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Nanoscale Materials In Water Purification

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Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Daniel Pasquini,Shao-Yuan Leu,Deepu A Gopakumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0128139277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel nanoscale materials are now an essential part of meeting the current and future needs for clean water, and are at the heart of the development of novel technologies to desalinate water. The unique properties of nanomaterials and their convergence with current treatment technologies present great opportunities to revolutionize water and wastewater treatment. Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharidebased nanoparticles, nanocatalysts, and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128211423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquananotechnology: Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Purification focuses on the impacts of, and opportunities for, the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality and the societal concerns surrounding the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. Sections cover the use of nano-sensors for the detection of water pollutants, the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics, bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. In addition, the book covers the use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials and nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have on a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale

Nanotechnology for Water Purification

Nanotechnology for Water Purification Book
Author : Tania Dey
Publisher : Universal-Publishers
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1612336191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a highly inter- and multi- disciplinary application oriented research area. Not only does it find its use in nanomedicine, solar cells, sensor development and so on, but can also be effectively utilized to prevent water pollution. Nanostructured materials such as magnetic nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, silver-impregnated cyclodextrin nanocomposites, nanostructured iron-zeolites, carbo-iron nanomaterials, photocatalytic titania nanoparticles, nanofiltration membranes and functionalized silica nanoparticles can be employed in water treatment to remove heavy metals, sediments, chemical effluents, charged particles, bacteria and other pathogens. This edited book comprises several review-style chapters written by world experts. The chapters are devoted to each of these nanotechnology based approaches: basic principles, practical applications, recent break-through and limitations associated with it. The last chapter covers the environmental risks of applying engineered nanomaterials for water purification. The wealth of information and insight offered in this book will be appealing to scientists and researchers over a wide range of disciplines.

Application of Nanotechnology in Water Research

Application of Nanotechnology in Water Research Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-09
ISBN : 111893928X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the water research applications of nanotechnology invarious areas including environmental science, remediation,membranes, nanomaterials, and water treatment At the nano size, materials often take on unique and sometimesunexpected properties that result in them being ‘tuned’to build faster, lighter, stronger, and more efficient devices andsystems, as well as creating new classes of materials. In waterresearch, nanotechnology is applied to develop more cost-effectiveand high-performance water treatment systems, as well as to provideinstant and continuous ways to monitor water quality. This volume presents an array of cutting-edge nanotechnologyresearch in water applications including treatment, remediation,sensing, and pollution prevention. Nanotechnology applications forwaste water research have significant impact in maintaining thelong-term quality, availability, and viability of water. Regardlessof the origin, such as municipal or industrial waste water, itsremediation utilizing nanotechnology can not only be recycled anddesalinized, but it can simultaneously detect biological andchemical contamination. Application of Nanotechnology in Water Research describesa broad area of nanotechnology and water research where membraneprocesses (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, andnanoreactive membranes) are considered key components of advancedwater purification and desalination technologies that remove,reduce, or neutralize water contaminants that threaten human healthand/or ecosystem productivity and integrity. Various nanoparticlesand nanomaterials that could be used in water remediation(zeolites, carbon nanotubes, self-assembled monolayer on mesoporoussupports, biopolymers, single-enzyme nanoparticles, zero-valentiron nanoparticles, bimetallic iron nanoparticles, and nanoscalesemiconductor photocatalysts) are discussed. The book also coverswater-borne infectious diseases as well as water-borne pathogens,microbes, and toxicity approach.

Water Purification

Water Purification Book
Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-28
ISBN : 0128043717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Purification, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, provides an in-depth review of the current technologies and emerging application of nanotechnology in drinking water purification, also presenting an overview of the common drinking water contaminants, such as heavy metals, organics, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, and their occurrences in drinking water sources. As the global water crisis has motivated the industry to look for alternative water supplies, nanotechnology presents significant potential for utilizing previously unacceptable water sources. This books explores the practical methodologies for transforming water using nanotechnologies, and is a comprehensive reference to a wide audience of food science research professionals, professors, and students who are doing research in this field. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanotechnology applications and research methods for water purification and treatment Presents applications of nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials in drinking water purification to improve efficiency and reduce cost Provides water purification research methods that are important to water quality, including precipitation, adsorption, membrane separation, and ion exchange Covers the potential risks of nanotechnology, such as the toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials in water and how to minimize risks based on research studies

