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Mycorrhizal Mediation Of Soil

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Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil Book
Author : Nancy Collins Johnson,Catherine Gehring,Jan Jansa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 0128043830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions. Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon below ground and are increasingly recognized for their importance in the creation, structure, and function of soils. Different global carbon models vary widely in their predictions of the dynamics of the terrestrial carbon pool, ranging from a large sink to a large source. This edited book presents a unique synthesis of the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems, as well as a clear examination of new discoveries and challenges for the future, to inform land management practices that preserve or increase below ground carbon storage. Synthesizes the abundance of research on the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems from a variety of leading international researchers Focuses on the specific role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil processes, with an emphasis on soil development and carbon storage, including coverage of cutting-edge methods and perspectives Includes a chapter in each section on future avenues for further study

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil Book
Author : Nancy Johnson,Jan Jansa,Catherine Gehring
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-21
ISBN : 9780128043127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage" offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions. Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon below ground and are increasingly recognized for their importance in the creation, structure, and function of soils. Different global carbon models vary widely in their predictions of the dynamics of the terrestrial carbon pool, ranging from a large sink to a large source. This edited book presents a unique synthesis of the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems, as well as a clear examination of new discoveries and challenges for the future, to inform land management practices that preserve or increase below ground carbon storage. Synthesizes the abundance of research on the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems from a variety of leading international researchersFocuses on the specific role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil processes, with an emphasis on soil development and carbon storage, including coverage of cutting-edge methods and perspectives Includes a chapter in each section on future avenues for further study

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming Book
Author : Jacqueline E. Mohan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-12
ISBN : 0128134941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming: Microbes, Vegetation, Fauna and Soil Biogeochemistry focuses on biotic and biogeochemical responses to warmer soils including plant and microbial evolution. It covers various field settings, such as arctic tundra; alpine meadows; temperate, tropical and subalpine forests; drylands; and grassland ecosystems. Information integrates multiple natural science disciplines, providing a holistic, integrative approach that will help readers understand and forecast future planetwide responses to soil warming. Students and educators will find this book informative for understanding biotic and biogeochemical responses to changing climatic conditions. Scientists from a wide range of disciplines, including soil scientists, ecologists, geneticists, as well as molecular, evolutionary and conservation biologists, will find this book a valuable resource in understanding and planning for warmer climate conditions. Emphasizes biological components of soils, plants and microbes that provide linkages to physics and chemistry Brings together chapters written by global scientific experts with interests in communication and education Includes coverage of polar, alpine, tropical, temperate and dryland ecosystems

Role of Microbes in Climate Smart Agriculture

Role of Microbes in Climate Smart Agriculture Book
Author : Pil Joo Kim,Suvendu Das,Adrian Ho
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-01-28
ISBN : 2889633721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Role of Microbes in Climate Smart Agriculture book written by Pil Joo Kim,Suvendu Das,Adrian Ho, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming Book
Author : Jacqueline E. Mohan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-27
ISBN : 0128134933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming: Microbes, Vegetation, Fauna and Soil Biogeochemistry focuses on biotic and biogeochemical responses to warmer soils including plant and microbial evolution. It covers various field settings, such as arctic tundra; alpine meadows; temperate, tropical and subalpine forests; drylands; and grassland ecosystems. Information integrates multiple natural science disciplines, providing a holistic, integrative approach that will help readers understand and forecast future planetwide responses to soil warming. Students and educators will find this book informative for understanding biotic and biogeochemical responses to changing climatic conditions. Scientists from a wide range of disciplines, including soil scientists, ecologists, geneticists, as well as molecular, evolutionary and conservation biologists, will find this book a valuable resource in understanding and planning for warmer climate conditions. Emphasizes biological components of soils, plants and microbes that provide linkages to physics and chemistry Brings together chapters written by global scientific experts with interests in communication and education Includes coverage of polar, alpine, tropical, temperate and dryland ecosystems

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas and Stress Tolerance of Plants

