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Nanomaterials Based Charge Trapping Memory Devices

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Nanomaterials Based Charge Trapping Memory Devices

Nanomaterials Based Charge Trapping Memory Devices Book
Author : Ammar Nayfeh,Nazek El-Atab
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 012822343X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rising consumer demand for low power consumption electronics has generated a need for scalable and reliable memory devices with low power consumption. At present, scaling memory devices and lowering their power consumption is becoming more difficult due to unresolved challenges, such as short channel effect, Drain Induced Barrier Lowering (DIBL), and sub-surface punch-through effect, all of which cause high leakage currents. As a result, the introduction of different memory architectures or materials is crucial. Nanomaterials-based Charge Trapping Memory Devices provides a detailed explanation of memory device operation and an in-depth analysis of the requirements of future scalable and low powered memory devices in terms of new materials properties. The book presents techniques to fabricate nanomaterials with the desired properties. Finally, the book highlights the effect of incorporating such nanomaterials in memory devices. This book is an important reference for materials scientists and engineers, who are looking to develop low-powered solutions to meet the growing demand for consumer electronic products and devices. Explores in depth memory device operation, requirements and challenges Presents fabrication methods and characterization results of new nanomaterials using techniques, including laser ablation of nanoparticles, ALD growth of nano-islands, and agglomeration-based technique of nanoparticles Demonstrates how nanomaterials affect the performance of memory devices

Charge Trapping Non Volatile Memories

Charge Trapping Non Volatile Memories Book
Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-14
ISBN : 3319487051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the technology of charge-trapping non-volatile memories and their uses. The authors explain the device physics of each device architecture and provide a concrete description of the materials involved and the fundamental properties of the technology. Modern material properties, used as charge-trapping layers, for new applications are introduced. Provides a comprehensive overview of the technology for charge-trapping non-volatile memories; Details new architectures and current modeling concepts for non-volatile memory devices; Focuses on conduction through multi-layer gate dielectrics stacks.

Handbook of Carbon Based Nanomaterials

Handbook of Carbon Based Nanomaterials Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Sarathchandran C.,S.A Ilangovan,Juan Carlos Moreno-Pirajan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-23
ISBN : 0128219955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Carbon-Based Nanomaterials provides a comprehensive overview of carbon-based nanomaterials and recent advances in these specialized materials. This book opens with a brief introduction to carbon, including the different forms of carbon and their range of uses. Each chapter systematically covers a different type of carbon-based nanomaterial, including its individual characteristics, synthesis techniques and applications in industry, biomedicine and research. This book offers a broad handbook on carbon-based nanomaterials, detailing the materials aspects, applications and recent advances of this expansive topic. With its global team of contributing authors, Handbook of Carbon-Based Nanomaterials collates specific technical expertise from around the world, for each type of carbon-based nanomaterial. Due to the broad nature of the coverage, this book will be useful to an interdisciplinary readership, including researchers in academia and industry in the fields of materials science, engineering, chemistry, energy and biomedical engineering. Covers a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, including graphene, fullerenes and much more Describes key properties, synthesis techniques and characterization of each carbon-based nanomaterial Discusses a range of applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, from biomedicine to energy applications

Anisotropic Nanomaterials

Anisotropic Nanomaterials Book
Author : Quan Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-09
ISBN : 3319182935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book anisotropic one-dimensional and two-dimensional nanoscale building blocks and their assembly into fascinating and qualitatively new functional structures embracing both hard and soft components are explained. Contributions from leading experts regarding important aspects like synthesis, assembly, properties and applications of the above materials are compiled into a reference book. The anisotropy, i.e. the direction-dependent physical properties, of materials is fascinating and elegant and has sparked the quest for anisotropic materials with useful properties. With such a curiosity, material scientists have ventured into the realm of nanometer length scale and have explored the anisotropic nanoscale building blocks such as metallic and nonmetallic particles as well as organic molecular aggregates. It turns out that the anisotropic nanoscale building blocks, in addition to direction-dependent properties, exhibit dimension and morphology dependence of physical properties. Moreover, ordered arrays of anisotropic nanoscale building blocks furnish novel properties into the resulting system which would be entirely different from the properties of individual ones. Undoubtedly, these promising properties have qualified them as enabling building blocks of 21st century materials science, nanoscience and nanotechnology. Readers will find this book professionally valuable and intellectually stimulating in the rapidly emerging area of anisotropic nanomaterials. Quan Li, Ph.D., is Director of the Organic Synthesis and Advanced Materials Laboratory at the Liquid Crystal Institute of Kent State University, where he is also Adjunct Professor in the Chemical Physics Interdisciplinary Program. He has directed research projects funded by US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFSOR), US Army Research Office (ARO), US Department of Defense Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (DoD MURI), US National Science Foundation (NSF), US Department of Energy (DOE), US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Ohio Third Frontier, and Samsung Electronics, among others.

