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Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion In Developing Countries

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Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Emerging Countries

Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Emerging Countries Book
Author : Suani Teixeira Coelho,Alessandro Sanches Pereira,Shyamala Mani,Daniel Hugo Bouille,William H.L. Stafford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 9780128134191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Emerging Countries: Technologies, Best Practices, Challenges and Policy presents contributions from authors from India, Brazil, South Africa and China who come together to present the most reliable technologies for the energy conversion of municipal solid waste. The book addresses existing economic and policy scenarios and possible pathways to increase energy access and reduce the negative impacts of inadequate disposal. The book's authors discuss anaerobic digestion and other MSW conversion technologies, such as incineration and gasification. The environmental and social impacts of their introduction in small villages in emerging countries is also explored. Due to its focus on local authors and its pragmatic approach, this book is indispensable for bioenergy researchers and practitioners in emerging economies, as well as researchers, graduate students and professionals interested in developing waste to energy technology that can be implemented in those regions. It is also particularly useful to professionals interested in energy policy and economics, due to its assessment of policy and recommendations. Explores the opportunities and challenges for municipal solid waste to energy technology implementation in emerging economies, such as Brazil, India, South Africa and China Presents a detailed and updated overview of the commercial technologies available in these countries and their economic, environmental and social aspects Includes case studies which highlight best practices and successful local experiences Examines current economics and policy barriers for these technologies

Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Developing Countries

Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Developing Countries Book
Author : Suani Teixeira Coelho,Alessandro Sanches Pereira,Shyamala K. Mani,Daniel Hugo Bouille,William H.L. Stafford,Marina Yesica Recalde,Atilio Armando Savino
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128134208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Emerging Countries: Technologies, Best Practices, Challenges and Policy presents contributions from authors from India, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, South Africa and China who come together to present the most reliable technologies for the energy conversion of municipal solid waste. The book addresses existing economic and policy scenarios and possible pathways to increase energy access and reduce the negative impacts of inadequate disposal. The book's authors discuss anaerobic digestion and other MSW conversion technologies, such as incineration and gasification. The environmental and social impacts of their introduction in small villages in emerging countries is also explored. Due to its focus on local authors and its pragmatic approach, this book is indispensable for bioenergy researchers and practitioners in emerging economies, as well as researchers, graduate students and professionals interested in developing waste to energy technology that can be implemented in those regions. It is also particularly useful to professionals interested in energy policy and economics, due to its assessment of policy and recommendations. Explores the opportunities and challenges for municipal solid waste to energy technology implementation in emerging economies, such as Brazil, India, South Africa and China Presents a detailed and updated overview of the commercial technologies available in these countries and their economic, environmental and social aspects Includes case studies which highlight best practices and successful local experiences Examines current economics and policy barriers for these technologies

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes Book
Author : Gary C. Young
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-11-29
ISBN : 9781118029275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to generate energy and revenues for local communities in an environmentally safe manner with essentially no wastes. Beginning with an introduction to pyrolysis/gasification and combustion technologies, the book provides many case studies on various waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies and creates an economic and technical baseline from which all current and emerging WTE technologies could be compared and evaluated. Topics include: Pyrolysis/gasification technology, the most suitable and economically viable approach for the management of wastes Combustion technology Other renewable energy resources including wind and hydroelectric energy Plasma economics Cash flows as a revenue source for waste solids-to-energy management Plant operations, with an independent case study of Eco-Valley plant in Utashinai, Japan Extensive case studies of garbage to liquid fuels, wastes to electricity, and wastes to power ethanol plants illustrate how currently generated MSW and past wastes in landfills can be processed with proven plasma gasification technology to eliminate air and water pollution from landfills.

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology Book
Author : Naomi B Klinghoffer,Marco J Castaldi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0857096362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field. Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plants Explores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasification Considers pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Waste to Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste

Waste to Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Sunpreet Singh,Lalit Goswami
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-09
ISBN : 0323853889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste-to-Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste: Interdisciplinary Methods of Controlling Waste provides a comprehensive overview of the key technologies and approaches to achieve zero waste from energy. The book emphasizes the importance of an integrated approach to waste-to-energy using fundamental concepts and principles, and presents key methods, their applications, and perspectives on future development. The book provides readers with the tools to make key decisions on waste-to-energy projects from zero-waste principles, while incorporating sustainability and life cycle assessments from financial and environmental perspectives. Waste-to-Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste: Interdisciplinary Methods of Controlling Waste offers practical guidance on achieving energy with zero waste ideal for researchers and graduate students involved in waste-to-energy and renewable energy, waste remediation, and sustainability. Provides an integrated approach for waste-to-energy using zero waste concepts Offers decision-making guidance on selecting the most appropriate approach for each project Presents the sustainability and life cycle assessment of WTE technologies on financial and environmental grounds

