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Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080559346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Leho Tedersoo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 3319563637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a timely overview and synthesis of biogeographic patterns of plants and fungi and their mycorrhizal associations across geographic scales. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides an updated definition of mycorrhizal types and establishes the best practices of modern biogeographic analyses. Individual chapters address the basic processes and mechanisms driving community ecology, population biology and dispersal in mycorrhizal fungi, which differ greatly from these of prokaryotes, plants and animals. Other chapters review the state-of-the-art knowledge about the distribution, ecology and biogeography of all mycorrhizal types and the most important fungal groups involved in mycorrhizal symbiosis. The book argues that molecular methods have revolutionized our understanding of the ecology and biogeography of mycorrhizal symbiosis and that rapidly evolving high-throughput identification and genomics tools will provide unprecedented information about the structure and functioning of mycorrhizal symbiosis on a global scale. This volume appeals to scientists in the fields of plant and fungal ecology and biogeography.

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Francis Martin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1118951417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant Plant Community and Ecosystem Level

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant  Plant Community  and Ecosystem Level Book
Author : Matthias Christian Rillig
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant Plant Community and Ecosystem Level book written by Matthias Christian Rillig, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mycorrhiza Function Diversity State of the Art

Mycorrhiza   Function  Diversity  State of the Art Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Ram Prasad,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-11
ISBN : 331953064X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the presence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Cellular and Molecular Basis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis  Cellular and Molecular Basis Book
Author : Gamal Abdel-Fattah
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9783659482151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhizae are indigenous to soil and plant rhizosphere and potential tools for sustainable agriculture. Endomycorrhizae are symbiotic root-fungus associations, formed by nearly more than 80% of terrestrial plants. These symbioses are characterized by bi-directional movement of nutrients where carbon flows to the fungus and inorganic essential nutrients move to the plants, thereby providing a critical linkage between the plant root and soil. As a result, endomycorrhizal plants are often more competitive and better able to tolerate environmental stresses than are non-mycorrhizal plants. In this connection, these symbioses play a key role in natural and agricultural ecosystems through major functions in the enhancement of plant phosphorus and other nutrients, soil fertility & conservation, water economy, alleviation of salt stress, reducing the heavy metal toxicity and biocontrol of pathogenic soil microorganisms.In this book we attempt to present new strategies that might increase functions of these endomycorrhizal fungi with the associated economic plants.This includes the incorporation of specific genes known to up-regulate the VA mycorrhizal interactions with their plant hosts.

Dual Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Salix

Dual Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Salix Book
Author : Joanna Marie Haigh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dual Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Salix book written by Joanna Marie Haigh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Mediterranean Environment

The Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Mediterranean Environment Book
Author : Mohamed Hafidi,Robin Duponnois
Publisher : Nova Biomedical
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 9781620812785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of mycorrhizal symbiosis has been usually related to its impact on the plant mineral nutrition and consequently on the development of the plant species. However, it has been demonstrated that this symbiotic process has a key role in ecosystem stability. Numerous recent studies have outlined the major role of mycorrhizal symbioses in ecosystem functioning and the necessity to manage this soil microbial component in order ensure the productivity of plant ecosystems and to maintain plant diversity. The main objectives of this book are to present recent results showing the expected benefits in managing the mycorrhizal symbiosis in order to ensure the conservation of endemic plant diversity and to rehabilitate degraded soils in Mediterranean areas.

Concepts in Mycorrhizal Research

Concepts in Mycorrhizal Research Book
Author : K.G. Mukerji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-12-31
ISBN : 9780792338901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhiza will be the focus of research and study for the coming decade. Successful survival and maintenance of plant cover is mostly dependent on mycorrhization. During the last decade about ten books have appeared on various aspects of mycorrhiza, including two on methodology. The present book has been compiled to give a complete and comprehensive description of the topic to the students and researchers in botany, applied mycology, biotechnology, forestry and agriculture. The book will also be useful to planners dealing with biofertilizers and forestation. Besides topics of academic interest, the volume includes several aspects which are unique and are written about for the first time, e.g.: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal symbiosis - recognition and specificity; Mycorrhizal Integration and cellular compatibility between Endomycorrhizal symbionts; Cost - economics of existing methodology for inoculum production of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Mycorrhiza: Ecological Implications of Plant interactions; Outplanting performance of mycorrhizal inoculated seedlings; Fluorescence microscopy in mycorrhiza studies and Ectomycorrhizal fungi as experimental organism. Other aspects not mentioned above include most recent reviews concerning vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza and ectomycorrhizae. The different review chapters have been written by world authorities in their respective specialisations giving more up to date information than is provided anywhere else. This book deals with all major aspects of mycorrhiza, giving structure, ultrastructure, ecology and applications in agriculture and forestry.

Mycorrhizal Networks

Mycorrhizal Networks Book
Author : Thomas R. Horton
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-16
ISBN : 9401773955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The last 25 years have seen significant advances in our understanding of the mycorrhizal fungi that colonize most of the world’s plants, and the mycorrhizal networks that form and extend into the soil beyond plant roots. In addition to a thorough review of recent research on mycorrhizal networks, this book provides readers with alternative perspectives. The book is organized into three sections: Network Structure, Nutrient Dynamics, and the Mutualism-Parasitism Continuum. Chapter 1 addresses the specificity of ectomycorrhizal symbionts and its role in plant communities, and provides an updated list of terms and definitions. Chapter 2 explores interactions between symbionts in mycorrhizal fungi networks, as well as interactions between fungal individuals. The second section of the book begins with the examination in Chapter 3 of extramatrical mycelium (mycelia beyond the root tips) in ectomycorrhizal fungi, focused on carbon and nitrogen. Chapter 4 reviews the influence of mycorrhizal networks on outcomes of plant competition in arbuscular mycorrhizal plant communities. Chapter 5 discusses nutrient movement between plants through networks with a focus on the magnitude, fate and importance of mycorrhiza-derived nutrients in ectomycorrhizal plants. Section 3 opens with a review of research on the role of ectomycorrhizal networks on seedling establishment in a primary successional habitat, in Chapter 6. The focus of Chapter 7 is on facilitation and antagonism in arbuscular mycorrhizal networks. Chapter 8 explores the unique networking dynamic of Alnus, which differs from most ectomycorrhizal plant hosts in forming isolated networks with little direct connections to networks of other host species in a forest. Chapter 9 argues that most experiments have not adequately tested the role of mycorrhizal networks on plant community dynamics, and suggests more tests to rule out alternative hypotheses to carbon movement between plants, especially those that include experimental manipulations of the mycorrhizal networks. Plant ecologists have accumulated a rich body of knowledge regarding nutrient acquisition by plants. The editor proposes that research indicating that mycorrhizal fungi compete for nutrients, which are then delivered to multiple hosts through mycorrhizal networks, represents an important new paradigm for plant ecologists.

The Role of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Plant Intraspecific Competition and Population Structure

The Role of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Plant Intraspecific Competition and Population Structure Book
Author : Evelina Facelli
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study investigated the effects of the symbiotic association of plants with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the intensity of intraspecific competition and its consequences on popular structure. Four main glasshouse experiments were performed using the non-cultivated Rhodanthe chlorocephala ssp. Rosea, and the cultivated species Trifolium subterraneum grown at different plant densities, under different levels of phosphorus and light, and in environments with homogeneous and patchy distribution of phosphorus. Results emphasise that the main effects of mycorrhizas at the individual level may not by apparent at population level because of the influence of density-dependent processes. However, infected individuals with a strong response to the symbiosis would have an advantage in situations of competition.

Advances in Mycorrhizal Science and Technology

Advances in Mycorrhizal Science and Technology Book
Author : Damase Khasa,Yves Piché,Andrew P. Coughlan
Publisher : NRC Research Press
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 0660198835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhizal symbioses are widespread and fundamental components of terrestrial ecosystems and have shaped plant evolution. Features such topics as plant/fungal communication, the interaction of mycorrhizal fungi with other soil microorganisms, and the use of mycorrhizal fungi in plant-production systems.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1996-10-25
ISBN : 9780080537191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In nature, the roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil, and therefore in plant nutrition. Thirteen years have passed since the publication of the First Edition of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, the book that has been generally acclaimed as the most definitive work on this fascinating topic. The Second Edition co-authored by Professor Sally Smith and Professor David Read has been completely rewritten to cover the significant advances in our understanding of this field. Key Features * Separate accounts of major mycorrhizal types, highlighting structure, development, physiology and ecology * Integrative treatment, covering nutrient transport, roles of mycorrhizas in ecology, applications in man-made environments, and interactions with pollutants * In depth treatment of evolutionary and developmental aspects, plus closer examination of external mycelium, and transport processes * Appreciation of diversity of form and function within major mycorrhizal types, and its importance in ecosystems

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : J. L. Harley,John Laker Harley,S. E. Smith,Stephen Edward Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. The symbionts. The development of infection and anatomy of vesicular-arbuscular mucorrhizas. Carbon metabolism and groeth. Mineral nutrition. Ectomycorrhiza. The symbionts. Structure of ectomycorrhiza. Growth physiology of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Growth and carbon metabolism of ectomycorrhizal plants. Physiology of ectomycorrhizas. Nutrient uptake. Ectendomycorrhizas in conifers. Mycorrhiza in Ericales. Ericoid mycorrhizas. Arbutoid and monotropoid mycorrhizas. Orchid mycorrhizas. Essays on mycorrhizal subjects. The causal anatomy of ectomycorrhizas. Translocation in mycorrhizal fungi. Transfer of metabolites between symbionts in mycorrhizal associations. Specifity and recognition in symbiotic systems. Ecological aspects of mycorrhizal symbiosis.

Cooperation and Punishment in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Cooperation and Punishment in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Yugandhar Beesetty
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We investigated the mechanisms employed by the plants to balance the mutualism with the cooperative and cheating strains in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. In addition to that we also determined the cooperating and cheating natures of two different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal strains (009 & 0165). Theoretically the cheating strains should outcompete the cooperative strains. However in nature both the cooperative and cheating strains are well stabilized. To find out how in nature plants manage to stabilize the symbiosis with both cheating and cooperative arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi we conducted different experiments. Here we analyzed the difference in the amount of carbon transferred by the plant to the fungus in the presence and absence of P in the fungal ERM. The plant transferred more carbon to the fungal partner that can provide more P. We also analyzed the difference in the amount of P transferred to the plant by two different fungi under similar conditions. The cooperative strain transferred more P when there is an increase in the C in the roots whereas there was no difference in the cheating strain. We also analyzed the P pools in the roots colonized by both the strains after treating with different amounts of carbon. With the increase in the carbon for the cooperative strain, there is raise in the amount of orthophosphate pool, short chain polyphosphate pool and DNA/protein pool which suggests that an increased availability of carbon for the fungus results in the increased transport of P from the fungus to the plant. Whereas the cheating strain incorporated most of its P in Long chain and short chain polyphosphates making the P unavailable to the plant.

The Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

The Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Mycorrhizal Symbiosis book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mycorrhizas Functional Processes and Ecological Impact

Mycorrhizas   Functional Processes and Ecological Impact Book
Author : Concepción Azcón-Aguilar,Jose Miguel Barea,Silvio Gianinazzi,Vivienne Gianinazzi-Pearson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-20
ISBN : 9783540879787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhizal symbioses are central to the multitrophic interactions that impact plant productivity, competitiveness and survival. This book integrates present-day knowledge from well-known research groups on some of the topics which are at the forefront of mycorrhizal research. Topics include the cell programmes that drive mycorrhiza formation and function, the processes sustaining symbiotic mutualism, stress response mechanisms in mycorrhizal symbionts, and the diversity and ecological impacts of mycorrhizal systems. The efficient management of mycorrhizal systems has the potential to support the sustainable production of quality foods while ensuring environmental quality for future generations.

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture

Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture Book
Author : S. Gianinazzi,Hannes Schüepp,J.M. Barea,K. Haselwandter
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3034881177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (AM) is the most common mycorrhizal type involved in agricultural systems, and the most widespread plant root symbiosis. The fungi involved (Glomales) are known to promote plant growth and health by acting as biofertilizers, bioprotectors and bioregulators. The main aim of this book is to provide readers with theoretical and applied knowledge essential for the use of AM fungi in improving plant health and fitness, production of high quality food and in conservation of natural resources. The different chapters target understanding the role of AM fungi in sustainable crop production, discussing ways to improve biological equilibria between microorganisms in the mycorrhizosphere, analysing genetic, physiological, cellular and molecular bases of AM functioning and establishing technologies for inoculum production, according to the regulatory guidelines for application.

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas and Stress Tolerance of Plants

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas and Stress Tolerance of Plants Book
Author : Qiang-Sheng Wu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 9811041156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the potential mechanisms in arbuscular mycorrhizas (AMs), in the hope that this can help arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to be more used efficiently as a biostimulant to enhance stress tolerance in the host plants. AMF, as well as plants, are often exposed to all or many of the abiotic and biotic stresses, including extreme temperatures, pH, drought, water-logging, toxic metals and soil pathogens. Studies have indicated a quick response to these stresses involving several mechanisms, such as root morphological modification, reactive oxygen species change, osmotic adjustment, direct absorption of water by extraradical hyphae, up-regulated expression of relevant stressed genes, glomalin-related soil protein release, etc. The underlying complex, multi-dimensional strategy is involved in morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular processes. The AMF responses are often associated with homeostatic regulation of the internal and external environment, and are therefore critical for plant health, survival and restoration in native ecosystems and good soil structure.