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification Book
Author : Shahid Ul-Islam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-10
ISBN : 1119640458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dyes, pigments and metals are extensively used in food, paper, carpet, rubber, plastics, cosmetics, and textile industries, in order to color and finish products. As a result, they generate a considerable amount of coloured wastewater rich in organic, inorganic, and mineral substances which are continuously polluting the water bodies and affecting human and aquatic life. Besides these industries, urban and agricultural activities also generate effluents high in biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). In recent years, considerable research work has been done in this area and is underway to eliminate heavy metals particularly mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), selenium and cadmium (Cd) and synthetic dyes from polluted waters which have high toxicity and carcinogenicity. Currently a number of methods are in operation to decontaminate the polluted waters. Among several purification technologies, use of nanoparticles/composites have gained much attention as efficient purification technology due to its many advantages such as simple synthesis, special chemical and physical properties, unique photocatalytic activity and beneficial antimicrobial properties and high efficiency. The book Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification comprehensively covers and provides new insights on all nanoparticles, composites and advanced methods employed in water purification.

Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation

Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation Book
Author : Srabanti Ghosh,Aziz Habibi-Yangjeh,Swati Sharma,Ashok Kumar Nadda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-29
ISBN : 1000485323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a comprehensive view of water-treatment technologies, Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation explores recent developments in the use of advanced nanomaterials (ANMs) for water treatment and remediation. In-depth reaction mechanisms in water-treatment technologies, including adsorption, catalysis, and membrane filtration for water purification using ANMs, are discussed in detail. The book includes an investigation of the fabrication processes of nanostructured materials and the fundamental aspects of surfaces at the nanoscale. The book also covers the removal of water-borne pathogens and microbes through a photochemical approach. FEATURES Explains various chemical treatments for the removal and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, pharmaceuticals, and heavy metals from aqueous solutions, including adsorption, advanced oxidation process, and photocatalysis Discusses the rational design of nanoporous materials with a tunable pore structure and fabrication of nanomaterials by surface chemistry engineering Covers the role of nanomaterials-assisted oxidation and reduction processes, design of nano-assisted membrane-based separation, and multifunctional nanomaterials and nanodevices for water treatment Provides an understanding of the structure–activity relationship and stability of ANMs under critical experimental conditions Identifies potential challenges in the application of multifunctional ANMs for future research Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation is aimed at researchers and industry professionals in chemical, materials, and environmental engineering as well as related fields interested in the application of advanced materials to water treatment and remediation.

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology Challenges for Plant Sustainability

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology  Challenges for Plant Sustainability Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 0128213213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability, Volume 87 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Environmental application of nanomaterials: A promise to sustainable future, Plant-nanoparticle interactions: Mechanisms, effects, and approaches, A general overview on application of nanoparticles in agriculture and plant science, Engineered nanomaterials uptake, bioaccumulation and toxicity mechanisms in plants, Engineered nanomaterials in plants: Sensors, carriers, and bio-imaging, Antioxidant role of nanoparticles for enhancing ecological performance of plant system, Toxicity assessment of metal oxide nanoparticles on terrestrial plants, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series Includes the latest information on the field of engineered nanomaterials in plants

Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation

Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation Book
Author : Srabanti Ghosh,Aziz Habibi-Yangjeh,Swati Sharma,Ashok Kumar Nadda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-29
ISBN : 1000485331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a comprehensive view of water-treatment technologies, Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation explores recent developments in the use of advanced nanomaterials (ANMs) for water treatment and remediation. In-depth reaction mechanisms in water-treatment technologies, including adsorption, catalysis, and membrane filtration for water purification using ANMs, are discussed in detail. The book includes an investigation of the fabrication processes of nanostructured materials and the fundamental aspects of surfaces at the nanoscale. The book also covers the removal of water-borne pathogens and microbes through a photochemical approach. FEATURES Explains various chemical treatments for the removal and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, pharmaceuticals, and heavy metals from aqueous solutions, including adsorption, advanced oxidation process, and photocatalysis Discusses the rational design of nanoporous materials with a tunable pore structure and fabrication of nanomaterials by surface chemistry engineering Covers the role of nanomaterials-assisted oxidation and reduction processes, design of nano-assisted membrane-based separation, and multifunctional nanomaterials and nanodevices for water treatment Provides an understanding of the structure–activity relationship and stability of ANMs under critical experimental conditions Identifies potential challenges in the application of multifunctional ANMs for future research Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation is aimed at researchers and industry professionals in chemical, materials, and environmental engineering as well as related fields interested in the application of advanced materials to water treatment and remediation.

