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Nanofibers And Nanotechnology In Textiles

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Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : P. Brown,K Stevens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-17
ISBN : 1845693736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials. This important book reviews its impact in developing a new generation of textile fibers with enhanced functionality and a wide range of applications. The first part of the book reviews nanofiber production, discussing how different fiber types can be produced using electrospinning techniques. Part two analyses the production and properties of carbon nanotubes and polymer nanocomposites and their applications in such areas as aerospace engineering. The third part of the book considers ways of using nanotechnology to improve polymer properties such as thermal stability and dyeability. The final part of the book reviews the use of nanotechnology to modify textile surfaces, including the use of coatings and films, in order to improve hydrophobic, filtration and other properties. Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles is a valuable reference in assessing and using a new generation of textile fibers in applications as diverse as tissue and aerospace engineering. Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials Learn about a new generation of textile fibers that have a wide range of applications Examines how to improve polymer properties

Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : Rajesh Mishra,Jiri Militky
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0081026277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology in Textiles: Theory and Application explains how conventional methods for treating fabrics for specific functions can by improved upon with the use of nanotechnology. Overviews of relevant, fundamental nanophysics and nanochemistry theory are provided, along with explanations of their application in textile finishing, providing a crucial resource for readers exploring this expanding frontier in textiles. The book draws on research from around the globe to address the latest nanotechnological developments that are all examined with references to industrial applications. Provides a complete, theoretical overview of nanotechnology and nanofibers for those with materials science or engineering backgrounds Covers a broad range of topics, including aerogels, polymer nanocomposites, nanohazards, and electrospinning Looks ahead to emerging applications of nanotechnology in textiles to point the way for further research and innovation

Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : Mangala Joshi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 1000091031
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent times, polymer nanocomposites have attracted a great deal of scientific interest due to their unique advantages over conventional plastic materials, such as superior strength, modulus, thermal stability, thermal and electrical conductivity, and gas barrier. They are finding real and fast-growing applications in wide-ranging fields such as automotive, aerospace, electronics, packaging, and sports. This book focuses on the development of polymer nanocomposites as an advanced material for textile applications, such as fibers, coatings, and nanofibers. It compiles and details cutting-edge research in the science and nanotechnology of textiles with special reference to polymer nanocomposites in the form of invited chapters from scientists and subject experts from various institutes from all over the world. They include authors who are actively involved in the research and development of polymer nanocomposites with a wide range of functions—including antimicrobial, flame-retardant, gas barrier, shape memory, sensor, and energy-scavenging—as well as medical applications, such as tissue engineering and wound dressings, to create a new range of smart and intelligent textiles. Edited by Mangala Joshi, a prominent nanotechnology researcher at the premier Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, this book will appeal to anyone involved in nanotechnology, nanocomposites, advanced materials, polymers, fibers and textiles, and technical textiles.

Nanofibres and nanotechnology in textiles

Nanofibres and nanotechnology in textiles Book
Author : Sina Geisler
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2012-06-12
ISBN : 3656214972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essay from the year 2008 in the subject English - Grammar, Style, Working Technique, grade: 2,0, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, course: Fachenglisch, language: English, abstract: In former times, the European textile and clothing industry was one of the mainsprings of the industrialization and a significant branch of the economy. Nowadays, many fabrics which meet the Europeans requirements are imported from low-price competitors like China, India, Taiwan and South Korea. Various countries use the textile industry as an entrance into the industrialization. On this account the global competition of the suppliers strengthens perpetually. “One million jobs got lost in Europe from 1993 to 2003”, explained William Lakin, general director of the European textile association Euratex (F.A.Z., 14.06.2005, Nr.135/Seite 11). Nevertheless, there are still 2,5 million people engaged all over Europe and the textile branch turns about 215 billion euros. Increasing competition and the enormous demand for new materials, is forcing the industry to restructure and modernise. Significant restructuring has taken place over the last decade, however, there is a general recognition that producing traditional apparel products may no longer be sufficient to sustain a viable business, and the EU textile industries may have to move towards more innovative, high quality products in order to differentiate themselves and compete. The key areas for increased competitiveness are expected to be Information Technology, Biotechnology and the emerging Nanotechnology.

