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Nanoengineered Biomaterials For Regenerative Medicine

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Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Masoud Mozafari,Jayakumar Rajadas,David Kaplan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-17
ISBN : 0128133562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine showcases the advances that have taken place in recent years as an increasing number of nanoengineered biomaterials have been targeted to various organ tissues. The book systematically explores how nanoengineered biomaterials are used in different aspects of regenerative medicine, including bone regeneration, brain tissue reconstruction and kidney repair. It is a valuable reference resource for scientists working in biomaterials science who want to learn more about how nanoengineered materials are practically applied in regenerative medicine. Nanoengineered biomaterials have gained particular focus due to their many advantages over conventional techniques for tissue repair. As a wide range of biomaterials and nanotechnology techniques have been examined for the regeneration of tissues, this book highlights the discussions and advancements made. Provides a digestible reference source for surgeons and physicians who want to learn more on nanoengineered biomaterials and their use in effective medical treatments Offers systematic coverage on how nanoengineered biomaterials are used for different types of medicine Assesses the benefits and drawbacks of the use of bioengineered nanomaterials in different areas of regenerative medicine

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Masoud Mozafari,Jayakumar Rajadas,David Kaplan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-28
ISBN : 9780128133552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine showcases the advances that have taken place in recent years as an increasing number of nanoengineered biomaterials have been targeted to various organ tissues. The book systematically explores how nanoengineered biomaterials are used in different aspects of regenerative medicine, including bone regeneration, brain tissue reconstruction and kidney repair. It is a valuable reference resource for scientists working in biomaterials science who want to learn more about how nanoengineered materials are practically applied in regenerative medicine. Nanoengineered biomaterials have gained particular focus due to their many advantages over conventional techniques for tissue repair. As a wide range of biomaterials and nanotechnology techniques have been examined for the regeneration of tissues, this book highlights the discussions and advancements made. Provides a digestible reference source for surgeons and physicians who want to learn more on nanoengineered biomaterials and their use in effective medical treatments Offers systematic coverage on how nanoengineered biomaterials are used for different types of medicine Assesses the benefits and drawbacks of the use of bioengineered nanomaterials in different areas of regenerative medicine

Nanoengineering in Musculoskeletal Regeneration

Nanoengineering in Musculoskeletal Regeneration Book
Author : Mehdi Razavi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-22
ISBN : 0128202629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoengineering in Musculoskeletal Regeneration provides the reader an updated summary of the therapeutic pipeline-from biomedical discovery to clinical implementation-aimed at improving treatments for patients with conditions of the muscles, tendons, cartilage, meniscus, and bone. Regenerative medicine focuses on using stem cell biology to advance medical therapies for devastating disorders. This text presents novel, significant, and interdisciplinary theoretical and experimental results related to nanoscience and nanotechnology in musculoskeletal regeneration. Content includes basic, translational, and clinical research addressing musculoskeletal repair and regeneration for the treatment of diseases and injuries of the skeleton and its associated tissues. Musculoskeletal degeneration and complications from injuries have become more prevalent as people live longer and increasingly participate in rigorous athletic and recreational activities. Additionally, defects in skeletal tissues may immobilize people and cause inflammation and pain. Musculoskeletal regeneration research provides solutions to repair, restore, or replace skeletal elements and associated tissues that are affected by acute injury, chronic degeneration, genetic dysfunction, and cancer-related defects. The goal of musculoskeletal regeneration medicine research is to improve quality of life and outcomes for people with musculoskeletal injury or degradation. Provides broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in musculoskeletal regeneration Offers useful guidance for physician-scientists with expertise in orthopedics, regenerative medicine, bioengineering, biomaterials, nanoengineering, stem cell biology, and chemistry Serves as a practical reference for many disciplines, including bioengineering, biomaterials, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, musculoskeletal regenerative medicine, and nanomedicine

Biomaterials for Cardiac Regeneration

Biomaterials for Cardiac Regeneration Book
Author : Erik J. Suuronen,Marc Ruel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-12
ISBN : 3319109723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers readers a comprehensive biomaterials-based approach to achieving clinically successful, functionally integrated vasculogenesis and myogenesis in the heart. Coverage is multidisciplinary, including the role of extracellular matrices in cardiac development, whole-heart tissue engineering, imaging the mechanisms and effects of biomaterial-based cardiac regeneration, and autologous bioengineered heart valves. Bringing current knowledge together into a single volume, this book provides a compendium to students and new researchers in the field and constitutes a platform to allow for future developments and collaborative approaches in biomaterials-based regenerative medicine, even beyond cardiac applications.