Energy Recovery Processes from Wastes

Energy Recovery Processes from Wastes Book
Author : Sadhan Kumar Ghosh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789813292291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on a global issue--municipal solid waste management (MSWM) and presents the most effective solutions based on energy recovery processes. There is huge potential in employing different technologies and modern management methodology for recovering energy from various waste streams to establish a sustainable and circular economy. In several countries, energy recovery from municipal solid wastes (MSW) is seen as a way of reducing the negative impact of waste on the environment and also reducing the burden on land resources. The book primarily focuses on highlighting the latest insights into energy recovery from various waste streams in different countries, with a particular emphasis on India. Further, it paves the way for sustainability in the energy sector as a whole by addressing waste management issues and simultaneous energy recovery. The chapters present high-quality research papers selected and presented in the conference, IconSWM 2018.

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy Book
Author : Jingzheng Ren
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 0128166134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste-to-Energy: Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Sustainability Assessment and Ranking offers a comprehensive view of the technologies and processes for energy generation as a path for waste treatment, presenting all the necessary information and tools for selecting the most sustainable waste-to-energy solution under varying conditions. The book combines methods such as lifecycle assessment, sustainability assessment, multi-criteria decision-making, and multi-objective optimization modes. In addition, it provides an overview of waste-to-energy feedstocks, technologies and implementation, then goes on to investigate the critical factors and key enablers that influence the sustainable development of the waste-to-energy industry. The book proposes several decision-making methods for the ranking and selection of waste-to-energy scenarios under different levels of certainty and information availability, including multi-criteria, multi-actor and multi-attribute methods. Finally, the book employs lifecycle tools that allow the assessment of economic, environmental and social sustainability of waste-to-energy systems. Explores existing and state-of-the-art waste to energy technologies and systems, as well as their feedstock requirements Presents a wide perspective of sustainability issues of waste-to-energy technologies, also discussing critical influential factors or key enablers for promoting the sustainable development of waste-to-energy solutions Provides multi-dimensional decision-making techniques for choosing the most suitable and sustainable waste-to-energy technologies for different scenarios

Future Directions of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa

Future Directions of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa Book
Author : Mohee, Romeela,Simelane, Thokozani
Publisher : Africa Institute of South Africa
Release : 2015-04-03
ISBN : 0798304235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transformation and rapid population growth in Africa indicates that urbanisation is one of the key determinants of the future of social dynamics and development of the continent. Linked to these changes are increased production levels of Municipal Solid Waste. This book provides recommendations and solutions that derive from current situations, experiences and observations in Africa. The study is an essential tool for urban planners, environmental engineering students and lecturers, environmental consultants and policy-makers; it is also a resource for municipal authorities, as it outlines future directions of Municipal Solid Waste management. These need to be considered by the municipal authorities of most African countries.

The Biogas Handbook

The Biogas Handbook Book
Author : Arthur Wellinger,Jerry D Murphy,David Baxter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0857097415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With pressure increasing to utilise wastes and residues effectively and sustainably, the production of biogas represents one of the most important routes towards reaching national and international renewable energy targets. The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to the development and deployment of biogas supply chains and technology. Following a concise overview of biogas as an energy option, part one explores biomass resources and fundamental science and engineering of biogas production, including feedstock characterisation, storage and pre-treatment, and yield optimisation. Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation are the focus of part two. Topics considered include the engineering and process control of biogas plants, methane emissions in biogas production, and biogas digestate quality, utilisation and land application. Finally, part three discusses international experience and best practice in biogas utilisation. Biogas cleaning and upgrading to biomethane, biomethane use as transport fuel and the generation of heat and power from biogas for stationery applications are all discussed. The book concludes with a review of market development and biomethane certification schemes. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications is a practical reference to biogas technology for process engineers, manufacturers, industrial chemists and biochemists, scientists, researchers and academics working in this field. Provides a concise overview of biogas as an energy option Explores biomass resources for production Examines plant design and engineering and process optimisation