Electrospinning Nanofabrication and Applications

Electrospinning  Nanofabrication and Applications Book
Author : Bin Ding,Xianfeng Wang,Jianyong Yu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-11-12
ISBN : 0128134410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrospinning: Nanofabrication and Applications presents an overview of the electrospinning technique, nanofabrication strategies and potential applications. The book begins with an introduction to the fundamentals of electrospinning, discussing fundamental principles of the electrospinning process, controlling parameters, materials and structures. Nanofabrication strategies, including coaxial electrospinning, multi-needle electrospinning, needleless electrospinning, electro-netting, near-field electrospinning, and three-dimensional macrostructure assembling are also covered. Final sections explore the applications of electrospun nanofibers in different fields and future prospects. This is a valuable reference for engineers and materials scientist working with fibrous materials and textiles, as well as researchers in the areas of nanotechnology, electrospinning, nanofibers and textiles. Explores controllable fabrication of electrospun nanomaterials and their multifunctional applications Explains the electrospinning technique as used in nanofabrication and nanofibers Outlines the applications of electrospun nanofibrous materials in tissue engineering, filtration, oil-water separation, water treatment, food technology, supercapacitors, sensors and so on

Smart Textiles

Smart Textiles Book
Author : Nazire D. Yilmaz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 111946031X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textiles: Wearable Nanotechnology provides a comprehensive presentation of recent advancements in the area of smart nanotextiles giving specific importance to materials and production processes. Different materials, production routes, performance characteristics, application areas and functionalization mechanisms are covered. The book provides a guideline to students, researchers, academicians and technologists who seek novel solutions in the related area by including groundbreaking advancements in different aspects of the diverse smart nanotextiles fields. This ground-breaking book is expected to spark an inspiration to allow future progress in smart nanotextiles research. The diversity of the topics, as well as the expert subject-matter contributors from all over the world representing various disciplines, ensure comprehensiveness and a broad understanding of smart nanotextiles.

Development of Nanotechnology in Textiles

Development of Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : A. K. Haghi
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release : 2012-09
ISBN : 9781620810521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of nanotechnology in textiles is as vast as the universe so to restrict its description to a few words is merely impossible. Nanotechnology is, broadly speaking, the science of manipulating and rearranging individual atoms and molecules to create useful materials. "Nano" textiles are those designed and engineered on the nanoscale to create specific functions. These nano functions are very diverse and range from UV protection and antibacterial functions to moisture management. This book summarizes the recent development of nanotechnology in textile areas.

Development of Nanotechnology in Textiles

Development of Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : A. K. Haghi,G. E. Zaikov
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781620810309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of nanotechnology in textiles is as vast as the universe so to restrict its description to a few words is merely impossible. Nanotechnology is, broadly speaking, the science of manipulating and rearranging individual atoms and molecules to create useful materials. "Nano" textiles are those designed and engineered on the nanoscale to create specific functions. These nano functions are very diverse and range from UV protection and antibacterial functions to moisture management. This book summarises the recent development of nanotechnology in textile areas.

Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : Mangala Joshi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-03
ISBN : 1000091090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent times, polymer nanocomposites have attracted a great deal of scientific interest due to their unique advantages over conventional plastic materials, such as superior strength, modulus, thermal stability, thermal and electrical conductivity, and gas barrier. They are finding real and fast-growing applications in wide-ranging fields such as automotive, aerospace, electronics, packaging, and sports. This book focuses on the development of polymer nanocomposites as an advanced material for textile applications, such as fibers, coatings, and nanofibers. It compiles and details cutting-edge research in the science and nanotechnology of textiles with special reference to polymer nanocomposites in the form of invited chapters from scientists and subject experts from various institutes from all over the world. They include authors who are actively involved in the research and development of polymer nanocomposites with a wide range of functions—including antimicrobial, flame-retardant, gas barrier, shape memory, sensor, and energy-scavenging—as well as medical applications, such as tissue engineering and wound dressings, to create a new range of smart and intelligent textiles. Edited by Mangala Joshi, a prominent nanotechnology researcher at the premier Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, this book will appeal to anyone involved in nanotechnology, nanocomposites, advanced materials, polymers, fibers and textiles, and technical textiles.

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates Book
Author : William C Smith
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0081024290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates, Second Edition, reviews a variety of topics regarding textile coatings and laminates to provide a stimulus for developing new and improved textile products. It addresses coating and laminating processes and techniques and base fabrics and their interaction in coated fabrics. Other sections discuss the different types of smart and intelligent coatings and laminates, including microencapsulation technology, conductive coatings, breathable coatings, phase change materials and their applications in textiles. Many new chapters have been added in this updated edition, including the medical applications of smart coatings, responsive coatings, and the integration of electronics into textiles. With its highly distinguished editor and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for chemists, textile technologists, fiber scientists, textile engineers, and more. Presents the state-of-the-art in smart coatings for fibers, fabrics and polymers, providing fundamental knowledge and stimulus for further research and development Includes a new range of application areas, including responsive coatings, smart coatings for medical applications, and the integration of electronics into textiles through coating technology Provides practical guidance for coating and laminating processes and techniques, with a particular focus on the impact of nanotechnology on intelligent coatings

