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Nanocrystalline Titanium

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Nanocrystalline Titanium

Nanocrystalline Titanium Book
Author : Halina Garbacz,Irina P. Semenova,Sergey Zherebtsov,Maciej Motyka
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-17
ISBN : 0128146001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocrystalline Titanium discusses the features of nanocrystalline titanium production by various SPD methods, also comparing their microstructure and properties. The authors characterize the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ultrafine grained titanium, indicating which are crucial for their application. Titanium alloys are characterized by high specific strength combined with excellent corrosion resistance, whereas the mechanical properties of pure (or commercial purity - CP) titanium are much lower. SPD methods are proving to be an effective way to increase strength, even to a level typical for structural titanium alloys. This book is useful for academics and professionals studying the behavior of metallic materials. Discusses various SPD techniques and their applications for titanium Previews the limitations of SPD methods for titanium, along with the problems that can be encountered during production Characterizes the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ultrafine grained titanium and indicates which are crucial for its production applications

Nanocrystalline Materials

Nanocrystalline Materials Book
Author : Aleksandr Ivanovich Gusev,Andreĭ Andreevich Rempelʹ
Publisher : Cambridge Int Science Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 1898326266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the monograph, the first of this type in the world, the authors discuss systematically the current state of investigations into nanocrystalline materials. The experimental results on the effect of the nanocrystalline state on the microstructure and the mechanical, thermophysical, optical, and magnetic properties of metals, alloys and solid-phase compounds are generalised. Special attention is given to the main methods of production of isolated nanoparticles, ultrafine powders and dense nanocrystalline materials. The dimensional effects in isolated nanoparticles and high-density nanocrystalline materials are discussed in detail, and the important role of the interface in the formation of the structure and properties of dense nanocrystalline materials is shown. The modelling considerations, explaining special features of the structure and anomalous properties of substances in the nanocrystalline condition, are analysed.

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors Book
Author : Oleksandr Stroyuk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-07
ISBN : 3319688790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains the use of nanocrystalline semiconductors in the harvesting of energy from solar light. It introduces promising methodology and technology which may help to increase the efficiency of light harvesting – one of the major challenges on the way toward sustainable energy generation.The book starts with a general introduction to the photochemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals. In the introductory chapter, the author also provides a frank and critical discussion on perspectives and limitations of the photocatalytic processes for solar light conversion including a historical account on semiconductor photocatalysis. He discusses that (and also why) it is a long way from laboratory prototypes to real sustainable technologies.The following chapters outline the conversion of solar light energy in semiconductor nanophotocatalysis on the one hand, and to (electric) energy in nanocrystalline semiconductor-based solar cells on the other hand. Topics addressed include nanophotocatalytic hydrogen production, artificial photosynthesis, quantum-dot sensitized liquid-junction and bulk heterojunction solar cells. Perspectives and opportunities, but also bottlenecks and limitations are discussed and the novel systems compared with established technology, such as classical silicon solar cells. While readers in this way learn to understand the basics and get introduced to the current research in the field, the final chapter provides them with the necessary knowledge about methodology, both in synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanophotocatalysts and semiconductor nanomaterials, including examples for the practice of photocatalytic experiments and the studies of semiconductor-based solar cells.

Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium

Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium Book
Author : Vasisht Venkatesh,Adam L. Pilchak,John E. Allison,Sreeramamurthy Ankem,Rodney R. Boyer,Julie Christodoulou,Hamish L. Fraser,M. Ashraf Imam,Yoji Kosaka,Henry J. Rack,Amit Chatterjee,Andy Woodfield
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-26
ISBN : 1119296110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium.

