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Multinational Corporation Subsidiaries In China

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Multinational Corporation Subsidiaries in China

Multinational Corporation Subsidiaries in China Book
Author : Jinghua Zhao,Jifu Wang,Vipin Gupta,Tim Hudson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-31
ISBN : 1780633327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive study examines the global strategies of multinational corporations (MNCs), the strategic evolution and the categories of their subsidiaries in China based on 150 MNCs. It is the first large-scale project of this nature to be conducted. The research has significant bearing on strategic planning for firms that have set up, are setting up or are planning to establish subsidiaries in China, and the firms that try to compete in the global marketplace. The findings are significant for the West, owing to the current economic crisis and the need to determine if subsidiary expansion strategies will help Western firms achieve the portfolio effects in operations and avoid the harmful impact of macro events such as the existing global financial crisis. Additional empirical findings, analysis, discussions, and suggestions for future studies are also presented. Systemically reviews and summarizes the latest theories about MNCs’ subsidiaries, analyzing the four main streams of research schools Uses first-hand data from MNCs’ subsidiaries of more than 20 industries from more than 10 countries including: USA, Japan, South Korea, and the European Union by way of two rounds of studies in 2001 and 2006 Analyzes strategic evolvement models and evolution trends of subsidiaries of MNCs in China

Multinational Companies in China

Multinational Companies in China Book
Author : Xin Guo,Frank T. Gallo
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2017-06-07
ISBN : 1787145484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multinational companies have been doing business in China for over 25 years, with their presence and manning of their operations varying over time. Some mistakes of managing businesses are strikingly common and detrimental. This book explores those mistakes providing guidance that will help readers become more conscious and avoid repeating them.

Guanxi and Business Strategy

Guanxi and Business Strategy Book
Author : Eike A. Langenberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-10
ISBN : 3790819565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines a topic of paramount importance to those doing business with China: the impact of personal relationships (guanxi) on business affairs. It shows that the commercial utilization of guanxi with suppliers, customers, competitors and authorities yields significant sustainable competitive advantages. Coverage also assesses guanxi-based business strategies in terms of compliance with legal and ethical standards.

Corporate Governance of Chinese Multinational Corporations

Corporate Governance of Chinese Multinational Corporations Book
Author : Runhui Lin,Jean Jinghan Chen,Li Xie
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 9811574057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to explore the issue of corporate governance in China's new corporations. With rapid development over the last two decades, China has seen compelling achievements in overseas investment. Specifically, an increasing number of Chinese companies have been “going out” to become multinational enterprises. From the practical view, corporate governance issues have been identified in the literature as one of the most important factors in determining whether these Chinese multinational enterprises succeed or not. However, existing literature provides little investigation and understanding about corporate governance of Chinese multinational enterprises. This book fills that gap and will be of value to corporate executives, scholars of China's economy, and journalists.

Winning in China

Winning in China Book
Author : Lele Sang,Karl Ulrich
Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 1613631073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If Amazon can't win in China, can anyone? When Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos visited China in 2007, he expected that one day soon China would be a double-digit percentage of Amazon's sales. Yet, by 2019, Amazon, the most powerful and successful ecommerce company in the world, had quit China. In Winning in China: 8 Stories of Success and Failure in the World's Largest Economy, Wharton experts Lele Sang and Karl Ulrich explore the success and failure of several well-known companies, including Hyundai, LinkedIn, Sequoia Capital, and InMobi, as more and more businesses look to reap profits from the demand of 1.4 billion people. Sang, Global Fellow at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and Ulrich, Vice Dean of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at the Wharton School, answer four critical questions: Which factors explain the success (or failure) of foreign companies entering China?What challenges and pitfalls can a company entering China expect to encounter? How can a prospective entrant realistically assess its chances? Which managerial decisions are critical, and which approaches are most effective? Sang and Ulrich answer these questions by examining the stories of eight well-known and respected companies that have entered China. They study: How Norwegian Cruise Line's entry into China displays how cultural differences can boost or sink different companies; How Intel, one of the oldest, most respected firms in Silicon Valley, thrived in a country that seems to favor agile upstarts; How Zegna, the Italian luxury brand, has emerged as another surprising success story and how it plans to navigate new headwinds from the COVID-19 pandemic.Through these engaging and illuminating stories, Sang and Ulrich offer a framework and path for organizations looking for a way to successfully enter the world's largest economy. History can be a teacher, and China, a country with 3,500 years of written history, has much to teach.

