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Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 0128133546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoelectronics: Devices, Circuits and Systems explores current and emerging trends in the field of nanoelectronics, from both a devices-to-circuits and circuits-to-systems perspective. It covers a wide spectrum and detailed discussion on the field of nanoelectronic devices, circuits and systems. This book presents an in-depth analysis and description of electron transport phenomenon at nanoscale dimensions. Both qualitative and analytical approaches are taken to explore the devices, circuit functionalities and their system applications at deep submicron and nanoscale levels. Recent devices, including FinFET, Tunnel FET, and emerging materials, including graphene, and its applications are discussed. In addition, a chapter on advanced VLSI interconnects gives clear insight to the importance of these nano-transmission lines in determining the overall IC performance. The importance of integration of optics with electronics is elucidated in the optoelectronics and photonic integrated circuit sections of this book. This book provides valuable resource materials for scientists and electrical engineers who want to learn more about nanoscale electronic materials and how they are used. Shows how electronic transport works at the nanoscale level Demonstrates how nanotechnology can help engineers create more effective circuits and systems Assesses the most commonly used nanoelectronic devices, explaining which is best for different situations

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Seng Ghee Tan,Mansoor B. A Jalil
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-28
ISBN : 0857095889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the physics of nanoelectronics, with a focus on the theoretical aspects of nanoscale devices. The book begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics, to facilitate the understanding of subsequent chapters. It goes on to encompass quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices. Theoretical methodology is developed using quantum mechanical and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) techniques to calculate electronic currents and elucidate their transport properties at the atomic scale. The spin Hall effect is explained and its application to the emerging field of spintronics – where an electron’s spin as well as its charge is utilised – is discussed. Topological dynamics and gauge potential are introduced with the relevant mathematics, and their application in nanoelectronic systems is explained. Graphene, one of the most promising carbon-based nanostructures for nanoelectronics, is also explored. Begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics Encompasses quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices Comprehensively introduces topological dynamics and gauge potential with the relevant mathematics, and extensively discusses their application in nanoelectronic systems

Nanoelectronics and Nanosystems

Nanoelectronics and Nanosystems Book
Author : Karl Goser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662054213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible introduction for electronic engineers, computer scientists and physicists. The overview covers all aspects from underlying technologies to circuits and systems. The challenge of nanoelectronics is not only to manufacture minute structures but also to develop innovative systems for effective integration of the billions of devices. On the system level, various architectures are presented and important features of systems, such as design strategies, processing power, and reliability are discussed. Many specific technologies are presented, including molecular devices, quantum electronic devices, resonant tunnelling devices, single electron devices, superconducting devices, and even devices for DNA and quantum computing. The book also compares these devices with current silicon technologies and discusses limits of electronics and the future of nanosystems.

Introduction to Nanoelectronics

Introduction to Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Vladimir V. Mitin,Viatcheslav A. Kochelap,Michael A. Stroscio
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0521881722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textbook presenting the fundamentals of nanoscience and nanotechnology with a view to nanoelectronics. Covers the underlying physics; nanostructures, including nanoobjects; methods for growth, fabrication and characterization of nanomaterials; and nanodevices. Provides a unifying framework for the basic ideas needed to understand the recent developments in the field. Includes numerous illustrations, homework problems and a number of interactive Java applets. For advanced undergraduate and graduate students in electrical and electronic engineering, nanoscience, materials, bioengineering and chemical engineering. Instructor solutions and Java applets available from www.cambridge.org/9780521881722.

Nanotechnology and Nanoelectronics

Nanotechnology and Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Wolfgang Fahrner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-12-05
ISBN : 3540266216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Split a human hair thirty thousand times, and you have the equivalent of a nanometer. The aim of this work is to provide an introduction into nanotechnology for the s- entifically interested. However, such an enterprise requires a balance between comprehensibility and scientific accuracy. In case of doubt, preference is given to the latter. Much more than in microtechnology – whose fundamentals we assume to be known – a certain range of engineering and natural sciences are interwoven in nanotechnology. For instance, newly developed tools from mechanical engine- ing are essential in the production of nanoelectronic structures. Vice versa, - chanical shifts in the nanometer range demand piezoelectric-operated actuators. Therefore, special attention is given to a comprehensive presentation of the matter. In our time, it is no longer sufficient to simply explain how an electronic device operates; the materials and procedures used for its production and the measuring instruments used for its characterization are equally important. The main chapters as well as several important sections in this book end in an evaluation of future prospects. Unfortunately, this way of separating coherent - scription from reflection and speculation could not be strictly maintained. So- times, the complete description of a device calls for discussion of its inherent - tential; the hasty reader in search of the general perspective is therefore advised to study this work’s technical chapters as well.

Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Robert Puers,Livio Baldi,Marcel Van de Voorde,Sebastiaan E. van Nooten
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 352734053X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering first-hand insights by top scientists and industry experts at the forefront of R&D into nanoelectronics, this book neatly links the underlying technological principles with present and future applications. A brief introduction is followed by an overview of present and emerging logic devices, memories and power technologies. Specific chapters are dedicated to the enabling factors, such as new materials, characterization techniques, smart manufacturing and advanced circuit design. The second part of the book provides detailed coverage of the current state and showcases real future applications in a wide range of fields: safety, transport, medicine, environment, manufacturing, and social life, including an analysis of emerging trends in the internet of things and cyber-physical systems. A survey of main economic factors and trends concludes the book. Highlighting the importance of nanoelectronics in the core fields of communication and information technology, this is essential reading for materials scientists, electronics and electrical engineers, as well as those working in the semiconductor and sensor industries.

Nanoelectronics and Photonics

Nanoelectronics and Photonics Book
Author : Anatoli Korkin,Federico Rosei
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-23
ISBN : 9780387764993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoelectronics and Photonics provides a fundamental description of the core elements and problems of advanced and future information technology. The authoritative book collects a series of tutorial chapters from leaders in the field covering fundamental topics from materials to devices and system architecture, and bridges the fundamental laws of physics and chemistry of materials at the atomic scale with device and circuit design and performance requirements.

Silicon Nanoelectronics

Silicon Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Shunri Oda,David Ferry
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1420028642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological advancement in chip development, primarily based on the downscaling of the feature size of transistors, is threatening to come to a standstill as we approach the limits of conventional scaling. For example, when the number of electrons in a device's active region is reduced to less than ten electrons (or holes), quantum fluctuation errors will occur, and when gate insulator thickness becomes too insignificant to block quantum mechanical tunneling, unacceptable leakage will occur. Fortunately, there is truth in the old adage that whenever a door closes, a window opens somewhere else. In this case, that window opening is nanotechnology. Silicon Nanoelectronics takes a look at at the recent development of novel devices and materials that hold great promise for the creation of still smaller and more powerful chips. Silicon nanodevices are positoned to be particularly relevant in consideration of the existing silicon process infrastructure already in place throughout the semiconductor industry and silicon's consequent compatibility with current CMOS circuits. This is reinforced by the nearly perfect interface that can exist between natural oxide and silicon. Presenting the contributions of more than 20 leading academic and corporate researchers from the United States and Japan, Silicon Nanoelectronics offers a comprehensive look at this emergent technology. The text includes extensive background information on the physics of silicon nanodevices and practical CMOS scaling. It considers such issues as quantum effects and ballistic transport and resonant tunneling in silicon nanotechnology. A significant amount of attention is given to the all-important silicon single electron transistors and the devices that utilize them. In offering an update of the current state-of-the-art in the field of silicon nanoelectronics, this volume serves well as a concise reference for students, scientists, engineers, and specialists in various fields, in

Granular Nanoelectronics

Granular Nanoelectronics Book
Author : David Ferry,John R. Barker,Carlo Jacoboni
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1991-07-31
ISBN : 9780306438813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The technological means now exists for approaching the fundamentallimiting scales of solid state electronics in which a single carrier can, in principle, represent a single bit in an information flow. In this light, the prospect of chemically, or biologically, engineered molccular-scale structures which might support information processing functions has enticed workers for many years. The one common factor in all suggested molecular switches, ranging from the experimentally feasible proton-tunneling structure, to natural systems such as the micro-tubule, is that each proposed structure deals with individual information carrying entities. Whereas this future molecular electronics faces enormous technical challenges, the same Iimit is already appearing in existing semiconducting quantum wires and small tunneling structures, both superconducting and normal meta! devices, in which the motion of a single eh arge through the tunneling barrier can produce a sufficient voltage change to cut-off further tunneling current. We may compare the above situation with today's Si microelectronics, where each bit is encoded as a very !arge number, not necessarily fixed, of electrons within acharge pulse. The associated reservoirs and sinks of charge carriers may be profitably tapped and manipulated to proviele macro-currents which can be readily amplified or curtailed. On the other band, modern semiconductor ULSI has progressed by adopting a linear scaling principle to the down-sizing of individual semiconductor devices.