Frontiers of Solid State Chemistry

Frontiers of Solid State Chemistry Book
Author : Shou-Hua Feng,Jie-Sheng Chen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9789812381057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid state chemistry is a multidisciplinary field that deals with the synthesis, structural characterization and properties of various solids, and it has been playing a more and more important role in the design and preparation of advanced materials. This book includes the excellent research results recently obtained by a wide spectrum of solid state chemists both from China and from abroad. Among the distinguished contributors are C N R Rao, M Greenblatt and Y T Qian, to name a few. A variety of subjects representing the frontiers of solid state chemistry ? which are categorized into solids with electrical, optical and magnetic properties; porous solids and catalysts; hybrid inorganic-organic solids; solid nanomaterials; and new synthetic methods and theory ? are presented. This book will benefit readers who are interested in the chemistry and physics of solids, as well as materials scientists and engineers.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: ? Chemistry Citation IndexTM? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings)

Damage and Fracture Mechanics

Damage and Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Taoufik Boukharouba,Mimoun Elboujdaini,Guy Pluvinage
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-09
ISBN : 904812669X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The First African InterQuadrennial ICF Conference “AIQ-ICF2008” on Damage and Fracture Mechanics – Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials and Structures”, Algiers, Algeria, June 1–5, 2008 is the first in the series of InterQuadrennial Conferences on Fracture to be held in the continent of Africa. During the conference, African researchers have shown that they merit a strong reputation in international circles and continue to make substantial contributions to the field of fracture mechanics. As in most countries, the research effort in Africa is und- taken at the industrial, academic, private sector and governmental levels, and covers the whole spectrum of fracture and fatigue. The AIQ-ICF2008 has brought together researchers and engineers to review and discuss advances in the development of methods and approaches on Damage and Fracture Mechanics. By bringing together the leading international experts in the field, AIQ-ICF promotes technology transfer and provides a forum for industry and researchers of the host nation to present their accomplishments and to develop new ideas at the highest level. International Conferences have an important role to play in the technology transfer process, especially in terms of the relationships to be established between the participants and the informal exchange of ideas that this ICF offers.

Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II

Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II Book
Author : Electrochemical Society. Energy Technology Division
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781566773164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Presentations of the 'Symposium on Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II' ... part of the 199th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society held in Washington, D.C. in March 2001"--Pref.

Materials and Diverse Technologies in Industry and Manufacture

Materials and Diverse Technologies in Industry and Manufacture Book
Author : Muhammad Yahaya
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-08-30
ISBN : 3038261882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering (CMAME 2013), July 26-27, 2013, Hong Kong. The 89 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science, Structural Composites, Materials Processing; Chapter 2: Nanomaterials Science; Chapter 3: Mechanical Properties of Materials, Deformation, Coating Engineering; Chapter 4: Computing Methods and Algorithms; Chapter 5: Experimental Methods and Studies; Chapter 6: Design, Modelling, Simulation and Optimization Technologies, CAD Applications; Chapter 7: Automation and Control, Detection and Tracking Technologies; Chapter 8: Advanced Technologies in Industry, Safety and Assessment.

Photovoltaics Guidebook for Decision Makers

Photovoltaics Guidebook for Decision Makers Book
Author : Achim Bubenzer,Joachim Luther
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-10-21
ISBN : 9783540413271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidebook for managers and decision-makers analyzes all important aspects for evaluating photovoltaics as a potential option in the power-supply industry and industrial development. The expertise of 40 invited experts enables readers to form their own opinion of PV energy conversion.

Metastable Mechanically Alloyed and Nanocrystalline Materials

Metastable  Mechanically Alloyed and Nanocrystalline Materials Book
Author : A. Calka,D. Wexler
Publisher : Trans Tech Publication
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials offer enormous technological potential and, for this reason, they are the subject of intense world-wide research.

Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides

Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides Book
Author : Philippe Knauth,Joop Schoonman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-01-31
ISBN : 0792376277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials have at least one dimension in the nanometer range. They became a very active research area in solid state physics and chemistry in recent years with anticipated applications in various domains, including solar cells, electronics, batteries and sensors. Nanocrystalline metals and oxides are dense polycrystalline solids with a mean grain size below 100 nm. This book is intended to give an overview on selected properties and applications of nanocrystalline metals and oxides by leading experts in the field. The first three chapters provide a very complete theoretical treatment of thermodynamics and atom/ion transport for nanocrystalline materials. The following chapters are experts' views on the development of experimental characterization techniques for nanocrystalline solids with emphasis on electroceramic materials. Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides is intended for a broad range of readers, foremost chemists, physicists and materials scientists. Theoretical physicists and chemists will certainly also profit from this book. The electroceramics and solid state ionics community are particularly addressed, given the main interests of the editors.

