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Nanosilicon

Nanosilicon Book
Author : Anatoly A. Ischenko,Gennady V. Fetisov,Leonid A. Aslalnov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-23
ISBN : 1466594225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanosilicon: Properties, Synthesis, Applications, Methods of Analysis and Control examines the latest developments on the physics and chemistry of nanosilicon. The book focuses on methods for producing nanosilicon, its electronic and optical properties, research methods to characterize its spectral and structural properties, and its possible applications. The first part of the book covers the basic properties of semiconductors, including causes of the size dependence of the properties, structural and electronic properties, and physical characteristics of the various forms of silicon. It presents theoretical and experimental research results as well as examples of porous silicon and quantum dots. The second part discusses the synthesis of nanosilicon, modification of the surface of nanoparticles, and properties of the resulting particles. The authors give special attention to the photoluminescence of silicon nanoparticles. The third part describes methods used for studying and controlling the structure and properties of nanocrystalline silicon. These methods include standard ones, such as electron microscopy, spectroscopy, and diffraction, as well as novel techniques, such as femtosecond spectroscopy, ultrafast electron nanocrystallography, and dynamic transmission electron microscopy. The fourth part details some of the practical applications of nanocrystalline silicon, including the use of nanoparticles as additives–absorbers of UV radiation in sunscreens. Incorporating much of the authors’ own extensive research results, this book provides a systematic account of the scientific problems of nanosilicon and its potential practical applications. It will help readers understand current and emerging applications and research methods of this unique material.

Nanosilicon

Nanosilicon Book
Author : Vijay Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 9780080549514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Properties of nanosilicon in the form of nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, and as porous material are of great interest. They can be used in finding suitable components for future miniature devices, and for the more exciting possibilities of novel optoelectronic applications due to bright luminescence from porous silicon, nanoparticles and nanowires. New findings from research into metal encapsulated clusters, silicon fullerenes and nanotubes have opened up a new paradigm in nanosilicon research and this could lead to large scale production of nanoparticles with control on size and shape as well as novel quasi one-dimensional structures. There are possibilities of using silicon as an optical material and in the development of a silicon laser. In Nanosilicon, leading experts cover state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical advances in the different forms of nanosilicon. Furthermore, applications of nanosilicon to single electron transistors, as photonic material, chemical and biological sensors at molecular scale, and silicon nanowire devices are also discussed. Self-assemblies of silicon nanoforms are important for applications. These developments are also related to cage structures of silicon in clathrates. With an interesting focus on the bottlenecks in the advancement of silicon based technology, this book provides a much-needed overview of the current state of understanding of nanosilicon research. Latest developments in nanoparticles, nanowires and nanotubes of silicon Focus on nanosilicon - a very timely subject attracting large interest Novel chapters on metal encapsulated silicon clusters and nanotubes

Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines

Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines Book
Author : Munir H. Nayfeh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 0323480586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines: Current and Future Trends addresses current and future trends in the application and commercialization of nanosilicon. The book presents current, innovative and prospective applications and products based on nanosilicon and their binary system in the fields of energy harvesting and storage, lighting (solar cells and nano-capacitor and fuel cell devices and nanoLEDs), electronics (nanotransistors and nanomemory, quantum computing, photodetectors for space applications; biomedicine (substance detection, plasmonic treatment of disease, skin and hair care, implantable glucose sensor, capsules for drug delivery and underground water and oil exploration), and art (glass and pottery). Moreover, the book includes material on the use of advanced laser and proximal probes for imaging and manipulation of nanoparticles and atoms. In addition, coverage is given to carbon and how it contrasts and integrates with silicon with additional related applications. This is a valuable resource to all those seeking to learn more about the commercialization of nanosilicon, and to researchers wanting to learn more about emerging nanosilicon applications. Features a variety of designs and operation of nano-devices, helping engineers to make the best use of nanosilicon Contains underlying principles of how nanomaterials work and the variety of applications they provide, giving those new to nanosilicon a fundamental understanding Assesses the viability of various nanoslicon devices for mass production and commercialization, thereby providing an important source of information for engineers