Sustainable Waste Management Challenges in Developing Countries

Sustainable Waste Management Challenges in Developing Countries Book
Author : Pariatamby, Agamuthu,Shahul Hamid, Fauziah,Bhatti, Mehran Sanam
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-10-18
ISBN : 1799802000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As global waste generation increases at a rapid rate, there is a dire need for waste management practices such as collection, disposal, and recycling to protect from environmental pollution. However, developing countries generate two to three times more waste, resort to open dumps more often than developed countries, and are slower to integrate waste management standards. There is a need for studies that examine the waste generation and practices of countries that share similar economic backgrounds as they strive to implement successful waste management techniques. Sustainable Waste Management Challenges in Developing Countries is an essential reference source that discusses the challenges and strategies of waste management practices and the unique waste issues faced by developing countries that prevent them from achieving the goal of integrated waste management. While highlighting topics including e-waste, transboundary movement, and consumption patterns, this book is ideally designed for policymakers, legislators, waste company managers, environmentalists, students, academicians, and municipal planners seeking current research on the global waste management problem.

Innovative Waste Management Technologies for Sustainable Development

Innovative Waste Management Technologies for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Bhat, Rouf Ahmad,Qadri, Humaira,Wani, Khursheed Ahmad,Dar, Gowhar Hamid,Mehmood, Mohammad Aneesul
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-08-30
ISBN : 1799800334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A rapidly growing population, industrialization, modernization, luxury life style, and overall urbanization are associated with the generation of enhanced wastes. The inadequate management of the ever-growing amount of waste has degraded the quality of the natural resources on a regional, state, and country basis, and consequently threatens public health as well as global environmental security. Therefore, there is an existent demand for the improvement of sustainable, efficient, and low-cost technologies to monitor and properly manage the huge quantities of waste and convert these wastes into energy sources. Innovative Waste Management Technologies for Sustainable Development is an essential reference source that discusses management of different types of wastes and provides relevant theoretical frameworks about new waste management technologies for the control of air, water, and soil pollution. This publication also explores the innovative concept of waste-to-energy and its application in safeguarding the environment. Featuring research on topics such as pollution management, vermicomposting, and crude dumping, this book is ideally designed for environmentalists, policymakers, professionals, researchers, scientists, industrialists, and environmental agencies.

Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies

Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies Book
Author : P. Jayarama Reddy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-03-30
ISBN : 149877704X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of the technology that allows millions and millions of tons of municipal solid waste generated globally to be perceived as an asset which, after materials recovery for recycling, can be used to generate clean power, transport fuels that can substitute fossil fuels, and value-based chemicals with minimal environmental impact. It also explains how hazardous wastes and sewage sludge can be treated and disposed of without affecting human and environmental health. It does so by providing a full discussion of established thermal conversion technologies generating heat, electricity, liquid fuels and useful chemicals from solid waste. Featuring case studies describing worldwide waste-to-energy plants in successful operation, it offers highly suited supporting material for an introductory course on waste thermal conversion processes.

Waste to Energy in the Age of the Circular Economy

Waste to Energy in the Age of the Circular Economy Book
Author : Asian Development Bank
Publisher : Asian Development Bank
Release : 2020-11-01
ISBN : 9292624814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook features best practices for integrating waste to energy and related technologies into the operations of various industries. It discusses current technologies, presents a conceptual example of municipal solid waste planning, and provides commentary on waste-to-energy initiatives. The importance of appropriate infrastructure as well as flexibility and openness to technologies and business models is emphasized. The handbook—and its complementary compendium of 18 projects—aim to support the efforts of developing countries in Asia and the Pacific to deploy and scale up technologies relevant to the circular economy.

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Book
Author : T. Rand,J. Haukohl,U. Marxen
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 9780821346686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever increasing amounts of solid waste and dwindling space for disposal is a problem reaching crisis level in many of the world's largest urban areas. Incineration as an alternative to landfill has come under scrutiny, though the capital and operating costs generally exceed those associated with landfill. This report provides background information for the "Decision-maker' guide to municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration". Key criteria for a solid waste incineration scheme are identified, and the report gives decision makers information on how to investigate and assess the degree to which they are fulfilled.