Materials and Coatings for Medical Devices

Materials and Coatings for Medical Devices Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 1615031359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Materials Information Society, MPMD-Materials and Processes for Medical Devices."

Electron Transport in Nanosystems

Electron Transport in Nanosystems Book
Author : Janez Bonca,Sergei Kruchinin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-24
ISBN : 140209146X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Electron Transport in Nanosystems Yalta, Ukraine 17-21 September 2007

Advances in Bioceramics and Porous Ceramics II

Advances in Bioceramics and Porous Ceramics II Book
Author : Roger Narayan,Paolo Colombo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-12-22
ISBN : 0470584343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improve your understanding in the most valuable aspects of advances in bioceramics and porous ceramics. This collection of logically organized and carefully selected articles contain the proceedings of the “Porous Ceramics: Novel Developments and Applications” and “Next Generation Bioceramics” symposia, which were held on January 27-February 1, 2008.

Arsenic Pollution

Arsenic Pollution Book
Author : Peter Ravenscroft,Hugh Brammer,Keith Richards
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-07-26
ISBN : 1444355465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arsenic Pollution summarizes the most current research on the distribution and causes of arsenic pollution, its impact on health and agriculture, and solutions by way of water supply, treatment, and water resource management. Provides the first global and interdisciplinary account of arsenic pollution occurrences Integrates geochemistry, hydrology, agriculture, and water supply and treatment for the first time Options are highlighted for developing alternative water sources and methods for arsenic testing and removal Appeals to specialists in one discipline seeking an overview of the work being done in other disciplines

Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials

Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials Book
Author : A. Inoue,K. Hashimoto
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-01-18
ISBN : 9783540672715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Amorphous and nanocrystalline materials are a class of their own. Their properties are quite different to those of the corresponding crystalline materials. This book gives systematic insight into their physical properties, structure, behaviour, and design for special advanced applications.

High Efficiency Solar Cells

High Efficiency Solar Cells Book
Author : Xiaodong Wang,Zhiming M. Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 3319019880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As part of the effort to increase the contribution of solar cells (photovoltaics) to our energy mix, this book addresses three main areas: making existing technology cheaper, promoting advanced technologies based on new architectural designs, and developing new materials to serve as light absorbers. Leading scientists throughout the world create a fundamental platform for knowledge sharing that combines the physics, materials, and device architectures of high-efficiency solar cells. While providing a comprehensive introduction to the field, the book highlights directions for further research, and is intended to stimulate readers’ interest in the development of novel materials and technologies for solar energy applications.

Processing and Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials

Processing and Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials Book
Author : C. Suryanarayana,Jogender Singh,F. H. Froes
Publisher : Tms
Release : 1996
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume records the proceedings of the International Symposium on Processing and Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials held at Materials Week '95 in Cleveland, Ohio, October 29-November 2, 1995. It contains a stale-of-the-art review of various aspects of nanocrystalline materials, including fundamentals, synthesis/processing, characterization, consolidation, mechanical properties, magnetic properties, and applications.

Polysaccharide Based Nanocrystals

Polysaccharide Based Nanocrystals Book
Author : Jin Huang,Peter R. Chang,Ning Lin,Alain Dufresne
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-03
ISBN : 3527689389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polysaccharide nanocrystals, an emerging green nanoingredient (nanomaterial) with high crystallinity obtained by acid hydrolysis of biomass-based polysaccharides, are of scientific and economic significance owing to their abundance, biodegradation potential, and fascinating functional performance. This versatile class of materials can be used in nanocomposites such as rubber or polyester, and in functional materials such as drug carriers, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive materials or membranes, to name but a few. This book encompasses the extraction, structure, properties, surface modification, theory, and mechanism of diverse functional systems derived from polysaccharide nanocrystals. This highly sought-after trendy book is currently the only monograph devoted to the most current knowledge pertaining to this exciting subject area. It is ideal for researchers and stakeholders who wish to broaden and deepen their knowledge in the fast-moving and rapidly expanding R&D field of polymeric materials.

Journal of Nano Research

Journal of Nano Research Book
Author : Andreas Öchsner,Irina V. Belova,Graeme E. Murch
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-01-11
ISBN : 3038268569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This periodical edition includes peer-reviewed scientific and engineering papers on all aspects of research in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnologies and wide practical application of the achieved results.