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Nanocrystalline Titanium

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Nanocrystalline Titanium

Nanocrystalline Titanium Book
Author : Halina Garbacz,Irina P. Semenova,Sergey Zherebtsov,Maciej Motyka
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-17
ISBN : 0128146001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocrystalline Titanium discusses the features of nanocrystalline titanium production by various SPD methods, also comparing their microstructure and properties. The authors characterize the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ultrafine grained titanium, indicating which are crucial for their application. Titanium alloys are characterized by high specific strength combined with excellent corrosion resistance, whereas the mechanical properties of pure (or commercial purity - CP) titanium are much lower. SPD methods are proving to be an effective way to increase strength, even to a level typical for structural titanium alloys. This book is useful for academics and professionals studying the behavior of metallic materials. Discusses various SPD techniques and their applications for titanium Previews the limitations of SPD methods for titanium, along with the problems that can be encountered during production Characterizes the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ultrafine grained titanium and indicates which are crucial for its production applications

Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium

Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium Book
Author : Vasisht Venkatesh,Adam L. Pilchak,John E. Allison,Sreeramamurthy Ankem,Rodney R. Boyer,Julie Christodoulou,Hamish L. Fraser,M. Ashraf Imam,Yoji Kosaka,Henry J. Rack,Amit Chatterjee,Andy Woodfield
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-26
ISBN : 1119296099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Titanium.

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors Book
Author : Oleksandr Stroyuk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-07
ISBN : 3319688790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains the use of nanocrystalline semiconductors in the harvesting of energy from solar light. It introduces promising methodology and technology which may help to increase the efficiency of light harvesting – one of the major challenges on the way toward sustainable energy generation.The book starts with a general introduction to the photochemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals. In the introductory chapter, the author also provides a frank and critical discussion on perspectives and limitations of the photocatalytic processes for solar light conversion including a historical account on semiconductor photocatalysis. He discusses that (and also why) it is a long way from laboratory prototypes to real sustainable technologies.The following chapters outline the conversion of solar light energy in semiconductor nanophotocatalysis on the one hand, and to (electric) energy in nanocrystalline semiconductor-based solar cells on the other hand. Topics addressed include nanophotocatalytic hydrogen production, artificial photosynthesis, quantum-dot sensitized liquid-junction and bulk heterojunction solar cells. Perspectives and opportunities, but also bottlenecks and limitations are discussed and the novel systems compared with established technology, such as classical silicon solar cells. While readers in this way learn to understand the basics and get introduced to the current research in the field, the final chapter provides them with the necessary knowledge about methodology, both in synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanophotocatalysts and semiconductor nanomaterials, including examples for the practice of photocatalytic experiments and the studies of semiconductor-based solar cells.

Nanocrystalline Materials

Nanocrystalline Materials Book
Author : Aleksandr Ivanovich Gusev,Andreĭ Andreevich Rempelʹ
Publisher : Cambridge Int Science Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 1898326266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the monograph, the first of this type in the world, the authors discuss systematically the current state of investigations into nanocrystalline materials. The experimental results on the effect of the nanocrystalline state on the microstructure and the mechanical, thermophysical, optical, and magnetic properties of metals, alloys and solid-phase compounds are generalised. Special attention is given to the main methods of production of isolated nanoparticles, ultrafine powders and dense nanocrystalline materials. The dimensional effects in isolated nanoparticles and high-density nanocrystalline materials are discussed in detail, and the important role of the interface in the formation of the structure and properties of dense nanocrystalline materials is shown. The modelling considerations, explaining special features of the structure and anomalous properties of substances in the nanocrystalline condition, are analysed.