Nanomaterials for Water Remediation

Nanomaterials for Water Remediation Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Smithers Rapra
Release : 2016-07-14
ISBN : 1911088033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials have shown supreme potential in overcoming the major challenges posed by both the conventional as well as nano-enabled water purification systems. Remediation is the process of transforming the pollutants present in water from toxic to below the limits stipulated by national/international guidelines. Water remediation is the process of obtaining clean water from decontaminated water and is currently a huge challenge for the global scientific community.Volume 2 focuses on the use of inorganic oxides including metal and non-metal oxide materials for water remediation. This book also covers the broad discussion regarding various metal and non-metal oxides as well as nanoadsorbent metals, nanoparticles, cryogels and bentonites for the removal of the various organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater. Water pollution is mainly caused by contaminants and can cause severe environmental and health issues. It is a well-established fact that nanomaterials have better adsorption capacity, selectivity and stability than nanoparticles.This book also covers the broad areas of nanotechnology, engineering, environmental science and water research, and will be of great benefit to researchers involved in these fields. The book provides a platform for all researchers as it covers considerable background from recent literature, including the abbreviations used. In addition, this book covers the broader research areas of chemistry, physics, materials science, composites, engineering and nanotechnology to present a multidisciplinary approach.

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology Book
Author : Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-15
ISBN : 3319760904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the environmental benefits of nanomaterials in agriculture, water purification and nanomedicine. Nanotechnology will modify the environment both in a positive and negative way. On the one hand, new nanomaterials are promising for reducing greenhouse gases, cleaning toxic wastes and building alternative energy sources. On the other hand, some toxic nanoparticles enter and disrupt ecosystems. Therefore, research should focus on the sustainable use of nanomaterials to avoid environmental contamination. This volume is the first of several volumes on Environmental Nanotechnology, which will be published in the series Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Bharat A. Bhanvase,Shirish Sonawane,Vijay B. Pawade,Aniruddha B. Pandit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 0128214996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment: Fundamentals and Scale up Issues provides coverage of the nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment, covering photocatalytic nanocomposite materials, nanomaterials used as adsorbents, water remediation processes, and their current status and challenges. The book explores the major applications of nanomaterials for effective catalysis and adsorption, also providing in-depth information on the properties and application of new advanced nanomaterials for wastewater treatment processes. This is an important reference source for researchers who need to solve basic and advanced problems relating to the use of nanomaterials for the development of wastewater treatment processes and technologies. As nanotechnology has the potential to substantially improve current water and wastewater treatment processes, the synthesis methods and physiochemical properties of nanomaterials and noble metal nanoparticles make their performance and mechanisms efficient for the treatment of various pollutants. Explains the properties of the most commonly used nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment Describes the major nanoscale synthesis and processing techniques for wastewater treatment Assesses the major challenges for using nanomaterials on a mass scale for wastewater treatment

Water Treatment with New Nanomaterials

Water Treatment with New Nanomaterials Book
Author : Shahin Homaeigohar
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-21
ISBN : 3039368109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given that the threat of water shortage is expanding across the globe, the evolution of advanced technologies that enable water purification and, thus, water re-use in an energy and resource efficient manner are of great importance. In this regard, nanomaterials have been playing a crucial role and offering new opportunities for the construction of permeable and selective membranes and adsorbents. Such features are of paramount importance, particularly given the limited available energy resources. In this book, several recent studies are introduced that deal with water treatment via nanomaterial-based technologies. Such state-of-the-art technologies have employed nanomaterials that are made of polymer, composite, ceramic, and carbon, etc., and are shaped in various dimensionalities and forms such as particle (0D), fiber (1D), and film (2D–3D). The nanostructured membranes and adsorbents as well as photocatalytic nanosystems capable of active photodecomposition of organic pollutants, e.g., dyes, are the main focal points of discussion.

Nanomaterials A Danger or a Promise

Nanomaterials  A Danger or a Promise  Book
Author : Roberta Brayner,Fernand Fiévet,Thibaud Coradin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-10
ISBN : 1447142136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the increased presence of nanomaterials in commercial products such as cosmetics and sunscreens, fillers in dental fillings, water filtration process, catalysis, photovoltaic cells, bio-detection, a growing public debate is emerging on toxicological and environmental effects of direct and indirect exposure to these materials. Nanomaterials: A Danger or a Promise? forms a balanced overview of the health and environmental issues of nanoscale materials. By considering both the benefits and risks associated with nanomaterials, Nanomaterials: A Danger or a Promise? compiles a complete and detailed image of the many aspects of the interface between nanomaterials and their real-life application. The full cycle of nanomaterials life will be presented and critically assessed to consider and answer questions such as: How are nanomaterials made? What they are used for? What is their environmental fate? Can we make them better? Including coverage of relevant aspects about the toxicity of manufactured nanomaterials, nanomaterials life cycle, exposure issues, Nanomaterials: A Danger or a Promise? provides a comprehensive overview of the actual knowledge in these fields but also presents perspectives for the future development of a safer nanoscience. This comprehensive resource is a key reference for students, researcher, manufacturers and industry professionals alike.

