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Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080559346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1996-10-25
ISBN : 9780080537191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In nature, the roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil, and therefore in plant nutrition. Thirteen years have passed since the publication of the First Edition of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, the book that has been generally acclaimed as the most definitive work on this fascinating topic. The Second Edition co-authored by Professor Sally Smith and Professor David Read has been completely rewritten to cover the significant advances in our understanding of this field. Key Features * Separate accounts of major mycorrhizal types, highlighting structure, development, physiology and ecology * Integrative treatment, covering nutrient transport, roles of mycorrhizas in ecology, applications in man-made environments, and interactions with pollutants * In depth treatment of evolutionary and developmental aspects, plus closer examination of external mycelium, and transport processes * Appreciation of diversity of form and function within major mycorrhizal types, and its importance in ecosystems

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Leho Tedersoo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 3319563637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a timely overview and synthesis of biogeographic patterns of plants and fungi and their mycorrhizal associations across geographic scales. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides an updated definition of mycorrhizal types and establishes the best practices of modern biogeographic analyses. Individual chapters address the basic processes and mechanisms driving community ecology, population biology and dispersal in mycorrhizal fungi, which differ greatly from these of prokaryotes, plants and animals. Other chapters review the state-of-the-art knowledge about the distribution, ecology and biogeography of all mycorrhizal types and the most important fungal groups involved in mycorrhizal symbiosis. The book argues that molecular methods have revolutionized our understanding of the ecology and biogeography of mycorrhizal symbiosis and that rapidly evolving high-throughput identification and genomics tools will provide unprecedented information about the structure and functioning of mycorrhizal symbiosis on a global scale. This volume appeals to scientists in the fields of plant and fungal ecology and biogeography.

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Francis Martin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 1118951433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

Mycorrhizal Ecology

Mycorrhizal Ecology Book
Author : Marcel G.A. van der Heijden,Ian R. Sanders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 3540383646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-authored book gives an overview of recent advances and breakthroughs in the field of mycorrhizal ecology. The text elucidates mechanisms that determine plant biodiversity - a prerequisite to ensuring successful management for the conservation and restoration of ecosystems. Topics covered include: all the major mycorrhizal types, plant population biology, multitrophic interactions, biological diversity, ecosystem functioning, global change and evolution. This volume shows that collaboration in the rhizosphere is essential for plants, microbes, plant communities and ecosystems. It has been written with ecologists in mind, giving them easy access to an understanding of how these important interactions could shape our ecosystems.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : J. L. Harley,John Laker Harley,S. E. Smith,Stephen Edward Smith
Publisher :
Release : 1983
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. The symbionts. The development of infection and anatomy of vesicular-arbuscular mucorrhizas. Carbon metabolism and groeth. Mineral nutrition. Ectomycorrhiza. The symbionts. Structure of ectomycorrhiza. Growth physiology of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Growth and carbon metabolism of ectomycorrhizal plants. Physiology of ectomycorrhizas. Nutrient uptake. Ectendomycorrhizas in conifers. Mycorrhiza in Ericales. Ericoid mycorrhizas. Arbutoid and monotropoid mycorrhizas. Orchid mycorrhizas. Essays on mycorrhizal subjects. The causal anatomy of ectomycorrhizas. Translocation in mycorrhizal fungi. Transfer of metabolites between symbionts in mycorrhizal associations. Specifity and recognition in symbiotic systems. Ecological aspects of mycorrhizal symbiosis.

Mycorrhiza Function Diversity State of the Art

Mycorrhiza   Function  Diversity  State of the Art Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Ram Prasad,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-11
ISBN : 331953064X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the presence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.

Impacts of Domestication on the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis of 27 Crop Species

Impacts of Domestication on the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis of 27 Crop Species Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is key to plant nutrition, and hence is potentially key in sustainable agriculture. Fertilization and other agricultural practices reduce soil AM fungi and root colonization. Such conditions might promote the evolution of low mycorrhizal responsive crops. Therefore, we ask if and how evolution under domestication has altered AM symbioses of crops. We measured the effect of domestication on mycorrhizal responsiveness across 27 crop species and their wild progenitors. Additionally, in a subset of 14 crops, we tested if domestication effects differed under contrasting phosphorus (P) availabilities. The response of AM symbiosis to domestication varied with P availability. On average, wild progenitors benefited from the AM symbiosis irrespective of P availability, while domesticated crops only profited under P‐limited conditions. Magnitudes and directions of response were diverse among the 27 crops, and were unrelated to phylogenetic affinities or to the coordinated evolution with fine root traits. Our results indicate disruptions in the efficiency of the AM symbiosis linked to domestication. Under high fertilization, domestication could have altered the regulation of resource trafficking between AM fungi and associated plant hosts. Provided that crops are commonly raised under high fertilization, this result has important implications for sustainable agriculture.

Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis

Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis Book
Author : James F. White Jr.,Monica S. Torres
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-05-26
ISBN : 9781420069327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anemones and fish, ants and acacia trees, fungus and trees, buffaloes and oxpeckers--each of these unlikely duos is an inimitable partnership in which the species’ coexistence is mutually beneficial. More specifically, they represent examples of defensive mutualism, when one species receives protection against predators or parasites in exchange for offering shelter or food to its partner species. Explores the Diverse Range of Defensive Mutualisms Involving Microbial Symbionts The past 20 years, since this phenomenon first began receiving attention, have been marked by a deluge of research in a variety of organism kingdoms and much has been discovered about this intriguing behavior. Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis includes basic ecological and biological information on defensive mutualisms, explores how they function, and evaluates how they have evolved. It also looks at the implications of symbiosis defensive compounds as a new frontier in bioexploration for drug and natural product discovery--the first book to explore this possibility. Chapters Written by Field Authorities The book expands the concept of defensive mutualisms to evaluate defense against environmental abiotic and biotic stresses. Addressing the topic of defensive mutualisms in microbial symbiosis across this wide spectrum, it includes chapters on defensive mutualistic associations involving multiple kingdoms of organisms in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems--plant, animal, fungi, bacteria, and protozoans. Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis unifies scattered findings into a single compendium, providing a valuable reference for field researchers and those in academia to assimilate and acquire a knowledgeable perspective on defensive mutualism, particularly those involving microbial partners.

