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Mycotoxins In Fruits And Vegetables

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Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables

Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : Rivka Barkai-Golan,Nachman Paster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780123741264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins are toxins produced by aerobic, microscopic fungus under special conditions of moisture and temperature. They colonize in a variety of foods from harvest to the grocer. Presented in three sections, this is the first book to analyse the main mycotoxins contaminating fruits and vegetables and their derived products.

Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables

Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : R. Barkai-Golan,Nachman Paster
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-02
ISBN : 0080557856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins are toxins produced by aerobic, microscopic fungus under special conditions of moisture and temperature. They colonize in a variety of foods from harvest to the grocer. Mycotoxins have gained world wide interest in recent years with the revelation of the effect of these toxins on health. A current example is the presence of ochratoxin A, a human carcinogen and nephrotoxin, in wines. The increased concern about fruit safety has led to increased studies throughout the world and enhanced awareness for stringent regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food. Presented in three defined sections, this is the first book to provide comprehensive analysis of the main mycotoxins contaminating fruits and vegetables and their derived products. The first section provides a safety evaluation of mycotoxins in fruits and vegetables, details regarding factors affecting mycotoxin production and diffusion in the fruit tissue, and recent methods for detection of mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins produced by the fungi. The second part takes a critical look at the main individual mycotoxins and the third section focuses on approaches for prevention and control. * The first book dedicated to mycotoxins in fruits and vegetables * Presents mycological, mycotoxicological and phytopathological aspects of fruits and vegetables * Includes an analysis of detection, prevention and control methods for mycotoxigenic fungi and the mycotoxins they produce * Provides a complete risk assessment and safety evaluation of mycotoxins in perishable produce

Advances in Postharvest Pathology of Fruits and Vegetables

Advances in Postharvest Pathology of Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : Boqiang Li,Chao-an Long,Hongyin Zhang,Nengguo Tao
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-01-03
ISBN : 2889633225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. However, one third of fruit and vegetables are lost after harvest every year. Most losses are caused by pathogen (mostly fungi) infections, which lead to postharvest decay. In addition, some postharvest fungal pathogens can produce toxic secondary metabolites (i.e. mycotoxins) during their infecting periods. Mycotoxin contamination may cause serious food safety issues. At present, the use of synthetic fungicides is still the main means to control postharvest diseases. However, the development of resistance in fungal pathogens to fungicides and the growing public concern over the health and environmental risks associated with high levels of pesticides in fruits and vegetables have urged researchers to develop alternative methods of disease control. A deeper understanding of the infecting mechanisms of postharvest pathogens will provide great insight into developing new controlling strategies.

The Fungi

The Fungi Book
Author : Michael J. Carlile,Sarah C. Watkinson,G. W. Gooday
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2001-01-23
ISBN : 0127384464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fungi provides a comprehensive microbiological perspective on the importance of fungi, one of the most diverse groups of living organisms. Their roles in the natural world and in practical applications from the preparation of foods and beverages to drug production, and their relationship with man, animals and plants are clearly described. The recent contributions of molecular biology to mycology and the development of molecular methods for the study of fungal ecology, pathology and population genetics are also covered. This invaluable work has been completely revised and updated. With new material relating to molecular biology, this new and highly successful title continues to be essential reading for students and researchers. New to the second edition: Modern classification Medical and veterinary mycology section Organelles and processes involved in hyphal growth Molecular methods in ecology and pathology Production of new drugs of fungal origin Question and answer sections Colour plate section Praise for the first edition: "An enjoyable way to survey the subject of modern mycology. We are fortunate to have this excellent textbook." --MYCOLOGIA "The text is beautifully written and an understanding and enthusiasm for this important group of organisms comes through on every page." --TRENDS IN MICROBIOLOGY "This will improve undergraduate learning and promote a more integrated understanding of fungal biology. I will certainly use it in my teaching and am sure many others will do likewise." --NEW PHYTOLOGIST "The coverage is extensive and informative. I am very pleased to recommend this book to those who want to know and understand fungi." --BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION

Irradiation for Quality Improvement Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce

Irradiation for Quality Improvement  Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce Book
Author : Rivka Barkai-Golan,Peter A Follett
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-29
ISBN : 0128110260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Irradiation for Quality Improvement, Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce presents the last six and a half decades of scientific information on the topic. This book emphasizes proven advantages of ionizing irradiation over the commonly used postharvest treatments for improving postharvest life of fresh fruits and vegetables to enhance their microbial safety. This reference is intended for a wide range of scientists, researchers, and students in the fields of plant diseases and postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables. It is a means for disease control to promote food safety and quality for the food industry and can be used in food safety and agriculture courses. Discusses pathogen resistance to common chemical synthetic compounds Presents up-to-date research and benefits of phytosanitary irradiation Includes comprehensive research for alternative treatments for postharvest disease control Provides the non-residual feature of ionizing radiation as a physical means for disease control to produce chemical free foods

Postharvest Handling and Diseases of Horticultural Produce

Postharvest Handling and Diseases of Horticultural Produce Book
Author : Dinesh Singh,Ram Roshan Sharma,V. Devappa,Deeba Kamil
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 100038912X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Postharvest Handling and Diseases of Horticultural Produce describes all the postharvest techniques, handling, pre-cooling, postharvest treatment, edible coating and storage of the horticultural produce available to handle perishable horticultural food commodities, covering the areas of horticulture, agricultural process engineering, postharvest technology, plant pathology and microbiology. Postharvest diseases of major fruits and vegetables, with their causal agents, are described. The integrative strategies for management of postharvest diseases include effectively inhibiting the growth of pathogens, enhancing the resistance of hosts and improving environmental conditions, with results that are favourable to the host and unfavourable to the pathogen growth including biotechnological approaches. Adopting a thematic style, chapters are organized by type of treatment, with sections devoted to postharvest risk factors and their amelioration. The chapters are written by experts in the fields of plant pathology, horticulture, food science etc., and core insights into identifying and utilizing appropriate postharvest options for minimizing postharvest losses and enhancing benefits to end-users are provided. Features Presents the most recent developments in the field of postharvest handling technologies and diseases in a single volume Includes postharvest diseases of cut flowers, fruits, vegetables and tuber crops. Appropriate for students, researchers and professionals Written by experts and can be used as a reference resource

Postharvest Technology of Fruits and Vegetables General concepts and principles

Postharvest Technology of Fruits and Vegetables  General concepts and principles Book
Author : L. R. Verma
Publisher : Indus Publishing
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9788173871085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Postharvest Technology of Fruits and Vegetables General concepts and principles book written by L. R. Verma, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Application of LC MS MS in the Mycotoxins Studies

Application of LC MS MS in the Mycotoxins Studies Book
Author : Laura Gámiz-Gracia,Ana M. García-Campaña,Natalia Arroyo-Manzanares
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 3039362062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by the fungi of different species (mainly Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium), with toxic effects for humans and animals. These mycotoxins can contaminate food and feed. The European Union (EU) has established the maximum permitted or recommended levels for well-known mycotoxins in different foodstuffs. However, there are other mycotoxins that are not included in the regulations: the “emerging mycotoxins” (whose toxicity is still not clear), and the “modified or masked mycotoxins” (produced as a consequence of a detoxification strategy of the host plant of the fungus or during food processing). These mycotoxins could pose a risk and should also be taken into account. In order to assure consumers’ health, analytical methods for the accurate determination of mycotoxins in different food matrices and feeds are required. In this sense, liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) is a powerful tool for their unique identification and quantification. Moreover, the use of high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) allows one to identify novel mycotoxins and targeted/untargeted approaches for study. This Special Issue compiles recent applications of LC–MS/MS in mycotoxin studies, as well as the development and validation of new analytical methods for their identification and quantification in different food matrices and feed, occurrence studies, and the biomonitoring of mycotoxins and their metabolites in biological fluids.

Food Safety Mycotoxins

Food Safety   Mycotoxins Book
Author : Aibo Wu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-08
ISBN : 9813290382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins are increasingly attracting attention at thegovernmental, public and academic level worldwide, due to more frequent and serious contaminations of food and feedstuffs, which pose a serious threat to human health and animal production. This book reviews the latest research on mycotoxins that directly concern food safety, and especially focuses on detection technologies, risk assessment and control strategiescurrently being used in China. Gathering contributions from over 20 respected researchers, the book will benefit graduatestudents, researchers and management groups from various disciplines, including food science and technology, analytical chemistry, plant pathology, public health, etc.