Ultrathin Two Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications

Ultrathin Two Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications Book
Author : Mohammad Karbalaei Akbari,Serge Zhuiykov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 1000072460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering perspective on both the scientific and engineering aspects of 2D semiconductors, Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications discusses how to successfully engineer 2D materials for practical applications. It also covers several novel topics regarding 2D semiconductors which have not yet been discussed in any other publications. Features: Provides comprehensive information and data about wafer-scale deposition of 2D semiconductors, ranging from scientific discussions up to the planning of experiments and reliability testing of the fabricated samples Precisely discusses wafer-scale ALD and CVD of 2D semiconductors and investigates various aspects of deposition techniques Covers the new group of 2D materials synthesized from surface oxide of liquid metals and also explains the device fabrication and post-treatment of these 2D nanostructures Addresses a wide range of scientific and practical applications of 2D semiconductors and electronic and optoelectronic devices based on these nanostructures Offers novel coverage of 2D heterostructures and heterointerfaces and provides practical information about fabrication and application of these heterostructures Introduces the latest advancement in fabrication of novel memristors, artificial synapses and sensorimotor devices based on 2D semiconductors This work offers practical information valuable for engineering applications that will appeal to researchers, academics, and scientists working with and interested in developing an array of semiconductor electronic devices.

Electrical Memory Materials and Devices

Electrical Memory Materials and Devices Book
Author : Wen-Chang Chen
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-10-16
ISBN : 1782622500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information technology is essential to our daily life, and the limitations of silicone based memory systems mean a growing amount of research is focussed on finding an inexpensive alternative to meet our needs and allow the continued development of the industry. Inorganic silicone based technology is increasingly costly and complex and is physically limited by the problems of scaling down. Organic electrical memory devices are comparatively low cost, offer flexibility in terms of chemical structure, are compatible with flexible substrates and allow easy processing. For these reasons polymeric memory nanoscale materials are considered by many to be a potential substitute for conventional semiconductor memory systems. This edited book focusses solely on organic memory devices, providing a full background and overview of the area before bringing the reader up to date with the current and ongoing research in this area. The broad appeal of this book will be applicable to a wide range of researchers and those working in industry, in particular those working in materials, electrical and chemical engineering.

Handbook of Nanophysics

Handbook of Nanophysics Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-09-17
ISBN : 9781420075519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many bottom-up and top-down techniques for nanomaterial and nanostructure generation have enabled the development of applications in nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics explores important recent applications of nanophysics in the areas of electronics and photonics. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume discusses how different nanomaterials, such as quantum dots and nanotubes, are used in quantum computing, capacitors, and transistors. Leading international experts review the potential of the novel patterning techniques in molecular electronics as well as nanolithography approaches for producing semiconductor circuits. They also describe optical properties of nanostructures, nanowires, nanorods, and clusters, including cathodoluminescence, photoluminescence, and polarization-sensitivity. In addition, the book covers nanophotonic devices and nanolasers. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Nanodevices and Nanomaterials for Ecological Security

Nanodevices and Nanomaterials for Ecological Security Book
Author : Yuri N. Shunin,Arnold E. Kiv
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-06-05
ISBN : 9400741197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to a wide range of problems concerning applications of nanomaterials and nanodevices as effective solutions to modern ecological problems. Leading experts in nanoscience and nanotechnology present the key theoretical, experimental and implementation issues related to the creation and utilization of novel nanoscale devices to help ensure ecological security. The authors discuss appropriate nanotechnologies for minimizing various types of risk: to human life, technogenic risk, or indeed terrorist threats. Particular emphasis is placed on defining and studying the required materials properties, and – in the field – on nanoscale devices for sensors and monitoring.

Emerging Resistive Switching Memories

Emerging Resistive Switching Memories Book
Author : Jianyong Ouyang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-04
ISBN : 3319315722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brief describes how non-volatile change of the resistance , due to the application of electric voltage allows for fabrication of novel digital memory devices. The author explains the physics of the devices and provides a concrete description of the materials involved as well as the fundamental properties of the technology. He details how charge trapping, charge transfer and conductive filament formation effect resistive switching memory devices.

Ambipolar Materials and Devices

Ambipolar Materials and Devices Book
Author : Ye Zhou,Su-Ting Han
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-09-04
ISBN : 1788019288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ambipolar materials represent a class of materials where positive and negative charge carriers can both transport concurrently. In recent years, a diverse range of materials have been synthesized and utilized for implementing ambipolar charge transport, with applications in high‐density data storage, field effect transistors, nanotransitors, photonic memory, biomaterial-based memories and artificial synapses. This book highlights recent development of ambipolar materials involving materials design, fundamental principles, interface modifications, device structures, ambipolar characteristics and promising applications. Challenges and prospects for investigating ambipolar materials in electronics and optoelectronics are also discussed. With contributions from global leaders in the field, this title will appeal to graduate students and researchers who want to understand the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest ambipolar materials.

