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Mycotoxins In Fruits And Vegetables

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Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables

Mycotoxins in Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : R. Barkai-Golan,Nachman Paster
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-02
ISBN : 0080557856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins are toxins produced by aerobic, microscopic fungus under special conditions of moisture and temperature. They colonize in a variety of foods from harvest to the grocer. Mycotoxins have gained world wide interest in recent years with the revelation of the effect of these toxins on health. A current example is the presence of ochratoxin A, a human carcinogen and nephrotoxin, in wines. The increased concern about fruit safety has led to increased studies throughout the world and enhanced awareness for stringent regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food. Presented in three defined sections, this is the first book to provide comprehensive analysis of the main mycotoxins contaminating fruits and vegetables and their derived products. The first section provides a safety evaluation of mycotoxins in fruits and vegetables, details regarding factors affecting mycotoxin production and diffusion in the fruit tissue, and recent methods for detection of mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins produced by the fungi. The second part takes a critical look at the main individual mycotoxins and the third section focuses on approaches for prevention and control. * The first book dedicated to mycotoxins in fruits and vegetables * Presents mycological, mycotoxicological and phytopathological aspects of fruits and vegetables * Includes an analysis of detection, prevention and control methods for mycotoxigenic fungi and the mycotoxins they produce * Provides a complete risk assessment and safety evaluation of mycotoxins in perishable produce

Postharvest Handling and Diseases of Horticultural Produce

Postharvest Handling and Diseases of Horticultural Produce Book
Author : Dinesh Singh,Ram Roshan Sharma,V. Devappa,Deeba Kamil
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 100038912X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Postharvest Handling and Diseases of Horticultural Produce describes all the postharvest techniques, handling, pre-cooling, postharvest treatment, edible coating and storage of the horticultural produce available to handle perishable horticultural food commodities, covering the areas of horticulture, agricultural process engineering, postharvest technology, plant pathology and microbiology. Postharvest diseases of major fruits and vegetables, with their causal agents, are described. The integrative strategies for management of postharvest diseases include effectively inhibiting the growth of pathogens, enhancing the resistance of hosts and improving environmental conditions, with results that are favourable to the host and unfavourable to the pathogen growth including biotechnological approaches. Adopting a thematic style, chapters are organized by type of treatment, with sections devoted to postharvest risk factors and their amelioration. The chapters are written by experts in the fields of plant pathology, horticulture, food science etc., and core insights into identifying and utilizing appropriate postharvest options for minimizing postharvest losses and enhancing benefits to end-users are provided. Features Presents the most recent developments in the field of postharvest handling technologies and diseases in a single volume Includes postharvest diseases of cut flowers, fruits, vegetables and tuber crops. Appropriate for students, researchers and professionals Written by experts and can be used as a reference resource

Mycotoxin and Food Safety in Developing Countries

Mycotoxin and Food Safety in Developing Countries Book
Author : Hussaini Makun
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-04-10
ISBN : 9535110969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides information on the incidence of fungi and mycotoxins in some African countries, the health implications and possible intervention control strategies for mycotoxins in developing countries and in Africa in particular. It will therefore be of interest to students, educators, researchers and policy makers in the fields of medicine, agriculture, food science and technology, trade and economics. Food regulatory officers also have quite a lot to learn from the book. Although a lot of the generated data in the area of mycotoxicology are available to the developed world, information on the subject area from Africa is scanty and not usually available in a comprehensive form. This book attempts to address the gap. Being an open access book, it will be of great benefit to scientists in developing countries who have limited access to information due to lack of funds to pay or subscribe for high quality journals and data from commercial publishing and database companies.

Irradiation for Quality Improvement Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce

Irradiation for Quality Improvement  Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce Book
Author : Rivka Barkai-Golan,Peter A Follett
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-29
ISBN : 0128110260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Irradiation for Quality Improvement, Microbial Safety and Phytosanitation of Fresh Produce presents the last six and a half decades of scientific information on the topic. This book emphasizes proven advantages of ionizing irradiation over the commonly used postharvest treatments for improving postharvest life of fresh fruits and vegetables to enhance their microbial safety. This reference is intended for a wide range of scientists, researchers, and students in the fields of plant diseases and postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables. It is a means for disease control to promote food safety and quality for the food industry and can be used in food safety and agriculture courses. Discusses pathogen resistance to common chemical synthetic compounds Presents up-to-date research and benefits of phytosanitary irradiation Includes comprehensive research for alternative treatments for postharvest disease control Provides the non-residual feature of ionizing radiation as a physical means for disease control to produce chemical free foods

Mycotoxins in Food

Mycotoxins in Food Book
Author : N Magan,M Olsen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-16
ISBN : 1855739089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins, toxic compounds produced by fungi, pose a significant contamination risk in both animal feed and foods for human consumption. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Mycotoxins in food summarises the wealth of recent research on how to assess the risks from mycotoxins, detect particular mycotoxins and control them at differing stages in the supply chain. Part one addresses risk assessment techniques, sampling methods, modelling and detection techniques used to measure the risk of mycotoxin contamination and the current regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food. Part two looks at how the risk of contamination may be controlled, with chapters on the use of HACCP systems and mycotoxin control at different stages in the supply chain. Two case studies demonstrate how these controls work for particular products. The final section details particular mycotoxins, from ochratoxin A and patulin to zearalenone and fumonisins. Mycotoxins in food is a standard reference for all those concerned with ensuring the safety of food. Discusses the wealth of recent research in this important area Covers risk assessment, detection of particular mycotoxins and how to control them throughout the supply chain Describes how the risk of contamination can be controlled, including the use of HACCP systems

Mycotoxin Protocols

Mycotoxin Protocols Book
Author : Mary W. Trucksess,Albert E. Pohland
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-02-05
ISBN : 1592590640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins produced by molds are common contaminants of many important crops, including wheat, corn, rice, and peanuts. Some mycotoxins are found in fruits and vegetables. These contaminants have a broad range of toxic effects, including carcinogenicity, neurotoxicity, and reproductive and developmental toxicity. The occurrence of mycotoxins in foods is an unavoidable worldwide problem. About 80 countries have imposed regulatory limits to minimize human and animal exposure to mycotoxins. Regulatory limits, including international standards, have tremendous economic impact and must be developed using science-based risk assessments. The purpose of Mycotoxin Protocols is to provide the scientific and technological basis for analytical methods for use in obtaining the exposure data needed for risk assessments. Mycotoxin Protocols is divided into four sections, which are interc- nected. The first section: Chapters 1–5 describe the general techniques for mycotoxin analysis with emphasis on the importance of method validation based on statistical parameters; sampling procedures for collecting a sample as representative as possible of a bulk lot; the isolation of mycotoxins for use as analytical standards or for toxicological studies; the evaluation of purity and preparation of standards; and the detection and identification of impu- ties in isolated mycotoxins. Sections 2–4: Chapters 6–19 describe the most current chromatographic and immunochemical methods for studies on the major mycotoxins.

Postharvest Pathology of Fresh Horticultural Produce

Postharvest Pathology of Fresh Horticultural Produce Book
Author : Lluís Palou,Joseph L. Smilanick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 1351805886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optimal distribution of fresh horticultural products entails prolonging their freshness and nutritional quality as long as possible after harvest. A major limitation to their marketing is decay after harvest, which is caused primarily by fungal pathogens. Postharvest Pathology of Fresh Horticultural Produce provides a comprehensive resource of information about the biology and control of postharvest diseases of many fresh horticultural products, citing sources from appropriate literature of any age, rather than only the most recent. The etiology and symptoms of postharvest diseases and the biology of postharvest pathogens are reviewed by leading experts, who are familiar with many of world’s most popular fresh fruits and vegetables and the diseases that affect them. Key aspects related to infection and epidemiology, methods to minimize postharvest decay losses, including use of conventional fungicides and alternative management strategies, harvest and handling practices, and other aspects are described for the most significant temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruits as well as fruit-like vegetables and leafy vegetables. Features: Provides comprehensive academic and practical reviews of postharvest diseases of fresh fruits and vegetables Discusses the economic importance, etiology, and epidemiology of the most significant postharvest diseases Includes quality color plates that allow the practical identification of disease symptoms Explains practical postharvest disease management actions, including the use of conventional fungicides and alternatives to their use The authors summarize a massive quantity of published information, and often apply their own considerable practical experience to identify and interpret the most significant information. This book is a valuable and comprehensive resource for industry professionals, academics, educators, students, consultants, pest control advisors, regulatory personnel, and others interested in this subject.

Aflatoxins

Aflatoxins Book
Author : Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-01-23
ISBN : 9535109049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is broadly divided into five sections and 17 chapters, highlighting recent advances in aflatoxin research from epidemiology to molecular genomics and control measures, biocontrol approaches, modern analytical techniques, economic concerns and underlying mechanisms of contamination processes. This book will update readers on several cutting-edge aspects of aflatoxins research with useful up-to-date information for mycologists, toxicologists, microbiologists, agriculture scientists, plant pathologists and pharmacologists, who may be interest to understanding of the impact, significance and recent advances within the field of of aflatoxins with a focus on control strategy.

Control of Mycotoxins

Control of Mycotoxins Book
Author : Palle Krogh
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 1973-01-01
ISBN : 9780408705363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Control of Mycotoxins book written by Palle Krogh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mycotoxins and Food Safety

Mycotoxins and Food Safety Book
Author : Jonathan W. DeVries,Mary W. Trucksess,Lauren S. Jackson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-03-31
ISBN : 9780306467806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins, from the Greek "mukes" referring to fungi or slime molds and toxin from the Latin "toxicum" referencing a poison for arrows, have earned their reputation for being potentially deleterious to the health and well being of a consuming organism, whether it be animal or human. Unfortunately, mycotoxins are a ubiquitous factor in the natural life cycle of food producing plants. As such, control of the potential impact of mycotoxins on food safety relies heavily upon accurate analysis and surveys followed by commodity segregation and restricted use or decontamination through processing. The purpose of this book is to provide the most comprehensive and current information on the topic of mycotoxins and assuring food safety. Chapters represented in the book reflect such diverse topics ranging from occurrence and impact, analysis, reduction through processing and plant breeding, toxicology and safety assessments to regulatory perspectives. Authors represent a range of international perspectives.

Soybean

Soybean Book
Author : Dora Krezhova
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-11-07
ISBN : 9533077212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the importance of applying of novel genetics and breading technologies. The efficient genotype selections and gene transformations provide for generation of new and improved soybean cultivars, resistant to disease and environmental stresses. The book introduces also a few recent modern techniques and technologies for detection of plant stress and characterization of biomaterials as well as for processing of soybean food and oil products.

The Fungi

The Fungi Book
Author : Michael J. Carlile,Sarah C. Watkinson,G. W. Gooday
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2001-01-09
ISBN : 0127384464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition of The Fungi provides a comprehensive introduction to the importance of fungi in the natural world and in practical applications, from a microbiological perspective.

Chemical Contaminants and Residues in Food

Chemical Contaminants and Residues in Food Book
Author : D Schrenk,Alexander Cartus
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-27
ISBN : 0081006756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Contaminants and Residues in Food, Second Edition is an invaluable tool for all industrial and academic researchers involved with food safety, from industry professionals responsible for producing safe food, to chemical analysts involved in testing the final products. This updated edition is expanded to cover the latest research and emerging issues, and has additional information useful for food safety testing. Written by an international team of expert contributors, this edition explores the entire food chain, acting as a roadmap for further research. Includes expanded coverage on risk assessment and testing technologies Presents fully updated chapters to provide the most up-to-date information in research on food chemical safety Provides new information on hot topic areas, such as food additives, mycotoxins, nanomaterials and food contact materials

Quality Control in Fruit and Vegetable Processing

Quality Control in Fruit and Vegetable Processing Book
Author : P. W. Board
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9789251024218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handleiding voor kwaliteitsbewaking bij de conservering van groenten en vruchten op de volgende procesonderdelen: inblikken, dehydratatie, invriezen, zuren, sirooptoevoeging, kristallisering en chemische bewaring

Masked Mycotoxins in Food

Masked Mycotoxins in Food Book
Author : Chiara Dall'Asta,Franz Berthiller
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-11-05
ISBN : 1782622578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book to cover this fast developing field, Masked Mycotoxins in Food will provide a full overview of the issues relating to the toxicology of masked mycotoxins present in food products. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring chemicals produced by moulds that can grow on crops and foodstuffs. Masked mycotoxins are modified mycotoxins, due to this modification many cannot be detected using standard analytical techniques, for example HPLC and ELISA, and further research is needed to understand the health risks and threats from these modified compounds.Masked mycotoxin research is an area of toxicological research that has gained significant interest and momentum in recent years. The aim of this book is to provide a full picture of the topic, from the masked mycotoxin formation in plants to their catabolic fate in humans. The book also provides new insights and will highlight possible gaps in the knowledge base of this relatively new area. Edited and written by World renowned experts working within the field, this book is of interest to toxicologists and biochemists, but also food scientists and agricultural researchers working in industry and academia.

Postharvest Pathology

Postharvest Pathology Book
Author : Davide Spadaro,Samir Droby,Maria Lodovica Gullino
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 3030565300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book will address selected topics in postharvest pathology aiming at highlighting recent development in the science, technology and control strategies of postharvest diseases to reduce losses and enhance safety of harvested agricultural products. Topics will include: 1) Introduction: Perspectives and challenges in postharvest pathology 2) Elucidating host-pathogen interactions 3) Next generation technologies for management and detection of postharvest pathogens 4) Food safety in postharvest pathology 5) Alternative postharvest diseases control strategies 6) Chemical control of postharvest diseases

Mycotoxins in Feed and Food Chain

Mycotoxins in Feed and Food Chain Book
Author : Filippo Rossi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-21
ISBN : 3039368745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with mycotoxins, their presence in various types of food, and how to prevent their presence in food . In addition to well-known molecules, such as aflatoxins or fumonisins, some contributors have dealt with emerging mycotoxins (e.g., alternaria toxins, botryodiplodin). Readers of the book can also find a new approach to reducing aflatoxins and fumonisins in food. In conclusion, the book presents both new mycotoxins and new information on old mycotoxins.

Aflatoxin

Aflatoxin Book
Author : Leo Goldblatt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323148492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aflatoxin: Scientific Background, Control, and Implications discusses general problems posed by mycotoxin contamination in foods and feeds. This book is divided into 15 chapters that summarize the discovery, elaboration, chemistry and assay, effects and metabolic fate, processing to ensure their removal or inactivation, and regulatory aspects of aflatoxins. The introductory chapters cover the discovery, formation by Aspergillus flavus, and the chemistry and structure of aflatoxins. The subsequent chapters describe the physicochemical and biological assays for aflatoxin measurement, detection, and analysis. A chapter also describes the metabolic fate and the biochemical alterations associated with aflatoxin administration to animals and other biological test systems. Discussions on the acute toxicity and carcinogenic activity of aflatoxins in laboratory and farm animals are also provided, with emphasis on the recognition of aflatoxicosis, a disease condition caused by the action of the aflatoxin poison. The book goes on examining the role of spoilage molds in destroying stored crops and the tremendous capacity for toxin production of aflatoxins. It also describes successful efforts of food and feed industries to ensure a wholesome food supply, including the utilization of various detoxification processes. The last chapters deal with the regulatory provisions for aflatoxin contamination control and tolerances and the implications of fungal toxins to human health. The book is intended for scientists and manufacturers concerned with the production and processing of foods and feeds, the nutrition, and the animal and public health.

Bio management of Postharvest Diseases and Mycotoxigenic Fungi

Bio management of Postharvest Diseases and Mycotoxigenic Fungi Book
Author : Neeta Sharma,Avantina S Bhandari
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 1000175278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is an ever-increasing demand for more food but one of the stumbling blocks to achieving this goal is quality and quantity losses due to various pests and pathogens and the mycotoxins synthesized by these harmful biotic entities. Thus far, strategies employed to manage these post-harvest diseases and mycotoxins decontamination include established physical, cultural, and chemical methods. Recently, the application of chemicals to reduce decay and deterioration caused by various pathogens has been impeded as these hazardous chemicals contaminate the environment, enter the food chain, and destroy beneficial microorganisms and pests by aiming at non-target microorganisms. In light of this, the usage of eco-friendly and non-polluting alternatives to chemical pesticides is the call of the hour. Bio-management of Postharvest Diseases and Mycotoxigenic Fungi deals with the current state and future prospects of using various bio-management techniques that are natural, eco-friendly, and environmentally safe. It aims to increase awareness of their potential as well as sensitizing readers to the various aspects of biologicals in pest control. Key Features: Highlights classical versus new techniques adopted to manage postharvest diseases Discusses novel approaches in managing fungal spoilage and mycotoxin decontamination Provides readers with a 360-degree perspective of the pre- and post-harvest quality mycotoxin decontamination research being conducted Details proposals of new ideas to ensure a food secure and pesticide-free world This book disseminates notable and diversified scientific work carried out by leading experts in their own field. Written by qualified scientists in each of their respective disciplines, it can serve as a current and comprehensive treatise on the emerging field of bio-management of postharvest diseases and mycotoxin decontamination by products that are "generally regarded as safe."

Food Hygiene and Toxicology in Ready to Eat Foods

Food Hygiene and Toxicology in Ready to Eat Foods Book
Author : Parthena Kotzekidou
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-29
ISBN : 0128020083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food Hygiene and Toxicology in Ready-to-Eat Foods is a solid reference for anyone in the food industry needing to understand the complex issues and mechanisms of biological control and chemical hazards to ensure food safety. infectious and non-infectious contaminants in raw, minimally processed, and prepared foods are covered in detail, as well as effective measures to avoid foodborne infections and intoxications. The book is written by an international team of experts presenting the most up-to-date research in the field, and provides current applications and guidance to enhance food safety in the food industry. Strategies and recommendations for each food category include, among others, how to avoid cross-contamination of pathogens, the proper uses of antimicrobial coatings and spray cleanings of fresh produce, and acrylamide reduction during processing. leafy vegetables, fruit juices, nuts, meat and dairy products are some of the ready-to-eat foods covered. Provides the latest on research and development in the field of food safety incorporating practical real life examples for microbiological risk assessment and reduction in the food industry Includes specific aspects of potential contamination and the importance of various risks associated with ready-to-eat foods Describes potential harmful agents that may arise in foods during processing and packaging Presents information on psychrotropic pathogens and food poisoning strains, effect of temperature, Salmonella, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Norovirus, parasites, fungal microbiota, enterotoxins, and more