Nanotechnologies in Preventive and Regenerative Medicine

Nanotechnologies in Preventive and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Vuk Uskokovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 0323480640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnologies in Preventative and Regenerative Medicine demonstrates how control at the nanoscale can help achieve earlier diagnoses and create more effective treatments. Chapters take a logical approach, arranging materials by their area of application. Biomaterials are, by convention, divided according to the area of their application, with each chapter outlining current challenges before discussing how nanotechnology and nanomaterials can help solve these challenges This applications-orientated book is a valuable resource for researchers in biomedical science who want to gain a greater understanding on how nanotechnology can help create more effective vaccines and treatments, and to nanomaterials researchers seeking to gain a greater understanding of how these materials are applied in medicine. Demonstrates how nanotechnology can help achieve more successful diagnoses at an earlier stage Explains how nanomaterials can be manipulated to create more effective drug treatments Offers suggestions on how the use of nanotechnology might have future applications to create even more effective treatments

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery Book
Author : Masoud Mozafari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 0081029861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery explores the latest advances in the applications of nanoengineered biomaterials in drug delivery systems. The book covers a wide range of biomaterials and nanotechnology techniques that have been used for the delivery of different biological molecules and drugs in the human body. It is an important resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers working in biomedicine and those wanting to learn more on how nanoengineered biomaterials are being used to enhance drug delivery for a variety of diseases. Nanoengineered biomaterials have enhanced properties that make them more effective than conventional biomaterials as both drug delivery agents, and in the creation of new drug delivery systems. As nanoengineering becomes more cost-effective, nanoengineered biomaterials have become more widely used within biomedicine. Offers an informed overview on how nanoengineering biomaterials enhance their properties for drug delivery applications Discusses the major applications of nanoengineered biomaterials for drug delivery Outlines the major challenges for successfully implementing nanoengineered biomaterials into existing drug delivery systems

Cellular Response to Biomaterials

Cellular Response to Biomaterials Book
Author : Lucy Di Silvio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-12-22
ISBN : 184569547X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The response of cells to biomaterials is critical in medical devices. Traditionally inert biomaterials were used to minimise the reaction in cells in contact with the material. However, it has been realised that specific cell responses may be beneficial in such areas as encouraging adhesion, healing or cell multiplication. Cellular response to biomaterials discusses the response of cells to a wide range of biomaterials targeted at specific medical applications. Part one discusses cell responses to a variety of polymers and ceramics with chapters on such topics as degradable polymers and biocompatibility. Part two covers cell responses and regenerative medicine with coverage of themes such as vascular grafts, nerve repair and Bioglass®. Part three examines the effect of surfaces and proteins on cell response. Specific chapters review nano-engineered surfaces, the influence of plasma proteins on bone cell adhesion and surface modification of titanium implants. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Cellular response to biomaterials is an essential read for those researching or studying medical devices in industry and academia. Examines the response of cells to a wide range of biomaterials targeted at specific medical applications Discusses cell responses and regenerative medicine with specific chapters on vascular grafts and nerve repair Assesses the effect of surfaces and proteins on cell response including the influence of plasma proteins on cell adhesion and surface modification of titanium implants

Functional Nanomaterials for Regenerative Tissue Medicines

Functional Nanomaterials for Regenerative Tissue Medicines Book
Author : Mariappan Rajan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-09
ISBN : 100048694X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers nanomaterials in tissue engineering for regenerative therapies of heart, skin, eye, skeletal muscle, and the nervous system. The book emphasizes fundamental design concepts and emerging forms of nanomaterials in soft- and hard-tissue engineering. FEATURES Fills a gap in the literature related to the application of nanomaterials in hard- and soft-tissue regeneration, repair, and restructure Discusses a variety of applications, including cardiac, kidney, liver, bone, wound healing, artificial organs, and dental Presents advantages and limitations of various nanomaterials alongside future challenges Functional Nanomaterials for Regenerative Tissue Medicines is essential for academics and industry professionals working in tissue engineering, biomedicine, biopharmaceuticals, and nanotechnology. It is primarily intended for materials researchers (to develop the platforms related to tissue regeneration) as well as clinicians (to learn and apply nanomaterials in their practice) and industrial scientists (to develop commercial blood substitute products).