Nanomaterials Based Coatings

Nanomaterials Based Coatings Book
Author : Phuong Nguyen Tri,Sami Rtimi,Claudiane Ouellet Plamondon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-30
ISBN : 0128158859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials-Based Coatings: Fundamentals and Applications presents the fundamental concepts and applications of nanomaterial-based coatings in anticorrosion, antiwear, antibacterial, antifungal, self-cleaning, superhydrophobic, super hard, super heat resistance, solar reflective, photocatalytic and radar absorbing coatings. It is an important resource for those seeking to understand the underlying phenomenal and fundamental mechanisms through which nanoparticles interact with polymeric and metallic matrices to create stronger coatings. As nanomaterials-enforced coatings are smarter, stronger and more durable, the information listed in this book will helps readers understand their usage and further applications. Highlights the latest methods in design, preparation and characterization techniques for nanomaterials-based coatings Discusses emerging applications of nanomaterials-based coatings, including substrates protection, sustainable energy, and in the environment and healthcare Assesses the major challenges in making nanomaterials-based coatings more reliable and cost-effective

Electrospun Polymers and Composites

Electrospun Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Yu Dong,Avinash Baji,Seeram Ramakrishna
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-24
ISBN : 0128226722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrospun Polymers and Composites: Ultrafine Materials, High Performance Fibres and Wearables reviews the latest technological developments and innovations in electrospun polymers and composites, highlighting the multifunctionality of these ultrafine materials as high performance fibers. The book's chapters investigate a wide range of different electrospinning applications, including drug delivery, tissue scaffolding, fiber reinforcement and nanofiltration, with a particular focus on shape memory effect and the wearable characteristics of electrospun polymers and composites. This will be a valuable reference resource for research and for industrial communities working in the field of electrospinning. Covers two important material systems in electrospun materials, including electrospun polymers and composites Emphasizes areas in shape memory effect and wearable features of electrospun polymers and composites Presents a multidisciplinary work that will attract a wide spectrum of readers in chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, chemistry, pharmacy, environmental science, materials science and engineering, as well as mechanical and electrical engineering

Chromic Materials

Chromic Materials Book
Author : Michal Vik,Aravin Prince Periyasamy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 1351170988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This informative volume reflects the state of art in the science of color-changeable materials and provides an abundance of in-depth knowledge about the field of colorimetry. The book describes the facts behind the chromic phenomena from the point of application, spectrophotometry of chromic materials, and instrumentation and testing. The authors begin with a short historical overview of the chromic phenomena, chromic materials, and classification of chromic materials and then go on to provide comprehensive treatises on chromic (or color-changeable) textiles and production techniques. Detailed descriptions of measurement methods that are usable in cases of translucent or opaque materials are provided as well. A number of new concepts are discussed along with standardized CIE (International Commission on Illumination) colorimetry with various CIE color space systems. Chromic materials appear as a dynamic system, which allows for a wide range of potential applications and related research. The authors share their own experiences with measurement of color chromic materials with the view to help fill the huge gap in field of measurement from the point of view in standardization. The authors conclude with an in-depth study of the testing of chromic testing, including testing for color fastness, fatigue resistance, light fastness, wash fastness, and rubbing fastness.

Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection

Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection Book
Author : Paul Kiekens,Sundaresan Jayaraman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 9400705751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume describes the latest developments in protective clothing against nearly any kind of threat for both military and civilians. It deals with protection through the use of nanotechnology, interactive clothing and biotechnological processes. Factors such as comfort and ballistics are also considered in the book, and several practical examples are discussed. All papers are written by leading experts in their respective fields. Professionals and students alike will benefit from the knowledge and expertise imparted in these outstanding contributions.

Engineering Textiles

Engineering Textiles Book
Author : Alexandr A. Berlin,Roman Joswik,Vatin Nikolai Ivanovich
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-09-03
ISBN : 1498706037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides the textile science community with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in the discipline of textile engineering. Reporting on recent advances with significant applications in textile engineering, the chapters are written by internationally recognized researchers. This book covers a multitude of important concepts and advances in the field, including: • Applications of nonwovens in textile engineering • Textile waste treatment for use in emulsion rubbers • Parameters of polyhydroxybutyrate nanofibers • Preparation of amines for use in textile engineering • Progress in photovoltaic textile • New applications in nanoengineering materials in the textile industry

Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Composites in Textiles

Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Composites in Textiles Book
Author : Mihai Ciocoiu,Seghir Maamir
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-05
ISBN : 1771882875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume reviews recent academic and technological developments behind new engineered modified nanotextile materials. The developments in textiles using nanotechnology give ordinary materials improved properties, such as better water resistance, enhanced moisture and odor reduction, increased strength and elasticity, and resistance to bacteria, among other improvements. The research reported in this book presents state-of-the-art technology in modern materials with an emphasis on the rapidly growing technologies in textile engineering. Several innovative applications for different materials are described in considerable detail with emphasis on the experimental data that supports these new applications. From nano-fibers to chemical materials, creative modifications concerning new nanocomposites are described that could one day become commonplace. The book covers a host of topics in this area, including the design of new textile products, moisture and heat transfer in clothing, developments in electrospinning, new applications, nanotextile and tissue engineering from a biological perspective, and more. The book is intended for researchers and those interested in future developments in mechanical and physicochemical characteristics of modified nanotextile materials and polymer blends. The book will also be a useful tool for students and researchers, providing helpful insights into new evolving research areas in nanostructured polymer blends and composites in textiles.