Microbial Diversity Exploration Bioprospecting

Microbial Diversity   Exploration   Bioprospecting Book
Author : S. Girisham,S. Ram Reddy,M. A. Singara Charya
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2012-05-04
ISBN : 9386347660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume on Microbial Diversity includes the chapters on different aspects of microbial diversity, its exploration and exploitation. The contents are broadly categorized into two parts. Part-A includes 25 review articles on diverse aspects of microbial diversity and its applications, contributed by subject experts working in their respective areas. These areas include biotechnology, environment, agriculture, food, public health and nanotechnology. These review articles bring out update information available on selected topics and point out the gaps in our knowledge and further project future lines of research. Part-B includes original research papers on contemporary research areas contributed by active researchers. This book caters the long left needs of university teachers, researchers, students, and industrial entrepreneurs.

Smart Nanomaterials for Sensor Application

Smart Nanomaterials for Sensor Application Book
Author : Songjun Li,Yi Ge,He Li
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2012-03-31
ISBN : 1608052419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is considerable interest in reliable and affordable sensor and detection systems. Recent concerns about environmental exposure to both biological and chemical agents have been critical to the development of new sensor and detector technologies. New materials are being developed to meet the challenges ahead. Smart nanomaterials appear to be a key solution to these challenges. This e-book summarizes current progress in sensor applications of smart nanomaterials. It should be a useful resource for materials scientists and readers interested in nanotechnology for biosensors.

Optoelectronic Organic Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions

Optoelectronic Organic Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions Book
Author : Ye Zhou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 1000325717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optoelectronic Organic-Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions summarizes advances in the development of organic-inorganic semiconductor heterojunctions, points out challenges and possible solutions for material/device design, and evaluates prospects for commercial applications. Introduces the concept and basic mechanism of semiconductor heterojunctions Describes a series of organic-inorganic semiconductor heterojunctions with desirable electrical and optical properties for optoelectronic devices Discusses typical devices such as solar cells, photo-detectors, and optoelectronic memories Outlines the materials and device challenges as well as possible strategies to promote the commercial translation of semiconductor heterojunctions-based optoelectronic devices Aimed at graduate students and researchers working in solid-state materials and electronics, this book offers a comprehensive yet accessible view of the state of the art and future directions.

Graphene Science Handbook

Graphene Science Handbook Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Nasar Ali,William I. Milne,Cengiz S. Ozkan,Stanislaw Mitura,Juana L. Gervasoni
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 146659134X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the Practical Applications and Promising Developments of Graphene The Graphene Science Handbook is a six-volume set that describes graphene’s special structural, electrical, and chemical properties. The book considers how these properties can be used in different applications (including the development of batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic cells, and supercapacitors based on graphene) and produced on a massive and global scale. Volume One: Fabrication Methods Volume Two: Nanostructure and Atomic Arrangement Volume Three: Electrical and Optical Properties Volume Four: Mechanical and Chemical Properties Volume Five: Size-Dependent Properties Volume Six: Applications and Industrialization This handbook describes the fabrication methods of graphene; the nanostructure and atomic arrangement of graphene; graphene’s electrical and optical properties; the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene; the size effects in graphene, characterization, and applications based on size-affected properties; and the application and industrialization of graphene. Volume six is dedicated to the application and industrialization of graphene and covers: The design of graphene- and biomolecule-based nanosensors and nanodevices The use of graphene-based field-effect-transistor (GFET)-like structures as sensing substrates and DNA aptamers as sensing elements Recent advances in graphene-based DNA sensors The antibacterial properties of graphene-based nanomaterial (NM) The chemical and physical properties of graphene and its current uses The development of sensitive and selective field-effect transistors (FET) biosensors based on graphene The unique properties of ordered graphene (G) Various methods currently employed for the production of graphene nanocomposites The supramolecular chemistry of graphene derivatives, and more

Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application 2011 Edition

Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464920583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Nanotechnology. The editors have built Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nanotechnology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Plasma Processing of Nanomaterials