Arbuscular Mycorrhizas and Stress Tolerance of Plants Book
Author : Qiang-Sheng Wu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 9811041156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the potential mechanisms in arbuscular mycorrhizas (AMs), in the hope that this can help arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) to be more used efficiently as a biostimulant to enhance stress tolerance in the host plants. AMF, as well as plants, are often exposed to all or many of the abiotic and biotic stresses, including extreme temperatures, pH, drought, water-logging, toxic metals and soil pathogens. Studies have indicated a quick response to these stresses involving several mechanisms, such as root morphological modification, reactive oxygen species change, osmotic adjustment, direct absorption of water by extraradical hyphae, up-regulated expression of relevant stressed genes, glomalin-related soil protein release, etc. The underlying complex, multi-dimensional strategy is involved in morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular processes. The AMF responses are often associated with homeostatic regulation of the internal and external environment, and are therefore critical for plant health, survival and restoration in native ecosystems and good soil structure.

Mycorrhizal Dynamics in Ecological Systems

Mycorrhizal Dynamics in Ecological Systems Book
Author : Michael F. Allen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2022-04-14
ISBN : 0521831490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interdisciplinary volume on dynamic interactions between plants and fungi and how they scale up to land management and global change.

Aboveground Belowground Community Ecology

Aboveground   Belowground Community Ecology Book
Author : Takayuki Ohgushi,Susanne Wurst,Scott N. Johnson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-01
ISBN : 3319916149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Researchers now recognize that above- and belowground communities are indirectly linked to one another, often by plant-mediated mechanisms. To date, however, there has been no single multi-authored edited volume on the subject. This book remedies that gap, and offers state-of-the art insights into basic and applied research on aboveground-belowground interactions and their functional consequences. Drawing on a diverse pool of global expertise, the authors present diverse approaches that span a range of scales and levels of complexity. The respective chapters provide in-depth information on the current state of research, and outline future prospects in the field of aboveground-belowground community ecology. In particular, the book’s goal is to expand readers’ knowledge of the evolutionary, community and ecosystem consequences of aboveground-belowground interactions, making it essential reading for all biologists, graduate students and advanced undergraduates working in this rapidly expanding field. It touches on multiple research fields including ecology, botany, zoology, entomology, microbiology and the related applied areas of biodiversity management and conservation.

Mycorrhizal Ecology

Mycorrhizal Ecology Book
Author : Marcel G.A. van der Heijden,Ian R. Sanders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 3540383646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-authored book gives an overview of recent advances and breakthroughs in the field of mycorrhizal ecology. The text elucidates mechanisms that determine plant biodiversity - a prerequisite to ensuring successful management for the conservation and restoration of ecosystems. Topics covered include: all the major mycorrhizal types, plant population biology, multitrophic interactions, biological diversity, ecosystem functioning, global change and evolution. This volume shows that collaboration in the rhizosphere is essential for plants, microbes, plant communities and ecosystems. It has been written with ecologists in mind, giving them easy access to an understanding of how these important interactions could shape our ecosystems.

Soil Fertility Management for Sustainable Development

Soil Fertility Management for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Deepak G. Panpatte,Yogeshvari K. Jhala
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-07
ISBN : 9811359040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil fertility is the backbone of agricultural systems and plays a key role in determining food quantity and quality. In recent decades, soil fertility has decreased due to indiscriminate use of agrochemicals, and nations around the globe are now facing the challenge of increasing food production while sustainably maintaining soil fertility. Written by leading international scientists in the field, this book explores soil fertility management strategies, including agronomic, microbiological and soil-science based strategies. Highlighting the practices that can be incorporated into organic farming and discussing recent advances, it is a valuable resource for researchers wanting to broaden their vision and the scope of their investigations.

Role of Microbial Communities for Sustainability

Role of Microbial Communities for Sustainability Book
Author : Gamini Seneviratne,Junaida Shezmin Zavahir
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-27
ISBN : 9811599122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the role played by microbes in their community mode in sustaining ecosystems. The descriptions given in its chapters indicate clearly that microbial communities are more effective in delivering multifaceted benefits to the soil-plant system than those offered by microbial monocultures in planktonic modes. The role these communities play in a multitude of microbe-microbe and plant-microbe interactions have not yet been fully exploited to gain benefits in this field as well as to achieve sustainability in agriculture practices. Amply discussed are the beneficial characteristics and metabolic capacities of specific microbial groups and the use of microbial traits for the benefit of plant growth. The book suggests the need to develop new microbial technologies to utilize plant-associated microbes for increased crop productivity and agroecosystem balance in order to ensure sustainability. This also provides an effective guidance to scientists, academics, researchers, students and policy makers of the sphere to achieve the above outcomes.