Tissue Engineering

Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Chandra P. Sharma,Thomas Chandy,Vinoy Thomas,Finosh G. Thankam
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-01-25
ISBN : 0128240652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tissue Engineering: Current Status and Challenges bridges the gap between biomedical scientists and clinical practitioners. The work reviews the history of tissue engineering, covers the basics required for the beginner, and inspires those in the field toward future research and application emerging in this fast-moving field. Written by global experts in the field for those studying and researching tissue engineering, the book reviews regenerative technologies, stem cell research and regeneration of organs. It then moves to soft tissue engineering (heart, vascular, muscle and 3D scaffolding and printing), hard tissue engineering (bone, dental myocardial and musculoskeletal) and translational avenues in the field. Introduces readers to the history and benefits of tissue engineering Includes coverage of new techniques and technologies, such as nanotechnology and nanoengineering Presents concepts, ideology and theories which form the foundation for next-generation tissue engineering

Nanoengineering Materials for Biomedical Uses

Nanoengineering Materials for Biomedical Uses Book
Author : Emilio I. Alarcon,Manuel Ahumada
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-02
ISBN : 3030312615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills the gap between fundamental and applied research in the use of nanomaterials in biomedical applications, covering the most relevant areas, such as the fundamental concepts of the preparation of nanostructures and regulatory requirements for their safe use in biomedical devices. It also critically discusses what has been achieved in the field, and what needs to be urgently addressed and reviews the state-of-the-art medical uses of nanomaterials for treating damaged organs and tissues. Combining the expertise of clinical researchers working in the field of tissue engineering and novel materials, the book explores the main topics regarding the characterization of materials, specific organ-oriented biomaterials and their applications, as well as regulations and safety. Further, it also examines recent advances, difficulties, and clinical requirements in terms of human bone, cornea, heart, skin and the nervous system, allowing readers to gain a clear and comprehensive understanding of current nanomaterial use in biomedical applications and devices, together with the challenges and future trends. This book is a valuable tool for multidisciplinary scientists and experts interested in fundamental concepts and synthetic routes for preparing nanomaterials. It is also of interest to students and researchers involved in cross-disciplinary research in nanomaterials for clinical applications and offers practical insights for clinicians as well as engineers and materials scientists working in nanoengineering.

Neural Regenerative Nanomedicine

Neural Regenerative Nanomedicine Book
Author : Mehdi Razavi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-17
ISBN : 0128202238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neural Regenerative Nanomedicine presents novel, significant, experimental results relating to nanoscience and nanotechnology in neural regeneration. As current research is at the forefront of healing the nervous system, the content in the book focuses on basic, translational and clinical research in neural repair and regeneration. Chapters focus on stem cell biology to advance medical therapies for devastating disorders, the complex, delicate structures that make up the nervous system, and neurodegenerative diseases that cause progressive deterioration, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis and multiple system atrophy. Presents a multidisciplinary focus on all research areas surrounding the applications of nanotechnology in neural regeneration Provides a guide for physician and scientists, including necessary expertise for bioengineers, materials engineers, those in biomaterials and nanoengineering, stem cell biologists, and chemists Covers many disciplines, including bioengineering, biomaterials, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, neural regenerative medicine, and nanomedicine

Stem Cell Nanoengineering

Stem Cell Nanoengineering Book
Author : H. Baharvand
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-30
ISBN : 1118540611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem Cell Nanoengineering reviews the applications of nanotechnology in the fields of stem cells, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Topics addressed include various types of stem cells, underlying principles of nanobiotechnology, the making of nano-scaffolds, nano tissue engineering, applications of nanotechnology in stem cell tracking and molecular imaging, nano-devices, as well as stem cell nano-engineering from bench to bedside. Written by renowned experts in their respective fields, chapters describe and explore a wide variety of topics in stem cell nanoengineering, making the book a valuable resource for both researchers and clinicians in biomedical and bioengineering fields.

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells Tissues and Organs

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells  Tissues and Organs Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 0128136669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells: Tissues and Organs showcases recent advances in pharmaceutical nanotechnology, with particular emphasis on tissue engineering, organ and cell applications. The book provides an up-to-date overview of organ targeting and cell targeting using nanotechnology. In addition, tissue engineering applications, such as skin regeneration are also discussed. Written by a diverse range of international academics, this book is a valuable research resource for researchers working in the biomaterials, medical and pharmaceutical industries. Explains how nanomaterials regulate different cell behavior and function as a carrier for different biomolecules Shows how nanobiomaterials and nanobiodevices are used in a range of treatment areas, such as skin tissue, wound healing and bone regeneration Discusses nanomaterial preparation strategies for pharmaceutical application and regenerative medicine

