincinnati, USA.

Nanoengineering in Musculoskeletal Regeneration

Nanoengineering in Musculoskeletal Regeneration Book
Author : Mehdi Razavi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08
ISBN : 0128202629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regenerative medicine focuses on using stem cell biology to advance medical therapies for devastating disorders. Musculoskeletal degeneration and complications from injuries have become more prevalent as people live longer and increasingly participate in rigorous athletic and recreational activities. Additionally, defects in skeletal tissues may immobilize people and cause inflammation and pain. Musculoskeletal regeneration research provides solutions to repair, restore or replace skeletal elements and associated tissues that are affected by acute injury, chronic degeneration, genetic dysfunction and cancer-related defects. The goal of musculoskeletal regeneration medicine research is to improve quality of life and outcomes for people with musculoskeletal injury or degradation. Nanoengineering in Musculoskeletal Regeneration provides the reader an updated summary of therapeutic pipeline from biomedical discovery to clinical implementation, improving treatments for patients with conditions of the muscles, tendons, cartilage, meniscus and bone. This text presents novel, significant, and interdisciplinary theoretical and experimental results related to nanoscience and nanotechnology in the musculoskeletal regeneration. Content includes basic, translational, and clinical research addressing musculoskeletal repair and regeneration for the treatment of diseases and injuries of the skeleton and its associated tissues.

Tissue Regeneration Where Nano structure Meets Biology

Tissue Regeneration  Where Nano structure Meets Biology Book
Author : Qing Liu,Hongjun Wang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2014-01-03
ISBN : 9814494852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique volume presents the recent advances in tissue regeneration. The authors are all active researchers in their respective fields with extensive experiences. The focus of the book is on the use of stem cells and nano-structured biomaterials for tissue regeneration/tissue engineering. It includes the use of stem cells, naturally derived extracellular matrix (ECM), synthetic biomimetic nano-fibers, synthetic nano-structured ceramics and synthetic nano-structured polymer/ceramic composites that can help/promote tissue regeneration. Methods on how to produce these nano-structured biomaterials are also discussed in several chapters. Future challenges and perspectives in the field of regenerative medicine (tissue regeneration) are also discussed.

Biomaterials and Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials and Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Emeka Arendse
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-02
ISBN : 9781681177205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomaterials and Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering book written by Emeka Arendse, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Calcium Orthophosphates

Calcium Orthophosphates Book
Author : Sergey V. Dorozhkin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-06-04
ISBN : 9814364177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to a great chemical similarity with the biological calcified tissues, many calcium orthophosphates possess remarkable biocompatibility and bioactivity. Materials scientists use this property extensively to construct artificial bone grafts that are either entirely made of or only surface-coated with the biologically relevant calcium orthophosphates. Porous scaffolds made of calcium orthophosphates are very promising tools for tissue engineering applications. A comprehensive overview of calcium orthophosphates, this book highlights their importance and biomedical uses.

Biomaterial Applications

Biomaterial Applications Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Weimin Yang,Snigdha S. Babu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 1482252767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a variety of recent research on natural polymers, biomaterials, composites, and their applications. It provides valuable insights into the developments that arose with the merger between biological and polymeric materials that have led to many technological and commercial developments. The extensive research being conducted in the

Nanostructured Polymers and Carbon Nanomaterial polymer Composites for Bladder Tissue Engineering

Nanostructured Polymers and Carbon Nanomaterial polymer Composites for Bladder Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Young Wook Chun,Brown University. Division of Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interaction between bladder cells or tissues and synthetic materials which mimic the natural bladder environment has been a matter of great interest in bladder tissue engineering. In particular, surface properties of biomaterials have been optimized using nanotechnology to improve interactions with bladder cells for regenerative medicine applications. Specifically, in vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated greater bladder tissue growth on polymeric surfaces with nanoscale to submicron surface features. Improved bladder cell responses on nanostructured polymers has been correlated to unique nanomaterial surface features leading to greater surface energy which influences initial protein interactions. Moreover, coupled with the observed greater in vitro and in vivo bladder cell adhesion as well as proliferation on nano-structured compared to conventional synthetic polymers, decreased calcium stone formation has also been measured. Here ... the importance of nanostructured biomaterial surface features for bladder tissue replacement is suggested with thoughts on future directions for bladder tissue engineering field.

Nanohybrids

Nanohybrids Book
Author : Gaurav Sharma,Alberto García-Peñas
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 1644901072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book covers preparation, designing and utilization of nanohybrid materials for biomedical applications. These materials can improve the effectiveness of drugs, promote high cell growth in new scaffolds, and lead to biodegradable surgical sutures. The use of hybrid magneto-plasmonic nanoparticles may lead to non-invasive therapies. The most promising materials are based on silica nanostructures, polymers, bioresorbable metals, liposomes, biopolymeric electrospun nanofibers, graphene, and gelatin. Much research focuses on the development of biomaterials for cell regeneration and wound healing applications. Keywords: Biomedical Materials, Cell Growth, Cell Regeneration, Wound Healing, Surgical Sutures, Non-invasive Therapies , Drug Transport, Tissue Engineering, Cardiovascular Implants, Fracture Repair Implants, Biodegradable Materials, Hybrid Magneto-plasmonic Nanoparticles, Silica Nanostructures, Polymers, Bioresorbable Metals, Liposomes, Biopolymeric Electrospun Nanofibers, Graphene, Gelatin-based Hydrogels.