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Shashank Mishra,Divjot Kour,Neelam Yadav,Anil Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-09
ISBN : 3030484742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes are ubiquitous in nature. Among microbes, fungal communities play an important role in agriculture, the environment, and medicine. Vast fungal diversity has been found in plant systems. The fungi associated with any plant system are in the form of epiphytic, endophytic, and rhizospheric fungi. These associated fungi play important roles in plant growth, crop yield, and soil health. The rhizospheric fungi present in rhizospheric zones have a sufficient amount of nutrients released by plant root systems in the form of root exudates for growth, development, and activities of microbes. Endophytic fungi enter in host plants mainly through wounds that naturally occur as a result of plant growth, or develop through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. The phyllospheric fungi may survive or proliferate on leaves, depending on the extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The diverse group of fungal communities is a key component of soil-plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizospheric, endophytic, and phyllospheric areas, and they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. These fungal communities help to promote plant growth directly or indirectly by mechanisms for plant growth-promoting (PGP) attributes. These PGP fungi can be used as biofertilizers, bioinoculants, and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in an environmentally and eco-friendly manner. This book covers the current knowledge of plant-associated fungi and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors. This book should be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology, and related subjects.

Safety Issues in Beverage Production

Safety Issues in Beverage Production Book
Author : Alexandru Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-25
ISBN : 0128166800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety Issues in Beverage Production, Volume 18, in the Science of Beverages series, offers a multidisciplinary approach to the complex issues emerging in the beverage industry. The book is broad in coverage and provides the necessary foundation for a practical understanding of the topics that includes recent scientific industry developments that are explained to improve awareness, educate and create communication. The latest trends in legislation, safety management and novel technologies specific to beverages are discussed. This resource is ideal as a practical reference for scientists, engineers and regulators, but can also be used as a reference for courses. Provides tools to assess and measure sulfites in beverages using different instrumental techniques Presents applications of nanotechnology to the improvement of beverages, including taste, structure and overall quality Includes analytical procedures for measuring and controlling quality

Microbiology of Fruits and Vegetables

Microbiology of Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : Gerald M. Sapers,James R. Gorny,Ahmed E. Yousef
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-08-29
ISBN : 1420038931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fresh and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables have an excellent safety record. However, surveillance data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and recent foodborne illness outbreaks have demonstrated that the incidence of foodborne illnesses linked to the consumption of contaminated fresh fruit and vegetable products may in fact be

Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins Book
Author : John F. Leslie,Ranajit Bandyopadhyay,A. Visconti
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1845933842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins are produced worldwide by several fungi on a wide range of agricultural commodities and are closely related to human and animal food chains. Examining mycotoxins and their impact from a public health viewpoint, this book provides an overview and introduction to the subject and examines the health, trade and legislation issues involved. Management of mycotoxins is discussed in detail as well as the global problems caused by mycotoxins.

Toxicology Research Projects Directory

Toxicology Research Projects Directory Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Toxicology Research Projects Directory book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mycotoxin Protocols

Mycotoxin Protocols Book
Author : Mary W. Trucksess,Albert E. Pohland
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2013-08-17
ISBN : 9781489938725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins produced by molds are common contaminants of many important crops, including wheat, corn, rice, and peanuts. Some mycotoxins are found in fruits and vegetables. These contaminants have a broad range of toxic effects, including carcinogenicity, neurotoxicity, and reproductive and developmental toxicity. The occurrence of mycotoxins in foods is an unavoidable worldwide problem. About 80 countries have imposed regulatory limits to minimize human and animal exposure to mycotoxins. Regulatory limits, including international standards, have tremendous economic impact and must be developed using science-based risk assessments. The purpose of Mycotoxin Protocols is to provide the scientific and technological basis for analytical methods for use in obtaining the exposure data needed for risk assessments. Mycotoxin Protocols is divided into four sections, which are interc- nected. The first section: Chapters 1–5 describe the general techniques for mycotoxin analysis with emphasis on the importance of method validation based on statistical parameters; sampling procedures for collecting a sample as representative as possible of a bulk lot; the isolation of mycotoxins for use as analytical standards or for toxicological studies; the evaluation of purity and preparation of standards; and the detection and identification of impu- ties in isolated mycotoxins. Sections 2–4: Chapters 6–19 describe the most current chromatographic and immunochemical methods for studies on the major mycotoxins.

Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits Vegetables and Flowers

Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits  Vegetables  and Flowers Book
Author : Gopinadhan Paliyath,Dennis P. Murr,Avtar K. Handa,Susan Lurie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-03-16
ISBN : 0813806720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An increased understanding of the developmental physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology during early growth, maturation, ripening, and postharvest conditions has improved technologies to maintain the shelf life and quality of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers provides a comprehensive introduction to this subject, offering a firm grounding in the basic science and branching out into the technology and practical applications. An authoritative resource on the science and technology of the postharvest sector, this book surveys the body of knowledge with an emphasis on the recent advances in the field.

Fruit and Vegetables

Fruit and Vegetables Book
Author : Keith Thompson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
ISBN : 1405147806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of this very well-received book, which in its first edition was entitled Postharvest Technology of Fruits and Vegetables, has been welcomed by the community of postharvest physiologists and technologists who found the first edition of such great use. The book covers, in comprehensive detail, postharvest physiology as it applies to postharvest quality, technology relating to maturity determination, harvesting, packaging, postharvest treatments, controlled atmosphere storage, ripening and transportation on a very wide international range of fruits and vegetables. The new edition of this definitive work, which contains many full colour photographs, provides key practical and commercially-oriented information of great use in helping to ensure that fruit and vegetables reach the retailer in optimum condition, with the minimum of loss and spoilage. Fruits and vegetables, 2nd edition is essential reading forfruit and vegetable technologists, food scientists and food technologists, agricultural scientists, commercial growers, shippers and warehousing operatives and personnel within packaging companies. Researchers and upper level students in food science, food technology, plant and agricultural sciences will find a great deal of use within this landmark book. All libraries in research establishments and universities where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies readily available for users. A. K. Thompson was formerly Professor and head of Postharvest Technology, Silsoe College, UK.

Advances in Mycology

Advances in Mycology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Mycology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Improving the Safety of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

Improving the Safety of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Book
Author : Wim Jongen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-08-29
ISBN : 1845690249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fresh fruit and vegetables have been identified as a significant source of pathogens and chemical contaminants. As a result, there has been a wealth of research on identifying and controlling hazards at all stages in the supply chain. Improving the safety of fresh fruit and vegetables reviews this research and its implications for food processors. Part one reviews the major hazards affecting fruit and vegetables such as pathogens and pesticide residues. Building on this foundation, Part two discusses ways of controlling these hazards through such techniques as HACCP and risk assessment. The final part of the book analyses the range of decontamination and preservation techniques available, from alternatives to hypochlorite washing systems and ozone decontamination to good practice in storage and transport. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Improving the safety of fresh fruit and vegetables is a standard reference for all those involved in fruit and vegetable production and processing. Reviews recent research on controlling hazards at all stages of the supply chain Discusses the implications of this research on food processors Discusses the implications of this research on food processors

The Produce Contamination Problem

The Produce Contamination Problem Book
Author : Gerald M. Sapers,Ethan Solomon,Karl R. Matthews
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-05-29
ISBN : 9780080921112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the causes and contributing factors leading to outbreaks of food-borne illness associated with contamination of fresh produce continues to be a worldwide challenge for everyone from the growers of fresh-cut produce through the entire production and delivery process. Additionally researchers both at universities and in government agencies are facing an increased challenge to develop means of preventing these foodborne illness occurrences. The premise of this book is that when human pathogen contamination of fresh produce occurs, it is extremely difficult to reduce pathogen levels sufficiently to assure microbiological safety with the currently available technologies. A wiser strategy would be to avoid crop production conditions that result in microbial contamination to start. These critical, problem-oriented chapters have been written by researchers active in the areas of food safety and microbial contamination during production, harvesting, packing and fresh-cut processing of horticultural crops, and were designed to provide methods of contamination avoidance. Coverage includes policy and practices in the US, Mexico and Central America, Europe, and Japan. *Addresses food-borne contaminations from a prevention view, providing proactive solutions to the problems *Covers core sources of contamination and methodologies for identifying those sources *Includes best practice and regulatory information