China and the Multinationals

China and the Multinationals Book
Author : R. Pearce
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1781001111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This original and important book explores how the interaction between China and multinational enterprises (MNEs) has the potential to affect the future of the Chinese economy, the global economy, and international business. It examines the interaction of two of the most important forces affecting the development of the global economy in recent decades firstly the opening and massive growth of the Chinese economy, and secondly the rise in foreign direct investment per se and the consequent strategic restructuring of major MNEs. The expert contributors begin by investigating precisely how leading MNEs, with well-honed international practices and commitments, have drawn their subsidiaries in China into their established networks. They suggest that MNEs' operations are increasingly embedded in the growth and sustainability of the Chinese economy itself, rather than merely serving as a supply base for their global markets. The second part of the book examines the emergence of new MNEs from China itself. It shows how these MNEs are seen as integral to China's development, and how their ability to expand reflects strengths from China's growth as well as revealing the growing needs required for sustainability. This timely study will be of great interest not just to those following one of the world's key economies, but also to researchers and students of the fast-paced changes in international business strategy.

Risk Management Strategies of Japanese Companies in China

Risk Management Strategies of Japanese Companies in China Book
Author : Kristin Vekasi
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-07-08
ISBN : 0429557310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the context of political tensions and rising economic interdependence between Japan and China, this books studies how Japanese multinational companies try to minimize damages and manage their own fear and uncertainty to sustain their business interests. Using a qualitative approach, including over 150 interviews with Japanese and Chinese business and industry leaders, combined with statistical analysis of unique firm-level data, this book brings a ‘firm-level view’ to this crucial case of political conflict amid economic interdependence. It argues that there is wide variation in the degree of material damages Japanese multinationals sustain in the aftermath of political disputes, and how threatening they perceive the risks of political conflict to be. This book then goes on to evaluate the different responses to risk, from promoting Japan's culture through privately funded tactics and building common cause with the government, to diversifying a portion of assets abroad and even leaving China entirely. Presenting a new angle on economic globalization in the Asia Pacific region, Risk Management Strategies of Japanese Companies in China will be useful to students and scholars of Asian politics, business and economics as well as international political economy.

Outlook on labor cost development in China Shanghai region in particular as a road map for multinational corporations MNCs

Outlook on labor cost development in China  Shanghai region in particular  as a road map for multinational corporations  MNCs  Book
Author : Markus Fost
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2013-03-18
ISBN : 3656393176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research Paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1,3, Nürtingen University (Campus of Finance), course: Global Markets, language: English, abstract: Many observers, business people and in particular investors see labor cost developments in China as one of the main challenges for their Chinese subsidiaries. Especially in the East-coast region around Shanghai, labor cost has risen significantly within the last decade. For investors having subsidiaries in this region, the outlook on labor market might not look much brighter than it used to. Nevertheless, this development results from the impressive shift China has made in such a short period of time. China is now undergoing one of the most massive urbanizations in human history, which becomes nowhere more evident than in Shanghai. The population of this city is officially by now almost 24 million and is forecasted to rise to 30 million by 2020. Consequently, especially low-tech manufacturing plants in the Shanghai region suffer on the one hand from increasing labor cost, on the other hand from the fact that the government changed its focus to higher value-added industries with less pollution output in order to increase the living standard and quality of the population. In general, this trend means that Shanghai attracts high value-added industries such as Finance and Technology since the city offers well educated workforce as well as for sure an amazing flair attracting multinational corporations (MNC). The aim of this assignment is to give a precise short-term outlook on the labor cost development in China, which can be used by (potential) investors or MNCs having their subsidiary in the country. This short-term outlook will be extended by a mid and long-term prognosis, taking into account different regional wage developments as well as the macroeconomic performance of China. The prognosis should give the previously described target group a valid document for further planning matters.

Multinational Firms in China

Multinational Firms in China Book
Author : Sea-Jin Chang
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-10-31
ISBN : 019151070X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a consequence of aggressive competition, Chinese industries have become increasingly consolidated. While the extent to which emerging local firms can challenge well-established multinational firms varies by industry, there are common characteristics of 'winners' within each firm type. A handful of multinational and local firms emerged victorious by acquiring small, weak, and regional players to become truly national players. During this process, weaker multinational firms were crowded out of the market by stronger multinationals as well as by emerging local powerhouses. The successful local firms that survive competition in China have global ambitions and venture into international markets, challenging foreign multinational firms in the global marketplace. This book examines how multinational firms grew their operations in China and how successful local firms emerged from the restructuring process, as well the competition between them, in the fierce marketplace of China's economic reform. While anecdotal evidence on this topic is widespread, there exists no comprehensive research. This book seeks to address this gap by rooting its discussion in the author's extensive and rigorous statistical analyses and detailed case studies across five industries: consumer products, beer, telecom, automobile, and steel.