Soils and Landscape Restoration

Soils and Landscape Restoration Book
Author : John A. Stanturf,Mac Callaham
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-24
ISBN : 0128131942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soils and Landscape Restoration provides a multidisciplinary synthesis on the sustainable management and restoration of soils in various landscapes. The book presents applicable knowledge of above- and below-ground interactions and biome specific realizations along with in-depth investigations of particular soil degradation pathways. It focuses on severely degraded soils (e.g., eroded, salinized, mined) as well as the restoration of wetlands, grasslands and forests. The book addresses the need to bring together current perspectives on land degradation and restoration in soil science and restoration ecology to better incorporate soil-based information when restoration plans are formulated. Incudes a chapter on climate change and novel ecosystems, thus collating the perspective of soil scientists and ecologists on this consequential and controversial topic Connects science to international policy and practice Includes summaries at the end of each chapter to elucidate principles and key points

Biostimulants in Agriculture

Biostimulants in Agriculture Book
Author : Youssef Rouphael,Giuseppe Colla
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-03-24
ISBN : 2889635589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biostimulants in Agriculture book written by Youssef Rouphael,Giuseppe Colla, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture

The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Alok Kumar Srivastava,Prem Lal Kashyap,Madhumita Srivastava
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-16
ISBN : 111950516X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most up-to-date reference on phytomicrobiomes available today The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture combines the most relevant and timely information available today in the fields of nutrient and food security. With a particular emphasis on current research progress and perspectives of future development in the area, The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture is an invaluable reference for students and researchers in the field, as well as those with an interest in microbiome research and development. The book covers both terrestrial and crop associated microbiomes, unveiling the biological, biotechnological and technical aspects of research. Topics discussed include: Developing model plant microbiome systems for various agriculturally important crops Defining core microbiomes and metagenomes in these model systems Defining synthetic microbiomes for a sustainable increase in food production and quality The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture is written to allow a relative neophyte to learn and understand the basic concepts involved in phytomicrobiomes and discuss them intelligently with colleagues.

Mycorrhizosphere and Pedogenesis

Mycorrhizosphere and Pedogenesis Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Devendra K. Choudhary
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 981136480X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book highlights importance of mycorrhiza in soil genesis wherein it reflects mycorrhizal occurrence and diversity, various tools to characterize them and its impact on soil formation/health together with crop productivity. The edited compendium provides glimpses on the mycorrhizal fungi and their prominent role in nutrient transfer into host plants, and presenting view on application of mycorrhiza for crop biofortification. It focuses on the mechanisms involve in weathering process employed by mycorrhiza with highlighting the current and advanced molecular approaches for studying mycorrhizal diversity. Further, book emphasizes following aspects in details: significance of AMF in phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated sites, the role of mycorrhiza in soil genesis using scientometric approach, the concept of mycorrhizosphere, xenobiotic metabolism, molecular approaches for detoxifying the organic xenobiotics and the role of mycorrhizosphere in stabilizing the environment in an eco-friendly way. In addition, the book will be benign to researchers that involved in mycorrhiza characterization especially by deploying metagenomics/PCR based and non PCR based molecular techniques that may be utilized to study the microbial diversity and structure within the mycorrhizosphere.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Book
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080559346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Fruit Crops

Fruit Crops Book
Author : Anoop Kumar Srivastava,Chengxiao Hu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-30
ISBN : 0128187263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fruit Crops: Diagnosis and Management of Nutrient Constraints is the first and only resource to holistically relate fruits as a nutritional source for human health to the state-of-the-art methodologies currently used to diagnose and manage nutritional constraints placed on those fruits. This book explores a variety of advanced management techniques, including open field hydroponic, fertigation/bio-fertigation, the use of nano-fertilizers, sensors-based nutrient management, climate- smart integrated soil fertility management, inoculation with microbial consortium, and endophytes backed up by ecophysiology of fruit crops. These intricate issues are effectively presented, including real-world applications and future insights. Presents the latest research, including issues with commercial application Details comprehensive insights into the diagnosis and management of nutrient constraints Includes contributions by world renowned researchers, providing global perspectives and experience