Introductory Nanoelectronics

Introductory Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-17
ISBN : 1351204653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introductory text develops the reader’s fundamental understanding of core principles and experimental aspects underlying the operation of nanoelectronic devices. The author makes a thorough and systematic presentation of electron transport in quantum-confined systems such as quantum dots, quantum wires, and quantum wells together with Landauer-Büttiker formalism and non-equilibrium Green’s function approach. The coverage encompasses nanofabrication techniques and characterization tools followed by a comprehensive exposition of nanoelectronic devices including resonant tunneling diodes, nanoscale MOSFETs, carbon nanotube FETs, high-electron-mobility transistors, single-electron transistors, and heterostructure optoelectronic devices. The writing throughout is simple and straightforward, with clearly drawn illustrations and extensive self-study exercises for each chapter. Introduces the basic concepts underlying the operation of nanoelectronic devices. Offers a broad overview of the field, including state-of-the-art developments. Covers the relevant quantum and solid-state physics and nanoelectronic device principles. Written in lucid language with accessible mathematical treatment. Includes extensive end-of-chapter exercises and many insightful diagrams.

Advanced Nanoelectronics

Advanced Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Razali Ismail,Mohammad Taghi Ahmadi,Sohail Anwar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-17
ISBN : 143985680X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While theories based on classical physics have been very successful in helping experimentalists design microelectronic devices, new approaches based on quantum mechanics are required to accurately model nanoscale transistors and to predict their characteristics even before they are fabricated. Advanced Nanoelectronics provides research information on advanced nanoelectronics concepts, with a focus on modeling and simulation. Featuring contributions by researchers actively engaged in nanoelectronics research, it develops and applies analytical formulations to investigate nanoscale devices. The book begins by introducing the basic ideas related to quantum theory that are needed to better understand nanoscale structures found in nanoelectronics, including graphenes, carbon nanotubes, and quantum wells, dots, and wires. It goes on to highlight some of the key concepts required to understand nanotransistors. These concepts are then applied to the carbon nanotube field effect transistor (CNTFET). Several chapters cover graphene, an unzipped form of CNT that is the recently discovered allotrope of carbon that has gained a tremendous amount of scientific and technological interest. The book discusses the development of the graphene nanoribbon field effect transistor (GNRFET) and its use as a possible replacement to overcome the CNT chirality challenge. It also examines silicon nanowire (SiNW) as a new candidate for achieving the downscaling of devices. The text describes the modeling and fabrication of SiNW, including a new top-down fabrication technique. Strained technology, which changes the properties of device materials rather than changing the device geometry, is also discussed. The book ends with a look at the technical and economic challenges that face the commercialization of nanoelectronics and what universities, industries, and government can do to lower the barriers. A useful resource for professionals, researchers, and scientists, this work brings together state-of-the-art technical and scientific information on important topics in advanced nanoelectronics.

Graphene Nanoelectronics

Graphene Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Hassan Raza
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-05
ISBN : 3642229840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene is a perfectly two-dimensional single-atom thin membrane with zero bandgap. It has attracted huge attention due to its linear dispersion around the Dirac point, excellent transport properties, novel magnetic characteristics, and low spin-orbit coupling. Graphene and its nanostructures may have potential applications in spintronics, photonics, plasmonics and electronics. This book brings together a team of experts to provide an overview of the most advanced topics in theory, experiments, spectroscopy and applications of graphene and its nanostructures. It covers the state-of-the-art in tutorial-like and review-like manner to make the book useful not only to experts, but also newcomers and graduate students.