The Multinational Corporation in China

The Multinational Corporation in China Book
Author : Stephen Todd Rudman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-09
ISBN : 1405178566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Multinational Corporation in China: Controlling Interests addresses the question of how multinational corporations control and coordinate their worldwide affiliates, with a fascinating inside story on contemporary China. Focuses on dynamic management control processes by four large US multinational corporations of their China operations. Based on the author’s own research, including personal interviews with senior managers, and discussions with consultants, lawyers, and government officials. Reviews internal as well as publicly available company documents, and books, newspapers and periodicals dealing with relevant industries and with China. Enables readers to understand how multinational corporations are managed. Facilitates the development of a coherent theory of management control.

China in the world economy and doing business with it

China in the world economy and doing business with it Book
Author : Nina Rakowski
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2009-03-25
ISBN : 3640296249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientific Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 93 %, University of Western Sydney (School of Business and Marketing), course: International Business Environment, 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: If there is one truism about China, then it has to be its unique business environment. Politically China remains a communist country, but one with a dynamic economy. This combination was never achieved by another country (KPMG, 2004). China’s economy is huge and expanding rapidly, with an average growth rate of 8 % in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per annum for the last 30 years. The Chinese growth is almost miraculous and in 2007 China’s GDP reached 3.42 trillion US dollars, while most analysts expect China to become the largest economy in the world in this century (Economy watch, 2009). China’s admission to the World trade Organisation (WTO) in 2001 signalled the growing maturity of this market and is expected to further increase the investment opportunities (KPMG, 2004). However, the global financial crisis has hit China hard with the growth rate for 2009, while still positive, expected to slow. About 26 million Chinese lost their jobs within the last 2 months which led to social unrest throughout the country. The government therefore started evaluating a second stimulus package in order to keep the economy going. Lieberthal and Lieberthal (2003) give insights why China has an impact on all multinational corporations worldwide. They discuss that China is not only attractive for manufacturing, but furthermore worth for foreign companies to sell their products to the ‘1 billion consumer’-market. However, for most Westerners the Chinese culture is difficult to understand, which can be explained by the very different and in some instances opposing styles of negotiation. The ‘eight elements’ of Chinese negotiation by Graham and Lam (2003) were summarised in order to explain the high failure rate of multinational companies in the Chinese market.

Multinational Corporations in China

Multinational Corporations in China Book
Author : Yadong Luo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China is the world's largest emerging market economy and the fastest-growing market. It is the second largest foreign direct investment recipient in the world, surpassed only by the U.S. Also, China is undergoing two major transitional phases: from a command economy to a market-based one, and from a rural, agricultural society to an urban, industrial one. This book demonstrates how the success of foreign companies depends on the extent to which they can benefit from this structural transformation. It illustrates industrial and foreign direct investment policies regulated by the Chinese government, outlines the key investment opportunities, provides insights about how to analyze structural attributes of an industry, and presents the decision framework for investment selection. The book contains several case studies showing how companies choose relevant investment strategies in China. The unique quality of this book as an important guide to Chinese industry today is based on the author's double experience, first from his practical career in China and more recently from his academic career in the U.S.

Corporate Environmentalism in China and Taiwan

Corporate Environmentalism in China and Taiwan Book
Author : T. Tsai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2001-12-17
ISBN : 0230514227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China and Taiwan are two of the fastest growing economies of the newly industrialized countries. Much of their growth has come from multinational companies; partly, it has often been assumed, because the region provides a 'pollution haven' which the multinationals would not enjoy elsewhere. Corporate Environmentalism in China and Taiwan tests this hypothesis with detailed empirical research. Focusing on the chemical sector, the author compares the policies and behaviour of three multinational corporations with three large, local firms. The research shows that in fact the multinational companies have out-performed local companies in the phenomenon of 'greening'.