Bionanomaterials for Dental Applications

Bionanomaterials for Dental Applications Book
Author : Mieczyslaw Jurczyk
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-26
ISBN : 9814303844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to the structure and characteristics of nanomaterials and their applications in dentistry. With currently available implant materials, the clinical failure rate varies from a few percent to over 10 percent and new materials are clearly needed. Nanomaterials offer the promise of higher strength, better bonding, less toxicity, and enhanced cytocompatibility, leading to increased tissue regeneration. Mieczyslaw Jurczyk, director of the Institute of Materials Science and Engineering at the Poznan University of Technology in Poland, has drawn from work in his laboratory and elsewhere in Poland to show that nanomaterials have important biological applications including in the stomatognathic system consisting of mouth, jaws, and associated structures. The book is written from a materials science and medical point of view and has 13 chapters and about 400 pages. The book can be divided approximately into three sections: the first five chapters introduce nanobiomaterials, the next five chapters describe their dental applications, and the last chapters describe their biocompatibility. Chapter 3 is a compendium on metallic biomaterials such as stainless steel, cobalt alloys, and titanium alloys; bioactive, bioresorbable polymers; and composites and ceramic biomaterials. The "top-down" approach to producing nanomaterials such as high-energy ballmilling and severe plastic deformation, as well as Feynman’s "bottom-up technique" of building atom by atom, are discussed in the next chapter. Subsequent chapters discuss each material in depth and point out how new architectures and properties emerge at the nanoscale. Chapter 8 is devoted to shape-memory materials, which now include not only NiTi but also polymers and magnetic materials. In order to improve bonding, nanomaterials can be used to synthesize implants with surface roughness similar to that of natural tissues. Chapter 9 is devoted to different surface treatments for Ti-based nanomaterials, such as anodic oxidation to improve the bioactivity of titanium and improve the corrosion resistance of porous titanium and its alloys. The use of carbon in various forms—nanoparticles, nanofibers, nanotubes, and thin films—is discussed next with emphasis on the microstructure and properties of these materials, their implant applications, and their interaction with subcutaneous tissues. Nanomaterials can be used in preventive dentistry and therefore can reduce the amount of dental treatment that is necessary to maintain a healthy mouth as argued in chapter 11. In a subsequent chapter, the author explains osseointegration (direct bone-to-metal interface) from a biological point of view and early tissue response. The mechanism of the interaction between the implanted materials with the cellular protein in the tissues is described. The last chapter discusses the application of new nanostructured materials in permanent and bioresorbable implants, nanosurface dental implants, and nanostructured dental composite restorative materials. This book not only focuses on nanomaterials but also on nanoengineering to achieve the best results in dentistry. It is recommended to anyone interested in nanomaterials and their applications in dental science. People with a background in materials, chemistry, physics, and biology will benefit from it.

Bioengineering in Cell and Tissue Research

Bioengineering in Cell and Tissue Research Book
Author : Gerhard M. Artmann,Shu Chien
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-09
ISBN : 3540754091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cutting edge research in cell and tissue research abounds in this review of the latest technological developments in the area. The chapters are written by excellent scientists on advanced, frontier technology and address scientific questions that require considerable engineering brainpower. The aim is to provide students and scientists working in academia and industry new information on bioengineering in cell and tissue research to enhance their understanding and innovation.

Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook

Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook Book
Author : Sam Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-05-24
ISBN : 9781439849958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written in a versatile, contemporary style that will benefit both novice and expert alike, Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook, Two-Volume Set covers the state of the art in the development and implementation of advanced thin films and coatings in the biological field. Consisting of two volumes—Processing and Characterization and Applications—this handbook details the latest understanding of advances in the design and performance of biological and biomedical coatings, covering a vast array of material types, including bio-ceramics, polymers, glass, chitosan, and nanomaterials. Contributors delve into a wide range of novel techniques used in the manufacture and testing of clinical applications for coatings in the medical field, particularly in the emerging area of regenerative medicine. An exploration of the fundamentals elements of biological and biomedical coatings, the first volume, Processing and Characterization, addresses: Synthesis, fabrication, and characterization of nanocoatings The sol-gel method and electrophoretic deposition Thermal and plasma spraying Hydroxyapatite and organically modified coatings Bioceramics and bioactive glass-based coatings Hydrothermal crystallization and self-healing effects Physical and chemical vapor deposition Layered assembled polyelectrolyte films With chapters authored by world experts at the forefront of research in their respective areas, this timely set provides searing insights and practical information to explore a subject that is fundamental to the success of biotechnological pursuits.

