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Nanoscale Processing

Nanoscale Processing Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 0128205709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscale Processing outlines recent advances in processing techniques for a range of nanomaterial types. New developments in the processing of nanostructured materials are being applied in diverse fields. This book offers in-depth information and analysis of a range of processing techniques for nanostructures, and also covers nanocharacterization aspects thoroughly. Topics covered include zero dimensional nanostructures, nanostructured biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures, polymeric and liposomal nanostructures, and quantum dots. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers looking to learn more about a variety of processing techniques for various nanomaterial classes, for use in both the industrial and biomedical sectors. Explains major nanoscale processing techniques, outlining in which situations each should be used Discuses a range of nanomaterial classes, including nanobiomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, optical nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials Explores the challenges of using certain processing techniques for certain classes of nanomaterial

Micro and Nanoscale Laser Processing of Hard Brittle Materials

Micro and Nanoscale Laser Processing of Hard Brittle Materials Book
Author : Jiwang Yan,Nozomi Takayama
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-12
ISBN : 0128168803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro and Nanoscale Laser Processing of Hard Brittle Materials examines general laser-material interactions within this type of material, focusing on the nanoprocessing technologies that these phenomena have given rise to. Sections cover laser machining, healing, recovery, sintering, surface modification, texturing and microstructuring. These technologies all benefit from the characteristics of laser processing, its highly localized heating ability, and its well-defined optical properties. The book also describes frontier applications of the developed technologies, thus further emphasizing the possibility of processing hard brittle materials into complex structures with functional surfaces at both the micro and nanoscale. Provides readers with a solid understanding of laser-material interactions Helps readers choose suitable laser parameters for processing hard brittle materials Demonstrates how micro and nanoscale laser processing can be used to machine brittle materials without fracture

Comprehensive Materials Processing

Comprehensive Materials Processing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-04-07
ISBN : 0080965334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Materials Processing provides students and professionals with a one-stop resource consolidating and enhancing the literature of the materials processing and manufacturing universe. It provides authoritative analysis of all processes, technologies, and techniques for converting industrial materials from a raw state into finished parts or products. Assisting scientists and engineers in the selection, design, and use of materials, whether in the lab or in industry, it matches the adaptive complexity of emergent materials and processing technologies. Extensive traditional article-level academic discussion of core theories and applications is supplemented by applied case studies and advanced multimedia features. Coverage encompasses the general categories of solidification, powder, deposition, and deformation processing, and includes discussion on plant and tool design, analysis and characterization of processing techniques, high-temperatures studies, and the influence of process scale on component characteristics and behavior. Authored and reviewed by world-class academic and industrial specialists in each subject field Practical tools such as integrated case studies, user-defined process schemata, and multimedia modeling and functionality Maximizes research efficiency by collating the most important and established information in one place with integrated applets linking to relevant outside sources

Laser Growth and Processing of Photonic Devices

Laser Growth and Processing of Photonic Devices Book
Author : Nikolaos A Vainos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-10
ISBN : 0857096222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of lasers in the processing of electronic and photonic material is becoming increasingly widespread, with technological advances reducing costs and increasing both the quality and range of novel devices which can be produced. Laser growth and processing of photonic devices is the first book to review this increasingly important field. Part one investigates laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures, with pulsed laser deposition techniques, the formation of nanocones and the fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures explored in detail. Laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring are the focus of part two. Exploration of multiphoton lithography, processing and fabrication is followed by consideration of laser-based micro- and nano-fabrication, laser-induced soft matter organization and microstructuring, and laser-assisted polymer joining methods. The book concludes in part three with an investigation into laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices. Laser seeding and thermal processing of glass with nanoscale resolution, laser-induced refractive index manipulation, and the thermal writing of photonic devices in glass and polymers are all considered. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Laser growth and processing of photonic devices is an essential tool for all materials scientists, engineers and researchers in the microelectronics industry. The first book to review the increasingly important field of laser growth and processing of photonic devices Investigates laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures, pulsed laser deposition techniques, the formation of nanocones and the fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures Examines laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring and concludes with an investigation into laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices

Dielectrics for Nanosystems 4 Materials Science Processing Reliability and Manufacturing

Dielectrics for Nanosystems 4  Materials Science  Processing  Reliability  and Manufacturing Book
Author : D. Misra
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2010-04
ISBN : 1566777925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of ECS Transactions outlines the dielectric issues in all areas of nanosystems including the traditional areas of semiconductor processing and packaging of nanoelectronics. Various other areas, where multifunctional device integration through innovation in design, materials, and processing at the device and system level will lead to new applications of nanosystems, like electronic, optical, magnetic, mechanical, biological, chemical, energy sources, and various types of sensing devices will be included.

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing Book
Author : Robert W. Field,Erika Bekassy-Molnar,Frank Lipnizki,Gyula Vatai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-26
ISBN : 1420083643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing presents an overview and introduction to a wide range of membrane processes, their unique characteristics and challenges. In the food industry, as in many industries, membranes have an environmental advantage over conventional processes that they displace, because they are less energy intensive. The processing at near-ambient conditions also retains flavors and nutritional value. These advantages, together with significant reductions in the cost of membrane modules, augers well for their future not only in the dairy industry but in other parts of the food industry, such as alcohol processing, animal product processing, and fruit and vegetable processing. Chapters address a wide range of membranes separations in the food and beverage industries, and applications are provided that will be of value not only to food engineers but also to process engineers working in other areas. The processing of food is now a highly interdisciplinary science, and anyone concerned with food processing will benefit from reading this book and understanding what membrane processes of the twenty-first century have to offer.

Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies

Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies Book
Author : Suvendu Bhattacharya
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-17
ISBN : 111840632X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food processing technologies are an essential link in the food chain. These technologies are many and varied, changing in popularity with changing consumption patterns and product popularity. Newer process technologies are also being evolved to provide the added advantages. Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies fuses the practical (application, machinery), theoretical (model, equation) and cutting-edge (recent trends), making it ideal for industrial, academic and reference use. It consists of two sections, one covering conventional or well-established existing processes and the other covering emerging or novel process technologies that are expected to be employed in the near future for the processing of foods in the commercial sector. All are examined in great detail, considering their current and future applications with added examples and the very latest data. Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies is a comprehensive treatment of the current state of knowledge on food processing technology. In its extensive coverage, and the selection of reputed research scientists who have contributed to each topic, this book will be a definitive text in this field for students, food professionals and researchers.

Ultrafast Laser Processing

Ultrafast Laser Processing Book
Author : Koji Sugioka,Ya Cheng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-06-24
ISBN : 9814303690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past few decades, the rapid development of ultrafast lasers, such as femtosecond lasers and picosecond lasers, has opened up new avenues for material processing due to their unique features such as ultrashort pulse width and extremely high peak intensity. These techniques have become a common tool for micro- and nanoprocessing of a variety of materials and are now widely used for both fundamental researches and practical applications. This book is composed of 12 chapters covering relevant topics of ultrafast laser processing, including laser itself and novel beam manipulation methods for processing, fundamentals of ultrafast laser processing, nanomaterial synthesis, surface micro- and nanostructuring, micromachining, two-photon photopolymerization, internal modification/fabrication of transparent materials, applications to photonic devices and microchips for biological analysis, industrial applications, and so on. Each chapter is written by world-leading scientists in the related field so as to give comprehensive reviews in the field of ultrafast laser micro- and nanoprocessing.

Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing Online

Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing  Online  Book
Author : Sunggyu Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-01
ISBN : 1351237683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition Encyclopedia supplies nearly 350 gold standard articles on the methods, practices, products, and standards influencing the chemical industries. It offers expertly written articles on technologies at the forefront of the field to maximize and enhance the research and production phases of current and emerging chemical manufacturing practices and techniques. This collecting of information is of vital interest to chemical, polymer, electrical, mechanical, and civil engineers, as well as chemists and chemical researchers. A complete reconceptualization of the classic reference series the Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, whose first volume published in 1976, this resource offers extensive A-Z treatment of the subject in five simultaneously published volumes, with comprehensive indexing of all five volumes in the back matter of each tome. It includes material on the design of key unit operations involved with chemical processes; the design, unit operation, and integration of reactors and separation systems; process system peripherals such as pumps, valves, and controllers; analytical techniques and equipment; and pilot plant design and scale-up criteria. This reference contains well-researched sections on automation, equipment, design and simulation, reliability and maintenance, separations technologies, and energy and environmental issues. Authoritative contributions cover chemical processing equipment, engineered systems, and laboratory apparatus currently utilized in the field. It also presents expert overviews on key engineering science topics in property predictions, measurements and analysis, novel materials and devices, and emerging chemical fields. ALSO AVAILABLE ONLINE This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for both researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Microphysics of Surfaces

Microphysics of Surfaces Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microphysics of Surfaces book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications from Nanoscale to Macroscale

Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications from Nanoscale to Macroscale Book
Author : Hoon Huh
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9814261572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The primary objective of the Asia-Pacific Conference on Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications (AEPA) is to provide a free forum for exchanging ideas and introducing the latest research findings in the field of engineering plasticity. This conference is unique among the related conferences in that it provides a forum for all fields of plasticity so that multi-disciplinary research works are encouraged. This proceedings volume consists of papers presented at AEPA2008, and covers the following categories in all fields of engineering plasticity: constitutive modeling; damage, fracture, fatigue and failure; dynamic loading and crash dynamics; engineering applications and case studies; experimental and numerical techniques; molecular dynamics; nano, meso, micro and crystal plasticity; phase transformations; plastic instability and strain localization; plasticity in advanced materials; plasticity in materials processing technology; plasticity in tribology; porous, cellular and composite materials; structural plasticity; superplasticity; and time-dependent deformation. Ranging from nanoscale to macroscale applications of engineering plasticity, this book touches upon fields as diverse as mechanical engineering, materials science, physics, chemistry and civil engineering.

Food Medical and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides

Food  Medical  and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides Book
Author : Kunal Pal,Indranil Banerjee,Preetam Sarkar,Dr. Arindam Bit,Doman Kim,Arfat Anis,Samarendra Maji
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 0128193131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides provides a detailed resource for those interested in the design and preparation of polysaccharides for state-of-the-art applications. The book begins with an introductory section covering sources, chemistry, architectures, bioactivity, and chemical modifications of polysaccharides. Subsequent parts of the book are organized by field, with chapters focusing on specific applications across food, medicine, and the environment. This is an extremely valuable book for researchers, scientists, and advanced students in biopolymers, polymer science, polymer chemistry, biomaterials, materials science, biotechnology, biomedical engineering, cosmetics, medicine, food science, and environmental science. This important class of biopolymer can offer attractive properties and modification potential, enabling its use in groundbreaking areas across food, medical, and environmental fields. The book will be of interest to scientists, R&D professionals, designers, and engineers who utilize polysaccharide-based materials. Presents comprehensive information of the polymeric structures and properties that can be developed from polysaccharides Offers systematic coverage of classification, synthesis, and characterization, enabling targeted design and preparation of polysaccharides for specific applications Explores advanced methods, for novel applications across food, medicine, and the environment

Non equilibrium Processing of Materials

Non equilibrium Processing of Materials Book
Author : C. Suryanarayana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-07-22
ISBN : 9780080537627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapid technological developments during the later half of the 20th century have demanded materials that are stronger, capable of use at much higher temperatures, more corrosion-resistant, and much less expensive than those currently used. These demands become even more significant on the threshold of the new century and the millennium. Significant improvements in properties can only be achieved by processing the materials under far-from-equilibrium (or non-equilibrium) conditions. Several new processing technologies have been developed during the past few decades including, rapid solidification, spray forming, mechanical alloying, ion mixing, vapor deposition, laser processing and plasma processing. Remarkable advances have been made in recent years in the science and technology of these processes used to synthesize, characterize, and apply these materials processed under non-equilibrium conditions. Some of these techniques have evolved from laboratory curiosity to commercial-scale manufacturing in just a few years. In other cases, industrial necessity prompted development of the technology, and the science followed later. The chapters in this book have been written by people who are world-recognized experts in their respective fields. Each chapter describes the principles, processing techniques, special features of the materials produced, and their applications. An extensive list of references is provided at the end of each chapter that will facilitate location of additional information on specific aspects of any technique.