Frontiers of Solid State Chemistry

Frontiers of Solid State Chemistry Book
Author : Shou-Hua Feng,Jie-Sheng Chen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9789812381057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid state chemistry is a multidisciplinary field that deals with the synthesis, structural characterization and properties of various solids, and it has been playing a more and more important role in the design and preparation of advanced materials. This book includes the excellent research results recently obtained by a wide spectrum of solid state chemists both from China and from abroad. Among the distinguished contributors are C N R Rao, M Greenblatt and Y T Qian, to name a few. A variety of subjects representing the frontiers of solid state chemistry ? which are categorized into solids with electrical, optical and magnetic properties; porous solids and catalysts; hybrid inorganic-organic solids; solid nanomaterials; and new synthetic methods and theory ? are presented. This book will benefit readers who are interested in the chemistry and physics of solids, as well as materials scientists and engineers.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: ? Chemistry Citation IndexTM? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings)

Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Materials Having Ultra Fine Microstructures

Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Materials Having Ultra Fine Microstructures Book
Author : M. Nastasi,Don M. Parkin,Herbert Gleiter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401117659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In an attempt to meet the demand for new ultra-high strength materials, the processing of novel material configurations with unique microstructure is being explored in systems which are further and further from equilibrium. One such class of emerging materials is the so-called nanophased or nanostructured materials. This class of materials includes metals and alloys, ceramics, and polymers characterized by controlled ultra-fine microstructural features in the form oflayered, fibrous, or phase and grain distribution. While it is clear that these materials are in an early stage of development, there is now a sufficient body of literature to fuel discussion of how the mechanical properties and deformation behavior can be controlled through control of the microstructure. This NATO-Advanced Study Institute was convened in order to assess our current state of knowledge in the field of mechanical properties and deformation behavior in materials with ultra fine microstructure, to identify opportunities and needs for further research, and to identify the potential for technological applications. The Institute was the first international scientific meeting devoted to a discussion on the mechanical properties and deformation behavior of materials having grain sizes down to a few nanometers. Included in these discussions were the topics of superplasticity, tribology, and the supermodulus effect. Lectures were also presented which covered a variety of other themes including synthesis, characterization, thermodynamic stability, and general physical properties.

Damage and Fracture Mechanics

Damage and Fracture Mechanics Book
Author : Taoufik Boukharouba,Mimoun Elboujdaini,Guy Pluvinage
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-09
ISBN : 904812669X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The First African InterQuadrennial ICF Conference “AIQ-ICF2008” on Damage and Fracture Mechanics – Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials and Structures”, Algiers, Algeria, June 1–5, 2008 is the first in the series of InterQuadrennial Conferences on Fracture to be held in the continent of Africa. During the conference, African researchers have shown that they merit a strong reputation in international circles and continue to make substantial contributions to the field of fracture mechanics. As in most countries, the research effort in Africa is und- taken at the industrial, academic, private sector and governmental levels, and covers the whole spectrum of fracture and fatigue. The AIQ-ICF2008 has brought together researchers and engineers to review and discuss advances in the development of methods and approaches on Damage and Fracture Mechanics. By bringing together the leading international experts in the field, AIQ-ICF promotes technology transfer and provides a forum for industry and researchers of the host nation to present their accomplishments and to develop new ideas at the highest level. International Conferences have an important role to play in the technology transfer process, especially in terms of the relationships to be established between the participants and the informal exchange of ideas that this ICF offers.

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XIV

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XIV Book
Author : Vitaly Buckin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-07-01
ISBN : 3540465456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 13th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society (ECIS 99) was held in September 1999 in Dublin, Ireland. It brought together scientists from academic research and industry within the field of physics and chemistry of colloids and interfaces. The Conference focused on the following topics: - Surfactant colloids; - Polymer colloids and solid particles; - Food colloids; - Soft matter interfaces; - Biosystems; - Rheology; - Experimental methods in colloid and interface science.

Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II

Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II Book
Author : Electrochemical Society. Energy Technology Division
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781566773164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Presentations of the 'Symposium on Photovoltaics for the 21st Century II' ... part of the 199th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society held in Washington, D.C. in March 2001"--Pref.

TiO2 Nanotube Arrays

TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Book
Author : Craig A. Grimes,Gopal K. Mor
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-11
ISBN : 9781441900685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TiO2 Nanotube Arrays: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications is the first book to provide an overview of this rapidly growing field. Vertically oriented, highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays are unique and easily fabricated materials with an architecture that demonstrates remarkable charge transfer as well as photocatalytic properties. This volume includes an introduction to TiO2 nanotube arrays, as well as a description of the material properties and distillation of the current research. Applications considered include gas sensing, heterojunction solar cells, water photoelectrolysis, photocatalytic CO2 reduction, as well as several biomedical applications. Written by leading researchers in the field, TiO2 Nanotube Arrays: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications is a valuable reference for chemists, materials scientists and engineers involved with renewable energy sources, biomedical engineering, and catalysis, to cite but a few examples.