Multinational Companies in China

Multinational Companies in China Book
Author : Economist Intelligence Unit (Hong Kong)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Multinational Companies in China book written by Economist Intelligence Unit (Hong Kong), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multinationals in Emerging Markets by means of Nestl in China

Multinationals in Emerging Markets by means of Nestl   in China Book
Author : Julia Schwieger
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2017-07-19
ISBN : 3668486891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1.0, EBC University Düsseldorf, language: English, abstract: The growing interdependence of countries and internationalization of companies is one of the most extensively discussed topics of the last decades. Not only international trade has risen strongly, but also foreign direct investments (FDI) have been increasingly conducted by expanding companies worldwide. Companies widening their range by seizing opportunities internationally are most likely able to fuel their growth, whereas the position of organizations that only operate nationally is continuously weakened. Therefore, especially big multinational corporations from developed countries, like Nestle or Unilever, strive to steadily expand their global presence in order to thrive in a highly competitive global market. Whereas emerging countries, like China or India, are popular to invest in for MNCs, internationalization is increasingly including companies from those developing nations as well. Additionally, those Emerging Market Multinationals (EMNCs) are not only gaining power on an international level but are also becoming effective local competitors for multinationals in their home markets. Hence, losing their market shares to the local competition, MNCs are forced to rethink their strategy in emerging markets. According to the new challenges, multinationals have to face in developing markets the following paper aims to analyze the competitive environment in emerging countries and thus derive promising approaches for MNCs to successfully stabilize their position. The analysis will be based on a theoretical background, including the description of general reasons for internationalization, foreign direct investments as an entry mode as well as the “Being International Strategies” according to Bartlett/Ghoshal (1989) and broader relevant models. Afterwards, the current situation and competitive environment in emerging markets will be outlined. The analysis itself will be conducted on the example of Nestlé in the Chinese market in order to further assess MNCs’ position in developing countries. After giving a short company introduction, the Chinese food processing industry, as well as Nestlé's internationalization strategy, will be examined. In order to further assess the company`s position and performance in China Porter’s 5 forces framework will be applied. To conclude, general implications for the competitive situation in emerging markets and MNC’s strategies as well as an evaluation of Nestlé’s position in China are derived and outlined.

China CEO II

China CEO II Book
Author : Juan Antonio Fernandez,Laurie Underwood
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-04
ISBN : 1119583217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Straight from the China CEO: Advice on leading operations in the world’s fastest-moving, highest stakes market. 25 top executives leading high-profile multinational companies in China, as well as seasoned and respected China-based consultants, give their front-line advice on succeeding in this market. Soaring spending power among the world’s largest consumer population, radical digital transformation creating a cash-less, ‘always on’ society, severe generation gaps – these are just some of the factors which have completely transformed China since 2006, the year when the first volume of China CEO was published. And these are three of the main reasons the authors have again teamed up to put together this second volume – collecting entirely new content via in-depth, exclusive interviews with the heads of 25 high-profile CEOs of multinational companies in China, as well as a number of highly respected consultants who have built their careers by delivering advice on succeeding in the market. In this book, CEOs and experts share their strategies for overcoming the most pressing issues faced by business leaders in China now, including: fierce competition from strong, globalized Chinese companies; working with the powerful, complex Chinese government; and successfully attracting the nation’s wealthy but fickle and tech-savvy domestic consumers. Top executives and consultants also divulge their secrets for keeping up with China’s astoundingly broad and rapid digital transformation in which the nation is now leading the world in mobile payment, online shopping, social media, Artificial Intelligence, and facial and voice recognition. They also discuss trends including localization of top positions in China, the rise of female top executives in the country and the challenge of attracting the nation’s highly international, purpose driven millennials. Hear directly from the China CEOs of: ABB, AB InBev, Bayer, Bosch, Carrefour, Coca-Cola, IKEA, Korn Ferry, Lego, L’Oreal, NIIT, Mango, Manulife, Marriott, Maserati, Microsoft, Philips, Scania, SAP, Sony, Standard Chartered, Tata, Udacity, Victoria’s Secret (Lbrands Int’l), Volvo, etc. Learn from seasoned China experts at McKinsey & Co, Economist Group, and more Written in a practical, easy-to-read format ideal for busy professionals, educators, and students China CEO II: Voices of Experience from 25 Top Executives Leading MNCs in China is an invaluable resource for any professionals seeking to work in or with China, or executives expanding their responsibilities in China, and those involved in international business, finance or executive programmes.