Engineering Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale

Engineering  Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale Book
Author : Stephen J. Fonash,Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-17
ISBN : 3527692894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Students at universities the world over will benefit from the authors' concise treatment, arising out of lectures given for a graduate and advanced undergraduate course at Penn State University (USA) and University of Technology Delft (NL). The textbook begins by addressing, in general terms, the phenomena and peculiarities that occur at the nanoscale. In the following five chapters, readers are introduced in detail to nanoscale physics, chemistry, materials science, and biology, followed by chapters on synthesis and fabrication as well as characterization at the nanoscale. In the next four chapters a variety of exemplary applications taken from a wide range of sectors are also presented and discussed. Concerns for safety, environmental impact, workforce development, economic wellbeing, and societal change issues arising from nanotechnology are woven throughout the book and additionally form the focus of the last two chapters.

Food Processing Strategies for Quality Assessment

Food Processing  Strategies for Quality Assessment Book
Author : Abdul Malik,Zerrin Erginkaya,Saghir Ahmad,Hüseyin Erten
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-05
ISBN : 1493913786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of the food processing is to ensure microbiological and chemical safety of foods, adequate nutrient content and bioavailability and acceptability to the consumer with regard to sensory properties and ease of preparation. Processing may have either beneficial or harmful effects on these properties, so each of these factors must be taken into account in the design and preparation of foods. This book offers a unique dealing with the subject and provides not only an update of state-of-the art techniques in many critical areas of food processing and quality assessment, but also the development of value added products from food waste, safety and nanotechnology in the food and agriculture industry and looks into the future by defining current obstacles and future research goals. This book is not intended to serve as an encyclopedic review of the subject. However, the various chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects and may serve as baseline information for future research through which significant development is possible.

Materials Processing by Cluster Ion Beams

Materials Processing by Cluster Ion Beams Book
Author : Isao Yamada
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-20
ISBN : 1498711766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Processing by Cluster Ion Beams: History, Technology, and Applications discusses the contemporary physics, materials science, surface engineering issues, and nanotechnology capabilities of cluster beam processing. Written by the originator of the gas cluster ion beam (GCIB) concept, this book:Offers an overview of ion beam technologies, f

Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits

Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits Book
Author : Hussein Baher
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-03-06
ISBN : 1119942683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a balanced account of analog, digital and mixed-mode signal processing with applications in telecommunications. Part I Perspective gives an overview of the areas of Systems on a Chip (Soc) and mobile communication which are used to demonstrate the complementary relationship between analog and digital systems. Part II Analog (continuous-time) and Digital Signal Processing contains both fundamental and advanced analysis, and design techniques, of analog and digital systems. This includes analog and digital filter design; fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms; stochastic signals; linear estimation and adaptive filters. Part III Analog MOS Integrated Circuits for Signal Processing covers basic MOS transistor operation and fabrication through to the design of complex integrated circuits such as high performance Op Amps, Operational Transconductance Amplifiers (OTA's) and Gm-C circuits. Part IV Switched-capacitor and Mixed-mode Signal Processing outlines the design of switched-capacitor filters, and concludes with sigma-delta data converters as an extensive application of analog and digital signal processing Contains the fundamentals and advanced techniques of continuous-time and discrete-time signal processing. Presents in detail the design of analog MOS integrated circuits for signal processing, with application to the design of switched-capacitor filters. Uses the comprehensive design of integrated sigma-delta data converters to illustrate and unify the techniques of signal processing. Includes solved examples, end of chapter problems and MATLAB® throughout the book, to help readers understand the mathematical complexities of signal processing. The treatment of the topic is at the senior undergraduate to graduate and professional levels, with sufficient introductory material for the book to be used as a self-contained reference.