Light Metals Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition

Light Metals  Advances in Research and Application  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464920834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Light Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Light Metals. The editors have built Light Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Light Metals in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Light Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Textbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Textbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : B.S. Murty,P. Shankar,Baldev Raj,B B Rath,James Murday
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-06
ISBN : 3642280307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is meant to serve as a textbook for beginners in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It can also be used as additional reading in this multifaceted area. It covers the entire spectrum of nanoscience and technology: introduction, terminology, historical perspectives of this domain of science, unique and widely differing properties, advances in the various synthesis, consolidation and characterization techniques, applications of nanoscience and technology and emerging materials and technologies.

Programme and The Book of Abstracts Ninth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2007

Programme and The Book of Abstracts   Ninth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2007 Book
Author : Dragan P. Uskoković
Publisher : Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA
Release : 2007-08-01
ISBN : 8680321117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The First Conference on materials science and engineering, including physics, physical chemistry, condensed matter chemistry, and technology in general, was held in September 1995, in Herceg Novi. An initiative to establish Yugoslav Materials Research Society was born at the conference and, similar to other MR societies in the world, the programme was made and objectives determined. The Yugoslav Materials Research Society (Yu-MRS), a nongovernment and non-profit scientific association, was founded in 1997 to promote multidisciplinary goal-oriented research in materials science and engineering. The main task and objective of the Society has been to encourage creativity in materials research and engineering to reach a harmonic coordination between achievements in this field in our country and analogous activities in the world with an aim to include our country into global international projects. Until 2003, Conferences were held every second year and then they grew into Annual Conferences that were traditionally held in Herceg Novi in September of every year. In 2007 Yu-MRS formed two new MRS: MRS-Serbia (official successor of Yu-MRS) and MRS-Montenegro (in founding). In 2008, MRS тАУ Serbia became a member of FEMS (Federation of European Materials Societies).

Polysaccharide Based Nanocrystals

Polysaccharide Based Nanocrystals Book
Author : Jin Huang,Peter R. Chang,Ning Lin,Alain Dufresne
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-09
ISBN : 3527336192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polysaccharide nanocrystals, an emerging green nanoingredient (nanomaterial) with high crystallinity obtained by acid hydrolysis of biomass-based polysaccharides, are of scientific and economic significance owing to their abundance, biodegradation potential, and fascinating functional performance. This versatile class of materials can be used in nanocomposites such as rubber or polyester, and in functional materials such as drug carriers, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive materials or membranes, to name but a few. This book encompasses the extraction, structure, properties, surface modification, theory, and mechanism of diverse functional systems derived from polysaccharide nanocrystals. This highly sought-after trendy book is currently the only monograph devoted to the most current knowledge pertaining to this exciting subject area. It is ideal for researchers and stakeholders who wish to broaden and deepen their knowledge in the fast-moving and rapidly expanding R&D field of polymeric materials.

Ceramic Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology IV

Ceramic Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology IV Book
Author : Richard M. Lane,Michael Z. Hu,Songwei Lu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-18
ISBN : 1118408055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the beginning of the nanotechnology era, research and development in this field has experienced an explosive growth in academia and industry. Topics covered in this book include synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials, nanoscale phenomena in electronic ceramics, nanostructured bioceramics, industrial development and application, and much more.