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery Book
Author : Masoud Mozafari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 0081029853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery explores the latest advances in the applications of nanoengineered biomaterials in drug delivery systems. The book covers a wide range of biomaterials and nanotechnology techniques that have been used for the delivery of different biological molecules and drugs in the human body. It is an important resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers working in biomedicine and those wanting to learn more on how nanoengineered biomaterials are being used to enhance drug delivery for a variety of diseases. Nanoengineered biomaterials have enhanced properties that make them more effective than conventional biomaterials as both drug delivery agents, and in the creation of new drug delivery systems. As nanoengineering becomes more cost-effective, nanoengineered biomaterials have become more widely used within biomedicine. Offers an informed overview on how nanoengineering biomaterials enhance their properties for drug delivery applications Discusses the major applications of nanoengineered biomaterials for drug delivery Outlines the major challenges for successfully implementing nanoengineered biomaterials into existing drug delivery systems

Nanobiomaterial Engineering

Nanobiomaterial Engineering Book
Author : Pranjal Chandra,Rajiv Prakash
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-25
ISBN : 9813298405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively documents the application of Nanobiomaterials in the field of bio-medicine and diagnostics technologies by involving classical concepts/examples. Nanobiotechnology is an emerging area which encompasses all the facets of research of nano and biomaterials with their interaction with biological systems. The book briefly summarizes the various types of Nanomaterial’s, and highlights the recent developments in the synthesis of the nanomaterials for the diagnostic and therapeutic biomedical applications. It skilfully reviews the utilization of the nanomaterials alone or in combination with other bio-molecules as a contrast enhancer in in-vivo imaging, Nano-Theranostics, drug delivery, and sensing transducer matrix. It also discusses the current research on designing of the new Nanobiomaterials and their implementation in numerous fields including bio-medicine and diagnostics. Finally, it summarizes the future prospects and the commercial viability of Nanobiomaterials in the human health care.​

Micro and Nanotechnologies in Engineering Stem Cells and Tissues

Micro and Nanotechnologies in Engineering Stem Cells and Tissues Book
Author : Murugan Ramalingam,Esmaiel Jabbari,Seeram Ramakrishna,Ali Khademhosseini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-10
ISBN : 111857480X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A cutting-edge look at the application of micro andnanotechnologies in regenerative medicine The area at the interface of micro/nanotechnology and stemcells/tissue engineering has seen an explosion of activity inrecent years. This book provides a much-needed overview of theseexciting developments, covering all aspects of micro andnanotechnologies, from the fundamental principles to the latestresearch to applications in regenerative medicine. Written and edited by the top researchers in the field, Microand Nanotechnologies in Engineering Stem Cells and Tissuesdescribes advances in material systems along with currenttechniques available for cell, tissue, and organ studies. Readerswill gain tremendous insight into the state of the art of stemcells and tissue engineering, and learn how to use the technologyin their own research or clinical trials. Coverage includes: Technologies for controlling or regulating stem cell and tissuegrowth Various engineering approaches for stem cell, vascular tissue,and bone regeneration The design and processing of biocompatible polymers and otherbiomaterials Characterization of the interactions between cells andbiomaterials Unrivaled among books of this kind, Micro andNanotechnologies in Engineering Stem Cells and Tissues is theultimate forward-looking reference for researchers in numerousdisciplines, from engineering and materials science to biomedicine,and for anyone wishing to understand the trends in thistransformative field.

Inorganic Biomaterials

Inorganic Biomaterials Book
Author : Xiang C Zhang
Publisher : Smithers Rapra
Release : 2014-06-26
ISBN : 1909030414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a practical guide to the use and applications of inorganic biomaterials. It begins by introducing the concept of inorganic biomaterials, which includes bioceramics and bioglass. This concept is further extended to hybrid biomaterials consisting of inorganic and organic materials to mimic natural biomaterials. The book goes on to provide the reader with information on biocompatibility, bioactivity and bioresorbability. The concept of the latter is important because of the increasing role resorbable biomaterials are playing in implant applications. The book also introduces a new concept on mechanical compatibility - 'mechacompatibility'. Almost all implant biomaterials employed to date, such as metal and ceramic implants, do not meet this biological requirement as they have far higher modulus than any biomaterials in the body. The practical techniques that are used in the characterization of biomaterials, including chemical, physical, biological, microscopy and mechanical characterization are described. Some specialised techniques are also introduced such as Synchrotron Micro-Computed Tomography (u-CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The reader is given important information on new biomaterials development for orthopaedic and other areas, including controlled release technology, hydroxyapatite and hybrid bioresorbable materials. Finally the book provides a guide to regulatory considerations, an area which is often overlooked, but is an important part of R&D and manufacturing of medical materials and devices.