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing Book
Author : Da-Wen Sun
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-26
ISBN : 1351263471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since many processes in the food industry involve fluid flow and heat and mass transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) provides a powerful early-stage simulation tool for gaining a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of food processing, allowing engineers to test concepts all the way through the development of a process or system. Published in 2007, the first edition was the first book to address the use of CFD in food processing applications, and its aims were to present a comprehensive review of CFD applications for the food industry and pinpoint the research and development trends in the development of the technology; to provide the engineer and technologist working in research, development, and operations in the food industry with critical, comprehensive, and readily accessible information on the art and science of CFD; and to serve as an essential reference source to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in universities and research institutions. This will continue to be the purpose of this second edition. In the second edition, in order to reflect the most recent research and development trends in the technology, only a few original chapters are updated with the latest developments. Therefore, this new edition mostly contains new chapters covering the analysis and optimization of cold chain facilities, simulation of thermal processing and modeling of heat exchangers, and CFD applications in other food processes.

Extending Moore s Law through Advanced Semiconductor Design and Processing Techniques

Extending Moore s Law through Advanced Semiconductor Design and Processing Techniques Book
Author : Wynand Lambrechts,Saurabh Sinha,Jassem Ahmed Abdallah,Jaco Prinsloo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-13
ISBN : 1351248650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a methodological understanding of the theoretical and technical limitations to the longevity of Moore’s law. The book presents research on factors that have significant impact on the future of Moore’s law and those factors believed to sustain the trend of the last five decades. Research findings show that boundaries of Moore’s law primarily include physical restrictions of scaling electronic components to levels beyond that of ordinary manufacturing principles and approaching the bounds of physics. The research presented in this book provides essential background and knowledge to grasp the following principles: Traditional and modern photolithography, the primary limiting factor of Moore’s law Innovations in semiconductor manufacturing that makes current generation CMOS processing possible Multi-disciplinary technologies that could drive Moore's law forward significantly Design principles for microelectronic circuits and components that take advantage of technology miniaturization The semiconductor industry economic market trends and technical driving factors The complexity and cost associated with technology scaling have compelled researchers in the disciplines of engineering and physics to optimize previous generation nodes to improve system-on-chip performance. This is especially relevant to participate in the increased attractiveness of the Internet of Things (IoT). This book additionally provides scholarly and practical examples of principles in microelectronic circuit design and layout to mitigate technology limits of previous generation nodes. Readers are encouraged to intellectually apply the knowledge derived from this book to further research and innovation in prolonging Moore’s law and associated principles.

Non thermal Processing of Foods

Non thermal Processing of Foods Book
Author : O. P. Chauhan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-01-10
ISBN : 1351869787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest developments in the area of non-thermal preservation of foods and covers various topics such as high-pressure processing, pulsed electric field processing, pulsed light processing, ozone processing, electron beam processing, pulsed magnetic field, ultrasonics, and plasma processing. Non-thermal Processing of Foods discusses the use of non-thermal processing on commodities such as fruits and vegetables, cereal products, meat, fish and poultry, and milk and milk products. Features: Provides latest information regarding the use of non-thermal processing of food products Provides information about most of the non-thermal technologies available for food processing Covers food products such as fruits and vegetables, cereal products, meat, fish and poultry, and milk and milk products Discusses the packaging requirements for foods processed with non-thermal techniques The effects of non-thermal processing on vital food components, enzymes and microorganisms is also discussed. Safety aspects and packaging requirements for non-thermal processed foods are also presented. Rounding out coverage of this technology are chapters that cover commercialization, regulatory issues and consumer acceptance of foods processed with non-thermal techniques. The future trends of non-thermal processing are also investigated. Food scientists and food engineers, food regulatory agencies, food industry personnel and academia (including graduate students) will find valuable information in this book. Food product developers and food processors will also benefit from this book.