Frontiers of Multifunctional Nanosystems

Frontiers of Multifunctional Nanosystems Book
Author : Eugenia V. Buzaneva,Peter Scharff
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-05-31
ISBN : 9781402005602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Frontiers in Molecular-Scale Science and Technology of Fullerence, Nanotube, Nanosilicon, Biopolymer (DNA, Protein) Multifunctional Nanosystems, Kyiv, Ukraine, 9-12 September 2001

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : Zainal Arifin Ahmad,M.A. Yarmo,Fauziah Abdul Aziz,Meor Yusoff Meor Sulaiman,Badrol Ahmad,Khairul Nizar Ismail,Abdul Rashid Jamaludin,Muhammad Azwadi Sulaiman,Mohd Fariz Ab Rahman
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-10-24
ISBN : 3038137618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 104 peer-reviewed papers included here were selected from those presented at the International Conference on Nanomaterials Synthesis and Characterization (INSC2011) held at the Mines Wellness Hotel, Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia from the 4th to 5th July 2011. The volume mainly covers the synthesis of nanomaterials and related researches and will bring the reader fully up to date with these topics.

Advances in Diagnostics and Screening Research and Application 2012 Edition

Advances in Diagnostics and Screening Research and Application  2012 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-12-26
ISBN : 146499434X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Diagnostics and Screening Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Diagnostics and Screening. The editors have built Advances in Diagnostics and Screening Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Diagnostics and Screening in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Diagnostics and Screening Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Silicon Nanomaterials Sourcebook

Silicon Nanomaterials Sourcebook Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1351649590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive tutorial guide to silicon nanomaterials spans from fundamental properties, growth mechanisms, and processing of nanosilicon to electronic device, energy conversion and storage, biomedical, and environmental applications. It also presents core knowledge with basic mathematical equations, tables, and graphs in order to provide the reader with the tools necessary to understand the latest technology developments. From low-dimensional structures, quantum dots, and nanowires to hybrid materials, arrays, networks, and biomedical applications, this Sourcebook is a complete resource for anyone working with this materials: Covers fundamental concepts, properties, methods, and practical applications. Focuses on one important type of silicon nanomaterial in every chapter. Discusses formation, properties, and applications for each material. Written in a tutorial style with basic equations and fundamentals included in an extended introduction. Highlights materials that show exceptional properties as well as strong prospects for future applications. Klaus D. Sattler is professor physics at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, having earned his PhD at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. He was honored with the Walter Schottky Prize from the German Physical Society, and is the editor of the sister work also published by Taylor & Francis, Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook, as well as the acclaimed multi-volume Handbook of Nanophysics.

Silicon Nanocrystals

Silicon Nanocrystals Book
Author : Lorenzo Pavesi,Rasit Turan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-02-02
ISBN : 9783527629961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique collection of knowledge represents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental and practical consequences of size reduction in silicon crystals. This clearly structured reference introduces readers to the optical, electrical and thermal properties of silicon nanocrystals that arise from their greatly reduced dimensions. It covers their synthesis and characterization from both chemical and physical viewpoints, including ion implantation, colloidal synthesis and vapor deposition methods. A major part of the text is devoted to applications in microelectronics as well as photonics and nanobiotechnology, making this of great interest to the high-tech industry.

Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Biopolymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Alain Dufresne,Sabu Thomas,Laly A. Pothan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 1118609905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array of useful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only are they green and sustainable materials, they can also be used to develop a broad range of useful products with special properties, from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. With contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists and materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews the most recent developments and techniques in biopolymer nano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing, properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocomposites developed from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewable resources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organization and approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantage of the latest science and technology in designing these materials and developing new products and applications. It begins with a chapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites. Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-based nanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-based bionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles and their composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrial applications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities in developing and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There are also plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts and techniques. Exploring the full range of applications, Biopolymer Nanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad range of industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering, materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer science. All readers will learn how to create green, sustainable products and applications using these tremendously versatile materials.