Severe Plastic Deformation

Severe Plastic Deformation Book
Author : Burhanettin Altan
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781594545085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has been already well established that the nanostructured materials (materials with a grain size of 100mm or less) is the future materials. Nanostructured materials possess properties superior to those of conventional, coarse grained materials. Hence designing potentially cost efficient and environmentally friendly products with better performance is a possibility. Among others, nanostructured materials exhibit increased strength, hardness and ductility and provide an opportunity for superplastic forming. When all the procedures in use for the production of nanostructured materials are examined, only severe plastic deformation (SPD) processes exhibit a potential for producing relatively large samples suitable for industrial applications. In this monograph, the state-of-the-art on severe plastic deformation methods is presented in one volume. The monograph is organised into eight chapters, each of which contains papers on different aspect of severe plastic deformation methods prepared by the experts in this field. The topics covered in the monograph are structure formation, phase transformation, superplasticity, mechanical properties of nanostructured materials, electronic and magnetic properties of nanostructured materials, deformation analysis, novel SPD methods, commercialisation of ECAE method.

Nanocrystalline Titanium

Nanocrystalline Titanium Book
Author : Halina Garbacz,Irina P. Semenova,Sergey Zherebtsov,Maciej Motyka
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-28
ISBN : 9780128145999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocrystalline Titanium discusses the features of nanocrystalline titanium production by various SPD methods, also comparing their microstructure and properties. The authors characterize the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ultrafine grained titanium, indicating which are crucial for their application. Titanium alloys are characterized by high specific strength combined with excellent corrosion resistance, whereas the mechanical properties of pure (or commercial purity - CP) titanium are much lower. SPD methods are proving to be an effective way to increase strength, even to a level typical for structural titanium alloys. This book is useful for academics and professionals studying the behavior of metallic materials. Discusses various SPD techniques and their applications for titanium Previews the limitations of SPD methods for titanium, along with the problems that can be encountered during production Characterizes the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ultrafine grained titanium and indicates which are crucial for its production applications

On Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology

On Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Lionel Vayssieres
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-01-26
ISBN : 9780470823989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More energy from the sun strikes Earth in an hour than is consumed by humans in an entire year. Efficiently harnessing solar power for sustainable generation of hydrogen requires low-cost, purpose-built, functional materials combined with inexpensive large-scale manufacturing methods. These issues are comprehensively addressed in On Solar Hydrogen & Nanotechnology – an authoritative, interdisciplinary source of fundamental and applied knowledge in all areas related to solar hydrogen. Written by leading experts, the book emphasizes state-of-the-art materials and characterization techniques as well as the impact of nanotechnology on this cutting edge field. Addresses the current status and prospects of solar hydrogen, including major achievements, performance benchmarks, technological limitations, and crucial remaining challenges Covers the latest advances in fundamental understanding and development in photocatalytic reactions, semiconductor nanostructures and heterostructures, quantum confinement effects, device fabrication, modeling, simulation, and characterization techniques as they pertain to solar generation of hydrogen Assesses and establishes the present and future role of solar hydrogen in the hydrogen economy Contains numerous graphics to illustrate concepts, techniques, and research results On Solar Hydrogen & Nanotechnology is an essential reference for materials scientists, physical and inorganic chemists, electrochemists, physicists, and engineers carrying out research on solar energy, photocatalysis, or semiconducting nanomaterials, both in academia and industry. It is also an invaluable resource for graduate students and postdoctoral researchers as well as business professionals and consultants with an interest in renewable energy.

Advanced Luminescent Materials and Quantum Confinement

Advanced Luminescent Materials and Quantum Confinement Book
Author : M. Cahay,S. Bandyopadhyay,David J. Lockwood
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9781566772457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Luminescent Materials and Quantum Confinement book written by M. Cahay,S. Bandyopadhyay,David J. Lockwood, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials and Diverse Technologies in Industry and Manufacture

Materials and Diverse Technologies in Industry and Manufacture Book
Author : Muhammad Yahaya
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-08-30
ISBN : 3038261882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering (CMAME 2013), July 26-27, 2013, Hong Kong. The 89 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science, Structural Composites, Materials Processing; Chapter 2: Nanomaterials Science; Chapter 3: Mechanical Properties of Materials, Deformation, Coating Engineering; Chapter 4: Computing Methods and Algorithms; Chapter 5: Experimental Methods and Studies; Chapter 6: Design, Modelling, Simulation and Optimization Technologies, CAD Applications; Chapter 7: Automation and Control, Detection and Tracking Technologies; Chapter 8: Advanced Technologies in Industry, Safety and Assessment.