Advanced Water Technologies

Advanced Water Technologies Book
Author : P.K. Tewari
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 1351589288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explores basic concepts and advanced topics in the field of water technologies. It deals extensively with advances in materials, material selection, preparation, characterization and application. The relevance of water technologies in industries is considered, and a section is dedicated to describing and analyzing the technologies required for water reuse and advanced purification, including desalination. Nuclear desalination, low-carbon desalination and water purification technologies to address the adverse impacts of climate change are examined from both the adaptation and mitigation points of view. Aimed at senior undergraduate/graduate students in chemical, civil and environmental engineering, along with wastewater and desalination researchers, this book: Details advanced water treatments for varied processes. Describes membrane and desalination techniques for water reuse and advanced purification. Elaborates water technologies at both the front and back ends of the process. Discusses modern technologies for effluent treatment and water recycling. Explores the role of information technology in the water sector.

Nanomaterials for Air and Water Purification

Nanomaterials for Air  and Water Purification Book
Author : D. A. Gopakumar
Publisher : VCH
Release : 2023-02-15
ISBN : 9783527350520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanomaterials for Air and Water Purification book written by D. A. Gopakumar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanomaterials for Water Remediation

Nanomaterials for Water Remediation Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Smithers Rapra
Release : 2016-06-28
ISBN : 1910242543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials are being used to develop more cost-effective and high-performance water treatment systems. In the field of water research, nanomaterials have been extensively utilised for the treatment and remediation, in addition to pollution prevention, of this vital resource. Remediation is the process of transforming the toxic substances in polluted water to below the limits stipulated by national/international guidelines. Volume 1 focuses on the carbon-based materials employed for water remediation. This book contains detailed information on various carbon materials including: carbon nanotubes, nanofibres, nanocellulose, dendrimers, mesoporous materials, molecularly imprinted materials, polymeric membranes and waste-derived nanocarbon materials. Polluted water is the main cause of severe environmental and health problems, and it is a well-established fact that carbon-based materials are very effective in the removal of both organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater.This book covers the broad aspects of nanotechnology, environmental science and water research, and will be beneficial to researchers involved in these areas. In addition, this book will be of considerable interest to researchers who are working towards their graduate and postgraduate degrees in these areas. A platform for all researchers is also provided as it covers considerable background from recent literature, including the abbreviations used. This book covers the fundamental knowledge and recent advancements of the research and development in the fields of nanotechnology, environmental science and water research.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering Treatment and Hydraulics

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering  Treatment  and Hydraulics Book
Author : Saleh, Tawfik A.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-01-30
ISBN : 1522521372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While nanotechnology has been a booming research field for years, the study of how it can be used alongside water engineering has not been deeply explored. By examining the ways in which nanomaterials can aid hydraulics, these tools can be used for water purification, water treatments, and a vast array of other uses that will make water engineering easier and safer. Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering, Treatment, and Hydraulics is a comprehensive reference source for the latest research-based material on the use of progressive nanotechnologies for water technologies. Featuring coverage on relevant topics such as water purification, nano-metal oxides, chitosan nanoparticles, and contaminated waste water, this is an ideal reference source for engineers, students, academics, and researchers seeking innovative perspectives on the use of nanomaterials in water engineering.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Book
Author : Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-05-15
ISBN : 1455731854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Smart Materials for Waste Water Applications

Smart Materials for Waste Water Applications Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-29
ISBN : 1119041198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart materials are used to develop more cost-effective and high-performance water treatment systems as well as instant and continuous ways to monitor water quality. Smart materials in water research have been extensively utilized for the treatment, remediation, and pollution prevention. Smart materials can maintain the long term water quality, availability and viability of water resource. Thus, water via smart materials can be reused, recycled, desalinized and also it can detect the biological and chemical contamination whether the source is from municipal, industrial or man-made waste. The 15 state-of-the-art review chapters contained in this book cover the recent advancements in the area of waste water, as well as the prospects about the future research and development of smart materials for the waste water applications in the municipal, industrial and manmade waste areas. Treatment techniques (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, adsorption and nano-reactive membranes) are also covered in-depth. The chapters are divided into three groups: The first section includes the various carbon nanomaterials (such as carbon nanotubes, mixed oxides) with a focus on use of carbon at nanoscale applied for waste water research. The second section focuses on synthetic nanomaterials for pollutants removal. The third section highlights the bio-polymeric nanomaterials where the authors have used the natural polymers matrices in a composite and nanocomposite material for waste treatment. The large number of researchers working in the area will benefit from the fundamental concepts, advanced approaches and application of the various smart materials towards waste water treatment that are described in the book. It will also provide a platform for the researchers and graduate students to carry out advanced research and understand the building blocks.