Micro and Nanoelectronics

Micro  and Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Tomasz Brozek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351831348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro- and Nanoelectronics: Emerging Device Challenges and Solutions presents a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of micro- and nanoelectronics, covering the field from fundamental science and material properties to novel ways of making nanodevices. Containing contributions from experts in both industry and academia, this cutting-edge text: Discusses emerging silicon devices for CMOS technologies, fully depleted device architectures, characteristics, and scaling Explains the specifics of silicon compound devices (SiGe, SiC) and their unique properties Explores various options for post-CMOS nanoelectronics, such as spintronic devices and nanoionic switches Describes the latest developments in carbon nanotubes, iii-v devices structures, and more Micro- and Nanoelectronics: Emerging Device Challenges and Solutions provides an excellent representation of a complex engineering field, examining emerging materials and device architecture alternatives with the potential to shape the future of nanotechnology.

Computer Arithmetics for Nanoelectronics

Computer Arithmetics for Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Vlad P. Shmerko,Svetlana N. Yanushkevich,Sergey Edward Lyshevski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-02-23
ISBN : 1420066218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasizes the Basic Principles of Computational Arithmetic and Computational Structure Design Taking an interdisciplinary approach to the nanoscale generation of computer devices and systems, Computer Arithmetics for Nanoelectronics develops a consensus between computational properties provided by data structures and phenomenological properties of nano and molecular technology. Covers All Stages of the Design Cycle, from Task Formulation to Molecular-Based Implementation The book introduces the theoretical base and properties of various data structures, along with techniques for their manipulation, optimization, and implementation. It also assigns the computational properties of logic design data structures to 3D structures, furnishes information-theoretical measures and design aspects, and discusses the testability problem. The last chapter presents a nanoscale prospect for natural computing based on assorted computing paradigms from nature. Balanced Coverage of State-of-the-Art Concepts, Techniques, and Practices Up-to-date, comprehensive, and pragmatic in its approach, this text provides a unified overview of the relationship between the fundamentals of digital system design, computer architectures, and micro- and nanoelectronics.

Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics

Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Anupama B. Kaul
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1466509554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composed of contributions from top experts, Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics: Materials, Devices and Manufacturability offers a detailed overview of important recent scientific and technological developments in the rapidly evolving nanoelectronics arena. Under the editorial guidance and technical expertise of noted materials scientist Anupama B. Kaul of California Institute of Technology’s Jet Propulsion Lab, this book captures the ascent of microelectronics into the nanoscale realm. It addresses a wide variety of important scientific and technological issues in nanoelectronics research and development. The book also showcases some key application areas of micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) that have reached the commercial realm. Capitalizing on Dr. Kaul’s considerable technical experience with micro- and nanotechnologies and her extensive research in prestigious academic and industrial labs, the book offers a fresh perspective on application-driven research in micro- and nanoelectronics, including MEMS. Chapters explore how rapid developments in this area are transitioning from the lab to the market, where new and exciting materials, devices, and manufacturing technologies are revolutionizing the electronics industry. Although many micro- and nanotechnologies still face major scientific and technological challenges and remain within the realm of academic research labs, rapid advances in this area have led to the recent emergence of new applications and markets. This handbook encapsulates that exciting recent progress by providing high-quality content contributed by international experts from academia, leading industrial institutions—such as Hewlett-Packard—and government laboratories including the U.S. Department of Energy’s Sandia National Laboratory. Offering something for everyone, from students to scientists to entrepreneurs, this book showcases the broad spectrum of cutting-edge technologies that show significant promise for electronics and related applications in which nanotechnology plays a key role.

Metrology and Diagnostic Techniques for Nanoelectronics

Metrology and Diagnostic Techniques for Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Zhiyong Ma,David G. Seiler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 135173394X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoelectronics is changing the way the world communicates, and is transforming our daily lives. Continuing Moore’s law and miniaturization of low-power semiconductor chips with ever-increasing functionality have been relentlessly driving R&D of new devices, materials, and process capabilities to meet performance, power, and cost requirements. This book covers up-to-date advances in research and industry practices in nanometrology, critical for continuing technology scaling and product innovation. It holistically approaches the subject matter and addresses emerging and important topics in semiconductor R&D and manufacturing. It is a complete guide for metrology and diagnostic techniques essential for process technology, electronics packaging, and product development and debugging—a unique approach compared to other books. The authors are from academia, government labs, and industry and have vast experience and expertise in the topics presented. The book is intended for all those involved in IC manufacturing and nanoelectronics and for those studying nanoelectronics process and assembly technologies or working in device testing, characterization, and diagnostic techniques.