Emerging Market Multinationals and Europe

Emerging Market Multinationals and Europe Book
Author : Andreas Breinbauer,Louis Brennan,Johannes Jäger,Andreas G. M. Nachbagauer,Andreas Nölke
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-15
ISBN : 3030312917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently, there have been public concerns about the impact of emerging market multinationals. The expansion of China's multinationals to Europe and the Belt and Road Initiative is a prominent example that has kindled hope but also started to increase awareness of the long-term implications. Based on a systematic analysis of internationalization theories, the role of foreign direct investment and multinational companies combined with in-depth empirical research using case studies in Turkey, Russia, Latin America, Asia and Europe, this timely edited volume addresses opportunities and concerns related to this new trend. It also provides new insights that are highly relevant for scholars, policy makers, regional business agencies and students, as well as the public at large. By focusing on the (potential) impact of the expansion of emerging market multinationals on Europe and by including a long-term perspective, the book offers a fresh perspective on a highly controversial issue.

Sustainable Champions

Sustainable Champions Book
Author : Fu Jia,Jonathan Gosling,Morgen Witzel
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 1351286145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the face of strong competitive pressure and a dynamic market, multinational companies in China are forced to innovate with extraordinary pace and inventiveness. Environmental sustainability is a vital benchmark, and is a key driver for the best companies in each sector – many of them allied with the WWF Climate Savers programme.Sustainable Champions shows how nine leading multinational companies – including Nestlé, HP, Tetra Pak and Sony – are dealing with environmental, supply chain and ethical challenges in China. The book illuminates some of their transformative practices, and the impact this is having on business in China and beyond. The concluding cross-case analysis of supply chain and environmental challenges faced by leading international firms presents key lessons for business and for sustainability champions.Sustainable Champions: How International Companies are Changing the Face of Business in China is essential reading for researchers and course leaders seeking on-the-ground examples of local environmental challenges, and any company doing business in one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.With a Foreword by Simon Zadek, Distinguished Fellow, Academy of Business in Society, Visiting Scholar, Tsinghua School of Economics and Management.

Strategies of Multinational corporations in the emerging markets China and India

Strategies of Multinational corporations in the emerging markets China and India Book
Author : Andreas van de Kuil
Publisher : diplom.de
Release : 2008-10-29
ISBN : 3836621541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: In recent years, China and India have become two of the most important markets in terms of sales, low-cost manufacturing and R&D operations. The future progress will increase the competitive advantage for both countries and attract MNC s from all over the world to invest. Nevertheless, success is not guaranteed, even with the large business opportunities that China and India provide. A MNC has to be aware of various challenges that both countries pose, such as government interventions, underdeveloped infrastructures or copyright violations. Hence, MNC s need efficient strategies in order to compete and improve their position in these markets. Particularly the implementation of an efficient innovation and knowledge strategy has become a crucial aspect. Effectiveness in local product adjustments, globalizing R&D, tailoring talent management, mastering the complexity of global value chains, and managing risks are success factors that have to be considered. This, however, is not an easy task. Multiple failures of MNC s in China and India demonstrate that it is important to adapt a company s strategy to the local customer needs and to obtain a competitive advantage in the field of innovation. The purpose of this master thesis is to discuss all these aspects and present crucial factors for the implementation of an efficient strategy for the two markets China and India, with a focus on innovation and knowledge. Obviously, there are limits to the scope of this dissertation. Some aspects as for example the cultural background of both countries, governmental restrictions, the role of outsourcing or the availability of financial resources have either not been considered or are only discussed briefly. Moreover, this dissertation will only provide a general overview as the business environment of MNC s in each market will differ. Introduction: In the last 10 to 20 years the term emerging market has become very important in the international business context because countries such as China or India grew heavily and created new, enormous market segments. Companies from all over the world are seeking to do business in economically developing countries because of their great potential. Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita figures exceeding 10 per cent a year, a business environment of over five billion people (approximately 80 per cent of the global population), a growing domestic customer group of wealthy people, excellently educated [...]

Global Business Strategy

Global Business Strategy Book
Author : Kazuyuki Motohashi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-25
ISBN : 4431554688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents theories and case studies for corporations in developed nations, including Japan, for designing strategies to maximize opportunities and minimize threats in business expansion into developing nations. The case studies featured here focus on Asia, including China and India, and use examples of Japanese manufacturers. Five case studies are provided, including Hitachi Construction Machinery and Shiseido in China and Maruti Suzuki in India. These cases facilitate the reader’s understanding of the business environments in emerging economies. This volume is especially recommended for business people responsible for international business development, particularly in China and India. In addition, the book serves as a useful resource for students in graduate-level courses in international management.