Plasma Processing of Nanomaterials Book
Author : R. Mohan Sankaran
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351832948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We are at a critical evolutionary juncture in the research and development of low-temperature plasmas, which have become essential to synthesizing and processing vital nanoscale materials. More and more industries are increasingly dependent on plasma technology to develop integrated small-scale devices, but physical limits to growth, and other challenges, threaten progress. Plasma Processing of Nanomaterials is an in-depth guide to the art and science of plasma-based chemical processes used to synthesize, process, and modify various classes of nanoscale materials such as nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, and semiconductor nanowires. Plasma technology enables a wide range of academic and industrial applications in fields including electronics, textiles, automotives, aerospace, and biomedical. A prime example is the semiconductor industry, in which engineers revolutionized microelectronics by using plasmas to deposit and etch thin films and fabricate integrated circuits. An overview of progress and future potential in plasma processing, this reference illustrates key experimental and theoretical aspects by presenting practical examples of: Nanoscale etching/deposition of thin films Catalytic growth of carbon nanotubes and semiconductor nanowires Silicon nanoparticle synthesis Functionalization of carbon nanotubes Self-organized nanostructures Significant advances are expected in nanoelectronics, photovoltaics, and other emerging fields as plasma technology is further optimized to improve the implementation of nanomaterials with well-defined size, shape, and composition. Moving away from the usual focus on wet techniques embraced in chemistry and physics, the author sheds light on pivotal breakthroughs being made by the smaller plasma community. Written for a diverse audience working in fields ranging from nanoelectronics and energy sensors to catalysis and nanomedicine, this resource will help readers improve development and application of nanomaterials in their own work. About the Author: R. Mohan Sankaran received the American Vacuum Society’s 2011 Peter Mark Memorial Award for his outstanding contributions to tandem plasma synthesis.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-19
ISBN : 012813352X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications explores the use of novel nanomaterials in the industrial arena. The book covers nanomaterials and the techniques that can play vital roles in many industrial procedures, such as increasing sensitivity, magnifying precision and improving production limits. In addition, the book stresses that these approaches tend to provide green, sustainable solutions for industrial developments. Finally, the legal, economical and toxicity aspects of nanomaterials are covered in detail, making this is a comprehensive, important resource for anyone wanting to learn more about how nanomaterials are changing the way we create products in modern industry. Demonstrates how cutting-edge developments in nanomaterials translate into real-world innovations in a range of industry sectors Explores how using nanomaterials can help engineers to create innovative consumer products Discusses the legal, economical and toxicity issues arising from the industrial applications of nanomaterials

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials Book
Author : Paolo Bondavalli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 0323481027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials: Properties and Applications outlines the physics and the applications of graphene-related materials, including graphene, graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes. The first chapter introduces the physics of graphene and related nanomaterials. The following sections deal with different applications spanning from gas sensors to non-volatile memories and supercapacitors. The book also covers spintronics for graphene. In each chapter, specific applications are explained in a detailed way. This book will appeal to materials scientists and engineers looking to understand more about the nature of graphene and how it is currently being used. Explains how particular physical properties of graphene make it suitable for specific applications Explores current applications in sensing and energy Assesses the challenges of using carbon nanomaterials in engineering and evaluates future opportunities Appeals to materials scientists and engineers looking to understand more about the nature of graphene and how it is currently being used

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Manufacturing Applications

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Manufacturing Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-12
ISBN : 0128213825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Manufacturing Applications covers the challenges and obstacles involved in using nanomaterials in manufacturing. In particular, the lack of information, the possibility of adverse impacts on the environment, human health, safety and sustainability and other remaining challenges. This book addresses these challenges for the use of nanomaterials in major manufacturing sectors and suggests how they may be overcome. It was written to summarize, in a one-stop, concise manner, how nanomaterials and nanotechnology are being used to enhance current manufacturing techniques and processes in order to create more sustainable products in a range of industry sectors. This book will be of great use to materials scientists and engineers who are looking to gain a greater understanding on how nanotechnology is being used to improve the products we use in our daily lives. Demonstrates how cutting-edge developments in nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient manufacturing processes in a range of industry sectors Explores how using nanomaterials can help engineers create innovative consumer products Discusses the legal, economic and toxicity issues arising from using nanomaterials in manufacturing processes

Metal Nanoparticles in Microbiology

Metal Nanoparticles in Microbiology Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Nelson Duran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-04-02
ISBN : 3642183123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following an introduction to biogenic metal nanoparticles, this book presents how they can be biosynthesized using bacteria, fungi and yeast, as well as their potential applications in biomedicine. It is shown that the synthesis of nanoparticles using microbes is eco-friendly and results in reproducible metal nanoparticles of well-defined sizes, shapes and structures. This biotechnological approach based on the process of biomineralization exploits the effectiveness and flexibility of biological systems. Chapters include practical protocols for microbial synthesis of nanoparticles and microbial screening methods for isolating a specific nanoparticle producer as well as reviews on process optimization, industrial scale production, biomolecule-nanoparticle interactions, magnetosomes, silver nanoparticles and their numerous applications in medicine, and the application of gold nanoparticles in developing sensitive biosensors.