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-19
ISBN : 1845695070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important book provides a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to a broad range of materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product. The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials. With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materials Addresses key environmental issues Examines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved

Analysis and Performance of Engineering Materials

Analysis and Performance of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Gennady E. Zaikov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 1498707734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book facilitates the study of problematic chemicals in such applications as chemical fate modeling, chemical process design, and experimental design. It provides a valuable overview of current chemical processes, products, and practices and analyzes theories to formulate and prove physicochemical principles. It addresses the production and application of polymers, including chemical, physicochemical, and purely physical methods of examination. Topics include: • Radiotransparent fiberglass plastic products based on highly cross-linked polymer matrices • Properties and development of hyaluronan (HA) for pharmaceutical applications • Adhesive bonding of steel sheets treated by nitrooxidation in comparison with nontreated steel • Results of simulation by the Monte Carlo method of kinetics of three-dimensional free-radical polymerization of tetrafunctional monomers (TFM) • Elastomeric compositions based on systems with functionally active components for extreme conditions • Experimental research on efficient clearing of gas emissions in the manufacture of ceramic materials • The use of solar cells in the manufacture of textile materials • Ceramization of polymer compositions as a method for flame retardancy in materials The important research found in this book will aid scientists and researchers in developing improved engineering materials. The book’s coverage of a broad spectrum of key developments can be applied in industrial chemistry, biochemistry, and materials science.

Functional Nanofibers and their Applications

Functional Nanofibers and their Applications Book
Author : Q Wei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-24
ISBN : 0857095641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanofibers are a flexible material with a huge range of potential applications in such areas as technical textiles. Functional nanofibers and their applications summarises key trends in the processing and applications of these exciting materials. Part one focuses on the types and processing of nanofibers. Beginning with an overview of the principles and techniques involved in their production, it goes on to review core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibers. The processing and application of composite functional nanofibers, carbon and polymer nanofiber reinforcements in polymer matrix composites, and inorganic functional nanofibers are then explored in detail, before part one concludes with a consideration of surface functionalization. A wide variety of functional nanofiber applications are then reviewed in part two. Following consideration of their use in filtration, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications, the role of functional nanofibers in lithium-ion batteries, sensor applications, protective clothing, food processing and water purification is explored. Discussion of their use in sound absorption, electromagnetic wave attenuation and biomedical and microelectronic applications follows, before a final discussion of future trends. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Functional nanofibers and applications is a key text for all those working in the fields of technical textiles, as well as areas using nanofibers such as composites, biomaterials and microelectronics. Summarises key trends in the processing and applications of functional nanofibres in areas such as technical textiles Provides an overview of the principles and techniques involved in the production of nanofibres and reviews core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibres Considers the use of nanofibres in filtration, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications and the role of functional nanofibres in lithium-ion batteries, sensor applications, protective clothing, food processing and water purification

Textile Fiber Microscopy

Textile Fiber Microscopy Book
Author : Ivana Markova
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-02-20
ISBN : 1119320089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A groundbreaking text to the study of textile fibers that bridges the knowledge gap between fiber shape and end uses Textile Fiber Microscopy offers an important and comprehensive guide to the study of textile fibers and contains a unique text that prioritizes a review of fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition. The author – a noted expert in the field – details many fiber types and includes all the possible fiber shapes with a number of illustrative micrographs. The author explores a wealth of topics such as fiber end uses, fiber source and production, a history of each fiber and the sustainability of the various fibers. The text includes a review of environmentally friendly fibers and contains information on the most current fiber science by putting the focus on fibers that have been mechanically or chemically recycled, for use in textile production. The author also offers an exploration of issues of textile waste and the lack of textile recycling that can help public policymakers with ways to inform and regulate post-industrial and post-consumer textile waste issues. This vital guide: Contains an accompanied micrograph for many fibers presented Includes information on how fiber microstructure is connected to fabric properties and how it affects the end use of fabrics Offers a review of the sophistication of textile fibers from a scientific point of view Presents a comparative textile fiber review that is appropriate for both for students, textile experts and forensic scientists Written for students and professionals of apparel design and merchandising, and forensic scientists, Textile Fiber Microscopy presents an important review of textile fibers from a unique perspective that explores fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition.