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Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080559346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Francis Martin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1118951417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Leho Tedersoo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 3319563637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a timely overview and synthesis of biogeographic patterns of plants and fungi and their mycorrhizal associations across geographic scales. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides an updated definition of mycorrhizal types and establishes the best practices of modern biogeographic analyses. Individual chapters address the basic processes and mechanisms driving community ecology, population biology and dispersal in mycorrhizal fungi, which differ greatly from these of prokaryotes, plants and animals. Other chapters review the state-of-the-art knowledge about the distribution, ecology and biogeography of all mycorrhizal types and the most important fungal groups involved in mycorrhizal symbiosis. The book argues that molecular methods have revolutionized our understanding of the ecology and biogeography of mycorrhizal symbiosis and that rapidly evolving high-throughput identification and genomics tools will provide unprecedented information about the structure and functioning of mycorrhizal symbiosis on a global scale. This volume appeals to scientists in the fields of plant and fungal ecology and biogeography.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : J. L. Harley,John Laker Harley,Stephen Edward Smith,S. E. Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. The symbionts. The development of infection and anatomy of vesicular-arbuscular mucorrhizas. Carbon metabolism and groeth. Mineral nutrition. Ectomycorrhiza. The symbionts. Structure of ectomycorrhiza. Growth physiology of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Growth and carbon metabolism of ectomycorrhizal plants. Physiology of ectomycorrhizas. Nutrient uptake. Ectendomycorrhizas in conifers. Mycorrhiza in Ericales. Ericoid mycorrhizas. Arbutoid and monotropoid mycorrhizas. Orchid mycorrhizas. Essays on mycorrhizal subjects. The causal anatomy of ectomycorrhizas. Translocation in mycorrhizal fungi. Transfer of metabolites between symbionts in mycorrhizal associations. Specifity and recognition in symbiotic systems. Ecological aspects of mycorrhizal symbiosis.

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant Plant Community and Ecosystem Level

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant  Plant Community  and Ecosystem Level Book
Author : Matthias Christian Rillig
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant Plant Community and Ecosystem Level book written by Matthias Christian Rillig, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Techniques in Mycorrhizal Studies

Techniques in Mycorrhizal Studies Book
Author : K.G. Mukerji,C. Manoharachary,B. P. Chamola
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-03-31
ISBN : 9781402005329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of mycorrhiza is amply established as biofertilizers, for their role in the establishment of plants in stress habitats and nutrient-deficient soils, and as biocontrol agents. This book fulfils a great demand for a laboratory manual on mycorrhizal research describing the basic techniques, and contains chapters by eminent Indian mycorrhizologists. As well as basic laboratory exercises (rather than only modern aspects of experimentation), chapters on mycorrhizal dependency, mycorrhiza as biocontrol agents in agriculture, horticulture and forestry, and the establishment of micropropagated plants make this compilation unique. It is aimed at researchers, scientists and government agencies, and is required reading for graduate and postgraduate courses in mycorrhizal biology. The editor's previous books include Concepts in Mycorrhizal Research and Mycorrhizal Biology

Plant Microbe Symbiosis Fundamentals and Advances

Plant Microbe Symbiosis  Fundamentals and Advances Book
Author : Naveen Kumar Arora
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-15
ISBN : 8132212878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant microbe interaction is a complex relationship that can have various beneficial impacts on both the communities. An urgent need of today’s world is to get high crop yields in an ecofriendly manner. Utilization of beneficial and multifaceted plant growth promoting (PGP) microorganisms can solve the problem of getting enhanced yields without disturbing the ecosystem thus leading to sustainability. For this to achieve understanding of the intricate details of how the beneficial microbes form associations with the host plant and sustain that for millions of years must be known. A holistic approach is required wherein the diversity of microbes associated with plant and the network of mechanisms by which they benefit the host must be studied and utilized. ‘Plant Microbe Symbiosis – Fundamentals and Advances’ provides a comprehensive understanding of positive interactions that occur between plant and microorganisms and their utilization in the fields. The book reviews the enormous diversity of plant associated microbes, the dialog between plant-microbes-microbes and mechanisms of action of PGP microbes. Utilization of PGPRs as nutrient providers, in combating phytopathogens and ameliorating the stressed and polluted soils is also explained. Importantly, the book also throws light on the unanswered questions and future direction of research in the field. It illustrates how the basic knowledge can be amalgamated with advanced technology to design the future bioformulations.

Mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Bertold Hock
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662037793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Mycorrhiza falls into a time period of excep tionally rapid growth in mycorrhizal research. Therefore the edi tors have been most pleased with the decision of the Springer Verlag to revise the first edition and to incorporate the remarkable advances experienced in the mycorrhizal field. The pace of discovery has been particularly fast at the two poles of biological complexity, the molecular events leading to changes in growth and differentiation, as well as the factors regulating the structure and diversity of natural populations and communities. Therefore the most significant changes introduced in the new edition of this book are found within these topics. Not only were many chapters up dated, but also new chapters have replaced existing ones. The individual decisions have not been easy, since valuable contribu tions had to be sacrificed in favour of new aspects; but the authors hope that a highly topical new edition will be of greatest benefit for a rapidly expanding field of research. We welcome comments and critics from readers. Since it was possible again to find leading scientists as contribu tors, we are confident that this revised second edition will stimulate further progress and contribute to a deeper understanding of advances in the mycorrhizal field. We are grateful to the Springer Verlag, especially Dr. Dieter Czeschlik, for his continued interest and active help. Dr. Maja Hilber-Bodmer and Dr.

Recent Advances in Symbiosis Research Integrative Approaches

Recent Advances in Symbiosis Research  Integrative Approaches Book
Author : M. Pilar Francino,Mónica Medina
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-02-02
ISBN : 2889450155
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, symbiosis research has been undertaken by researchers working independently of one another and often focused on a few cases of bipartite host-symbiont interactions. New model systems are emerging that will enable us to fill fundamental gaps in symbiosis research and theory, focusing on a broad range of symbiotic interactions and including a variety of multicellular hosts and their complex microbial communities. In this Research Topic, we invited researchers to contribute their work on diverse symbiotic networks, since there are a large variety of symbioses with major roles in the proper functioning of terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and we wished the Topic to provide a venue for communicating findings across diverse taxonomic groups. A synthesis of recent investigations in symbiosis can impact areas such as agriculture, where a basic understanding of plant-microbe symbiosis will provide foundational information on the increasingly important issue of nitrogen fixation; climate change, where anthropogenic factors are threatening the survival of marine symbiotic ecosystems such as coral reefs; animal and human health, where unbalances in host microbiomes are being increasingly associated with a wide range of diseases; and biotechnology, where process optimization can be achieved through optimization of symbiotic partnerships. Overall, our vision was to produce a volume of works that will help define general principles of symbiosis within a new conceptual framework, in the road to finally establish symbiology as an overdue central discipline of biological science.

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Saiema Rasool
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-02
ISBN : 0128010878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance: Volume II - A Sustainable Approach helps readers take technological measures to alleviate plant stress and improve crop production in various environmental conditions. This resource provides a comprehensive review of how technology can be implemented to improve plant stress tolerance to increase productivity and meet the agricultural needs of the growing human population. The book considers issues of deforestation, disease prevention, climate change and drought, water and land management, and more. It will help any scientist better understand environmental stresses to improve resource management within a world of limited resources. Includes the most recent advances methods and applications of biotechnology to crop science Promotes the prevention of potential diseases to inhibit bacteria postharvest quality of fruits and vegetable crops by advancing application and research Presents a thorough account of research results and critical reviews

Plant cell wall in pathogenesis parasitism and symbiosis

Plant cell wall in pathogenesis  parasitism and symbiosis Book
Author : Vincenzo Lionetti,Jean-Pierre Metraux
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-03-13
ISBN : 2889194426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cell wall is a complex structure mainly composed of cellulose microfibrils embedded in a cohesive hemicellulose and pectin matrix. Cell wall structural proteins, enzymes and their inhibitors are also essential components of plant cell walls. They are involved in the cross-link of cell wall polysaccharides, wall structure, and the perception and signaling of defense-related elicitors at the cell surface. In the outer part of the epidermal cells, the polysaccharides are coated by the cuticle, consisting of hydrophobic cutin, suberin and wax layers. Lignin, a macromolecule composed of highly cross-linked phenolic molecules, is a major component of the secondary cell wall. The cell wall is the first cell structure on which interactions between plants and a wide range of other organisms, including insects, nematodes, pathogenic or symbiotic micro-organisms take place. It not only represents a barrier that limits access to the cellular contents that provide a rich nutrient source for pathogens but serves as a source of elicitors of plant defense responses released upon partial enzymatic degradation of wall polysaccharides during infection. Modification of the plant cell wall can also occur at the level of plasmodesmata during virus infection as well as during abiotic stresses. The fine structure and composition of the plant cell wall as well as the regulation of its biosynthesis can thus strongly influence resistance and susceptibility to pathogens. This Research Topic provides novel insights and detailed overviews on the dynamics of the plant cell wall in plant defence, parasitism and symbiosis and describes experimental approaches to study plant cell wall modifications occurring during interaction of plants with different organisms.

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas Physiology and Function

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas  Physiology and Function Book
Author : Hinanit Koltai,Yoram Kapulnik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-25
ISBN : 904819489X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the years since the first edition of “Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function” was published, an exceptional proliferation of interest in mycorrhizal biology has developed. This has been associated with advances in different research disciplines such as genetics, genomics, proteomics, metabolomics and physiology, advances which have generated better insight into topics of mycorrhizal biology, including the mechanisms of host-mycorrhiza interactions pre- and post-penetration, the influence of the symbiosis on the host and its surroundings, and the evolution and diversity of mycorrhization. It therefore became necessary to both update and expand the book's coverage in this, its second edition.

Mycorrhiza Nutrient Uptake Biocontrol Ecorestoration

Mycorrhiza   Nutrient Uptake  Biocontrol  Ecorestoration Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Ram Prasad,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-15
ISBN : 3319688677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security, plant microbe interaction and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the presence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.

The Model Legume Medicago truncatula

The Model Legume Medicago truncatula Book
Author : Frans J. de Bruijn
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 1119409179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fully covers the biology, biochemistry, genetics, and genomics of Medicago truncatula Model plant species are valuable not only because they lead to discoveries in basic biology, but also because they provide resources that facilitate translational biology to improve crops of economic importance. Plant scientists are drawn to models because of their ease of manipulation, simple genome organization, rapid life cycles, and the availability of multiple genetic and genomic tools. This reference provides comprehensive coverage of the Model Legume Medicago truncatula. It features review chapters as well as research chapters describing experiments carried out by the authors with clear materials and methods. Most of the chapters utilize advanced molecular techniques and biochemical analyses to approach a variety of aspects of the Model. The Model Legume Medicago truncatula starts with an examination of M. truncatula plant development; biosynthesis of natural products; stress and M. truncatula; and the M. truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti symbiosis. Symbiosis of Medicago truncatula with arbuscular mycorrhiza comes next, followed by chapters on the common symbiotic signaling pathway (CSSP or SYM) and infection events in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis. Other sections look at hormones and the rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses; autoregulation of nodule numbers (AON) in M. truncatula; Medicago truncatula databases and computer programs; and more. Contains reviews, original research chapters, and methods Covers most aspects of the M. truncatula Model System, including basic biology, biochemistry, genetics, and genomics of this system Offers molecular techniques and advanced biochemical analyses for approaching a variety of aspects of the Model Legume Medicago truncatula Includes introductions by the editor to each section, presenting the summary of selected chapters in the section Features an extensive index, to facilitate the search for key terms The Model Legume Medicago truncatula is an excellent book for researchers and upper level graduate students in microbial ecology, environmental microbiology, plant genetics and biochemistry. It will also benefit legume biologists, plant molecular biologists, agrobiologists, plant breeders, bioinformaticians, and evolutionary biologists.

Mycorrhiza Eco Physiology Secondary Metabolites Nanomaterials

Mycorrhiza   Eco Physiology  Secondary Metabolites  Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Ram Prasad,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-02
ISBN : 3319578499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the pre sence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.

Flavonoids in Cell Function

Flavonoids in Cell Function Book
Author : Béla Buslig,John Manthey
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 1475752350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of biological activity associated with flavonoid contaminants in vitamin C preparations from bell peppers and lemons by Szent-Gyorgyi and his associates opened a floodgate of research into the biological functions of this ubiquitous and diverse group of compounds. Since then, a broad range of physiological and biochemical activities were discovered in living systems including most plants and animals. With the continued discovery, isolation and identification of new natural and synthetic compounds exhibiting biological activities, entire research programs are devoted to wide ranging investigations to nearly every conceivable area, from microbial and plant interaction, growth regulation and development to physiological, genetical, medicinal actions and uses in animals. This volume is based on presentations made at a Symposium, titled Flavonoids in Cell Function, held during the 219'h National Meeting of the American Chemical Society held in San Francisco, California on March 29-30, 2000. The book is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on flavonoid research, only a sampling of recent results. The papers cover a range of topics discussing various approaches to flavonoid study, starting at plant microbe communication through analytical methods to medicinal and systemic implications of these compounds in animal cells and systems. The organizers would like to express their thanks to Cargill Foods, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota and the Division of Agricultural and Food Chemistry of the American Chemical Society for financial support. A great deal of thanks is also due to the authors without whose cooperation and patience this volume would not be realized.

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America Book
Author : Marcela C. Pagano,Mónica A. Lugo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 3030152286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book shows the work done by researchers dedicated to the study of different mycorrhizas types, the fungal species associated and their distribution influenced by geographical and environmental factors among the different South American biogeographic regions. The exclusive biotic and abiotic characteristics delimit natural ecosystems with uniques biological communities, where mycorrhizologists have investigated plant symbioses in those ecosystems for decades, providing data from Venezuelan Great Savannah, Andes, Puna, Chaco, Caatinga, Monte, Atlantic Forest, Marginal Forest, Cerrado, Patagonia, Yungas, Rainforest, Andean-Patagonian Forests, and Antarctic section. In these environments, different mycorrhizal associations (arbuscular / ericoid / orchidoid / ectomycorrhizal / mycoheterotrophic) are present in herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees. Mycorrhizal associations were studied from different researching points of view (biodiversity, biological invasions, biotic / abiotic disturbances, altitudinal variations, seasonal changes, land uses). The aim of this Book is to compile research on mycorrhizal fungi and their associations in environments of South America, throughout the synthesis of information from natural and anthropogenic related environments. The book focuses in different bioregions of South America from tropical areas to the southern cone, and it will be useful to those who work on plant-fungal interactions in different vegetation types and in agricultural lands from South America and worldwide.

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil Book
Author : Nancy Collins Johnson,Catherine Gehring,Jan Jansa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 0128043830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions. Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon below ground and are increasingly recognized for their importance in the creation, structure, and function of soils. Different global carbon models vary widely in their predictions of the dynamics of the terrestrial carbon pool, ranging from a large sink to a large source. This edited book presents a unique synthesis of the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems, as well as a clear examination of new discoveries and challenges for the future, to inform land management practices that preserve or increase below ground carbon storage. Synthesizes the abundance of research on the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems from a variety of leading international researchers Focuses on the specific role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil processes, with an emphasis on soil development and carbon storage, including coverage of cutting-edge methods and perspectives Includes a chapter in each section on future avenues for further study

Methods in Rhizosphere Biology Research

Methods in Rhizosphere Biology Research Book
Author : Didier Reinhardt,Anil K. Sharma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-29
ISBN : 9811357676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles various methodologies used in understanding interactions within the rhizosphere. An in-depth understanding of the rhizosphere is essential to developing successful strategies for future sustainable agriculture. The book summarizes methods and techniques used to study the mechanisms involved in mutualistic symbioses and pathogenic interactions of plants with various microbial organisms including fungi, bacteria, and oomycetes. Each chapter discusses different methodologies used in rhizosphere biology, while also providing real-world experimental data and trouble-shooting tips. Interested researchers will also find a wealth of literature references for further research. As the first comprehensive manual and compilation of methods and techniques used in rhizosphere biology, the book represents an essential resource for all researchers who are newcomers to soil microbiology experimentation.

Mycorrhizas

Mycorrhizas Book
Author : K R Krishna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-01-07
ISBN : 1482280280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book begins with a chapter on Molecular Evolution and Phylogeny of mycorrhizas. Lucid discussions on cellular physiology, molecular genetics, and molecular regulation of nutrient exchange phenomenon in mycorrhizas form the core of this book. A comparative analysis of the molecular aspects of symbiosis and pathogenesis has been presented in deta