Recent Trends in Mycological Research

Recent Trends in Mycological Research Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-04
ISBN : 3030606597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi range from being microscopic, single-celled yeasts to multicellular and heterotrophic in nature. Fungal communities have been found in vast ranges of environmental conditions. They can be associated with plants epiphytically, endophytically, or rhizospherically. Extreme environments represent unique ecosystems that harbor novel biodiversity of fungal communities. Interest in the exploration of fungal diversity has been spurred by the fact that fungi perform numerous functions integral in sustaining the biosphere, ranging from nutrient cycling to environmental detoxification, which involves processes like augmentation, supplementation, and recycling of plant nutrients - a particularly important process in sustainable agriculture. Fungal communities from natural and extreme habitats help promote plant growth, enhance crop yield, and enhance soil fertility via direct or indirect plant growth promoting (PGP) mechanisms of solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and zinc, production of ammonia, hydrogen cyanides, phytohormones, Fe-chelating compounds, extracellular hydrolytic enzymes, and bioactive secondary metabolites. These PGP fungi could be used as biofertilizers, bioinoculants, and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in eco-friendly manners for sustainable agriculture and environments. Along with agricultural applications, medically important fungi play a significant role for human health. Fungal communities are useful for sustainable environments as they are used for bioremediation which is the use of microorganisms' metabolism to degrade waste contaminants (sewage, domestic, and industrial effluents) into non-toxic or less toxic materials by natural biological processes. Fungi could be used as mycoremediation for the future of environmental sustainability. Fungi and fungal products have the biochemical and ecological capability to degrade environmental organic chemicals and to decrease the risk associated with metals, semi-metals, and noble metals either by chemical modification or by manipulating chemical bioavailability. The two volumes of Recent Trends in Mycological Research aim to provide an understanding of fungal communities from diverse environmental habitats and their potential applications in agriculture, medical, environments and industry. The books are useful to scientists, researchers, and students involved in microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Root Ecology

Root Ecology Book
Author : Hans de Kroon,Eric J.W. Visser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662097842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the course of evolution, a great variety of root systems have learned to overcome the many physical, biochemical and biological problems brought about by soil. This development has made them a fascinating object of scientific study. This volume gives an overview of how roots have adapted to the soil environment and which roles they play in the soil ecosystem. The text describes the form and function of roots, their temporal and spatial distribution, and their turnover rate in various ecosystems. Subsequently, a physiological background is provided for basic functions, such as carbon acquisition, water and solute movement, and for their responses to three major abiotic stresses, i.e. hard soil structure, drought and flooding. The volume concludes with the interactions of roots with other organisms of the complex soil ecosystem, including symbiosis, competition, and the function of roots as a food source.

Forest Microbiology

Forest Microbiology Book
Author : Fred O. Asiegbu,Andriy Kovalchuk
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 0128225432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest Microbiology, Volume One: Tree Microbiome: Phyllosphere, Endosphere and Rhizosphere places an emphasis on the microbiology of leaves, needles, stems, roots, litter and soil. This comprehensive title is split into five sections, including the phyllosphere microbiome, endosphere, rhizosphere, archaea, viruses in forest ecosystem and microbiota of forest nurseries and tree pests, challenges and potentials. Microbial communities associated with various host trees and different tree tissues are compared, and generalists and specialists among tree-associated microbes are identified. In addition, biotic and abiotic factors determining the composition and the structure of forest tree microbial communities are presented, along with the concept of microbial ‘hubs.' Together, the book's editors have 25 years’ worth of experience teaching and conducting research on forest microbiology, making this an essential read for any scientist interested in the forest microbiome. Addresses the microbiology of living organs of forest trees including needles, leaves, stems and roots Highlights the potential impact of microbiota inhabiting forest trees on the health and fitness of, and disease progression in, forest biomes Focuses on the phyllosphere, endosphere and rhizosphere forest microbiome