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND STORAGE DEVICES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND STORAGE DEVICES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Book
Author : V. K. Jain,Chandima Gomes,Abhishek Verma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811692807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book contains selected and peer-reviewed papers presented during the International Workshop on Renewable Energy and Storage Devices for Sustainable Development (IWRESD-2021). The book covers recent research on various applications and scientific developments in the areas of renewable energy. These topics are solar cells, sustainable energy conversion, processing technologies, instrumentation, energy storage devices, solar thermal applications, batteries, new materials, and processes to develop low-cost renewable energy-based technologies, etc. This book will be of interest to researchers and engineers across a variety of fields.

Urban Infrastructuring

Urban Infrastructuring Book
Author : Deljana Iossifova
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-07-07
ISBN : 9811683522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Urban Infrastructuring book written by Deljana Iossifova, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Design Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems

Design  Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems Book
Author : Ahmad Taher Azar,Nashwa Ahmad Kamal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-09
ISBN : 0323859917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design, Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems covers recent advancements in the study of renewable energy control systems by bringing together diverse scientific breakthroughs on the modeling, control and optimization of renewable energy systems as conveyed by leading energy systems engineering researchers. The book focuses on present novel solutions for many problems in the field, covering modeling, control theorems and the optimization techniques that will help solve many scientific issues for researchers. Multidisciplinary applications are also discussed, along with their fundamentals, modeling, analysis, design, realization and experimental results. This book fills the gaps between different interdisciplinary applications, ranging from mathematical concepts, modeling, and analysis, up to the realization and experimental work. Presents some of the latest innovative approaches to renewable energy systems from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis, optimization, control and circuit design Focuses on advances related to optimization techniques for renewable energy and forecasting using machine learning methods Includes new circuits and systems, helping researchers solve many nonlinear problems

What a Waste 2 0

What a Waste 2 0 Book
Author : Silpa Kaza,Lisa Yao,Perinaz Bhada-Tata,Frank Van Woerden
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 1464813477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid waste management affects every person in the world. By 2050, the world is expected to increase waste generation by 70 percent, from 2.01 billion tonnes of waste in 2016 to 3.40 billion tonnes of waste annually. Individuals and governments make decisions about consumption and waste management that affect the daily health, productivity, and cleanliness of communities. Poorly managed waste is contaminating the world’s oceans, clogging drains and causing flooding, transmitting diseases, increasing respiratory problems, harming animals that consume waste unknowingly, and affecting economic development. Unmanaged and improperly managed waste from decades of economic growth requires urgent action at all levels of society. What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050 aggregates extensive solid aste data at the national and urban levels. It estimates and projects waste generation to 2030 and 2050. Beyond the core data metrics from waste generation to disposal, the report provides information on waste management costs, revenues, and tariffs; special wastes; regulations; public communication; administrative and operational models; and the informal sector. Solid waste management accounts for approximately 20 percent of municipal budgets in low-income countries and 10 percent of municipal budgets in middle-income countries, on average. Waste management is often under the jurisdiction of local authorities facing competing priorities and limited resources and capacities in planning, contract management, and operational monitoring. These factors make sustainable waste management a complicated proposition; most low- and middle-income countries, and their respective cities, are struggling to address these challenges. Waste management data are critical to creating policy and planning for local contexts. Understanding how much waste is generated—especially with rapid urbanization and population growth—as well as the types of waste generated helps local governments to select appropriate management methods and plan for future demand. It allows governments to design a system with a suitable number of vehicles, establish efficient routes, set targets for diversion of waste, track progress, and adapt as consumption patterns change. With accurate data, governments can realistically allocate resources, assess relevant technologies, and consider strategic partners for service provision, such as the private sector or nongovernmental organizations. What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050 provides the most up-to-date information available to empower citizens and governments around the world to effectively address the pressing global crisis of waste. Additional information is available at http://www.worldbank.org/what-a-waste.

Environmental Mechanochemistry

Environmental Mechanochemistry Book
Author : Matej Baláž
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-07-07
ISBN : 3030752240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Mechanochemistry book written by Matej Baláž, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications Book
Author : Efstratios N. Kalogirou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-15
ISBN : 1351977911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technology, plants use waste as a renewable fuel to co-produce electricity, heating, and cooling for urban utilization. This professional book presents the latest developments in WtE technologies and their global applications. The first part of the book covers thermal treatment technologies, including combustion, novel gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis. It then examines 35 real-world WtE case studies from around the world, analyzing technical information behind planning, execution, goals, and national strategies. Results through the years show the benefits of the technology through the life cycle of the products. The book also examines financial and environmental aspects.