2D Materials for Nanoelectronics

2D Materials for Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Michel Houssa,Athanasios Dimoulas,Alessandro Molle
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-05-05
ISBN : 1498704182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major developments in the semiconductor industry are on the horizon through the use of two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, for integrated circuits (ICs). 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics is the first comprehensive treatment of these materials and their applications in nanoelectronic devices. Comprised of chapters authored by internationally recognised researchers, this book: Discusses the use of graphene for high-frequency analog circuits Explores logic and photonic applications of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) Addresses novel 2D materials including silicene, germanene, stanene, and phosphorene Considers the use of 2D materials for both field-effect transistors (FETs) and logic circuits Provides background on the simulation of structural, electronic, and transport properties from first principles 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics presents extensive, state-of-the-art coverage of the fundamental and applied aspects of this exciting field.

Plasmonic Nanoelectronics and Sensing

Plasmonic Nanoelectronics and Sensing Book
Author : Er-Ping Li,Hong-Son Chu
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-02-13
ISBN : 1107729270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plasmonic nanostructures provide new ways of manipulating the flow of light with nanostructures and nanoparticles exhibiting optical properties never before seen in the macro-world. Covering plasmonic technology from fundamental theory to real world applications, this work provides a comprehensive overview of the field. • Discusses the fundamental theory of plasmonics, enabling a deeper understanding of plasmonic technology • Details numerical methods for modeling, design and optimization of plasmonic nanostructures • Includes step-by-step design guidelines for active and passive plasmonic devices, demonstrating the implementation of real devices in the standard CMOS nanoscale electronic-photonic integrated circuit to help cut design, fabrication and characterisation time and cost • Includes real-world case studies of plasmonic devices and sensors, explaining the benefits and downsides of different nanophotonic integrated circuits and sensing platforms. Ideal for researchers, engineers and graduate students in the fields of nanophotonics and nanoelectronics as well as optical biosensing.

The Physics of Nanoelectronics

The Physics of Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Tero T. Heikkilä
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-02-01
ISBN : 0191654469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in nanotechnology have allowed physicists and engineers to miniaturize electronic structures to the limit where finite-size related phenomena start to impact their properties. This book discusses such phenomena and models made for their description. The book starts from the semiclassical description of nonequilibrium effects, details the scattering theory used for quantum transport calculations, and explains the main interference effects. It also describes how to treat fluctuations and correlations, how interactions affect transport through small islands, and how superconductivity modifies these effects. The last two chapters describe new emerging fields related with graphene and nanoelectromechanics. The focus of the book is on the phenomena rather than formalism, but the book still explains in detail the main models constructed for these phenomena. It also introduces a number of electronic devices, including the single-electron transistor, the superconducting tunnel junction refrigerator, and the superconducting quantum bit.

Coupled Multiscale Simulation and Optimization in Nanoelectronics

Coupled Multiscale Simulation and Optimization in Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Michael Günther
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-15
ISBN : 3662466724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designing complex integrated circuits relies heavily on mathematical methods and calls for suitable simulation and optimization tools. The current design approach involves simulations and optimizations in different physical domains (device, circuit, thermal, electromagnetic) and in a range of electrical engineering disciplines (logic, timing, power, crosstalk, signal integrity, system functionality). COMSON was a Marie Curie Research Training Network created to meet these new scientific and training challenges by (a) developing new descriptive models that take these mutual dependencies into account, (b) combining these models with existing circuit descriptions in new simulation strategies and (c) developing new optimization techniques that will accommodate new designs. The book presents the main project results in the fields of PDAE modeling and simulation, model order reduction techniques and optimization, based on merging the know-how of three major European semiconductor companies with the combined expertise of university groups specialized in developing suitable mathematical models, numerical schemes and e-learning facilities. In addition, a common Demonstrator Platform for testing mathematical methods and approaches was created to assess whether they are capable of addressing the industry’s problems, and to educate young researchers by providing hands-on experience with state-of-the-art problems.