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America Book
Author : Marcela C. Pagano,Mónica A. Lugo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 3030152286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book shows the work done by researchers dedicated to the study of different mycorrhizas types, the fungal species associated and their distribution influenced by geographical and environmental factors among the different South American biogeographic regions. The exclusive biotic and abiotic characteristics delimit natural ecosystems with uniques biological communities, where mycorrhizologists have investigated plant symbioses in those ecosystems for decades, providing data from Venezuelan Great Savannah, Andes, Puna, Chaco, Caatinga, Monte, Atlantic Forest, Marginal Forest, Cerrado, Patagonia, Yungas, Rainforest, Andean-Patagonian Forests, and Antarctic section. In these environments, different mycorrhizal associations (arbuscular / ericoid / orchidoid / ectomycorrhizal / mycoheterotrophic) are present in herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees. Mycorrhizal associations were studied from different researching points of view (biodiversity, biological invasions, biotic / abiotic disturbances, altitudinal variations, seasonal changes, land uses). The aim of this Book is to compile research on mycorrhizal fungi and their associations in environments of South America, throughout the synthesis of information from natural and anthropogenic related environments. The book focuses in different bioregions of South America from tropical areas to the southern cone, and it will be useful to those who work on plant-fungal interactions in different vegetation types and in agricultural lands from South America and worldwide.

Mycorrhizae Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

Mycorrhizae  Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry Book
Author : Zaki Anwar Siddiqui,Mohammad Sayeed Akhtar,Kazuyoshi Futai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-27
ISBN : 1402087705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant resistance and biocontrol of plant pathogens. This book discusses and goes into detail on a number of topics: the molecular basis of nutrient exchange between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and host plants; the role of AM fungi in disease protection, alleviation of soil stresses and increasing grain production; interactions of AM fungi and beneficial saprophytic mycoflora in terms of plant growth promotion; the role of AM fungi in the restoration of native ecosystems; indirect contributions of AM fungi and soil aggregation to plant growth and mycorrhizosphere effect of multitrophic interaction; the mechanisms by which mycorrhizas change a disturbed ecosystem into productive land; the importance of reinstallation of mycorrhizal systems in the rhizosphere is emphasized and their impact on landscape regeneration, and in bioremediation of contaminated soils; Ectomycorrhizae (ECM) and their importance in forest ecosystems and associations of ECM in tropical rain forests function to maintain tropical monodominance; in vitro mycorrhization of micro-propagated plants, and visualizing and quantifying endorhizal fungi; the use of mycorrhizae, mainly AM and ECM, for sustainable agriculture and forestry.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Forest grown American Ginseng Panax Quinquefolius and the Effect of Mycorrhizal Colonization on Root Ginsenoside Concentrations

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Forest grown American Ginseng  Panax Quinquefolius   and the Effect of Mycorrhizal Colonization on Root Ginsenoside Concentrations Book
Author : Tanner R. Filyaw
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is a valuable medicinal plant that has been harvested from the forests of eastern North America for over 300 years. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) are symbiotic soil organisms that colonize plant roots and assist in the uptake of water and nutrients. The role of AMF in the production of American ginseng has become a topic of increasing interest, but forest-based research on this subject is limited. This study quantified AMF colonization in forest-grown ginseng roots, resolved the relationship between AMF colonization and root ginsenoside concentrations, and identified species of AMF present in forest production sites.

Concepts in Mycorrhizal Research

Concepts in Mycorrhizal Research Book
Author : K.G. Mukerji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-12-31
ISBN : 9780792338901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhiza will be the focus of research and study for the coming decade. Successful survival and maintenance of plant cover is mostly dependent on mycorrhization. During the last decade about ten books have appeared on various aspects of mycorrhiza, including two on methodology. The present book has been compiled to give a complete and comprehensive description of the topic to the students and researchers in botany, applied mycology, biotechnology, forestry and agriculture. The book will also be useful to planners dealing with biofertilizers and forestation. Besides topics of academic interest, the volume includes several aspects which are unique and are written about for the first time, e.g.: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal symbiosis - recognition and specificity; Mycorrhizal Integration and cellular compatibility between Endomycorrhizal symbionts; Cost - economics of existing methodology for inoculum production of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Mycorrhiza: Ecological Implications of Plant interactions; Outplanting performance of mycorrhizal inoculated seedlings; Fluorescence microscopy in mycorrhiza studies and Ectomycorrhizal fungi as experimental organism. Other aspects not mentioned above include most recent reviews concerning vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza and ectomycorrhizae. The different review chapters have been written by world authorities in their respective specialisations giving more up to date information than is provided anywhere else. This book deals with all major aspects of mycorrhiza, giving structure, ultrastructure, ecology and applications in agriculture and forestry.

Diversity and Integration in Mycorrhizas

Diversity and Integration in Mycorrhizas Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,F. Andrew Smith
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-09-30
ISBN : 9781402002694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Mycorrhizas (ICOM3), 8-13th July 2001, Adelaide, Australia