Material Researches and Energy Engineering

Material Researches and Energy Engineering Book
Author : Yi Jin Wu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-09-04
ISBN : 303826170X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Future Energy & Materials Research (FEMR 2013), 1-2 June, 2013, Singapore

Biotechnology for Agro Industrial Residues Utilisation

Biotechnology for Agro Industrial Residues Utilisation Book
Author : Poonam Singh-Nee Nigam,Ashok Pandey
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-05-19
ISBN : 1402099428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Residues from agriculture and the food industry consist of many and varied wastes, in total accounting for over 250 million tonnes of waste per year in the UK alone. Biotechnological processing of these residues would allow these waste products to be used as a resource, with tremendous potential. An extensive range of valuable and usable products can be recovered from what was previously considered waste: including fuels, feeds and pharmaceutical products. In this way Biotechnology can offer many viable alternatives to the disposal of agricultural waste, producing several new products in the process. This book presents up-to-date information on a biotechnology approach for the utilisation of agro-industrial residues, presenting chapters with detailed information on materials and bioconversion technology to obtain products of economic importance: The production of industrial products using agro-industrial residues as substrates The biotechnological potential of agro-industrial residues for bioprocesses Enzymes degrading agro-industrial residues and their production Bioconversion of agro-industrial residues. Written by experts in Biotechnological processing of Agro-Industrial Residues, this book will provide useful information for academic researchers and industry scientists working in biotechnology, waste management, agriculture and the food industry.

Modern Technologies for Engineering Applied Mechanics and Material Science

Modern Technologies for Engineering  Applied Mechanics and Material Science Book
Author : D. Sujan,Reddy M. Mohan
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-06-30
ISBN : 3038265411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Technology (ICMST 2014), June 7-8, 2014, Sarawek, Malaysia. The 49 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Advanced Materials Engineering and Technological Processes, Chapter 2: Applied Mechanics and its Applications in Civil Engineering, Chapter 3: Modern Technologies for Modelling, Simulation and Automation, Instrumentation, Measurement and Control Technologies, Chapter 4: Product Design and Development, Industrial Engineering

Multi Functional Materials and Structures II

Multi Functional Materials and Structures II Book
Author : Yan Sheng Yin,Xin Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2009-08-31
ISBN : 3038132977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the rapid development of science and technology, the functionalization of structural materials, and the structurization of functional materials are attracting increasing attention in the scientific and engineering fields. The development of multi-functional materials and structures (MFMS), at the micro- and nano-scale levels, has grown rapidly due to the requirement of increasing safety margins for all infrastructure, biomedical and engineering elements. Multi-functional material systems are capable of performing multiple “primary” functions, simultaneously or sequentially in time, and are specially designed to improve system performance via a reduction in the redundancy between sub-system materials and functions.

Applications of Engineering Materials

Applications of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Jing Long Bu,Peng Cheng Wang,Li Qun Ai,Xiao Ming Sang,Yun Gang Li
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-07-04
ISBN : 3038136220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the subject areas of new functional materials, building materials, new energy materials, environmental catalysis and environment-friendly materials, earthquake-resistant structures, materials and design, biomaterials, chemical materials, thin films, hydrogen and fuel cell science, engineering and technology, textile materials, smart/intelligent materials/intelligent systems and other related topics. An invaluable guide to the topics.

Technology Evolution for Silicon Nano Electronics

Technology Evolution for Silicon Nano Electronics Book
Author : Seiichi Miyazaki,Hitoshi Tabata
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-02-21
ISBN : 3038134945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Silicon ultra-large scale integrated circuits (ULSIs) are now faced with various physical limits to further scaling. Therefore, it is very important to establish the fundamental science and technology required to produce nano-scale complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor devices (Nano-CMOS) having high performance, new functionalities and larger-scale integration. The scope of this book covers: - Nano-scale complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor devices (Nano-CMOS), - Novel functional devices, materials, and nanoprocessing technologies, - Nano-bio physics and technologies for future nano devices, - Variability control technologies and Signal integrity. This makes it a very useful handbook on the subject.

Materials Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Research Advances 1 1

Materials  Industrial  and Manufacturing Engineering Research Advances 1 1 Book
Author : Denni Kurniawan
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-12-04
ISBN : 3038263176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 1st International Materials, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Conference (MIMEC 2013), December 4 – 6, 2013, Johor Bahru, Malaysia. The 187 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Engineering; Chapter 2: Industrial Engineering; Chapter 3: Manufacturing Engineering